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TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #200 on: November 28, 2019, 05:48:01 PM »
I wonder if that aged double barrel 12 gauge is still packed away somewhere.


Blowing an android in half isn't murder, it's simply disassembling a machine. A civil tort, not a criminal case. Even an AI Lawyer could win this one!
......................
This isn't my future. If it was I might consider seditious thoughts, thoughts that undoubtedly would trigger the internet's autonomous bots to flag me for increased scrutiny. Scrutiny that would inevitably expose past instances when actions I'd taken could be construed as anti-authoritarian.


I'd continue, but I might end up scaring myself.
.........................
This thread has morphed into a trailer for Sci-Fi Horror flicks not penned by Asimov.
 
New York City's Robocop Dogs seen chasing Fedex MailBots down the streets while nipping at their axles.


Unsmiling Humanoids with tape on their neck are escorted from the table by Steve Wynn's scantily clad SexBot/Security Droids.


Interwired criminal TriNets challenge Macau Triads for control of Adelson's Gambling Dens from their hardwired Opium Den.


The DoD's Cyborg Soldiers prepare to battle Schwarzenegger Terminator Clones in a Death Match at Madison Square Gardens, unaware that Putin's Su-24 flies overhead, preparing to blind the winners.


Terry 8)
Don't let them see the retina of your eyes!

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #201 on: November 28, 2019, 06:04:22 PM »
^ +1

Papers please ...

Your Next Car Will Be Watching You More Than It's Watching the Road
https://gizmodo.com/your-next-car-will-be-watching-you-more-than-its-watchi-1840055386/amp

... Chooch is developing a facial recognition system to detect the rightful owners of cars. When someone is renting a car, they hold up their passport and show their face to the car’s camera. The car’s built-in AI then uses facial recognition to identify them and make sure the right person is sitting behind the steering wheel. (... what's it do if you don't have a passport; lock the doors and gas you? )

(... they might want to rethink the company name; see https://definedictionarymeaning.com/topic/42682/chooch )
« Last Edit: November 28, 2019, 06:19:31 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #202 on: December 02, 2019, 05:30:08 PM »
Revealed: ADF Plan for Weaponised Robots
https://www.theaustralian.com.au/nation/defence/adf-aims-to-integrate-robotic-war-strategies/news-story/27d291a070d1352678b54419cad7dba1



The Australian Defence Force is devising a strategy to develop hi-tech soldiers and weaponised ­robots under a new program to “modernise levels of protection and lethality” for frontline troops.

As China and other nations aggressively expand modern warfare technology, defence chiefs have adopted an “accelerated” plan, focusing on Human Machine Teaming to combine robotic systems and soldier ­capacity to “achieve tactical ­advantage”.

https://twitter.com/Ghost_Robotics/status/1045381119993139205

Major General Mick Ryan, who has championed new technologies, has predicted that by the middle of the 21st century, military forces will contain tens of thousands of robots and that decisions of human commanders will be informed and shaped by artificial intelligence.



The Australian understands autonomous hardware, is already being trialled in armoured vehicles, unmanned ground vehicles, digital guns incorporating computerised sight and automated firing technology and weaponised drones are new technologies being considered to support modern land warfare.

... An Australian Army report titled Robotic and Autonomous Systems Strategy says the use of “advanced and networked technologies on the battlefield is increasing and future war-fighting is expected to centre on human-machine teams both in the physical and virtual sense”.

------------------------------------

China Tests Killer Drones for Street-to-Street Urban Warfare, Plans Sales Overseas
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/3039827/chinese-tech-firm-testing-urban-attack-drone-designed-carry-out

Engineers recently completed a successful air-to-ground test firing exercise for the mini quadcopter named Tianyi, built by a subsidiary of a state-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Modern Weaponry reported.



Military commentator Song Zhongping said mini-quadcopters such as the Tianyi, which are powered by four rotors, were easy to manoeuvre and could navigate their way round buildings and carry out precision strikes – even firing through windows at close range.

The makers say the drone, which is designed to be controlled by soldiers on the ground, has an operational distance of 5km (3 miles) and has a vertical range of 6km.

It will be fitted with infrared and laser detectors to enable night surveillance operations and armed with two 50mm rockets designed to strike from a distance of up to 1km. ...

-----------------------------------

Israeli Military is Buying Copter Drones With Machine Guns
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/07/israeli-military-buying-copter-drones-machine-guns/139199/

The Israeli military is buying small multi-rotor drones modified to carry a machine gun, a grenade launcher and variety of other weapons to fight tomorrow’s urban warfare battles. Their maker, Florida startup Duke Robotics , is pitching the TIKAD drone to the U.S military as well.



“Because it’s a robot, it’s agnostic to the payload. I can mount an M4, SR25, a 40-millimeter grenade launcher, no matter what. I can carry up to 22 pounds and [the plate system] will stabilize the drone and allow me to get an accurate shot.” ... All of this is possible with current technology and there have been examples of this kind of tech over the years, most recently with the Switchblade project. The technology is basic – I suspect DJI or a similar drone manufacturer could build this in a weekend – but it’s the target market and marketing that is the most interesting.

