Support the Arctic Sea Ice Forum and Blog

Author Topic: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction  (Read 31880 times)

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #250 on: December 17, 2019, 01:42:55 AM »
Does a robot blacksmith toil away 'neath a spreading digital chestnut E-tree?
Will AI squirrels scamper through plastic foliage, silently chittering in hexadecimal code?


Do robotic steeds require forged shoes, or will the entire scene be implanted via a Neurolink interface deep into our digitally enhanced memories of the future?


Will these be the blacksmiths that forge the chains that bind us, or will our Neurolink anchor us in place physically, as well as socially.


Greensmiths, or smiths present only in our blackest hours?
Terry

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #251 on: December 17, 2019, 02:54:37 AM »
^ Perhaps you've seen the blacksmith's craft ...



Quote
... Will AI squirrels scamper through plastic foliage, silently chittering in hexadecimal code?



------------------------------------

Why AI Leads Us to Think Less, Act Impulsively
https://www.pcmag.com/commentary/372362/why-ai-leads-us-to-think-less-act-impulsively?amp=1

... A key challenge, according to Trout, is that "these algorithms push us toward us thinking less and acting based on impressions that may or may not be correct, as opposed to [making] our own decisions in a fully informed way. In general, we want to have the answer and move on. And these algorithms tend to play off on that psychology."

... There are many ways this blind faith in algorithms can have adverse effects. For instance, when you start to believe (and "like") everything you see in your Facebook News Feed, which is powered by AI algorithms, you'll end up seeing only articles that confirm your viewpoints and biases, and you could become less tolerant of opposing views.

On other online platforms, content-recommendation algorithms can shape your preferences and nudge you in specific directions without your conscious knowledge. And in fields such as banking and criminal justice, blind trust in algorithms can be more damaging, such as the unwarranted decline of a loan application or an unfair verdict passed against a defendant.

"It has become harder to trace decisions and analysis with methods like deep learning and neural nets," says Element AI's Marc-Etienne Ouimett. "The ability to know when a decision has been made or informed by an AI system, or to explain or interpret the logic behind that decision, becomes increasingly important in this context. You cannot effectively seek redress for harm caused by the misuse of an AI system unless you know that one has been used, or how it influenced the outcome."



https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idiocracy
« Last Edit: December 17, 2019, 08:38:02 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #252 on: December 17, 2019, 06:46:30 PM »
Autonomous Helicopter startup Skyryse Demonstrates Tech that could Power Urban Air Taxis



--------------------------------------------------

Artificial intelligence Can Analyze Your Tweets to Pick Your Next Job
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-unveiling-reveals-hidden-personalities-jobs.html

According to new research published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, understanding the hidden personality dimensions of different roles could be the key to matching a person and their ideal occupation.

The findings of "Social media-predicted personality traits and values can help match people to their ideal jobs" point to the benefit of not only identifying the skills and experience in a particular industry, but also being aware of personality traits and values that characterise jobs—and how they align with your own.

Lead researcher Associate Professor Peggy Kern of the University of Melbourne's Centre for Positive Psychology notes that "it's long been believed that different personalities align better with different jobs. For example, sales roles might better suit an extraverted individual, whereas a librarian role might better suit an introverted individual. But studies have been small-scale in nature. Never before has there been such large-scale evidence of the distinctive personality profiles that occur across occupations."

The research team looked at over 128,000 Twitter users, representing over 3,500 occupations to establish that different occupations tended to have very different personality profiles. For instance, software programmers and scientists tended to be more open to experience, whereas elite tennis players tended to be more conscientious and agreeable.

Remarkably, many similar jobs were grouped together—based solely on the personality characteristics of users in those roles. For example, one cluster included many different technology jobs such as software programmers, web developers, and computer scientists.

The research used a variety of advanced artificial intelligence, machine learning and data analytics approaches to create a data-driven 'vocation compass' - a recommendation system that finds the career that is a good fit with our personality.



Co-author Dr. Marian-Andrei Rizoui of the University of Technology Sydney said they were able to "successfully recommend an occupation aligned to people's personality traits with over 70 per cent accuracy."

"Even when the system was wrong it was not too far off, pointing to professions with very similar skill sets," he said. "For instance, it might suggest a poet becomes a fictional writer, not a petrochemical engineer." ...

Open Access; Margaret L. Kern el al., "Social media-predicted personality traits and values can help match people to their ideal jobs," PNAS (2019)

---------------------------------------------

Mr. McGuire: I want to say one word to you. Just one word.
Benjamin: Yes, sir.
Mr. McGuire: Are you listening?
Benjamin: Yes, I am.
Mr. McGuire: Plastics.
Benjamin: Exactly how do you mean?
Mr. McGuire: There's a great future in plastics. Think about it. Will you think about it?

- The Graduate (1967)
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Aporia_filia

  • Frazil ice
  • Posts: 167
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 116
  • Likes Given: 0
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #253 on: December 18, 2019, 04:18:13 PM »
Very interesting long report about AI, made by https://ainowinstitute.org/ a "research institute examining the social implications of artificial intelligence"
Clarifies when is logical and usefull using AI; when the pattern has a clear answer like learning what's a cancer from radiographs. But is wrong using it to find socials answers like who's the best applicant for a job.
And a few more things

"Despite the growth of ethical frameworks, AI systems continue to be deployed rapidly across domains of considerable social significance—in healthcare, education, employment, criminal justice, and many others—without appropriate safeguards or accountability structures in place. Many urgent concerns remain, and the agenda of issues to be addressed continues to grow: the environmental harms caused by AI systems are considerable, from extraction of materials from our earth to the extraction of labor from our communities. In healthcare, increasing dependence on AI systems will have life-or-death consequences. New research also highlights how AI systems are particularly prone to security vulnerabilities and how the companies building these systems are inciting fundamental changes to the landscape of our communities, resulting in geographic displacement.
Yet the movements of the past year give reason to hope, marked by a groundswell of pushback from both expected and unexpected places, from regulators and researchers to community organizers and activists to workers and advocates. Together, they are building new coalitions upon legacies of older ones, and forging new bonds of solidarity. If the past year has shown us anything, it is that our future will not be determined by the inevitable progress of AI, nor are we doomed to a dystopic future. The implications of AI will be determined by us—and there is much work ahead to ensure that the future looks bright. "

gerontocrat

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 8672
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 3382
  • Likes Given: 25
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #254 on: December 18, 2019, 05:22:40 PM »
The implications of AI will be determined by us—and there is much work ahead to ensure that the future looks bright. "
I hope you are right, I fear you are not.
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

blumenkraft

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 4924
  • Fans of Hans Ø Club - circa 2018
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 1691
  • Likes Given: 2840
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #255 on: December 18, 2019, 05:28:18 PM »
We should teach those AIs Kant first.

We should then, as mankind, listen to the AI.
"Is a thin line 'tween heaven and here" - Bubbles

nanning

  • Nilas ice
  • Posts: 2093
  • 0Kg CO₂, 37 KWh/wk,125L H₂O/wk, No offspring
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 325
  • Likes Given: 17513
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #256 on: December 18, 2019, 06:23:04 PM »
<snip>
"Despite the growth of ethical frameworks

I can't believe my eyes. I guess I wasn't paying attention  :P.
High morality, here we come  ::)
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
"It is preoccupation with what other people from your groups think of you, that prevents you from living freely and nobly" - Nanning
Why do you keep accumulating stuff?

