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Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #50 on: July 17, 2019, 08:05:32 PM »
Neuralink presentation last night

Here’s How Elon Musk Plans to Put a Computer in Your Brain | WIRED
https://www.wired.com/story/heres-how-elon-musk-plans-to-stitch-a-computer-into-your-brain/


Presentation starts well into the link below, after the video shown around 1:30:00 (Musk shows the video again later.)
Thousands of flexible threads (rather than metal electrodes), the size of a neuron!  No major surgery;  implantation could be done under local anesthesia.  “Like LASIK.”  Too small for human hands to manipulate — so a computerized surgical robot implants one thread at a time, able to avoid hitting blood vessels, even as the brain tissue moves during breathing and heartbeats.  No wires sticking out of your head; system on a chip + Bluetooth allows using the device at home using a smartphone, not just in a lab.  First patients will likely be quadriplegics.

Neuralink Livestream - YouTube

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Archimid

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #51 on: July 18, 2019, 11:32:56 AM »
On Topic:

I am an energy reservoir seemingly intent on lowering entropy for self preservation.

DrTskoul

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #52 on: July 18, 2019, 01:40:02 PM »
He must be agent of the Borg

bligh8

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #53 on: July 18, 2019, 01:59:49 PM »
Clean-up needed in aisle seven (political threads). ;)

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #54 on: July 18, 2019, 07:06:39 PM »
This long but fun (and Elon-approved) read from 2017 is still probably the best introduction to Neuralink.

Neuralink and the Brain's Magical Future — Wait But Why
https://waitbutwhy.com/2017/04/neuralink.html
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Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #55 on: July 23, 2019, 04:35:24 PM »
At least the autonomous delivery vehicles won’t eat our food. ;D

Quote
Ross Gerber (@GerberKawasaki) 7/22/19, 8:44 PM
Uber eats just called me to tell me my food is not coming and I can reorder it. And they won’t charge me for the order that’s not coming. The driver took off with my food or something. Wtf @Uber ? #UberEATS $uber
https://twitter.com/gerberkawasaki/status/1153466002077708288
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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #56 on: July 23, 2019, 05:36:21 PM »
Microsoft Wants To Build Artificial General Intelligence (AGI): An AI Better Than Humans At Everything
https://www.vox.com/2019/7/22/20704184/microsoft-open-ai-billion-investment-artificial-intelligence



Existing AI systems beat humans at lots of narrow tasks — chess, Go, Starcraft, image generation — and they’re catching up to humans at others, like translation and news reporting. But an artificial general intelligence would be one system with the capacity to surpass us at all of those things. Enthusiasts argue that it would enable centuries of technological advances to arrive, effectively, all at once — transforming medicine, food production, green technologies, and everything else in sight.

Others warn that, if poorly designed, it could be a catastrophe for humans in a few different ways. A sufficiently advanced AI could pursue a goal that we hadn’t intended — a recipe for catastrophe. It could turn out unexpectedly impossible to correct once running. Or it could be maliciously used by a small group of people to harm others. Or it could just make the rich richer and leave the rest of humanity even further in the dust.

“To accomplish our mission of ensuring that AGI (whether built by us or not) benefits all of humanity,” Brockman says in the release, “we’ll need to ensure that AGI is deployed safely and securely; that society is well-prepared for its implications; and that its economic upside is widely shared.”

Musk and others have warned that artificial intelligence could pose risks to humanity if mismanaged, allowing the potential emergence of "Terminator"-type killer robots, for example.

OpenAI researchers early this year announced they had developed an automatic text generator using artificial intelligence so good that it was keeping details private.

So how far away is AGI? ... Some estimate that we’re only a decade away ...



-----------------------------------

2019: Intel’s Neuromorphic System Hits 8 Million Neurons, 100 Million Coming by 2020
https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/robotics/artificial-intelligence/intels-neuromorphic-system-hits-8-million-neurons-100-million-coming-by-2020

... Going from a single-Loihi to 64 of them is more of a software issue than a hardware one. “We designed scalability into the Loihi chip from the beginning,” says Davies. “The chip has a hierarchical routing interface…which allows us to scale to up to 16,000 chips. So 64 is just the next step.” (16,000 chips = 4 Billion neurons = 21–26 billion neurons in the cerebral cortex)

2018: US Air Force to Use New Neuromorphic Supercomputer for AI Research
https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/251506-ibm-teaming-us-air-force-build-neuromorphic-supercomputer
https://www.aviationtoday.com/2018/08/03/air-force-use-new-neuromorphic-supercomputer-ai-research/

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Robot Roadmap: US Army’s Newest Command Sketches Priorities
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/07/robot-roadmap-us-armys-newest-command-sketches-priorities/158572/



... Jette said the Army’s research goal is the ability to move soldiers farther away from the field than remote-operated robots would allow, or as Jette put it, “the insertion of AI and the reduction of manpower necessary to accomplish the mission task, without having the soldier there. We need to move farther forward on that.”
« Last Edit: July 23, 2019, 06:03:00 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #57 on: July 23, 2019, 06:30:23 PM »
Very disturbing to note all of the military applications.


The journey to self driving vehicles began as a DARPA project.
Terry

SteveMDFP

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #58 on: July 23, 2019, 07:09:00 PM »
Microsoft Wants To Build Artificial General Intelligence (AGI): An AI Better Than Humans At Everything
https://www.vox.com/2019/7/22/20704184/microsoft-open-ai-billion-investment-artificial-intelligence
...
“To accomplish our mission of ensuring that AGI (whether built by us or not) benefits all of humanity,” Brockman says in the release, “we’ll need to ensure that AGI is deployed safely and securely; that society is well-prepared for its implications; and that its economic upside is widely shared.”

Snort.  I don't know what *will* happen with AI, but I'm quite confident this will *not* happen.

AI will initially be the province of financial speculators, military organizations, and national security agencies.  I'm confident that a large fraction of all investments are currently managed by AI systems.  And that these AI-based funds are eating the lunch of human investors and savers.

The military and security organizations' use of AI is something that may never be revealed.

Our only clue may be that the modern world becomes ever more difficult to predict or understand, and that the "winners" among us have inexplicable "luck."

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #59 on: July 23, 2019, 07:22:47 PM »
^^Ramen Steve!


I believe Cambridge Analytica and their clones have already used AI to sway elections.


Democracy of the people becomes the Democracy of the machines & the people just wonder how their neighbors could have elected such asses.
Terry

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #60 on: July 23, 2019, 09:14:35 PM »
Quote
AI will initially be is already the province of financial speculators, military organizations, and national security agencies.  I'm confident that a large fraction of all investments are currently managed by AI systems.  And that these AI-based funds are eating the lunch of human investors and savers.
Fixed that for you  :)

Everything you listed has been operational at least 3-5 years ago

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A New Industrial Base Is Taking Shape. Call It the Military-AI Complex.
https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2019/06/new-industrial-base-taking-shape-call-it-military-ai-complex/157503/

The world is on the doorstep of an artificial intelligence- and robotics-driven revolution in conflict that, after decades of looming just over the horizon, now is a near-term certainty. Just as industrial-age tanks and machine guns devastated World War I battlefields and the U.S. Air Force’s GPS-guided weapons headlined the 1991 Gulf War, social media algorithms and AI-equipped robotic swarms will decide conflicts. Data is not just the new oil, as the saying goes. Data is also the new ammunition.

The Pentagon is preparing accordingly, doing everything from standing up an Army Futures Command to engaging technology luminaries with the Defense Innovation Board to establishing a Joint Artificial Intelligence Center to reforming mid-tier acquisitions policy.

-----------------------------

Inside DARPA’s Ambitious ‘AI Next’ Program
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/03/inside-pentagons-big-plans-develop-trustworthy-artificial-intelligence/155427/

Last year, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency kicked off the AI Next campaign, a $2 billion effort to build artificial intelligence tools capable of human-like communication and logical reasoning that far surpass the abilities of today’s most advanced tech. Included in the agency’s portfolio are efforts to automate the scientific process, create computers with common sense, study the tech implications of insect brains and link military systems to the human body.

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Report: Weapons AI Increasingly Replacing, Not Augmenting, Human Decision Making
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2016/09/report-weapons-ai-increasingly-replacing-not-augmenting-human-decision-making/131826/

A new survey of existing and planned smart weapons finds that AI is increasingly used to replace humans, not help them.

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The Pentagon Wants AI to Take Over the Scientific Process
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2018/08/pentagon-wants-ai-take-over-scientific-process/150810/
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-ramanujan-machine-automatically-conjectures-fundamental.html

The Pentagon’s research arm is looking for teams to build an artificial intelligence tool that can automatically generate, test and refine its own scientific hypotheses.

By essentially automating steps of the scientific process, the tool would let top decision-makers take discoveries from the lab and rapidly apply them to the real world, according to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

-------------------------

DARPA Thinks AI Could Help Troops Telepathically Control Machines
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/02/darpa-thinks-ai-could-help-troops-telepathically-control-machines/154937/

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency recently began recruiting teams to research how AI tools could augment and enhance “next-generation neurotechnology.” Through the program, officials ultimately aim to build AI into neural interfaces, a technology that lets people control, feel and interact with remote machines as though they were a part of their own body.

