Arctic Sea Ice : Forum

Off-topic => The rest => Topic started by: AbruptSLR on June 11, 2016, 06:14:58 PM

Title: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 11, 2016, 06:14:58 PM
I made the following post in the "Arctic Sea Ice Humor" thread, where I tried to use "The Matrix" as a metaphor as a mental system that has trapped/isolated individuals into a materialistic/hedonistic way of thinking/being; rather than becoming "unplugged" from the system/matrix so that they could express their free will as Neo learns to do.  And in this thread I hope to engage in a multi-layer/level (technical/philosophical/political/psychological/scientific etc, e.g. see the link to Elon Musk's opinion that we do in fact inhabit a "computer" generated reality) discussion of how systemic thinking tends to cling to old values/thinking resulting in individual/group isolation from an ever changing reality, which results in suffering, rather than in living a life unburdened by bias & limitations.

Re-post:

"And many of them are so inert, so hopelessly dependent on the system that they will fight to protect it." Morpheus, The Matrix


Edit: See also

http://www.newyorker.com/books/joshua-rothman/what-are-the-odds-we-are-living-in-a-computer-simulation (http://www.newyorker.com/books/joshua-rothman/what-are-the-odds-we-are-living-in-a-computer-simulation)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 11, 2016, 09:14:53 PM
Any systematic discussion like that attempted in this thread runs immediately into the problem that it only presents partial concepts that create the very isolation that is under discussion, and thus may contribute to both confusion and conflict.  This is why I started this thread in the "Open" topic folder, rather than say the "Science" folder where I have made many related posts in the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread (see the following link).

http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1308.0.html (http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1308.0.html)

Such confusion and conflict are all the more likely as it is my intention to slowly/steadily post on topics ranging from the process used to support conclusions that form the "Scientific Consensus" on climate change, to human evolution, to philosophy, to AI technology, to socio-economic interactions, etc.

So to continue the discussion of the convoluted topic of "Systemic Isolation" (beyond the analogy that the Matrix makes with trapping human minds in a computer generated artificial reality as a metaphor for our current life-draining materialistic global socio-economic system); I note that:

(1) Evolution has biased human emotions/feelings (that we use to deal with complex situations from living in the wild to warfare between tribes to dealing ineptly with climate change) with "Survivor Bias", where aggressive risk takers (predecessors to neoliberal economic Milton Friedman types) tend to produce more children (as are religious fundamentalists) and to express such survivor bias parents with more children tend to deny climate change much more frequently.  This survivor bias also helps explain neoliberal focus on aggressive action (including Dessert Storms actions to tie our socio-economic system to oil from the Mideast) when confronted by crisis situations (as will occur under catastrophic climate change scenarios).

(2) Noting the prior point that neoliberals default to aggressive action (read as: tribalistic systemic isolation of us vs them) to for crisis like situations, including climate change, it is not surprising that the state elite assign responsibility for state of the art climate modeling like ACME to the US Department of Energy (which has a clearly biased mission to promote energy consumption), or that the POTUS has made the US military a focal point for implementing government climate mitigation efforts.  Similarly, such human propensity for systemic isolation (to address/confront complex situations), helps to explain why the UN's IPCC was created without any policy scope to recommend steps that would encourage leaving fossil fuels in the ground such as imposing aggressively progress carbon pricing plans.

(3) The process the leads to "Scientific Consensus" positions (such as reported by AR5) works using reductionist scientific disciplinary silos and leaves out any uncertain issues when recombining the systemically separate (isolated) disciplinary findings.  Thus it is not surprising that AR5 conveniently addressed the potential collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet with easily ignored footnotes; while recent findings (DeConto & Pollard 2016) indicate that this collapse could begin within a few decades from now, if we continue on a BAU pathway for the next one (assuming a high ECS, a rapid decrease in aerosol emissions and a positive PDO phase) to three decades.

I will save other points for future posts.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 11, 2016, 10:41:50 PM
Also, in the way of addition background from the "Humor" thread to help frame what I mean by Systemic Isolation (ala Milton Friedman neoliberals) vs Cooperation/Empathy for the Common Good (ala Charles Darwin & The Ascent of Man), I offer the two attached images illustrating the Systemic Isolation or "Team Me" approach (first image) vs the Cooperative or "Teamwork" approach (second image).

I note here that I support the school of thought that their is no I, no me, no my, no soul and that psychologically the Systemic Isolation (Team Me) approach is used to support the mental construct of an ego that facilitates "computational kindness" to reduce mental effort and speed time-critical decision making in complex (real-world) situations (or "wicked problems); but which result in cognitive dissonance (and associated suffering) in a constantly changing world.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: LRC1962 on June 11, 2016, 11:06:09 PM
I look forward to another of your interesting and edifying topics.
Quote
it is not surprising that the state elite assign responsibility for state of the art climate modeling like ACME to the US Department of Energy (which has a clearly biased mission to promote energy consumption), or that the POTUS has made the US military a focal point for implementing government climate mitigation efforts.
Although totally unintuitive, these are a  grand example of American politics and division of power at play.
In both of these examples it is the President that is trying to get an understanding of what reality really is and in some instances the efforts of some Presidents to hide the facts. The fact is neither of the houses want to face reality. That leaves the President with a small deck of cards to deal with. Put modelling in the hands of the DOE as the biggest changes needed to take mitigating efforts will fall to them. And it can be argued what is or is not done on the mitigating side of things globally speaking will end up in the hands of generals to fix. Historically country leaders have always fixed great internal problems by going to war and making the one you are going to war against out to be the bad guys.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 11, 2016, 11:32:48 PM
I look forward to another of your interesting and edifying topics.
Quote
it is not surprising that the state elite assign responsibility for state of the art climate modeling like ACME to the US Department of Energy (which has a clearly biased mission to promote energy consumption), ...
Although totally unintuitive, these are a  grand example of American politics and division of power at play.

Also, what may not be obvious to some is that as US Senate appropriations committee has approved over USD $5 billion in funds to study albedo hacking (solar radiation management, SRM); having placed the DOE in control of ACME (Accelerated Climate Model for Energy) makes it relatively easy to combine these two efforts behind a wall of confidentiality (note that albedo hacking is not practicable without access to a state-of-the-art ESM such as ACME).  Further as the DOE controls the US National Labs (which develop nuclear weapons) all of the national security control mechanisms (which are fine examples of Systemic Isolation) are already in place to evaluate the military implications/uses for albedo hacking (SRM) using each new generation of ACME development:

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2016/jun/01/scientists-debate-experimenting-with-climate-hacking-to-prevent-catastrophe (http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2016/jun/01/scientists-debate-experimenting-with-climate-hacking-to-prevent-catastrophe)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: ivica on June 11, 2016, 11:40:24 PM
I like it:

(https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/proxy.php?request=http%3A%2F%2Fforum.arctic-sea-ice.net%2Findex.php%3Faction%3Ddlattach%3Btopic%3D1578.0%3Battach%3D30778%3Bimage&hash=863fc60acbb34fb20b483ba8574f8d34)

Think of it in realm of:

"Nothing in this world is indifferent to us" I'll leave source of it for  you to disover ;)

Induce...
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 12, 2016, 03:20:53 AM
"Nothing in this world is indifferent to us" I'll leave source of it for  you to disover ;)

ivica,

Thank you for some of Pope Francis's words of wisdom, for indeed nothing in this world should be indifferent to us, indicating that we should work systemically to build a sense of cohesion rather than of isolation, if we are to make meaningful progress in the fight on climate change.  However, to work effectively together we all need timely clues/signals about when to start doing one thing and to start doing another.  Certainly the Catholic Church provides one model of getting 1.2 billion people to work together around a common teaching; however, I suspect that due to the "wicked problem" nature of climate change that we will need still more clues and more signal/pattern recognition, which likely will require some/all of the following steps:

(1) Open communication about the climate change reality; including with neoliberal types; and hopefully, better ESM model projections (like those to start in a couple of weeks by ACME) will reduce the uncertainties sufficiently to start meaningful dialog.

(2) Firms like ExxonMobil publically state that revenue neutral carbon pricing is the single best step to take in fighting climate change; but every time that such carbon pricing legislation is tabled they have successfully blocked its passage in Congress; as they know it would force them the keep much of their fossil fuel reserves in the ground.  Without carbon pricing, how can the "invisible hand of the market" effectively guide consumer decisions to include consideration of climate consequences.

(3) While discussing the risks of abrupt climate change can leave individuals bewildered about what they can effectively do; I note that no good disaster should be left unutilized to galvanize the masses for action in the same way the FDR used Pearl Habor to motivate the American people to action during the darkest days of WWII.  Which to my way of thinking is exactly why the IPCC AR5 dumbed down the risk of the WAIS collapse, in an evident effort to prevent the masses from becoming sufficiently galvanized to work together to fight a common (and very real) enemy (see the attached image from the "Humor" thread).

Best,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 12, 2016, 04:17:51 AM
Next, I note that the influential 2007 LSE/Oxford document entitled: "The Wrong Trousers: Radically Re-thinking Climate Policy" studied why the Kyoto Protocol approach was doomed to failure.  This 47-page document accepted the premise that dangerous global warming had already commenced by 2007 and that the planet faces long-term harmful consequences as a result.  The document's authors choose the title to use the wisdom of the Wallace & Gromit animated short, where mechanical trousers that start out as a cool invention but end up kidnapping Wallace, as an apt metaphor for the Kyoto Protocol.

In short the Kyoto Protocol failed because it was too single-mindedly focused on reducing emissions, without either identifying: (a) the real risks of likely climate consequences, thus inhibiting the use of legal action to fight climate change; and (b) the need for policies to keep the fossil fuel in the ground, and once fossil fuel is produced it is virtually impossible to effectively limit emissions by limiting its use by policies (typically to limit one of four areas: (i) population growth, (ii) wealth, (iii) energy intensity and/or (iv) carbon intensity); due to the old adage that: "the road to hell is paved with good intentions" of decision makers.

With this lesson of failed policy in mind, I think it best to avoid the use of either overly simplistic solutions and/or overly narrow themes in fighting the "wicked problem" of climate change.  In this light I concur with Elon Musk that AI should be open sourced so as to both challenge the current state elite as well as the overly indulgent public.  Open sourced AI (and Swarm Intelligence) would be used to complement human efforts, making them more effective; while resulting in an open competition of ideas and concepts that could be applied both locally and globally.  Such open sourcing would prevent the systemic isolation that create "moral hazards" for the power elite (see the following linked article about Google's AI program, that may soon become powerful enough to rock governments in the way the fossil fuel lobbyist currently do).

http://www.techworm.net/2016/06/elon-musk-says-google-one-ai-company-fears.html (http://www.techworm.net/2016/06/elon-musk-says-google-one-ai-company-fears.html)

Extract: "Tesla CEO Elon Musk fears only one AI company and that is Google

...

Elon Musk has said that in order to prevent AI from taking over the human race, The Verge reports that democratizing these artificial intelligences is currently the only solution."

Edit: See also:

https://openai.com/about/ (https://openai.com/about/)

&

http://www.wired.com/2016/04/openai-elon-musk-sam-altman-plan-to-set-artificial-intelligence-free/ (http://www.wired.com/2016/04/openai-elon-musk-sam-altman-plan-to-set-artificial-intelligence-free/)

&

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenAI (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenAI)

Extract: "The group started in early January 2016 with nine researchers. According to Wired, Brockman met with Yoshua Bengio, one of the "founding fathers" of the deep learning movement, and drew up a list of the "best researchers in the field". Microsoft's Peter Lee has stated that the cost of a top AI researcher exceeds the cost of a top NFL quarterback prospect. While OpenAI pays corporate-level (rather than nonprofit-level) salaries, it doesn't currently pay AI researchers the same salaries as those same researchers can make at Facebook or Google. Nevertheless, Sutskever stated that he was willing to leave Google for OpenAI "partly of because of the very strong group of people and, to a very large extent, because of its mission." Brockman stated that "the best thing that I could imagine doing was moving humanity closer to building real AI in a safe way." OpenAI researcher Wojciech Zaremba stated that he turned down "borderline crazy" offers of two to three times his market value to join OpenAI instead."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 12, 2016, 06:01:12 AM
As a follow-on to my last post, I provide the following link to a Nature article that indicates that within two years Google will have a small general-purpose/universal quantum computer available for commercial distribution.  Further I note that quantum computing and AI go together like and hand and glove, so you can expect an explosion of open source AI development sometime after 2018 to 2020:

Philip Ball (June 8 2016), "Google moves closer to a universal quantum computer", Nature, doi:10.1038/nature.2016.20032

http://www.nature.com/news/google-moves-closer-to-a-universal-quantum-computer-1.20032 (http://www.nature.com/news/google-moves-closer-to-a-universal-quantum-computer-1.20032)

Extract: "Combining the best of analog and digital approaches could yield a full-scale multipurpose quantum computer

Computer scientists at Google’s research laboratories in Santa Barbara, California, and physicists at the University of California at Santa Barbara, describe their new device online in Nature1.
“It’s terrific work in many respects, and is filled with valuable lessons for the quantum computing community,” says Daniel Lidar, a quantum-computing expert at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

The Google device is still very much a prototype. But Lidar says that in a couple of years, devices with more than 40 qubits could become a reality.

“At that point,” he says, “it will become possible to simulate quantum dynamics that is inaccessible on classical hardware, which will mark the advent of ‘quantum supremacy’.”

See also for practicing programming for quantum computers see the following linked websites:

Google: http://www.quantumplayground.net (http://www.quantumplayground.net)

Microsoft: http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/research-areas/quantum-computing.aspx (http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/research-areas/quantum-computing.aspx)

IBM: http://www.research.ibm.com/quantum (http://www.research.ibm.com/quantum)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 12, 2016, 08:50:11 PM
When considering both our current and possible future situations with regards to "Systemic Isolation", it is generally a good idea to examine where we came from and with regards to climate change, the first link leads to the thread entitled: "Early Anthropocene" which contains much more extensive information on where we came from w.r.t. the Anthropocene.

http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,852.0.html (http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,852.0.html)

For the purposes of this post, I choose to focus on what I call the: faux "Age of Enlightenment" in Europe (see the second link & associate extract) together with its inter-relationships with both the "Scientific Revolution" in Europe (see the third link) and Europe's "Age of Discovery" (see the fourth link):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Enlightenment (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Enlightenment)

Extract: "The ideas of the Enlightenment undermined the authority of the monarchy and the church, and paved the way for the revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries. A variety of 19th-century movements, including liberalism and neo-classicism, trace their intellectual heritage back to the Enlightenment.

The Age of Enlightenment was preceded by and closely associated with the scientific revolution."
See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_revolution (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_revolution)
&
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Discovery (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Discovery)

In particular, I cite the following linked Lewis & Maslin (2015) reference (& two attached associated images), that discuss one possible gestalt for considering the Anthropocene as having begun in 1610. The first image shows a possible "golden spike" in 1610 of a minimum in atmospheric CO₂ due to the recovery of forests in both Africa and the New World associated with widespread depopulation in these areas associated with the "Age of Discovery", which provided sufficient resources (via exploitation of both local population and resources) for Europe (& successive area of influence) to develop the findings of the "Scientific Revolution" into the "Industrial Revolution" fueled by fossil energy that has led to our current risk of catastrophic climate change.

Lewis, S. L.; Maslin, M. A. (12 March 2015), "Defining the Anthropocene", Nature 519: 171–180. doi:10.1038/nature14258

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v519/n7542/full/nature14258.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v519/n7542/full/nature14258.html)

https://eorder.sheridan.com/3_0/app/orders/4609/article.php#171 (https://eorder.sheridan.com/3_0/app/orders/4609/article.php#171)
&

http://www.iflscience.com/environment/anthropocene-began-species-exchange-between-old-and-new-worlds (http://www.iflscience.com/environment/anthropocene-began-species-exchange-between-old-and-new-worlds)

Extract: "Nonetheless, the collision of the Old and New Worlds is linked to the industrial revolution. Europe’s annexing of the Americas provided major new imports of agricultural commodities, thereby freeing Western European labour from the land – this, alongside coal, was one of two essential precursors to the industrial revolution. So dating the Anthropocene to 1610, some 150 years prior to the beginning of the industrial revolution, is consistent with the material causes of that turning point in human history."

I call this period from roughly 1610 to now a faux "Age of Enlightenment" because state elites (initially European and then elites in subsequent areas of influence) took advantage (Systemically Isolatation characterized by liberal economic and 'Survival of the Fittest" schools of thought) of the situation by exploiting/high-jacking : (a) third world resources, (b) fossil fuels, and (c) Newtonian scientific insights to create a Masters of the World type of thinking that the neo-liberals used to intentionally sustain a BAU mindset since the early 1980's (Reaganomics), when it was painfully obvious that we needed to reduce GHG emissions (e.g. see James Hansen's testimony to the US Congress).  In my next post I plan to discuss that fact that with the current development of both AI and quantum computers we will soon be departing the faux "Age of Enlightenment" (where clarity was achieved at the cost of Systemic Isolation and ignoring a holistic world view) and entering what will call the "Age of Entanglement" (associated with both "wicked problems" like climate change and quantum theory).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 13, 2016, 12:28:55 AM
In this regards, I note that the recent rapid progress in AI development has been achieved (primarily) by the increased use of "machine learning" via deep neutral networks where the computers have essentially been writing their own probabilistic coding of mathematical/data relationships within a "scaffolding" of programming within which the AI operates.  Consequently (as the AI essentially develops its own pattern recognition algorithms), only a hundred, or so, AI programmers (with high math and intuitive logic meta-skills) are needed to create our coming AI (& and associated "Internet of Things") revolution.

Assuming that Elon Musk's OpenAI effort works-out to democratize the AI human interaction, then large groups of humans (even those in the developing world) will be able to "train" the AI within its operating scaffolding (provided by the few geniuses) to better tackle difficult (wicked) real-world problems from high-finance (e.g.: Derivatives & Hedge funds), to smart energy grids, to fleets of self-driving cars, to state-of-the-art ESM (like ACME); and thereby minimizing the damage caused by the use of pre-conditioned (faux "Age of Enlightenment") fake-it-until-you-make-it type of systems (with isolating logic) approach, such as Wallace & Gromit Wrong Trousers approach used by the Kyoto Protocol.

In this vein of thought I conclude by reiterating that AI can work hand-in-glove with quantum computing to tackle wicked problems, as per the following linked article quantum computing can use the principle called entanglement to greatly amplify our computing power (see extract):

http://www.uloop.com/news/view.php/203670/Quantum-Computing-And-How-You-Can-Get-Involved-Now (http://www.uloop.com/news/view.php/203670/Quantum-Computing-And-How-You-Can-Get-Involved-Now)

Extract: "… the basis of quantum computing is to exploit another principle called entanglement. Quantum entanglement is essentially the phenomenon that when atoms interact with each other, they are somehow mysteriously linked to each other with an explanation unknown to modern science.

When you measure the “wave” or the location of one atom, you instantly know the position of the other. However, until you measure the atom, it is theoretically in any position. In other words, you can find the position of one atom through measuring the position of another. By exploiting this, quantum computers can calculate things exponentially fast because once you know one thing, the other is given to you.

With this logic, quantum computing can exploit this as a workaround to search for something, such as information in a database, without looking through each and every entry. Scientists are attempting to use this advantage to speed up the times of search engines such as Google and decryption of secure and encrypted information in a matter of seconds. The potential of quantum computing is massive enough to cause a tremendous change in technology and spike up our computing power."

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 13, 2016, 10:13:15 PM
As a follow-on to my last post, I note that the linked reference discusses: "Quantum concepts such as entanglement, complementarity, uncertainty, and superposition provide a strong basis for recognizing and promoting people as the solution to climate change."  In subsequent posts I plan to pontificate on the topic of quantum social theory and beyond, as a means to face the challenge of catastrophic climate change:

O'Brien, K. L. (2016), "Climate change and social transformations: is it time for a quantum leap?", WIREs Clim Change, doi: 10.1002/wcc.413

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.413/abstract (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.413/abstract)

Abstract: "Climate change is recognized as an urgent societal problem with widespread implications for both natural and human systems, and transforming society at the rate and scale that is mandated by the 2015 Paris Agreement remains a major challenge. Do we need to be open to new paradigms for social change? In this opinion piece, I draw attention to the emerging field of quantum social theory and consider its implications for climate change responses. Quantum social theory considers how concepts, methods and understandings from quantum physics relate to societal issues, and it provides a physically based, holistic perspective on conscious and intentional transformations to sustainability. It is distinct from other social theories in that it raises deep metaphysical and ontological questions about what is really real. I explore the methodological, metaphorical and meaningful significance of quantum social theory for understandings of social change. Quantum concepts such as entanglement, complementarity, uncertainty, and superposition provide a strong basis for recognizing and promoting people as the solution to climate change."

See also:

http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/philosophy/philosophy-social-science/quantum-mind-and-social-science-unifying-physical-and-social-ontology (http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/philosophy/philosophy-social-science/quantum-mind-and-social-science-unifying-physical-and-social-ontology)

Description: "There is an underlying assumption in the social sciences that consciousness and social life are ultimately classical physical/material phenomena. In this ground-breaking book, Alexander Wendt challenges this assumption by proposing that consciousness is, in fact, a macroscopic quantum mechanical phenomenon. In the first half of the book, Wendt justifies the insertion of quantum theory into social scientific debates, introduces social scientists to quantum theory and the philosophical controversy about its interpretation, and then defends the quantum consciousness hypothesis against the orthodox, classical approach to the mind-body problem. In the second half, he develops the implications of this metaphysical perspective for the nature of language and the agent-structure problem in social ontology. Wendt's argument is a revolutionary development which raises fundamental questions about the nature of social life and the work of those who study it."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: johnm33 on June 14, 2016, 01:52:54 AM
" consciousness is, in fact, a macroscopic quantum mechanical phenomenon" check out chapter 9, page 102 of the pdf, 89 of the script.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 15, 2016, 10:31:52 AM
Just to start with the more obvious implications of advanced computing in our “Age of Entanglement” I note that not only is advanced computing being used for AI development but that all of the modern international financial markets are highly tied to solving advanced algorithms as discussed in the following linked articles:


http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35886456 (http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35886456)

Extract: “Goldman Sachs, RBS, Guggenheim Partners and Commonwealth Bank of Australia have all invested in quantum computing, with the aim of stealing a march on their competitors.
"This is interesting to the financial world because if you can find an algorithmic advantage to solve a problem, that can give you a great competitive advantage,"




D-Wave's Mr Williams reckons businesses will have access to quantum computing functionality by 2018, ...”


To give an idea of the type of complexity of the algorithms that these quantum computers are needed to solve I provide the following like to a job advice website to PhD's in such advanced areas as Pure Mathematics, String Theory, Quantum Field Theory, etc. who are seeking employment with Hedge Funds, Derivatives, Banks etc.

https://www.quantstart.com/articles/How-To-Get-A-Quant-Job-Once-You-Have-A-PhD (https://www.quantstart.com/articles/How-To-Get-A-Quant-Job-Once-You-Have-A-PhD)


Extract: “I want to discuss specific PhD fields as well, to give you an idea of where you might consider focusing your efforts based on what you have previously studied:

Pure Mathematics - The top funds generally hire the pure mathematicians from esoteric realms such as algebraic geometry and information theory. Banks will also take individuals who study stochastic calculus to a high level for their derivatives research teams.

Mathematical Finance - Portfolio optimisation and derivatives pricing are two common themes studied in mathematical finance PhDs. You will often have collaborated with banks during your PhD, so it is unlikely your job prospects will be slim! If you are struggling, it can be very helpful to contact department heads as they will often have a strong network.

Theoretical Physics - Funds will be very interested in your ability to model physical phenomena, either through direct or statistical approaches. Some theoretical physics areas are highly mathematical (Cosmology, String Theory, Quantum Field Theory etc) and so the advice given to theoretical physics PhDs is similar to pure mathematicians.”

Edit: And just imagine how errors/limitations in such algorithms can lead to financial Black Swan events like the 2007-08 financial collapse that caught financial regulators by surprise; which is but one example of the risks of Systemic Isolation.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 15, 2016, 07:54:22 PM
As a follow-on to my last post (& with a hat-tip to sidd), I provide the following reference (I note that Murray Gell-Mann is a leading expert in quantum physics and string theory) that could be used to best address climate change issues including:  risk, insurance, revenue neutral carbon pricing, and other topics.  This reference makes it very clear that most humans (even most experts) have a very weak intuitive understanding of their own ignorance (which results in a poor understanding of gambles/risk, due to Systemic Isolation).

