Make it a $100 per ton and dividend it back on a per capita basis, a huge "middle and working class tax cut". Should also have a surcharge for extra-heavy personal users - personal yachts, rolls royces, first class airline passengers etc. Would add a good bit of "populism", if only Bernie had led with that!
This would greatly increase the cost of long supply chains, forcing some activities to be done much closer to the point of final constriction/consumption - relocalization and "bringing the jobs home". How can this not be a winning proposition if sold correctly?!