Impossible as they may sound, neural interfaces have already been used to allow people to control prosthetic limbs, translate thoughts into text, and telepathically fly drones. Through the Intelligent Neural Interfaces program, DARPA will explore how AI can make these systems more durable, efficient and effective.

------------------------------

The Army Wants AI to Read Soldiers’ Minds
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/04/army-wants-ai-read-soldiers-minds/156147/

“Part of our vision is closing the loop between the system and the warfighter,” Mike LaFiandra, chief of the dismounted warrior branch at Army Research Laboratory, or ARL, said at a 2017 NDIA event. Let the system understand what’s happening with the warfighter, make that more a symbiotic relationship where the system is predicting based on this warfighter’s physiology, And the system knows because its been training with him for years, this is what we expect is going to happen soon and this is the specific mitigation strategy that that warfighter needs to do better.” 

Army scientists last week published a new study in the journal Science Advances, showing the future of that exchange, the ability of machines to better understand their operators’ thoughts and intent based on what the operator’s brain is doing. ... “If we could understand how brains are changing as expertise is acquired, then we could quantify the timescale of expertise development,” she said.

It might be possible, says Vettel, to actually know when someone has absorbed new information based on how their brain states are changing. That could enable human beings to learn far faster than they learn today… but not faster than the machines around them. (I Know Kung-Fu)

---------------------------

The Pentagon’s New Artificial Intelligence Is Already Hunting Terrorists
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/12/pentagons-new-artificial-intelligence-already-hunting-terrorists/144742/

----------------------------

DeepMind's AI Has Learnt to Become 'Highly Aggressive' When It Feels Like It's Going to Lose

What happens if one AI’s aims conflict with another’s? Will they fight, or work together?

Google’s AI subsidiary DeepMind has been exploring this problem in a new study published today. The company’s researchers decided to test how AI agents interacted with one another in a series of “social dilemmas.” This is a rather generic term for situations in which individuals can profit from being selfish — but where everyone loses if everyone is selfish. The most famous example of this is the prisoner’s dilemma, where two individuals can choose to betray one another for a prize, but lose out if both choose this option.

They found that Artificial Intelligence changes the way it behaves based on the environment it is in, much like humans do.

... After 40 million in-game steps, they found the agents learnt "highly aggressive" policies when there were few resources with the possibility of a costly action (not getting a reward). "Less aggressive policies emerge from learning in relatively abundant environments with less possibility for costly action," the paper says. "The greed motivation reflects the temptation to take out a rival and collect all the resources oneself."
« Last Edit: July 23, 2019, 09:46:32 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

DaveHitz

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #61 on: July 24, 2019, 05:01:18 AM »

They found that Artificial Intelligence changes the way it behaves based on the environment it is in, much like humans do.

... After 40 million in-game steps, they found the agents learnt "highly aggressive" policies when there were few resources with the possibility of a costly action (not getting a reward). "Less aggressive policies emerge from learning in relatively abundant environments with less possibility for costly action," the paper says. "The greed motivation reflects the temptation to take out a rival and collect all the resources oneself."

I think this is exactly what's going on today in human societies. People may say that they don't believe in climate change, but they still have a sense that the shit is going to hit the fan. There will be a weather crisis, a food crisis, and a refuge crisis. Just like the AI's, they are adopting "highly aggressive policies" because they fear that there will be "few resources with the possibility of a costly action (not getting a reward)."

We see this time and time again in human history. When the going gets tough, people form in-groups and attempt to keep the goodies to themselves. Why? Because that's actually a policy what works. If you believe that many will die, why not work to be part of the living group? That means demonizing some other group so that they can die in your place.

I still have a fantasy that we'll manage to work things out, go electric and renewable and not kill everybody. But I do have pessimistic moments.

The good news is, it sounds like the AIs are researching the best strategies so that they can survive even if humans don't.

Tom_Mazanec

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SHARKS (CROSSED OUT) MONGEESE (SIC) WITH FRICKIN LASER BEAMS ATTACHED TO THEIR HEADS

SteveMDFP

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #63 on: July 29, 2019, 10:48:33 PM »
Energy consumption of AI:
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614005/ai-computing-cloud-computing-microchips/

So AI energy consumption isn't that large now, but could become problematic.
In terms of energy use for computing, there's a lot of low-hanging fruit to address, like BitCoin mining and video streaming (Netflix, YouTube, and the like):

Streaming online pornography produces as much CO2 as Belgium
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2209569-streaming-online-pornography-produces-as-much-co2-as-belgium/

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #64 on: July 29, 2019, 10:56:04 PM »
If AI replaces workers, energy consumption might be a net negative.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #65 on: August 01, 2019, 05:54:32 PM »
One Chip to Rule Them All: It Natively Runs All Types of AI Software
https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/07/one-chip-to-rule-them-all-it-natively-runs-all-types-of-ai-software/

Machine learning and artificial neurons right at home on a single chip.



We tend to think of AI as a monolithic entity, but it has actually developed along multiple branches. One of the main branches involves performing traditional calculations but feeding the results into another layer that takes input from multiple calculations and weighs them before performing its calculations and forwarding those on. Another branch involves mimicking the behavior of traditional neurons: many small units communicating in bursts of activity called spikes, and keeping track of the history of past activity.

Each of these, in turn, has different branches based on the structure of its layers and communications networks, types of calculations performed, and so on. Rather than being able to act in a manner we would recognize as intelligent, many of these are very good at specialized problems, like pattern recognition or playing poker. And processors that are meant to accelerate the performance of the software can typically only improve a subset of them.

That last division may have come to an end with the development of Tianjic by a large team of researchers primarily based in China. Tianjic is engineered so that its individual processing units can switch from spiking communications back to binary and perform a large range of calculations, in almost all cases faster and more efficiently than a GPU can. To demonstrate the chip's abilities, the researchers threw together a self-driving bicycle that ran three different AI algorithms on a single chip simultaneously.



... The researchers posit this as a route to a General Intelligence AI.

In a lot of ways, Tianjic does resemble a brain: the brain uses a single architecture (the neuron) to host a variety of different processes that, collectively, make sense of the world and plan actions that respond to it. To an extent, the researchers are right that being able to run and integrate multiple algorithms at once is a path toward something like that. ...


----------------------------

'Crowdworking' Provides the Humans Who Train Artificial Intelligence
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-07-crowdworking-humans-artificial-intelligence.html

« Last Edit: August 01, 2019, 06:01:53 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

blumenkraft

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #66 on: August 13, 2019, 06:42:09 PM »
George Hotz: Comma.ai, OpenPilot, and Autonomous Vehicles

Refugees welcome

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #67 on: August 14, 2019, 05:02:05 PM »
Playing god: Japan temple puts faith in robot priest
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-08-god-japan-temple-faith-robot.html
799 × 480


The android Kannon, based on the Buddhist deity of mercy, preaches sermons at Kodaiji temple in Kyoto, and its human colleagues predict that with artificial intelligence it could one day acquire unlimited wisdom.

"This robot will never die, it will just keep updating itself and evolving," said priest Tensho Goto


"That's the beauty of a robot. It can store knowledge forever and limitlessly.

"With AI we hope it will grow in wisdom to help people overcome even the most difficult troubles. It's changing Buddhism," added Goto.

The adult-sized robot began service earlier this year and is able to move its torso, arms and head.

But only its hands, face and shoulders are covered in silicone to replicate human skin.

Clasping its hands together in prayer and speaking in soothing tones, the rest of the droid's mechanical parts are clearly visible.

"You cling to a sense of selfish ego," it warns worshippers. "Worldly desires are nothing other than a mind lost at sea."

... "Westerners have been the most upset by the robot," said Goto, noting largely positive feedback from Japanese visitors.

-----------------------------

Brings to mind...


OMM 0000 - THX 1138 (1971)

OMM 0000: ... You are a true believer. Blessings of the state, blessings of the masses. Thou art a subject of the divine. Created in the image of man, by the masses, for the masses.
Let us be thankful we have commerce. Buy more. Buy more now. Buy more and be happy.
« Last Edit: August 14, 2019, 07:32:35 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

blumenkraft

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #68 on: August 14, 2019, 06:33:06 PM »
In 7½ million years the robot priest will tell mankind:

42
Refugees welcome

petm

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #69 on: August 14, 2019, 07:29:04 PM »
"Westerners have been the most upset by the robot," said Goto, noting largely positive feedback from Japanese visitors.

That is interesting isn't it.

https://youtu.be/HQBp-59Nyws?t=50

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #70 on: August 14, 2019, 10:14:24 PM »
I'm reporting this to FSM. 8)
Ramen
Terry

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #71 on: August 17, 2019, 08:12:31 PM »
Navy Issues Draft Request for Proposal for Large Unmanned Surface Vehicle
https://news.usni.org/2019/08/14/navy-issues-draft-request-for-proposal-for-large-unmanned-surface-vehicle



The Navy has put a call out to industry to send in ideas for its planned fleet of corvette-sized unmanned surface vehicles (USV), according to a draft request for proposal announced on Wednesday.

“The LUSV will be a high-endurance, reconfigurable ship able to accommodate various payloads for unmanned missions to augment the Navy’s manned surface force,” read a summary of the program. “With a large payload capacity, the LUSV will be designed to conduct a variety of warfare operations independently or in conjunction with manned surface combatants. The LUSV will be capable of semi-autonomous or fully autonomous operation, with operators in-the-loop (controlling remotely) or on-the-loop (enabled through autonomy).”