... Defense One was able to confirm independently that the Israeli military is buying an unspecified number of the units.


Now Fly My Pretties! Fly!

-------------------------------

Army Tests Out Drone that Can Fire Grenades into Enemy Hideouts
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2019/11/14/army-tests-out-drone-can-fire-grenades-enemy-hideouts.html/amp

U.S. Army weapons officials are testing an experimental drone armed with a multi-shot, 40mm grenade launcher to destroy enemy targets hiding behind cover.

The man-packable Cerberus GL unmanned aerial system -- made by Skyborne Technologies Pty. Ltd. -- is being evaluated in the Army Expeditionary Warfare Experiments 2020 at Fort Benning, Georgia.

... In addition to the Cerberus grenade-firing UAS, Benning officials evaluated a UAS armed with a Vietnam-era M72 Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) last year, Davis said.

The system featured a six-bladed commercial drone that could hover over a target and fire the LAW straight down on the enemy, Davis said.

"We've got like 100,000 LAWs in the inventory," he said. "All you are trying to do is get that weapon further forward so you can shoot behind an obstacle. It worked pretty good."

Last year's AEWE also evaluated an M72 LAW equipped with a programmable 66mm warhead, which peppered targets with about 4,000 fragments of shrapnel.

------------------------------

Turkey Adds Autonomous Facial Recognition Kamikaze Drones to Military Portfolio
https://www.biometricupdate.com/201911/turkey-adds-autonomous-facial-recognition-kamikaze-drones-to-military-portfolio

... Deployed in military operations at the Syrian border and equipped with higher ammo capacity and accuracy, the drones can easily destroy an entire brigade or warship. They have artificial intelligence systems and can carry a variety of explosives. The drones use facial recognition to detect human targets and can “autonomously fire-and-forget through the entry of target coordinates,” according to a new PAX report.

-------------------------------

Killer Drones: How Many Are There and Who Do They Target?
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2019/nov/18/killer-drones-how-many-uav-predator-reaper
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/us-drone-strike-afghanistan-killed-civilians-taliban-khost-death-toll-birth-a9228956.html

In a rare piece of disclosure, the US said 473 air strikes (from both drones and planes, the figures are not separated out) had been made against targets outside Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria between January 2009 and December 2015. It acknowledged there had been as many as 116 civilian deaths as a result of those strikes, 4% of the reported casualties.

Research conducted by Reprieve in 2014 “found that in attempts to kill 41 individuals, the US killed as many as 1,147 other people and that on average the high value targets died three times”.

In March Donald Trump made analysis harder by signing an executive order banning reporting of drone casualty details.

https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-revocation-reporting-requirement/

------------------------------------

We're Running Out of Time to Stop Killer Robots
https://www.inverse.com/article/60899-killer-robots-companies-ban-drones

A new report warns that they're coming sooner than you think.

If we don’t adopt legislation to stop killer robots from proliferating soon, they could become commonplace. That’s the message of a new report from the peace advocacy nonprofit PAX. The report claims weapons manufacturers and countries are moving toward producing autonomous weapons systems. These systems, the report warns, could cascade into immoral and unethical use.

PAX had fifty arms producers participate in a survey where they were asked if they were working on producing autonomous weapons and if they are “committed to not contributing to the development of lethal autonomous weapons.” From there, PAX rated companies based on how concerning their practices were. PAX rated 30 of the 50 companies as “high concern.” The report was published this week.

https://www.paxforpeace.nl/publications/all-publications/slippery-slope



Of those 30 companies, American defense contractors like Lockheed Martin, Boeing and Raytheon made the list. The report, titled “Slippery Slope,” claims these companies are working on technology that could be used for killer robots and that they didn’t have “clear policies” outlining how to keep killer robots in check.

The kinds of weapons these companies are working on ranged from autonomous combat drones to autonomous submarines to autonomous tanks. Many of these companies are working on technology that would allow killer robots to swarm together.
« Last Edit: December 02, 2019, 05:46:28 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #203 on: December 02, 2019, 06:21:11 PM »
Three Teams Selected to Design Project Blackjack’s Brains
https://www.c4isrnet.com/battlefield-tech/space/2019/11/21/three-teams-selected-to-design-project-blackjacks-brains/

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has selected three teams to design Pit Boss, a system that can take data from satellites in low earth orbit, process that information in space and disseminate that information to users on Earth without any human input or instructions.

Pit Boss is an autonomous mission management system that DARPA is building for another of its casino-themed initiatives, Project Blackjack. That program aims to demonstrate the value of a large proliferated constellation of low earth orbit satellites for a variety of military uses. Pit Boss aims to use an advanced architecture, processors, and encryption to autonomously collect and process data from the entire Blackjack constellation. It is also envisioned to be able to incorporate future advanced algorithms, including Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML).

Pit Boss connects the brains of each Blackjack satellite, making it one exceptionally smart, networked system,” said Raytheon Space Systems Director Mike Rokaw in a statement Nov. 19. “Rather than sending data down to a ground station for processing, which takes time we don’t have, Pit Boss will send data from space straight to the right operator at the right time.”

