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Author Topic: Adapting to the Anthropocene  (Read 154099 times)

AbruptSLR

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Re: Adapting to the Anthropocene
« Reply #400 on: October 26, 2018, 02:08:12 PM »
There is a risk that the rest of the world will follow China's AI lead, leaving the USA on the sidelines (which will destabilize world geopolitics):

Title: "The AI Cold War That Could Doom Us All"

https://www.wired.com/story/ai-cold-war-china-could-doom-us-all/

Extract: "The US could try to wrap Beijing in a technology embrace. Work with China to develop rules and norms for the development of AI. Establish international standards to ensure that the algorithms governing people’s lives and livelihoods are transparent and accountable. Both countries could, as Tim Hwang suggests, commit to developing more shared, open databases for researchers.

But for now, at least, conflicting goals, mutual suspicion, and a growing conviction that AI and other advanced technologies are a winner-take-all game are pushing the two countries’ tech sectors further apart. A permanent cleavage will come at a steep cost and will only give techno-authoritarianism more room to grow."
“It is not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who can best manage change.”
― Leon C. Megginson

vox_mundi

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Re: Adapting to the Anthropocene
« Reply #401 on: January 05, 2019, 05:05:15 PM »
As Heat Sweeps Over the Arctic, Moscow Seeks Way To Adapt
https://thebarentsobserver.com/en/arctic-ecology/2019/01/arctic-heat-sets-moscow-commissions-climate-change-adaption-plan

Quote
A global heatwave is gaining force and the Russian government appears to acknowledge that its Arctic will be among the regions worst hit. But the country’s response is not combat of climate change, but rather adaption to the new reality.



... In the Kara Sea, the average temperature since 1998 has increased by 4.95°C. In 2017, the most staggering anomaly was found in the Kara Sea in March, the researchers said. Then, the average temperature was 13°C degrees higher than normal.

The meteorological institute now warns that rapidly increasing temperatures could have dramatic effects on life in the north. That message was sent to decision makers in Moscow.

... According to Roshydromet leader Maksim Yakovenko, the climate adaption plan includes measures on how to avoid negative consequences on the economy, industry and other sectors. Among the potentially devastating elements are melting  permafrost effects on infrastructure located on the tundra.

A 2017 climate report from the institute included alarming data about the permafrost melting. According to researchers, all sites in the country’s European parts of the Arctic in 2017 saw a reduction of the permafrost layer by about 10 cm/a. The largest melting was observed at a site in the Pechora River delta, where the decrease was as large as 33 cm/a.

At the same time, extreme weather is getting more frequent. According to Yakovenko, the number of cases of extreme weather conditions in the country has over the last few years more than doubled. Previously, there were about 400 cases per year, now there are more than 1,000, he told news agency TASS.

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Brazil Was a Global Leader on Climate Change. Now It’s a Threat.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/01/04/brazil-was-a-global-leader-on-climate-change-now-its-a-threat/

Quote
Jair Bolsonaro’s government could roll back decades of progress on clean energy and reducing deforestation.

Bolsonaro, who took office Jan. 1, clearly believes that economic development is at odds with environmental protection and that considerations about the planet should not be allowed to inhibit industry, particularly Brazil’s huge agricultural sector. During the campaign Bolsonaro earned the support of Brazil’s agribusiness lobby, the ruralistas, which make up one of the country’s most powerful congressional blocs.

The newly inaugurated president has grumbled that environmental policy is “suffocating” the economy. He has threatened to withdraw Brazil from the Paris agreement on climate change (although he recanted after an international backlash). His environment minister, Ricardo Salles, is a former legal director of the Brazilian Rural Society, an agricultural group, and was fined this past December for changing plans for an environmentally protected area to benefit businesses in the state of São Paulo when he was head of an environmental agency there.

Bolsonaro has also promised to remove some protections for the Amazon rainforest, including by rolling back indigenous reserves, such as Raposa Serra do Sol—he has advocated for agriculture and mining exploration there and said the area is too large for its inhabitants. In one of his first acts as president he shifted the power to regulate and create indigenous reserves—which account for about 13 percent of Brazil’s territory, including vast swaths of rainforest—from the National Indian Foundation agency to the agriculture ministry.

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How Your Brain Stops You From Taking Climate Change Seriously
https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/how-your-brain-stops-you-from-taking-climate-change-seriously

Quote
... Part of the reason it takes us so long to act is because the human brain has spent nearly 200,000 years focused on the present.
« Last Edit: January 05, 2019, 05:26:47 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

AbruptSLR

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Re: Adapting to the Anthropocene
« Reply #402 on: December 10, 2019, 01:55:07 AM »
Food for thought:

Title: "Who Are The San Bushmen? | The World's Oldest People"



Extract: "Who are the San Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert? A people that lived in the same way for about 100,000 years up until very recently. These San Bushmen give us a glimpse into the world of our ancestors, the world of hunter-gatherers. For the vast majority of human history, we have not been farmers we were hunter-gatherers. Like the San Bushmen. So join me as we look at the history and culture of the San Bushmen and what it says about hunter-gatherers and even our own modern world."
“It is not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who can best manage change.”
― Leon C. Megginson

sidd

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Re: Adapting to the Anthropocene
« Reply #403 on: December 27, 2019, 10:41:21 PM »
Water warming land:

"As water temperatures rise in the Atlantic Ocean and its connected gulfs and bays, the warmth may spread inland "

"The water-to-land effect appears along the Great Lakes, which also are warming"

"Nowhere more so than Rhode Island: The state’s average temperature has increased 3.64 degrees compared with its 20th-century norm"

"New Jersey came in 3.49 degrees warmer; Connecticut, 3.22; Maine, 3.17; Massachusetts, 3.05; and New Hampshire, 2.93."

"the ocean works like a thermos, providing a lasting heat source even as winter temperatures descend around it. The effect always existed but is more pronounced."

"four Connecticut counties hugging the coastline averaged 2.9 degrees warmer than normal, compared with 2.6 degrees for the four inland counties."

"It’s even more amplified in Pennsylvania and New York where mountain ranges act as natural barriers"

"Over the past decade, an “extraordinary” change has hit the Gulf Stream, causing its path to become unstable, wobbling off the normal course and often bringing warmer waters nearer to shore ...The stream emits more “warm core rings” – eddies of water up to 60 miles wide that spin toward land and can hold warm temperatures for months. Along the way, the rings can increase water temperatures in a given area as much as 12 degrees above average ... such rings have spiked from about 18 annually before the new millennium to 33 annually now. "

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/12/25/climate-change-northeast-warming-faster-united-states/2743119001/

sidd