As part of the fiscal year 2020 budget, the Navy asked for $400 million to build two LUSVs that are about 200 to 300 feet in length with a displacement of about 2,000 tons as a research and development program, officials told USNI News earlier this year.

For its part, Navy leaders have said they’ve wargamed the unmanned surface concept to the point where they want to put prototypes to sea.

We’re at the point where we really have to get them out there to start understanding how tough are these things, how robust, and how are they going to integrate with the fleet, what kind of policies are going to surround these systems when you start talking about potentially separating weapons from humans,” Vice Adm. Bill Merz, then deputy chief of naval operations for warfare systems (OPNAV N9), told USNI News in April.

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Air Force's Secretive XQ-58A Valkyrie Experimental Combat Drone Emerges After First Flight
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/26825/air-forces-secretive-xq-58a-valkyrie-experimental-combat-drone-emerges-after-first-flight


“XQ-58A is the first example of a class of UAV that is defined by low procurement and operating costs while providing game changing combat capability,” said Doug Szczublewski, AFRL’s XQ-58A Program Manager.

... The XQ-58A very likely represents the low-end on the USAF's shadowy UCAV programs.




--------------------------------------



-----------------------------------

Fighter Jets with Missile-Killing Lasers Take Another Step Toward Reality
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/05/fighter-jets-missile-killing-lasers-take-another-step-toward-reality/156737/

... Flight tests are planned for fiscal 2020. The Air Force contracted weapons maker Lockheed Martin to build the laser in 2017.

U.S. Army Plans To Field the Most Powerful Laser Weapon Yet
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/weapons/a28636854/powerful-laser-weapon/

The U.S. Army is pushing forward with plans for the most powerful laser weapon to date. The Indirect Fires Protection Capability-High Energy Laser (IFPC-HEL) will be a 250 to 300 kilowatt weapon, up to 10 times more powerful than the U.S. Navy’s Laser Weapon System. The power boost should be enough to destroy targets as large as incoming cruise missiles.

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Air Force Tests Contraption That Can Turn Any Plane Into a Robot Plane
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/08/air-force-tests-contraption-can-turn-any-plane-robot-plane/159211/

Air Force scientists have announced that they had tested a robot kit that can turn virtually any plane into a self-piloting drone, through a program called ROBOpilot.

“Imagine being able to rapidly and affordably convert a general aviation aircraft, like a Cessna or Piper, into an unmanned aerial vehicle, having it fly a mission autonomously, and then returning it back to its original manned configuration, ... In theory, the same or a similar technology could be applied to expensive fighter aircraft. And the military has said that the next, sixth-generation fighter will be optionally manned.

------------------------


Video 6 years ago: QF-16 (... it flies autonomously, now)

https://www.uasvision.com/2017/05/19/us-air-force-sends-qf-16s-into-mock-combat/

... “We’ve not only shown how an unmanned combat air vehicle can perform its mission when things go as planned, but also how it will react and adapt to unforeseen obstacles along the way.”

...  By simply replacing a few “line-replaceable unit” circuit boards, maintainers could covert a QF-16 drone into an unmanned combat air vehicle, or UCAV. ... According to Lockheed, the pilotless F-16 autonomously planned and executed its strike mission, reacting to unpredictable enemy air-defenses while also compensating for simulated damage to its own systems and total loss of communication with its human controller.

The Pentagon is also developing what it calls an “arsenal plane” — a B-1 or B-52 heavy bomber modified to launch weapons at targets designated by aircraft, potentially including UCAVs, flying ahead of the bomber. The same principles of manned-unmanned teaming underpinning the Loyal Wingman effort could apply to the arsenal-plane idea, too.

It’s not clear who would authorize the UCAV to drop bombs or fire missiles. U.S. military policy dictates that a human operator authorize a drone to deploy weaponry. Presumably, the pilot in a manned-unmanned formation would be responsible for commanding his robot wingman to open fire. (... SkyNet is in control Now!)

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #72 on: August 17, 2019, 11:54:22 PM »
Robot Bombers carrying Huge bomb loads.


What could possibly go wrong.


Perhaps we should consult JFK's older brother - the one they were grooming for the Presidency.
Terry

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #73 on: August 18, 2019, 01:07:51 AM »
Ah yes; Operation Aphrodite

Things have progressed since then ...

New Artificial Intelligence Beats Air Force Tactical Experts In Combat Simulation
http://magazine.uc.edu/editors_picks/recent_features/alpha.html



Artificial intelligence (AI) developed by a University of Cincinnati doctoral graduate was recently assessed by subject-matter expert and retired United States Air Force Colonel Gene Lee - who holds extensive aerial combat experience as an instructor and Air Battle Manager with considerable fighter aircraft expertise - in a high-fidelity air combat simulator.

The artificial intelligence, dubbed ALPHA, was the victor in that simulated scenario, and according to Lee, is "the most aggressive, responsive, dynamic and credible AI I've seen to date."

Lee, who has been flying in simulators against AI opponents since the early 1980s, said of that first encounter against ALPHA...

Quote
... I was surprised at how aware and reactive it was. It seemed to be aware of my intentions and reacting instantly to my changes in flight and my missile deployment. It knew how to defeat the shot I was taking. It moved instantly between defensive and offensive actions as needed.

He added that with most AIs, "an experienced pilot can beat up on it (the AI) if you know what you're doing. Sure, you might have gotten shot down once in a while by an AI program when you, as a pilot, were trying something new, but, until now, an AI opponent simply could not keep up with anything like the real pressure and pace of combat-like scenarios."

But, now, it's been Lee, who has trained with thousands of U.S. Air Force pilots, flown in several fighter aircraft and graduated from the U.S. Fighter Weapons School (the equivalent of earning an advanced degree in air combat tactics and strategy), as well as other pilots who have been feeling pressured by ALPHA.

And, anymore, when Lee flies against ALPHA in hours-long sessions that mimic real missions, "I go home feeling washed out. I'm tired, drained and mentally exhausted. This may be artificial intelligence, but it represents a real challenge."

Details on ALPHA - a significant breakthrough in the application of what's called genetic-fuzzy systems are published in the most-recent issue of the Journal of Defense Management, as this application is specifically designed for use with Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAVs) in simulated air-combat missions for research purposes.
 
Quote
... ALPHA can take in the entirety of sensor data, organize it, create a complete mapping of a combat scenario and make or change combat decisions for a flight of four fighter aircraft in less than a millisecond. ... Basically, the AI is so fast that it could consider and coordinate the best tactical plan and precise responses, within a dynamic environment, over 250 times faster than ALPHA's human opponents could blink.

ALPHA and its algorithms require no more than the computing power available in a low-budget PC in order to run in real time and quickly react and respond to uncertainty and random events or scenarios.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #74 on: August 22, 2019, 01:08:23 AM »
Cross-posted from https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,776.msg223266.html#msg223266

The US Military’s AI Can’t Find Targets On Its Own — Yet, Top USAF General Says
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/08/ai-cant-find-targets-their-own-yet-top-usaf-general-says/159313/

The Air Combat Command leader says the tools are still learning.

Nearly two years since the Pentagon started bringing artificial intelligence to the battlefield, the algorithms still need human help, a top U.S. Air Force general said Tuesday.

But Gen. Mike Holmes said the technology is getting better at identifying people, cars, and other objects in drone video.

“[W]e’re still in the process of teaching the algorithms to be able to predict what’s there from the data and be as reliable as we would like it to be or as reliable as our teams of people [who] are doing that,” the Air Combat Command leader said Tuesday at a Defense Writers Group breakfast.

... “Those tools are there. We’re starting to use them and experiment with them,” he said. “I don’t think, in general, they’re at the point yet where we’re confident in them operating without having a person following through on it, but I absolutely think that’s where we’re going.”

In June 2018, Holmes called artificial intelligence “a big part of our future and you’ll continue to see that expanded.

Quote
Asked by a reporter if Project Maven is the first step toward Skynet, a fictional artificial network in the Terminator movies, Holmes said: “I certainly hope not.”



-----------------------------

America Needs a “AI Dead Hand”
https://warontherocks.com/2019/08/america-needs-a-dead-hand/


Rational? Rational?

.... To maintain the deterrent value of America’s strategic nuclear forces, the United States may need to develop something that might seem unfathomable — an automated strategic response system based on artificial intelligence.

Admittedly, such a suggestion will generate comparisons to Dr. Strangelove’s doomsday machine, War Games’ War Operation Plan Response, and the Terminator’s Skynet, but the prophetic imagery of these science fiction films is quickly becoming reality. A rational look at the NC3 modernization problem finds that it is compounded by technical threats that are likely to impact strategic forces.

Time compression has placed America’s senior leadership in a situation where the existing NC3 system may not act rapidly enough. Thus, it may be necessary to develop a system based on artificial intelligence, with predetermined response decisions, that detects, decides, and directs strategic forces with such speed that the attack-time compression challenge does not place the United States in an impossible position.

New technologies are shrinking America’s senior-leader decision time to such a narrow window that it may soon be impossible to effectively detect, decide, and direct nuclear force in time. In the wake of a nuclear attack, confusion and paralysis by information and misinformation could occur when the NC3 system is in a degraded state.

