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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #350 on: May 26, 2020, 01:44:46 PM »
Army Converts Heat Into Electricity to Power Autonomous Robots for Months
https://www.hackster.io/news/u-s-army-aims-for-a-world-first-with-a-stirling-engine-to-harvest-heat-and-drive-an-autonomous-car-f186549b3f41

https://www.army.mil/article/235022

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. -- An energy-efficient generator intended to power private residences could power autonomous military vehicles for months, according to Army researchers.

A team of scientists and engineers from the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory focused on accelerating Army modernization. The tests are part of work began almost two years ago in support of the Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy initiative to evaluate the Stirling cycle generator, which is known for its high-efficiency, virtually silent, long life and low emissions.

Justin Shumaker, the lab's lead researcher on the project, said he believes this is the first time a Stirling generator of this scale has been used for propulsion on an autonomous ground vehicle -- a tough task for a generator originally designed to generate electricity and provide heat for homes, he said.

"In order for a Stirling engine to operate, there needs to be a temperature difference between the hot and cold ends," Shumaker said. "The cooling loop removes heat from the cold end to keep it cold." The researchers designed and manufactured several new technologies to use this generator for propulsion. The first was a DC-DC power converter that efficiently transforms electrical power from the Stirling generator set to the vehicle's electrical bus.

They also modified a Clearpath Robotics Warthog, a large all-terrain unmanned ground vehicle capable of traveling on land and in water, leaving only the original chassis and wheels intact.


The test vehicle is based on a Warthog chassis and wheelbase

The team then designed a new battery using lithium-titanate cells and a battery management system, which is required to ensure the batteries are safe to use.

Shumaker said they also designed a cooling loop for the new equipment.

"This all has to be done in a way that integrates well with the vehicle, is reliable, has enough headroom to operate on very hot days and uses very little electricity for the pumps and fans," he said. There are many mechanical, electrical and software elements required to integrate a Stirling generator set into a hybrid electric vehicle for propulsion.

... "It's more likely to see this generator used as a feasibility study and identify ways to improve it and scale it up," Shumaker said. "What we learn from evaluating this genset will inform ways to improve the genset for a future Army system, whether for propulsion or as a stationary generator." Shumaker said he hopes there will be an opportunity to fund a next-generation version of this technology and "focus on aspects that involve making it lighter and more cost effective because the efficiency is already very good."

https://armyresearchlab.podbean.com/e/stirling-engines-for-the-future/




Military Variant

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“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #351 on: May 30, 2020, 01:05:58 AM »
Humans are WEAK



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“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #352 on: May 31, 2020, 09:53:56 AM »
Microsoft Cuts Dozens of Staff As It Shifts to AI for MSN News Stories
https://www.theverge.com/2020/5/30/21275524/microsoft-news-msn-layoffs-artificial-intelligence-ai-replacements

Workforce automation is about to cost dozens of news contractors their jobs. The Seattle Times and The Guardian report that Microsoft is letting go of dozens of news contractors (about 50 in the US, 27 in the UK) after June 30th due to a shift to AI news production on MSN. The workers were responsible for choosing, editing and curating stories. People employed full-time by Microsoft will stay at the company.

Microsoft has gradually been moving towards AI for its Microsoft News work in recent months, and has been encouraging publishers and journalists to make use of AI, too. Microsoft has been using AI to scan for content and then process and filter it and even suggest photos for human editors to pair it with. Microsoft had been using human editors to curate top stories from a variety of sources to display on Microsoft News, MSN, and Microsoft Edge

The concept of AI choosing and even writing news isn’t new. However, this is a real-world case where jobs at a major site have been affected. The question is whether or not the heavier automation will be effective. One affected person talking to The Guardian was concerned the AI might inadvertently violate “strict editorial guidelines,” such as keeping violent material out of immediate view. This is as much an expanded test of AI as it is a practical measure to cut costs.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #353 on: June 08, 2020, 03:57:48 PM »
Supernumary robotic limbs.
This one’s not quite ready for prime time, but....

This wearable robotic arm can hold tools, pick fruit, and punch through walls
https://www.theverge.com/21283724/wearable-robotic-arm-supernumerary-research-sherbrooke

Createk third-arm : Supernumerary robotic arm powered by magnetorheological clutches and an hydrostatic transmission. Fast enough to compensate for human motions while being safe for physical human-robot interaction.
(More details in the notes at the Youtube link.)

People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #354 on: June 08, 2020, 11:52:44 PM »
The Robotic Herd Is Coming
https://www.army.mil/article/236204/small_robotic_mule_other_unmanned_ground_systems_on_the_horizon



The U.S. Army says it will award a contract soon to produce hundreds of robotic mules to help carry infantry gear. It’s just one of a series of unmanned ground systems the Army is working on.

The Small Multipurpose Equipment Transport, or S-MET, was tested last year by two infantry brigades from the 10th Mountain Division and 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault).



... Soldiers successfully tested the performance of the robotic vehicles to ensure they could at least carry 1,000 pounds, operate over 60 miles in a three-day period, and generate a kilowatt when moving and 3 kilowatts when stationary to allow equipment and batteries to charge. The vehicle’s JP-8 / electric hybrid powertrain provides both a “silent drive” and “silent watch” capability.

The S-MET will begin to be fielded in the second quarter of the next fiscal year, with a total of 624 vehicles in Soldiers’ hands by the middle of fiscal 2024, according to the U.S. Army Acquisition Support Center.



... “Obviously there’s a lot of potential here for the Robotic Combat Vehicles to use some of this, too,” he said, referring to the light and medium RCV variants. “They’re looking closely at the efforts we’re undertaking with these MMPs (Modular Mission Payloads).”

... As technology improves, artificial intelligence will continually play a larger role in operations, Barnwell said.

“These systems are going to have to be able to do more and more on their own to enable the human operators to focus on the big picture,” he said.


A tank commander, for instance, may need to order a few robotic “wingman” vehicles to drive themselves to a waypoint, avoiding obstacles along the way.

Or, a helicopter pilot may require a UAS to detect and destroy air defense systems ahead of him before arriving to a specific location, he said.

“We’re not talking Skynet,” he said, referring to The Terminator film. “We’re talking about simple things that these systems are going to have to do to enable us as warfighters to operate more efficiently.”


... Hire the mule skinner - Little Big Man (1970)

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Manned Air Force Fighter To Face Autonomous Drone Next Year In Sci-Fi Movie-Like Showdown
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/33866/manned-fighter-to-face-an-autonomous-drone-next-year-in-a-sci-fi-movie-like-showdown

The Air Force is hoping to pit an autonomous drone equipped with an artificial intelligence-driven flight control system against a fighter jet with a human pilot in a little over a year. The service has described this effort in the past as a "big moonshot" that could revolutionize air-to-air combat in ways that have so far been limited to the realm of fiction - at least as far as we know.

