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vox_mundi

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #750 on: March 13, 2019, 03:58:35 PM »
The 'Ecological Foundations of Society' are In Peril, a Massive UN Report Warns
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/03/13/millions-could-die-prematurely-without-unprecedented-action-clean-air-water-new-un-report-warns/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.c7443e4ce4ca

Human activities are degrading the global environment at a pace that could endanger the "ecological foundations of society" and human health, according to a landmark United Nations report released Wednesday.

The authors say that with unprecedented action on a global scale -- including drastically cutting carbon emissions, improving water management and reducing pollution -- humans can achieve a future with less poverty and hunger while preserving the environment. ... our window for action is closing fast. If we continue business as usual, the authors warn, we can expect:

Quote
- Millions of premature deaths caused by air pollution across large swaths of Asia, the Middle East and Africa by the middle of this century.
- The continuation of a major species extinction event, impairing Earth's capacity to meet human food and resource needs.
- Freshwater pollutants making antimicrobial-resistant infections a major cause of death by 2050.

The 740 page report is the sixth Global Environment Outlook and is the UN's most comprehensive report on the state of the global environment since the fifth edition in 2012. More than 250 scientists and experts from more than 70 countries contributed to the assessment.



The authors echo findings from last fall's UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report that, to avoid disastrous levels of global warming, urgent changes to all aspects of society are needed.

Unfortunately, greenhouse gas emissions have locked the world into a period of climate change defined by rising seas, more frequent and intense storms and food security crises, the report says.

Climate change is hardly the only environmental crisis unfolding due to human activity that the report urges action to address.

Species extinction rates continue to increase at a pace that could compromise Earth's ability to meet human needs, the report says.

The authors also detail how feeding the growing human population remains a challenge that is taking a toll on the environment. Land is getting less fertile and useful. The report says degradation “hot spots,” where it’s difficult to grow crops, now cover 29 percent of all land areas.

... it comes on the heels of another U.N. report, issued in October, which said that the international community has 12 years to limit the disastrous effects of climate change.



https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27652/GEO6SPM_EN.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/video/planet-focus-global-environment-outlook

------------------------

Environment is Deadly and Worsening Mess, but Not Hopeless: U.N.
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/03/13/world/science-health-world/environment-deadly-worsening-mess-not-hopeless-u-n/#.XIkbMyJKjIU



... “There is still time but the window is closing fast.”

The sixth Global Environment Outlook, released Wednesday at a U.N. conference in Nairobi, Kenya, painted a dire picture of a planet where environmental problems interact with each other to make things even more dangerous for people. It uses the word “risk” 561 times in a 740-page report.

The report concludes “unsustainable human activities globally have degraded the Earth’s ecosystems, endangering the ecological foundations of society.”



“Time is running out to prevent the irreversible and dangerous impacts of climate change,” the report says, noting that unless something changes, global temperatures will exceed the threshold of warming — another 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above current temperatures — that international agreements call dangerous.
« Last Edit: March 13, 2019, 04:23:47 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

wdmn

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #751 on: March 14, 2019, 05:30:50 AM »
This follows on vox_mundi's post above.

Because I wasn't sure where else to put it... places becoming less livable: Earth.

New UN report discusses arctic temperatures:

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/433886-un-report-finds-globe-is-past-the-point-of-halting-temperature-rise

Dramatic temperature increases in the globe’s northernmost region, which is typically covered by permafrost, is unavoidable, according to the report released at the United Nations Environment Assembly.

Even if countries were to meet the original goals of the Paris climate agreement, it would do nothing to stop Arctic winter temperatures from increasing 3 to 5 degrees Celsius by 2050 and 5 to 9 degrees Celsius by 2080, according to the report.

The resulting sea level rises worldwide would be devastating.

The report also warned that the rapid thawing of permafrost in the region could likely accelerate the effects of climate change, which could completely negate any long-term international pacts and goals to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius compared to 1986-2005 levels.

.....

To put the study’s findings into perspective, even if global emissions were to completely stop overnight, winter temperatures in the arctic would still increase between 4 to 5 degrees Celsius by 2100 compared to the late 20th century’s temperatures, the study found.


*gulp*

vox_mundi

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #752 on: March 14, 2019, 08:13:30 AM »
More from the Guardian ...