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #257 on: December 18, 2019, 06:39:53 PM »
Finland Offers Artificial Intelligence Course as 'Christmas Gift'
https://www.theverge.com/2019/12/18/21027840/online-course-basics-of-ai-finland-free-elements

Last year, Finland launched a free online crash course in artificial intelligence with the aim of educating its citizens about the new technology. Now, as a Christmas present to the world, the European nation is making the six week program available for anyone to take.

Strictly speaking, it’s a present for the European Union. Finland is relinquishing the EU’s rotating presidency at the end of the year, and decided to translate its course into every EU language as a gift to citizens. But there aren’t any geographical restrictions as to who can take the course, so really it’s to the world’s benefit.

Elements of AI: https://www.elementsofai.com/

It is teaming up with the University of Helsinki, Finland's largest and oldest academic institution, and the Finland-based tech consultancy Reaktor.

Teemu Roos, a University of Helsinki associate professor in the department of computer science, described the nearly $2m project as "a civics course in AI" to help EU citizens cope with society's ever-increasing digitisation and the possibilities AI offers in the jobs market.

It’s nicely designed, offers short tests at the end of each section, and covers a range of topics from the philosophical implications of AI to technical subjects like Bayesian probability. It’s supposed to take about six weeks to finish, with each section taking between five and 10 hours.

The Finnish government said it originally designed the course to give its citizen an advantage in AI. ... Megan Schaible of the tech consultancy Reaktor, which helped design the course, said the motivation was “to prove that AI should not be left in the hands of a few elite coders.”



-------------------------------------------

AI Super Resolution Lets You ‘Zoom and Enhance’ in Pixelmator Pro
https://www.theverge.com/2019/12/17/21025811/ai-super-resolution-zoom-enhance-pixelmator-pro

The “zoom and enhance” trope is a TV cliché, but advances in AI are slowly making it a reality. Researchers have shown that machine learning can enlarge low-resolution images, restoring sharpness that wasn’t there before. Now, this technology is making its way to consumers, with image editor Pixelmator among the first to offer such a feature.

The Photoshop competitor today announced what it calls “ML Super Resolution” for the Pro version of its software: a function that the company says can scale an image up to three times its original resolution without image defects like pixelation or blurriness.

... Research into super resolution has been ongoing for some time now, with tech companies like Google and Nvidia creating their own algorithms in the past few years. In each case, the software is trained on a dataset containing pairs of low-resolution and high-resolution images. The algorithm compares this data and creates rules for how the pixels change from image to image. Then when it’s shown a low-resolution picture it’s never seen before, it predicts what extra pixels are needed and inserts them.

Pixelmator’s creators told The Verge that their algorithm was made from scratch in order to be lightweight enough to run on users’ devices. ... It’s trained on a range of images in order to anticipate users’ different needs, but the training dataset is surprisingly small — just 15,000 samples were needed to create Pixelmator’s ML Super Resolution tool.


Blade Runner: Enhance 57-19; Track 45 Left; Stop!

------------------------------------------

Robot With Liquid Metal Tendons Can Heal Itself
https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/robotics-hardware/robot-with-liquid-metal-tendons-can-heal-itself

The more dynamic robots get, the more likely they are to break. Or rather, all robots are 100 percent guaranteed to break eventually (this is one of their defining characteristics). More dynamic robots will also break more violently. While they’re in the lab, this isn’t a big deal, but for long term real-world use, wouldn’t it be great if we could rely on robots to repair themselves?

Rather than give a robot a screwdriver and expect it to replace its own parts, though, a much more elegant solution is robots that can heal themselves more like animals, where for many common injuries, all you have to do is sit around for a little while and your body will magically fix itself. We’ve seen a few examples of this before using self-healing polymers, but for dynamic robots that run and jump, you need the strength of metal.

Last month, roboticists from the University of Tokyo’s JSK Lab presented a prototype for a robot leg with a tendon “fuse” made out of a metal that can repair fractures. It does that by autonomously melting itself down and reforming into a single piece.

It’s still a work in progress, but it’s basically a tiny little piece of the T-1000 Terminator. Great!


“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #258 on: December 18, 2019, 11:49:04 PM »
Light-Duty Autonomous Vehicles Get the Green Light in California
https://www.theverge.com/2019/12/18/21028288/self-driving-cars-light-duty-trucks-california-dmv



Autonomous, light-duty trucks can now be used for commercial purposes on public roads in California. The state’s Department of Motor Vehicles announced the proposal Tuesday, which outlines a permitting process for companies wishing to test or deploy driverless trucks for commercial use.

The new rule, which was first proposed in April 2019, only applies to autonomous vehicles weighing less than 10,001 pounds. That means only Class 1 and 2 trucks — which include minivans, pickup trucks, utility vans, and step vans — can receive permits for testing and commercial deliveries under the rule.

All vehicles in Class 3 through 8 that weigh more than 10,001 pounds — which include walk-in delivery trucks, semi trucks, buses, and heavy-duty construction vehicles — are not allowed under this permitting system.

... There are currently 65 companies permitted and over 670 autonomous vehicles that are licensed with the DMV, officials say. Waymo is the only company with a permit to test fully driverless vehicles — which means vehicles without human safety drivers behind the steering wheel — on public roads. (AutoX, a Chinese company, recently applied for a driverless permit, but has yet to be approved.)
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #259 on: December 19, 2019, 05:58:15 PM »
Episode One | How Far is Too Far? | The Age of A.I.



... "The message of the [first] episode is clear: machine learning can make us more human, not less, but we will have to think carefully about where we want to draw the line"

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-50851409
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #260 on: December 19, 2019, 06:30:43 PM »
Empathy in Artificial Intelligence
https://www.forbes.com/sites/cognitiveworld/2019/12/17/empathy-in-artificial-intelligence/

Humans are social creatures. We thrive on empathy. When we read a book out loud to our children, they can hear the emotions we imbue into the passages. With each tone and inflection, our children will remember the love we inject into their favorite books. They will remember their bedtime reading as a special moment. They will have fond memories of the books that we read to them.

We like to think that we are logical creatures. In truth, our emotions govern a large part of our intelligence. In a 2012 study, by Aron K. Barbey, et. al, neuroscientists confirmed that emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence share many neural systems for integrating cognitive, social, and affective processes. This study confirms what psychologists have suspected for decades: that there are interdependencies between emotional intelligence and general intelligence.

... “You can’t have ‘human-like’ intelligence (AGI) without personality or emotions. People don’t change behavior on information, they change it on emotion, emotional intelligence, and empathy”
- Steve Ardire


There are three parts of empathy that describe empathy to us.
  • Cognitive empathy - understanding another person's frame of reference.
  • Affective empathy - the capacity to respond with appropriate emotion.
  • Somatic empathy - physical reaction associated with the empathy process.

In artificial intelligent systems, if we want to move toward artificial general intelligence, empathy will be essential. Just like human intelligence is different from artificial intelligence, artificial empathy is different from human empathy.

Because empathy can be learned, artificial Intelligence can surely be equipped with artificial empathy in the years to come.

... In order for Artificial Intelligence to empathize with human emotions, artificial intelligence must have a way of learning about the range of emotions that we experience.

Emoshape is the first company to hold the patent technology for emotional synthesis. The emotion chip or EPU developed by Emoshape can enable any AI System to understand the range of emotions experienced by humans. At any moment, the EPU can understand 64 trillion possible emotional states every 1/10th of a second. The range of your emotions is mapped onto a gradient where the degree of each emotion can be observed.