Air Force Lieutenant General Jack Shanahan, head of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC), revealed that the Air Force had set the goal of holding the faceoff in July 2021 during a remote event that the Air Force Association's Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies held on June 4, 2020. The Pentagon established the JAIC in 2018 to serve as a central point of focus for AI developments and related activities across the U.S. military.

... At its most basic, an autonomous unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV)  would be able to perform many of the same functions as manned aircraft, but would be able to make key decisions faster and more accurately, taking into account much more information in a shorter period of time, without any concern about being distracted or confused by the general chaos of combat. They can also be networked into swarms that work cooperatively to maximize their combat effectiveness at any given time far beyond what a human-piloted formation could.

The design of the drones themselves would be freed from parameters required to accommodate and protect a human pilot. Their planforms could be better optimized for aerial maneuvering and the pilotless aircraft could handle greater stresses during more aggressive flying than would be deemed too dangerous if a person was inside.



... it's not clear how this project is or isn't connected to the AFRL's Skyborg program, which is looking to demonstrate a loyal wingman type drone equipped with an AI-driven "computer brain" next year. The service has also said that it would be interested in installing a more mature version of the Skyborg system on a fighter jet-sized unmanned aircraft in 2022.

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/33567/the-fight-for-the-air-forces-skyborg-artificial-intelligence-equipped-drones-has-begun

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Air Force Begins Search for Next Hunter-Killer Drone
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2020/06/04/air-force-begins-search-next-hunter-killer-drone.html



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Internal Pentagon Study Looks to Pour Money Into Robot Submarines
https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2020/06/01/to-compete-with-china-an-internal-pentagon-study-looks-to-pour-money-into-robot-submarines/

A study spearheaded by Defense Secretary Mark Esper’s internal think tank, the Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation office, recommended the Navy invest in as many as 50 extra-large unmanned underwater vehicles, or XLUUV, to massively boost the number of eyes the military has under the sea. That effort would be a fraction of the cost of Virginia-class attack submarines.

The study also recommends adding between two and three extra attack submarines over the 2016 force structure assessment that called for 355 ships, but the bulk of the new money will go toward unmanned systems.

Together, the findings of the CAPE office’s study show what Esper has been saying publicly for months: that the U.S. Navy must get away from relying on large manned combatants to deliver capacity, and rapidly develop and field a fleet of unmanned surface and subsurface vehicles.

Orca: US Navy Extra-Large Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (XLUUV)
http://www.hisutton.com/USN_XLUUV.html



... The Orca is a stepping stone towards armed autonomous XLUUVs.

The Orca Class will help develop the Concept of Operations (CONOPS) as well as furthering payload integration and adding mine warfare to the operational repertoire. The future autonomous XLUUV will operate across a broad range of roles. To do this, they will ultimately be armed with up to twelve heavyweight tubes which could carry torpedoes for anti-submarine warfare (possibly including countering the Poseidon Intercontinental Nuclear-Powered Nuclear-Armed Autonomous Torpedo) and anti-ship strike, and/or cruise missiles for land attack. They will also carry large UUVs, sow mines, perform ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance), and mine countermeasures (MCM).

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Artificial Intelligence at Core of Marine Officers’ ‘Big Ideas’ for Future of Force
https://news.usni.org/2020/06/02/artificial-intelligence-at-core-of-marine-officers-big-ideas-for-future-of-force

.... Marine Capt. Jonathan Boron’s idea is to introduce a “thinking enemy” into modeling and simulation. Boron stressed his idea closes a significant gap in wargaming, dating at least to the early 20th century.  ... “I want to have an intelligent opponent in a video game that Marines can test their skills against,” he said, adding the timing is right for that improvement inside the Marine Corps and the Pentagon and that the technology is within reach to add that reality.

... AI can also help decision-makers “reduce the lag” in the kill chain and avoid the power and bandwidth constraints of today’s systems that identify and track targeting, said Maj. Eric Kim.

“Look, this technology [artificial intelligence applied to targeting] is plenty bleeding edge,” with consequences on the battlefield and questions about responsibility in decision-making.

However, Kim said reducing the “lag” also introduces concerns over how humans will remain in the loop in this next-generation warfare. Relying on AI raises questions of responsibility and accountability that need to be addressed, Kim said.

... “Commanders would accept AI just fine — as long as they have the sense that they know how the answer was derived — like they do with the commercial applications,” he said.
« Last Edit: June 09, 2020, 12:49:51 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #355 on: June 11, 2020, 02:25:24 AM »
We Can Do Better Than Human-Like Hands for Robots
https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/robotics-hardware/we-can-do-better-than-humanlike-hands-for-robots



Despite some amazing robotic hands inspired by the biology of our own human hands, there are also opportunities for creativity in gripper designs that do things human hands are not physically capable of. At ICRA 2020, researchers from Stanford University presented a paper on the design of a robotic hand that has fingers made of actuated rollers, allowing it to manipulate objects in ways that would tie your fingers into knots.

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https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/medical-robots/biomimetic-anthropomorphic-robot-hand

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

gerontocrat

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #356 on: June 11, 2020, 02:26:52 PM »
The Robotic Herd Is Coming
https://www.army.mil/article/236204/small_robotic_mule_other_unmanned_ground_systems_on

Manned Air Force Fighter To Face Autonomous Drone Next Year In Sci-Fi Movie-Like Showdown
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/33866/manned-fighter-to-face-an-autonomous-drone-next-year-in-a-sci-fi-movie-like-showdown


... The design of the drones themselves would be freed from parameters required to accommodate and protect a human pilot. Their planforms could be better optimized for aerial maneuvering and the pilotless aircraft could handle greater stresses during more aggressive flying than would be deemed too dangerous if a person was inside.

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/33567/the-fight-for-the-air-forces-skyborg-artificial-intelligence-equipped-drones-has-begun

Air Force Begins Search for Next Hunter-Killer Drone
https://www.military.com/daily-news/2020/06/04/air-force-begins-search-next-hunter-killer-drone.html

Internal Pentagon Study Looks to Pour Money Into Robot Submarines
https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2020/06/01/to-compete-with-china-an-internal-pentagon-study-looks-to-pour-money-into-robot-submarines/

... the bulk of the new money will go toward unmanned systems.

... AI can also help decision-makers “reduce the lag” in the kill chain and avoid the power and bandwidth constraints of today’s systems that identify and track targeting, said Maj. Eric Kim.

consequences on the battlefield and questions about responsibility in decision-making.

However, Kim said reducing the “lag” also introduces concerns over how humans will remain in the loop in this next-generation warfare. Relying on AI raises questions of responsibility and accountability that need to be addressed, Kim said.

Freed from the parameters that constrain human behavior - e.g. the Geneva Conventions etc..

"Forgive them Lord, for they know not what they do." (I will never forgive them).
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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #357 on: June 11, 2020, 11:18:43 PM »


As a Xieyi artist with a background in physics, electrical engineering and VFX effects for cinema, Victor Wong spent three years programming the industrial-style robot to paint in the Xieyi style.