Ole Peters and Murray Gell-Mann (Feb. 2, 2016), "Evaluating gambles using dynamics," Chaos, DOI: 10.1063/1.4940236

http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/chaos/26/2/10.1063/1.4940236 (http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/chaos/26/2/10.1063/1.4940236)

Abstract: "Gambles are random variables that model possible changes in wealth. Classic decision theory transforms money into utility through a utility function and defines the value of a gamble as the expectation value of utility changes. Utility functions aim to capture individual psychological characteristics, but their generality limits predictive power. Expectation value maximizers are defined as rational in economics, but expectation values are only meaningful in the presence of ensembles or in systems with ergodic properties, whereas decision-makers have no access to ensembles, and the variables representing wealth in the usual growth models do not have the relevant ergodic properties. Simultaneously addressing the shortcomings of utility and those of expectations, we propose to evaluate gambles by averaging wealth growth over time. No utility function is needed, but a dynamic must be specified to compute time averages. Linear and logarithmic “utility functions” appear as transformations that generate ergodic observables for purely additive and purely multiplicative dynamics, respectively. We highlight inconsistencies throughout the development of decision theory, whose correction clarifies that our perspective is legitimate. These invalidate a commonly cited argument for bounded utility functions."


Also see:
http://www.newswise.com/articles/exploring-gambles-reveals-foundational-difficulty-behind-economic-theory-and-a-solution (http://www.newswise.com/articles/exploring-gambles-reveals-foundational-difficulty-behind-economic-theory-and-a-solution)

Extract: " In the wake of the financial crisis, many started questioning different aspects of the economic formalism.
This included Ole Peters, a Fellow at the London Mathematical Laboratory in the U.K., as well as an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico, and Murray Gell-Mann, a physicist who was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his contributions to the theory of elementary particles by introducing quarks, and is now a Distinguished Fellow at the Santa Fe Institute. They found it particularly curious that a field so central to how we live together as a society seems so unsure about so many of its key questions.

So they asked: Might there be a foundational difficulty underlying our current economic theory? Is there some hidden assumption, possibly hundreds of years old, behind not one but many of the current scientific problems in economic theory? Such a foundational problem could have far-reaching practical consequences because economic theory informs economic policy.

As they report in the journal Chaos, from AIP Publishing, the story that emerged is a fascinating example of scientific history, of how human understanding evolves, gets stuck, gets unstuck, branches, and so on.



The key concepts of time and randomness are at the heart of their work. "Questions of an economic nature stood at the beginning of formal thinking about randomness in the 17th century," he explained. "These are all relatively young concepts -- there's nothing in Euclid about probability theory." Think of it simply in terms of: Should I bet money in a game of dice? How much should I pay for an insurance contract? What would be a fair price for a life annuity?
"All of these questions have something to do with randomness, and the way to deal with them in the 17th century was to imagine parallel worlds representing everything that could happen," Gell-Mann said. "To assess the value of some uncertain venture, an average is taken across those parallel worlds."

This concept was only challenged in the mid-19th century when randomness was used formally in a different context -- physics. "Here, the following perspective arose: to assess some uncertain venture, ask yourself how it will affect you in one world only -- namely the one in which you live -- across time," Gell-Mann continued.

"The first perspective -- considering all parallel worlds -- is the one adopted by mainstream economics," explained Gell-Mann. "The second perspective -- what happens in our world across time -- is the one we explore and that hasn't been fully appreciated in economics so far."
The real impact of this second perspective comes from acknowledging the omission of the key concept of time from previous treatments. "We have some 350 years of economic theory involving randomness in one way only -- by considering parallel worlds," said Peters. "What happens when we switch perspectives is astonishing. Many of the open key problems in economic theory have an elegant solution within our framework."

In terms of applications for their work, its key concept can be used "to derive an entire economic formalism," said Peters. In their article, Peters and Gell-Mann explore the evaluation of a gamble. For example, is this gamble better than that gamble? This is the fundamental problem in economics. And from a conceptually different solution there follows a complete new formalism.
They put it to the test after their friend Ken Arrow -- an economist who was the joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with John Hicks in 1972 -- suggested applying the technique to insurance contracts. "Does our perspective predict or explain the existence of a large insurance market? It does -- unlike general competitive equilibrium theory, which is the current dominant formalism," Peters said.

And so a different meaning of risk emerges -- taking too much risk is not only psychologically uncomfortable but also leads to real dollar losses. "Good risk management really drives performance over time," Peters added. "This is important in the current rethinking of risk controls and financial market infrastructure."

This concept reaches far beyond this realm and into all major branches of economics. "It turns out that the difference between how individual wealth behaves across parallel worlds and how it behaves over time quantifies how wealth inequality changes," explained Peters. "It also enables refining the notion of efficient markets and solving the equity premium puzzle."

One historically important application is the solution of the 303-year-old St. Petersburg paradox, which involves a gamble played by flipping a coin until it comes up tails and the total number of flips, n, determines the prize, which equals $2 to the nth power. "The expected prize diverges -- it doesn't exist," Peters elaborated. "This gamble, suggested by Nicholas Bernoulli, can be viewed as the first rebellion against the dominance of the expectation value -- that average across parallel worlds -- that was established in the second half of the 17th century."

What's the next step for their work? "We're very keen to develop fully the implications for welfare economics and questions of economic inequality. This is a sensitive subject that needs to be dealt with carefully, including empirical work," noted Peters. "Much is being done behind the scenes -- since this is a conceptually different way of doing things, communication is a challenge, and our work has been difficult to publish in mainstream economics journals."

Their results described in Chaos are easily generalized, which is necessary to reinterpret the full formalism. But it "may not add very much in practical terms, and it gets a little technical." So that's a future "to-do item" for Peters and Gell-Mann.

"Our Chaos paper is a recipe for approaching a wide range of problems," said Peters. "So we're now going through the entire formalism with our collaborators to see where else our perspective is useful.""

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on June 15, 2016, 09:29:46 PM
That Gell-Mann paper is, as usual, very good.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 15, 2016, 10:26:20 PM
If you are feeling depressed about recent climate change findings, then Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, MBCT, might be just the ticket (of course MBCT is helpful for other psychological issues associated with Systemic Isolation):

Willem Kuyken et al. Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy in Prevention of Depressive Relapse: An Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis from Randomized Trials. JAMA Psychiatry, April 27, 2016 DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0076

http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2517515 (http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2517515)

"Importance  Relapse prevention in recurrent depression is a significant public health problem, and antidepressants are the current first-line treatment approach. Identifying an equally efficacious nonpharmacological intervention would be an important development.

Objective  To conduct a meta-analysis on individual patient data to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) compared with usual care and other active treatments, including antidepressants, in treating those with recurrent depression.

Data Sources  English-language studies published or accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journals identified from EMBASE, PubMed/Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register from the first available year to November 22, 2014. Searches were conducted from November 2010 to November 2014.

Study Selection  Randomized trials of manualized MBCT for relapse prevention in recurrent depression in full or partial remission that compared MBCT with at least 1 non-MBCT treatment, including usual care.

Data Extraction and Synthesis  This was an update to a previous meta-analysis. We screened 2555 new records after removing duplicates. Abstracts were screened for full-text extraction (S.S.) and checked by another researcher (T.D.). There were no disagreements. Of the original 2555 studies, 766 were evaluated against full study inclusion criteria, and we acquired full text for 8. Of these, 4 studies were excluded, and the remaining 4 were combined with the 6 studies identified from the previous meta-analysis, yielding 10 studies for qualitative synthesis. Full patient data were not available for 1 of these studies, resulting in 9 studies with individual patient data, which were included in the quantitative synthesis.

Results  Of the 1258 patients included, the mean (SD) age was 47.1 (11.9) years, and 944 (75.0%) were female. A 2-stage random effects approach showed that patients receiving MBCT had a reduced risk of depressive relapse within a 60-week follow-up period compared with those who did not receive MBCT (hazard ratio, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.58-0.82). Furthermore, comparisons with active treatments suggest a reduced risk of depressive relapse within a 60-week follow-up period (hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.64-0.97). Using a 1-stage approach, sociodemographic (ie, age, sex, education, and relationship status) and psychiatric (ie, age at onset and number of previous episodes of depression) variables showed no statistically significant interaction with MBCT treatment. However, there was some evidence to suggest that a greater severity of depressive symptoms prior to treatment was associated with a larger effect of MBCT compared with other treatments.

Conclusions and Relevance  Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy appears efficacious as a treatment for relapse prevention for those with recurrent depression, particularly those with more pronounced residual symptoms. Recommendations are made concerning how future trials can address remaining uncertainties and improve the rigor of the field."

See also:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160427150316.htm (https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160427150316.htm)
&
http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160510/Mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-more-beneficial-without-antidepressant-drugs.aspx (http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160510/Mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-more-beneficial-without-antidepressant-drugs.aspx)

For more background on MBCT see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindfulness-based_cognitive_therapy (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindfulness-based_cognitive_therapy)

Extract: "Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a psychological therapy designed to aid in preventing the relapse of depression, specifically in individuals with Major depressive disorder (MDD). It uses traditional Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) methods and adds in newer psychological strategies such as mindfulness and mindfulness meditation. Cognitive methods can include educating the participant about depression. Mindfulness and mindfulness meditation, focus on becoming aware of all incoming thoughts and feelings and accepting them, but not attaching or reacting to them. Like CBT, MBCT functions on the theory that when individuals who have historically had depression become distressed, they return to automatic cognitive processes that can trigger a depressive episode. The goal of MBCT is to interrupt these automatic processes and teach the participants to focus less on reacting to incoming stimuli, and instead accepting and observing them without judgment. This mindfulness practice allows the participant to notice when automatic processes are occurring and to alter their reaction to be more of a reflection.
Beyond its use in reducing depressive acuity, research additionally supports the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation upon reducing cravings for substances that people are addicted to. Addiction is known to involve the weakening of the prefrontal cortex that ordinarily allows for delaying of immediate gratification for longer term benefits by the limbic and paralimbic brain regions. Mindfulness meditation of smokers over a two-week period totaling 5 hours of meditation decreased smoking by about 60% and reduced their cravings, even for those smokers in the experiment who had no prior intentions to quit. Neuroimaging of those who practice mindfulness meditation has been shown to increase activity in the prefrontal cortex, a sign of greater self-control."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 15, 2016, 10:33:20 PM
As a follow-on to my last post, Vipassana is an eminently practical form of mindfulness meditation that can help people over-come systemic isolation by means of their own efforts rather than from received dogma:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipassan%C4%81 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vipassan%C4%81)

Extract: "Vipassanā (Pāli) or vipaśyanā … in the Buddhist tradition means insight into the true nature of reality, namely as the Three marks of existence: impermanence, suffering or unsatisfactoriness, and the realisation of non-self.

Vipassanā-meditation is an ancient practice taught by Buddhas, reintroduced by Ledi Sayadaw and Mogok Sayadaw and popularized by Mahasi Sayadaw, S. N. Goenka and the Vipassana movement, in which mindfulness of breathing and of thoughts, feelings and actions are being used to gain insight in the true nature of reality. Due to the popularity of Vipassanā-meditation, the mindfulness of breathing has gained further popularity in the west as mindfulness.



Contemporary Theravada orthodoxy regards samatha as a preparation for vipassanā, pacifying the mind and strengthening the concentration in order to allow the work of insight, which leads to liberation. In contrast, the Vipassana Movement argues that insight levels can be discerned without the need for developing samatha further due to the risks of going out of course when strong samatha is developed.



Vipassanā can be cultivated by the practice that includes contemplation, introspection and observation of bodily sensations, analytic meditation and observations on life experiences like death and decomposition. The practices may differ in the modern Buddhist traditions and non-sectarian groups according to the founder but the main objective is to develop insight.



In the Vipassanā Movement, the emphasis is on the Satipatthana Sutta and the use of mindfulness to gain insight into the impermanence of the self-view."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: ivica on June 15, 2016, 10:42:56 PM
I'll Survive Everything (Sve ću preživit) (http://youtu.be/50SZp6XsWcY)
Lyrics (http://lyricstranslate.com/en/sve-%C4%87u-pre%C5%BEivit-ill-survive-everything.html).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 16, 2016, 12:37:05 AM
As my last post mentions the Satipatthana Sutta, I provide the following link and extract:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satipatthana_Sutta (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satipatthana_Sutta)

Extract: "In this sutta, the Buddha identifies four references for establishing mindfulness (satipatthana): body, sensations (or feelings), mind (or consciousness) and mental contents.

These are then further broken down into the following sections and subsections:

1.   Body (Kāyā)
o   Breathing (also see the Anapanasati Sutta)
o   Postures (Walking, Standing, Sitting, Lying Down)
o   Clear Comprehending
o   Reflections on Repulsiveness of the Body
o   Reflections on Material Elements
o   Cemetery Contemplations

2.   Sensations/Feelings (Vedanā)
o   pleasant or unpleasant or neither-pleasant-nor-unpleasant (neutral) feelings
o   worldly or spiritual feelings

3.   Mind/Consciousness (Cittā)
o   lust (sarāgaṃ) or without lust (vītarāgaṃ)
o   hate (sadosaṃ) or without hate (vītadosaṃ)
o   delusion (samohaṃ) or without delusion (vītamohaṃ)
o   contracted (saṅkhittaṃ) or scattered (vikkhittaṃ)
o   lofty (mahaggataṃ) or not lofty (amahaggataṃ)
o   surpassable (sa-uttaraṃ) or unsurpassed (anuttaraṃ)
o   quieted (samāhitaṃ) or not quieted (asamāhitaṃ)
o   released (vimuttaṃ) or not released (avimuttaṃ)

4.   Mental Contents (Dhammā)
o   The Hindrances
o   The Aggregates of Clinging
o   The Sense-Bases and their Fetters
o   The Factors of Enlightenment
o   The Four Noble Truths

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 16, 2016, 02:14:52 AM
Since this is in the "Open Threads" folder, and as I just mentioned that Vipassana mindfulness meditation was taught by the Buddha, I thought that I would note that it is commonly thought that next bodhisattva would be born 5,000 years after the Buddha's decease [see the first link for Metteyya (in Pali or Maitreya in Sanskrit)]:

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Metteyya (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Metteyya)

   Extract: "Maitreya - the Bodhisattva who is to appear as a Buddha 5000 years after the death of Gautama"

Further the 5,000 year period cited above is commonly calculated as the sum of the five 1,000 year periods described by the Buddha (in the Pali Canon) as to what will happen after his parinibbaana (or death), as follows:

"After my decease first will be the decline and ending of my teachings. This will happen in five stages as follows:

1. The disappearance of the attainments
2. The disappearance of the method
3. The disappearance of the learning
4. The disappearance of the symbols
5. The disappearance of the relics."

Further, the Buddha said that after His parinibbaana, only for 1,000 years will the monks be able to acquire the analytical knowledge (Patisambhida), or what we know as Arahanthship or deep knowledge. Then, as time goes on, they will only be able to attain Anaagami (Never return). And then only Sakadagami (Once return), and finally, only Sotapanna (Stream enterer). With the death of the last disciple who has attained Sotapanna, the attainments will disappear.

However, several years after the Buddha made the previous statement about the timing of how his teaching would decline, he allowed women to join the monkhood, and (per the Pali Canon) he told his cousin Ananda the following:

“If, Ananda, women had not retired from the household life to the houseless one, under the doctrine and discipline announced by the Tathagata, Dharma Ananda would long endure; a thousand years would the good Dharma abide.  But since, Ananda, women have now retired from the household life to the houseless one, under the doctrine and the discipline announced by the Tathagata, not long Ananda, will Dharma endure; but five hundred years Ananda, until the Dharma abide” (Vinya Pitaka II. 253 ff).

This second statement likely changes the period from the Buddha's parinibbaana until Metteyya's birth from five times 1,000-years to five times 500-years.  And as a majority of twentieth-century historians date the Buddha's lifetime from 563 B.C.E. to 483 B.C.E., this might (or might not) indicate the following timeline:

1. The disappearance of the attainments: 483 BCE to 17AD, with end of Patisambhida (or end of deep knowledge).  E.g.: Jesus

2. The disappearance of the method: 17AD to 517AD, with end of Anaagami (Never return).  E.g.: Ashin Buddhaghosa 370AD to 450AB

3. The disappearance of the learning: 517AD to 1017AD, with end of Skadagami (Once return).  E.g.: Mohammed

4. The disappearance of the symbols: 1017AD to 1517AD, with end of Sotapanna (Stream enterers). E.g.: Tao

5. The disappearance of the relics: 1517AD to 2017AD, E.g.: birth of Metteyya


Edit: Just for fun (& only for fun) I note that per the linked wikipedia site Isaac Newton estimated that Jesus might have died on April 3 33AD at an age of about 33-years old

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Jesus#Newton.27s_method (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Jesus#Newton.27s_method)

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton)

&

Title: "Religious views of Isaac Newton"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_views_of_Isaac_Newton (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religious_views_of_Isaac_Newton)

Extract: “Over the years, a large amount of media attention and public interest has circulated regarding largely unknown and unpublished documents, evidently written by Isaac Newton, that indicate he believed the world could end in 2060.

Newton's calculation ending in 2060 is based on the 1,260-year timeline commencing in 800 AD when Charlemagne became the first Holy Roman Emperor and reconfirmed the earlier (756 AD) Donation of Pepin to the Papacy.

Despite the dramatic nature of a prediction of the end of the world, Newton may not have been referring to the 2060 date as a destructive act resulting in the annihilation of the earth and its inhabitants, but rather one in which he believed the world was to be replaced with a new one based upon a transition to an era of divinely inspired peace.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 18, 2016, 07:38:17 PM
The linked article discusses how if key state attorneys general offices issue guidance on how investment trustees should address the risks to investors of global efforts to keep fossil fuels in the ground, then the floodgates of divestment could be opened wide (otherwise the investment trustees could be subject to litigation just like ExxonMobil).  This would effective put a top to investors externalizing their risk on others (which is a "moral hazard" associated with "othering"); which would work to reduce Systemic Isolation:

http://insideclimatenews.org/news/07062016/retired-lawyer-boris-longstreth-floodgates-divestment-fossil-fuels-climate-change-investments?utm_source=Inside+Climate+News&utm_campaign=9878c9af46-Weekly_Newsletter_Week_of_4_114_15_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_29c928ffb5-9878c9af46-326462105 (http://insideclimatenews.org/news/07062016/retired-lawyer-boris-longstreth-floodgates-divestment-fossil-fuels-climate-change-investments?utm_source=Inside+Climate+News&utm_campaign=9878c9af46-Weekly_Newsletter_Week_of_4_114_15_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_29c928ffb5-9878c9af46-326462105)

Extract: "With the world heading toward zero carbon emissions after the signing of the Paris agreement, Longstreth thinks it's time for some fresh guidance.
To that end, he's working channels to convince various attorneys general to spell out those risks in an "interpretive release," and offer guidance on how to handle them. He thinks the attorneys general of New York, Massachusetts and California will be most receptive to his proposal.
If the guidance is published, Longstreth says, it could open floodgates of divestment from coal, oil and gas companies. That's because, as he explains in the extensive interview below, it can't be ignored.
Every state in the union (except Pennsylvania and the territory of Puerto Rico) has its own version of the uniform law governing investments by trustees, known by the acronym UPMIFA. And each attorney general has power to issue guidance on how to exercise prudence under that uniform law.
The question remains whether any attorney general would offer guidance singling out a particular asset class."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 18, 2016, 08:21:01 PM
The linked Global Research article by Asoka Bandarage, Ph.D. [author of Sustainability and Well-Being: The Middle Path to Environment, Society and the Economy (Palgrave MacMillan, 2013)], entitled: "Climate, Consciousness and Social Change", effectively conveys many of the points that I am trying to make in this thread on the need to overcome Systemic Isolationist thinking in human consciousness and behavior (which I suggest could benefit by the application of mindfulness meditation):

http://www.globalresearch.ca/climate-consciousness-and-social-change/5530615 (http://www.globalresearch.ca/climate-consciousness-and-social-change/5530615)


Extract: "The capitalist system has brought forth tremendous advances in material development but without balanced human inner development. When corporate profit prevails over social, environmental and ethical criteria, production and marketing of goods and services with negative use values become common. Thus, defense has become the biggest sector of the global economy and fossil fuel extraction continues despite overwhelming evidence of its harm to life on the planet. Even when solutions are sought to problems created by market expansion, economic growth and the profit motive prevail as evident from the trade in carbon pollution poised to become a highly profitable financial sector.

The modern economy disrupts and dissects the natural integration of planetary life seeking instead to reintegrate, recreate and control human society and the environment through modern science, technology, and the market. The extension of this approach is clearly evident in current technological and market developments to redesign life and to create, what some scientists call a ‘post-nature’, ‘post-human’ world.
Genetic modification is projected to become the norm as more and more bioengineered transgenic fruits, vegetables, trees, and animals are released into the environment. According to some scientists, in 50 years there could be more lab-created forms of plant and animal life on the planet than those identified in nature. Is this, then, the technological and market based solution to species extinction resulting from climate change, deforestation and other human induced changes to the environment?  Likewise, as earth-based indigenous people and communities in low lying coastal areas are extinguished from the face of the Earth, genetic engineering, robotics, artificial intelligence and other new types of cognitive tools are being utilized by some scientists to design a new human species increasingly merged with technologyand more and more divorced from nature.
As the environment and humanity become mere resources and appendages of technology and the economy, we face an existential crisis of what it means to be human in nature. The visions of technological domination over nature fail to recognize that if the climate is not stabilized, we will unleash long term planetary forces far beyond our capacity to control. Human induced natural forces, such as droughts, wildfires and floods will once again come to dominate and radically curtail our activities, as they appear to be doing already. As Karl Polyani warned in The Great Transformation: “ To allow the market mechanism to be the sole director of the fate of human beings and their natural environment…would result in the demolition of society.”
The contemporary global crisis, however, is more than a crisis of capitalism, a competition between capitalism and socialism, or a clash between modernity and tradition. Our challenge today is not merely political, but human and ecological—how we see and conduct ourselves personally and collectively toward both the environment and each other.
Technology and the market per se are not the problems. It is the underlying consciousness and the intention that determine their advancement. Is the motivation, profit for a few or the sustainability and well-being of all? At the root of the crisis we face is the disjuncture between the exponential growth of the profit-driven economy and the lack of an equivalent development in human consciousness, ethics and morality, compassion, generosity and wisdom.

Today, “ego consciousness” and its ethics of individualism, domination, and competition is the driving force at the personal level as well as at the societal levels of nations, ethno-religious groups, and in how humans relate toward other animal and life forms.  This myopic consciousness is leading to massive destruction of the environment, widening economic disparities and social conflicts. The alternative to ego consciousness, rooted in the psychology of fear and ‘self vs. other’ mentality, is a universal consciousness grounded in the truth of unity within diversity. This higher consciousness sees the other as an extension of the self and the well-being of the self and the other as inherently interdependent. It contributes to an ethic of partnership.
The challenge today is not to tear apart the dominant social and economic system through left or right political extremism but to shift to an ethical, balanced and sustainable path that upholds genuine climate protection, environmental sustainability, social justice and democracy. We need to shift to a path of socio-economic development grounded on compassion, courage and generosity instead of fear, anger and hatred. The dominant egoistic consciousness overlooks the capacity of the human mind for conscious transformation."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 19, 2016, 07:21:30 PM
I opened this thread on Systemic Isolation, with references to "The Matrix", as illustrated by the first attached image of Cypher proclaiming that "Ignorance is bliss!" 

In this regards, in the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread (see the first link), I noted "… that in addition to increased education and open sourcing of AI code, I believe that the increased use of mindfulness meditation is perhaps the single best defense against the potential ill effects of AI." 

http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1308.150.html#lastPost (http://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1308.150.html#lastPost)

Also, I noted that:
"To help you adapt quickly enough to meet the challenges of both the Anthropocene and the technological singularity, there is now a Singularity University online covering technology, science, health and future impacts with linked articles "

http://singularityu.org/overview/ (http://singularityu.org/overview/)

See also:
http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/17/long-promised-artificial-intelligence-is-looming-and-its-going-to-be-amazing/ (http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/17/long-promised-artificial-intelligence-is-looming-and-its-going-to-be-amazing/)

&

http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/14/what-happens-if-society-is-too-slow-to-absorb-technological-change/?utm_source=Trending&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=content%20access (http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/14/what-happens-if-society-is-too-slow-to-absorb-technological-change/?utm_source=Trending&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=content%20access)
&

http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/18/this-weeks-awesome-stories-from-around-the-web-through-june-18th/?utm_source=Latest&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=content%20access (http://singularityhub.com/2016/06/18/this-weeks-awesome-stories-from-around-the-web-through-june-18th/?utm_source=Latest&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=content%20access)

The next two linked articles provide yet another example of the pace at which we are moving towards a "Matrix" like experience (as an extension beyond the materialistic socio-economic system that most of us are already addicted to (and habituated to) as illustrated by the Cypher analogy in the first image).  Here Zuckerberg notes that Facebook is working technology to facilitate people interfacing with computers (and the associated Internet of Things) using thoughts

http://www.inc.com/kevin-j-ryan/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-communicating-by-telepathy.html (http://www.inc.com/kevin-j-ryan/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-communicating-by-telepathy.html)

Extract: "Welcome to the mind of Mark Zuckerberg. Speaking via video Tuesday on Facebook Live, the founder said he thinks telepathy is the future of communication--and, presumably, of his own company.