In this video, Rachel, the robot is changing her facial expressions due to the emotions she is experiencing. Notice the nuances in her expressions made possible by her experience of the range of emotions.



--------------------------

Didn't Data from STNG get one of these chips https://memory-alpha.fandom.com/wiki/Emotion_chip
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #261 on: December 19, 2019, 06:35:50 PM »
DARPA Awards BAE Systems Development Deal for AI-Enhanced Battle Management Tools

https://www.janes.com/article/93250/darpa-awards-bae-systems-development-deal-for-ai-enhanced-battle-management-tools

The US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has selected a BAE Systems-led team to develop a new battle management application for US armed forces, designed to leverage artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to consolidate and co-ordinate multi-domain combat assets into a single command picture.

BAE Systems’ new AI-enabled MARS battlefield management tool hopes to automatically identify all combat assets across domains and provide cost-benefit analysis for all options



Currently in phase one of development, the Multi-domain Adaptive Request Service (MARS) software and application tool will eschew "manual processes to assess availability and coordinate use of sensors, communications, weapons, and other assets across domains" and transition them into an AI-enhanced system, according to a BAE Systems statement.

To scale the complex and demanding requirements of combat, the AI-enhanced software MARS programmers are working on is designed to automatically identify all support and sensor assets available to a combat commander, regardless of domain. The software programme will also be capable of "rapidly assessing the costs and benefits" tied to the employment of a given asset during the mission planning process though a visual interface on the MARS application, Eisenbies said.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #262 on: December 21, 2019, 03:28:04 PM »
Facial Recognition Systems Show Rampant Racial Bias, Government Study Finds
https://amp.cnn.com/cnn/2019/12/19/tech/facial-recognition-study-racial-bias/index.html

Federal researchers have found widespread evidence of racial bias in nearly 200 facial recognition algorithms in an extensive government study, highlighting the technology's shortcomings and potential for misuse.



Racial minorities were far more likely than whites to be misidentified in the US government's testing, the study found, raising fresh concerns about the software's impartiality even as more government agencies at the city, state and federal level clamor to use it.

In a release, Patrick Grother, one of the researchers behind the report, said race-based biases were evident in "the majority of the face recognition algorithms we studied." Compared to their performance against whites, some algorithms were up to 100 times more likely to confuse two different non-white people.

Report: https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2019/12/nist-study-evaluates-effects-race-age-sex-face-recognition-software

Asians, blacks and Native Americans were particularly likely to be misidentified, said the National Institute for Standards and Technology, a branch of the Commerce Department, which published the report on Thursday.

In another test, black women were likelier than other groups to be falsely identified in a large database of mugshots maintained by the FBI — offering a glimpse of how the technology could be misused by law enforcement.

The results add to growing alarm among policymakers, privacy groups and criminal justice activists about a technology that's growing increasingly common at airports, police departments and the border.



... The NIST research covered tools from nearly 100 vendors, including Intel, Microsoft and Toshiba, along with prominent Chinese companies such as Tencent and DiDi Chuxing.

Amazon, which sells facial recognition software to police departments, was not among the participants. The NIST told CNN Business that submissions were voluntary and that Amazon informed the agency that it did not think its software was compatible with the test.

... Earlier this month, the Department of Homeland Security proposed requiring US citizens and green-card holders to undergo facial recognition checks before they enter or exit the country. ...
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #263 on: December 21, 2019, 07:05:49 PM »
AI & Robots Crush Foes In Army Wargame
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/12/ai-robots-crush-foes-in-army-wargame/

How big a difference does it make when you reinforce foot troops with drones and ground robots? You get about a 10–fold increase in combat power, according to a recent Army wargame.



“Their capabilities were awesome,” said Army Capt. Philip Belanger, a Ranger Regiment and Stryker Brigade veteran who commanded a robot-reinforced platoon in nearly a dozen computer-simulated battles at the Fort Benning’s Maneuver Battle Lab. “We reduced the risk to US forces to zero, basically, and still were able to accomplish the mission.”

That mission: dislodge a defending company of infantry, about 120 soldiers, with a single platoon of just 40 attackers on foot. That’s a task that would normally be assigned to a battalion of over 600. In other words, instead of the minimum 3:1 superiority in numbers that military tradition requires for a successful attack, Belanger’s simulated force was outnumbered 1:3.

... Instead of being limited to the immediate field of view of their simulated soldiers, they could send the drones ahead to scout. Instead of being able to engage the enemy about 500 meters away (not quite a third of a mile) – or less in dense terrain like a jungle or a city – they could spot and attack them from 5,000 meters (more than three miles).

Quote
“The key technology was a platoon artificial intelligence cloud,” ... “the architecture that allowed our soldiers to be able to control robotic systems that were extending their reach within that battlespace.”

Each individual drone and ground robot needs its own narrow AI to navigate over terrain, analyze data from its sensors, and communicate with the rest of the force. But the most important AI is an overarching artificial intelligence to coordinate the whole platoon – an AI that doesn’t reside in any one physical location, but exists in a wireless cloud.

Instead of a single, central supercomputer that could be blown up, hacked, or have its communications jammed, the coordinating intelligence is distributed across multiple mini-servers carried by robotic vehicles and, potentially, individual soldiers. If one server is destroyed or loses communications, there are still others on the platoon network.



---------------------------------

John Connor: ...By the time Skynet became self-aware it had spread into millions of computer servers across the planet. Ordinary computers in office buildings, dorm rooms; everywhere. It was software; in cyberspace. There was no system core; it could not be shutdown. ...

- Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines - (2003)

---------------------------------

'Grow and Prune' AI Mimics Brain Development, Slashes Energy Use
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-prune-ai-mimics-brain-slashes.html

... "Our approach is what we call a grow-and-prune paradigm," said Professor of Electrical Engineering Niraj Jha. "It's similar to what a brain does from when we are a baby to when we are a toddler." In its third year, the human brain starts snipping away connections between brain cells. This process continues into adulthood, so that the fully developed brain operates at roughly half its synaptic peak.

"The adult brain is specialized to whatever training we've provided it," Jha said. "It's not as good for general-purpose learning as a toddler brain."

Growing and pruning results in software that requires a fraction of the computational power, and so uses far less energy, to make equally good predictions about the world. Constraining energy use is critical in getting this kind of advanced AI—called machine learning—onto small devices like phones and watches.

Xiaoliang Dai et al. NeST: A Neural Network Synthesis Tool Based on a Grow-and-Prune Paradigm, IEEE Transactions on Computers (2019). DOI: 10.1109/TC.2019.2914438

ChamNet: Towards Efficient Network Design Through Platform-Aware Model Adaptation The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2019, pp. 11398-11407.

http://openaccess.thecvf.com/content_CVPR_2019/html/Dai_ChamNet_Towards_Efficient_Network_Design_Through_Platform-Aware_Model_Adaptation_CVPR_2019_paper.html

--------------------------------------

Facebook's AI Mathematician Can Solve University Calculus Problems
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2228399-facebooks-ai-mathematician-can-solve-university-calculus-problems/

Machines are getting better at maths – artificial intelligence has learned to solve university-level calculus problems in seconds.

François Charton and Guillaume Lample at Facebook AI Research trained an AI on tens of millions of calculus problems randomly generated by a computer. The problems were mathematical expressions that involved integration, a common technique in calculus for finding the area under a curve.