The Chinese painting style called Xieyi literally means “writing ideas,” and marries the freehand techniques of calligraphy, line drawing and shading. Artists often use traditional Xuan rice paper along with organic brushes and ink, and the impressionistic style is designed not to be realistic, but rather capture the spirit of the subject.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #358 on: June 18, 2020, 12:51:15 AM »
Boston Dynamics will now sell any business its own Spot robot for $74,500
Yours for the price of a Tesla Model S
Quote
Boston Dynamics’ pitch is that Spot is a multipurpose “mobility platform” that can be customized with different sensors and programmed to perform patrols and inspections.

“We mostly sell the robot to industrial and commercial customers who have a sensor they want to take somewhere they don’t want a person to go,” Boston Dynamics’ lead robotics engineer, Zack Jackowski, told The Verge last week. “Usually because it’s dangerous or because they need to do it so often that it would drive someone mad. Like carrying a camera around a factory 40 times a day and taking the same pictures each time.” ...
https://www.theverge.com/platform/amp/21292684/boston-dynamics-spot-robot-on-sale-price
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #359 on: June 18, 2020, 03:25:57 AM »
Intel, Google, UC Berekely AI Team Trains Robot to Do Sutures
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-06-intel-google-uc-berekely-ai.html



In a collaboration between Google Brain, Intel Corporation and the University of California, Berkeley, researchers have 'trained' robots to mimic surgical procedures through the use of instructional videos.

... "YouTube gets 500 hours of new material every minute. It's an incredible repository," he said. "Any human can watch almost any one of those videos and make sense of it, but a robot currently cannot—they just see it as a stream of pixels. So the goal of this work is to try and make sense of those pixels. That is to look at the video, analyze it, and… be able to segment the videos into meaningful sequences."

For the suture task, the team needed only 78 instructional medical videos to train its AI engine to perform the procedure. They claim a success rate of 85 percent.

This means that robots can eventually undertake some of the more basic, repetitive tasks in surgical procedures and allow surgeons to focus their time and energy on the more exacting steps.

https://sites.google.com/view/motion2vec

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #360 on: June 18, 2020, 03:46:13 AM »
Can “Spot” enter the #frunkpuppy contest?
Quote
AMA Mazing (@AMA_Mazing_) 6/17/20, 7:56 AM
Victory dance if it wins 
https://twitter.com/ama_mazing_/status/1273223076168122369
Gif at the link.
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Freegrass

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #361 on: June 18, 2020, 03:53:35 AM »
Intel, Google, UC Berekely AI Team Trains Robot to Do Sutures
That's pretty awesome Vox. Most people still have no idea what AI will be capable off. So many jobs will be lost... It's time we start thinking seriously about UBI for all so we have money to buy the stuff robots make.
If every 8 year old in the world is taught meditation, we will eliminate violence from the world within one generation.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #362 on: June 18, 2020, 04:04:11 AM »
^ I think I'll let them practice stitching up baseballs for awhile, FG  ;)

Quote
... They claim a success rate of 85 percent.

I had an intern sew me up when I was 10. He had about the same success rate. Next time I'll use Duct Tape
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Freegrass

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #363 on: June 18, 2020, 04:24:37 AM »
If every 8 year old in the world is taught meditation, we will eliminate violence from the world within one generation.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #364 on: June 18, 2020, 05:21:17 AM »
More Spot ..



Boston Dynamics' Spot Robot Dog Now Available for $74,500
https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/industrial-robots/boston-dynamics-spot-robot-dog-now-available

What do you get for $74,500? All this!

Spot robot
Spot battery (2x)
Spot charger
Tablet controller and charger
Robot case for storage and transportation
FREE SHIPPING!



The $75k that you’ll pay for the Spot Explorer Kit, it’s important to note, is just the base price for the robot. As with other things that fall into this price range (like a luxury car), there are all kinds of fun ways to drive that cost up with accessories, although for Spot, some of those accessories will be necessary for many (if not most) applications. For example, a couple of expansion ports to make it easier to install your own payloads on Spot will run you $1,275. An additional battery is $4,620. And if you want to really get some work done, the Enhanced Autonomy Package (with 360 cameras, lights, better comms, and a Velodyne VLP-16) will set you back an additional $34,570. If you were hoping for an arm, you’ll have to wait until the end of the year.

BuzzKill

... SPOT IS AN AMAZING ROBOT, BUT IS NOT CERTIFIED SAFE FOR IN-HOME USE OR INTENDED FOR USE NEAR CHILDREN OR OTHERS WHO MAY NOT APPRECIATE THE HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH ITS OPERATION.



... While we’re on the subject of robot abuse, Boston Dynamics has very sensibly devoted a substantial amount of the Spot User Guide to help new users understand how they should not be using their robot, in order to “lessen the risk of serious injury, death, or robot and other property damage.” According to the guide, some things that could can Spot to fall include holes, cliffs, slippery surfaces (like ice and wet grass), and cords. Spot’s sensors also get confused by “transparent, mirrored, or very bright obstacles,” and the guide specifically says Spot “may crash into glass doors and windows.” Also this: “Spot cannot predict trajectories of moving objects. Do not operate Spot around moving objects such as vehicles, children, or pets.”

(... cats & dogs have the same problem)
« Last Edit: June 18, 2020, 05:28:35 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

sidd

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #365 on: June 18, 2020, 06:41:17 AM »
"Do not operate Spot around moving objects such as vehicles, children, or pets"

"(... cats & dogs have the same problem)"

Wait, what ?  The dogs and cats i have met have very little trouble operating around "vehicles, children, or pets"

sidd

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #366 on: June 18, 2020, 08:32:02 AM »
I have walked many times into glass doors. And in primary school I've crashed my head through a window. Luckily I'm not easily hurt. Well, once I pushed doors open by using just the fingers of my hand with a twisting move (from aikido). I generates quite a force (against the door-opener) and at one time I pushed through the door's little window-panel and cut my wrist with blood gushing out. I still have the scars.
I probably would walk into Spot as well. What's its weight?
"It is preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly" - Bertrand Russell
"It is preoccupation with what other people from your groups think of you, that prevents you from living freely and nobly" - Nanning
Why do you keep accumulating stuff?

kassy

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #367 on: June 18, 2020, 08:58:38 AM »
Deep Learning’s Climate Change Problem

Earlier this month, OpenAI announced it had built the biggest AI model in history. This astonishingly large model, known as GPT-3, is an impressive technical achievement. Yet it highlights a troubling and harmful trend in the field of artificial intelligence—one that has not gotten enough mainstream attention.

Modern AI models consume a massive amount of energy, and these energy requirements are growing at a breathtaking rate. In the deep learning era, the computational resources needed to produce a best-in-class AI model has on average doubled every 3.4 months; this translates to a 300,000x increase between 2012 and 2018. GPT-3 is just the latest embodiment of this exponential trajectory.