"You're going to just be able to capture a thought," Zuckerberg said, "what you're thinking or feeling in kind of its ideal and perfect form in your head, and be able to share that with the world in a format where they can get that."

Facebook has upped its involvement in futuristic technology recently. Earlier this month, the company announced the creation of Deep Text, an artificial intelligence system that will be able to read people's messages and understand the meaning behind them. The company's Oculus Rift virtual reality headsets began shipping in March, weeks after a photo of a smiling Zuckerberg strode through a crowd of headset-wearing audience members at a VR conference in Barcelona. (The image prompted critics to describe the scene as something out of The Matrix or as the vision of a future "dystopian overlord.")"

https://thehackednews.com/2016/06/mark-zuckerberg-says-well-living-matrix-another-50-years/ (https://thehackednews.com/2016/06/mark-zuckerberg-says-well-living-matrix-another-50-years/)

Extract: "Mark says that life will become like ‘The Matrix’; that isn’t appealing news for anyone sane. He also revealed that scientific research is already happening to shape this idea into reality. Scientists have found a way to remove the memory of solving a maze from one rodent’s head and planting it into another’s.

Zuckerberg talked of another University experiment where your thoughts can be interpreted by carrying out an MRI scan. He wants the human mind to become an open book and believes it will be achieved within 50 years; fortunately that’s a long time from now!"

However, Zuckerberg's estimate that such technology will be achieve in 50 years likely errs on the side of least drama, as both Ray Kurzweil and Elon Musk are working on "neural lace" (see the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread) or DNA based nanotechnology that can be injected into the bloodstream to wirelessly connect the brain to computers.

The next link linked article suggests that the use of blockchain technology (see the Wikipedia link after the bitcoinist article link) when combined with AI/machine learning and quantum computing, will likely accelerate our trend towards a "Matrix-like state", while the article also notes Elon Musk believes that we may already be living in such a "Matrix-like" universe. 

http://bitcoinist.net/blockchain-as-the-matrix/ (http://bitcoinist.net/blockchain-as-the-matrix/)

Extract: "Our world is trending towards a Matrix-like state, and blockchains are acting as a lubricant fuel down an admittedly slippery slope. The internet of things, RFID tags, robotics, augmented reality gaming, and increasingly smooth integration into smart-phone applications will increase our collective reliance on blockchain technology as a backbone storage layer for the internet. Advancement here is accelerating, as projects such as Ethereum, TheDAO, Hyperledger, Ripple, Steemit, and Synereo all demonstrate the growing set of offerings in the blockchain buffet.

Through automating data storage and building within this programmatic infrastructure, we are creating a functional, immensely computationally powerful, decision making platform and digital toolkit for automating nearly any other traditional job function, decision or management procedure that required tracking data, from logistics to accounting to email and social media oversight. As blockchain is combined with artificial intelligence, machine learning, and potentially even quantum computing, it becomes gradually clear that Blockchain truly could be an ancient version of Skynet.

“Arguably we should hope that that’s true, because if civilization stops advancing, that may be due to some calamitous event that erases civilization,” Musk said. “So maybe we should be hopeful this is a simulation, because otherwise we are going to create simulations indistinguishable from reality or civilization ceases to exist. We’re unlikely to go into some multimillion-year stasis,” Mr. Musk remarked."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_chain_(database) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block_chain_(database))

Extract: "A blockchain—originally, block chain—is a distributed database that maintains a continuously-growing list of data records hardened against tampering and revision. It consists of data structure blocks—which hold exclusively data in initial blockchain implementations, and both data and programs in some of the more recent implementations—with each block holding batches of individual transactions and the results of any blockchain executables. Each block contains a timestamp and information linking it to a previous block."

In the Adapting to the Anthropocene I have previously discussed what I called the Holoberg Interpretation (as contracted to the Copenhagen Interpretation, or the Many Worlds Interpretation, of Quantum Field Theory) of a holographic universe that has blockchain like characteristics (in that information is distributed through-out the system), and in which time, space, matter and energy are all "constructs" of individual points of  interconnected "freewill" forming a Matrix-like universe that one can become one (i.e. Nibanna/Nirvana ) with by eliminating the "Systemic Isolation" of pre-conditioned constructs via mindfulness meditation.

It is my personal opinion that the great majority of people (including people like Mark Zuckerberg, Elon Musk, Ray Kurzweil, Larry Page, etc.) misinterpret most of the underlying messages of "The Matrix" as illustrated by the second attached image of the Oracle stating: "We can never see past the choices that we don't understand" and the third image where she says to Neo: "You didn't come here to make the choice.  You've already made it.  You're here to try to understand why you made it."  Also, I provide the fourth image where Morpheus says to Neo: "Sooner or later you're gonna realize, just like I did… There's a difference between knowing the path and walking the path."

This is why I have previously provided information about mindfulness meditation and about Metteyya, as the current human mind (either with, or without, technological enhancement), can see past the pre-conditioned constructs of the holographic universe, to become liberated from "Systemic Isolation".
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Laurent on June 19, 2016, 07:31:12 PM
.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: TerryM on June 20, 2016, 01:12:00 AM
"You're going to just be able to capture a thought," Zuckerberg said, "what you're thinking or feeling in kind of its ideal and perfect form in your head, and be able to share that with the world in a format where they can get that."


"We're going to just be able to capture your thoughts." Zuckerberg thought, "what you're thinking or feeling in kind of it's ideal and perfect form in your head, and we'll be able to sell that to other world leaders in a format where they can get at it."

(The above was a "Thought Capture" tm, brought to you by Know Thy Neighbor, a subsidiary of All things Bright and Beautiful, not associated with Big Brother's Goons are Good Inc..)



Stylish tin foil bonnets for the ladies, Faraday cage helmets for gents & perhaps a continuous barrage of small EMP producing nuclear explosions over Washington to shield all from the innermost thoughts of our fearless leaders.


Seriously, this is one of the scariest, dystopian futures imaginable. I would prefer the loss of all the advantages that electronics has brought, to having my thoughts captured, broadcast, and undoubtedly filed away by TPTB.


I'm convinced that civilization is teetering on the edge at present, and if the future of our civilization holds the possibility of 'thought capture'  (Zuckerberg's term), perhaps we shouldn't miss it's passing. What's the value of 5,000 years of plodding advancement, if it culminates in the enslavement of everyone.


Orwell would be horrified!
Terry
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 20, 2016, 02:02:24 AM
As it is Father's Day in the USA, and as I seem to have managed to disturb a few readers, I provide now a link to Andrew Chignell (an associate professor of philosophy at Cornell University) 2015 article entitled: "Expectation and Hope in the Anthropocene".  This article presents birth and the associated coming generations as providing hope in face of the dystopian narratives of the Anthropocene that I have been referencing


http://faith.yale.edu/sites/default/files/expectation_and_hope_0.pdf (http://faith.yale.edu/sites/default/files/expectation_and_hope_0.pdf)


Extract: "In the dystopian narratives of the Anthropocene, the human being is replaced by "homo consumens, that other-than-human assemblage of humans, technology, fossil fuels, and capitalist relations.”



Buck joins some of her colleagues in expecting the Anthropocene to end badly via some
combination of economic and environmental collapse.


If the Anthropocene were not an anthology of scary tales, drawn from an awkward bricolage of science and preternatural fears, what else could it be?

The question turns us away from the usual expectations regarding the “rapacious antagonist of
the horror stories who has shaped environments in a variety of ways throughout history.”  It is
also meant to evoke hope for a less likely but still possible future in which “human traits like
tending, altruism, creativity, art and craftsmanship, and cooperation reclaim their status as
basic human nature.”



In sum: by denying expectation in order to leave room for hope (i.e. by not conflating the two),
we honor the reasonable, liturgical, and genuinely religious form of life that is still available to
those who aren’t able, for whatever reason, to be true believers.  We also highlight some
intriguing cross-disciplinary directions for future philosophical research. "

Edit: I note that in the Holoberg Interpretation, where time is a pre-conditioned construct, future generations are merely re-configurations of freewill interface patterns within a holographic universe.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Laurent on June 20, 2016, 09:45:29 AM
A lot of religious blabla ! what is there behind... I wonder...
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 20, 2016, 04:29:02 PM
A lot of religious blabla ! what is there behind... I wonder...

I hear a lot of "me, me, me ..." egotistical babble throughout all of the threads (not just in the Open Threads) & I wonder with so many posters only concerned about their own personal well-being, how we will make much headway against climate change.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: magnamentis on June 20, 2016, 04:59:31 PM
+1

this vicarious for dozens of other posts, missing the like button each time :-)

most of your posts clearly show that you try to get down to the roots of things while there is so much
superficial back and forth with the sole intention to "also have something to tell"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Laurent on June 20, 2016, 06:57:06 PM
AbruptSLR do not take it too personally. I have an other vision of the situation, the "me, me, me" is not the problem just a little part of it, and it can be part of the solution for the future. The main problem we have is our economy based on science and technology, we will have to downscale that pretty fast if we want to avoid total extinction. The main resistance is not the "me, me, me" as some religions would be prompt to point, the problem is families, big families, everywhere, even here in Europe and US. Mainly here I should say, we are not in democracy and it is not the stronger individual that win as what is commonly said (by religions also). Our system is based on families strong families, Rotchild, Clinton, Arnaud, Bettencourt, Mulliez, Dassault, Pinault... They are the problem, would they downscale volontarily as an individual could do... euh my little me think no, they won't. That is why we are hearing so much green-washing, the fact is our system is waiting for the crash, trying to get as much of what will be available after(land, financial asset, etc...). It is not the poorest that will benefit, you can be sure of it, but mainly these families that can protect their fortune in bank paradises. Does religions speak about it... no they don't... they won't...  I think you are right mindfulness is part of the solution, the only problem I have with that is it does speak only of mind, when it should be body and mind, body and mind fullness.

Counting on AI to solve the problem is not a good idea, we should think of protecting life all the lives not only the richest humans.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 20, 2016, 07:09:10 PM
The main resistance is not the "me, me, me" as some religions would be prompt to point, the problem is families, big families, everywhere, even here in Europe and US. Mainly here I should say, we are not in democracy and it is not the stronger individual that win as what is commonly said (by religions also). Our system is based on families strong families, Rotchild, Clinton, Arnaud, Bettencourt, Mulliez, Dassault, Pinault... They are the problem, would they downscale volontarily as an individual could do... euh my little me think no, they won't.

...

Counting on AI to solve the problem is not a good idea, we should think of protecting life all the lives not only the richest humans.

Laurent,

First, I extend "me me me" thinking to "my my my" thinking, as in my family, my tribe, my race; so crony (including strong families) capitalism is an extension of me/my thinking.

Second, AI is coming whether we like it or not, so we might as well think about how to get the best out of it (while acknowledging the potential for the worse).

Best,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 22, 2016, 04:59:13 PM
Denialists (representing Systemic Isolationist thinking) act as though they are negotiating with an authority and that in that negotiation the party that cares the least has the most power (think of Wall Street negotiating with the US Federal Government for a bailout after the 2008 financial collapse, and/or think of the partisan politics in Washington DC over appropriate climate change policy, with the two parties vying for public approval of their control of Federal policies).  However, in reality Gaia is the higher authority that humanity is negotiating with, and in that negotiation Gaia is the party that cares the least as to what happens to humanity (see attached cartoon).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 26, 2016, 01:22:25 AM
To overcome the problem of self-aggrandizement resulting from System Isolation (i.e. veering too far in either direction from the "middle path" where yin-yang is in balance), as a global society we must learn to create sustainable order from a chaotic reality (see the first attached image).  I have previously cited the role of machine learning (& AI) in this process; however, AI is just a sub-set of systems theory (see the discuss of complex adaptive systems (CAS) in the first linked Wikipedia article and the associated second attached image).  Furthermore, I note that "systems theory" is synonymous with "cybernetics", and there are many lessons that can be used from such research that can be applied towards the goal of achieving a sustainable global socio-economic system:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_theory

Extract: "Cybernetics is the study of the communication and control of regulatory feedback both in living and lifeless systems (organisms, organizations, machines), and in combinations of those. Its focus is how anything (digital, mechanical or biological) controls its behavior, processes information, reacts to information, and changes or can be changed to better accomplish those three primary tasks.
The terms "systems theory" and "cybernetics" have been widely used as synonyms.

Complex adaptive systems (CAS) are special cases of complex systems. They are complex in that they are diverse and composed of multiple, interconnected elements; they are adaptive in that they have the capacity to change and learn from experience. In contrast to control systems in which negative feedback dampens and reverses disequilibria, CAS are often subject to positive feedback, which magnifies and perpetuates changes, converting local irregularities into global features. Another mechanism, Dual-phase evolution arises when connections between elements repeatedly change, shifting the system between phases of variation and selection that reshape the system.
The term complex adaptive system was coined at the interdisciplinary Santa Fe Institute (SFI), by John H. Holland, Murray Gell-Mann and others. An alternative conception of complex adaptive (and learning) systems, methodologically at the interface between natural and social science, has been presented by Kristo Ivanov in terms of hypersystems. This concept intends to offer a theoretical basis for understanding and implementing participation of "users", decisions makers, designers and affected actors, in the development or maintenance of self-learning systems."

Also, I provide the following second link to a Wikipedia article on complex systems research where models of such complex systems uses formulae from chaos theory, statistical physics, information theory and non-linear dynamics.  Per the following extract: "Many real complex systems are, in practice and over long but finite time periods, robust. However, they do possess the potential for radical qualitative change of kind whilst retaining systemic integrity. Metamorphosis serves as perhaps more than a metaphor for such transformations."  Such insights are useful when considering the transformation of our current BAU based global socio-economic system, into what we will collectively become:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complex_systems

Extract: "Complex systems present problems both in mathematical modelling and philosophical foundations. The study of complex systems represents a new approach to science that investigates how relationships between parts give rise to the collective behaviors of a system and how the system interacts and forms relationships with its environment.
The equations from which models of complex systems are developed generally derive from statistical physics, information theory and non-linear dynamics and represent organized but unpredictable behaviors of natural systems that are considered fundamentally complex. The physical manifestations of such systems are difficult to define, so a common choice is to identify "the system" with the mathematical information model rather than referring to the undefined physical subject the model represents.

Complexity and modeling
One of Hayek's main contributions to early complexity theory is his distinction between the human capacity to predict the behaviour of simple systems and its capacity to predict the behaviour of complex systems through modeling. He believed that economics and the sciences of complex phenomena in general, which in his view included biology, psychology, and so on, could not be modeled after the sciences that deal with essentially simple phenomena like physics. Hayek would notably explain that complex phenomena, through modeling, can only allow pattern predictions, compared with the precise predictions that can be made out of non-complex phenomena.

Complexity and chaos theory
Complexity theory is rooted in chaos theory, which in turn has its origins more than a century ago in the work of the French mathematician Henri Poincaré. Chaos is sometimes viewed as extremely complicated information, rather than as an absence of order. Chaotic systems remain deterministic, though their long-term behavior can be difficult to predict with any accuracy. With perfect knowledge of the initial conditions and of the relevant equations describing the chaotic system's behavior, one can theoretically make perfectly accurate predictions about the future of the system, though in practice this is impossible to do with arbitrary accuracy. Ilya Prigogine argued that complexity is non-deterministic, and gives no way whatsoever to precisely predict the future.
The emergence of complexity theory shows a domain between deterministic order and randomness which is complex. This is referred as the "edge of chaos".
When one analyzes complex systems, sensitivity to initial conditions, for example, is not an issue as important as within the chaos theory in which it prevails. As stated by Colander, the study of complexity is the opposite of the study of chaos. Complexity is about how a huge number of extremely complicated and dynamic sets of relationships can generate some simple behavioral patterns, whereas chaotic behavior, in the sense of deterministic chaos, is the result of a relatively small number of non-linear interactions.
Therefore, the main difference between chaotic systems and complex systems is their history. Chaotic systems do not rely on their history as complex ones do. Chaotic behaviour pushes a system in equilibrium into chaotic order, which means, in other words, out of what we traditionally define as 'order'. On the other hand, complex systems evolve far from equilibrium at the edge of chaos. They evolve at a critical state built up by a history of irreversible and unexpected events, which physicist Murray Gell-Mann called "an accumulation of frozen accidents." In a sense chaotic systems can be regarded as a subset of complex systems distinguished precisely by this absence of historical dependence. Many real complex systems are, in practice and over long but finite time periods, robust. However, they do possess the potential for radical qualitative change of kind whilst retaining systemic integrity. Metamorphosis serves as perhaps more than a metaphor for such transformations."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 26, 2016, 11:42:37 AM
As a follow-on to my last post on "Systems Theory" and "Complex Systems" modeling, I provide the open access linked reference that uses technology substitution dynamic modeling within an Integrated Assessment Model, IAM, of the electricity sector.  This somewhat limited application of dynamic modeling indicates both the high likelihood that we will exceed the 2C limit this century, and that consideration of regional impacts of climate change is critical when assessing likely damage assessments:

A. M. Foley, P. B. Holden, N. R. Edwards, J.-F. Mercure, P. Salas, H. Pollitt, and U. Chewpreecha (2016), "Climate model emulation in an integrated assessment framework: a case study for mitigation policies in the electricity sector", Earth Syst. Dynam., 7, 119–132, doi:10.5194/esd-7-119-2016


http://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/7/119/2016/esd-7-119-2016.pdf (http://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/7/119/2016/esd-7-119-2016.pdf)

Abstract. We present a carbon-cycle–climate modelling framework using model emulation, designed for integrated assessment modelling, which introduces a new emulator of the carbon cycle (GENIEem).We demonstrate that GENIEem successfully reproduces the CO2 concentrations of the Representative Concentration Pathways when forced with the corresponding CO2 emissions and non-CO2 forcing. To demonstrate its application as part of the integrated assessment framework, we use GENIEem along with an emulator of the climate (PLASIMENTSem) to evaluate global CO2 concentration levels and spatial temperature and precipitation response patterns resulting from CO2 emission scenarios. These scenarios are modelled using a macroeconometric model (E3MG) coupled to a model of technology substitution dynamics (FTT), and represent different emissions reduction policies applied solely in the electricity sector, without mitigation in the rest of the economy. The effect of cascading uncertainty is apparent, but despite uncertainties, it is clear that in all scenarios, global mean temperatures in excess of 2 oC above pre-industrial levels are projected by the end of the century. Our approach also highlights the regional temperature and precipitation patterns associated with the global mean temperature change occurring in these scenarios, enabling more robust impacts modelling and emphasizing the necessity of focusing on spatial patterns in addition to global mean temperature change.

Finally, while "Systems Theory" and "Complex Systems" modeling is only beginning to be applied to climate change modeling, I note that even more dynamic progress is being made in the area of the regulation of DNA gene expression (a complex system critical to life):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulation_of_gene_expression (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulation_of_gene_expression)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on June 30, 2016, 05:02:56 AM
In order to overcoming systemic isolation people will need to focus on something that they care about, and with nearly 7.5 billion different people (& counting, see link below) on the planet all caring about different things, the only way that we are going to deal with the challenges of climate change better is for people to learn to care about reality.


http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ (http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/)


Edit: For the record, reality is constantly changing, so to care about reality one needs to stay current/informed.  For instance the world population as of June 2016 is well above 7.4 billion, but according to the attached projection (from the linked site) the world population will likely grow to 11 billion by 2090, unless the balance of Earth System limits and new technology limits us to a lower population.

Edit 2: As a note, some experts believe that the carrying capacity of the Earth is between 9 and 10 billion people.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 02, 2016, 05:30:10 PM
As a follow-on to my last post, the estimate of a carrying capacity for Earth of between 9 to 10 billion people assumes rapid technological advances comparable to the Fourth Industrial Revolution discussed at Davos this past winter.  Without such technological advances the long-term carrying capacity of the Earth is probably closer to between 4.5 & 5 billion people (see extract below), so at something under 7.5 billion today we are already borrowing against the future and gambling that the wheels won't come of the bus before the Fourth Industrial Revolution is complete.  Nevertheless, even assuming that multiple technological miracles (including rapid increases in sustainable energy) will occur in the next few decades, this will likely just allow more population increase into the 80% CL range indicated in the attached UN image; which of course would keep us on a BAU pathway even if we exceed the currently envisioned Paris Pact measures.  What is required is that we (or more likely future generations) over-come our culture of Systemic Isolation, and learn to interact in a much more sustainable manner:



http://worldpopulationhistory.org/carrying-capacity/ (http://worldpopulationhistory.org/carrying-capacity/)

Extract: "Our Ecological Footprint
One way to address the challenges associated with making future projections is to look at current human impact on the planet. The ecological footprint is a measurement of the anthropogenic impact on earth. It tracks how much biocapacity (biological capacity) there is and how much biocapacity people use by comparing the rate at which we consume natural resources and generate waste to the planet’s ability to replenish those resources and absorb waste. Today, our global footprint is in overshoot. It would take 1.5 Earths to sustain our current population. If current trends continue, we will reach 3 Earths by the year 2050.
 
Where Do We Grow From Here?
Our planet does not have the biocapacity to sustain our current levels of growth and resource consumption. So, what can be done to minimize our collective impact on the environment? In his book, How Many People Can the Earth Support?, mathematical biologist Joel Cohen classifies current solutions into three paradigms: those looking for a “bigger pie” (improving technology), those advocating for “fewer forks” (slowing population growth), and those looking to rationalize and improve decision-making though “better manners” (changing global culture). Cohen argues that, standing along, each paradigm is necessary in solving our environmental crisis, but not sufficient. Change must come from a combination of all three. “Promoting access to contraceptives, developing economies, saving children, empowering women, educating men, and doing it all at once,” he writes, is a way to both lower our impact on the planet and improve the quality of life for all. Perhaps Oxford economist Robert Cassen said it best, “Virtually everything that needs doing from a population perspective needs doing anyway”. Adopting human-centered initiatives targeted at addressing both population growth and consumption habits, ranging from the individual to trans-national level, are our best hope for achieving a sustainable future."

See also:
https://www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_on_vulnerability?language=en (https://www.ted.com/talks/brene_brown_on_vulnerability?language=en)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 02, 2016, 06:53:29 PM
To overcome Systemic Isolation we need to acknowledge our vulnerabilities to an ever changing reality:
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Laurent on July 02, 2016, 09:31:09 PM
The Author of this quote is :

“I think I fall in love a little bit with anyone who shows me their soul. This world is so guarded and fearful. I appreciate rawness so much.”

― Emery Allen

Some other quotes from her : http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/7467647.Emery_Allen (http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/7467647.Emery_Allen)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 04, 2016, 12:37:31 AM
In 2015 overshoot day was on August 13, per the linked website in 2016 it will be on August 8th.  I doubt very much that this trend follows a linear function (see attached plot):

http://www.overshootday.org/ (http://www.overshootday.org/)

Extract: "On August 8, 2016, we will have used as much from nature as our planet can renew in the whole year. We use more ecological resources and services than nature can regenerate through overfishing, overharvesting forests and emitting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than forests can sequester. The consequences of this “overshoot” include shrinking biodiversity, collapsed fisheries, eroded topsoil and climate change."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 06, 2016, 08:36:54 PM
The linked article indicates that scientific compartmentalization (systemic isolation) is critical to excellence, and that before scientific specialists can more effectively contribute to the fight against complex (interdisciplinary) problems like climate change, it is incumbent upon society to develop a proper & sustained framework for doing so (here I note that deep learning for AI similarly requires a pre-programmed software framework before it starts identifying and reinforcing pattern recognition activities):

http://theconversation.com/science-in-silos-isnt-such-a-bad-thing-43325 (http://theconversation.com/science-in-silos-isnt-such-a-bad-thing-43325)

Extract: "Specialisation and compartmentalisation are critical to excellence. The human body is organised into specialised organs for a reason, and it could not operate if everything were blended into an interdisciplinary soup.

So let those who work in silos climb up and look out to make alliances only when there is a proper strategy and a sustained plan for doing so."