Sharp Rise in Arctic Temperatures Now Inevitable – UN 
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/13/arctic-temperature-rises-must-be-urgently-tackled-warns-un

... Winter temperatures at the north pole are likely to rise by at least 3C above pre-industrial levels by mid-century, and there could be further rises to between 5C and 9C above the recent average for the region, according to the UN.

... Scientists fear Arctic heating could trigger a climate “tipping point” as melting permafrost releases the powerful greenhouse gas methane into the atmosphere, which in turn could create a runaway warming effect.

If melting permafrost triggers a tipping point, the likely results would be global temperature rises well in excess of the 2C set as the limit of safety under the Paris agreement. Nearly half of Arctic permafrost could be lost even if global carbon emissions are held within the Paris agreement limits, according to the UN study.

UN Report: https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27652/GEO6SPM_EN.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

... Even if the Paris Agreement is met, Arctic permafrost is expected to shrink 45% compared to today. Globally, these frozen soils hold an estimated 1,672 billion metric tonnes of carbon. Increased thawing is expected to contribute significantly to carbon dioxide and methane emissions. The resulting warming will in turn lead to more thawing – an effect known as ‘positive feedback’

https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/3-5degc-temperature-rise-now-locked-arctic
« Last Edit: March 14, 2019, 08:54:31 AM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

kassy

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #753 on: March 14, 2019, 02:51:31 PM »

The Toxic Consequences of America’s Plastics Boom

Thanks to fracking, petrochemicals giants are poised to make the plastic pollution crisis much, much worse.

Companies are investing $65 billion to dramatically expand plastics production in the United States, and more than 333 petrochemical projects are underway or newly completed, including brand-new facilities, expansions of existing plants, vast networks of pipelines, and shipping infrastructure. This is a sharp reversal of fortune for American plastics manufacturers. Just over a decade ago, major plastics makers shed tens of thousands of jobs as cheaper operating costs in Asia and the Middle East lured production overseas. Now, thanks to the fracking revolution, producing plastic has become radically cheaper in the United States, leading to a glut of raw materials for its creation. The economic winds have shifted so profoundly that petrochemical companies have declared a “renaissance” in American plastics manufacturing. In turn, plastic is becoming an increasingly important source of profit for Big Oil, providing yet another reason to drill in the face of climate change.

...

<during Trumps may 2017 Saudi Arabia visit>
Meanwhile, in a mint-and-gold-colored room within the Saudi royal court, executives struck their own deals. Among them were Darren Woods, the CEO and chairman of ExxonMobil, and Yousef Al-Benyan, CEO of the Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), one of the world’s largest producers of petrochemicals. With Trump, Saudi King Salman, and then–US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson (a former Exxon CEO) looking on, Woods and Al-Benyan shook hands on a joint venture to build what will be the largest plastics facility of its kind, on Texas’s Gulf Coast.

...

Plotted on a map, the rectangle of land where Exxon plans to build is nearly as large as Portland and about twice the size of neighboring Gregory, a low-income, largely Hispanic community.

...

According to Exxon’s requested air permit, the facility will emit sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and nitrogen oxides, which can combine to form ozone smog; carcinogens, including benzene, formaldehyde, and butadiene; and other particulate matter. The health risks of these emissions include eye and throat irritation, respiratory problems, and headaches, as well as nose bleeds at low levels and, at high levels, more serious damage to vital organs and the central nervous system.

...

Now, the Texas Campaign for the Environment and the Sierra Club, working on behalf of Portland and Gregory residents, are contesting the air-quality permits that Exxon requested from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Summerlin is not naive about the prospects of this effort: The commission is notoriously friendly to industry and, as far as Summerlin knows, has never denied a permit

...

All of these new facilities will require water; Exxon’s cracker alone will consume 20 to 25 million gallons per day, more than all the water currently used each day in San Patricio County’s water district. But the area is prone to drought. The Port of Corpus Christi has plans to build a seawater-desalination plant on Harbor Island near Port Aransas, which could lead to discharges of extremely salty water back into the bays that serve as nurseries for shrimp and fish. The development is also vulnerable to hurricanes. When Hurricane Harvey swept across Houston in 2017, many chemical plants shut down, releasing an estimated 1 million pounds of excess toxic emissions that drifted into neighboring communities.

https://www.thenation.com/article/plastics-pollution-crisis-fracking-petrochemicals/

Just some quotes from a long and good (and rather depressing) article.

ritter

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #754 on: March 14, 2019, 04:26:04 PM »
@vox and wdmn,

Those are horrific studies. It would appear the referenced "tipping point" has already been exceeded. Now commencing feedback loop.

wdmn

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #755 on: March 14, 2019, 05:40:27 PM »
@vox and wdmn,

Those are horrific studies. It would appear the referenced "tipping point" has already been exceeded. Now commencing feedback loop.

