The linked, open access, reference discusses the nature of the Anthropocene and how different it is from most other known biospheric relationships:
Mark Williams, Jan Zalasiewicz, Colin N. Waters, Matt Edgeworth, Carys Bennett, Anthony D. Barnosky, Erle C. Ellis, Michael A. Ellis, Alejandro Cearreta, P.K. Haff, Juliana A. Ivar do Sul, Reinhold Leinfelder, J.R. McNeill, Eric Odada, Naomi Oreskes, Andrew Revkin, Daniel deB Richter, Will Steffen, Colin Summerhayes, James P. Syvitski, Davor Vidas, Michael Wagreich, Scott L. Wing, Alexander P. Wolfe & An Zhisheng (2016), "The Anthropocene: a conspicuous stratigraphical signal of anthropogenic changes in production and consumption across the biosphere", Earth's Future, DOI: 10.1002/2015EF000339http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015EF000339/abstract
Abstract: "Biospheric relationships between production and consumption of biomass have been resilient to changes in the Earth system over billions of years. This relationship has increased in its complexity, from localised ecosystems predicated on anaerobic microbial production and consumption, to a global biosphere founded on primary production from oxygenic photoautotrophs, through the evolution of Eukarya, metazoans, and the complexly networked ecosystems of microbes, animals, fungi and plants that characterise the Phanerozoic Eon (the last ~541 million years of Earth history). At present, one species, Homo sapiens, is refashioning this relationship between consumption and production in the biosphere with unknown consequences. This has left a distinctive stratigraphy of the production and consumption of biomass, of natural resources, and of produced goods. This can be traced through stone tool technologies and geochemical signals, later unfolding into a diachronous signal of technofossils and human bioturbation across the planet, leading to stratigraphically almost isochronous signals developing by the mid-20th century. These latter signals may provide an invaluable resource for informing and constraining a formal Anthropocene chronostratigraphy, but are perhaps yet more important as tracers of a biosphere state that is characterised by a geologically unprecedented pattern of global energy flow that is now pervasively influenced and mediated by humans, and which is necessary for maintaining the complexity of modern human societies."
Caption for: "Figure 1. Produced energy and the pattern of human population growth from 1750. Utilization of these energy sources, together with the energy used by humans from net primary production, is now approaching the entire energy available to the global ecosystem before human intervention (Barnosky, 2015). Key to colours: dark blue = coal; dark brown = oil; green = natural gas; purple = nuclear; light blue = hydro; orange brown = biomass (e.g. plants, trees). Data source from: http://www.theoildrum.com/node/8936
Caption for: "Figure 4. A chronology of the human influence on patterns of primary and secondary production, and consumption, and on energy use from fossils fuels, from the late Pliocene to present. The figure identifies key factors in the human appropriation of primary and secondary production, via technology (and technofossils), migration (see Fig. 5), cultural evolution (from circa 70,000 years ago, culturally modern humans), forest clearance and farming, industrialization (and use of fossil fuels), and the consequent 20th – 21st century surge in population growth. These changes are reflected in physical strata through the manifestation of ‘Boundary A’, sensu Edgeworth et al. (2015), the diachronous bounding surface which marks the base of anthropogenic deposits, above which is a lithostratigraphic entity that contains novel materials and remains of domesticated animals and plants found as inclusions in anthropogenic ground - a direct signal of the increasing impact of humans. Right hand column shows selected and illustrative (but not exhaustive) major impacts on charcoal for iron smelting at his Shropshire Coalbrookedale factory, often viewed as the ‘birthplace’ of modern industry. Jethro Tull’s development of the horse drawn seed drill and hoe contributed to what is called the British Agricultural Revolution, and forms part of a broader continuum of agricultural developments beginning in medieval and early modern Europe and elsewhere."
Caption for: "Figure 5 The pattern of global migration exhibited by homo sapiens from the Paleolithic culture to present"