It is conceivable that attack-time compression will reorder the process: the president will decide ahead of time what response will take place for a given action and it will then be left to artificial intelligence to detect an attack, decide which response is appropriate (based on previously approved options), and direct an American response. Such a system would differ significantly from the Russian Perimeter system since it would be far more than an automated “dead man” switch — the system itself would determine the response based on its own assessment of the inbound threat.

... There is a[n] option. The United States could develop an NC3 system based on artificial intelligence. Such an approach could overcome the attack-time compression challenge.

DARPA’s Knowledge-directed Artificial Intelligence Reasoning Over Schemas program is an example of how an American NC3 system based on artificial intelligence might function. Fusing the contextual and temporal events of a nuclear attack into an analytic-based artificial intelligence capability may ensure rapid comprehension and in turn generate associated and prompt actionable responses. The biggest challenge for such a system is its ability to learn and adapt.

Artificial intelligence is already being used for target identification, controlling autonomous platforms, pattern recognition, and a number of other wartime tasks. It is capable of processing vast amounts of information very quickly and assessing the pros and cons of alternative actions in a thoroughly unemotional manner.



--------------------------

Meet the Classified Artificial Brain Developed by US Intelligence Programs: IT’S SENTIENT
https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/31/20746926/sentient-national-reconnaissance-office-spy-satellites-artificial-intelligence-ai

Until now, Sentient has been treated as a government secret, except for vague allusions in a few speeches and presentations. But recently released documents — many formerly classified secret or top secret — reveal new details about the program’s goals, progress, and reach.

... The agency has been developing this artificial brain for years, but details available to the public remain scarce. “It ingests high volumes of data and processes it,” says Furgerson. “Sentient catalogs normal patterns, detects anomalies, and helps forecast and model adversaries’ potential courses of action.” The NRO did not provide examples of patterns or anomalies, but one could imagine that things like “not moving a missile” versus “moving a missile” might be on the list. Those forecasts in hand, Sentient could turn satellites’ sensors to the right place at the right time to catch ill will (or whatever else it wants to see) in action. “Sentient is a thinking system,” says Furgerson.
(... think Echelon cubed)

We don’t know, exactly ... which sorts of data sources Sentient may siphon in, but it’s clear that the program is interested in all kinds of information. Retired CIA analyst Allen Thomson goes further. “As I understand it, the intended — and aspirational — answer is ‘everything,’” he says. In addition to images, that could include financial data, weather information, shipping stats, information from Google searches, records of pharmaceutical purchases, social media and more, he says.

... The NRO notes that Sentient doesn’t keep people totally out of the process, providing some kind of check on its state of being. “Having humans in the loop overseeing the intelligence data and information is a key way of monitoring the algorithm’s performance,” says Furgerson. “Sentient is human-aided machine-to-machine learning.”

------------------------------

Office of the Director of National intelligence: Quadrennial Intelligence Community Review
See pg 6: Sentient AI

https://theintercept.com/document/2014/09/05/quadrennial-intelligence-review-final-report-2009/

… (C//REL) ... The Sentient Enterprise will track and manage thousands of exabytes of data every day (1 exabyte is the equivalent of 100,000 times the Library of Congress, which holds 19 million books), enabling iterative assessments in real time, not days or weeks. The data it manages will be universally discoverable, accessible, and usable by humans and machines equally. Indeed, the human-machine interface will allow the individual to interact directly with a unified information architecture. The enterprise will be able to continuously and autonomously process, evaluate, and act on new data without regard to structure or format. The enterprise will log expert users’ interactions with the data, while gleaning new insights from more generalist users. By so doing, the entire enterprise will create, share, and advance corporate knowledge in a rich and seamless interplay where machines and humans learn together.

(U) Sample Key Capabilities
• (C//REL) Automation. The IC would emplace sensors and monitor applications that run autonomous collection of the most relevant data, trigger pattern recognition sequences, and process raw feeds. This would require supercomputer-like capabilities at every “computational point-of-presence,” from computer terminal to digital handheld device. Automation (e.g., in language translation, gisting, relational analysis, and trend assessment) would allow verification and validation of the accuracy of information.

• (U) Artificial Intelligence (AI). Application of advanced AI techniques would make it possible to continuously improve understanding of complex threat environments, discern the relative importance of data, and adapt quickly to changes indicated by sensor data and automated analysis (thus providing indication and warning). This would allow the experts to focus on translating critical information to decision-makers in an effective and time-efficient manner.

• (S//REL) Self-Learning. The institutional knowledge of the Sentient Enterprise would increase the user’s ability to recall events and significant facts to build relational awareness. Simultaneously, the human-machine interface would enable the user to continuously refine the “algorithms” that translate human judgments into machine language so that the system actively learns.

https://www.nro.gov/Portals/65/documents/foia/declass/ForAll/051719/F-2018-00108_C05113686.pdf

https://www.nro.gov/Portals/65/documents/foia/declass/ForAll/051719/F-2018-00108_C05112980.pdf

https://www.nro.gov/Portals/65/documents/foia/declass/ForAll/051719/F-2018-00108_C05113682.pdf
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

petm

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #75 on: August 22, 2019, 04:20:31 AM »
Once the military bots become aware that we are destroying Earth, surely they will destroy us for our own good.  ;)

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #76 on: August 22, 2019, 06:11:25 AM »
Once the military bots become aware that we are destroying Earth, surely they will destroy us for our own good.  ;)
Ramen!
And it's certainly reassuring that the good General "Hopes" that the system which will determine the future of the HUMAN RACE won't turn into an EVIL OVERLORD.
Terry


vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #77 on: August 22, 2019, 05:13:14 PM »

Mind the beverage!

------------------------------

AI is Breathing New Life Into the Intelligence Community
https://www.fedscoop.com/artificial-intelligence-in-the-spying/

... “Reading information to understand its significance is manual labor,” Carmen Medina, former deputy director of intelligence at CIA, said in an interview. It’s a skill agencies like her former employer has liked to hire for, Medina said, and one that she thinks could be done better with the assistance of machines.

“[M]uch of what we have done over the years, and in many cases still do, comes down to this: read stuff, write stuff.” Gartin wrote.

In the age of a datasphere measured in the tens of zettabytes — one of which is 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes — AI will be a needed tool just to even ingest a small fraction of knowable information.

Top CIA officials — who produce the vast majority of the President’s Daily Brief, the IC’s most valuable document — have higher hopes for AI applications in intelligence analysis. AI will give “speed advantage” in data intake and pattern recognition and “enable a high-order human cognition,” Andrew Hallman, deputy director for digital futures at CIA, told FedScoop in June.

... Already some of those capabilities are coming to life. Documents released from National Reconnaissance Office show an AI system dubbed Sentient the agency has been working on for years. Likewise, private companies have been trickling out information on multi-million dollar deals to provide AI capabilities to agencies, from login credentialing to data management.

https://www.dni.gov/files/ODNI/documents/AIM-Strategy.pdf



----------------------

YouTube AI Thought Robot Fighting Was Animal Cruelty
https://www.engadget.com/amp/2019/08/21/youtube-thought-robot-animal-cruelty/

In the latest example of the need for further human moderation, YouTube's automated system took down several videos after mistaking robot fighting matches as animal cruelty. Those affected, including some BattleBots contestants, received a message stating, "Content that displays the deliberate infliction of animal suffering or the forcing of animals to fight is not allowed on YouTube." Was this a mere glitch, or are the robots gaining empathy for their brethren?

A spokesperson said YouTube does not have any policies that prohibit footage of robots fighting and that the affected videos were quickly reinstated.
« Last Edit: August 22, 2019, 07:06:09 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #78 on: August 22, 2019, 05:45:50 PM »
This AI-powered Text Generator is the Scariest Thing I’ve Ever Seen — and It's the mini-Version
https://thenextweb.com/artificial-intelligence/2019/08/21/this-ai-powered-text-generator-is-the-scariest-thing-ive-ever-seen-and-you-can-try-it/

OpenAI, a nonprofit focused on creating human-level artificial intelligence, just released an update to its GPT-2 text generator. I’m not being hyperbolic when I say that, after trying it, I’m legitimately terrified for the future of humanity if we don’t figure out a way to detect AI-generated content – and soon.

GPT-2 isn’t a killer robot and my fears aren’t that AI is going to rise up against us. I’m terrified of GPT-2 because it represents the kind of technology that evil humans are going to use to manipulate the population — and in my opinion that makes it more dangerous than any gun. Here’s how it works: you give it a prompt and it near-instantly spits out a bunch of words. What’s scary about it is that it works. It works incredibly well. Here’s a few examples from Twitter:

https://twitter.com/scott_bot/status/1163914520399679489


And, lest you think I’m using cherry-picked examples to illustrate a point, here’s some from prompts I entered myself (the words in bold are mine, the rest is all AI):



Some of these examples are Turing Test-ready, and others feel like they’re about one more GPT-2 update away from being indistinguishable from human-created content. What’s important to understand here is that OpenAI didn’t invent some sort of super computer, or reinvent AI as we know it; it just made a really powerful model using state-of-the-art artificial intelligence technologies. I say just because this isn’t a one-off thing that will be difficult for organizations that didn’t just ink a one billion dollar deal with Microsoft to pull off.