Yeah, I'm surprised how little coverage it's getting, though I guess I shouldn't be.

anthropocene

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #756 on: March 14, 2019, 08:47:18 PM »
More from the Guardian ...

Sharp Rise in Arctic Temperatures Now Inevitable – UN 
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/13/arctic-temperature-rises-must-be-urgently-tackled-warns-un

... Winter temperatures at the north pole are likely to rise by at least 3C above pre-industrial levels by mid-century, and there could be further rises to between 5C and 9C above the recent average for the region, according to the UN.

<---- snip
https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/3-5degc-temperature-rise-now-locked-arctic

You would think that when quoting just about straight from the source the Guardian would be more accurate: The unenvironment link says;
"Even if Paris Agreement goals met, Arctic winter temperatures will increase 3-5°C by 2050 compared to 1986-2005 levels."     

1986-2005 is NOT pre-industrial.

vox_mundi

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #757 on: March 15, 2019, 12:32:36 AM »
Malaysia Shuts 111 Schools as Toxic Dumping Poisons Hundreds 
https://dw.com/en/malaysia-shuts-111-schools-as-toxic-dumping-poisons-hundreds/a-47905693

The situation is becoming "increasingly critical" after hundreds more children were admitted to hospital. Three people suspected of involvement in the dumping of toxic waste have been arrested.

Malaysia has closed 111 schools after hundreds of people, many of them children, were hospitalized following the suspected dumping of toxic waste in a nearby river, authorities said.

Hazardous fumes spread across Johor in the country's south last week after a truck was believed to have dumped the waste, causing symptoms including nausea and vomiting.   

--------------------------
Over 2,000 Fall Ill in Malaysia after Toxic Waste Dumped 
https://phys.org/news/2019-03-fall-ill-malaysia-toxic-dumped.html

More than 2,000 people, including many children, have fallen ill after toxic waste was dumped in a Malaysian river and emitted hazardous fumes over a wide area, an official said Friday.

The number of those needing medical treatment has been slowly rising since the crisis began and on Friday the figure stood at 2,355, including 113 still in hospital, local lawmaker Sahruddin Jamal told AFP.

Local media have reported the waste was a type of oil commonly used to lubricate ship's engines which emitted methane and benzene fumes. Up to 40 tonnes of the toxic substance is believed to have been tipped into the river.

« Last Edit: March 15, 2019, 02:02:45 PM by vox_mundi »
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Shared Humanity

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #758 on: March 16, 2019, 04:17:23 PM »
Now multiply this 1000 fold to begin to grapple with the challenges that climate change will present even the wealthiest nation in the world.


Shared Humanity

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #759 on: March 16, 2019, 04:32:56 PM »
https://apnews.com/e0ceae76d5894734b0041210a902218d

In hindsight, he said, it might not have been a bad idea to inform the public about the worst of “dozens of spills.”

Ya think?

Just wait until the next storm that dumps 80 inches of rain instead of 50 inches...and it will happen...

vox_mundi

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #760 on: March 16, 2019, 04:48:32 PM »
https://apnews.com/e0ceae76d5894734b0041210a902218d

In hindsight, he said, it might not have been a bad idea to inform the public about the worst of “dozens of spills.”

Ya think?

Just wait until the next storm that dumps 80 inches of rain instead of 50 inches...and it will happen...
Related ...

https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1858.msg191257.html#msg191257

Post-Hurricane Harvey, NASA Tried To Fly a Pollution-Spotting Plane over Houston… Trump's EPA Said No!
https://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-nasa-jet-epa-hurricane-harvey-20190305-story.html
“There are three classes of people: those who see. Those who see when they are shown. Those who do not see.” ― Leonardo da Vinci

Insensible before the wave so soon released by callous fate. Affected most, they understand the least, and understanding, when it comes, invariably arrives too late

Human Habitat Index

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #761 on: March 18, 2019, 03:23:06 PM »
There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance. That principle is contempt prior to investigation. - Herbert Spencer

bbr2314

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #762 on: March 18, 2019, 03:29:09 PM »
Polio is the result of infection by the poliovirus.

