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Author Topic: Greenland Moulins  (Read 1293 times)

NotaDenier

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NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2019, 02:30:29 PM »
Exploring Greenland moulins. Sponsored by Red Bull?

https://www.redbull.com/int-en/films/AP-1WJYH8Q691W11

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #2 on: August 01, 2019, 02:33:13 PM »
Paper in the Journal Nature

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature13796

Non paywall:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266576559_Direct_observations_of_evolving_subglacial_drainage_beneath_the_Greenland_Ice_Sheet

Edit -> Added abstract

Seasonal acceleration of the Greenland Ice Sheet is influenced by the dynamic response of the subglacial hydrologic system to variability in meltwater delivery to the bed1,2 via crevasses and moulins (vertical conduits connecting supraglacial water to the bed of the ice sheet). As the melt season progresses, the subglacial hydrologic system drains supraglacial meltwater more efficiently1,2,3,4, decreasing basal water pressure4 and moderating the ice velocity response to surface melting1,2. However, limited direct observations of subglacial water pressure4,5,6,7 mean that the spatiotemporal evolution of the subglacial hydrologic system remains poorly understood. Here we show that ice velocity is well correlated with moulin hydraulic head but is out of phase with that of nearby (0.3–2 kilometres away) boreholes, indicating that moulins connect to an efficient, channelized component of the subglacial hydrologic system, which exerts the primary control on diurnal and multi-day changes in ice velocity. Our simultaneous measurements of moulin and borehole hydraulic head and ice velocity in the Paakitsoq region of western Greenland show that decreasing trends in ice velocity during the latter part of the melt season cannot be explained by changes in the ability of moulin-connected channels to convey supraglacial melt. Instead, these observations suggest that decreasing late-season ice velocity may be caused by changes in connectivity in unchannelized regions of the subglacial hydrologic system. Understanding this spatiotemporal variability in subglacial pressures is increasingly important because melt-season dynamics affect ice velocity beyond the conclusion of the melt season
« Last Edit: August 01, 2019, 02:44:57 PM by NotaDenier »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #3 on: August 01, 2019, 02:54:21 PM »
The area they were studying.

https://images.app.goo.gl/6nhstX6Z7zQRRf6F9

"Paakitsoq region (red box). Green outline shows the subglacial catchment feeding the Asiaq gauging station (green triangle for k = 0.95). Coordinates refer to UTM Zone 22°. The base Landsat 7 ETM+ image is dated 7 July 2001."

« Last Edit: August 01, 2019, 03:02:44 PM by NotaDenier »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #4 on: August 01, 2019, 08:09:39 PM »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #5 on: August 01, 2019, 08:16:40 PM »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #6 on: August 01, 2019, 08:30:43 PM »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #7 on: August 01, 2019, 08:38:00 PM »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #8 on: August 01, 2019, 08:40:23 PM »

NotaDenier

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #9 on: August 01, 2019, 08:43:33 PM »
Understanding meltwater drainpipe formation In Greenland ice sheet


https://www.lanl.gov/discover/news-release-archive/2018/January/0122-greenland-meltwater-drainpipe-formation.php

Moulins permit access of surface meltwater to the glacier bed, causing basal lubrication and ice speedup in the ablation zone of western Greenland during summer. Despite the substantial impact of moulins on ice dynamics, the conditions under which they form are poorly understood. We assimilate a time series of ice surface velocity from a network of eleven Global Positioning System receivers into an ice sheet model to estimate ice sheet stresses during winter, spring, and summer in a ∼30 × 10 km region. Surface‐parallel von Mises stress increases slightly during spring speedup and early summer, sufficient to allow formation of 16% of moulins mapped in the study area. In contrast, 63% of moulins experience stresses over the tensile strength of ice during a short (hours) supraglacial lake drainage event. Lake drainages appear to control moulin density, which is itself a control on subglacial drainage efficiency and summer ice velocities.

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2017GL075659

Stephan

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #10 on: August 02, 2019, 08:32:32 AM »
Thank you all for posting the links to videos about moulins!

blumenkraft

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Re: Greenland Moulins
« Reply #11 on: August 02, 2019, 05:13:14 PM »
Yes, those are stunning videos. Thanks so much for sharing, NotaDenier!

I learned a lot.
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