... When the pair tested the AI on 500 calculus problems, it found a solution with an accuracy of 98 per cent. A comparable standard program for solving maths problems had only an accuracy of 85 per cent on the same problems.

The team also gave the AI differential equations to solve, which are other equations that require integration to solve as well as other techniques. For these equations, the AI wasn’t quite as good, solving them correctly 81 per cent for one type of differential equation and 40 per cent on a harder type. Despite this, it could still correctly answer questions that confounded other maths programs.

Doing calculus on a computer isn’t especially useful in practice, but with further training AI might one day be able to tackle maths problems that are too hard for humans to crack, says Charton.

https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.01412



---------------------------------------

Model Beats Wall Street Analysts in Forecasting Business Financials
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-wall-street-analysts-business-financials.html

-------------------------------------

Twitter, Facebook Ban Fake Users; Some Had AI-Created Photos
https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-twitter-facebook-fake-users-ai-created.html

---------------------------------------

Navy To Slash 24 Ships in 2021 Plan, Bolster Unmanned Effort
https://breakingdefense.com/2019/12/navy-to-slash-24-ships-in-2021-plan-bolster-unmanned-effort/

... Today, unmanned ships — no matter how lethal or effective they might be — are not considered part of the fleet, but the Navy is working on buying several large and medium-unmanned surface vessels that could fire the opening salvos in a future conflict. The 2020 defense budget provides $407 million for the Navy to buy large unmanned surface vessels, but does not allow the service to arm them with missile-carrying vertical launch systems - just yet.

To help the service boost the size of the fleet, OMB ordered the Pentagon to “submit a legislative proposal to redefine a battleforce ship to include unmanned ships, complete with clearly defined capability and performance thresholds to define a ship’s inclusion in the overall battleforce ship count.”

... The Navy is already testing unmanned ships of a significantly larger 2,000-ton displacement design, in cooperation with the Office of the Secretary of Defense's Strategic Capabilities Office (SCO), as part of the Ghost Fleet Overlord program.

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #264 on: December 21, 2019, 08:45:13 PM »
^^
The only thing that gives me hope is remembering the USS Donald Cook's encounter with the SU-24 back in 2014.


https://www.voltairenet.org/article185860.html

sorry for the original link!
Thanks to nanning's post I've edited my link which is now safe.


Anyway the Russian's apparently jammed every electronic thing on board & the ship headed straight for the nearest port for repairs.
If something similar isn't possible, the only other defence would be a small nuke to disrupt communication in the region with an EMT designed to thwart the advancing robots.


That's a path that I don't think anyone wants to tread.
Terry
« Last Edit: December 22, 2019, 07:58:03 AM by TerryM »

nanning

  • Nilas ice
  • Posts: 2093
  • 0Kg CO₂, 37 KWh/wk,125L H₂O/wk, No offspring
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 325
  • Likes Given: 17513
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #265 on: December 22, 2019, 06:11:15 AM »
<snip>
sorry for the length of that link!

That link is so long because it contains many profilisation and association secret data for media corporations. Vox also posted a bad link in the heatwaves thread. I'm trying to make you guys&girls aware of this.

This is the clean link (always cut it starting with the first "?"):
https://www.voltairenet.org/article185860.html

To all: please post clean links otherwise all people that click on it give away more information than they're aware of.
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
"It is preoccupation with what other people from your groups think of you, that prevents you from living freely and nobly" - Nanning
Why do you keep accumulating stuff?

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #266 on: December 22, 2019, 07:54:49 AM »
^^
Thanks nanning
I've read your warnings before, but now that I've done the dirty deed myself I'll be much more careful in the future.
I'll repair my error
Thanks again!
Terry

Rob Dekker

  • Nilas ice
  • Posts: 2386
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 123
  • Likes Given: 119
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #267 on: December 24, 2019, 09:04:25 AM »
I posted before that in machine design, it is VERY hard for us to make a machine do something useful.

In fact, the mere fact that there are so many people working in technology fields is an indication that machines are pretty hopeless without us.

This is specifically interesting when people are afraid of AI or even think that machines will be taking over our lives.

To get a better perspective, here is a really good tutorial that explains how neural networks work.



Once you are through this, you should have a much better idea of what 'learning' an AI machine really means.

Also, the more complex machines become, the more dependent they are on us.
Just think for example about the IC manufacturing plants needed to make these complex AI chips.

So maybe this provides some comfort that we are VERY far away from machines or robots to take over our lives.

At BEST, these AI machines will actually help us do our work more efficiently, which should be considered a positive development.

[edit] And at WORST, they don't work. Which means somebody (human) needs to fix them.
« Last Edit: December 25, 2019, 10:36:02 AM by Rob Dekker »
This is our planet. This is our time.
Let's not waste either.

cognitivebias2

  • Frazil ice
  • Posts: 115
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 29
  • Likes Given: 18
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #268 on: December 24, 2019, 02:03:11 PM »
The University of Helsinki provides a free online course on AI:

https://course.elementsofai.com/

Apologies for lack of credit if I first read about that here...  I don't recall.  I took the course myself yesterday, it's a good primer.

 

nanning

  • Nilas ice
  • Posts: 2093
  • 0Kg CO₂, 37 KWh/wk,125L H₂O/wk, No offspring
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 325
  • Likes Given: 17513
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #269 on: December 24, 2019, 04:21:01 PM »
I was told long ago that computers would mean we would work much less in the future (now). Three days a week with the same productivity.
What happen?
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
"It is preoccupation with what other people from your groups think of you, that prevents you from living freely and nobly" - Nanning
Why do you keep accumulating stuff?

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #270 on: December 24, 2019, 06:36:53 PM »
^^
Our productivity did increase! ;)


The bankers and the corporations kept those productivity gains, and spent a small proportion of it to keep us working for less. :(


Now those that can't afford AI can't compete. >:(


Ain't the future wonderful ::)
Terry

nanning

  • Nilas ice
  • Posts: 2093
  • 0Kg CO₂, 37 KWh/wk,125L H₂O/wk, No offspring
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 325
  • Likes Given: 17513
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #271 on: December 24, 2019, 08:43:18 PM »
Productivity did increase? I think that would mean we would only have to work for two days a week ;).
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
"It is preoccupation with what other people from your groups think of you, that prevents you from living freely and nobly" - Nanning
Why do you keep accumulating stuff?

Tom_Mazanec

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3179
    • View Profile
    • Planet Mazanec
  • Liked: 586
  • Likes Given: 227
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #272 on: December 24, 2019, 09:34:37 PM »
Instead of working two days we work five days and get two days worth of pay. The One Percent get the other three days worth.
SHARKS (CROSSED OUT) MONGEESE (SIC) WITH FRICKIN LASER BEAMS ATTACHED TO THEIR HEADS

Sebastian Jones

  • Frazil ice
  • Posts: 392
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 97
  • Likes Given: 81
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #273 on: December 25, 2019, 02:07:54 AM »
Regarding the link to the USS Cook incident in the Black Sea: https://www.voltairenet.org/article185860., The story seemed so spooky that I did some (very) elementary research on the incident. According  to the (almost always) reliable Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Donald_Cook, "In 2014, Russia′s state-run news media outlets ran a series of reports that falsely asserted that during that incident the Su-24, equipped with the Khibiny electronic warfare system, had disabled the ship's Aegis combat systems. The misinformation was later picked up by the British tabloid The Sun and by Fox News, and later reported as Russian propaganda by The New York Times.https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/07/world/europe/anatomy-of-fake-news-russian-propaganda.html"  In 2016, the Cook had another, more serious, encounter in the Baltic Sea. It deployed to the Black Sea again in February 2019 to provide moral support and training opportunities to Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria.
In Canada, the Canadian Press agency has developed a "Baloney Meter" to inform the public if a politician's latest sound bite is true, mostly true, partly false or "Full of Baloney". This story is the latter.