20 Things You Don’t Know About Polio

https://realnewsaustralia.com/2019/02/27/the-real-history-of-polio-20-things-you-didnt-know/

Is Neven going to allow anti-vax BS to proliferate on his website? Because that's what this is. Neven???

Human Habitat Index

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #763 on: March 18, 2019, 03:54:41 PM »
Polio is the result of infection by the poliovirus.

20 Things You Don’t Know About Polio

https://realnewsaustralia.com/2019/02/27/the-real-history-of-polio-20-things-you-didnt-know/

Pesticides - DDT - Rachel Carson - Silent Spring

There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance. That principle is contempt prior to investigation. - Herbert Spencer

Mozi

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #764 on: March 18, 2019, 04:13:59 PM »
Polio is the result of infection by the poliovirus.

gerontocrat

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #765 on: March 18, 2019, 05:19:35 PM »
This anti-vax bullshit is making this thread less livable.
Let us hope the infection does not spread throughout the forum.

Has Neven got a vaccination to hand?
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Shared Humanity

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #766 on: March 18, 2019, 06:37:02 PM »
This anti-vax bullshit is making this thread less livable.
Let us hope the infection does not spread throughout the forum.

Has Neven got a vaccination to hand?

Anti-vax persons are anti-science and I would look at individuals with a jaundiced eye as regards to their attitudes towards climate change.

Back on topic people.

magnamentis

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #767 on: March 18, 2019, 07:30:10 PM »
This anti-vax bullshit is making this thread less livable.
Let us hope the infection does not spread throughout the forum.

Has Neven got a vaccination to hand?

Anti-vax persons are anti-science and I would look at individuals with a jaundiced eye as regards to their attitudes towards climate change.

Back on topic people.

i'm anti anything that:

- would have to be produced for billions to save a few and at the same time leaves a direct energy and resources footprint, and supports over population. it's turning the screws of nature under the disguise of humanity and political correctness but ultimately kills a big part of the fauna and flora on this planet.

the urge to insure everything and protect ourselves from everything will kill us all.

vaccine is only one example but just imagine the energy and resources needed to produce
them for all mankind and how few really benefit with an often unknown long-term price tag (side-effects)

this would become to long to read to go deeper but i know that GW is manmade and still am against vaccine and i'm not against science while not all that is released by scientists is sacrosanct.

where does overpopulation in third world country come from, when did it start ?

i won't answer this, ask yourself and think whether africa for example wouldn't be better of with the population they had a hundred years ago or even before that.

too many people with to little perspectives are, beside all natural causes, another huge factor in an eventually ultimate mass extinction and this does apply to almost any organic population, trees, animals and animals who think they are the crown of creation while in fact they're mostly stupid and cruel at the same time, only intentionally as compared to simple animaliistic instincts.

egos are greeting ;)
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Neven

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #768 on: March 18, 2019, 11:51:12 PM »
I'm a bit of an anti-vaxxer myself (not because I'm anti-science per se, but mostly because I'm anti-Big Pharma, against the economic reasons for vaccines, and think there are much bigger health problems than infectious diseases that don't get the attention they deserve, because they're causing human degeneration), but I've seen this type of discussions and they're very tiresome. I don't want the ASIF to become less livable.  ;)

Because HHI keeps on shooting those posts from the hip, I've put him on moderation.

Il faut comparer, comparer, comparer, et cultiver notre jardin

rboyd

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #769 on: March 19, 2019, 02:04:56 AM »
bbr2314, attempting to shut someone down with a highly emotive image is not what I expect in this forum. There is a place for discussion, I myself definitely question the efficacy of some vaccines (e.g. the flu vaccine) while most definitely accepting the efficacy of others (e.g..smallpox, whooping cough, polio etc.). This is not a forum about vaccines, but climate change, so having noted my distaste I will not post on this subject again.

Juan C. García

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #770 on: March 19, 2019, 03:24:45 PM »
https://apnews.com/e0ceae76d5894734b0041210a902218d

In hindsight, he said, it might not have been a bad idea to inform the public about the worst of “dozens of spills.”

Ya think?