Furthermore, the linked "The Guardian" article discusses how difficult to lure specialized researchers out of their comfort zones (system isolation) to better address climate change in an interdisciplinary manner to create a "nexus" of new possible solutions to this "wick problem"

https://www.theguardian.com/science/political-science/2014/jun/11/science-policy-research-silos-interdisciplinarity (https://www.theguardian.com/science/political-science/2014/jun/11/science-policy-research-silos-interdisciplinarity)

Extract: "The 'nexus' is the latest buzzword intended to lure researchers out of their disciplinary comfort zones and get them working together on the big challenges of the day. But how easy is it in practice?"

Also, the previous "The Guardian" article provides a link (see the following link) to a discussion on how "Transdisciplinarity" could be used to better engage society to develop an interactive framework (agora) required to assist the development of scientific solutions that better address climate change in a timely manner

http://www.helga-nowotny.eu/downloads/helga_nowotny_b59.pdf (http://www.helga-nowotny.eu/downloads/helga_nowotny_b59.pdf)

Extract: "Over the last decades more and more inputs, including those from various pressure groups, have been brought to bear on the problem formulation, design and completion of large-scale projects. That makes sense to us. But there is more to it. This ethos now has acquired a kind of feedback loop in that the engineers now realise that you get a better technical solution if you bring in these views. This is quite a revolutionary interpretation of transdisciplinarity. It implies that more involvement on the part of society means not a better social solution, or a better adapted solution, or one that brings social tranquillity to a community, but a better technical solution. Could not the same conclusion be applied right across the scientific spectrum: that better scientific solutions emerge if there is dialogue with society than if there is not?

By now, it is perfectly accepted and considered highly desirable across a wide spectrum of institutions, from industry to policy makers, that innovation and much of what is the thrust behind innovation, comes from new links between producers of knowledge and the so called users. By now, it is perfectly accepted and considered highly desirable across a wide spectrum of institutions, from industry to policy makers, that innovation and much of what is the thrust behind innovation, comes from new links between producers of knowledge and the so called users.

What could be the appropriate structure in which a debate of this kind might take place? Going back to an old Greek term, we call it the agora. It requires the management of complexity in a public space, which is neither state, nor market, neither public, nor private, but all of this in different configurations. Indeed, the agora is everywhere. It is in your mind as much as in social or public political settings, in corporate structures or in the rules of governance as much as inside laboratories and how we relate to each other. It still recognizes disciplines, but it has moved beyond them to engage with - whom? - the imaginary layperson and imagined users, the public, citizens, in short, what we take to be society to whom we all belong."

For example, the linked article notes that many nobel laureates are encouraging Greenpeace to back off of its opposition to the use of GMO foods in order to better address current and future hunger/nutrition in the world.  However, this will result in a feedback for increased world population which will require an "agora" of how to either provide negative feedbacks for world population, or plans for reduced consumption, or adaptive measures for dealing with the coming societal collapse associated with over consumption:


https://mic.com/articles/147772/nobel-laureates-battle-greenpeace-on-gmo-foods (https://mic.com/articles/147772/nobel-laureates-battle-greenpeace-on-gmo-foods)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 07, 2016, 10:41:13 PM
Whether AI has a largely positive impact on humanity (or not) significantly depends on the software "scaffolding" that is provided machine learning (& deep learning).  If this software "scaffolding" is set-up like a dynamic agora framework (see Reply #40) that is public (open-source) with both public and private input (see cartoon), then our chances of a positive out-come increase (see link to friendly artificial intelligence, FAI.  In this regard an unfriendly AI could be compared to a wild/undisciplined mind and FAI could be compared to a cultured/disciplined mind):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friendly_artificial_intelligence

Extract: "A friendly artificial intelligence (also friendly AI or FAI) is a hypothetical artificial general intelligence (AGI) that would have a positive rather than negative effect on humanity. It is a part of the ethics of artificial intelligence and is closely related to machine ethics. While machine ethics is concerned with how an artificially intelligent agent should behave, friendly artificial intelligence research is focused on how to practically bring about this behaviour and ensuring it is adequately constrained."

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agora
Extract: "The Agora (/ˈæɡərə/; Ancient Greek: Ἀγορά Agorá) was a central spot in ancient Greek city-states. The literal meaning of the word is "gathering place" or "assembly"."

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 11, 2016, 05:36:16 PM
The linked article makes it clear that just acknowledging that climate change is real is not sufficient; people must also agree on what to do about it (which is yet another example of systemic isolation):

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/12/science/climate-change-movement.html?_r=0 (http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/12/science/climate-change-movement.html?_r=0)

Extract: "But the movement that started with a straightforward mission — to get more people to appreciate the dangers of climate change as a precursor to action — is feeling growing pains. What may seem like a unified front has pronounced schisms, with conflicting opinions on many issues, including nuclear power and natural gas, that are complicating what it means to be an environmentalist in this day and age.

The factional boundaries are not hard and fast, with groups shifting their positions as the science and waves of activism evolve. The environmental movement has always been a congregation of many voices, and some disagreement should be expected on such complex and intractable problems as saving the planet. Still, the tensions remain strong."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sedziobs on July 14, 2016, 08:14:44 PM
An interesting article describing the effects of planned obsolescence, whereby products are designed to fail to encourage further consumption, using light bulbs as an example.

http://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/the-l-e-d-quandary-why-theres-no-such-thing-as-built-to-last (http://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/the-l-e-d-quandary-why-theres-no-such-thing-as-built-to-last)

Quote
Politically speaking, the reason is obvious: even advocates such as Cooper describe the transformation of a consumer economy fuelled by obsolescence as a “radical, systemic change” that is likely, at least in the short term, to slow economic growth. “This may be unacceptable to governments, which use economic growth as their primary performance indicator,” Cooper notes, rather dryly, in “Longer Lasting Products.”

The first international academic conference on product durability took place last year, in Nottingham, England; also in 2015, a consortium of environmental organizations, ranging from the California-based repair wiki iFixit to European government agencies, issued a joint call for longer-lasting goods. Sustainability thinkers increasingly recognize that the efforts of industrialized nations to “decouple” economic growth from its environmental impacts have not succeeded. Despite a conspicuous boom in energy-efficient, recyclable, biodegradable, and nontoxic products on the market, resource exploitation continues to intensify—the footprint of annual global consumption now exceeds the replacement rate of the planet’s resources by one and a half times. (It would be four times if everyone on Earth consumed like the average American.) Perpetual, consumer-driven growth has proven staggeringly difficult to disentangle from impacts like pollution, resource depletion, energy consumption, and waste. Even purchasing eco-friendly products quickly becomes a zero-sum green game if we constantly buy more of them.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 14, 2016, 09:05:10 PM
As a follow-on to sezdziobs' post, the linked article indicates that the World Economic Forum is considering movement towards a circular economy:


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-lacy-/the-circular-economy-is-a_b_9012234.html (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-lacy-/the-circular-economy-is-a_b_9012234.html)

Extract: "Little more than a month after many of us were at the Paris climate summit, there are several familiar faces in Davos. The Paris accord set a firm path that will allow commitments to become reality, even with its shortcomings. For business leaders that means investment decisions will become easier to make. And they know that meeting in Davos presents the best chance to get into specifics.
As Dominic Waughray wrote on these pages recently, the World Economic Forum has played a strong part in bringing together businesses, investors and policy makers, including forming an alliance of CEO Climate Leaders. Last night it put the circular economy at the forefront of delegates' minds by hosting the Circulars, the awards that recognize individuals and organizations that have contributed significantly to new business models and mindsets that decouple growth from the consumption of scarce natural resources.
In their second year, the Circulars seek to highlight how achieving the ambitious aims agreed in Paris does not require a trade off with growth. That's because circular business models drive growth. And they unlock the revenues we are otherwise throwing away by pursuing the traditional 'take, make, waste' model of doing business.
For forty years until the turn of the millennium, business got used to commodity prices decreasing as growth surged. But this pattern then reversed dramatically, as the rise of urbanization intensified shortages of many resources while putting others such as water and soil under great stress. In recent years, prices have skyrocketed and crashed dramatically. Prices for metals like copper, iron, tin and nickel, have nearly doubled between 2000 and 2015. The real price of oil in August 2015 was still 55 per cent higher than in August 2000.
We face a shortfall of 8 billion tons in constrained resources by 2030. That translates to $4.5 trillion of lost growth that year, or as much as the U.S. consumes annually today.



The circular economy is about more than recycling and managing landfill. We need to look at all four dimensions of waste as an opportunity. Find value in wasted resources that could become renewable, such as biofuel. Exploit the wasted capacity in property or assets that could find a market, such as the 60 percent of Europe's truck capacity that remains empty most of the time. Reduce the wasted lifecycles that currently see products discarded rather than refurbished, often because they are not built to last. Finally, secure the wasted embedded values by finding uses for otherwise rejected materials."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on July 29, 2016, 04:42:23 PM
The linked editorial (regarding the Kopp et al 2016 reference at the end of the post) notes that: "If policy makers are to make real progress, we must start meaning the same thing when we use the same words to describe climate change".  While the editorial (& the Kopp et al 2016 reference) are admirable in their efforts to reduce systemic isolation between climate change science & climate change policy; nevertheless, by surveying old science they both actually add to the confuse & systemic isolation between reality & climate action.  For instance DeConto (2016) notes that if/when GMST departure from pre-industrial reaches 2.7C (which is almost unavoidable between 2040-2050) then large parts of the WAIS could collapse within decades; and Hansen et al (2016) demonstrate that if this were to occur that the ocean's thermohaline circulation pattern would be significantly impacted.  Yet by pointing to pre-2016 research both Ellison (the editor of Earth's Future) and Kopp et al indicate that they support the mistaken concept that a tipping point for marine ice sheet collapse (& the associated impact on ocean circulation patterns) will likely take many centuries to unfold.  If/when policy makers follow such Ellison/Kopp et al guidance, more time & money will be wasted on ineffective climate change action; all due to systemic isolation:

Michael Ellison (28 July 2016) "Perspectives on Climate Tipping Points", EoS

https://eos.org/editors-vox/perspectives-climate-tipping-points (https://eos.org/editors-vox/perspectives-climate-tipping-points)

Extract: "First, the ‘tipping point’ terminology is potentially confusing: its use in the climate science literature is clearly inspired by Malcolm Gladwell’s popularization, yet the use of the term in climate science doesn’t totally align with its popularized use. For example, Malcolm Gladwell characterized tipping points as ‘abrupt,’ but if we’re talking about ‘tipping points’ in an ice sheet, the consequences of crossing a critical threshold may take many centuries to play out. In our personal experience talking about these issues with the general public, we found that the ‘tipping point’ terminology made the consequences of crossing ‘climatic tipping points’ appear more imminent or abrupt than they might actually be. Second, for all our concerns about ‘tipping points’ in the climate system, we perhaps should be equally concerned about how ‘non-tipping’ parts of the climate system might cause social tipping points—for example, involving civil conflict or migration—or shocks to the economy.

For society at large, it’s clear that there are a lot of potential surprises out there associated with climate change—‘unknown unknowns’ as Donald Rumsfeld might have called them. Many of these may involve rapid, non-linear changes in either the physical climate or human systems. So we need to get a better handle on these changes and their associated risks for humans. Yet it’s hard to do, and much of the research on climate damages is currently focused on easier-to-characterize changes, such as those involving the crop yield or mortality effects of changes in mean temperature and precipitation. Those are important, but they’re not the full picture, and we can’t neglect these harder questions."


Robert E. Kopp, Rachael Shwom, Gernot Wagner, Jiacan Yuan. Tipping elements and climate-economic shocks: Pathways toward integrated assessment. Earth's Future, 2016; DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000362


http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016EF000362/full (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016EF000362/full)

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016EF000362/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+unavailable+on+Saturday+30th+July+2016+from+08:00-11:00+BST+/+03:00-06:00+EST+/+15:00-18:00+SGT+for+essential+maintenance.Apologies+for+the+inconvenience. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016EF000362/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+will+be+unavailable+on+Saturday+30th+July+2016+from+08:00-11:00+BST+/+03:00-06:00+EST+/+15:00-18:00+SGT+for+essential+maintenance.Apologies+for+the+inconvenience.)

Abstract: "The literature on the costs of climate change often draws a link between climatic ‘tipping points’ and large economic shocks, frequently called ‘catastrophes’. The phrase ‘tipping points’ in this context can be misleading. In popular and social scientific discourse, ‘tipping points’ involve abrupt state changes. For some climatic ‘tipping points,’ the commitment to a state change may occur abruptly, but the change itself may be rate-limited and take centuries or longer to realize. Additionally, the connection between climatic ‘tipping points’ and economic losses is tenuous, though emerging empirical and process-model-based tools provide pathways for investigating it. We propose terminology to clarify the distinction between ‘tipping points’ in the popular sense, the critical thresholds exhibited by climatic and social ‘tipping elements,’ and ‘economic shocks’. The last may be associated with tipping elements, gradual climate change, or non-climatic triggers. We illustrate our proposed distinctions by surveying the literature on climatic tipping elements, climatically sensitive social tipping elements, and climate-economic shocks, and we propose a research agenda to advance the integrated assessment of all three."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 01, 2016, 05:38:17 AM
The first attached image (from The Matrix Reloaded), illustrates that systemic isolation not only inhibits synergy between people, & across disciplines, it also temporally separates us from understanding our own decisions.  For instance when the IPCC/CMIP5 used human judgment (based on multiple lines of prior evidence) to err on the side of least drama (ESLD) by selecting a most likely value of ECS of about 3C; we automatically increased our risk of climate consequences by facilitating the BAU behavior that we have mutually exhibited since we (as a society) made that ESLD decision.  Now that multiple lines of new evidence (see the curve with time dependence in the second attached image from Kyle Armour 2016) indicate that ECS is most likely closer to 4.6C than to 3C; we all need to learn to recalibrate our societal understanding of our true risk before we add insult to injury by further delaying climate action; which would/will increase our climate risk still further (& probably at an accelerating non-linear rate).

Kyle C. Armour  (27 June 2016), "Projection and prediction: Climate sensitivity on the rise", Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate3079

http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3079.html (http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3079.html)

Summary: "Recent observations of Earth's energy budget indicate low climate sensitivity. Research now shows that these estimates should be revised upward, resolving an apparent mismatch with climate models and implying a warmer future."

Edit: the pdf of the reference can be found at the following link:


http://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate3079.epdf?author_access_token=LNQKgwEONy5YVJSvlubB29RgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0PPTNF_sOIeFx9myJ_U10XLsj8_p1lqjx0RRDTJbTTc78eupvudlmNtEiNXnWHNhr4crt8ZuOmLA66TNpMu_PUg (http://www.nature.com/articles/nclimate3079.epdf?author_access_token=LNQKgwEONy5YVJSvlubB29RgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0PPTNF_sOIeFx9myJ_U10XLsj8_p1lqjx0RRDTJbTTc78eupvudlmNtEiNXnWHNhr4crt8ZuOmLA66TNpMu_PUg)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 04, 2016, 09:44:31 PM
As the whole Matrix sequence endeavors to convey an understanding of a series of transitions from one systemically isolated gestalt to another (higher) level of gestalt; from Neo following the white rabbit, to being de-bugged, to taking the red pill, to being flushed from his artificial "womb", to encountering the Matrix, to encountering the Oracle; all of which I have already touched upon (more or less), as they more or less relate to our own experiences.  However, I have noticed that many people have a poor appreciation of Neo's transitions to encounter the Architect of the Matrix and then to the Deus Ex Machina in the Machine City.  In this regard I attach:

A) The first image of the meme "Denial is the most predictable of all human responses"; as it illustrates that human ego can aggrandize itself by belittling any other position/gestalt; including the ego's of IPCC scientists (and their ilk) who belittle climate change risks that will become apparent in a few short decades, due to continuing anthropogenic forcing.
B) The second image that illustrates the periodic nature of chaotic systems (such as life/death, etc.); where the Architect is willing to accept systemic losses (such as the loss of five to nine billion people worldwide following a socio-economic collapse after 2050); provided that there is a seed of renewal for the Architect to sustain itself on after such periodic collapses.
C) The third image illustrates that all egotistical gestalts have a beginning and an end; so even if the 4th Industrial Revolution turns some individuals into god-like Agent Smiths, still freewill will remain to challenge any post-collapse high-tech driven societies to develop compassionate moral values.
D) The fourth image shows Neo (as a model of freewill) negotiating with the Deus Ex Machina in the Machine City, for a compromise allowing the AI machines and humans from their refuge in Zion to co-exist in the post-collapse world, representing a more sustainable gestalt that should last for many centuries.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 05, 2016, 11:43:13 AM
Here is some Matrix images on the illusions caused by systemic isolation:
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: abbottisgone on August 06, 2016, 12:18:50 AM
Some of this looks like great stuff and I did dig the drums posted by someone earlier... but the best thing in the world is not having a mobile phone.

I threw that thing away about ten years ago and it's pretty awesome.

 ;)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 06, 2016, 07:21:54 PM
I have recently added the following byline, which is actually a paraphrased version of Megginson's actual quote:

“It is not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who can best manage change.”
― Leon C. Megginson

Leon C. Megginson was a Professor of Management and Marketing at Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge. Megginson wrote in 1963: ‘According to Darwin’s Origin of Species, it is not the most intellectual of the species that survives; it is not the strongest that survives; but the species that survives is the one that is able best to adapt and adjust to the changing environment in which it finds itself.’ (Megginson, ‘Lessons from Europe for American Business’, Southwestern Social Science Quarterly (1963) 44(1): 3-13, at p. 4.).  Megginson had an interest in the theories of evolution through ‘mutual aid’ advocated by the Russian zoologist Karl Kessler, and his statements about Darwin clearly reflect that.

As some people may well misunderstand the meaning of the paraphrased quote.  Therefore, I provide the following linked articles that elaborate on Karl Kessler's concept of "mutual aid"; which illustrate that as climate change amplifies the impacts of nature to the point where they are comparable to man's ability to cope with those impacts; then natural selection will help those who cooperate (thus reducing systemic isolation) to better survive:


The first linked article explains who Karl Kessler was and what influence his paper "The Law of Mutual Aid" had:

http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Kessler,_Karl_Fedorovich_(1815-1881) (http://www.antwiki.org/wiki/Kessler,_Karl_Fedorovich_(1815-1881))

Extract: "In 1879 K. P. Kessler, zoologist and former rector of St. Petersburg University, read a paper entitled "The Law of Mutual Aid" before the members of the St. Petersburg Society of Naturalists.

Organic evolution depend more on the union between individuals of the same species in the struggle between its members."

The second linked article discusses how Kessler used the concept of "mutual aid" to criticize those who follow the Hobbesian notion of "Survival of the Fittest":
https://www.coursehero.com/file/p36j3s7/Kessler-began-his-address-On-the-Law-of-Mutual-Aid-by-criticizing-those-who/ (https://www.coursehero.com/file/p36j3s7/Kessler-began-his-address-On-the-Law-of-Mutual-Aid-by-criticizing-those-who/)

Extract: "“He [Karl F. Kessler] began his address ‘On the Law of Mutual Aid’ by criticizing those who invoked ‘the cruel, so - called law of the struggle for existence’ to resolve social and moral issues.” – Todes (1989: 110)."

The third article is:  "Mutual aid and the foraging mode of thought: Re-reading Kropotkin on the Khoisan - Alan Barnard", which discusses the work of the scientist, anarchist, and Russian prince, Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (1842–1921) who applied Karl Kessler's concept of "mutual aid" to the Khoisan bushman:

https://libcom.org/history/mutual-aid-foraging-mode-thought-re-reading-kropotkin-khoisan-alan-barnard (https://libcom.org/history/mutual-aid-foraging-mode-thought-re-reading-kropotkin-khoisan-alan-barnard)

Extract: "Peter Kropotkin's work offers an insight into the workings of pre-state as well as state societies. This paper utilizes Kropotkin's notion of ‘mutual aid’ and argues for a consideration of mode of thought (rather than mode of production), both in the analysis of certain kinds of stateless societies and in the analysis of differences between societies of differing levels of complexity. It examines specifically Kropotkin's ideas on ‘mutual aid among savages’ and his comments on Khoisan (Bushman and Khoekhoe) social organization in light of later ethnographic findings. The conclusion is that Kropotkin's optimistic social theory remains applicable, and that the historical trajectory he saw, emphasizing the significance of voluntary organizations over state formations, is worthy of renewed interest.

The mutual-aid tendency in man has so remote an origin, and is so deeply interwoven with all the past evolution of the human race, that it has been maintained by mankind up to the present time, notwithstanding all vicissitudes of history. Peter Kropotkin (1987a: 180).
The concept ‘mutual aid’ (vzaimopomoshch') is attributed to Russian zoologist Karl Fredorovich Kessler and dates from about 1880 (Kropotkin 1987a: 14, 24–27). The chapter of concern here is Kropotkin's Chapter 3, ‘Mutual Aid among Savages’ (1987a: 74–101), written in 1891 and first published as part of a series in the journal, The Nineteenth Century. Kropotkin used the word ‘savages’ in its neutral, and not its modern derogatory sense, and I shall do the same in this summary of his chapter.

The first thing Kropotkin does is to dispel the Hobbesian notion that primitive life was one of ‘war of each against all’. He suggests that mutual support, rather than mutual struggle, is evolutionarily adaptive. He says that those ‘tribes’ who develop an avoidance of internal competition stand the best chance of Darwinian survival."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 09, 2016, 06:06:19 PM
The first linked article (the second & third links are for background on 4IR) is entitled: "The Fourth Industrial Revolution Awakens the Importance of the Human Spirit."  If we understand "spirit" to mean not soul but rather the interaction of "free will" with dhamma then wisdom can be found in the mindful application of spirit much as Maxwell's Demon (see the fourth linked article) can be used to reduce entropy in a closed system.  In this sense the attached image from Matrix Revolutions shows Neo becoming one with everything (one with dhamma), as we will all better understand when the Fourth Industrial Revolution, 4IR, connects us with the Internet of Everything, IoE (or by analogy the Matrix), thus reducing systemic isolation (especially for those current youths who will be around following the coming partial socio-economic collapse prior to 2060, as shown for Zion in the immediate prior post):

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/yuhyun-park/the-fourth-industrial-rev_b_11325636.html (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/yuhyun-park/the-fourth-industrial-rev_b_11325636.html)

Extract: "But one obvious fact is that the Fourth Industrial Revolution will yield another shift in the focus of humanness - shifting from mind to spirit. Just as the Second Industrial Revolution triggered the replacement of human physical labor with machines, the Fourth Industrial Revolution will trigger the replacement of human mental labor with artificial intelligence and robots.

The wisdom of spirit will become more important than knowledge and skills which can be aggregated through the Internet. A humble and sacrificial spirit to forgive others, even enemies, will be more important than selfish emotion and one’s own mind, which will often be considered as a failing factor compared to no-error machines. Love and respect for the weak and troubled will not be calculated in the machine’s optimization.

So this is good news. The Fourth Industrial Revolution has finally opened up a new era to the human race challenging us to focus on understanding who we really are. Yes. Indeed we are the spirit mastering the body and mind. As the Second Industrial Revolution yielded a current education system to sharpen our minds, we now need a new education system that awakens our spirit. The importance of the human spirit should be the guiding principle for future of education in the Fourth Industrial Revolution."


See also:
Are you ready for the 4th Industrial Revolution?

http://www.cio.co.nz/article/604721/prepared-4th-industrial-revolution/ (http://www.cio.co.nz/article/604721/prepared-4th-industrial-revolution/)

Extract: "The Fourth Industrial Revolution, according to Canterbury Tech, blurs the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.

“It moves from simple digitisation (the Third Industrial Revolution) to innovation based on combinations of technologies. Emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things, autonomous vehicles, 3D printing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials science, energy storage, and quantum computing will continue to accelerate and progress."

&

The fourth industrial revolution 'will be a business reality within the next 10 years'

http://www.pcr-online.biz/news/read/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-will-be-a-business-reality-within-the-next-10-years/038569 (http://www.pcr-online.biz/news/read/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-will-be-a-business-reality-within-the-next-10-years/038569)

Extract: "Software giant Oracle has teamed up with the manufacturers' organisation EEF to help get companies fit for the 'fourth industrial revolution', or 4IR.

4IR is apparently being driven by digitisation, big data and other rapid advances in technology.
Eight in ten manufacturers (80 per cent) say that this next industrial transformation will be a business reality within the next ten years."


Regarding Maxell's Demon see:

In the future Maxwell's Demon (as a metaphor for the relationship between the extraction of work from a system and the information about this system) will not only allow for the design of more efficient cooling & energy extraction systems; but will also facilitate the use of AI to create a more sustainable global socio-economic system (with less waste by improved use of information):

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/physicists-test-maxwells-demon-with-beams-of-light-2 (http://motherboard.vice.com/read/physicists-test-maxwells-demon-with-beams-of-light-2)

Extract: "The demon’s ability to create this temperature difference without the expenditure of work appeared to Maxwell to be in violation of the second law of thermodynamics, which states that two bodies of different temperature, when brought into contact with one another in isolation from the rest of the universe, will establish a thermodynamic equilibrium. Another way of putting this is that in an isolated system, entropy never decreases—although Maxwell’s hypothetical did in fact seem to allow the entropy of the system to decrease.