The bottom line: AI has a meaningful carbon footprint today, and if industry trends continue it will soon become much worse. Unless we are willing to reassess and reform today’s AI research agenda, the field of artificial intelligence could become an antagonist in the fight against climate change in the years ahead.

...

The problem with relying on ever-larger models to drive progress in AI is that building and deploying these models entails a tremendous amount of energy expenditure and thus carbon emissions.

...

Another factor driving AI’s massive energy draw is the extensive experimentation and tuning required to develop a model. Machine learning today remains largely an exercise in trial and error. Practitioners will often build hundreds of versions of a given model during training, experimenting with different neural architectures and hyperparameters before identifying an optimal design.

The 2019 paper mentioned above includes a telling case study. The researchers picked an average-sized model—much smaller than headline-grabbing behemoths like GPT-3—and examined not just the energy required to train the final version, but the total number of trial runs that went into producing that final version.

Over the course of six months, 4,789 different versions of the model were trained, requiring 9,998 total days’ worth of GPU time (more than 27 years). Taking all these runs into account, the researchers estimated that building this model generated over 78,000 pounds of CO2 emissions in total—more than the average American adult will produce in two years.

and much more on:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/robtoews/2020/06/17/deep-learnings-climate-change-problem/#45d0e7046b43
Þetta minnismerki er til vitnis um að við vitum hvað er að gerast og hvað þarf að gera. Aðeins þú veist hvort við gerðum eitthvað.

gerontocrat

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #368 on: June 18, 2020, 09:36:23 PM »
At last - all the way from Australia.

AI we can all applaud & support

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jun/17/who-needs-a-federal-icac-when-weve-got-the-integribot-5000

(ICAC = proposed Aussie Integrity Commission kicked into the long grass)
"Para a Causa do Povo a Luta Continua!"
"And that's all I'm going to say about that". Forrest Gump
"Damn, I wanted to see what happened next" (Epitaph)

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #369 on: June 18, 2020, 09:47:07 PM »
^ Kinda sounds like our world's quietest paper shredder computerized voting machines.
« Last Edit: June 19, 2020, 12:42:48 AM by vox_mundi »
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Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #370 on: June 19, 2020, 09:23:14 PM »
Turkey Now Has Swarming Suicide Drones It Could Export
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/34204/turkey-now-has-a-swarming-quadcopter-suicide-drone-that-it-could-export

The Turkish military reportedly plans to buy more than 500 quad-copter-type Kargu series loitering munitions, or suicide drones, in the near term. The Kargus, at present, can operate in semi-autonomous or manually-controlled modes, but work is underway to give up to 20 of them the ability to carry out mass attacks as a swarm, which could give Turkey's troops a potentially game-changing new capability.



... The Kargu-2 can fly higher, faster (150 km/hr), has a longer range (10 km), and has the ability to remain in a designated area for a longer period of time (30 min) compared to the earlier models. It also has updated targeting capabilities and improvements to reduce its auditory signature, the latter of which helps reduce the chance that an opponent will spot the drone before it's too late.

The drones can carry one of three different types of warheads, including a high-explosive fragmentation one for engaging personnel and other unarmored targets in the open, a thermobaric type good for targets in confined spaces such as buildings or caves, and a shaped charge for attacking lightly armored threats. Each one weighs around three pounds. The drone's warhead can also be set to function on impact or airburst above the target, the latter being a feature particularly useful for the fragmentation and thermobaric types.



The Kargu series of drones can also operate in a semi-autonomous mode, wherein the operator directs the quad-copter to fly to a certain area and then detect and engage targets on its own.

Most importantly, however, last year, STM announced it was working to give the Kargu family of drones additional autonomy and the ability to work together in large swarms. ... Even being able to launch more rudimentary massed attacks with up to 20 of them at a time would offer a significant boost in capability.



Tests have shown that a single Kargu with the air-bursting high-explosive fragmentation warhead can effectively engage clusters of personnel within a circle around 20 feet in diameter. More than one working together could evenly engage threats across a relatively wide area. Beyond just being devastating to concentrations of personnel, this could enable quick large scale attacks against other soft targets, including convoys of light vehicles, parked aircraft, radar dishes and sensor systems, ammunition and fuel dumps, and much more. With a mixture of the different warhead options presently available for Kargu, a group of the drones might be able to carry out more complex attacks, as well.

If the swarming Kargus have the ability to operate in a fully-autonomous mode, within pre-set parameters, they could become even more capable. Swarms by their very nature can confuse and overwhelm an opponent's defenses, even those belonging to major militaries, causing havoc even if a significant number of them get shot down before they can reach their targets.



It seems very possible that, in addition to providing these improved Kargus to the Turkish armed forces, STM could also seek to export them, proliferating this capability further around the world. STM has already said that it has received serious inquires about the Kargu series from at least three unnamed potential foreign customers.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #371 on: June 20, 2020, 12:55:55 AM »


ABB's collaborative lightweight assembly robot YuMi

https://robots.ieee.org/robots/yumi/?utm_source=spectrum

------------------------------------

The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute demos ARMstrong, their robot for nuclear and radiation emergency response.


In simulation


In practice

------------------------------------

GITAI’s G1 is the space dedicated general-purpose robot. G1 robot will enable automation of various tasks internally & externally on space stations and for lunar base development.



---------------------------------

A Swedish company, TikiSafety has experienced a record amount of orders for their respiratory protective masks.

Robots help Tiki Safety to speed up their manufacturing process from 6 minutes to 40 seconds.



-----------------------------------

More at https://spectrum.ieee.org/automaton/robotics/medical-robots/video-friday-harmonic-bionics-robotic-exoskeleton
« Last Edit: June 20, 2020, 04:02:14 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Human Habitat Index

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #372 on: June 20, 2020, 03:22:10 AM »
I believe AI has affected me personally.

Several Bookmaker Companies have banned/restricted my betting probably from patterns picked up by AI.

I'm only semi-professional, so there wasn't really significant money involved.

Betting Companies are basically technology companies.
There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance. That principle is contempt prior to investigation. - Herbert Spencer

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #373 on: June 21, 2020, 03:24:22 AM »
AI Recreates the Painting Techniques of Famous Artists
https://www.engadget.com/ai-recreates-painting-techniques-of-famous-artists-022923128.html

You can’t go back in time to see how Monet or Van Gogh made their masterpieces, but AI might give you the next best thing. MIT CSAIL researchers have created a machine learning system, Timecraft, that can deduce how a painting was produced and recreate the likely brushstrokes, even for famous artists. The design was first trained on 200 timelapse videos of digital and watercolor paintings, after which the scientists produced a convolutional neural network to ‘deconstruct’ artwork based on what it had learned.

The results aren’t perfect, but they’re more effective than you might think. Timecraft was better than existing benchmark tests over 90 percent of the time. And when used to recreate paintings that already have timelapse videos, it fooled almost half of the people participating in an online survey.

Apart from the virtual history lessons, this could be useful for illustrating general painting techniques to relative newcomers — say, starting from the background and working ‘closer’ to the viewer. It may be a long while before an AI becomes the next Bob Ross, but it’s not a far-fetched idea after this.