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #274 on: December 27, 2019, 06:06:13 PM »

Sebastian

Parts of the story are certainly BS. I'm not certain that all of it was.
I followed it closely when first reported, Sail-Tracker, manufacturer of the 'device', employees ect.
The Cook did slow down to a crawl, then limp into port. Spent some weeks in port, then left the Black Sea (I believe under escort?).
Not sure what occurred, but reasonably sure that something did.
This was in a period when American warships began running into other ships with some regularity. No idea if these accidents are somehow related to the Cook incident.
All of the American aircraft carriers returned to (Miami)? a few months later. Apparently the first time the entire fleet had been serviced at one time.


I'm no longer familiar with the details, but believe that something occured & that someone went to great lengths to bury the facts.
Terry


gerontocrat

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 8672
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 3382
  • Likes Given: 25
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #275 on: December 27, 2019, 06:19:26 PM »
Given my age, at which one's thoughts turn more often to the inevitable, will I be buried/cremated /composted by a human or be recycled by a robot ?
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

TerryM

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 6002
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 900
  • Likes Given: 5
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #276 on: December 28, 2019, 12:43:18 AM »
^^
My understanding is that the whole process has been automated for decades. Someone pushes the button, the fire flares up, the casket is slid into the furnace and the doors automatically close, after a set time the process reverses, the fire turns off, the door swings open and the ashes are removed and dumped into the prefered receptacle.


Clean sanitary and pushing the button is the only human involvement. A disassembly line as efficient as one of Toyota's best assembly lines.


At least that's my how it appears in the movies. ???
Terry

sidd

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 5587
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 772
  • Likes Given: 0
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #277 on: December 28, 2019, 11:24:03 PM »
Chaos Computer Conference has begun:

https://media.ccc.de/

Chekitout. Always good.

sidd

gerontocrat

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 8672
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 3382
  • Likes Given: 25
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #278 on: December 29, 2019, 12:19:26 PM »
^^
My understanding is that the whole process has been automated for decades. Someone pushes the button, the fire flares up, the casket is slid into the furnace and the doors automatically close, after a set time the process reverses, the fire turns off, the door swings open and the ashes are removed and dumped into the prefered receptacle.


Clean sanitary and pushing the button is the only human involvement. A disassembly line as efficient as one of Toyota's best assembly lines.


At least that's my how it appears in the movies. ???
Terry
"pushing the button is the only human involvement" Surely AI logically progresses until the human no longer pushes the button. (Boom?)
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

ruffed

  • New ice
  • Posts: 10
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2
  • Likes Given: 43
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #279 on: December 29, 2019, 03:13:19 PM »
<snip, more context, please; N.>
« Last Edit: December 29, 2019, 10:37:33 PM by Neven »

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #280 on: December 29, 2019, 07:02:36 PM »
 :)

---------------------------------

Attack of the Terrifying Robot Vacuum
https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2019/12/attack-of-the-terrifying-robot-vacuum/

Earlier this week, alarmed in the middle of the night by a noise downstairs, a North Carolina man named Thomas sent his wife to "a safe place" and then grabbed his phone to flip on some smart lights in the kitchen. He picked up his gun and joined his wife, who called the police. As they were waiting, the couple listened to the intruder below.

"We heard more noises downstairs and were increasingly alarmed," wrote Thomas on social media the next day. "All my military training came back to me, I started analyzing the path the intruder would take, their line of fire if they entered the room in certain ways, and where we should be to decrease our risk of getting hurt. All I kept thinking about and listening for was my little 2 year old next door to us, alone, and sound asleep. I was ready to do whatever I needed to do if I heard her door open."

The cops arrived and entered the lower level of the house. Thomas had his gun pointed at the bedroom door as he listened to the cries of "Sheriff's office!" below. The 911 dispatcher, who was still on the phone, soon told Thomas to put down his weapon and go talk to the police. Thomas left the bedroom.

Quote
... The police all had their lights shining up the stairs, I put my hands so they could see me, I was only in my boxers, lovely...I know.

They all started holstering their weapons and said "Sir, I have one question..."

Me with adrenaline flowing rapidly, "Sure."

Police, "Is this ROOMBA yours?"

Yes, it was the family's new Christmas Roomba robotic vacuum, which had "somehow turned itself on and was vacuuming our house without us having scheduled it." It had gotten stuck and was making some terrible bumping noises. The police were good sports about it ...

-------------------------------

Never Let a Roomba Near a Turd in the Middle of the Night
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/16/distraught-couple-wake-up-to-worst-nightmare-after-robot-vacuum/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/aug/15/roomba-robot-vacuum-poopocalypse-facebook-post



A couple from Arkansas have revealed the horror of waking up to discover their house covered in dog faeces after a mishap with their robot vacuum.

Jesse Newton warned: ...  “Do not, under any circumstances, let your Roomba run over dog poop. If the unthinkable does happen, and your Roomba runs over dog poop, stop it immediately and do not let it continue the cleaning cycle. Because if that happens, it will spread the dog poop over every conceivable surface within its reach, resulting in a home that closely resembles a Jackson Pollock poop painting.

“It will be on your floorboards. It will be on your furniture legs. It will be on your carpets. It will be on your rugs. It will be on your kids' toy boxes. If it's near the floor, it will have poop on it. Those awesome wheels, which have a checkered surface for better traction, left 25-foot poop trails all over the house.”

He added: “Then, when your four-year-old gets up at 3am to crawl into your bed, you'll wonder why he smells like dog poop. And you'll walk into the living room. And you'll wonder why the floor feels slightly gritty. And you'll see a brown-encrusted, vaguely Roomba-shaped thing sitting in the middle of the floor with a glowing green light, like everything's okay. Like it's proud of itself. You were still half-asleep until this point, but now you wake up pretty damn quickly.

“And then the horror. Oh the horror.” ...


... Engineers are working on it.

---------------------------------

Computer Scientists Say AI’s Underdeveloped Ethics Have Yet To Move Beyond Libertarian Phase
https://www.theonion.com/computer-scientists-say-ai-s-underdeveloped-ethics-have-1834209623/amp

-----------------------------------

The Pros And Cons Of Artificial Intelligence
https://www.theonion.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-artificial-intelligence-1819592404/amp

« Last Edit: December 30, 2019, 05:10:52 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

sidd

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 5587
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 772
  • Likes Given: 0
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #281 on: December 30, 2019, 12:22:24 AM »
"Police, "Is this ROOMBA yours?" "

What ! they didnt shoot it ? Must have been the white model, not the black one.

sidd

vox_mundi

  • Young ice
  • Posts: 3544
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 2102
  • Likes Given: 286
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #282 on: December 30, 2019, 06:17:11 PM »
A Big And Bizarre Drone Mystery Is Unfolding In Rural Colorado
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/31631/there-is-a-big-and-bizarre-drone-mystery-unfolding-in-rural-colorado

  • Mysterious swarms of giant drones have dotted the Colorado and Nebraska night sky since last week, The Denver Post first reported.
  • The drones appear and disappear at roughly the same time each night in swarms of at least 17 and up to 30. The drones appear to measure about 6 feet across. They appear to be able to fly for several hours.
  • Local law enforcement, the FAA, DEA, U.S. Army, and the Air Force have said they have no idea what these aircraft are or who they belong to. They do not appear to be malicious, however, and a drone expert says they appear to be searching or mapping out the area.
  • The flights are not legally occurring, which makes the whole affair quite suspicious. The fact that the activity is happening after sundown is even more intriguing and adds to the notion that whoever is doing this knows it is outside the bounds of FAA regulations.