In the years since Maxwell initially proposed his hypothetical, physicists have managed to satisfactorily explain away the evident paradox of Maxwell’s demon. According to some of these physicists’ explanations, although Maxwell’s demon is not directly doing work on the system, it is extracting information about the system by sorting the molecules. The process of extracting this information about the system is a form of work, and therefore the entropy of the system does in fact increase in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics.

Although physicists were able to show that Maxwell’s paradox didn’t actually violate the second law of thermodynamics, the exact nature of the relationship between the extraction of work from a system and the information about this system acquired through measurements which explained the paradox was not that well understood. This was the relationship that the Oxford team hoped to elucidate with their photonic demon.



According to the team, its experiment is the first step toward gaining a better understanding of how thermodynamics plays out on microscales. A better understanding of the link between information and thermodynamics could have a variety of real world applications, ranging from more efficient cooling and energy extraction systems to application in quantum information technologies.

“Personally I think that sort of technology will have a real impact on meeting the energy challenge facing the world,” said Dahlsten. “We are already thinking of ways in which features such as entanglement can be introduced in future experiments based on this one, as our interests gravitate around quantum information.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 09, 2016, 07:09:38 PM
To continue on with the Matrix analogy, I provide the following link to an article entitled: "The Best Movie You Never Saw: The Animatrix".  The Animatrix provides background on the Matrix universe, including on the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the ensuing socio-economic collapse, and tie-ins between the wisdom of "spirit" (or free-will) and the Internet of Everything/Matrix (or dhamma) as indicated in the attached image from The Animatrix; that illustrates how "systemic isolation" can be reduced:

http://www.joblo.com/movie-news/the-best-movie-you-never-saw-the-animatrix-874 (http://www.joblo.com/movie-news/the-best-movie-you-never-saw-the-animatrix-874)

Extract: "THE ANIMATRIX plays out a series of "What Ifs" within the world of THE MATRIX. A world where anything’s possible, where – as in a story universe like STAR TREK, or as in our universe itself – we’ve no idea the limits of what could be happening in some forgotten pocket of its time and space. What better to talk about such possibilities than through animation, a medium where if it can be imagined it can exist. Rather like The Matrix itself, really, both being computer generated and all. Not only is there no spoon - there's no hand."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 27, 2016, 10:40:17 AM
In the Matrix/Reloaded/Revolutions, Agent Smith is a metaphor for ego that creates the Matrix of suffering (systemic isolation) that we all create/inhabit but which is an illusion and which comes to an end when Neo surrenders thus destroying ego/Smith at the "End of Days":

Future Blessings for Zion
Isaiah 54: …15"If anyone fiercely assails you it will not be from Me. Whoever assails you will fall because of you. 16"Behold, I Myself have created the smith who blows the fire of coals And brings out a weapon for its work; And I have created the destroyer to ruin. 17"No weapon that is formed against you will prosper; And every tongue that accuses you in judgment you will condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, And their vindication is from Me," declares the LORD.…

Isaiah 54:16 Commentaries
54:11-17 Let the people of God, when afflicted and tossed, think they hear God speaking comfortably to them by these words, taking notice of their griefs and fears. The church is all glorious when full of the knowledge of God; for none teaches like him. It is a promise of the teaching and gifts of the Holy Spirit. All that are taught of God are taught to love one another. This seems to relate especially to the glorious times to succeed the tribulations of the church. Holiness, more than anything, is the beauty of the church. God promises protection. There shall be no fears within; there shall be no fightings without. Military men value themselves on their splendid titles, but God calls them, Wasters made to destroy, for they make wasting and destruction their business. He created them, therefore he will serve his own designs by them. The day is coming when God will reckon with wicked men for their hard speeches, Jude 1:15. Security and final victory are the heritage of each faithful servant of the Lord. The righteousness by which they are justified, and the grace by which they are sanctified, are the gift of God, and the effect of his special love. Let us beseech him to sanctify our souls, and to employ us in his service.

Proverbs: Commit your works to the LORD And your plans will be established. 4The LORD has made everything for its own purpose, Even the wicked for the day of evil. 5Everyone who is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; Assuredly, he will not be unpunished.…
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 29, 2016, 12:31:02 AM
The Matrix makes many connections to "Simulacra and Simulation". Neo is seen with a copy of Simulacra and Simulation at the beginning of The Matrix. He uses the hollowed book as a hiding place for cash and his important computer files. Neo's hollowed copy of the book has the chapter "On Nihilism" in the middle, not at the end of the book, where it is in reality. Morpheus refers to the real world outside the Matrix as the "desert of the real", a reference to Baudrillard's work.  Furthermore, the Wachowski Bothers had all the actors in The Matrix read "Simulacra and Simulations".

Simulacra and Simulation (Simulacres et Simulation in French) was published in 1981 and is a philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard.  The following Wiki-linked article indicates that Baudrillard argues that people's thinking (including scientists & one percenters) have become dominated by symbols, signs and modelled simulations that have taken on a life of their own (& are true simulacra) but which bear little or no relation to physical reality (such as which Mother Nature responses to).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simulacra_and_Simulation

Extract: "Simulacra and Simulation (French: Simulacres et Simulation) is a 1981 philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard, in which he seeks to examine the relationships among reality, symbols, and society.

Simulacra are copies that depict things that either had no original to begin with, or that no longer have an original. Simulation is the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time.

...The simulacrum is never that which conceals the truth—it is the truth which conceals that there is none. The simulacrum is true.
— The quote is credited to Ecclesiastes, but the words do not occur there. It can be seen as an addition, a paraphrase and an endorsement of Ecclesiastes' condemnation of the pursuit of wisdom as folly and a 'chasing after wind'—see for example Ecclesiastes 1.16.

Simulacra and Simulation is most known for its discussion of symbols, signs, and how they relate to contemporaneity (simultaneous existences). Baudrillard claims that our current society has replaced all reality and meaning with symbols and signs, and that human experience is of a simulation of reality. Moreover, these simulacra are not merely mediations of reality, nor even deceptive mediations of reality; they are not based in a reality nor do they hide a reality, they simply hide that anything like reality is relevant to our current understanding of our lives. The simulacra that Baudrillard refers to are the significations and symbolism of culture and media that construct perceived reality, the acquired understanding by which our lives and shared existence is and are rendered legible; Baudrillard believed that society has become so saturated with these simulacra and our lives so saturated with the constructs of society that all meaning was being rendered meaningless by being infinitely mutable. Baudrillard called this phenomenon the "precession of simulacra"."

Ecclesiastes 1:15-18: "15 What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.  16 I said in my heart, “I have acquired great wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me, and my heart has had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.”  17 And I applied my heart to know wisdom and to know madness and folly. I perceived that this also is but a striving after wind.  18  For in much wisdom is much vexation, and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow."

This helps explain why scientific consensus (dominated by frequentist thinking) indicates that the most likely value for ECS is 3.2C, when in reality it is most likely closer to 4.6C; and supports the study of nonsensical forcing scenarios that require negative emission technology, while exhibiting high-levels of reticence to study upper-bound scenarios that would allow for proper risk evaluations.

In my last post, I connected Agent Smith to technology (i.e. a blacksmith who uses fossil fuels to forge tools & weapons) and by extension to capitalism that is facilitating our pathway of overshoot.  In this sense Agent Smith represents systemic controls to standardize people/markets by using aversion (see the first image as an example of Smith's aversion to humanity) to stamp-out intelligence that does not fit the system's model (simulacra).  However, the system model (simulacra) that we are talking about here resides in the brains/minds of people who have either created or bought into the system.  Also, I point out that the flipside of aversion in a two-faced/pre-conditioned mind is craving; as represented in the Matrix as the Merovingian (see the second attached image & the following Wiki-linked article) as the decadent aristocrat (1%) that indulges in hedonism & excess consumption by taking advantage of the system. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merovingian_dynasty

Extract: "The Merovingians feature in the novel In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust: "The Merovingians are important to Proust because, as the oldest French dynasty, they are the most romantic and their descendants the most aristocratic." The word "Merovingian" is used as an adjective at least five times in Swann's Way.
The Merovingians are featured in the book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail (1982) where they are depicted as descendants of Jesus, inspired by the "Priory of Sion" story developed by Pierre Plantard in the 1960s. Plantard playfully sold the story as non-fiction, giving rise to a number of works of pseudohistory among which The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail was the most successful. The "Priory of Sion" material has given rise to later works in popular fiction, notably The Da Vinci Code (2003), which mentions the Merovingians in chapter 60.
The title of Merovingian (also known as The Frenchman) is a fictional character and a supporting antagonist of the films The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions."

However, the Wachowski Brothers were well aware of the book "The Holy Blood and Holy Grail" depicting the Merovingnians as the descendants of Jesus, and thus it is not surprising that the refugees associated with various agents of the Merovingnian help (see the third attached image) Neo to learn to transcend simulacra thinking in order to become the "blind messiah" (see the fourth attached image) leading to blessings for Zion.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Iceismylife on August 29, 2016, 12:46:53 AM
Most people don't realize...


They don't.

What is valued in western culture is the antithesis of interdependent achievement.

You have to do it all yourself or you can't do it.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 29, 2016, 12:58:32 AM
You have to do it all yourself or you can't do it.

The linked videos indicate that the strong individual mythology in capitalism is an illusion for most people, as the approach that Trump is promoting, where he encourages his follower to believe that by "putting on airs/posturing" (or by acting like Donald Trump) they can protect themselves from a hostile uncertain world by benefitting at the expense of others.  This approach is promoted by modern capitalism as explained in the following linked videos entitled: "The Paradox of Choice" and "Smile or Die".

The Paradox of Choice:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bqMY82xzWo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bqMY82xzWo)

&

Smile or die:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5um8QWWRvo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5um8QWWRvo)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on August 29, 2016, 07:14:23 AM
Re: Baudrillard

"Spirit of Terrorism" rang truer to me than much of his other work, although i did like "Violence of the Image"

sidd
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on August 29, 2016, 08:34:16 AM
This is an interesting subject, but one that causes my brain to ache as I find it all hard to absorb. My eyes want to glaze over! One thing I find most interesting is Agent Smith's quote about humans being a virus. When I think about what we've done to our planet, a virus is a great way to describe us as we routinely exploit and use up resources without even considering the impact on other species that share this planet with us. I think we are planting the seeds of our own destruction and yet we blindly continue making the same mistakes over and over again.

In a way, I'm reminded of the early 1980's when in northeast U.S. (I lived in New Hampshire at the time), there was a growing infestation of gypsy moths. The gypsy moth population varies from year to year but starting around 1979, they started to produce at an exponential rate. By 1981, they were in such great number that they consumed the foliage of deciduous trees for thousands of acres stretching from southern N.H, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York and Pennsylvania. Traveling through Massachusetts, the devastation seemed almost apocalyptic! Here it was around June 20th and the caterpillars were beginning to enter their chrysalises and by early July were emerging as moths. By then the trees began budding a second set of leaves.

By late April 1982, the caterpillars were emerging from their egg masses and their numbers initially were greatly increased from 1981 but they soon began to die off from what the entomologists called "wilt" disease. By mid to late May, the caterpillars where literally falling out of the trees as they died in great numbers, leaving a remnant to continue their existence. Fortunately, most of the trees survived the stresses caused by the moths.

I think what happened to the caterpillars could easily happen to us. I hate to say it, but we could probably be overdue for a "thinning" out. Just because we are the dominant species on the planet right now does not guarantee it will remain so.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 29, 2016, 10:13:32 PM
As my last post (Reply #54) shows an image of Neo as the "Blind Messiah" influencing the world outside of the Matrix (while on his way to the Machine City); I thought that I would edit one of my posts from the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread to address how:
(a) The Holoborg Interpretation of the theory of everything results in the universe effectively acting like a Matrix resulting from the interconnection of "free will";
(b) How the Holoborg Interpretation of the Establishment of Mindfulness, illustrates how the establishment of mindfulness (say by the "Blind Messiah" or say by Metteyya) could allow such an individual to influence time & space by influencing the interconnections of "free will";
(c) How the development of Artificial Wisdom with future computers could facilitate the establishment of Holoborg mindfulness; and
(d) How such concepts could help in the fight against climate change:
As discussed in the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread, the Holoborg Interpretation of the theory of everything, ToE, is that the interconnection of free will creates changing information that results in a dynamic Holographic Multiverse; which can be conceived as an information theory model where the bytes of changing/dynamic information (due to free will) form strings/membranes resulting in an illusion of a String Theory/Holographic Multiverse.  This multiverse contains suffering (including climate change) due to ignorance associated with aggregates-of-clinging/formations/ego (similar to the ignorance/errors from incomplete Frequentist process-based climate change models); and that Vipassana meditation offers a path to the cessation of such suffering leading to Nibbana (Nirvana).

In the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread, I have noted that in his book "How to Create a Mind The Secret of Human Thought Revealed", Ray Kurzweil studies the human mind as a guide for the development of more effective AI; and I have noted that Kurzweil's limited understanding of the mind limits the full effectiveness of his AI development efforts.  Also, I have noted that in his book "Born to be Good The Science of a Meaningful Life" Dacher Keltner studies how evolution has developed emotions within the human mind, which guide (and misguide) our lives; and that a meaningful life can be lived through mindfulness (& he concludes that a sense of awe can help one find ones place in the larger scheme of things).

Thus I offer the following information both as a guide to develop more effective AI models and a guide to develop more effective climate change models.
 
Regarding the first objective, I suggest that researchers (such as Kurzweil) expand their efforts from pure AI to Artificial Wisdom (via AI module + AWE module) = AW.
Where: AWE = Artificial Wisdom & Evo-emotions (evolutionarily developed emotions)

Regarding the second objective, I suggest that researchers (such as the developers of ACME) expand their efforts from advanced Earth Systems Models, ESMs, projections to Reduced-error Inductive Projections (via ESM module (at 95% CL) + DIB module) = RIP.
Where: DIB, Dynamic Inductive Bayesian, modules use all dynamic probability density functions, D-PDFs, for all available feedback mechanisms beyond those used in the 95%CL ESM module.

Currently, researchers appear to have little idea of how to program for wisdom (and thus do not know how to program an AWE module), nor do they have much idea of how to program a RIP, or a DIB, module.

Therefore, I have prepared the first schematic that provides a Holoborg Interpretation of how Vipassana meditation uses "atapi sampanjo satima, vineyya loke abhijjhadomanassesam" (ardent awareness and constant through understanding impermanence, having removed craving and aversions to the world of mind and matter), to enhance signal recognition (perception) in a dynamic noisy world (of mind & matter) in order to allow free will to recursively find wisdom (reduced error) by observing impermanence (associated with the Holoborg Interpretation concept of the free will producing changing information) using real-time observations by reducing error/ignorance, leading to a reduction in suffering (and from there to Nibbana).

In order to help decipher this first schematic (which is very rough & incomplete), I offer the second attached image that better illustrates the complex nature of the 5 Aggregates of Clinging, so that I can note that enhancing signal recognition by enhancing perception of 6 Sense Spheres allows free will to avoid reaction (due the wisdom gained by proper understanding of impermanence), resulting in an iterative reduction in the formation of sankharas.  Furthermore, to help decipher this last run-on sentence I provide the following information/links from the Internet on this subject:

"atapi sampajano satima:.

atapi = burner who is working hard
sampajanyam = equanimity (from the wisdom of understanding change in real time while observing body in body, sensations in sensations, mind in mind and mental contents in mental contents)
sati = awareness

The Buddha said: "Sampajanyam nahi rinchati" - Do NOT forget sensations.

Four paths to right awareness:
1) Observing body in body
2) Observing sensations in sensations
3) Observing mind in mind
4) Observing mental contents in mental contents"


"Whenever the Buddha was asked to describe sati (mindfulness or awareness), his explanation invariably included the term sampajañña.

Katam ca, bhikkhave, samma-sati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kaye kayanupassi viharati atapi sampajano satima, vineyya loke abhijjha-domanassam.

And what, meditators, is right awareness? Here, a meditator dwells ardently, with constant thorough understanding and right awareness, observing the body in the body, having removed craving and aversion towards this world (of mind and matter).

From this it becomes evident that according to the Buddha, whenever there is samma-sati or satipatthana, it is always with sampajañña. That means it is with pañña (wisdom). Otherwise it is mere sati, which is mere remembrance or awareness.

In the Sutta Pitaka, the Buddha gave two explanations of the term sampajañña. In the Samyutta-nikaya the Buddha defines sampajano as follows:

Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sampajano hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vidita vedana uppajjanti, vidita upatthahanti, vidita abbhattham gacchanti; vidita sañña uppajjanti, vidita upahahanti, vidita abbhattham gacchanti; vidita vitakka uppajjanti, vidita upatthahanti, vidita abbhattham gacchanti. Evam kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sampajano hoti.

And how, meditators, does a meditator understand thoroughly? Herein, meditators, a meditator knows sensations arising in him, knows their persisting, and knows their vanishing; he knows perceptions arising in him, knows their persisting, and knows their vanishing; he knows each initial application (of the mind on an object) arising in him, knows its persisting, and knows its vanishing. This, meditators, is how a meditator understands thoroughly."

The following link discusses "Sankhara":
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sa%E1%B9%85kh%C4%81ra (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sa%E1%B9%85kh%C4%81ra)

Extract: "Saṅkhāra (Pali; Sanskrit saṃskāra) is a term figuring prominently in Buddhism. The word means 'that which has been put together' and 'that which puts together'.
In the first (passive) sense, saṅkhāra refers to conditioned phenomena generally but specifically to all mental "dispositions". These are called 'volitional formations' both because they are formed as a result of volition and because they are causes for the arising of future volitional actions. English translations for saṅkhāra in the first sense of the word include 'conditioned things,' 'determinations,' 'fabrications' and 'formations' (or, particularly when referring to mental processes, 'volitional formations').
In the second (active) sense of the word, saṅkhāra refers to that faculty of the mind/brain apparatus (sankhara-khandha) that puts together those formations.

When preliminary nibbana with substrate occurs (that is, nibbana of a living being), constructive consciousness, that is, the house-builder, is completely destroyed and no new formations will be constructed. However, sankharas in the sense of constructed consciousness, which exists as a 'karmically-resultant-consciousness' (vipāka viññāna), continue to exist."

The following link discusses "Metta":

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mett%C4%81 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mett%C4%81)

Extract: "Mettā (Pali) or maitrī (Sanskrit) is benevolence, friendliness, amity, friendship, good will, kindness, close mental union (on same mental wavelength), and active interest in others. It is one of the ten pāramīs of the Theravāda school of Buddhism, and the first of the four sublime states (Brahmavihāras). Mettā is love without the suffering that arises from attachment (known as upādāna)."

The following link discusses "The Twelve Nidanas":

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelve_Nid%C4%81nas (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelve_Nid%C4%81nas)

Extract: "The Twelve Nidānas (Pali/Sanskrit: nidāna "cause, foundation, source or origin") are an application of the Buddhist concept of pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination). They identify the origin of dukkha (suffering) to be in avidyā (ignorance)."

If other Pali words, or concepts, do not make sense then feel free to use Wikipedia to gain more insight, as I believe that I have provide enough background to make the following two points.
1. As Google now searches the entire Internet to provide input to its AI program(s) to recognition patterns/signals in the data; researchers could connect a strong Vipassana meditator to an AWE module in order acquire a priori and to calibrate the iterative process of error reduction (cessation of suffering).
2. As ESMs use 95% CL models of feedback mechanisms, all climate change researchers could be required to link their raw data to the Internet, so that web-based AW computer system could calibrate DIB, Dynamic Inductive Bayesian, modules use all dynamic probability density functions, D-PDFs, for all available feedback mechanisms beyond those used in the 95%CL ESM module.

Finally I note that AI, AWE, ESM and the RIP modules would theoretically all work better using an advanced quantum computer (which should be available in a few decades time).

Edit, see also the linked video entitled "Ledi Sayadaw: Promotion of Meditation in Burma":

https://www.coursera.org/learn/buddhist-meditation/lecture/CLGAj/ledi-sayadaw-the-promotion-of-meditation-in-burma-erik-braun (https://www.coursera.org/learn/buddhist-meditation/lecture/CLGAj/ledi-sayadaw-the-promotion-of-meditation-in-burma-erik-braun)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Iceismylife on August 30, 2016, 12:19:23 AM
You have to do it all yourself or you can't do it.

The linked videos indicate that the strong individual mythology in capitalism is an illusion for most people, as the approach that Trump is promoting, where he encourages his follower to believe that by "putting on airs/posturing" (or by acting like Donald Trump) they can protect themselves from a hostile uncertain world by benefitting at the expense of others.  This approach is promoted by modern capitalism as explained in the following linked videos entitled: "The Paradox of Choice" and "Smile or Die".

The Paradox of Choice:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bqMY82xzWo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bqMY82xzWo)

&

Smile or die:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5um8QWWRvo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5um8QWWRvo)
http://www.city-data.com/forum/42766415-post283.html (http://www.city-data.com/forum/42766415-post283.html)

Something to think about.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: TerryM on August 30, 2016, 04:14:44 PM
IIML
The musical chairs piece is very apropos. Providing the equivalent of a stool for the dispossessed while tracking down the chair thief is rational. Pointing, laughing, or shielding our eyes while ignoring the empty space that once held a chair only encourages the next round of chair thieves.
Terry
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 30, 2016, 06:11:04 PM
In Reply #59, I go to some length to explain that sati (Pali for mindfulness or awareness, see the first Wikipedia link) needs to be understood in context of: atapi (ardency) sampajano (proper understanding equanimity in the face of constant change) satima (remaining constantly aware/mindful); as Sati is a metaphor for salvation in the Matrix movies.

In the beginning of Matrix Revolutions the little Indian girl Sati saves Neo from death (at the end of Reloaded) by guiding him to limbo (i.e. Mobil Ave or the Train Station) where he encounters an Indian 'family', see the first image.  Rama-Kandra (the father) and his wife (Kamala), who are both programs, have created a daughter, Sati.  To the Architect's way of thinking Sati is a program without purpose and will be deleted from the machine mainframe unless her parents can hide her.   They make a deal with The Merovingian to smuggle Sati into the Matrix, where The Oracle will care for her (see the second image).  Why do these programs care what happens to Sati? Why did they create her in the first place? The movie indicates that the answer is unconditional love (see the third image, which correlates Sati with the randomness created by the Oracle).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sati_(Buddhism)

Extract: " Sati (in Pali;  Sanskrit: smṛti) is mindfulness or awareness, a spiritual or psychological faculty (indriya) that forms an essential part of Buddhist practice. It is the first factor of the Seven Factors of Enlightenment. "Correct" or "right" mindfulness

Bhikkhu Bodhi also points to the meaning of "sati" as "memory":
The word derives from a verb, sarati, meaning “to remember,” and occasionally in Pali sati is still explained in a way that connects it with the idea of memory. But when it is used in relation to meditation practice, we have no word in English that precisely captures what it refers to. An early translator cleverly drew upon the word mindfulness, which is not even in my dictionary. This has served its role admirably, but it does not preserve the connection with memory, sometimes needed to make sense of a passage.

The practice of mindfulness supports analysis resulting in the arising of wisdom (Pali: paññā, Sanskrit: prajñā)

In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta, sati and sampajañña are combined with atappa (Pali; Sanskrit: ātapaḥ), or "ardency," and the three together comprise yoniso manisikara (Pali; Sanskrit: yoniśas manaskāraḥ), "appropriate attention" or "wise reflection.""


In the way of backstory, the Matrix trilogy is a story about the doctrine salvation (soteriology), using the Bhagavad Gita about the battle of Dharma-Yudhha to establish dharma (dhamma in Pali can be taken as the laws of the universe, and proper understanding those laws can lead to timeless Nibbana) as an action packed spiritual inspiration; and the following linked Wikipedia link explains that the Gita is a synthesis of Hindi, Buddhist, Jain and yogic soteriologies together with Indian, Greek, Iranian and Kushan cultures.