--------------------------------------

'DeepFaceDrawing' AI Can Turn Simple Sketches Into Detailed Photo Portraits
https://www.engadget.com/ai-can-produce-detailed-photos-of-faces-from-simple-sketches-122924655.html

Researchers have found a way to turn simple line drawings into photo-realistic facial images. Developed by a team at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, DeepFaceDrawing uses artificial intelligence to help “users with little training in drawing to produce high-quality images from rough or even incomplete freehand sketches.”

It works largely through probability — instead of requiring detailed eyelid or lip shapes, for example, the software refers to a database of faces and facial components, and considers how each facial element works with each other. Eyes, nose, mouth, face shape and hair type are all considered separately, and then assembled into a single image.



It’s not clear how the software will handle race. Of the 17,000 sketches and their corresponding photos created so far, the majority have been white and South American faces. This could be a result of the source data (bias is an ongoing problem in the world of AI), or down to the complexity of face shapes — the researchers don’t provide any further details.

----------------------------------------

Artificial Intelligence Makes Blurry Faces Look More Than 60 Times Sharper
https://today.duke.edu/2020/06/artificial-intelligence-makes-blurry-faces-look-more-60-times-sharper



Duke University researchers have developed an AI tool that can turn blurry, unrecognizable pictures of people’s faces into eerily convincing computer-generated portraits, in finer detail than ever before.

Previous methods can scale an image of a face up to eight times its original resolution. But the Duke team has come up with a way to take a handful of pixels and create realistic-looking faces with up to 64 times the resolution, ‘imagining’ features such as fine lines, eyelashes and stubble that weren’t there in the first place.

“Never have super-resolution images been created at this resolution before with this much detail,” said Duke computer scientist Cynthia Rudin, who led the team.

The system cannot be used to identify people, the researchers say: It won’t turn an out-of-focus, unrecognizable photo from a security camera into a crystal clear image of a real person. Rather, it is capable of generating new faces that don’t exist, but look plausibly real.

----------------------------------------
« Last Edit: June 21, 2020, 08:16:53 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #374 on: June 24, 2020, 08:38:47 PM »
SpaceX now has a “Spot” (named “Zeus,” per the doghouse they built for it) for increased safety at their Starship tank testing site.
Quote
Michael Sheetz (@thesheetztweetz) 6/23/20, 2:03 PM
SpaceX using its @BostonDynamics robot dog in a likely hazardous work zone for people:
https://twitter.com/thesheetztweetz/status/1275489692075667459

Austin Barnard (@austinbarnard45) 6/23/20, 1:58 PM

Zeus has been spotted
(Credit @LabPadre)
https://twitter.com/austinbarnard45/status/1275488480848744448
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #375 on: June 25, 2020, 04:09:34 AM »
^ Zeus is a good dog (and better than a canary)

--------------------------------------
 
Air Force Video Lays Out "Skyborg" Artificial Intelligence Combat Drone Program
https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/34351/glitzy-air-force-video-lays-out-skyborg-artificial-intelligence-combat-drone-program

The U.S. Air Force has released a slick new video regarding its Skyborg program, which is developing a suite of systems that will form an artificial intelligence-driven "computer brain" capable of flying networked "loyal wingman" type drones and fully autonomous unmanned combat air vehicles, or UCAVs. The video offers new insights into what the service wants out of this project, how it sees it fitting into its larger aerial combat ecosystem, and what unmanned capabilities it might serve as a stepping stone toward in the future.

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) posted the video on YouTube on June 24, 2020. AFRL is leading the development of Skyborg, which the Air Force first unveiled publicly in March 2019. The service issued a formal call for proposals regarding work to integrate the various systems into an actual prototype unmanned aircraft last month, saying it expected to hire multiple contractors to craft competing designs.



The Air Force has a separate effort underway, dubbed R2D2, after the famous droid from the Star Wars franchise who serves as a sort of robotic navigator and flight engineer, to develop a drone with a more robust autonomous air-to-air capability that could face off against a human fighter pilot as early as next year.

https://mobile.twitter.com/TheDEWLine/status/1270362173592809477

As far as autonomy goes, the Air Force wants Skyborg to be capable of performing a broad range of tasks all by itself, ranging from simple things, such as taking off and landing, to more complex functionality, including making independent decisions dynamically based on various situational factors or a pre-defined objective. Drones with Skyborg would also be able to operate in networked groups tethered to manned aircraft in a loyal wingman capacity or operate fully untethered in an autonomous mode.

The Air Force has said it is hoping to have a prototype version Skyborg ready next year and an operational version of the system flying a loyal wingman type drone by 2023.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #376 on: June 26, 2020, 01:02:41 AM »
NASA Takes First Step to Allow Computers to Decide What to Tell Us In Search for Life On Mars
https://phys.org/news/2020-06-nasa-life-mars.html



NASA has stepped closer to allowing remote onboard computers to direct the search for life on other planets. Scientists from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center have announced first results from new intelligent systems, to be installed in space probes, capable of identifying geochemical signatures of life from rock samples.

Allowing these intelligent systems to choose both what to analyze and what to tell us back on Earth will overcome severe limits on how information is transmitted over huge distances in the search for life from distant planets. The systems will debut on the 2022/23 ExoMars mission, before fuller implementation on more distant bodies in the Solar System.

The system to be sent to Mars will still transmit most data back to Earth, but later AI systems for the outer solar system will be given autonomy to decide what information to return to Earth.

... We're aiming for the system to give scientists directions, for example our system might say "I've got 91% confidence that this sample corresponds to a real world sample and I'm 87% sure it is phospholipids, similar to a sample tested on July 24th, 2018 and here is what that data looked like." We'll still need humans to interpret the findings, but the first filter will be the AI system."

... "In the future, as we move to explore the moons of Jupiter such as Europa, and of Saturn such as Enceladus and Titan, we will need real-time decisions to be made onsite. With these moons it can take 5 to 7 hours for a signal from Earth to reach the instruments, so this will not be like controlling a drone, with an instant response. We need to give the instruments the autonomy to make rapid decisions to reach our science goals on our behalf."

Goldschmidt Conference: Abstract: Science Autonomy and the ExoMars Mission: Machine Learning to Help Find Life on Mars
https://goldschmidt.info//abstracts/abstractView?id=2020005049
https://whiteiron.org/uploads/conferences/30/abstracts/originalPDFs/2020005049-20200504151337.pdf

---------------------------------

HAL 9000: I've just picked up a fault in the AE35 unit. It's going to go 100% failure in 72 hours



HAL 9000: I know I've made some very poor decisions recently, but I can give you my complete assurance that my work will be back to normal. I've still got the greatest enthusiasm and confidence in the mission. And I want to help you.