“Self-knowing satellites are the next step in autonomous space-based mission planning,” he said. “And, this isn’t limited to missile warning and defense. Future constellation management systems will migrate to this type of methodology.”



---------------------------

DARPA Seeks to Improve AI at the Military Edge with 'Hyper-Dimensional Data Enabled Neural Networks'
https://www.datacenterdynamics.com/news/darpas-hyper-dimensional-data-enabled-neural-network-proposal-seeks-improve-ai-military-edge/

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is looking to fund research into shallow neural network architectures that could run accurately on low-powered Edge systems.

Hyper-Dimensional Data Enabled Neural Networks (HyDDENN) would be able to provide similar results compared to existing state-of-the-art (SOA) Deep Neural Networks (DNN) running in hyperscale data centers, but without the latency and large computational requirements.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

nanning

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #204 on: December 02, 2019, 07:11:31 PM »
^^
Techno nightmares.
Is there enough time to deploy this before collapse happens?
Is it a race about which is first to arrive? Nightmare or collapse?
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
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sidd

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #205 on: December 02, 2019, 09:45:41 PM »
Re:  which is first to arrive? Nightmare or collapse?

Why not both ?

sidd

gerontocrat

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #206 on: December 02, 2019, 09:50:14 PM »
Re:  which is first to arrive? Nightmare or collapse?

Why not both ?

sidd
Synergy
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #207 on: December 02, 2019, 10:41:46 PM »
Quote
Synergy
Good philosophy. See good in bad. I like.

Mr. Kim - Fifth Element


------------------------
Quote
Which is first to arrive? ...


It's a horse race.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #208 on: December 02, 2019, 10:48:05 PM »

nanning
Nightmares?


In the hands of properly vetted Patriotic Militia Movements these Defensive Tools will prove to be no more dangerous than the tools seeking to deploy them.


Thinking was never their forte, so acquiring arms that require less oversight and make the difficult attack or investigate decisions on their own is truly a no brainer. These bots will allow the heroic defenders of American Freedom more freedom to pursue their personal goals, perhaps of separating dusky bar girls in border bordellos from their husbands & brothers bent on rescuing them from gangster gringo pimps.


Their use in countries without 2nd amendment protections must of course be restricted to American Troops, or possibly Nato troops under proper American Leadership. Suicide chips that explode the weapon whenever it's handled by non-aryan skin might restrict their usefulness somewhat, but would provide some level of security. I'm unsure how effective this would be when confronted by Commie Rooskies, but perhaps other sensors can be incorporated.


Every White American Patriot should sleep soundly tonight. Secure in the knowledge that these Intelligent Partners in Border Protection will utterly destroy any Brown Son of a Bitch foolish enough to attack our Southern Border or attempting to pick our crops.


The AI weapons in Australia or England don't matter because Real Patriots never leave home without their Uniform. 8)
 [/Satire]


Terry
Peering through the mists of Niagara Falls, hoping to learn what they'll be up to next.




Rob Dekker

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #209 on: December 03, 2019, 09:11:00 AM »
I work on ICs. Integrated Circuits. Commonly known as chips. These are the evil machines that will certainly cause demise of the human race, and the Singularity.

I've worked on these suckers for the past 30 years, and let me tell you a secret :

I still have a job because these machines just don't work unless we tell them what to do.

That's my 2 cts on that subject.
This is our planet. This is our time.
Let's not waste either.

nanning

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #210 on: December 03, 2019, 05:22:42 PM »
Terry, very interesting points of view, thanks.

Maybe nightmares about collapse? For the makers of kill bots and the users thereof. The end of high tech is looming and approaching.


I agree Rob, I know the 'secret' :).
Interesting, chips. Back in 2009 I really dreamt about working for ASML and in april 2010 visited their factory in Veldhoven with fellow physics students.
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
   Simple: minimize your possessions and be free and kind    It's just a mindset.       Refugees welcome

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #211 on: December 03, 2019, 06:17:11 PM »
DARPA Looks to Add Reasoning to Autonomous Teams
https://gcn.com/articles/2019/09/04/darpa-create-reasoning-autonomous-systems.aspx

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency wants to lay the foundation for integrating unmanned systems into larger missions by developing reasoning, contextually aware teams of autonomous systems.

The Context Reasoning for Autonomous Teaming (CREATE) program aims to use artificial intelligence to build scalable teams of autonomous systems that can react to changing context and learn from experience to make decisions without centralized control and communications. It is specifically focused on teaming for systems constrained by size, weight and power, such as drones, undersea unmanned vehicles or satellites.

An artificially intelligent autonomous machine working in a team will be able to understand how its own sensing and actuation modes relate to several high-level mission goals to help machine team members balance their resources autonomously.

https://www.darpa.mil/work-with-us/ai-next-campaign

--------------------------------------

Can DARPA CREATE an AI for Unmanned-Unmanned Teaming?
https://www.c4isrnet.com/unmanned/2019/09/09/can-darpa-create-an-ai-for-unmanned-unmanned-teaming/

As more robots move onto the battlefield, DARPA wants those machines to work together, learn from each other to do better and move away from actions which cause regret. To spark research into this area, the Pentagon’s blue sky projects wing launched “CREATE,” or “Context Reasoning for Autonomous Teaming.”