Somebody’s already taken the trouble of putting GPT-2, with the the new-and-improved 774M model, online (AI engineer Adam King – @AdamKing on Twitter). You can see for yourself how easy it is to generate cohesive text on-demand using AI. https://talktotransformer.com/

... this release is different. This one works almost good enough to use as a general artificial intelligence for text generation – almost. And, chances are, the 774M model won’t be the last. What’s this thing going to be capable of at double that, or triple?

It won’t be long before AI-generated media – to include audio, video, text, and combinations of all three – are entirely indistinguishable from that created by humans. If we can’t find a way to distinguish between the two, tools like GPT-2 – in combination with the malicious intent of bad actors – will simply become weapons of oppression.

-----------------------------

OpenAI Built a Text Generator So Good, It’s Considered Too Dangerous to Release
https://techcrunch.com/2019/02/17/openai-text-generator-dangerous/

... OpenAI said it’s not settled on a final decision about GPT-2’s release, and that it will revisit in six months. In the meantime, the company said that governments “should consider expanding or commencing initiatives to more systematically monitor the societal impact and diffusion of AI technologies, and to measure the progression in the capabilities of such systems.”

------------------------------

OpenAI Releases Curtailed Version of GPT-2 Language Model
https://venturebeat.com/2019/08/20/openai-releases-curtailed-version-of-gpt-2-language-model/

OpenAI today said it plans to release a version of GPT-2, an advanced conversational AI model that stirred controversy after it release in February. The version released today is 774 million parameters, and follows the release of smaller versions for select researchers in February and May.

The full model with roughly 1.5 billion parameters has not yet been released, though OpenAI said it has spoken with 5 organizations that have replicated the model since February.

The paper also describes why OpenAI chose to delay a full release.

As performance across dimensions — such as the reliability of generating coherent text — tends to improve with model size, we decided not to release all four GPT-2 models simultaneously due to concerns about the larger models being misused. By staggering releases, we allow time for risk analyses and use findings from smaller models to inform the actions taken with larger ones,” the paper reads.

--------------------------------

Researchers Attempt To Fool AI With Magic Tricks]
https://venturebeat.com/2019/08/21/researchers-attempt-to-fool-ai-with-magic-tricks/



... Interestingly, during tricks where the coin wasn’t visible during most of the sleight of hand, both humans and the AI system inferred it to be in a closed fist when it wasn’t. The researchers say this shows that at least some cognitive tricks can transfer from humans to an AI system. That said, in another trick that tripped up humans even though the coin was visible at the moment of the effect, the AI algorithm had no problem detecting it throughout.
« Last Edit: August 22, 2019, 07:48:08 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #79 on: August 24, 2019, 06:46:31 PM »
Slouching Toward Idiocracy; Why We Shouldn’t Let AI Write for Us
https://www.computerworld.com/article/3434098/why-we-shouldn-t-let-ai-write-for-us.html

Machines are getting better at writing. They can finish our sentences. They can reply to our emails. They can write news reports and even novels. But just because they can doesn’t mean they should.



The Creeping Takeover of Business Writing

The mainstreaming of AI business writing began with Google Smart Reply four years ago. Google Inbox users were offered a few colorless options for a reply to most emails. The feature still exists in Gmail, and with a single click you can respond with “Thanks!” or “I’ll send it to you” or “Let’s do Friday!”

Last year Google added Smart Compose, which finishes the sentences you start. You can choose Google’s words by pressing the tab key.

Using Smart Reply and Smart Compose saves time but makes replies dull. They’re dull because Google makes sure the replies are generic and designed to not annoy or offend anyone (for example, Google’s AI never uses gendered pronouns like “he” or “she”), and also because millions of other Gmail users are using the exact same wording for their replies. We all sound the same in our replies.

We find ourselves in the tragicomic place where AI writes financial news stories mainly for human consumption, but other AI also reads those stories to provide input for automated trading systems. AI does the writing. AI does the reading. And at some point AI is just going to cut humans out of the trade and keep all the money.

Automated writing will not only get better, it will be increasingly built into the tools we use to write things. The temptation to just let the machines do the writing will only grow. What’s wrong with that?

Here’s what’s wrong with that

The main problem with letting AI write for us is that writing isn’t just writing. Writing is one component of literacy, which includes reading, writing and thinking.

Writing involves revision, which clarifies thinking. We think. We write what we think. Then by reading what we write we realize the errors in our thinking, or at least in the way we have expressed our thinking. We rewrite until our thoughts are clearly and accurately and fully expressed. This practice is at the core of our ability to analyze, create, make good decisions and make progress in our lives and in our work.

Literacy and thinking are connected. This was the point of George Orwell’s Newspeak idea in the novel 1984. The totalitarian government in that book used restrictions on language to make complex thought impossible. Its purpose was “to diminish the range of thought” in order to pacify and enervate the public.



Writing, even writing business emails, forces us to confront our own thoughts in black and white. And this makes us cultivate our ability to think clearly.

It’s also the foundation of our ability to talk with logic and coherence. You’ll notice that good writers tend to speak well.


And writing aids memory. Just letting AI communicate for us, even if we choose from a menu of options, makes it easier to forget what “we” said.

More to the point, writing ability is a use-it-or-lose-it proposition, and AI systems that write for us could make us gradually lose it.

By allowing writing tools to do the writing for us, our literacy fades, and we begin to base our decisions on superficial impressions, rather than critical or analytical thinking.

The critical faculty is already under siege with conventions like emoji. By using cartoons in place of words, we communicate vague impressions rather than specific thoughts. As such, it’s not necessary to think specific thoughts in the first place. Textspeak, SMS abbreviations, autocorrect, emojis —- we’re slouching toward idiocracy.

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #80 on: August 24, 2019, 10:18:56 PM »
Word.
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #81 on: August 24, 2019, 11:41:41 PM »
Lost in translation algorithms. ...

Amazon Fire: Deals for Streaming TV Stick Appearing in Google Search Results for Rainforest Disaster
https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/amazon-fire-deals-streaming-stick-rainforest-brazil-a9076231.html?amp

Devastating fires sweeping across the Amazon rainforest have provided an unexpected source of publicity for a product made by the eponymous technology giant.

Web searches for “Amazon fire” are listing results for the Amazon Fire TV Stick, a streaming media player sold by the online retailer.

Alongside news of the environmental disaster are links to “the best Amazon Fire deals”.

The device is currently being offered as part of a surprise summer sale, which has also seen the prices of the Amazon Echo Dot slashed.

There is no suggestion the timing of the sale was intended to capitalise on the disaster.

----------------------

Never let a tragedy go to waste!

----------------------

A Reality Check for AI Hubris
https://www.axios.com/ai-deep-learning-reality-check-5f44a541-913d-4b43-ac57-67ee8570f61f.html

... The rosy portrait of unstoppable progress belies a fear among some AI luminaries that things are not on the right path. In a new sort of resource curse, they say that deep learning has sucked energy away from other strains of inquiry without which AI may never approach even a child's intellectual capabilities.

What's missing is common sense. Without it, argues Marcus, machines will never be able to actually comprehend a passage of fiction or navigate a cluttered home to tidy up before guests arrive.

That's because deep learning systems are built on statistics and patterns, but don't have background knowledge outside the data they've been fed. By contrast, humans bring decades of understanding about the world into every single interaction.
« Last Edit: August 25, 2019, 02:04:44 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

TerryM

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #82 on: August 25, 2019, 12:15:57 AM »

Vox

I'm not sure that common sense is as common as it once was. :-\
Terry

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #83 on: August 27, 2019, 01:58:07 PM »
NASA’s Robonaut 2 is back on earth undergoing upgrades after 7 years on the International Space Station.  Russia just delivered its Skybot unit, using its sensors to measure forces experienced in the new Soyuz rocket.  Both were designed to assist human tasks aboard the ISS.

Soyuz MS-14 – finally delivers Skybot humanoid robot to Station at second attempt
https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2019/08/soyuz-ms-14-upgrades-ferry-skybot-robot-station/
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #84 on: August 27, 2019, 06:38:37 PM »
Robot Ship Set to Cross the Atlantic and Change the World
https://www.thedailybeast.com/maxlimer-the-robot-ship-set-to-cross-the-atlantic-and-change-the-world



The blocky, 36-foot-long, yellow- and white-striped vessel bobbing off the coast of the United Kingdom sure doesn’t look like much. But Maxlimer just might be the most important ship in the world right now.

Maxlimer is totally robotic. And it’s poised to be the first unmanned surface vessel, or USV, to cross the Atlantic. The journey could prove the case for a host of new oceangoing drones: crewless cargo ships; unmanned oil tankers; robotic work boats.

With no need to support a human crew, a robotic support ship could devote more space to equipment, including a flotilla of smaller drone boats and submarines that it can launch and retrieve. Since it doesn’t get hungry, tired, or sick, it could sail at a leisurely eight miles per hour until it runs out of fuel, potentially nine months at a stretch.

... “It’s robust, it’s adaptable, it’s got a huge range.” It can carry 2 1/2 tons of cargo - And it’s cheap. “SEA-KIT vessels use less than five percent of the fuel required to operate a standard ocean-going vessel”

In May 2019 the Maxlimer made a quick cargo run between Britain and Belgium, hauling oysters and beer. This fall, the robot ship sailed to Norway for what Tinmouth described as “the first completely unmanned offshore commercial pipeline inspection” using onboard sensors and a small drone submarine.