- 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #377 on: June 27, 2020, 11:23:43 PM »
A Deep Reinforcement Learning Framework to Identify Key Players In Complex Networks
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-06-deep-framework-key-players-complex.html



"This work was motivated by a fundamental question in network science: How can we find an optimal set of key players whose activation (or removal) would maximally enhance (or degrade) network functionality?" Yang-Yu Liu, one of the senior researchers who carried out the study, told TechXplore. "Many approximate and heuristic strategies have been proposed to deal with specific application scenarios, but we still lack a unified framework to solve this problem efficiently."

FINDER, which stands for FInding key players in Networks through DEep Reinforcement learning, builds on recently developed deep learning techniques for solving combinatorial optimization problems.


Finding key players in the 9/11 terrorist network, where each node represents a terrorist involved in the 9/11 attack, and edges represent their social communications. Node size is proportional to its degree. Three methods: (a) High Degree (HD); (b) FINDER; (c) Collective Influence (CI). Blue nodes represent nodes in the remaining graph, red nodes indicate the key players identified at the current time step, and gray nodes are the remaining isolated ones. Panel (d) illustrates the three methods’ accumulated normalized connectivity (ANC) curves, which are plotted with the horizontal axis being the fraction of removed nodes, and the vertical axis being the fraction of nodes in the remaining giant connected component (GCC).

Changjun Fan et al. Finding key players in complex networks through deep reinforcement learning, Nature Machine Intelligence (2020)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s42256-020-0177-2
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #378 on: June 28, 2020, 03:21:05 AM »
"Any A.I. smart enough to pass a Turing test is smart enough to know to fail it."

— Ian McDonald from River of Gods
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #379 on: June 28, 2020, 03:26:03 PM »
Canadarm3 at the Lunar Gateway

“The deal covers development of what the agency calls Canadarm3, which is an overarching robotic system for the Gateway rather than a single robotic arm. It features one arm 8.5 meters long as well as a smaller but more dexterous second arm. The system also includes set of specialized tools and incorporates artificial intelligence technologies to enable operations without human controllers.”

MDA to build robotic arm for lunar Gateway
https://spacenews.com/mda-to-build-robotic-arm-for-lunar-gateway/
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Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #380 on: July 04, 2020, 04:30:18 PM »
Quote
Whole Mars (@WholeMarsBlog) 7/3/20, 4:36 PM
Engineering minds: design me a solution for automatic plugging in and unplugging of Tesla vehicles at Superchargers
That costs LESS than $15 / hour to pay someone to do it.
https://twitter.com/wholemarsblog/status/1279152002711183360
~ yes we’ve all seen the snake charger i’m talking about something that would be easy to deploy to every supercharger around the world right now
~ no hardware changes to the existing fleet, that’s a deal breaker

Quote
Whole Mars (@WholeMarsBlog) 7/3/20, 5:04 PM
A Spot Robot costs $75,000.
For a 40 stall location like Kettleman City that’s $1,875 to upgrade each stall.
Divide by 365 days a year and that’s about $5 a day.
Cheaper than human. could be the move. 
https://twitter.com/wholemarsblog/status/1279159175407271937

This is not simply addressing human laziness.  In crowded urban areas, space (and power, and thus the number of supercharger stalls) is limited, and wait lines often form.  Getting even unattended vehicles (with Advanced Summon and parking capability) in and out of charging stalls quickly improves the throughput of the station.
« Last Edit: July 04, 2020, 04:37:44 PM by Sigmetnow »
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vox_mundi

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“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #382 on: July 05, 2020, 01:09:38 AM »












Ninja walk; harder than it looks



I was able to spot just one single person in the warehouse footage in this video

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #383 on: July 11, 2020, 12:50:20 AM »


Scientists at the University of Liverpool have developed a fully autonomous mobile robot to assist them in their research. Using a type of AI, the robot has been designed to work uninterrupted for weeks at a time, allowing it to analyse data and make decisions on what to do next. Using a flexible arm with customised gripper it can be calibrated to interact with most standard lab equipment and machinery as well as navigate safely around human co-workers and obstacles.

-------------------------------



The video demonstrates fast autonomous flight experiments in cluttered unknown environments, with the support of a robust and perception-aware replanning framework called RAPTOR.

------------------------------



Think tapeworm are bad? How would you like one of these crawling inside you?

Miniature Single-Actuator Wave Robot crawling inside the intestines of a pig. You’re welcome.
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #384 on: July 11, 2020, 02:00:30 AM »
Recent Elon Musk tweetstorm about Neuralink.
Quote
Elon Musk (@elonmusk) 7/9/20, 3:01 AM
If you can’t beat em, join em
Neuralink mission statement

https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1281121339584114691
Elon Musk: Progress update August 28
Elon Musk:  AI symbiosis while u wait

< So who gets to sign up for human trials? How are you going to determine eligibility?
Elon Musk:  No easy way to answer this in a tweet, but helping with dire brain injuries is our first priority. Details Aug 28.

< Can Neuralink be used to re-train the part of the brain which is responsible for causing addiction or depression? It'd be great if neuralink can be used for something like curing addiction/depression
Elon Musk:  For sure. This is both great & terrifying. Everything we’ve ever sensed or thought has been electrical signals. The early universe was just a soup of quarks & leptons. How did a very small piece of the Universe start to think of itself as sentient?

<  Wondering if this will fundamentally change the value of unique skills once it rolls out to the general public. If you can easily unlock whatever ability you desire, what makes you *you*? On the contrary, this might enable faster progress & people to reach goals more efficiently
<  Sounds like it may ruin the possibility of a meritocracy, and instead turn into who can pay for the most brain electrodes
Elon Musk (@elonmusk) 7/10/20, 2:00 PM
Earning power post augmentation would easily pay for itself (if that’s even necessary). This is the best thing I can think of to ensure that collective human will decides the future.
https://twitter.com/elonmusk/status/1281649565435695105
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sidd

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #385 on: July 12, 2020, 01:48:39 AM »
Fjelland at Nature: general artificial intelligence will not be realized

"human knowledge is partly tacit, and therefore cannot be articulated and incorporated in a computer program. "

" this is in principle impossible, and it revives Hubert Dreyfus’ argument that computers are not in the world."

doi: 10.1057/s41599-020-0494-4

open access. Read all about it.

sidd

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #386 on: July 12, 2020, 08:54:54 PM »
Interesting paper , thanks!

As for the ´tacit´argument i am not sure how it will hold over time.

Polanyi introduced the expression tacit knowledge. Most of the knowledge we apply in everyday life is tacit. In fact, we do not know which rules we apply when we perform a task. Polanyi used swimming and bicycle riding as examples.

Now will the computer actually know all the parts of the proces? In some approaches they try to mirror the way the human brain works on a neural level. There is no knowledge of what it is doing in there because it is adjusted to the outcomes.

I think that technically you can mirror the tacit but what these entities lack is a different thing.
We are also just the product of our neurons getting better at things but we are shaped by our environment.

I wonder what the environment would be like for these entities when we make them. It might depend on how we train them or what we train them for.