... This is a step beyond the remotely directed and controlled systems of today, which use extensive communications networks to give humans fine-tuned controls over how machines move. Should those networks break down, machines that can move toward objectives on their own is a goal, even if those moves are less efficient or effective than the choices a human operator would have made. Advances in electronic warfare, combined with fears about the the loss of communication networks, both terrestrial and in orbit, are part of what’s driving military research and investment in autonomous machines.

What sets CREATE apart from, say, swarming systems of quadcopters, is that DARPA wants to find a framework that can communicate with a heterogeneous group of machines: likely quadcopters and unmanned ground vehicles too, different kinds of flying and swimming robots. In other words, a whole mechanical menagerie working to a similar purpose.

With the right AI tool, the machine-machine team should be able to discern the context of where they are, what is happening, and then act independently. In addition, they can meet multiple spontaneous goals that arise over the course of a mission.

Getting to that point means a system that can learn and, especially, a system that can learn from mistakes.

“Agents within the team will have mechanisms for regulation to ensure (favorable) emergent behavior of the team to (1) better ensure the desired mission outcome and (2) bound the cost of unintended adverse action or ‘regret,’” reads the solicitation.



------------------------------------

Killing Cruise Missiles: Pentagon To Test Rival Lasers
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/12/exclusive-three-ways-to-kill-cruise-missiles-pentagon-to-test-rival-lasers/

PENTAGON: The Army, Air Force, and Navy may be only three years away from a 300-kilowatt laser weapon, one powerful enough to shoot down cruise missiles — using the same basic technology as the checkout counter at your local supermarket.

... Industry has proposed several designs that “have all been demonstrated at lower power levels, 50 to 150 kilowatts,” Karr said. Those power levels are enough to burn through drones and rockets, but not larger, faster and tougher targets like cruise missiles.

“We want to have a 300-kilowatt laser by 2022. We’d like to get up to 500 kilowatts by 2024,” he said, “and then, if we still haven’t hit the limit of anything, it’s on to the megawatt class."
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Archimid

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #212 on: December 04, 2019, 02:29:03 AM »
I work on ICs. Integrated Circuits. Commonly known as chips. These are the evil machines that will certainly cause demise of the human race, and the Singularity.

I've worked on these suckers for the past 30 years, and let me tell you a secret :

I still have a job because these machines just don't work unless we tell them what to do.

That's my 2 cts on that subject.

I do not have the experience you do, but the limited experience I have tells me the same thing. AI by itself is as harmless and safe as nuclear energy. In the hands of an evil person or scared government warmongers, the dangers of a purpose-built AI become like the dangers of nuclear weapons.

We should not fear machines that think like humans. We should fear humans directing task-specific thinking machines for nefarious purposes.

I am an energy reservoir seemingly intent on lowering entropy for self preservation.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #213 on: December 04, 2019, 03:49:34 AM »
...
We should not fear machines that think like humans. We should fear humans directing task-specific thinking machines for nefarious purposes.

Elon Musk champions Open AI because he believes the safest way forward is to assure AI is not limited to one side, one military, or one company, etc. 
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #214 on: December 04, 2019, 03:51:36 AM »
Reminder:  all robots are not terrifying killing machines.

NASA Launching RiTS ‘Robot Hotel’ to International Space Station | NASA
Quote
Sometimes robots need a place to stay in space, too. NASA is attaching a “robot hotel” to the outside of the International Space Station with the upcoming launch of the Robotic Tool Stowage (RiTS), a protective storage unit for critical robotic tools.

RiTS is set to launch on Dec. 4 aboard the 19th SpaceX commercial resupply mission. Its first residents will be two Robotic External Leak Locators (RELL). Outfitted with mass spectrometers capable of “sniffing” out the presence of gases such as ammonia, these robotic tools are used to detect leaks from the station. Two RELL units are on board the station right now: the first RELL launched in 2015, and it proved to be such a success that a second RELL was launched as a backup earlier this year.

“For each of its stored tools, RiTS will provide heat and physical protection from radiation and micrometeroids, or tiny, high-speed objects hurtling through space,” said Mark Neuman, RiTS hardware manager. “Its thermal system maintains ideal temperatures for the instruments, helping them stay functional.” Having this housing unit in place will also help the space station’s robotic arm, Dextre, easily locate, grab and put back these important tools. ...
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-launching-rits-a-robot-hotel-to-the-international-space-station
« Last Edit: December 04, 2019, 03:57:22 AM by Sigmetnow »
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #215 on: December 05, 2019, 04:09:50 PM »
Lex Friedman’s Elon Musk interview, Part Two. 
A government overseer like the FAA or the FDA needs to be created before there is an AI calamity.  Neuralink will improve the quality of life in many neurological conditions, from stroke to schizophrenia to paralysis and old age.  ‘Summon’ in parking lots is learning to drive the way humans do — in a confined space, at slow speed.  On highways and stop-and-go traffic, Autopilot is already better than humans.  If consciousness had taken 10% longer to evolve, it would not have occurred at all.