... The reality is that an individual or small group with some resources can do this. It doesn't need to be a federal agency, the military, or some defense or aviation contractor. Although it all sounds relatively innocuous, it is possibly yet another sign of the potential threats small, commercially available unmanned aircraft pose. If the grid pattern reports are accurate and autonomous waypoint navigation is being used by these drones, it can be posited that similar basic concepts of operation were used in the game-changing attack on Saudi oil facilities in September. Furthermore, drones of this size can carry a relevant payload of deadly explosives instead of surveillance or electronic warfare gear. 17 drones flying at once that can surveil a broad area could be re-roled by a nefarious actor to strike 17 pinpoint fixed targets near-simultaneously, or swarm against a single high value one from multiple directions.

In addition, it would be very challenging to trace these aircraft back to their place of origin or point of flight termination. The drones could fly the majority of their missions with lights on and turn them off during launch and recovery. With very little ambient light, they would be all but undetectable to the naked eye. Also, remember that drones this size can takeoff from very small areas, so it's not like a runway is needed or anything like that. As such, they can originate from nearly anywhere.

... It is worth noting that not far where these drones were sighted, F.E. Warren Air Force Base's intercontinental ballistic missile fields begin. Roughly 30 miles northwest of Haxtun.

----------------------------

Elsewhere ...



----------------------------



Here is a vegetable weeding robot designed to increase efficiency on large-scale vegetable farms. It works autonomously and can cover up to 12 acres in 9 hours. It uses GPS and camera to get the job done with accuracy.

----------------------------



Meet Bob from Naio Technologies: a crawler robot that helps farmers automate weeding and tillage. This electric machine has a speed of up to 3km/h. It can handle lands up to 3 ha a day. The robot has a camera, laser, and other smart tech to get the job done.

-----------------------------



Here is another farming robot that can assist small farm holders with repetitive tasks. The Digital Farmhand Farming Robot has spray boom arms, seeder, and data collection capability. The data collected can be used to monitor plant health.

------------------------------



--------------------------



Volvo's autonomous carrier

--------------------------



Digit is a pretty neat bipedal robot with 4DOF arms that can grab and move items. It is strong enough to pick up items up to 40lbs. As we have covered in the past, Digit v2 robots have dynamic obstacle avoidance too. This video shows how multiple Digit bots can work as a team.

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

gerontocrat

  • First-year ice
  • Posts: 8672
    • View Profile
  • Liked: 3382
  • Likes Given: 25
Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #283 on: December 30, 2019, 07:52:58 PM »
    A Big And Bizarre Drone Mystery Is Unfolding In Rural Colorado
    https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/31631/there-is-a-big-and-bizarre-drone-mystery-unfolding-in-rural-colorado

    • Mysterious swarms of giant drones have dotted the Colorado and Nebraska night sky since last week, The Denver Post first reported.
    The drones appear to measure about 6 feet across. They appear to be able to fly for several hours.[/li][/list]

    ... The reality is that an individual or small group with some resources can do this. It doesn't need to be a federal agency, the military, or some defense or aviation contractor. Although it all sounds relatively innocuous, it is possibly yet another sign of the potential threats small, commercially available unmanned aircraft pose. If the grid pattern reports are accurate and autonomous waypoint navigation is being used by these drones, it can be posited that similar basic concepts of operation were used in the game-changing attack on Saudi oil facilities in September. Furthermore, drones of this size can carry a relevant payload of deadly explosives instead of surveillance or electronic warfare gear. 17 drones flying at once that can surveil a broad area could be re-roled by a nefarious actor to strike 17 pinpoint fixed targets near-simultaneously, or swarm against a single high value one from multiple directions.

    In addition, it would be very challenging to trace these aircraft back to their place of origin or point of flight termination.

    Does not matter if you can trace the drones back.

    Imagine.
    I am on a beach somewhere - the Maldives are nice. Some days or weeks ago, my drones somewhere else learnt their flight path, got fully charged and locked and loaded. They know when they are to attack. Mind you, they will check the weather forecast first and delay if necessary.

    When it is time, another little robot opens the shed doors and off they go. Back in the shed the robot there sets off the small thermite(?) bomb to obliterate all traces of the shed and what was done there.

    BOOM! Another aircraft carrier bites the dust water.

    Me? "I wasn't there, I didn't do it".
    ________________________________________
    Asymmetric / AI warfare. What super fun![/list]
    « Last Edit: January 01, 2020, 04:10:16 AM by gerontocrat »
    "Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
    "And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
    "Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #284 on: January 02, 2020, 06:12:36 PM »
    What's Better Than a Robot Warship? A 'Talking' Robot Warship
    https://newatlas.com/military/us-navy-teach-robotic-ships-talk/

    The U.S. Navy is embarking on an effort to turn at least some ships of the battle fleet into unmanned, robot warriors. One problem with unmanned ships: they must still interact with civilian ships, particularly in congested waterways. The Navy’s goal is ships that not only understand queries from human sailors on nearby ships but can also talk with those humans how their two ships, one manned the other unmanned, will pass one another safely.

    ... In its request, the Navy says that it wants to follow a three-phase development process. In the first phase, the goal will be to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept – especially the capacity to understand simple, common call ups like "Sea Hunter, this is Sun Princess; propose a port-to-port passage" when spoken by native English speakers.

    Phase II of the project will include adding VHF radio capability, and understanding non-native English speakers. Phase III will involve taking the entire effort and making a usable system that can be deployed on the Navy’s robotic warships.


    Theodore Tugboat
    « Last Edit: January 02, 2020, 07:18:23 PM by vox_mundi »
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    gerontocrat

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 8672
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 3382
    • Likes Given: 25
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #285 on: January 02, 2020, 07:25:58 PM »
    As a change from loads-o-money being thrown into AI for new ways of killing people, here is a small amount of money used to help people.


    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-50857759
    AI 'outperforms' doctors diagnosing breast cancer
    Quote
    Artificial intelligence is more accurate than doctors in diagnosing breast cancer from mammograms, a study in the journal Nature suggests.

    An international team, including researchers from Google Health and Imperial College London, designed and trained a computer model on X-ray images from nearly 29,000 women.

    The algorithm outperformed six radiologists in reading mammograms.

    AI was still as good as two doctors working together.

    Unlike humans, AI is tireless. Experts say it could improve detection.

    How good is it?
    The current system in the NHS uses two radiologists to analyse each woman's X-rays. In rare cases where they disagree, a third doctor assesses the images.

    In the research study, an AI model was given anonymised images, so that the women could not be identified.

    Unlike the human experts, who had access to the patient's history, AI had only the mammograms to go on.

    The results showed that the AI model was as good as the current double-reading system of two doctors.

    And it was actually superior at spotting cancer than a single doctor.

    Compared to one radiologist, there was a reduction of 1.2% in false positives, when a mammogram is incorrectly diagnosed as abnormal.

