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Author Topic: Glossary ... for newbies and others  (Read 81639 times)

Iceismylife

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #100 on: March 21, 2018, 09:08:15 PM »
ICE= internal combustion engine  Also cold stuff in the Arctic

gerontocrat

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #101 on: March 21, 2018, 10:13:31 PM »
SWE - Snow Water Equivalent

Side note: It appears that all you lovely people are now on the brink of developing a totally new & unique language, which is based entirely on acronyms. Extremely interesting from an ethnolinguistics perspective, I must say! (but one helluva bugger to learn! The dev team at Rosetta Stone have their work cut out for them!)
But SWE can mean....

SWE - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SWE
SWE may refer to: Samberigi Airport in Papua New Guinea by IATA airport code; Sensor Web Enablement, an Open Geospatial Consortium framework for defining a Sensor Web; Shallow water equations, a set of hyperbolic partial differential equations; Snow water equivalent · Society of Women Engineers, a non-profit ...

So one needs context - will AI be able to cope ?
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Tor Bejnar

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #102 on: June 10, 2018, 11:16:10 PM »
SMB - surface mass balance
Doesn't appear in glossary. Abbreviation is used 'all the time' in Greenland Melt thread, and seldom defined there, but is here.
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Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #103 on: June 10, 2018, 11:38:50 PM »
Added, thanks.  :)
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Nlhope

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #104 on: August 03, 2018, 04:05:39 PM »
Thank you very much for this! it is a great help.   :) :-*

karl dubhe2

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #105 on: August 15, 2018, 03:40:53 AM »
Sorry to be a bother, I think this is a better place to ask than the stupid question thread. 

I was reading the end of the 2018 ENSO thread and there's an acronym that I don't understand. 

SOI, I'm thinking it's surface ocean index?  Maybe...  Probably not.  :)

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #106 on: August 15, 2018, 12:42:55 PM »
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Tor Bejnar

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #107 on: August 17, 2018, 08:08:05 PM »
MSLP - mean sea level pressure
WIPD - whole ice pack detachment

A-Team just used these terms (and defined the second)
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Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #108 on: August 20, 2018, 09:41:49 PM »
Added. Thanks, Tor.
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josh-j

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #109 on: September 21, 2018, 06:21:20 PM »
SOI - Southern Oscillation Index  ;D

Pmt111500

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #110 on: September 23, 2018, 06:01:16 PM »
SOI - Southern Oscillation Index  ;D
Oh, was that one missing??? What a bunch of amateurs we are!?!? Just one of the main ENSO components. Well, thank you for the addition.
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Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #111 on: September 23, 2018, 06:10:43 PM »
The glossary contains mostly Arctic sea ice and cryosphere-related terms, but what the heck, I've added it.  :)
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oren

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #112 on: September 23, 2018, 11:07:10 PM »
SOI - Southern Oscillation Index  ;D
Oh, was that one missing?
Actually it was already added back in August, as can be seen directly upthread.

josh-j

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #113 on: October 23, 2018, 09:07:51 PM »
It wasn't added, it was just given as a response to a question (hence my  ;D emoticon)  :D

oren

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #114 on: October 23, 2018, 09:37:31 PM »
 :) :-X

crandles

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #115 on: November 02, 2018, 07:48:41 PM »
Since someone said they didn't know what GISS was:

GISS / GISTEMP Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Does a global temperature record including LOTI (Land Ocean Temperature Index)

LOTI Land Ocean Temperature Index (Combined Land-Surface Air and Sea-Surface Water Temperature Anomalies) see GISS / GISTEMP

GHCN-v3 NASA's global meteorological station Temperature Index data (version 3)

ERSST-v5 NASA's Sea Surface Temperature Index data (version 5)

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) division does a global temperature record.

NCDC National Climatic Data Center. Division of NOAA that does a global temperature record.

HadCRU UK Met office Hadley Centre Climate Research Unit. Does a global temperature record, HadCRU4.
« Last Edit: November 02, 2018, 08:02:14 PM by crandles »

Juan C. García

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #116 on: December 01, 2018, 04:23:02 PM »
 ESAS - East Siberian Arctic Shelf

Image from:
Hi OLN,
« Last Edit: December 01, 2018, 04:28:43 PM by Juan C. García »
Which is the best answer to Sep-2012 ASI lost (compared to 1979-2000)?
50% [NSIDC Extent] or
73% [PIOMAS Volume]

Volume is harder to measure than extent, but 3-dimensional space is real, 2D's hide ~50% thickness gone.
-> IPCC/NSIDC trends [based on extent] underestimate the real speed of ASI lost.