Elon Musk: Neuralink, AI, Autopilot, and the Pale Blue Dot | Artificial Intelligence (AI) Podcast
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #216 on: December 05, 2019, 06:09:02 PM »
Map: The U.S. cities where robots are impacting jobs the most
Quote
The report found robots had the biggest negative impact among workers in manufacturing, where there are about two robots for every 1,000 human workers. Younger manufacturing workers between 16 to 24 years old who did not attend college saw the biggest decrease of job opportunities and wages, as use of robots increased in the workplace.

However, robot adoption seemed to improve the number of job opportunities for others outside of manufacturing. It’s possible that workers displaced by robots were able to find jobs in another industry that paid more.

Additionally, “the adoption of robots could have had a stimulating effect,” Rodgers says. Automation efforts may have increased worker productivity, and wages may have increased as a result.

Overall, the increase of robots at work hasn’t had a major impact on total employment. According to the report, that’s likely because workers displaced by machines have been able to find other lines of work, especially given the recent tight labor market where there are more open jobs than there are people to fill them. The period following the Great Recession also saw historic economic expansion and job growth across the country, so creation of new jobs may have counterbalanced against jobs lost due to automation.

Rodgers notes that this kind of research indicates the need for both workers and employers to continue adapting to new lines of work as the use of robots in the workplace continues to grow.
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/05/map-the-us-cities-where-robots-are-impacting-jobs-the-most.html

Below:  Robot Intensity, by Metropolitan Area (2004-2017 Average)
Robots per 1,000 workers.   Darker red means more.  The average is 0.35.
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

gerontocrat

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #217 on: December 05, 2019, 08:15:06 PM »
A recent study on the USA by The Century Foundation is at...
https://tcf.org/content/report/robots-beginning-affect-workers-wages/?agreed=1.&agreed=1

At the moment the low-paid uneducated doing routine repetitive jobs in industry are most likely to be displaced. No surprise, easy to automate. But 'tis early days yet.
______________________
The quote and table below are 3 years out of date but quite scary (at least to me).

https://ifr.org/ifr-press-releases/news/robot-density-rises-globally
Quote
The top 10 most automated countries in the world are: South Korea, Singapore, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Denmark, USA, Italy, Belgium and Taiwan. This is according to the 2017 World Robot Statistics, issued by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).

“Robot density is an excellent standard for comparison in order to take into account the differences in the automation degree of the manufacturing industry in various countries,” says Junji Tsuda, President of the International Federation of Robotics. “As a result of the high volume of robot installations in Asia in recent years, the region has the highest growth rate. Between 2010 and 2016, the average annual growth rate of robot density in Asia was 9 percent, in the Americas 7 percent and in Europe 5 percent.”

The development of robot density in China was the most dynamic in the world. Due to the significant growth of robot installations, particularly between 2013 and 2016, the density rate rose from 25 units in 2013 to 68 units in 2016. Today, China’s robot density ranks 23rd worldwide. And the government intends to forge ahead and make it into the world’s top 10 most intensively automated nations by 2020. By then, its robot density is targeted to rise to 150 units. Furthermore, the aim is to sell a total of 100,000 domestically produced industrial robots by 2020 (2017: 27,000 units from Chinese robot suppliers, 60,000 from foreign robot suppliers).

Worldwide, the Republic of Korea has by far the highest robot density in the manufacturing industry – a position the country has held since 2010. The country’s robot density exceeds the global average by a good eight-fold (631 units). This high growth rate is the result of continued installations of a high volume of robots particularly in the electrical/electronics industry and in the automotive industry.

"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #218 on: December 06, 2019, 05:57:22 PM »
AI Judges and Verdicts Via Chat App: Brave New World of China's Digital Courts
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-ai-verdicts-chat-app-brave.html

China is encouraging digitisation to streamline case-handling within its sprawling court system using cyberspace and technologies like blockchain and cloud computing, China's Supreme People's Court said in a policy paper.

The efforts include a "mobile court" offered on popular social media platform WeChat that has already handled more than three million legal cases or other judicial procedures since its launch in March, according to the Supreme People's Court.

In a demonstration, authorities showed how the Hangzhou Internet Court operates, featuring an online interface with litigants appearing by video chat as an AI judge—complete with on-screen avatar—prompts them to present their cases.

"Does the defendant have any objection to the nature of the judicial blockchain evidence submitted by the plaintiff?" the black-robed virtual judge sitting under China's national emblem asked in a pre-trial meeting.

"No objection," a human plaintiff answered.



Since the Hangzhou court's establishment, China has set up similar chambers in Beijing and the southern metropolis of Guangzhou.

Together, they have accepted a total of 118,764 cases, and concluded 88,401, the Supreme People's Court said.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #219 on: December 06, 2019, 06:04:43 PM »
Accel Robotics Gets $30 Million Investment for AI-Enabled Cashierless Stores
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-startup-cashierless-storesand-30m.html

A technology startup in San Diego has just raised $30 million from investors to continue building out its software for cashier-less, "grab-and-go" stores. The model, popularized by Amazon Go, allows shoppers to simply walk into a store, grab items from the shelves, and walk out—with the receipt sent directly to their mobile device.