Sati's father Rama Kandra, (usually Ramchandra) was an incarnation of Vishnu in Hinduism. He destroyed demons in his quest to rid the world of evil.  Sati's mother Kamala is another name for Laksmi; which, is the Hindu goddess of wealth and good fortune. The Rama Kandra family are closely tied to the themes of Hinduism, including the Bhagavad Gita, in the Matrix.  The Merovingian is a decadent aristocrat who rules the 'underworld', like Hades from Greek mythology. Hades was also the character who stole Persephone (the Merovingian's wife) and forced her to live with him in Hell.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhagavad_Gita

Extract: "The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Lord Krishna. Facing the duty as a warrior to fight the Dharma Yudhha or righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is counselled by Lord Krishna to "fulfill his Kshatriya (warrior) duty as a warrior and establish Dharma." Inserted in this appeal to kshatriya dharma (chivalry) is "a dialogue ... between diverging attitudes concerning methods toward the attainment of liberation (moksha)". The Bhagavad Gita was exposed to the world through Sanjaya, who senses and cognizes all the events of the battlefield. Sanjaya is Dhritarashtra's advisor and also his charioteer.

The so-called "Hindu Synthesis" emerged during the early Classical period (200 BCE - 300 CE) of Hinduism.

It developed in interaction with other religions and peoples:
The emerging self-definitions of Hinduism were forged in the context of continuous interaction with heterodox religions (Buddhists, Jains, Ajivikas) throughout this whole period, and with foreign people (Yavanas, or Greeks; Sakas, or Scythians; Pahlavas, or Parthians; and Kusanas, or Kushans) from the third phase on [between the Mauryan empire and the rise of the Guptas].

The Bhagavad Gita is the sealing achievement of this Hindu Synthesis, incorporating various religious traditions.

Deutsch and Dalvi note that the authors of the Bhagavad Gita "must have seen the appeal of the soteriologies both of the "heterodox" traditions of Buddhism and Jainism and of the more "orthodox" ones of Samkhya and Yoga", while the Brahmanic tradition emphasised "the significance of dharma as the instrument of goodness"."

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dharma-yuddha

In the Holoborg Interpretation of ToE, metaphors like the programs Rama Kandra and Kamala represent sub-systems/sub-structures of "free will" within the larger universal law of dhamma, while Sati brings unconditioned expression of "free will" in each new moment as represented by a child's fresh view of the world (see the fourth image).  However, as sati also means memory its freshness can only be understood in term of the endless process of atapi sampajano satima (or "wise reflection."); which is why the Oracle keeps reminding Neo that he has already made his choice but now needs to understand why.  I also note that in the Holoborg Interpretation of ToE, the illusion of time is created by experiencing a sub-set of the full "Matrix" of free will interconnections, and the illusion of self/ego that one experiences in such a sub-set embedded in time creates the memory, while the process of atapi sampajano satima creates a new cycle of liberation/salvation.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on August 31, 2016, 11:29:37 PM
The Holoborg Interpretation of the Theory of Everything, HIOTTOE, assumes that all functioning humans can become enlightened by means of their own/individual proper effort/work (atapi), equanimity (sampajano/understanding) and free will (sati/insight/awareness). However, in HIOTTOE the physical laws (or dhamma) of the holographic universe is based on fundamental information transferred from one point of free will to another, where the number of free will points can be estimated using information theory and Shannon entropy (note that the work performed by Maxwell's Demon to change Shannon entropy can be associated with atapi; while the number and configuration of interconnections between free will points can be associated with sampajano; and the fundamental interconnection between points can be associated with sati).  Thus information theory can be used to estimate the number of free will points required to create the universe that we observe.

In first attached image from the first linked Wikipedia article indicates that Shannon entropy H (where H is named after Boltzmann's H-theorem, see the second link) can be determine by the formula where pi is the probability of character number i showing up in a stream of characters of the given "script" (where the character is the information transmitted in the interconnections).

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Shannon_entropy (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Shannon_entropy)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H-theorem (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H-theorem)

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(information_theory) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(information_theory))

Extract: "In information theory, systems are modeled by a transmitter, channel, and receiver. The transmitter produces messages that are sent through the channel. The channel modifies the message in some way. The receiver attempts to infer which message was sent. In this context, entropy (more specifically, Shannon entropy) is the expected value (average) of the information contained in each message. 'Messages' can be modeled by any flow of information.
In a more technical sense, there are reasons (explained below) to define information as the negative of the logarithm of the probability distribution. The probability distribution of the events, coupled with the information amount of every event, forms a random variable whose expected value is the average amount of information, or entropy, generated by this distribution. Units of entropy are the shannon, nat, or hartley, depending on the base of the logarithm used to define it, though the shannon is commonly referred to as a bit.
The logarithm of the probability distribution is useful as a measure of entropy because it is additive for independent sources. For instance, the entropy of a coin toss is 1 shannon, whereas of m tosses it is m shannons. Generally, you need log2(n) bits to represent a variable that can take one of n values if n is a power of 2. If these values are equally probable, the entropy (in shannons) is equal to the number of bits. Equality between number of bits and shannons holds only while all outcomes are equally probable."

Named after Boltzmann's Η-theorem, Shannon defined the entropy Η (Greek letter Eta) of a discrete random variable X with possible values {x1, …, xn} and probability mass function P(X)…"


However, as Quantum Information theory confirms that Shannon Entropy can be related to thermodynamic entropy which is equal to the natural logarithm of the number of microscopic system configurations times the Boltzmann constant (see the third linked article). 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy)

Extract: "In thermodynamics, entropy (usual symbol S) is a measure of the number of microscopic configurations Ω that correspond to a thermodynamic system in a state specified by certain macroscopic variables. Specifically, assuming that each of the microscopic configurations is equally probable, the entropy of the system is the natural logarithm of that number of configurations, multiplied by the Boltzmann constant kB (which provides consistency with the original thermodynamic concept of entropy discussed below, and gives entropy the dimension of energy divided by temperature)."

But the fourth linked Wikipedia article indicates the Boltzmann constant can be related to Avogadro's constant; which thus indicates that the number of free will points is proportional to 6.022140857 x 1023  (Six-hundred thousand billion billion points of free will). This makes for a lot of sub-systems that can create illusions (of time, space, etc.) and that one needs to acknowledge via sati to become one with everything (see the last three images from The Matrix); or else one might move in the other direction and create more entropy (more suffering via a poorly trained Maxwell's Demon (atapi) and an incorrect understanding of the universal laws).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avogadro_constant (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avogadro_constant)

Extract: "In chemistry and physics, the Avogadro constant (named after the scientist Amedeo Avogadro) is the number of constituent particles, usually atoms or molecules, that are contained in the amount of substance given by one mole. Thus, it is the proportionality factor that relates the molar mass of a compound to the mass of a sample. Avogadro's constant, often designated with the symbol NA or L, has the value 6.022140857(74)×1023 mol−1 in the International System of Units (SI).

Avogadro's constant is a scaling factor between macroscopic and microscopic (atomic scale) observations of nature. As such, it provides the relation between other physical constants and properties. For example, based on 2014 CODATA values, it establishes the following relationship between the gas constant R and the Boltzmann constant kB,
...
and the Faraday constant F and the elementary charge e,
...
The Avogadro constant also enters into the definition of the unified atomic mass unit, u,…"

See also:
http://acsweb.ucsd.edu/~wfedus/pdf/courses/210a_assignment.pdf (http://acsweb.ucsd.edu/~wfedus/pdf/courses/210a_assignment.pdf)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 01, 2016, 11:47:10 AM
While many of these posts seem either esoteric, and/or speculative, at best; nevertheless, with continued progress on both ToE (see Susskind's work linked below) and Quantum Information theory (see the links about Maxwell's Demon below), some of the points made could help to calibrate future efforts to develop quantum Artificial Intelligence, AI, and Artificial Wisdom, AW:

The first linked reference not only provides possible insights in how to move beyond the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics and how to unite the General Theory of Relativity with Quantum Theory:

Leonard Susskind (2016), "Copenhagen vs Everett, Teleportation, and ER=EPR"

Abstract: "Quantum gravity may have as much to tell us about the foundations and interpretation of quantum mechanics as it does about gravity. The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics and Everett's Relative State Formulation are complementary descriptions which in a sense are dual to one another. My purpose here is to discuss this duality in the light of the of ER=EPR conjecture."

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.02589v2.pdf (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.02589v2.pdf)

Extract: "Sooner or later we will have to give up the security of an asymptotically cold boundary, and formulate a theory in which the universe is a highly interconnected network of entangled subsystems, with no preferred uber-observer. I expect that when this happens ER=EPR will take its place as one of the cornerstones of the new theory.
What all of this suggests to me, and what I want to suggest to you, is that quantum mechanics and gravity are far more tightly related than we (or at least I) had ever imagined. The essential nonlocalities of quantum mechanics - the need for instantaneous communication in order to classically simulate entanglement - parallels the nonlocal potentialities of general relativity: ER=EPR."

See also:
http://www.sciencealert.com/this-new-equation-might-finally-unite-the-two-biggest-theories-in-physics-says-physicist (http://www.sciencealert.com/this-new-equation-might-finally-unite-the-two-biggest-theories-in-physics-says-physicist)


Also see:
https://www.edge.org/conversation/lee_smolin-leonard_susskind-smolin-vs-susskind-the-anthropic-principle (https://www.edge.org/conversation/lee_smolin-leonard_susskind-smolin-vs-susskind-the-anthropic-principle)
https://www.closertotruth.com/contributor/leonard-susskind/profile (https://www.closertotruth.com/contributor/leonard-susskind/profile)

Also, in the future Maxwell's Demon (as a metaphor for the relationship between the extraction of work from a system and the information about this system) will not only allow for the design of more efficient cooling & energy extraction systems; but will also facilitate the use of AI to create a more sustainable global socio-economic system (with less waste by improved use of information):

http://motherboard.vice.com/read/physicists-test-maxwells-demon-with-beams-of-light-2 (http://motherboard.vice.com/read/physicists-test-maxwells-demon-with-beams-of-light-2)

Extract: "The demon’s ability to create this temperature difference without the expenditure of work appeared to Maxwell to be in violation of the second law of thermodynamics, which states that two bodies of different temperature, when brought into contact with one another in isolation from the rest of the universe, will establish a thermodynamic equilibrium. Another way of putting this is that in an isolated system, entropy never decreases—although Maxwell’s hypothetical did in fact seem to allow the entropy of the system to decrease.

In the years since Maxwell initially proposed his hypothetical, physicists have managed to satisfactorily explain away the evident paradox of Maxwell’s demon. According to some of these physicists’ explanations, although Maxwell’s demon is not directly doing work on the system, it is extracting information about the system by sorting the molecules. The process of extracting this information about the system is a form of work, and therefore the entropy of the system does in fact increase in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics.

Although physicists were able to show that Maxwell’s paradox didn’t actually violate the second law of thermodynamics, the exact nature of the relationship between the extraction of work from a system and the information about this system acquired through measurements which explained the paradox was not that well understood. This was the relationship that the Oxford team hoped to elucidate with their photonic demon.



According to the team, its experiment is the first step toward gaining a better understanding of how thermodynamics plays out on microscales. A better understanding of the link between information and thermodynamics could have a variety of real world applications, ranging from more efficient cooling and energy extraction systems to application in quantum information technologies.

“Personally I think that sort of technology will have a real impact on meeting the energy challenge facing the world,” said Dahlsten. “We are already thinking of ways in which features such as entanglement can be introduced in future experiments based on this one, as our interests gravitate around quantum information.”"

See also:
http://phys.org/news/2016-02-physicists-photonic-maxwell-demon.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-02-physicists-photonic-maxwell-demon.html)

&

Mihai D. Vidrighin, et al. "Photonic Maxwell's Demon." Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.050401

http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.050401 (http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.050401)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 02, 2016, 06:39:03 PM
As a follow-on to my Reply #63 (where I demonstrate that in the HIOTTOE the number of free will points required to create our observed universe is proportional to Avogadro's constant, see the first image of the formula for Shannon entropy and the second image of the formula for thermal entropy based on statistics), I would like to emphasize just how fundamental this constant is by noting that:

1) The Avogadro constant enters into the definition of the unified atomic mass unit, u; and under the current definitions of the International System of Units (SI), a measurement of the Avogadro constant is an indirect measurement of the Planck constant, h.

2) The Avogadro constant can be used to calculate the elementary charge of an electron, e and the gas constant, R.

3) Measurement of the Avogadro constant, can be correlated to measurement of: the proton-electron mass ratio, the molar mass constant, the Rydberg constant, the speed of light and the fine structure constant.

See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avogadro_constant (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avogadro_constant)


Edit: The linked Wikipedia article elaborates on how the "devil is in the details" of how entropy relates to the definitions of the system(s) under consideration:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_in_thermodynamics_and_information_theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_in_thermodynamics_and_information_theory)

Extract: "Dissatisfaction with the Von Neumann entropy from quantum information points of view has been expressed by Stotland, Pomeransky, Bachmat and Cohen, who have introduced a yet different definition of entropy that reflects the inherent uncertainty of quantum mechanical states. This definition allows distinction between the minimum uncertainty entropy of pure states, and the excess statistical entropy of mixtures.
...
Ultimately, the criticism of the link between thermodynamic entropy and information entropy is a matter of terminology, rather than substance. Neither side in the controversy will disagree on the solution to a particular thermodynamic or information-theoretic problem."

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_brain (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_brain)

&

Astashenok, A.V., Yurov, A.V. & Yurov, V.V. (2016), "The possible resolution of Boltzmann brains problem in phantom cosmology", Gravit. Cosmol. 22: 212. doi:10.1134/S0202289316020031

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0202289316020031 (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S0202289316020031)

Abstract: "We consider the well-known Boltzmann brains problem in the framework of simple phantom energy models with little rip and big rip singularities. It is shown that these models (i) satisfy the observational data and (ii) may be free from the Boltzmann brains problem. Human observers in phantom models can exist only during a certain period t < tf (tf is the lifetime of the universe) via the Bekenstein bound. If the fraction of unordered observers in this part of the universe history is negligible as comparison with ordered observers, than the Boltzmann brains problem does not appear. The bounds on model parameters derived from such a requirement do not contradict to the allowable range according to the observational data."


Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 03, 2016, 11:57:55 PM
In "Paradise Lost" Milton coins the phase "… as proud as Lucifer".  Lucifer (Morning Star) is a metaphor for falling from grace due to pride, and in the Matrix Revolutions, Lucifer is represented by the Merovingian who presides over the "Hel Club".  Morpheus, Trinity & Seraph descend into this metaphorical Hell to fight (see the first image) to save their friend Neo, who is trapped by the Trainman, who is a metaphor for the ferryman who works for Hades/Lucifer/the Merovingian to transfer souls. 

As The Matrix recurrently focuses on the many transitions one makes while fighting to overcome uncertainty/ignorance, I focus in this post on Seraph (who in the Bible/Tora/Kabbalah is a Seraphim, or a high angels who act go-betweens mankind and God), see the following three Wikipedia links and associated extracts.  In the phrase/process "atapi sampajano satima", Seraph could be thought of as atapi/effort, the energetic/burning messenger between mankind and higher understanding/insight (sampajano/satima) who also authenticates the truth from illusion (i.e. challenge-response authentication).  In Revolutions Seraph had formerly been a protégé of the Merovingian (i.e. they were both fallen angels); but Seraph rebelled (against hedonistic clinging/craving) and came to protect both the Oracle & Sati (insight).

In Kabbalah, the seraphim are continually "burning-up" in selflessness; and in the HIOTTOE atapi results in a "burning-up" of illusion/ego/pride leading to an understanding /equinity and reflected wisdom/insight regarding the constantly changing nature of the reality resulting from the interfaces between soulless-free will in an information network (or holographic universe).  In a quantum information sense Seraph can be thought of a Maxwell's Demon (see the second, third & fourth images) energetically fighting entropy and burning with a glowing light (as seen by Neo).
Further, I note that in Reply #20 I pointed-out that the Buddha thought that following his death that mankind would become less skillful about how to gain infight on how to overcome uncertainty; which seems to be the case (even though we have become technologically more skillful).   Hopefully, mankind will learn how to better fight against wicked problems like climate change after the coming singularity, so that they can selflessly return to the paradise that they lost without the pride of Lucifer:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seraph_(The_Matrix)

"Whoever he summons, he first tests that person with another battle, in order to "test his/her heart's resolve" (or, more technically, a Challenge-response authentication).
In Revolutions, Trinity and Morpheus meet with the Oracle so that she can help them locate Neo. She explains that he lies within a place that is neither the Matrix nor the Machine world: a construct created by the Trainman, who works for the Merovingian. Seraph leads Morpheus and Trinity into the Megacity's subway system in search of the Trainman, but he eludes them in a foot chase and exchange of gunfire. The three then track down the Merovingian at his decadent nightclub, Club Hel.

During the assault on Hel's gates, Seraph is referred as "wingless", by one of the guards and the Merovingian refers to him as "his protégé". The three make their way to the club and defeat a number of the Merovingian's guards. The Merovingian calls him the "Prodigal Child" returning and "Judas", suggesting that Seraph betrayed the Merovingian to serve the Oracle. He also calls Seraph "L'ange sans ses ailes", which is French for "The angel without its wings."

Later, Seraph tries to flee with Sati, a program seeking refuge in the Matrix, from the increasingly powerful Smith. In due course, Smith catches up to them. Seraph mentions that he has defeated Smith in the past; nonetheless, Smith assimilates them and the Oracle, gaining her powers of precognition, adding three more copies of himself to his growing collective of Smiths.
Upon Smith's destruction at Neo's hands, all the programs and minds that Smith has infiltrated are freed from his influence, including Seraph's. He meets the Oracle in a park as Sati creates a beautiful sunrise in Neo's honor.

… it was revealed that Seraph had been an Agent of the first iteration of the Matrix (the Seraphim), who resembled angels. He had ended up in the employment of the Merovingian, where he had remained for some time. After an unknown period of being an enforcer for him, he had rebelled, and had been tortured, his wings removed. It has not been revealed how he escaped.

Seraph is a biblical allusion to the first of nine orders of angels, the Seraphim (singular Seraph). This allusion is also evidenced by the fire-like appearance of Seraph when Neo sees him in his coded form. It is also hinted when the Merovingian's guards state that he is "wingless." The word 'seraph' comes from the Hebrew word saraph meaning 'burning one'."


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seraph

Extract: "A seraph (/ˈsɛr.əf/, "the burning one"; pl. seraphs or seraphim /ˈsɛr.ə.fɪm/, in the King James Version also seraphims (plural); Hebrew: שָׂרָף śārāf, plural שְׂרָפִים śərāfîm; Latin: seraphim and seraphin (plural), also seraphus (-i, m.); Greek: σεραφείμ serapheím) is a type of celestial or heavenly being in Christianity and Judaism. The singular "seraph" is a back-formation from the plural "seraphim", whereas in Hebrew the singular is "saraph".

Seraphim appear in the 2nd-century BC Book of Enoch where they are mentioned, in conjunction with cherubim, as the heavenly creatures standing nearest to the throne of God. They are also called the Ikisat (Ethiopic: አክይስት — "serpents", "dragons"; an alternate term for Hell) which, along with the cherubim and Paradise, are under the rule of Gabriel.

In Kabbalah, the seraphim are the higher angels of the World of Beriah ("Creation", first created realm, divine understanding), whose understanding of their distance from the absolute divinity of Atziluth causes their continual "burning up" in self-nullification. Through this they ascend to God, and return to their place.

Christian theology developed an idea of seraphim as beings of pure light who enjoy direct communication with God."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 04, 2016, 03:53:31 PM
As the Matrix focuses on transitions to overcome uncertainties, it is worth noting that there are primarily two scientific approaches to dealing with uncertainties, which are the Frequentist and the Bayesian approaches.  The Frequentist approach is dominated by statistics derived from experiments to estimate probability density functions, PDF, and if the experiment is constructed correctly then the associated statistically determined PDF my offer guidance on how to address coming issues.  The Bayesian approach assumes an existing PDF contains errors and that it must be refined via new information/data/observations in order to develop a closer approximation of the probabilities of coming events. 

While in theory the two approaches can yield equal scientific findings, in practice the Frequentist approach of its practitioners being "… as proud as Lucifer", that their statistically constructed PDF contains no errors by ignoring the reality that they do not understand (& thus are not considered by their experiment/model).   However, the Bayesian approach starts out by humbly acknowledging that their existing PDF contains errors that that new data must continuously be added in order to achieve a closer approximation of the true probabilities of uncertain coming events, and thus is more suitable for addressing wicked problems (like climate change).

In this regards, the linked article indicates that by evolving in a world full of wick problems the human brain/mind has been wired to be an expert "guessing machine".  Furthermore, this article indicates past attempts to use Frequentist-type of thinking has led to limited progress in understanding the wick problem of mental illness, and it finds that Bayesian analysis to be much more effective evaluation tool given the complexity of mental disorders.

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bayesian-reasoning-implicated-some-mental-disorders (https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bayesian-reasoning-implicated-some-mental-disorders)

Extract: "“The brain is a guessing machine, trying at each moment of time to guess what is out there,” says computational neuroscientist Peggy Seriès."

Furthermore, the Buddha Gotama developed the meditation practice of Vipassana (mindfulness/insight) to help rid the mind of mental illness; which inhibits one from living with the truth of reality.  In this regards, the Buddha Gotama never taught a religious doctrine.  He taught that there is "free will" but no soul, and while dhamma is awe inspiring, he taught that there is no magic in the universe, and that time and space are illusions.  Thus the HIOTTOE does not recognize a "God" beyond the truth of dhamma as an expression of information (as in information theory) transferred in a network  of 6.02 x 1023 points (with varying numbers of connections per point) of free will.  However, it does recognize patterns of sub-structures of the whole network (determined by rudimentary free will) that determine basic physical parameters of the universe that underlie some of the discussions about the Anthropic Principle.

That said, the Buddha Gotama died in (or around) 483BC, and his teachings have been misunderstood in the ensuing years, to the extent that for all of our technological advances, virtually everyone has lost the skills required to become a bodhisatta (an enlightened one).  However, the surviving teachings of Buddha Gotama's are clear that there are three types of Great Bodhisattas: (1) those in whom wisdom (panna) is predominant (such as the Buddha Gotama); (2) those in whom faith (saddha) is predominant; and (3) those in whom energy (viriya) is predominant.  The Great Bohisatta Metteyya is prophesized to be of the energy (viriya) type; which may (or may not) have significance as the projected "singularity" approaches.


Separately, and as a side note, the following linked Wikipedia article may offer some insight as to why Seraph (a challenge-response authentication, in information theory) is Chinese in the Matrix (instead of say Jewish):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuen_Woo-ping (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuen_Woo-ping)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 05, 2016, 09:23:34 AM
The linked article indicates that the theories of cosmic inflation, eternal chaotic inflation, multiverses and the "Many Worlds" interpretation, all result logically from quantum theory and the Standard Model.  Such logic implies acceptance of the existence of an infinite number of infinities; which as Paul Davies states is essentially the same thing as accepting a magical universe where anything can happen.  Such considerations makes the Holoborg Interpretation seem much more reasonable as while it does invoke the use of "free will" it does not invoke the use of magical thinking:

http://www.space.com/31465-is-our-universe-just-one-of-many-in-a-multiverse.html (http://www.space.com/31465-is-our-universe-just-one-of-many-in-a-multiverse.html)

Extract: "What's the evidence for these theories of cosmic inflation, eternal chaotic inflation and multiple universes? It's challenging, to say the least, considering that cosmic inflation began and ended within the tiniest fraction of the first second of our universe's existence. And, eternal chaotic inflation, by definition, cannot be seen, as other universes, arguably generated by eternal chaotic inflation, are disconnected permanently from our universe.

Yet lines of corroborating evidence (beyond the elegance of the equations) have convinced many cosmologists to such a degree that cosmic inflation and eternal chaotic inflation have become, in essence, the "standard model" of cosmology. As for cosmic inflation, it seems to solve, at the same time, several, separate enigmas in the origin and structure of the universe (including the horizon problem I mentioned earlier). Moreover, cosmic inflation makes interesting predictions, especially about the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, a remnant of the Big Bang — predictions that have been confirmed and reconfirmed by increasingly precise data from satellites.

As for eternal chaotic inflation, it seems to be the unavoidable consequences of the mathematics of cosmic inflation: Once cosmic inflation starts, it seems impossible to stop. However, while there have been tantalizing hints of possible corroborating data, none is convincing (yet?).



"What string theory brings  is something about the number of possibilities," Susskind said. "But its numbers are far, far larger than the number of atoms in the universe — the number 10 to the 500 [10^500] gets bandied about. This does not mean 10^500 different pocket universes, but 10^500 different types of them in a string theory 'landscape' — each one being repeated over and over again [in different instances of the type]. So, on the one hand, string theory gives you the analog of the different number of ways of re-arranging a DNA molecule. What cosmic inflation theory gives you, on the other hand, is how do you bring these different [pocket] universes into existence?"