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #117 on: December 01, 2018, 05:00:12 PM »
Added, thanks.
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Pmt111500

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #118 on: April 08, 2019, 11:20:30 AM »
Had to use the modelling acronym EMIC - Earth Model of Intermediate Complexity in the paleo modelling thread https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,2619.0.html
and thought I put it up here,
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Tom_Mazanec

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #119 on: April 15, 2019, 10:39:27 PM »
What is a "saddle collapse"?
SHARKS (CROSSED OUT) MONGEESE (SIC) WITH FRICKIN LASER BEAMS ATTACHED TO THEIR HEADS

mhampton

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #120 on: April 15, 2019, 11:29:46 PM »
What is a "saddle collapse"?
I think its when you have a glacial mountain-pass (saddle) of ice, which as it melts changes water and ice flow to cause a positive feedback on melting.

Sebastian Jones

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #121 on: April 16, 2019, 01:05:20 AM »
What is a "saddle collapse"?
I think its when you have a glacial mountain-pass (saddle) of ice, which as it melts changes water and ice flow to cause a positive feedback on melting.
Or, the description of when an ice sheet reaches a tipping point as it melts. The Laurentide Ice Sheet experienced a saddle collapse over Hudson Bay as it disintegrated into the Keewatin and Labrador sub sheets.

Tor Bejnar

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #122 on: April 16, 2019, 04:27:40 AM »
Just to substantiate what Sebastian wrote, see Collapse of the North American ice saddle 14,500 years ago caused widespread cooling and reduced ocean overturning circulation - Geophysical Research Letters 44(1) · December 2016 
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gerontocrat

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #123 on: April 16, 2019, 09:03:37 AM »
What is a "saddle collapse"?
The term "saddle" comes from geography and refers to the landscape shape of a pass between two hills, i.e. like the saddle on a horse.
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sidd

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #124 on: April 16, 2019, 09:58:23 AM »
Re: saddle collapse

I have posted on this b4:

https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1327.msg107538.html#msg107538

there is an earlier paper from 2012, doi:10.1038/nature11257 of which i again attach fig 3, since it has value on this thread also.

I note this is mainly a toplogical effect, the area available to melt skyrockets as equilibrium line altitude (ELA) rises toward the saddle.

sidd

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #125 on: April 16, 2019, 10:17:42 AM »
I think there are more than one glacier threads to discuss this. This thread is for proposing new acronyms for the glossary (mostly focused on Arctic sea ice).
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Tor Bejnar

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #126 on: May 07, 2019, 06:59:39 PM »
Terms frequently used by AbruptSLR in discussions about Antarctica ice shelf melt (and not explained elsewhere in the Glossary).

AABW - Antarctic bottom water
ABW - Arctic bottom water
ASE - Amundsen Sea Embayment - is roughly the size of the state of Texas and the area is known as the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE); it forms one of the three major ice drainage basins of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, the others being the Ross Sea Embayment and the Weddell Sea Embayment (from Wikipedia)  - the ASE includes Pine Island Glacier (PIG) and Thwaites Glacier (at the base and to the west of the Antarctic Peninsula)
CDW - Circumpolar Deep Water
GIS - Greenland Ice Sheet [or course, this is in the Arctic!]
MICI - marine ice cliff instability
MISI - marine ice-sheet instability
PIIS - Pine Island Ice Shelf
SAM - Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode (Wikipedia)
« Last Edit: May 07, 2019, 08:15:46 PM by Tor Bejnar »
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Glen Koehler

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #127 on: May 24, 2019, 08:12:55 PM »
to add DMI - Danish Meteorloglical Institute, usually referring to their chart of average temperature north of 80N.  My understanding is that those temperatures are not area-weighted.  So small circle at 89N gets as much weight as much larger area at 80N.

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #128 on: May 24, 2019, 09:59:28 PM »
There's an Antarctic glossary as well. I've added the Antarctic acronyms there. The rest here.
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Glen Koehler

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #129 on: May 27, 2019, 06:20:52 AM »
AMOC - Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 
- Atlantic Ocean component of the global thermohaline circulation.  The "Gulf Stream" is a subcomponent of the AMOC.

Davidsf

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #130 on: June 14, 2019, 03:26:27 PM »
Hi I'm seeing the acronym SMOS in the melt season stream, and I don't know what it stands for. I looked but didn't see it here in the glossary. Probably missed it, but could someone help? Thanks

b_lumenkraft

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #131 on: June 14, 2019, 03:28:48 PM »
Here you go David >> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil_Moisture_and_Ocean_Salinity

Quote
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity, or SMOS, is a satellite which forms part of ESA's Living Planet Programme. It is intended to provide new insights into Earth's water cycle and climate. In addition, it is intended to provide improved weather forecasting and monitoring of snow and ice accumulation

oren

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #132 on: June 14, 2019, 03:34:16 PM »
SMOS is known in these parts for the Uni Bremen sea ice thinness product (with some caveats, mostly reliable during winter, but showing surface wetness in summer).

https://seaice.uni-bremen.de/thin-ice-thickness/

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #133 on: June 14, 2019, 03:39:27 PM »
Thank you b_lumen and Oren.