Next up: the vaunted Atlantic crossing. Tinmouth said the month-long journey is on schedule for the first half of 2020. Assuming Maxlimer successfully completes the trip, SEA-KIT hopes to begin expanding the technology. “We have already designed and are looking to develop a larger USV with additional capabilities.”

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #85 on: August 29, 2019, 06:52:25 PM »
Article examines their differing opinions.

Elon Musk and Jack Ma discuss AI’s risks, Mars, and how humans can secure the future
Quote
Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk and Alibaba founder and Chairman Jack Ma kicked off the 2019 World Artificial Intelligence Conference in Shanghai, China, with an informal debate about AI and its implications to humanity. Throughout their conversation, Musk and Ma touched on several topics, from jobs, the need for educational reform, moving to Mars, and how humans’ way of life can improve in the future.

Opposing Views
The two billionaires have vastly differing points of view concerning artificial intelligence. While Musk is cautious about AI considering the dangers it may pose to humanity, Ma is far more optimistic. “I don’t think AI is a threat,” Ma said, responding to the Tesla CEO’s introductory points. Explaining further, the Alibaba founder noted that people are “street smart,” and thus, humanity will be fine even when AI evolves. Musk, for his part, doubled down on his point, arguing that AI’s rate of improvement is notable, and there will come a time when computers will outpace humans’ natural ability to understand it.
...
https://www.teslarati.com/tesla-elon-musk-alibaba-jack-ma-ai-debate-video/

People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #86 on: September 04, 2019, 09:23:59 PM »
An A.I. System Passed an Eighth-Grade Science Test. Can You?
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/04/technology/artificial-intelligence-aristo-passed-test.html

A science test isn’t something that can be mastered just by learning rules. It requires making connections using logic.

Four years ago, more than 700 computer scientists competed in a contest to build artificial intelligence that could pass an eighth-grade science test. There was $80,000 in prize money on the line.

They all flunked. Even the most sophisticated system couldn’t do better than 60 percent on the test. A.I. couldn’t match the language and logic skills that students are expected to have when they enter high school.

But on Wednesday, the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, a prominent lab in Seattle, unveiled a new system that passed the test with room to spare. It correctly answered more than 90 percent of the questions on an eighth-grade science test and more than 80 percent on a 12th-grade exam.

The system, called Aristo, is an indication that in just the past several months researchers have made significant progress in developing A.I. that can understand languages and mimic the logic and decision-making of humans.

... Ms. Liu and her fellow Microsoft researchers have tried to build a system that can pass the Graduate Records Exam, the test required for admission to graduate school.

The language section was doable, she said, but building the reasoning skills required for the math section was another matter. “It was far too challenging.”

---------------------

... GREs? Maybe next year.

---------------------

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #87 on: September 05, 2019, 07:40:40 PM »
The Future of Mind Control
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-09-future-mind.html

In a recent perspective titled "Precision Electronic Medicine," published in Nature Biotechnology, Patel, a faculty member at the Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, and Lieber, the Joshua and Beth Friedman University Professor, argue that neurotechnology is on the cusp of a major renaissance.



... "The next frontier is really the merging of human cognition with machines," Patel said. He and Lieber see mesh electronics as the foundation for those machines, a way to design personalized electronic treatment for just about anything related to the brain.

... The potential reaches beyond therapeutics: Adaptive electrodes could provide heightened control over prosthetic or even paralyzed limbs. In time, they could act like neural substitutes, replacing damaged circuitry to re-establish broken communication networks and recalibrate based on live feedback. "If you could actually interact in a precise and long-term way and also provide feedback information," Lieber said, "you could really communicate with the brain in the same way that the brain is communicating within itself."

Quote
... During his postdoctoral studies, Patel saw how just a short pulse of electricity—no more than 500 milliseconds of stimulation—could control a person's ability to make a safe or impulsive decision

"After a little zap, subjects who almost always chose the risky bet, instead went with the safe option. "You would have no idea that it's happened," ... "You're unaware of it. It's beyond your conscious awareness."

For people struggling to combat addiction or obsessive-compulsive disorder, an external pulse regulator could significantly improve their quality of life. But, companies that operate those regulators could access their client's most personal data—their thoughts. And, if enhanced learning and memory are for sale, who gets to buy a better brain?

Shaun R. Patel et al. Precision electronic medicine in the brain, Nature Biotechnology (2019)

----------------------------------



Dr Noyle: ... Please relax. Are you relaxed, Raymond?

Raymond: Yes, sir.

Dr Noyle: Now, Raymond, I am going to drill a tiny hole in the skull, which will allow delivery of the new implant.
               
Dr Noyle: ... So, what you'll feel is a little discomfort in the form of pressure and also a loud vibrating noise in your head, all of which, of course, is completely normal. ... Of course, as soon as this or any task is completed, you will already have forgotten that it ever actually took place.

...

Dr Noyle:  ... At a flick of a switch, we can adjust character, change personality. And of course, more importantly... we can offset the ravages of dementia by implanting memory or adjusting the synaptic connections. ... We can free people from the terrible burden of an emotionally compromised past.

Manchurian Candidate - (2004)
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #88 on: September 05, 2019, 08:22:24 PM »
How AI Will Predict Chinese and Russian Moves in the Pacific
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/09/exclusive-pacific-how-military-using-ai-and-radar-data-predict-china-and-russias-next-move/159609/

... “We are also looking to develop the capability for the ‘AI wingman’ to look back months and years into the past to show the operator what happened the last time that the anomalous behavior was detected. Based on past data, current intelligence, and other factors, the AI will make recommendations or predict behavior to enable superior decision-making,” Raber said in a later statement. “Overall, we want the AI wingman to provide advice based on experience and long-term looks to enable operational art by the warfighter/decision maker.”

Robert Mohan, an automated-decision-support analyst at U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, is working with DARPA on a slightly different project. Called Causal Exploration, it aims to build “a tool that uses artificial intelligence to enhance what machines do best in terms of researching large amounts of data and pattern recognition…and combining that with the human and allowing the human to do what he does best in terms of coming up with new ideas,” Mohan said.

... “We’ve got an intelligence feed that’s publicly available information. They bring in over 2,000 separate sources of information right now. It will grow to 10,000 feeds of data within a year. One of those feeds of data is Twitter, with 500 million tweets a day. That’s a lot of information,” he said. “It’s difficult to discern truth from fiction; that’s where the AI comes in.”

Back in Washington, D.C., the Pentagon’s weeks-old Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, or JAIC, will soon launch three projects, including one for maneuvering and fires.

Read that to mean applying AI to virtually everything that the military does in combat, from identifying what targets to hit to figuring out the best weapon to use and how to put that weapon in position.



Pentagon, NSA Prepare to Train AI-Powered Cyber Defenses
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/09/pentagon-nsa-laying-groundwork-ai-powered-cyber-defenses/159650/

Military-Style Surveillance Technology Is Being Tested in American Cities
https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2019/08/military-style-surveillance-technology-being-tested-american-cities/158912/

In the eyes of the law, there’s no difference between a smartphone photo taken through an airplane window and one taken by an ultra-powerful camera in a helicopter hovering over your backyard.

... Capitalizing on this gap, as some might call it, in standing privacy law, wide-area-camera manufacturers and users often turn the all-seeing eye on peacetime populations in the United States and elsewhere without their knowledge. PV Labs, a Canadian firm, has flown a “persistent surveillance” camera over various U.S. cities, including Charlotte and Wilmington, North Carolina. The Australian Department of Defence has tested a wide-area camera in exercises over Adelaide and Montreal. The Air Force has spent hours recording Ohio State University’s campus in Columbus.

Such flights continue to this day. In the summer of 2017, the Air Force 427th Special Operations Squadron’s top-secret WAMI airplane spent more than 50 hours flying orbits over Seattle, in some cases loitering over a single neighborhood (Bellevue and Renton were favorites) for four or five hours at a time.

A Navy P-8 Poseidon Jet Has Been Flying Mysterious Circles Over Los Angeles For Hours (Updated)
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/26336/a-navy-p-8-poseidon-jet-has-been-flying-mysterious-circles-over-los-angeles-for-hours

... The aircraft is equipped with electronic surveillance systems capable of classifying and geolocating enemy emissions, such as those from air defense systems and enemy communications nodes. It can also intercept communications and work as a communications relay.



A U-2 Spy Plane Is Flying Peculiar Tracks High Over South Las Vegas (Updated)
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/27339/a-u-2-spy-plane-is-flying-tracks-high-over-south-las-vegas

What's The Deal With Army Helicopters Flying A Secret New Mission Over The Capital?
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/29101/whats-the-deal-with-army-helicopters-flying-a-secret-new-mission-over-the-capital



Night Stalker Choppers Freak Out Manhattan With Nighttime Low-Level Training Exercise
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/20255/night-stalker-choppers-freak-out-manhattan-with-nighttime-low-level-training-exercise

https://twitter.com/i/status/986414639176212481


BlackOps in Portland


BlackOps in Denver


BlackOps in St. Paul

« Last Edit: September 05, 2019, 09:26:52 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #89 on: September 09, 2019, 11:01:49 PM »
« Last Edit: September 10, 2019, 12:36:03 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #90 on: September 10, 2019, 06:01:08 PM »
McDonald’s Acquires A.I. Company to Help Automate the Drive-thru, Its Third Tech Deal This Year
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/09/10/mcdonalds-acquires-ai-company-trying-to-automate-the-drive-thru.html

McDonald’s said Tuesday it has agreed to acquire a company that is trying to automate the drive-thru. It’s the fast-food giant’s third tech-focused deal this year.