Just wait until the next storm that dumps 80 inches of rain instead of 50 inches...and it will happen...
Related ...

https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1858.msg191257.html#msg191257

Post-Hurricane Harvey, NASA Tried To Fly a Pollution-Spotting Plane over Houston… Trump's EPA Said No!
https://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-nasa-jet-epa-hurricane-harvey-20190305-story.html

Now on Deer Park (TX), the situation has changed from flooding to chemical plant fire. Parents are concerned that kids are allowed to go to schools close to the fire. Seems to me that authorities are more concerned on keeping the business as usual, than concerned on the children's health.

https://abc13.com/parents-concerned-after-classes-resume-while-itc-fire-still-burns/5205019/
« Last Edit: March 19, 2019, 03:45:41 PM by Juan C. García »
Which is the best answer to Sep-2012 ASI lost (compared to 1979-2000)?
50% [NSIDC Extent] or
73% [PIOMAS Volume]

Volume is harder to measure than extent, but 3-dimensional space is real, 2D's hide ~50% thickness gone.
-> IPCC/NSIDC trends [based on extent] underestimate the real speed of ASI lost.

Chuck Yokota

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #771 on: March 19, 2019, 04:01:11 PM »
I found the polio article full of BS with a heavy conspiracy theory mindset, about like a typical denier rant against climate science.

Anyway, Big Pharma has no interest in promoting treatments that cost a few dollars once in a lifetime; the real money is in medications for chronic conditions that people need to take every day. That is where the scandals about unethical and illegal marketing and promotion have been revealed.
« Last Edit: March 19, 2019, 04:10:18 PM by Chuck Yokota »

b_lumenkraft

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #772 on: March 19, 2019, 04:30:59 PM »
I agree with you Neven that the system we are living in is not optimal. Yeah, there is indeed a problem with corporate interests in health care. But, this does not change the fact that vaccinations work and prevent a lot of harm.

Seriously, if we allow this anti-vaxxer shit we might as well open a flat-earth thread to attract all the lunatics out there.

That said, i would prefer this to stay a forum for people who base their opinions on facts.

silkman

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #773 on: March 19, 2019, 04:38:15 PM »

Anyway, Big Pharma has no interest in promoting treatments that cost a few dollars once in a lifetime; the real money is in medications for chronic conditions that people need to take every day.

That's the 20th century paradigm and its not really true any more. Most of the big markets for chronic medication are now well satisfied by out of patent drugs. There's a few fancy formulations out there, particularly in asthma but the big bucks these days are in biologics, primarily monoclonal antibodies, supported by genetic markers for disease.

This approach will prove increasingly divisive as the cost of development is high and the fragmentation of markets for genetically targeted therapy results in financial models demanding stratospheric prices for effective personalised medicine.

The outcome, increasingly, is resulting in 21st century healthcare being beyond the means of the majority of the population. In the UK NHS there are stories every week of the agency responsible of cost effectiveness in healthcare failing to approve targeted therapies on cost grounds to the dismay, often, of the parents of young children. It's a model that is driving social division.

Against this background vaccines are at the other end of the scale and represent true social medicine. The objective is herd immunity and the risk to the vaccinated population is not zero but it's very low. And it's the poor and the disadvantaged in society that benefit most as, in general, they are at greatest risk.

After a long career in life sciences I find it difficult to understand how my good, mostly science minded friends on this site could be swayed by the fallacious arguments of the anti-vaccine lobby.

Neven

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #774 on: March 19, 2019, 07:59:26 PM »
Just to be clear, that was the last anti-vaccination post I'm letting through, because HHI is on moderation now. I'm not interested in the discussion. There are millions of them on the Internet. No need for another one here.

So, on-topic again, please.
Il faut comparer, comparer, comparer, et cultiver notre jardin

Gray-Wolf

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Re: Places becoming less livable
« Reply #775 on: March 19, 2019, 08:35:56 PM »
A.F.A.I.K when Saharan dust reaches the Caribbean there is a notable uptick in asthma attacks. They reckon it is the biological bits , and not the silica, that drives this?

Should we be seeing a new 'go to' for atmospheric pressure distribution for NW Europe the shift from 'trough off Ireland' to 'Ridge over Shetland' ity could bring NW Europe far more than high temps and sunny summers!

In my youth here it the UK we look out for 'Spanish plumes' if we like storms over summer. Recently they are more often 'African Plumes' and bring us red dust for our cars. Will they bring the same asthma issues the Caribbean see?
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