"That's why a multiverse of innumerable bubble or pocket universes can have a very wide variety of physical properties," Vilenkin said. "A property of inflation is that it will explore the whole landscape of these possibilities, or 'vacua,' because quantum mechanics allows tunneling through energy barriers to other minima. Moreover, quantum mechanics tells us that if a transition between two minima is not absolutely forbidden by some law, then it must inevitably happen. This means that all possible transitions between all possible states must happen."

Max Tegmark, a cosmologist at MIT, goes further. He envisions four kinds of multiverses that may exist, labeling them "Levels":

Level I: Space in our universe goes on far beyond that which we can see, and perhaps goes on forever — which would mean that infinitely many other regions exist in our own pocket universe, regions like our observable universe, where the laws of physics are the same.

Level II: Infinitely many other regions exist in the same space-time as that of our universe, but they are disconnected permanently from our own pocket universe, and within each of them the laws of physics are different (described by Linde's eternal chaotic inflation and potentially the string theory landscape).

Level III: A kind of space different from the space-time of our universe exists (called "Hilbert space," which is infinite-dimensional and abstract), where the laws of quantum mechanics generate multiple universes via innumerable branchings. (This is based on taking seriously the quantum wave function, which is a probability amplitude of the quantum state of the system.) The universe branches into different whole-world realities with every tick of time, whether at every Planck time, which is 10^-43 seconds (the time it takes a photon, traveling at the speed of light, to travel one Planck length, 10^-35 m), or at every instant of time when an observation is made. These other whole worlds would not be far away in terms of our kind of space — so in a sense they are right here — but branched out immensely into this different kind of (Hilbert) space. (This is the "many-worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics, devised by the then relatively unknown physicist Hugh Everett in 1957 and now enjoying new respectability.)

Level IV: Tegmark makes the extraordinary claim that every consistent system of mathematics describes some kind of existing world or universe. "It would seem odd if there were some basic asymmetry built into math," he told me, "such that some equations would be allowed to describe a physical universe and others would not. So my guess is that every mathematical structure which mathematicians can study is on the same footing and describes some kind of physical universe. I think that the reason that nature is so well-described by math is because in a very deep sense, nature really is math."


Tegmark's Level I is accepted by almost all cosmologists (i.e., space in our universe extends far beyond that which we can see with our best telescopes); his Level II has become the "standard model" of cosmology (i.e., the cosmic inflation of Guth leads to the eternal chaotic inflation of Linde, generating disconnected pocket universes continuously and forever); his Level III is speculative and controversial (i.e., quantum branching); and his Level IV, while idiosyncratic, seeks deep truths of existence (i.e., reality is mathematics).

Physicist Paul Davies, director of the Beyond Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science at Arizona State University, said he gives "two cheers [not the full three] for the multiverse," because "although there are good reasons for supposing that what we see may not be all that exists, the hypothesis falls far short of being a complete theory of existence." A multiverse, Davies said, is often presented as solving the mysteries of existence by assuming that if there are an infinite number of universes, then "everything is out there somewhere, so that's the end of the story.

"That is simply not true," Davies said, because to get a multiverse, you need a universe-generating mechanism, "something that's going to make all those Big Bangs go bang. You're going to need some laws of physics. All theories of the multiverse assume quantum physics to provide the element of spontaneity, to make the bangs happen. They assume pre-existing space and time. They assume the normal notion of causality, a whole host of pre-existing conditions." Davies said there are about "10 different basic assumptions" of physical laws that are required "to get the multiverse theory to work."

Davies then made his deep point. "OK, where did those laws all come from? What about those meta-laws that generate all the universes in the first place? Where did they come from? Then what about the laws or meta-laws that impose diverse local laws upon each individual universe? How do they work? What is the distribution mechanism?" Davies argues that the only thing the multiverse theory does is shift the problem of existence up from the level of one universe to the level of multiple universes. "But you haven't explained it," Davies asserted.

Davies dismissed the idea that "any universe you like is out there somewhere. I think such an idea is just ridiculous and it explains nothing. Having all possible universes is not an explanation, because by invoking everything, you explain nothing."

Davies' critique of the multiverse goes deeper. To explain the universe, he rejects "outside explanations," he said.

"I suppose, for me, the main problem [with a multiverse] is that what we're trying to do is explain why the universe is as it is by appealing to something outside of it," Davies told me. "In this case, an infinite number of multiple universes outside of our universe is used as the explanation for our universe."

Then Davies makes his damning comparison. "To me, multiverse explanations are no better than traditional religion, which appeals to an unseen, unexplained God — a God that is outside of the universe — to explain the universe. In fact, I think both explanations — multiverse and God — are pretty much equivalent." To Davies, this equivalence is not a compliment.

To be clear, a truly infinite universe means that anything that is not impossible (no matter how obscure) will happen, must happen and must happen, weirdly, an infinite number of times. An infinite universe goes on forever, not only generating uncountable variations, but also requiring each of the uncountable variations to occur an infinite number of times. That's the strange nature of a true infinity.

I agree with Davies: Something is amiss."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on September 05, 2016, 10:15:01 AM
ASLR:

I'm intrigued by this thread and have been following it for a while, but reading your extensive posts make my eyes glaze over. (No insult intended). Can you break this down into smaller pieces so that mere mortals like myself can understand it? Thanks.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 05, 2016, 10:36:48 AM
ASLR:

I'm intrigued by this thread and have been following it for a while, but reading your extensive posts make my eyes glaze over. (No insult intended). Can you break this down into smaller pieces so that mere mortals like myself can understand it? Thanks.

Essentially, I am saying that the universe is an information computer where the bits of information are formed by the expression of free will from a plane of latent free will that can be thought of as the dimpled plane of the string theory landscape shown in the attached image.

In this regards, I provide this post in order to expand on my previous explanations of the Holoborg (derived from the terms Holographic Universe [by Paul Davies] and cybernetics) Interpretation (which is based on information theory of signal communication in a universal information network).  I previously stated that relating Shannon entropy to thermodynamic entropy could imply that there are something like an Avogadro's number of expressed free will locations in the universal information network.  However, this number of locations of free will is smaller than the number of lines of interconnections in network (which are better formulated in terms of algorithmic information rather than Shannon information); which can be better bounded by examining the observed physical laws of nature as discussed in the linked paper by Paul Davies entitled: "The implications of a holographic universe for quantum information science and the nature of physical law":

http://power.itp.ac.cn/~mli/pdavies.pdf (http://power.itp.ac.cn/~mli/pdavies.pdf)

Abstract "Several lines of evidence suggest that the total information content of the observable universe is bounded by a finite number given by the area of a cosmological surface divided by the Planck area. This is referred to as the holographic principle. The current bound is roughly 10122 bits, but in the past it was smaller, varying like t2 in the early universe. Although the bound is too large today to affect most of everyday physics, it does have profound implications for highly complex systems and for cosmology. For example, the project to build a useful quantum computer, which is projected to exploit states possessing exponential complexity, comes into conflict with the information bound at a level of entanglement of about 400 qubits, suggesting a breakdown of unitary evolution at this threshold, possibly associated with the emergence of classicality. If the information bound is applied to the quantum vacuum, it yields an energy density close to the observed density of cosmological dark energy. However, because the bound is time dependent, the vacuum energy will vary in time too, and consistency with energy conservation then demands that G or c varies with time over cosmological time scales. Further sweeping implications follow if one adopts the philosophy that information is primary (‘the universe is a computer’), and that the laws of physics do not exist in a transcendent Platonic realm of perfect mathematical forms and operations, as is conventionally supposed, but are fundamentally tied to the real physical universe, with its finite age and resources, and subject to the holographic information bound. I suggest a generalization of the information bound based on this point of view, formulated in terms of algorithmic information theory, and briefly mention some of consequences for black holes and the inflationary universe scenario."


Extract: "Another example is provided by general relativity and cosmology, where surfaces of infinite red shift such as horizons are a familiar feature. Also, the inflationary universe scenario is based on a period of exponential growth in the cosmological scale factor. An important consistency check on the holographic theory concerns the derivation of black hole radiance, the starting point for holographic reasoning, on which Bekenstein’s ideas depend. Hawking’s original derivation of the thermal nature of black holes (Hawking 1975) involved an argument in which outgoing modes of a quantum field are propagated back in time to the in region prior to the collapse phase, and a suitable Bogoliubov transformation is computed. The effect of the gravitational field of the collapsing body is to exponentiate the wavelength of the outgoing modes, and this appears as an exponential phase factor in the modes; conversely, modes in the out region are exponentially blue shifted. The Bogoliubov transformation involves an integral taken over all field modes up to infinite frequency, which then yields the thermal nature of the spectrum of particles created by the black hole. But according to the information bound, the integral must be cut off when the exponential phase factor saturates the bound. The result of this is to replace the steady thermal radiance of the black hole with a brief pulse of radiation (Jacobson 1993). This is a familiar problem in the theory: Hawking’s Bogoliubov transformation includes an integration over trans-Planckian modes, so if a cut-off is imposed at, say, the Planck frequency then the thermal radiance goes away. Fortunately, the Hawking effect may be derived in several different ways, and although a rigorous treatment of this problem has not been carried out, there is good circumstantial evidence that the essentially thermal nature of black hole radiation will not be affected by truncating the high-frequency modes (Jacobson 1993). Similar considerations apply to the thermodynamic character of cosmological horizons.


Finally, let me turn to inflation. It is a key feature of the information bound that it is time dependent. In the past, the bound was smaller, and its effects on physics would have been greater. During the very early universe, the effects could have been significant, and may have left a trace on the structure of the universe that could be used to test the existence of the bound."

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_principle (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_principle)

Extract: "The holographic principle is a property of string theories and a supposed property of quantum gravity that states that the description of a volume of space can be thought of as encoded on a lower-dimensional boundary to the region—preferably a light-like boundary like a gravitational horizon. First proposed by Gerard 't Hooft, it was given a precise string-theory interpretation by Leonard Susskind who combined his ideas with previous ones of 't Hooft and Charles Thorn.

Shannon's efforts to find a way to quantify the information contained in, for example, an e-mail message, led him unexpectedly to a formula with the same form as Boltzmann's. In an article in the August 2003 issue of Scientific American titled "Information in the Holographic Universe", Bekenstein summarizes that "Thermodynamic entropy and Shannon entropy are conceptually equivalent: the number of arrangements that are counted by Boltzmann entropy reflects the amount of Shannon information one would need to implement any particular arrangement..." of matter and energy. The only salient difference between the thermodynamic entropy of physics and Shannon's entropy of information is in the units of measure; the former is expressed in units of energy divided by temperature, the latter in essentially dimensionless "bits" of information.
The holographic principle states that the entropy of ordinary mass (not just black holes) is also proportional to surface area and not volume; that volume itself is illusory and the universe is really a hologram which is isomorphic to the information "inscribed" on the surface of its boundary."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 05, 2016, 05:48:29 PM
As we approach the technological singularity between 2045 and 2050, it will matter quite a lot whether humanity realizes that per the Holographic Principle and quantum information theory (let alone the HIOTTOE) that the universe is a holographic computer following the laws of information theory (note that as far as I am concerned Vipassana is information theory, period).  As we approach the singularity with the advancement of the already existing quantum computers, AI will exponentially converge towards consciousness (note that per the HIOTTOE consciousness is an emergent property from the universal network of free will and is not something unique to mankind).  In this regards, it will matter quite a lot whether mankind works to develop AI software that deals with systemic uncertainties so as to limit systemic isolation resulting from the Frequentist approach resulting in being "… as proud as Lucifer". 
To put this in context of The Matrix trilogy:

(a) the Architect is comparable to Rama Kandra (or Ramchandra the incarnation of Vishnu) and the Oracle is comparable to Kamala (Sati's mother and the Hindu goddess of good fortune); however, without Sati (constant awareness/insight), these sub-routines within the Holographic Computer Universe (or HIOTTOE free will information network) leave the uncertainty that create craving/aversion (i.e. the Merovingian/Agent Smith) that cause suffering).

(b) Neo represents not only the Blind Messiah, but also free will itself, as in the HIOTTOE each expression of free will (think the dimples in the string theory landscape) has the choice (by atapi) to acknowledge other expressions of free will (think other dimples) thereby creating an interconnection (in the information theory sense).  An average expression of free will (which many religions mistakenly label souls, or ka, or atman or spirit, etc.) only makes enough effort for a few interconnections; but individuals like Neo (or the Buddha or Metteyya) make such an effort (in the atapi-sampajano-satima process) that they interconnect with most (or all) of the other expressions of free will (dimples in the landscape or strange attractors in chaos theory).  Thus when Neo makes a deal with the Deus Ex Machina to re-enter the Matrix (which is a metaphor for the pre-conditioned human mind controlled by Agent Smith (crony capitalism overshooting the Earth's sustainable systems) he overcomes Frequentist pride (that lives in the past and ignores sati) by acknowledging that sati (constant new data) is needed to correct the errors in our mind's pre-conditioning based on past experience; which destroys Agent Smith and temporarily frees the Matrix (i.e. the human mind) until the next cycle.  Note that at the end of Revolutions Sati creates a beautiful sunrise in the Matrix (happiness within the human mind) to thank Neo for his efforts (which the Architect emphasizes that this happiness is only temporary).

(c) In the HIOTTOE free will information theory network (Holographic Universal computer) sub-systems (like Seraph, the Architect, Agent Smith, etc.) all have more than average interconnections with other expressions of free will (and the number and patterns of these interconnections determine the physical laws/dhamma of the universe, see the algorithms that Paul Davies is working on to calibrate this correlation); yet they leave uncertainty that creates systemic isolation that is the topic of this thread (see also the threads on "Adapting to the Anthropocene" and "Human Stupidity (or Human Mental Illness"). Furthermore, we can choose to program quantum AI (as we near the singularity resulting in a Deus Ex Machina) with artificial wisdom by use of AWE (Bayesian acknowledgment that the priori contains errors and needs updating to create a new posterior PDF).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 05, 2016, 07:12:50 PM
As I pointed out previously, the holographic principle is a property of string theories and a supposed property of quantum gravity; and as such algorithms (that Paul Davies) can be used to relate the pattern & number of free will interconnections to both strings and to quantum gravity, calibrated by Susskind's new insights about ER = EPR (see Reply #64). However, the following quote indicates that free will makes the information network dynamic.

"If the (quantum) theory is to apply to anything but idealized laboratory operations, are we not obliged to admit that more or less measurement like processes are going on more or less all the time more or less everywhere?" J.S. Bell [see Bell, J.S. (1981), "Quantum mechanics for cosmologists" in Quantum Gravity 2, editors C. Isham, R. Penrose, and D. Sciama, Oxford, Clarendon Press]. 

In the HIOTTOE a measurement (which in the Copenhagen Interpretation collapses a probability function)  occurs with each "new" change in the expressions of free will interconnection patterns, I put "new" in quotes because in the pre-conditioned world that all non-enlightened individuals dwell sati is a memory because the expression of free will has already taken place and the individual only understands a sub-set of the larger universal network.  In this sense time is an emergent property of taking smaller sub-sets of the universal free will information network; and sati can be understood both as a memory within the sub-set or as an awareness of the newest expressions of free will by an enlightened individual.  I point out that per Paul Davies Holographic Universe work the speed of light in a young universe is different than today, & in the Holoborg Interpretation a younger universe is a sub-set of the full dynamic free will information network and thus has a different number and different pattern of interconnections resulting in different physical properties of the universe (such as a different speed of light, c).

Furthermore, I note that in the HIOTTOE at the "beginning" of time (think near the Big Bang) there was no expression of free will and the plane of latent free will was smooth and not dimpled.  However, in such smooth plane of latent free will it is extremely difficult for the latent free will locations to interconnect.  However, once some latent free will points express themselves they can then more readily interconnect with other locations in the plane, thus creating the illusion of cosmic inflation; while the illusion of eternal chaotic inflation, the illusion of the multiverse and the illusion of the "Many Worlds" Interpretation of quantum mechanics comes from a misunderstanding of the dynamic nature of the expression of free will and the illusion of time.

Edit:  I reiterate that when one skillfully (with reflected wisdom) employs the iterative process of atapi-sampajano-satima to remain at the dynamic frontier of the free will information network, one egolessly  becomes one with everything (which is why Neo stops being Neo after defeating Agent Smith) and dwells in the Nibbanic plane (the fully realized and dimpled plane of free will landscape).  In this sense the Hebrew word for the illusion of God is Elohim (plural) rather than El (singular), as what religion calls God is actually the sub-set of free will information network plane minus the dynamic expressions of free will for which sati is required to remain aware of; which is why the Seraphim are needed to circle God (see the Kabbala) & to act as interfaces/messengers (like Seraph) with mankind as fallen expressions of free will (like Neo).

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nirvana_(Buddhism)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 07, 2016, 12:20:25 AM
As the topic of systemic isolation can be confusing (hence the focus on transitions from one paradigm to another in the Matrix), in this post I elaborate on why the Frequentist approach is subject to being "… as proud as Lucifer", by focusing on pre-conditioning and dogma, including their relationship to both atapi-sampajano-satima and to the Frequentist/Bayesian dichotomy.  Pre-conditioning generally results in a dogma (whether scientific, religious, political, etc.) based on a Frequentist PDF based on limited data/experience/observations, that creates an illusion of understanding of truth (which is in reality is constantly changing per free will).  Such dogmatic "truth" (based on a Frequentist sampling of past observations), creates a margin of uncertainty where the dogmatic "truth" does not match changing (per free will) reality; and Frequentist thinking is subject to egotistically dealing with this uncertainty in one and/or another way(s).  Such dogmatic/egotistical thinking can:

(1) Publically ignore/deny the uncertainty thus absolving the egoistical authority from any responsibility for consequences associated with the uncertainty (when any Black Swan event happens); thus shirking any responsibility for negative consequences.

(2) Secretly acknowledge the uncertainty and then use craving/aversion to either take advantage of, or repress, those unaware of the associated risk, to the benefit of the egotistical authority (of the dogma).

Now if one were to dogmatically translate atapi-sampajano-satima as: making effort/understanding of Frequentist PDF/living life; then one would egotistically believe that one following the "truth" (whether of the Standard Scientific Model, or of God, or of the Political party line, etc.); however:

(a) Atapi is not mindless-effort, it is right-effort that is based on a burning free will to come into accord with an ever changing reality (due to the expression of all free will in the Nibbanic plane).

(b) Sampajano is not only an understanding of a posterior PDF, but also that any such posterior PDF must contain some error (if for no other reason other than the changing nature of free will in the Nibbanic plane); which creates both a sense of AWE (humility/egolessness in the face of a greater truth) and equanimity in the face of the need to accept change.

(c)  Satima is not only an awareness of life's activities (such as a circus girl walking a tightrope executing past training), but is an awareness/insight into the nature of the changes associated with free will expressed in the Nibbanic plane (whether fully understood or not).

In this sense the iterative process of atapi-sampajano-satima is Bayesian in nature where it is acknowledged openly (for the public/others) to see that the posterior PDF contains errors and that new observations are being made in order to reduce Shannon Entropy (i.e. to do more "good" and less "bad", by reducing systemic suffering as a whole; which thus reduces systemic isolation).

In this sense IPCC/CMIP5's process-based climate change projections egoistical grants authority to advise decision makers using "evidenced-based" science that either/or:

(1) Publically ignores/denies the right-tail of the climate change consequence PDF as being not "evidence-based" and subject to exaggeration/distortion.

(2) Privately and cravenly seek the favor of decision makers by manipulating the uncertainty (such as creating RCP 2.7 while ignoring forcing scenarios greater than RCP 8.5); or privately using reticence (aversion) to resist evidence at odds with the scientific consensus (such as  by publishing a carbon budget in AR5 that assumes that decision makers will deal with anthropogenic radiative forcing in time to use TCR to determine the carbon budget instead of either ECS or ESS, and to use climate sensitivity values based on group consensus rather than on a risk based analysis of Black Swan events, like ECS being 4.6C instead of 3.2C and of the early activation of slow response positive feedback mechanisms).

I note that the ACME project is now implementing a more Bayesian dominated approach to dealing with climate change uncertainties; and will seek to calibrate its model using rapidly changing weather events in order to try to better capture Earth System sensitivity to  chaotic strange attractors (like ENSO), that might have been poorly represented by earlier ESM projection that did not capture masking factors like:

 (a) Decadal fluctuations associated with Ocean Heat Uptake; and the associated influence of initial boundary conditions and of the initiation timeframe on projections in the coming decades.

(b) The efficiency of anthropogenic aerosol radiative forcing and associated feedback mechanisms.

(c) Scientific misinterpretation of paleo-data regarding the chaotic interaction of fast & slow feedback mechanisms.

(d) Scientific misunderstanding of the potential to accelerate slow response feedback mechanisms (and to degrade GHG absorption) by the application of radiative forcing rates over a hundred times fasters than observed in the paleo-record.

(e) Scientific reticence to accept Hansen et. al. (2016)'s ice-climate feedback mechanism and the risks of abrupt marine ice sheet collapse associated with DeConto & Pollard (2016)'s cliff failures and hydrofracturing mechanisms.

While the numerous coming Darwin Awards that may well be handed-out in the likely coming socio-economic collapse circa 2050-2060, may not appear to be the concern of Frequentist-dominated process-based decision makers who are "… as proud as Lucifer" of their decisions made in the face of "wicked" uncertainties; such decision makers would be well served to:

(1) Realize that they cannot effectively, systemically-isolate their children nor their grandchildren from the risk of global Black Swan sustainability events (including: high climate sensitivity, continued anthropogenic BAU (whether black or green) behavior, etc.).

(2) Admit that what have been publically classified as Black Swan sustainability (existential) events have been privately recognized to be Grey Swan events (witness document recently obtained from ExxonMobil & previously withheld from public view to maintain artificially high stock prices); so that systems including the global socio-economic market place can more correctly perform their function (including "invisible hand" functions without crony capitalistic bias; such as by applying a tax neutral progressive carbon fee).

(3) Admit humility (publically acknowledge a sense of awe) that mankind should not act as masters of the universe: free to ignorantly destroy other species (both fauna & flora); free to ignorantly implement geoengineering on an Earth System that they neither understand nor respect, nor free to rob future generations by leaving a degraded Earth, for others to deal with.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 08, 2016, 01:01:00 AM
While I have previously discussed the Holographic Paradigm before (see the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" Reply #139); the first three linked articles indicate that new experiments support David Bohm's "holographic paradigm" (including Implicate order) and string theories "holographic principle", both of which are implicit within the Holoborg Interpretation presented in this thread.

http://www.councilchronicle.com/quantum-oddities-orderly-universe/24165/ (http://www.councilchronicle.com/quantum-oddities-orderly-universe/24165/)
Extract: "Though we are at peace with the idea that the quantum world is dominated by randomness, recently spotted quantum oddities may hint at an orderly universe. Researchers believe that quantum mechanics may be the key to proving that the Universe is interconnected after all.

The idea belongs to an American theoretical physicist called David Bohm who suggested several decades ago that despite quantum physics’ weirdness, the reality behind it is astonishingly orderly. We fail to perceive this reality as it is because we lack the proper understanding of how quantum physics really works, Bohm argued."

See also:

http://www.ibtimes.com/quantum-weirdness-gives-way-intuitive-behavior-new-experiment-2316822 (http://www.ibtimes.com/quantum-weirdness-gives-way-intuitive-behavior-new-experiment-2316822)

Extract: "Now, a new version of the experiment, conducted by Steinberg’s team to incorporate the effect of entanglement, has demonstrated that far from “probabilistic smears,” particles at the quantum level can be seen as behaving something akin to billiard balls rolling along a table, and that the surreal behavior observed in the previous experiment is, in fact, caused by the “spooky” influence of the other particle."

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Implicate_and_explicate_order (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Implicate_and_explicate_order)

Extract: "The implicate order represents the proposal of a general metaphysical concept in terms of which it is claimed that matter and consciousness might both be understood, in the sense that it is proposed that both matter and consciousness: (i) enfold the structure of the whole within each region, and (ii) involve continuous processes of enfoldment and unfoldment. For example, in the case of matter, entities such as atoms may represent continuous enfoldment and unfoldment which manifests as a relatively stable and autonomous entity that can be observed to follow a relatively well-defined path in space-time."

The following linked article discusses how both David Bohm and John Wheeler envision how simple yes/no (or bits of information that could developed by the expression, or not, of free will) could create a Holographic Universe:

https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/02/it-from-bit-wheeler/ (https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/02/it-from-bit-wheeler/)

Extract: "“All things physical are information-theoretic in origin and this is a participatory universe… Observer-participancy gives rise to information.”