Þetta minnismerki er til vitnis um að við vitum hvað er að gerast og hvað þarf að gera. Aðeins þú veist hvort við gerðum eitthvað.

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #387 on: July 12, 2020, 10:01:00 PM »
A Hyperdimensional Computing System That Performs All Core Computations In-Memory
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-06-hyperdimensional-core-in-memory.html

Hyperdimensional computing (HDC) is an emerging computing approach inspired by patterns of neural activity in the human brain. This unique type of computing can allow artificial intelligence systems to retain memories and process new information based on data or scenarios it previously encountered.

... To model neural activity patterns, HDC systems use rich algebra that defines a set of rules to build, bind and bundle different hypervectors. Hypervectors are holographic 10,000-dimensional (pseudo) random vectors with independent and identically distributed components. By using these hypervectors, HDC enables the creation of powerful computing systems that can be used to complete sophisticated cognitive tasks, such as object detection, language recognition, voice and video classification, time series analysis, text categorization and analytical reasoning.

... "In our HDC architecture, the encoding of information and memory storage are separate processes by construction," Sebastian and Rahimi said. "This key disentanglement is recently appreciated in modern deep neural networks to rescue them from catastrophic forgetting and to enable few-shot learning as well as retaining for a lifetime. Our architecture and representational system will play a central role for the next generation of AI to deliver systems that can learn fast, retain information throughout their lifetime and do this efficiently even with the right materials and substrates."

Geethan Karunaratne et al. In-memory hyperdimensional computing, Nature Electronics (2020)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41928-020-0410-3

-------------------------------

Using Astrocytes to Change the Behavior of Robots Controlled By Neuromorphic Chips
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-07-astrocytes-behavior-robots-neuromorphic-chips.html

... An astrocyte is a different type of brain cell that has recently been found to do a lot more than merely fill up spaces between neurons, as researchers believed for over a century. Studies are finding that these cells also play key roles in brain functions, including learning and central pattern generation (CPG), which is the basis for critical rhythmic behaviors such as breathing and walking.

Although astrocytes are now known to underlie numerous brain functions, most existing computer systems inspired by the human brain only target the structure and function of neurons. Aware of this gap in existing literature, researchers at Rutgers University are developing brain-inspired algorithms that also account for and replicate the functions of astrocytes. In a paper pre-published on arXiv and set to be presented at the ICONS 2020 Conference in July, they introduce a neuromorphic central pattern generator (CPG) modulated by artificial astrocytes that successfully entrained several rhythmic walking behaviors in their in-house robots.

"Everything that artificial neural nets do, and they do a lot these days, is based on the neurocomputing dogma that 'brain equals neurons,'" Konstantinos Michmizos, an assistant professor of computer science at Rutgers University and the lead researcher in this study, told TechXplore. "Astrocytes are two to 10 times more plentiful than neurons. The impact of understanding or mimicking what more of half the brain is doing is enormous."

Michmizos and his team introduced a new approach to neuromorphic research aimed at understanding and mimicking the human brain in its entirety by replicating the seamless ways in which neurons and astrocytes work together to produce specific behaviors. Notably, they are the first to look at artificial intelligence (AI) development from a perspective that does not consider neurons as the only processing unit in the brain, but instead introducing astrocytes in neural networks as a second processing unit.

In their recent study, they used Intel's Loihi neuromorphic chips.

In the system devised by the researchers, robotic functions emerge naturally from the plastic interaction between artificial neurons and astrocytes. Therefore, their CPG's structure and functioning differs greatly from mainstream learning algorithms, which focus only on neurons and do not take full advantage of current knowledge about how the brain works.

"Astrocytes sense the world and change the neuronal activity and the emerging robotic behavior," Michmizos said. "By allowing astrocytes to change how neurons talk to each other, the network changes how it controls the legged robot without changing its topography. This plastic cellular function that changes how neurons transmit nerve impulses in time is a fundamentally different approach from the mainstream learning algorithms that can only change the network's structure."

Polykretis et al., An astrocyte-modulated neuromorphic central pattern generator for hexapod robot locomotion on Intel's Loihi.
https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.04765

-----------------------------------

Automating the Search for Entirely New 'Curiosity' Algorithms
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-04-automating-curiosity-algorithms.html

MIT researchers used machine learning to find entirely new algorithms for encoding exploration. Their machine-designed algorithms outperformed human-designed algorithms on the wide range of simulated tasks and environments

... Engineers have discovered many ways of encoding curious exploration into machine learning algorithms. A research team at MIT wondered if a computer could do better, based on a long history of enlisting computers in the search for new algorithms.

"Algorithms designed by humans are very general," says study co-author Ferran Alet, a graduate student in MIT's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). "We were inspired to use AI to find algorithms with curiosity strategies that can adapt to a range of environments."

The researchers created a "meta-learning" algorithm that generated 52,000 exploration algorithms. They found that the top two were entirely new—seemingly too obvious or counterintuitive for a human to have proposed. Both algorithms generated exploration behavior that substantially improved learning in a range of simulated tasks, from navigating a two-dimensional grid based on images to making a robotic ant walk. Because the meta-learning process generates high-level computer code as output, both algorithms can be dissected to peer inside their decision-making processes.

... Four machines searched over 10 hours to find the best algorithms. More than 99 percent were junk, but about a hundred were sensible, high-performing algorithms. Remarkably, the top 16 were both novel and useful, performing as well as, or better than, human-designed algorithms at a range of other virtual tasks, from landing a moon rover to raising a robotic arm and moving an ant-like robot in a physical simulation.

All 16 algorithms shared two basic exploration functions.

In the first, the agent is rewarded for visiting new places where it has a greater chance of making a new kind of move. In the second, the agent is also rewarded for visiting new places, but in a more nuanced way: One neural network learns to predict the future state while a second recalls the past, and then tries to predict the present by predicting the past from the future. If this prediction is erroneous it rewards itself, as it is a sign that it discovered something it didn't know before. The second algorithm was so counterintuitive it took the researchers time to figure out.

More researchers are turning to machine learning to design better machine learning algorithms, a field known as AutoML. At Google, Le and his colleagues recently unveiled a new algorithm-discovery tool called Auto-ML Zero. (Its name is a play on Google's AutoML software for customizing deep net architectures for a given application, and Google DeepMind's Alpha Zero, the program that can learn to play different board games by playing millions of games against itself.)

https://arxiv.org/abs/2003.05325

https://lis.csail.mit.edu/wp-content/uploads/effective_interpretable_algorithms_for_curiosity-compressed.pdf
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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #388 on: July 16, 2020, 02:44:58 AM »
Ex-Google Robotics Head Unveils Automated Home Assistant
https://techxplore.com/news/2020-07-ex-google-robotics-unveils-automated-home.html

The former head of Google's robotics division has unveiled a new robot named Stretch that he hopes will prove to be an economical and handy assistant around the home.