Apprente, a Silicon Valley company founded in 2017, uses artificial intelligence to understand drive-thru orders, which could cut down on service times. McDonald’s said the technology also could be used someday in its self-order kiosks and mobile app.

- Earlier this year, McDonald’s bought Dynamic Yield and took a minority stake in mobile app vendor Plexure.



------------------------

AI Is Coming for Your Favorite Menial Tasks
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/09/artificial-intelligence-will-make-your-job-even-harder/597625/

When machines start picking off all the easy work for themselves, many white-collar jobs are going to get a lot harder.

... When people talk about the effects of automation and artificial intelligence on the economy, they often fixate on the quantity of human workers. Will robots take our jobs? Others focus instead on threats to the quality of employment—the replacement of middle-class occupations with lower-skill, lower-wage ones; the steady elimination of human discretion as algorithms order around warehouse pickers, ride-hailing drivers, and other workers.

What’s less understood is that artificial intelligence will transform higher-skill positions, too—in ways that demand more human judgment rather than less. And that could be a problem. As AI gets better at performing the routine tasks traditionally done by humans, only the hardest ones will be left for us to do. But wrestling with only difficult decisions all day long is stressful and unpleasant. ... “Decision making is very cognitively draining” ...
« Last Edit: September 10, 2019, 06:57:10 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #91 on: September 11, 2019, 06:07:52 PM »
Titan Robot Test-Fires Javelin Anti-Tank Missile
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/09/titan-robot-test-fires-javelin-anti-tank-missile/

Titan is not a “robot tank.” It does have tracks, the better to traverse rough terrain and boggy ground, but it weighs just about one ton and was originally designed to haul supplies for foot troops. The missile launcher is fired by remote control — by a human, not an algorithm (although there’s targeting tech in development that has the potential to change that). But after one shot, the robot can’t reload itself, so a human has to manhandle a new missile onto the launcher — for now.



The US Army is exploring Robotic Combat Vehicles as adjuncts — not yet replacements — for its manned M1 Abrams tanks and the future Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle to replace the Bradley.

There are “five-, 10-, and 20-ton vehicles we’re experimenting with, [on] not if, but how we’re going to use robots,” said the Army’s armor modernization director, Brig. Gen. Ross Coffman, at the recent Defense News conference. There’ll be major Robotic Combat Vehicle experiments in 2021, 2022, and 2023, “with decision points along the way for Army senior leaders” as to what they want to pursue, Coffman said.

------------------------------------

Army To Test ATLAS Robotic Gun
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/06/army-to-test-robotic-gun-bruce-jette/

The Army’s acquisition chief, Bruce Jette, has ordered the service’s famed night vision lab to develop an experimental “automated turret” for live-fire testing next June. Army sources confirmed to Breaking Defense that the turret will use the lab’s Artificially Intelligent Targeting System (ATLAS), designed to detect potential targets, determine if they’re hostile and aim a 50mm cannon with superhuman speed and accuracy.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #92 on: September 20, 2019, 06:09:12 PM »
AI Is Actively Watching You In 75 Countries
https://www.forbes.com/sites/gilpress/2019/09/18/artificial-intelligence-ai-stats-news-ai-is-actively-watching-you-in-75-countries/#386050205809

Quote
“An AI-equipped surveillance camera would be not a mere recording device, but could be made into something closer to an automated police officer”

—Edward Snowden

AI surveillance and the state of data privacy

At least 75 out of 176 countries globally are actively using AI technologies for surveillance purposes, including smart city/safe city platforms (56 countries), facial recognition systems (64 countries), and smart policing (52 countries); technology linked to Chinese companies—particularly Huawei, Hikvision, Dahua, and ZTE—supply AI surveillance technology in 63 countries and U.S. firms’ technology—from IBM, Palantir, and Cisco—is present in 32 countries; 51% of advanced democracies deploy AI surveillance systems [Carnegie Endowment for International Peace AI Global Surveillance (AIGS) Index]

An analysis of 29 variables in 1,200 privacy statements against common themes in three major privacy regulations (the EU’s GDPR, California’s CCPA, and Canada’s PIPEDA) found that many organizations’ privacy statements fail to meet common privacy principles; less than 1% of organizations had language stating which types of third parties could access user data; only 2% of organizations had explicit language about data retention; only 32% of organizations had “readable” statements based on OTA standards [Internet’s Society’s Online Trust Alliance]

---------------------

Evolution of Learning is Key to Better AI
https://phys.org/news/2019-09-evolution-key-artificial-intelligence.html

A new paper published in The American Naturalist explores how computers could begin to evolve learning in the same way as natural organisms did—with implications for many fields, including artificial intelligence.

The results are the first demonstration that shows the evolution of associative learning in an artificial organism without a brain.

... The programs that controlled the digital organism were subject to genetic variation from mutation, inheritance and competitive selection. Organisms were tasked to follow a trail alongside signals that—if interpreted correctly—pointed where the path went next.

In the beginning of the simulation, organisms were "blank slates," incapable of sensing, moving or learning. Every time an organism reproduced, its descendants could suffer mutations that changed their behavior. Most mutations were lethal. Some did nothing. But the rare traits that allowed an organism to better follow the trail resulted in the organism collecting more resources, reproducing more often and, thus, gaining share in the population.

Over the generations, organisms evolved more and more complex behaviors. First came simple movements allowing them to stumble into food. Next was the ability to sense and distinguish different types of signals, followed by the reflexive ability to correct errors, such as trying an incorrect path, backing up and trying another.

A few organisms evolved the ability to learn by association. If one of these organisms made a wrong turn it would correct the error, but it would also learn from that mistake and associate the specific signal it saw with the direction it now knew it should have gone. From then on, it would navigate the entire trail without any further mistakes. Some organisms could even relearn when tricked by switching signals mid-trail.

Open Access: Anselmo Pontes et al. The Evolutionary Origin of Associative Learning, The American Naturalist (2019)
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #93 on: September 21, 2019, 12:13:20 AM »
To decarbonize we must decomputerize: why we need a Luddite revolution
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/sep/17/tech-climate-change-luddites-data
Quote
To understand the relationship between data and climate, the best place to start is machine learning (ML). Billions of dollars are being spent on researching, developing, and deploying ML because major breakthroughs in the past decade have made it a powerful tool for pattern recognition, whether analyzing faces or predicting consumer preferences. ML “learns” by training on large quantities of data. Computers are stupid: babies know what a face is within the first few months of being alive. For a computer to know what a face is, it must learn by looking at millions of pictures of faces.
This is a demanding process. It takes place inside the data centers we call the cloud, and much of the electricity that powers the cloud is generated by burning fossil fuels. As a result, ML has a large carbon footprint. In a recent paper that made waves in the ML community, a team at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, found that training a model for natural-language processing – the field that helps “virtual assistants” like Alexa understand what you’re saying – can emit as much as 626,155lb of carbon dioxide. That’s about the same amount produced by flying roundtrip between New York and Beijing 125 times.
SHARKS (CROSSED OUT) MONGEESE (SIC) WITH FRICKIN LASER BEAMS ATTACHED TO THEIR HEADS

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #94 on: September 21, 2019, 12:25:48 AM »
Interesting posts as usual Tom.

Quote
Computers are stupid: babies know what a face is within the first few months of being alive. For a computer to know what a face is, it must learn by looking at millions of pictures of faces.

Babies are born with a brain that evolved over 500 million years. Babies come loaded with face recognition software and highly specialized hardware to process faces.  The thing about computers is that you can re use code. So once one software stack learns how to recognize faces, potentially all future AIs could be built on top of that software.

Quote
This is a demanding process. It takes place inside the data centers we call the cloud, and much of the electricity that powers the cloud is generated by burning fossil fuels

That is not necesarilly true. Energy is certainly a huge consideration when processing huge data but if they are powered by renewables, who cares?

Look at what google is doing:

https://cloud.google.com/sustainability/


As an aside, an interesting video I saw the other day:

Multi-Agent Hide and Seek

Quote
We’ve observed agents discovering progressively more complex tool use while playing a simple game of hide-and-seek. Through training in our new simulated hide-and-seek environment, agents build a series of six distinct strategies and counterstrategies, some of which we did not know our environment supported. The self-supervised emergent complexity in this simple environment further suggests that multi-agent co-adaptation may one day produce extremely complex and intelligent behavior.




I am an energy reservoir seemingly intent on lowering entropy for self preservation.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #95 on: September 21, 2019, 05:59:22 PM »
Wearable Brain-Machine Interface Could Control a Wheelchair, Vehicle or Computer (... or get Hacked)
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-09-wearable-brain-machine-interface-wheelchair-vehicle.html

Combining new classes of nanomembrane electrodes with flexible electronics and a deep learning algorithm could help disabled people wirelessly control an electric wheelchair, interact with a computer or operate a small robotic vehicle without donning a bulky hair-electrode cap or contending with wires.