The startup, Accel Robotics, is developing computer vision software—along with cameras, sensors and store equipment—to make this concept work. In fact, the startup can build out an entire modular store for its customers, preloaded with the computer brains to enable a "checkout-free" experience.

Accel has a lot of competition in the world of grab-and-go retail tech. Technology titan Amazon recently announced big ambitions for the cashier-less store model, with plans to expand to larger formats and license the technology out to other retailers. Plus, Amazon is joined by a slew of technology startups looking to create cashier-less checkout systems, including Trigo, Grabango and Standard Cognition.

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AI-Enabled Assistant Robot Returning to the Space Station with Improved Emotional Intelligence
https://techcrunch.com/2019/12/05/ai-enabled-assistant-robot-will-return-to-the-space-station-with-improved-emotional-intelligence/

The Crew Interactive Mobile Companion (or CIMON, for short) recorded a number of firsts on its initial mission to the International Space Station, which took place last November, including becoming the first-ever autonomous free-floating robot to operate aboard the station, and the first-ever smart astronaut assistant. But CIMON is much more than an Alexa for space, and CIMON-2, which launched aboard today’s SpaceX ISS resupply mission, will demonstrate a number of ways the astronaut support robot can help those working in space — from both a practical and an emotional angle.

... So for example, on the artificial intelligence side, we have something called emotional intelligence, based on our IBM Watson Tone Analyzer, with we’re trying to understand and analyze the emotions during a conversation between CIMON and the astronauts to see how they’re feeling — if they’re feeling joyful, if something makes them angry, and so on.”

That, Biniok says, could help evolve CIMON into a robotic countermeasure for something called “groupthink,” a phenomenon wherein a group of people who work closely together gradually have all their opinions migrate toward consensus or similarity. A CIMON with proper emotional intelligence could detect when this might be occurring, and react by either providing an objective, neutral view — or even potentially taking on a contrarian or “Devil’s advocate” perspective, Biniok says.



--------------------------------

Facebook Taught an AI the 'Theory of Mind'
https://www.engadget.com/2019/12/06/facebook-taught-an-ai-the-theory-of-mind/

When it comes to competitive games, AI systems have already shown they can easily mop the floor with the best humanity has to offer. But life in the real world isn't a zero sum game like poker or Starcraft and we need AI to work with us, not against us. That's why a research team from Facebook taught an AI how to play the cooperative card game Hanabi (the Japanese word for fireworks), to gain a better understanding of how humans think.

Specifically, the Facebook team set out to instill upon its AI system the theory of mind. "Theory of mind is this idea of understanding the beliefs and intentions of other agents or other players or humans," Noam Brown, a researcher at Facebook AI, told Engadget. "It's something that humans developed from a very early age. But one AIs have struggled with for a very long time."

"It's trying to put itself in the shoes of the other players and ask why are they taking these actions," Brown continued, "and being able to infer something about the state of the world that it can't directly observe."

"What we're looking at is artificial agents that can reason better about cooperative interactions with humans and chatbots that can reason about why the person they're chatting with said the thing they did," ... "Chatbots that can reason better about why people say the things they do without having to enumerate every detail of what they're asking for is a very straightforward application of this type of search technique."

“One of the really exciting things about this is that the improvement we’re observing is really orthogonal to the improvements that are being observed with deep reinforcement learning: You can add this on top of any strategy, and it will make it much stronger,” Brown said



--------------------------



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Intel’s Neuromorphic Loihi Processor Scales to 8M Neurons, 64 Cores
https://www.extremetech.com/computing/295043-intels-neuromorphic-loihi-processor-scales-to-8m-neurons-64-cores

Intel has announced a significant advance for its neuromorphic research processor, codenamed Loihi. The company has now scaled up its Loihi implementation to the 64-processor level, allowing it to create a system with more than 8M neurons (8.3M). This new configuration (codenamed Pohoiki Beach) delivers 1,000x better performance than conventional CPUs

... Neuromorphic computing is a subset of computing that attempts to mimic the brain’s architecture using modern technological analogues. Instead of implementing a typical CPU clock, for example. Loihi is based on a spiking neural network architecture. The basic Loihi processor contains 128 neuromorphic cores, three Lakefield (Intel Quark) CPU cores, and an off-chip communication network. In theory, Loihi can scale all the way up to 4,096 on-chip cores and 16,384 chips.

« Last Edit: December 06, 2019, 07:15:45 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #220 on: December 06, 2019, 10:26:50 PM »
Japanese Researchers Teaching Robots to Repair Themselves
https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/robotics-hardware/japanese-researchers-teaching-robots-to-repair-themselves



At Humanoids 2019 in Toronto, researchers from the University of Tokyo showed how they taught a PR2 to perform simple repairs on itself by tightening its own screws. And using that skill, the robot was also able to augment itself, adding accessories like hooks to help it carry more stuff. Clever robot!

It can also check its screws autonomously from time to time, or rely on a human physically pointing out that it has a screw loose, using the human’s finger location to identify which screw it is. Another challenge is that most robots, like most humans, are limited in the areas on themselves that they can comfortably reach. So to tighten up everything, they might have to find themselves a robot friend to help.