Edsinger and Kemp, who head up a 10-person company named Hello Robot, say Stretch is the first mobile robotic device that can move so easily around the home or office. And unlike most robots on the market today, it requires no special effort to transport: It is light and compact enough that it can be folded up and placed in a car.

Co-developer Kemp says he programmed Stretch to feed his cat while he was on vacation.

“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #389 on: July 19, 2020, 03:17:13 AM »
Neuralink
Quote
Elon Musk (@elonmusk) 7/17/20, 9:59 PM
If you’ve solved hard problems with phones / wearables (sealing, signal processing, inductive charging, power mgmt, etc), please consider working at engineering@neuralink.com
https://twitter.com/spacex/status/1284620156191117312
~ Solving high-volume, high-reliability, low-cost production problems is especially valued
~ This would solve a lot of brain/spine injuries & is ultimately essential for AI symbiosis

< For working with something like BCI, is there any "specific" background which is reqd? Like Neuroscience/Electical Engineering/Robotics/Biology?
~ No prior neuroscience background is required. This is primarily an electrical/electronic (chip design)/mechanical/software engineering problem for the Link itself & the surgical robot.

< Given that Neuralink was partly inspired by the neural lace from the Culture, do you think Neuralink could help control hormone levels & use them to our advantage (enhanced abilities & reasoning, anxiety relief etc), similar to drug glands in the books?
~ Yes 
Iain Banks’ “Culture” series reference text image below.
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #390 on: July 19, 2020, 03:25:04 PM »
Excerpts from a twitter thread.  Check out the link for text-image examples and some interesting replies:
Quote
Ed Leon Klinger (@edleonklinger) 7/17/20, 6:19 PM  
Today the world changed forever.
Why? Because a group of Artificial Intelligence researchers released something called "GPT-3".
In short: it's a computer program that can interact like a ridiculously intelligent human.
And it will blow your mind
➡️ https://twitter.com/edleonklinger/status/1284251419172909057
 
    —-
Exhibit A: GPT-3 can take normal speech, and automatically turn it into 'lawyer speak' …

Exhibit B: it can take written text, and turn it into fully functioning code - in real-time. ...

Exhibit C: this thing writes poetry. And it's actually not that bad! …

So what's next. Philosophy? Surely that's off-limits...

Nope. Turns out this thing is Descartes reincarnate. …

Exhibit D: a 100% unique and deeply profound sentence, generated by GPT-3. …
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

kassy

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #391 on: July 19, 2020, 07:01:53 PM »
Quote
< Given that Neuralink was partly inspired by the neural lace from the Culture, do you think Neuralink could help control hormone levels & use them to our advantage (enhanced abilities & reasoning, anxiety relief etc), similar to drug glands in the books?
~ Yes
Well that is BS or at least rather far out science fiction.
Helping brain or spinal injuries would be cool. Interfacing with AI...well i would skip that.

The Culture is very far advanced beyond us. What i like about that world is the economy of plenty. You can get or do basically anything you want which in a way forces you to do things that really interest you.

I do get why he likes it (Two of the rocket recovery ships are named using Culture naming convention). Their AI is actually great (see Excession) but here we probably need to figure out how to keep the planet liveable first before we get to fun add ons.

 
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Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #392 on: July 19, 2020, 08:04:44 PM »
Quote
Their AI is actually great (see Excession) but here we probably need to figure out how to keep the planet liveable first before we get to fun add ons.

Fortunately, we are capable of doing more than one thing at a time.  Because any technology that can reduce the scourge of drug addiction would add millions of productive hours, reduce crime, and improve health and well-being of the individual and their community.
« Last Edit: July 19, 2020, 08:19:58 PM by Sigmetnow »
People who say it cannot be done should not interrupt those who are doing it.

kassy

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #393 on: July 19, 2020, 08:59:45 PM »
But if you look at what drives the US drug scourge you do not need AI you need social change.
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Sigmetnow

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #394 on: July 19, 2020, 10:20:17 PM »
But if you look at what drives the US drug scourge you do not need AI you need social change.

The U.S. tried Prohibition.  It tried the War On Drugs, and “Just Say ‘No.’”  Brain chemistry wants what it wants, and once people get addicted, it’s a lifetime disease. 

Social conditions in the U.S won’t change markedly any time soon.

Neuralink as a “cure” could be the miracle addicts who want to quit are looking for.  The goal is for the (robotic ;)) procedure to be as safe and common as LASIK eye surgery. 

We’ll see.
« Last Edit: July 19, 2020, 10:33:48 PM by Sigmetnow »
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kassy

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #395 on: July 19, 2020, 10:51:46 PM »
You do not need a war on drugs but you need to ask what makes people want to treat themselves.

Straight on plugging for some tech solution is ignoring some real problems.
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vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #396 on: July 19, 2020, 10:55:03 PM »
... You want the customary clarity or the new-and-improved kind of clarity?

Minority Report - 2002


“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

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Ranman99

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #397 on: July 20, 2020, 02:45:58 AM »
In the land of the blind the one eyed king is a boob  ;D ;D ;D ;D :P
Randy Fitton

vox_mundi

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #398 on: July 25, 2020, 12:07:19 AM »
AI Machine Learning Reveals Recipe for Building Artificial Proteins
https://phys.org/news/2020-07-machine-reveals-recipe-artificial-proteins.html

Proteins are essential to the life of cells, carrying out complex tasks and catalyzing chemical reactions. Scientists and engineers have long sought to harness this power by designing artificial proteins that can perform new tasks, like treat disease, capture carbon, or harvest energy, but many of the processes designed to create such proteins are slow and complex, with a high failure rate.

In a breakthrough that could have implications across the healthcare, agriculture, and energy sectors, a team lead by researchers in the Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering (PME) at the University of Chicago has developed an artificial intelligence-led process that uses big data to design new proteins.

By developing machine-learning models that can review protein information culled from genome databases, the researchers found relatively simple design rules for building artificial proteins. When the team constructed these artificial proteins in the lab, they found that they performed chemistries so well that they rivaled those found in nature.

The results were published July 24 in the journal Science.

... Because the design rules are so relatively simple, the number of artificial proteins that researchers could potentially create with them is extremely large.

"The constraints are much smaller than we ever imagined they would be,"
Ranganathan said. "There is a simplicity in nature's design rules, and we believe similar approaches could help us search for models for design in other complex systems in biology, like ecosystems or the brain."

Though artificial intelligence revealed the design rules, Ranganathan and his collaborators still don't fully understand why the models work. Next they will work to understand just how the models came to this conclusion. "There is much more work to be done," he said.



William P. Russ, et.al. An evolution-based model for designing chorismate mutase enzymes, Science (2020)
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/369/6502/440.full
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blumenkraft

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Re: Robots and AI: Our Immortality or Extinction
« Reply #399 on: July 27, 2020, 03:26:46 PM »
(Watch this if you want your mind blown. Trigger warning: Don't watch this if you are in a somewhat unstable mental situation)

Joscha Bach: Artificial Consciousness and the Nature of Reality | AI Podcast #101 with Lex Fridman


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