    There was also a reduction of 2.7% in false negatives, where a cancer is missed.

    Dominic King from Google Health said: "Our team is really proud of these research findings, which suggest that we are on our way to developing a tool that can help clinicians spot breast cancer with greater accuracy."

    Most of the mammograms came from Cancer Research UK's OPTIMAM dataset collected from St George's Hospital London, the Jarvis Breast Centre in Guildford and Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge.

    It takes over a decade of training as a doctor and specialist to become a radiologist, capable of interpreting mammograms.

    Reading X-rays is vital but time-consuming work, and there is an estimated shortage of more than 1,000 radiologists across the UK.

    Will AI take over from humans?
    No. It took humans to design and train the artificial intelligence model.

    This was a research study, and as yet the AI system has not been let loose in the clinic.

    Even when it is, at least one radiologist would remain in charge of diagnosis.

    But AI could largely do away with the need for dual reading of mammograms by two doctors, easing pressure on their workload, say researchers.

    Prof Ara Darzi, report co-author and director of the Cancer Research UK (CRUK) Imperial Centre, told the BBC: "This went far beyond my expectations. It will have a significant impact on improving the quality of reporting, and also free up radiologists to do even more important things."

    Women aged between 50 and 70 are invited for NHS breast screening every three years - those who are older can ask to be screened.

    The use of AI could eventually speed up diagnosis, as images can be analysed within seconds by the computer algorithm.

    Sara Hiom, director of cancer intelligence and early diagnosis at CRUK, told the BBC: "This is promising early research which suggests that in future it may be possible to make screening more accurate and efficient, which means less waiting and worrying for patients, and better outcomes."

    "Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
    "And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
    "Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #286 on: January 02, 2020, 08:45:41 PM »
    Artificial intelligence in radiology: friend or foe? Where are we now and where are we heading?
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385326/

    ... Dr. Vijay M Rao, the president of the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA), described how some associate deans in her institution had mentioned to medical students that radiology jobs would be replaced by AI and advised them not to go into radiology, which was the cause of rising anxiety among junior medical trainees. ... extreme predictions see entire disciplines, such as radiology and dermatology, disappearing as they are replaced by AI.

    ... According to the UK Royal College of Radiologists, the percentage of unfilled consultant radiology posts has been increasing and recently hit 10.3%.

    ... Xiaoyi, an AI-powered robot in China, recently took the national medical licensing examination and passed, making it the first robot to have done so. Not only did the robot pass the exam, it actually earned a score of 456 points, which is 96 points above the required marks
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    Rob Dekker

    • Nilas ice
    • Posts: 2386
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 123
    • Likes Given: 119
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #287 on: January 03, 2020, 05:16:21 AM »
    Parts of the story are certainly BS. I'm not certain that all of it was.
    I followed it closely when first reported, Sail-Tracker, manufacturer of the 'device', employees ect.
    The Cook did slow down to a crawl, then limp into port. Spent some weeks in port, then left the Black Sea (I believe under escort?).
    Not sure what occurred, but reasonably sure that something did.

    Yes. Something did happen : A Russian journalist (Dmitri Sedov) wrote a satire piece on facebook.

    The myth took off from there, via Rossiya-1 (Russia's TV1 network) to the Sun and the Daily Star, and to Fox News (before they took down the piece).

    Even the manufacturer of the Khibiny system itself made a serious attempt to stop this nonsense and debunk the myth :

    Quote
    ...the manufacturer of the electronic warfare weapons itself announced that the report was false.

    The company, known by its acronym, KRET, published an article in February 2015 saying that the Khibiny system was not installed on the particular plane and that while it can neutralize enemy radar, the article that said it completely shut down the American destroyer “is nothing but a newspaper hoax.”

    https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/07/world/europe/anatomy-of-fake-news-russian-propaganda.html

    So this was another example of :

    A lie can travel halfway around the world before the truth can get its boots on.

    « Last Edit: January 03, 2020, 05:22:08 AM by Rob Dekker »
    This is our planet. This is our time.
    Let's not waste either.

    TerryM

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 6002
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 900
    • Likes Given: 5
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #288 on: January 03, 2020, 05:09:11 PM »
    Perhaps the radiologists can be retrained as coal mine laborers. ::)


    It seems as though those who think for a living may need to rethink their career path.



    Terry

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #289 on: January 03, 2020, 05:30:23 PM »


    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    TerryM

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 6002
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 900
    • Likes Given: 5
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #290 on: January 03, 2020, 09:05:32 PM »
    There was a large warehouse built at North Las Vegas in the '90s. The feds financed it because of the terrible employment situation in the area. No windows, no desks, no HVAC, one toilet & sink.
    Contractors from out of state were called in to build it because of its ultra modern design - everything possible was automated.
    When completed it required a janitor and around the clock security. Some felt it was a bad use of federal funds earmarked to relieve unemployment.


    AI has advanced since those times. If built today the janitor's position could easily be eliminated.
    Terry

    Tom_Mazanec

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3179
      • View Profile
      • Planet Mazanec
    • Liked: 586
    • Likes Given: 227
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #291 on: January 03, 2020, 09:26:29 PM »
    TerryM:
    And we are working on the security.
    SHARKS (CROSSED OUT) MONGEESE (SIC) WITH FRICKIN LASER BEAMS ATTACHED TO THEIR HEADS

    TerryM

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 6002
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 900
    • Likes Given: 5
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #292 on: January 03, 2020, 10:10:47 PM »
    That's what scares me!
    Terry

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #293 on: January 03, 2020, 10:57:47 PM »
    The largest tea factories in the world located in Rize, Turkey. Handles 133,000 tons of dried tea per year.



    Count the number of humans working here.

    (... Something tells me the forklift operator is going to get layed-off before the end of the year.)

    ----------------------------

    One of these days ...

    « Last Edit: January 03, 2020, 11:38:08 PM by vox_mundi »
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    sidd

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 5587
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 772
    • Likes Given: 0
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #294 on: January 04, 2020, 12:33:31 AM »
     facial recognition algorithms are defective:

    "most systems had a higher rate of false positive matches for Asian and African-American faces over Caucasian faces, sometimes by a factor of 10 or even 100. "

    "face recognition algorithms developed in Asian countries, which produced very little difference in false positives between Asian and Caucasian faces."

    "Algorithms developed in the US were all consistently bad at matching Asian, African-American, and Native American faces. Native Americans suffered the highest false positive rates."

    " One-to-many matching, systems had the worst false positive rates for African-American women, which puts this population at the highest risk for being falsely accused of a crime."

    https://www.technologyreview.com/f/614986/ai-face-recognition-racist-us-government-nist-study/
    https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2019/12/nist-study-evaluates-effects-race-age-sex-face-recognition-software

    sidd


    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #295 on: January 04, 2020, 01:48:20 AM »
    See also #262
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #296 on: January 09, 2020, 05:54:15 PM »
    WHOI Underwater Robot Takes First-Known Automated Ocean Sample
    https://phys.org/news/2020-01-whoi-underwater-robot-first-known-automated.html

    A hybrid remotely operated vehicle developed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) took the first known automated sample performed by a robotic arm in the ocean. Last month, an international team of researchers used one of WHOI's underwater robots, Nereid Under Ice (NUI), to explore Kolumbo volcano, an active submarine volcano off Greece's famed Santorini island.

    Slightly smaller than a Smart Car, NUI was equipped with Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based automated planning software—including a planner named "Spock'—that enabled the ROV to decide which sites to visit in the volcano and take samples autonomously.