The other neat trick that a robot can do once it can tighten screws on its own body is to add new bits of hardware to itself. PR2 was thoughtfully designed with mounting points on its shoulders (or maybe technically its neck) and head, and it turns out that it can reach these points with its manipulators, allowing to modify itself.

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #221 on: December 07, 2019, 06:54:51 PM »
Remember; the X-Files was a documentary ...

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Israeli Researchers Manipulate Memories in Mice, Say Could Apply to Humans
https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-researchers-manipulate-memories-in-mice-say-could-apply-to-humans-610174

A team of Israeli researchers have succeeded in implanting emotions in mice that were never experienced.

"We were able, for the first time, to cause mice to assign a negative value to an event that never took place, and accordingly, to remember a feeling that was not experienced in reality," said University of Haifa PhD student Haneed Kayyal, who led the study with postdoctoral fellow Dr. Adonis Yiannaks.

Specifically, in a three-part study, the scientists identified a neural pathway in the brain that determines whether a particular taste will have a positive or negative emotional value (impacting future consumption), and to use these neurons to erase or transplant memories that were never experienced in reality.

Since these neural pathways are highly similar across mammals, including mice and humans, the researchers believe the study will be applicable in people, too.



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Soft Neural Implant Allows Scientists to Manipulate Brain Cells via Smartphone
https://www.dezeen.com/2019/11/22/brain-neural-implant-smartphone/

...For neuroscience researchers, the main advantage of the new wireless implant is ease of use. The inventors describe its replaceable drug cartridges as "Lego-like" and "plug-and-play", while set-up happens over an "elegant, simple" smartphone interface.

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... and because it's the Holiday season



Helping New York celebrate the festive season, twelve ABB robots are interacting with visitors to Bloomingdale’s iconic holiday celebration at their 59th Street flagship store. ABB’s robots are the main attraction in three of Bloomingdale’s twelve-holiday window displays at Lexington and Third Avenue, as ABB demonstrates the potential for its robotics and automation technology to revolutionize visual merchandising and make the retail experience more dynamic and whimsical. (... aww ... just like grandma used to do  ;) )

« Last Edit: December 07, 2019, 07:14:39 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #222 on: December 07, 2019, 07:03:08 PM »


From fears about work and privacy to a rivalry between the U.S. and China, FRONTLINE explores the promise and perils of AI. The documentary traces a new industrial revolution that will reshape and disrupt our lives, our jobs and our world, and allow the emergence of the surveillance society.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

gerontocrat

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #223 on: December 07, 2019, 09:09:18 PM »
I was hoping I would be dead before someone would do something really, really stupid with AI and robots.

Unfortunately, progress has been far too rapid in developing capability.
Some general somewhere.......
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #224 on: December 07, 2019, 10:59:28 PM »
^

Like Archimid mentioned above, the problem with AI is not that it's inherently malicious, but, rather, it's goals may not align with ours.

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Shall We Play a Game? A game about AI making paperclips and unintended consequences
https://www.theverge.com/platform/amp/tldr/2017/10/11/16457742/ai-paperclips-thought-experiment-game-frank-lantz
https://wiki.lesswrong.com/wiki/Paperclip_maximizer



Quote
... The AI does not hate you, nor does it love you, but you are made out of atoms which it can use for something else.

—Eliezer Yudkowsky, Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factor in Global Risk

The paperclip maximizer is the canonical thought experiment showing how an artificial general intelligence, even one designed competently and without malice, could ultimately destroy humanity. The thought experiment shows that AIs with apparently innocuous values could pose an existential threat.

The paperclip maximizer illustrates that an entity can be a powerful optimizer—an intelligence—without sharing any of the complex mix of human terminal values, such as life, love, and variety, which developed under the particular selection pressures found in our environment of evolutionary adaptation, and that an AGI that is not specifically programmed to be benevolent to humans will be almost as dangerous as if it were designed to be malevolent.

Any future AGI, if it is not to destroy us, must have human values as its terminal value (goal). Human values don't spontaneously emerge in a generic optimization process. A safe AI would therefore have to be programmed explicitly with human values or programmed with the ability (including the goal) of inferring human values.

The goal of maximizing paperclips is chosen for illustrative purposes because it is very unlikely to be implemented, and has little apparent danger or emotional load (in contrast to, for example, curing cancer or winning wars). This produces a thought experiment which shows the contingency of human values: An extremely powerful optimizer (a highly intelligent agent) could seek goals that are completely alien to ours (orthogonality thesis), and as a side-effect destroy us by consuming resources essential to our survival.

Game: https://www.decisionproblem.com/paperclips/



 ... You’ll start off making them the old fashioned way: one clip for one click. But pretty soon you’ll be purchasing autoclippers to do the work for you while you turn your attentions to running an algorithmic hedge fund, then building a quantum computer, and then (much later) exploring the known Universe in search of new matter to turn into more and more paperclips.