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #134 on: June 14, 2019, 04:06:56 PM »
SMOS added to the list.
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gerontocrat

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #135 on: June 14, 2019, 05:46:28 PM »
to add DMI - Danish Meteorloglical Institute, usually referring to their chart of average temperature north of 80N.  My understanding is that those temperatures are not area-weighted.  So small circle at 89N gets as much weight as much larger area at 80N.

I also look at lots of other stuff from the Danish Meteorological Institute:-

http://polarportal.dk/en/greenland/surface-conditions/
http://ocean.dmi.dk/arctic/kennedy.uk.php Satellie images for all around Greenland and links to images elsewhere,
http://ocean.dmi.dk/satellite/index.uk.php Sea Surface temps and anomalies.

I am sure there is loads of other stuff there as well.
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dnem

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #136 on: July 06, 2019, 09:42:39 PM »
"The ECMWF has got ridiculously warmer than 00Z, but at least confirms the WAA over ESS (now getting really deep by day 5) and then stuff that may flop in next run"

WAA?

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #137 on: July 06, 2019, 09:52:30 PM »
Warm Air Advection (a more scientific sounding term than 'balmy winds'  ;) ). Added now.
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Sterks

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #138 on: July 06, 2019, 09:53:03 PM »
Warm Air Advection. I use it when the isobars are really tight in the direction from the continent toward the ice, and lasts a few days, but is used everywhere apart from the Arctic

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #139 on: July 06, 2019, 09:54:16 PM »
Warm Air Advection (a more scientific sounding term than 'balmy winds'  ;) ). Added now.
Right. Basically :-) thanks for better explanation

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #140 on: July 06, 2019, 09:59:52 PM »
BTW, I prefer WAA over balmy winds.  ;)

Now this pops up in the MST:

Quote
the model run is NOT breaking down the effect from the FSW (earlier post wrt Judah Cohens tweet)

Does anyone know what FSW stands for?
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Sterks

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #141 on: July 06, 2019, 10:15:13 PM »
WAA is short
FSW, no idea. Freaking Sudden Warming? It is a hell of a heat wave
Final Stratospheric Warming?

Rod

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #142 on: July 06, 2019, 10:35:45 PM »
Below is the tweet from Judah Cohen. It was quoted in post 3284 in the melting thread.

I was also trying to figure out what FSW means.  I think Lord Vader will need to tell us.  But, Sterks’ second guess seems reasonable. 

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #143 on: July 06, 2019, 10:44:33 PM »
Yeah, the Final Stratospheric Warming started before the summer, and it seems polar Stratospheric temps should be normal by now, but remained high during the summer. This apparently helps to maintain high geopotential levels over the Arctic keeping polar vortex away (and lows away). Now it may end, expect more storms entering the pack. That's how I(half) understand it

Tor Bejnar

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #144 on: July 07, 2019, 04:16:25 AM »
FSW from here
Fsw = Daily average solar radiation in W/m^2.

FSW = the solar insolation at the top of the atmosphere  [note:  it is "F" sub "SW" ]
from here - used 17 times in that paper  (This paper referenced in 2017 by rboyd)

and in context: 
Quote
The annual-mean incident solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere (FSW) varies significantly over the Arctic Ocean latitudes ranging from about 210 W m-2 at 65oN (roughly the latitude of Bering Strait) to less than 175 W m-2 at the North Pole.
« Last Edit: July 07, 2019, 04:59:40 AM by Tor Bejnar »
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Glen Koehler

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #145 on: July 14, 2019, 04:02:22 AM »
NP North Pole

Neven

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #146 on: July 14, 2019, 10:37:56 AM »
Added, thanks.
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Archimid

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #147 on: August 05, 2019, 10:28:39 AM »
WAA... I love it.

Milankovitch cycles... M. cycles?
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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #148 on: August 09, 2019, 09:27:30 AM »
FSW from here
Fsw = Daily average solar radiation in W/m^2.
[Edited]
It would help me to remember the abbreviation for a constant (?), to have the glossary entry include the words solar Flux (F) and the radiative flux subscript short-wave (sw).
« Last Edit: August 09, 2019, 11:35:21 AM by sja45uk »

Pmt111500

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Re: Glossary ... for newbies and others
« Reply #149 on: August 11, 2019, 10:17:16 AM »
Since I used it without explanation

IOD - Indian Ocean Dipole index, somewhat irregular large scale oscillation in the state of Indian Ocean regions (forgot what areas are used to calculate this one, some cross-equator And east-west variation is included in this.)
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