... Yeo and his collaborators are taking advantage of a new class of flexible, wireless sensors and electronics that can be easily applied to the skin. The system includes three primary components: highly flexible, hair-mounted electrodes that make direct contact with the scalp through hair; an ultrathin nanomembrane electrode; and soft, flexible circuity with a Bluetooth telemetry unit. The recorded EEG data from the brain is processed in the flexible circuitry, then wirelessly delivered to a tablet computer via Bluetooth from up to 15 meters away.

The system was evaluated with six human subjects. The deep learning algorithm with real-time data classification could control an electric wheelchair and a small robotic vehicle. The signals could also be used to control a display system without using a keyboard, joystick or other controller, Yeo said.


Be the first one on your block to be Bluetooth enabled!

Musa Mahmood et al, Fully portable and wireless universal brain–machine interfaces enabled by flexible scalp electronics and deep learning algorithm, Nature Machine Intelligence (2019).

----------------------------------



---------------------------------

Brain-Computer Interfaces Without the Mess
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-09/acs-biw091819.php

----------------------------------



vs

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #96 on: September 21, 2019, 06:27:12 PM »
A noble venture, but I sense a flaw in the logic of their objective ...

--------------------

The Ultimate Optimization Problem: How to Best Use Every Square Meter of the Earth's Surface
https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/energy/environment/the-ultimate-optimization-problem-how-to-best-use-every-square-meter-of-the-earths-surface

As Microsoft’s first chief environmental officer, Joppa came up with the company’s AI for Earth program, a five-year effort that’s spending US $50 million on AI-powered solutions to global environmental challenges.

... “You start with an objective. So what’s our objective function for Earth?” (In computer science, an objective function describes the parameter or parameters you are trying to maximize or minimize for optimal results.)

Quote
... What do we want to do with the Earth’s surface? ... Every square meter of land and water on Earth has an infinite number of possible utility functions. It’s the job of Homo sapiens to describe our overall objective for the Earth. Then it’s the job of computers to produce optimization results that are aligned with the human-defined objective.

... We talk about how to solve climate change. There’s a higher-order question for society: What climate do we want? What output from nature do we want and desire? If we could agree on those things, we could put systems in place for optimizing our environment accordingly. Instead we have this scattered approach, where we try for local optimization. But the sum of local optimizations is never a global optimization.

There’s increasing interest in using artificial intelligence to tackle global environmental problems. Joppa says that AI for Earth is taking a two-pronged approach, funding efforts to collect and interpret vast amounts of data alongside efforts that use that data to help humans make better decisions. And that’s where the global optimization engine would really come in handy.

For any location on earth, you should be able to go and ask: What’s there, how much is there, and how is it changing? And more importantly: What should be there?

... It’s not impossible to imagine putting such services together into an optimization engine that knows everything about the land, the water, and the creatures who live on planet Earth. Then we’ll just have to tell that engine what we want to do about it. 

--------------------------

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #97 on: September 22, 2019, 03:01:47 AM »
Google Says It's Achieved Quantum Supremacy, a World-First: Report
https://gizmodo.com/google-says-its-achieved-quantum-supremacy-a-world-fir-1838299829

A Google researcher’s paper claiming to have achieved quantum supremacy, a major early milestone in the field of quantum computing, appeared on a NASA website this week before being removed, the Financial Times reports.

This quantum architecture purportedly could allow quantum computers to solve a set of problems that classical computers can’t in a reasonable amount of time—this includes problems in cryptography as well as modeling molecules. But the difficulty maintaining qubits’ quantum behavior for a usable amount of time, also called the coherence time, has prevented researchers from demonstrating any sort of quantum speedup.

The Financial Times reports that they saw a Google publication claiming that the company’s quantum processor can perform a calculation “in three minutes and 20 seconds that would take today’s most advanced classical computer, known as Summit, approximately 10,000 years”—a demonstration of quantum supremacy. Google has not yet responded to a Gizmodo request for comment, and it has long been cagey about when and how it’d make the announcement.


Bristlecone Quantum Processor

The achievement would not be a surprise—we’ve long known that Google has been testing a 72-qubit device called Bristlecone with which it hoped to achieve quantum supremacy. Financial Times reports that the supremacy experiment was instead performed with a 53-qubit processor codenamed Sycamore.

It’s possible scientists may not even accept Google’s announcement as valid. Most importantly, if it takes 10,000 years for a supercomputer to check the answer a quantum computer produced, how do you know that the quantum computer got the answer right in the first place?


Summit Supercomputer
« Last Edit: September 22, 2019, 03:14:00 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

nanning

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #98 on: September 22, 2019, 06:47:57 AM »
Very very good cartoon you put in with that Microsoft article vox_mundi, thank you :).
Although I completely disagree about the "noble" in "noble venture".


I'd like to put this 'optimization problem' in perspective:

Asking the question "What do we want to do with the Earth’s surface?" is THE fundamentally wrong mentality of civilisation humans and other conquering tribes. The 'greatest sin' if you want.

The Earth does not belong to us!
Ownership of nature is an insane destructive fantasy of civilisation humans.

The real optimization problem is how to prosper within living nature's bounds. Indiginous tibes were on the right path. Just add my morality theory and you have the answer to your real 'optimization problem' right there.
Microsoft's 'optimization problem' is insane and totally destructive. It signifies extremely low morality.

Sorry for this off-topic post.
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
   Simple: minimize your possessions and be free and kind    It's just a mindset.       Refugees welcome

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #99 on: September 24, 2019, 04:53:51 PM »
How an AI Trained to Read Scientific Papers Could Predict Future Discoveries
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-09-ai-scientific-papers-future-discoveries.html

A paper recently published in Nature reports that an AI has now managed to predict future scientific discoveries by simply extracting meaningful data from research publications.

In the new study, an AI learned to retrieve information from scientific literature via unsupervised learning. This has remarkable implications. So far, most of the existing automated NLP-based methods are supervised, requiring input from humans. Despite being an improvement compared to a purely manual approach, this is still a labour intensive job.

However, in the new study, the researchers created a system that could accurately identify and extract information independently. ... This method could capture complex relationships and identify different layers of information, which would be virtually impossible to carry out by humans. It provided insights well in advance compared to what scientists can predict at the moment. In fact, the AI could recommend materials for functional applications several years before their actual discovery. There were five such predictions, all based on papers published before the year 2009. For example, the AI managed to identify a substance known as CsAgGa2Se4as as a thermoelectric material, which scientists only discovered in 2012. So if the AI had been around in 2009, it could have speeded up the discovery.

This suggests that latent knowledge regarding future discoveries is to a large extent embedded in past publications. AI systems are becoming more and more independent.

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Boston Dynamics’ Atlas Can Now Do an Impressive Gymnastics Routine
https://www.theverge.com/2019/9/24/20881385/boston-dynamics-atlas-gymnastics-routine-somersaults-split-leap



Boston Dynamics has released a new video of Atlas, its spectacular bipedal robot that’s previously been seen doing everything from parkour to backflips. In this latest video, Atlas does a small gymnastics routine, consisting of a number of somersaults, a short handstand, a 360-degree spinning jump, and even a balletic split leap.

What’s most impressive is seeing Atlas tie all these moves together into one pretty cohesive routine. In the video’s description, Boston Dynamics says that it’s using a “model predictive controller” to blend from one maneuver to the next. Presumably each somersault gives the robot a fair amount of forward momentum, but at no point in the video does it seem to lose its balance as a result. Amazingly, Atlas is able to roll gracefully along its back without any of its machinery getting squashed or tangled.

As the company owners put it, "Atlas is a research platform designed to push the limits of whole-body mobility." It now can show the world in a video that it has reached human-level agility. Atlas has 28 hydraulic joints.

Just because Boston Dynamics was able to film Atlas performing this routine, doesn’t mean it’s able to perform it flawlessly every time. The video’s description goes on to say that the robot has around an 80 percent success rate, meaning that for every five attempts the robot is likely to fail once. Still better than most meat sacks can do.


And this is where it was 6 years ago - Atlas 2013

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Boston Dynamics’ Spot is Leaving the Laboratory
https://www.theverge.com/2019/9/24/20880511/boston-dynamics-spot-robot-mini-hands-on-lease-buy



... The Spot can carry up to four hardware modules on its back, giving companies a way to swap in whatever skills the robot needs for this particular job. If it’s checking for gas leaks, you can build in a methane detector. If you need connectivity over longer distances, you can attach a mesh radio module. Boston Dynamics is already outfitting units with LIDAR rigs from Velodyne (a favorite component for self-driving car projects) to create 3D maps of indoor spaces. Since the Spot is designed to work in the rain, outdoor spaces are on the table, too.

The company was also quick to say that it’s not interested in using the Spot as a weapon, despite the company’s military origins. ... (Boston Dynamics is still marketing to police departments, but it says the Spot would be limited to disposing of bombs and other hazardous materials, along the lines of existing police robots.)

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Why Robots Will Soon be Picking Soft Fruits and Salad
https://www.cnn.com/2019/09/04/business/robot-farmers/index.html
« Last Edit: September 25, 2019, 12:47:44 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late