... Paperclips is essentially a game about balance and efficiency.
https://www.google.com/amp/s/lifehacker.com/universal-paperclips-guide-3-tips-for-beating-the-addi-1819801757/amp
« Last Edit: December 08, 2019, 01:05:52 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #225 on: December 08, 2019, 05:26:20 PM »
“Financial machine learning creates a number of challenges for the 6.14 million people employed in the finance and insurance industry, many of whom will lose their jobs — not necessarily because they are replaced by machines, but because they are not trained to work alongside algorithms.”

Financial industry fears AI could decimate high-paying positions
https://www.axios.com/financial-artificial-intelligence-jobs-a78ada3e-26f0-45a6-93be-5d00996c5b3a.html
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #226 on: December 09, 2019, 01:31:45 AM »
Algorithm to Complete Beethoven's Unfinished Symphony
https://dw.com/en/algorithm-to-complete-beethovens-unfinished-symphony/a-51577665

Musician and software developers have created an algorithm that will take over where Beethoven left off, and finish the composer's uncompleted tenth symphony, Germany's Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung (FAZ) reported Sunday.

The algorithm-composed symphony will be performed in April by the Bonn Beethoven Orchestra for Beethoven Year 2020, celebrating the composer's 250th birthday. The developers still have some work to do.

Röder, director of the Austrian music technology hub Karajan Institute, has led an international team of musicologists, composers and IT specialists since summer 2019 to develop an algorithm that thinks like Beethoven.

... Röder told FAZ the first few tests in summer were challenging. After a few bars, the program was supposed to take over and improvise, but it ended up playing endless loop of sounds.

"It sounded more like Stravinsky than Beethoven," said Röder, adding that now the program has an idea of what Beethoven is supposed to sound like. The algorithm also needs to predict the blend of surprise and consistency that creates rich compositions.

During a test with music experts in November at the Beethoven House in Bonn, a few bars of the tenth were played, until the algorithm took over for over a minute with an improvised interpretation.

"No machine has ever made it this long before," said music technologist Röder. "This is unparalleled."

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #227 on: December 09, 2019, 07:09:55 PM »
Quit Worrying About Killer Robots, They Are Coming Whether You Like It or Not – and They Absolutely Will Not Stop
https://www.theregister.co.uk/AMP/2019/05/15/lethal_ai_weapons/

The use of fully automated AI systems in military battles is inevitable unless there are strict regulations in place from international treaties, eggheads have opined.

Their paper, which popped up on arXiv [PDF] last week, discusses the grim outlook of developing killing machines for armed forces. The idea of keeping humans in the loop has always been favoured because modern AI systems like neural networks are like black boxes, their inner workings are inherently difficult to understand. Plus, you know, we've all seen Terminator.

Having said that, the trio of researchers – who hail from ASRC Federal, a company focused on supporting US federal intelligence and defense agencies, and the University of Maryland in the US – believe lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS) could be employed by the military, anyway.

“We explore the implications of increasingly capable AI in the kill chain and how this will lead inevitably to a fully automated, always on system, barring regulation by treaty,” the abstract of the paper – Integrating Artificial Intelligence into Weapon Systems – stated.

... Eventually, the machines will gradually push the humans out of the loop. First, they stand in supervisory roles and finally they’ll end up as “killswitch operators” that monitor these autonomous weapons. Machines can be much faster than humans. The act of killing an enemy is based on reflexes, and if soldiers realise that these types of tools can outperform them, they’ll eventually come to trust and rely on them.

... “It is our strong belief that intelligent weapons systems of the future will move and think at machine speed. This disproportionate capability and the inevitable system trust human operators will place in these machines means that most if not all lethal and sub-lethal interactions will only be analyzable in hindsight,” the paper said.

As these systems advance, the ones that rely less on human supervision will dominate. Instead, humans will be given other roles such as analyzing the behavior of these systems and concentrating on other strategic areas.

DARPA, the US military research arm, for example wants to develop fighter jets that can perform combat maneuvers for dogfighting autonomously. If it succeeds, human pilots will be able to trust their planes to do things dodging enemy fire to keep them safe. As the technology improves, the jets may be able to perform other tasks too like aiming and firing missiles mid air.

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1905.03899.pdf



---------------------------

The Air Combat Evolution (ACE) program seeks to create military planes that are capable of performing combat maneuvers for dogfighting without the help of human pilots. Vehicles won’t be completely unmanned, however. DARPA is more interested in forging stronger teamwork between humans and machines.

https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/05/09/ai_fighter_planes_darpa/

The end goal is to have autonomous jet controls that can handle tasks like dodging out the way of enemy fire at lightning speeds, while the pilot takes on more difficult problems like executing strategic battle commands and firing off weapons. (... a plane can take 12 G, can the pilot?)

“We envision a future in which AI handles the split-second maneuvering during within-visual-range dogfights, keeping pilots safer and more effective as they orchestrate large numbers of unmanned systems into a web of overwhelming combat effects,” said Lieutenant Colonel Dan Javorsek, ACE program manager.

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https://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/robots/a29610393/robot-soldier-boston-dynamics/

[/parody]  8)

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Air France Hopes to Reduce Delays With Self-Driving Luggage Carts
https://gizmodo.com/air-france-hopes-to-reduce-delays-with-self-driving-lug-1840313455

« Last Edit: December 09, 2019, 07:40:37 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late