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Author Topic: Methane Hydrate - Natural Gas Production - CO2 sequestration  (Read 5247 times)

Apocalypse4Real

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Methane Hydrate - Natural Gas Production - CO2 sequestration
« on: March 13, 2013, 09:26:49 PM »
There are two interesting pieces of research out this week, with significant implications for methane hydrate - natural gas production.

The first is an announcement from Japan on successful drilling and extraction of natural gas from methane hydrate sources. The key comments:

"The Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry said a team aboard the scientific drilling ship Chikyu had started a trial extraction of gas from a layer of methane hydrates about 300 meters, or 1,000 feet, below the seabed Tuesday morning. The ship has been drilling since January in an area of the Pacific about 1,000 meters deep and 80 kilometers, or 50 miles, south of the Atsumi Peninsula in central Japan."

"A separate, rough estimate by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology has put the total amount of methane hydrate in the waters surrounding Japan at more than 7 trillion cubic meters, or what researchers have long said is closer to 100 years’ worth of Japan’s natural gas needs."

"Scientists at the U.S.G.S. note, however, that there is still a limited understanding of how drilling for hydrates might affect the environment, particularly the possible release of methane, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere, and are calling for continued research and monitoring."

"If test wells prove safe and economic, commercial methane production could begin as early as 2016. Methane has previously been extracted from methane hydrate buried deep under Arctic permafrost, but not from ocean deposits. The substance is formed by a combination of high pressures and cold temperatures. To produce usable gas, methane is separated from from a "cage" of ice by sucking out seawater to lower the surrounding pressure. One cubic foot of solid methane hydrate yields about 164 cubic feet of gas."
 
Two articles are:

http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/12/business/japan-fire-ice-gas/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/13/business/global/japan-says-it-is-first-to-tap-methane-hydrate-deposit.html

Additionally, Data from Innovative Methane Hydrate Test on Alaska's North Slope Now Available on NETL Website. Test Demonstrated Ability to Inject CO2, Nitrogen, and Initiate and Maintain Gas Production

"Methane hydrate – essentially molecules of natural gas trapped in ice crystals – represents a potentially enormous energy resource, possibly exceeding the combined energy content of all other fossil fuels. Hydrate resources in arctic sandstone reservoirs contain an in-place gas volume estimated to be in the 100’s of trillions of cubic feet (TCF), while hydrate in marine sands is estimated to contain 1,000’s to 10,000’s of TCF, and hydrate dispersed through marine mud is estimated to contain 100,000’s of TCF.

In addition to the immense resource, CO2 injection into methane hydrate deposits is a technology that can potentially both release an energy resource while permanently storing carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas."

http://www.netl.doe.gov/publications/press/2013/130312_data_from_innovative.html

gfwellman

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Re: Methane Hydrate - Natural Gas Production - CO2 sequestration
« Reply #1 on: April 11, 2013, 02:06:06 AM »
Another article on the same topic.  http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/plugged-in/2013/03/19/methane-hydrates-bigger-than-shale-gas-game-over-for-the-environment/
Quote
While hydrate resources look like an enormous boon to energy-starved nations like Japan, all that carbon and methane has climate scientists and advocates concerned.

... methane hydrates contain more carbon than all the world’s other fossil resources combined, according to USGS estimates.

If developed at a significant scale, hydrates would certainly be more than enough to cook the climate.

morganism

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Re: Methane Hydrate - Natural Gas Production - CO2 sequestration
« Reply #2 on: July 24, 2014, 12:19:55 AM »
this is the talk given by the bio researcher for the tungsten link in methanogens, and some of the sequestration pathways observed

https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/seminars/featured-seminar-channels/early-career-seminars/2014/3/3/microbes-methane-and-metals-insights-from-geochemistry-omics-and-single-cell-imaging/


and the US methane hydrate fuel project is ongoing

http://energy.gov/fe/science-innovation/oil-gas-research/methane-hydrate

 

AbruptSLR

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Re: Methane Hydrate - Natural Gas Production - CO2 sequestration
« Reply #3 on: July 24, 2014, 06:09:11 PM »
As noted the carbon fuel available from methane hydrates exceeds the remaining reserves from all the other conventional and unconventional fuel sources combined.  The attached image shows estimates of potential carbon emission reserves, and to date, from various sources, as estimated by the indicated agencies, the IPCC reserves limits are from AR4, from Hansen et.al. 2011:
“It is not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who can best manage change.”
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