    "For a vehicle to take a sample without a pilot driving it was a huge step forward," says Rich Camilli, an associate scientist at WHOI leading the development of automation technology as part of NASA's Planetary Science and Technology from Analog Research (PSTAR) interdisciplinary research program. "One of our goals was to toss out the joystick, and we were able to do just that."

    ... Billings says this level of automation will be important for NASA as they look toward developing technologies to explore ocean worlds beyond our solar system. "If we have this grand vision of sending robots to places like Europa and Enceladus [the moons of Jupiter and Saturn, respectively], they will ultimately need to work independently like this and without the assistance of a pilot," he says.

    "We can eventually see having a network of cognitive ocean robots where there's a shared intelligence spanning an entire fleet, with each vehicle working cooperatively like bees in a hive," Camilli says. "It will go well beyond losing the joystick."



    ---------------------------------------

    Two-Legged Delivery Robots Walk Upright, Threaten Warehouse Jobs
    https://screenrant.com/ford-agility-digit-delivery-robots/

    If artificial intelligence doesn't steal your job, the bi-pedal Digit robot might. Especially now that's it up for sale and Ford already a buyer.

    Agility Robotics has now sold its first Digit bi-pedal robot and the buyer is Ford. The Digit robot has been seen as one possible solution to what is often referred to as the “last-mile” problem for delivery companies. However, in solving that problem, Digit does raise the issue of what this could potentially mean for human workers in those sectors.

    Digit has been in development for some time and is essentially a robot that stands and walks on two new legs. While a bi-pedal robot could be of use in many work placements, it has garnered specific interest from the home and office delivery sectors. The reason being that while self-driving cars are now starting to roll out for deliveries in more locations, they can only get from A to B, not from B to the delivery door. Solutions like Digit have been viewed as a possible fix for this last-mile issue as they could potentially ride in a self-driving car and then complete the delivery on foot. Now, it now looks like Digit has taken the next step on the journey to becoming part of the workforce.



    ... "As online retailing continues growing, we believe robots will help our commercial customers build stronger businesses by making deliveries more efficient and affordable for all of us." said Ken Washington, chief technology officer and vice president of Ford Research and Advanced Engineering. "We learned a lot this year working with Agility, and now we can accelerate our exploratory work with commercial Digit robots."

    ... Digit comes with a bevy of features that make it optimal for usage in factories like the ones Ford has. It can walk upright and can tightly fold itself so it can be stored in a car.

    "Digit represents a major milestone for Agility," said Agility CEO Dr. Damion Shelton. "For the first time, a full humanoid robot -- with both mobility and manipulation capabilities --will be available for customer applications in a wide variety of industries, both indoor and outdoor. We look forward to showing off our work on both logistics and non-logistics tasks in the coming months."

    https://www.techrepublic.com/article/ford-becomes-first-customer-to-incorporate-agility-robotics-into-factory/

    -------------------------------------

    Samsung's New Neon 'Artificial Human' Project is Finally Unveiled: It's Looks Like AI Dystopia
    https://mashable.com/article/neon-future-ai-dystopia-ces/

    ... They're designed to have conversations and behave like real humans. They form memories and learn new skills but don't have a physical embodiment, at least not now. Neons can help with "goal-oriented tasks or can be personalized to assist in tasks that require human touch." They can act as teachers, financial advisers, health care providers, concierges, actors, spokespeople or TV anchors.

    ... Stick one on local news in front of extreme weather, reading online updates, and they'd pass a Turing test

    While they can borrow traits of real people and have a similar look and voice, they can't be exact copies of existing humans, Neon said. And each Neon is unique, with its own personality.



    ... The Neon artificial humans are powered by two pieces of Neon proprietary technology. The first, called Core R3, stands for "reality, realtime and responsive." That's what makes the Neons respond quickly and in a lifelike manner. The second is called Spectra, which is responsible for intelligence, learning, emotions and memory.

    Neon describes Core R3 as an advance in the "domains of behavioral neural networks, evolutionary generative intelligence and computational reality." The company said it's "inspired by the rhythmic complexities of nature and extensively trained with how humans look, behave and interact." The latency of Core R3, or how long it takes to respond to queries, is less than a few milliseconds, letting the Neons react and respond in real time.

    "CORE R3 can computationally create lifelike reality that is beyond normal perception to distinguish," Neon said in its FAQ.

    ... Neon's technology appears to be flirting with the "uncanny valley," the sensation of disgust some people experience when they encounter something that looks very similar to, but isn't exactly, a person.

    -------------------------------------

    New Trump Autonomous Vehicle Plan Lets Industry Regulate Itself. (... What Could Possibly Go Wrong?)
    https://techxplore.com/news/2020-01-autonomous-vehicle-industry.html

    The Trump administration on Wednesday unveiled its most recent round of guidelines for autonomous vehicle makers that still rely on the industry to police itself despite calls for specific regulations.

    Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao announced the proposed guidelines in a speech at the CES gadget show in Las Vegas, saying in prepared remarks that "AV 4.0" will ensure U.S. leadership in developing new technologies.

    But the guidelines will likely fall short of expectations of auto safety advocates and the National Transportation Safety Board. In November, the NTSB, which investigates crashes and makes safety recommendations, condemned a lack of state and federal regulation for testing autonomous vehicles.

    The NTSB said Chao's department failed to lead in regulating the new technology and put autonomous vehicle advancement ahead of saving lives.
    « Last Edit: January 09, 2020, 06:05:14 PM by vox_mundi »
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    vox_mundi

    • Young ice
    • Posts: 3544
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 2102
    • Likes Given: 286
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #297 on: January 10, 2020, 06:27:27 PM »
    Surveillance Plane Joins Intensifying Hunt For Mystery Drones Over Colorado And Nebraska (Updated)
    https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/31773/surveillance-plane-joins-intensifying-hunt-for-mystery-drones-over-colorado-and-nebraska

    ... Colorado Gov. Jared Polis said in light of the near-miss with the Flight of Life helicopter, the drones are no longer simply a “novelty” and now clearly pose a public safety threat:
    “There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

    Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

    gerontocrat

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 8672
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 3382
    • Likes Given: 25
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #298 on: January 10, 2020, 09:52:15 PM »
    All this new technology, robots, AI, jump-starting the new economy and threatening millions of jobs.

    That's what we are told. Presumably that means output per hour worked by the humans who still have a job should be going up like a rocket.

    But in the UK ....see image attached. (USA is better, but nothing like the productivity growth in the 1950's.)
    "Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
    "And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
    "Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

    TerryM

    • First-year ice
    • Posts: 6002
      • View Profile
    • Liked: 900
    • Likes Given: 5
    Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
    « Reply #299 on: January 12, 2020, 01:37:13 AM »
    ^^
    Productivity appears to have ~doubled every 30 years, then suddenly stopped growing ~2006.
    Any thoughts on why this should be so?


    Is productivity here a measure of the number of widgets produced/man hour, or by the price netted for the widgets produced/man hour?


    If my father produced 10 $10.00 widgets/hour, while I produce 100 $1.00 widgets/hour does this represent increased productivity, or widget deflation at steady productivity?


    If the pricing of widgets is included, is that price calculated in national currency or in some global currency?


    Can I increase the productivity of my American Orchard simply by having my steady crop of oranges picked and packed by Mexican labor who counts their own value primarily in Pesos, which is the currency that their family transacts their business in?


    Thanks
    Terry