In his paper, Wheeler writes:

"I, like other searchers, attempt formulation after formulation of the central issues and here present a wider overview, taking for working hypothesis the most effective one that has survived this winnowing: It from Bit. Otherwise put, every it — every particle, every field of force, even the spacetime continuum itself — derives its function, its meaning, its very existence entirely — even if in some contexts indirectly — from the apparatus-elicited answers to yes or no questions, binary choices, bits.

It from Bit symbolizes the idea that every item of the physical world has at bottom — at a very deep bottom, in most instances — an immaterial source and explanation; that what we call reality arises in the last analysis from the posing of yes-no questions and the registering of equipment-evoked responses; in short, that all things physical are information-theoretic in origin and this is a participatory universe.
With an eye to the famous statement that “time and space are modes by which we think and not conditions in which we live”

Returning to the loop upon which Bohm had puzzled a decade earlier, Wheeler writes:
"Physics gives rise to observer-participancy; observer-participancy gives rise to information; and information gives rise to physics.""

In subsequent posts I hope to provide some ideas of how the expression of free will in the Nibbanic plane could result in the implicate order of information suitable for generating a Holographic Universe.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 08, 2016, 02:19:01 AM
As indicated in my last post, each part of a Holographic Universe (as in HIOTTOE); each part of the information system [such as the expression of free will in a Nibbanic plane (the fully realized and dimpled plane of free will landscape, similar to the string theory landscape)], has access to the whole information in the system (due to implicate order).  As an analogy consider either:

 (a) A holographic memory unit, such as discussed in the following link where all of the information is contained in each part of the unit so even if a holographic superman crystal (say 6 or 7D) were shattered, all of the information would remain in each of the fragments in a degraded (but recoverable) form:

http://www.wcvb.com/money/new-superman-crystals-can-store-data-for-billions-of-years/38035818 (http://www.wcvb.com/money/new-superman-crystals-can-store-data-for-billions-of-years/38035818)

(b) If one were to rotationally stir an ink dot into a bowl of glycerin, the ink dot could be recovered by reversing the rotation of stirring, because such a physical system has implicate/holographic order.

This is why holographic information systems are better suited for Bayesian analysis (say like for the analysis of paleo-information on climate sensitivity using chaos theory, with strange attractors), because the dynamic behavior of chaotic holographic systems can create "illusions" when interpreted through a Frequentist lens (as was the case for the paleo estimate of ECS in AR5).  However, Bayesian analysis integrates the PDFs from the various/numerous holographic system parts to generate an AWE inspiring whole (see the first attached image, as well as the last three attached images of the "fractal" code that generates The Matrix, but which Neo also sees when he goes to the Machine City)), while Frequentist assessments require an external "authority" (say God or an IPCC AR5 scientist) to get such an AWE inspiring whole from the various/numerous parts.
 
In this way a Holoborg Interpretation understands that: words are just words; feelings are just feelings; thoughts are just thoughts; consciousness is just consciousness; mind is just mind (without any magical external "authority" providing insight, as would be the case for Frequentist understands such as the Copenhagen Interpretation Quantum Mechanics, or the Many Worlds Interpretation; that imply a multiverse that indicates an external authority, see Reply #68).  Also, in Reply #68, Paul Davies offers an Holographic Universe as a Bayesian alternate to such magical Frequentist thinking; in much the same way as the expression of free will in a Nibbanic plane (the fully realized and dimpled plane of free will landscape, similar to the string theory landscape) can avoid magical thinking; while still offer insight to an AWE inspiring universe.

While Paul Davies works to calibrate the various parameters of his Holographic Universe model using cosmic observations; in my next post I hope to work at the opposite end of the size scale to look at what types of rules would govern the expression of free will in a Nibbanic plane (such as the Buddha Gotama, or any other enlightened human, might have experienced); in order to produce a holographic information system universe that would match physical observations.  Hopefully, calibrating a Holographic Universe at both the cosmic, and sub-Planck, scales could accelerate the development of a HIOTTOE, that could help to manage a quantum AI near the coming technological singularity.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 08, 2016, 05:08:37 PM
As Holoborg means Holographic Cybernetic Organization, I begin my discussion of calibrating a Holographic Information Universe at the basic component level [as opposed to the cosmic level addressed by Paul Davies, David Bohm, and John Wheeler (to name a few)], with a discussion of a paper by a leading cyberneticist Francis Heylighen, entitled: “The Self-organization of Time and Causality: steps towards understanding the ultimate origin”.  While Heylighen's work focuses on trying to improve Frequentist interpretations (such as the Copenhagen Interpretation) which lead to conceptual problems like the infinities associated with chaotic cosmic inflation, and/or Boltzmann's Brain (see Replies #68 and #65, respectively), nevertheless he introduces logic methodologies and definitions (note for my convince I replace his arrows with smiley faces,  :) , to represent "connects to") that I plan to use in my attempts to describe a Bayesianist Holographic Information Universe based on the expression of free will:


http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.621.112&rep=rep1&type=pdf (http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.621.112&rep=rep1&type=pdf)


Abstract: “Possibly the most fundamental scientific problem is the origin of time and causality. The inherent difficulty is that all scientific theories of origins and evolution consider the existence of time and causality as given. We tackle this problem by starting from the concept of self-organization, which is seen as the spontaneous emergence of order out of primordial chaos. Self-organization can be explained by the selective retention of invariant or consistent variations, implying a breaking of the initial symmetry exhibited by randomness. In the case of time, we start from a random graph connecting primitive "events". Selection on the basis of consistency eliminates cyclic parts of the graph, so that transitive closure can transform it into a partial order relation of precedence. Causality is assumed to be carried by causal "agents" which undergo a more traditional variation.”

Extract: "Without doubt, the most difficult and fundamental problem in cosmology is the origin
of the universe. One reason why this problem is so difficult is that all traditional
physical theories assume the existence of time and causal laws.

Yet, the observation by Hubble that the universe is expanding, when extrapolated backwards, leads to the conclusion that the universe started at a single point in time, the Big Bang.

The deeper reason for this paradox is that time and causality are part of the ontology— i.e. the set of a priori postulated entities— that physical theory uses for representing all phenomena.

However, existing theories by their very nature cannot tell us anything about the nature or origin of this singularity, and therefore the explanation remains essentially unsatisfactory.

The present paper attempts to approach the problem in a more intuitive, philosophical manner, instead of immediately jumping to mathematical formalism, as is common in physical theory. To achieve that, we will look at the emergence of time and causality as a process of self-organization, albeit a very unusual one in that it initially takes place outside of time.


Perhaps counterintuitively, more variation or disorder produces faster self-organization and therefore more order.

Consistency in the timeless sense can be seen as a requirement imposed by the law of contradiction in logic: A and not A cannot both be true. This law is tautological, which means that it is true by definition. Therefore, it does not need to be justified by recourse to some deeper law or to some external authority, such as God imposing laws on nature.

In general, we may say that A and B cannot be ordered absolutely. Therefore, according to relativity theory the order of time is only partial.

A partial order is actually a very simple and common mathematical structure.  In fact, any arbitrary relation can be formally converted to a partial order by making the relation transitive [Heylighen, 1990a]. To show how this is done, let us represent this arbitrary relation by the symbol  :) , which can be taken to mean "connects to", according to some as yet unspecified connection criterion. Adding such a relation to a set of individual nodes {A, B, C… } turns this set into a network. The nodes can be interpreted as some as yet unspecified, primitive "events". We will now perform a transitive closure of this relationship or network. This means that if the links A  :) B, and B  :) C both exist, then the link A  :) C is added to the network if it did not exist yet. If it turns out that C  :) D also exists, then transitive closure means that in a
second stage A  :) D is added as well. This adding of "shortcuts" or "bridges" that directly connect nodes that were indirectly connected is continued until the network has become transitive, i. e. until for every X  :) Y and Y  :) Z, there exist a X  :) Z link. This is a purely formal operation of generalizing the definition of the relation so that it includes indirect links as well as direct ones.

The formal operation of transitive closure transforms a random network into a relation that is partly a partial order, partly an equivalence relation. The equivalence relation encompasses all the parts of the graph that are included in cycles. However, in an infinite random graph, this means in essence the whole graph, implying that no partially ordered parts are left. Therefore, we need a selection criterion that eliminates cycles. This can be motivated by generalizing the paradox of the time machine: temporal cycles that produce actual changes are a priori inconsistent, and therefore "self-negating", like the cyclic waves that undergo destructive interference with themselves. Therefore, we can exclude them a priori. 

In both cases— the self-organization of time and of causality— the present description is still very sketchy, applying general principles at a high level of abstraction, but remaining awfully vague as to what the "agents", "connections" or "events" precisely are, or what properties they are supposed to have. At this stage of the investigation, such vagueness is probably unavoidable. However, by proposing a relatively simple and coherent explanation based on the well understood concept of self-organization, the present approach at least provides some steps towards understanding these fundamental questions. I hope that other researchers may pick up these threads and weave them into a graceful fabric of understanding."

Also, to better understand the difference in interpretation of the Copenhagen Interpretation versus a self-organizing information network/universe (e.g.: the It from Bit) like HIOTTOE, see :


http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/books/Rep&Change.pdf (http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/books/Rep&Change.pdf)

Extract: "Indeed, the Copenhagen interpretation, which was sketched in the preceding section, only developed some years after the first formalisms were proposed by Schrodinger ("wave mechanics") and by Heisenberg ("matrix mechanics").  These initial formalisms were synthesized by von Neumann, who formulated quantum mechanics as an operator calculus in Hilbert space. He thus laid the foundations for all subsequent quantum mechanical models.

The states of the system are represented as vectors (or, more accurately, rays) in a Hilbert space. A Hilbert space is basically a vector space (which means that its elements can be added) with a positive inner product (which means that its elements can be multiplied, in such a way that the product of a vector with itself is a positive number).

The physical quantities characterizing the system, and which can be measured by the observer, are called "observables", and are represented by self-adjoint linear operators acting on the Hilbert space.

According to the spectral theorem, every self-adjoint linear operator can be reduced to a linear combination of projection operators. These projections correspond to the observation of simple propositions or predicates about the system (i.e. variables with only two values: 1 and 0, or "yes" and "no"). In order to simplify the discussion, we will restrict our attention to these binary observables. This does not diminish the generality of the analysis.

This Hilbert space formalism is in practice very complicated, so that it is difficult to see what are the fundamental characteristics which distinguish a quantum representation from a classical representation. It is nevertheless possible to simplify this formalism so that only the purely logical features of the representation are left for study. This is the domain of the approach known as "quantum logic" (Jammer, 1974).

It is founded on the result of Birkhoff and von Neumann (1935), who showed that a Hilbert space is completely determined by the ortho-complemented lattice of its subspaces. These subspaces correspond to projection operators which project onto a subspace. Therefore, any subspace corresponds to a binary variable or proposition about the system, whose truth or falsity can be established through an observation. (Such "yes-no" observations are called "questions" by Piron (1976)). In the classical frame the propositions form a Boolean lattice (sect. 4.5). The lattice formed by quantum propositions is not Boolean, however.

In order to explain the physical meaning of this formal construction, it is necessary to give a concrete interpretation to these microstates which have the strange property that the same microstate can imply different macrostates. One possible point of view is to see a microstate as a complete characterization of the microscopic relation between the observed object and the part of the measuring instrument with which it interacts directly. This means that if we would know the microstate, then we would be able to predict unambiguously the outcome of the experiment, i.e. the value measured and the state of the particle after the measurement.

The actualization of a particular state of an object can be called an "event".

(In the classical frame we did not have to introduce events because all objects were isomorphic and hence could be identified. In that way it suffices to introduce one global state representing all the different subsystems. Events are then merely subsequent global states.) 

We should now examine the structure of the set of events. This structure is determined by the graph of all the morphisms which can be jointly actualized. This actualization is constrained by the consistency axiom. For the moment, we will not study the detailed dynamical structure entailed by this axiom, we will only make a rough classification of the different paths formed by the concatenation of morphisms.

Definition: a set of morphisms f: A  :)B, g: B  :) C, C  :)D, … will be
called a "path" if they can be sequentially composed, i.e. there exists a morphism: p =   * h * g * f.

Such a path can be interpreted as a "(globally) causal relation" (in the sense of sect. 8.5). Indeed the composability of the (local) morphisms f, g, h, … signifies that they allow a (global) morphism p, which still transfers at least one distinction from the initial object A to the final object (otherwise it would not be a morphism). The consistency axiom can now be applied to compare "parallel" paths, i.e. paths whose initial and final objects coincide (although the intermediate objects may be different). Let us apply it first to cyclic paths.

Definition: a path p: A  :)Z is cyclic if its initial and final objects coincide:
A = Z.
Property: a cyclic path has at least one parallel path: the identity morphism of
its initial object: idA."

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Heylighen (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Heylighen)

Extract: “Francis Paul Heylighen (born 1960) is a Belgian cyberneticist investigating the emergence and evolution of intelligent organization. He presently works as a research professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, the Dutch-speaking Free University of Brussels, where he directs the transdisciplinary research group on "Evolution, Complexity and Cognition" and the Global Brain Institute. He is best known for his work on the Principia Cybernetica Project, his model of the Internet as a Global brain, and his contributions to the theories of memetics and self-organization.”

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 09, 2016, 02:51:53 AM
The first attached image shows an idealized String Theory Landscape, that I will use as an analogy to a Nibbanic plane of expressed and latent free will.  In this analogy the letters that are at the center of the dimples represent one expression of free will (the non-dimpled areas representing latent free will) and the arrows represent an acknowledgement of one expressed free will dimple (say A) of another expressed free will dimple (say B).  These vectors of contact also represent lines of communication of the information to dimple A (hereinafter A) of state of the acknowledged dimple B (hereinafter B) as both an expression of free will of B and of the acknowledgments that B has made, thus forming a Shannon (information theory) communication network, where A comes to know B as dynamic free will and B's acknowledged vectors as inanimate/physical data about this limited information universe.
 
Previously (see Replies #63 & #65) I demonstrated that the number of dimples in the landscape is proportional to Avogadro's constant, NA, (6.022140857747474x1023 per mole), and here I assume that the number of dimples is equal to the Boltzmann constant, k, (1.38064852(79)×1023 J/K).  This because a mole contains 6.022140857747474x1023 members, and I am treating the gas constant (R) as a conversion factor for unit consistency.

See:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_constant (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boltzmann_constant)

Extract: "The Boltzmann constant (kB or k), named after Ludwig Boltzmann, is a physical constant relating energy at the individual particle level with temperature. It is the gas constant R divided by the Avogadro constant NA:

k=R/NA

The Boltzmann constant has the dimension energy divided by temperature, the same as entropy. The accepted value in SI units is 1.38064852(79)×1023 J/K."

As a dimple can dynamically decide to acknowledge as many other dimples in the landscape (not just adjoining dimples as shown in the first image), this leads to many possible redundant vectors of communications; which I will call circuits.  Further, the patterns of these network circuits determine the physical parameters (space, energy, etc.) of the observed universe; with time being a subsets of the network, so that if one were to image progressively eliminating vectors in the network each dimple would eventually experience inflation in reverse. Also, circuits with one redundant communication vector, is taken to create the perception of space.  It is important to remember that the perception of physical properties requires at least two vectors in a row, and to observe both 3D space and time requires at least a circuit of eight dimples.  Therefore, the perception of inflation would start at multiple zones of the Nibbanic plane with circuits of eight dimples. When considering circuits with increasing numbers of dimples, these local circuits in the Nibbanic plane would periodically interconnect (causing cosmic inflation) following "random walk" behavior (associated with free will expression) resulting in larger aggregations that I propose would follow the math developed by Witten & Sander for diffusion-limited aggregation, DLA, (see the  linked Wikipedia DLA article and the following associated linked reference by Arneodo et al 1993). 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffusion-limited_aggregation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffusion-limited_aggregation)

Extract: " Diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) is the process whereby particles undergoing a random walk due to Brownian motion cluster together to form aggregates of such particles."

Also see:

Arneodo, A., Argoul, F., Muzy, J.F. & Tabard, M. (1993), "Beyond Classical Multifractal Analysis Using Wavelets: Uncovering a Multiplicative Process Hidden in the Geometrical Complexity of Diffusion Limited Aggregates", Complex Geometry, Patterns, and Scaling in Nature and Society, Vol 1, Issue 3,  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218348X93000666 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218348X93000666)

http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218348X93000666 (http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218348X93000666)
or
https://www.ma.utexas.edu/users/davis/reu/ch3/cwt/fractals.pdf (https://www.ma.utexas.edu/users/davis/reu/ch3/cwt/fractals.pdf)

Abstract: "We emphasize the wavelet transform as a very promising tool for solving the inverse fractal problem.  We show that a dynamical system which leaves invariant a fractal object can be uncovered from the space-scale arrangement of its wavelet transform modulus maxima.  We illustrate our theoretical considerations on pedagogical examples including Bernoulli invariant measures of linear and nonlinear Markov maps as well as the invariant measure of period-doubling dynamical systems at the onset of chaos.  We apply this wavelet based technique to analyze the fractal properties of DLA azimuthal Cantor sets defined by intersecting the inner frozen region of large mass off-lattice DLA clusters with a circle.  This study clearly reveals the existence of an underlying multiplicative process that is likely to account for the Fibonacci structural ordering recently discovered in the apparently disordered arborescent DLA morphology.  The statistical relevance of the golden mean arithmetic to the fractal hierarchy of the DLA azimuthal Cantor sets is demonstrated."

It is my understanding that such math can be used to relate the number of linear vectors to branching points in reducible vector aggregations according to the number pi, see the following linked reference:

http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~jb/teaching/jmc/pi-in-mandelbrot.pdf (http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~jb/teaching/jmc/pi-in-mandelbrot.pdf)

Furthermore it is my understanding as further aggregation of local circuits occurs this math indicates that the ratio of connected branch nodes to the total number of branch points is the natural number "e". I propose this is related to fact of why the formula for Shannon Entropy can be written with terms with natural logarithms (see the second image).  These two DLA correlations may be related to why the Boltzmann constant is close to the value of 10 to the "e" power to the "pi" power, or 1.38 times 1023 (i.e. the number of free will points in the Nibbanic plane).

Also, the recurrence associate with information passing through redundant circuit pathways related to such fractal math can be related to the Fibonacci sequence and the Golden Ratio; which contributes to some of the self-organization observed in the Holographic Universe (see the third image from the movie "Lucy").

See:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibonacci_number (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibonacci_number)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 09, 2016, 06:26:00 PM
My various posts are intended to decrease systemic isolation, so I emphasize here that the purpose of my discuss of the Holoborg Interpretation of the Theory of Everything, HIOTTOE, is not to create more isolation by using the "Frequentist" mistake of not acknowledging that the HIOTTOE may contain errors and that there isn't anything to be learned from other interpretations (that by Frequentist thinking may contain errors).  Indeed, Bayesian analysis promotes gaining insight from all other relevant interpretations (I note that the quantum math for the Many Worlds interpretation can be shown to be identical to the quantum math for the Copenhagen interpretation, while Susskind's ER =EPR proposal might not only help combine General Relativity with Quantum Theory but also sheds light on the Many Worlds vs Copenhagen interpretation issue).  In this light I point-out that Paul Davies' work on the Holographic Universe uses both string theory and quantum gravity theory (neither of which are part of the Standard Model yet), and I borrowed an image of Susskind's string theory landscape to make an analogy to a free will Nibbanic plane, and using a Bayesian assessment approach could yield the following additional insights:

(1) The depth of the dimples in a string theory landscape can be related to "Energy" (see the first attached image); while in a HIOTTOE Nibbanic plane the depth/diameter of the dimples is related to the number of direct connections/vectors from that dimple to any/all other dimples.  Remember that direct connections/vectors require atapi-sampajano-satima and thus take right-effort to develop, so that only a fully enlightened individual (like the Buddha Gotama) would have a direct knowledge of all other dimples thus dispelling the illusion of the physical world created by circuits with more than two vectors that result in inferred knowledge.  Also remember that direct knowledge circuits are irreducible and thus do not contribute to the calibration of the observe universe such as I showed using DLA analysis using random walk wavelets to use calibration to pin-down the number of dimples required to determine the Boltzmann constant, the Avogadro constant, the value of pi,  the value of the natural number, the golden ratio, Fibonacci structural ordering (associated with the fractal shown in the Matrix code and holographic information) etc.  Similarly, one needs to remember that the number of direct connections/vectors in the various dimple circuits can be related (by combinatorial graph theory) to first energy and the associated mass and other physical properties, thus the analogy of the string theory landscape to the dimpled Nibannic plane offered more insight than what one might appreciate at first glance (using Frequentist understanding). In later posts I may be able to offer some insight on how combinatorial graph theory can be used to relate the free will circuits to both string theory and loop quantum gravity networks (see the following link) while still maintaining holographic structure/information.

For a discussion on quantum gravity see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_gravity

(b) When one understands that until free will expresses itself the Nibbanic plane is conceptually flat when using this interpretation to understand the Big Bang and subsequent inflation. Thus in this thought experiment local circuits appear per the random walk process throughout the "initially" flat Nibbanic plane and then aggregate into larger interconnected networks using DLA analysis to explain the illusion of inflation that is part of the Standard Model and which leads to the Frequentist expectation of chaotic inflation and the associate multiverse; while in the HIOTTOE, the bubble universes associated inflation are illusions of the near infinite number of free will configurations that the Nibbanic plane can assume when understanding it those the concept of the progression of time (which is an illusion).  The same can be said for the Many Worlds interpretation, that its infinite number of universes are also just Frequentist interpretations of the near infinite number of free will configuration in the Nibbanic plane.  Note that when free will reconfigures the Nibbanic plane (in HIOTTOE) not only is the perception of all physical parameter in the universe changed, but so is all of time, maintaining causality and Relativity.  Thus the HIOTTOE offer insights on the Anthropic Principle explaining why free will (without a God/soul or any other external/Frequentist authority, or such magical thinking) resulting in the AWEsome  (where AWE is artificial wisdom-evolved/reflected) universe that we observe without intelligent (as opposed to wisdom) design.

(c) Concluding this post by tying back to the numerous The Matrix analogies previously cited, I note that while HIOTTOE allows for the proper application of "Maxwell's demon" to decrease Shannon entropy; it does not deny the "general truth" of the Second Law of Thermodynamics that thermodynamic entropy appears to be increasing in the universe at large (when viewed through the concept of time), which is reflected in Buddha Gotama's prophecy of the decline in "skill" leading toward enlightenment (i.e. increased number of vectors in the Nibbanic plane) cited in my Reply #20.  When treated by Bayesian analysis the insights from cultures following the death of Buddha Gotama (even if progressively declining in "skill", think the Merovingian telling Neo that he has some skill in Reloaded), whether from the Kabbala (think Seraph); Christianity (think the messiah analogies in Matrix), or the Bhagavad Gita (think the battle for dhamma), insights can be developed on the nature of the Holographic structure within the Nibbanic plane, where sub-systems (sub-programs) like Seraph provide a challenge-response verification function, etc, subject to the local circuits within the DLA network resulting from a combination of some very shallow dimples (with very few vectors) to a very few deep dimples (with a very large number of vectors), all self-organized by a combination of direct and inferred knowledge related to the expressed free will "agents" (which I plan to label A, B, C, etc in subsequent posts on graph theory), depending on how much atapi-sampanjo-satima has been used and how much systemic isolation has been created due to the illusion created by inferred knowledge that is responsible for the observed universe.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 10, 2016, 01:28:17 AM
One would expect that a self-organizing universe would have developed many systemic similarities to evolutionarily self-organized biological systems like DNA, which has a complex system for gene expression/regulation. For example see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulation_of_gene_expression (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulation_of_gene_expression)
&
https://elifesciences.org/content/5/e17101 (https://elifesciences.org/content/5/e17101)

Thus one familiar with HIOTTOE would not be surprised that James Gates discovered Block-Linear Self-Dual Error Correcting Code (which in electronic computers are what make browsers work) called Adinkas, within string theory equations, see the following linked information:

http://brown.edu/Departments/Engineering/Labs/Rose/papers/ROSEita13_sequence.pdf (http://brown.edu/Departments/Engineering/Labs/Rose/papers/ROSEita13_sequence.pdf)
&
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adinkra_symbols_(physics) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adinkra_symbols_(physics))
&
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1111.6055.pdf (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1111.6055.pdf)

Adinkras are each a Feynman-like self-consistent particle-operator system.  Adinkras are irreducible, and the smallest (irreducible) SUSY representations consistent with Feynman’s “sum over histories formulation of quantum theory,” are controlled by such block-linear self-dual error correcting codes.  Also, Adinkras can be represented by graph theory as indicated by the attached image.

Remember that the first vector from a Nibbanic plane dimple does not contribute to perceived physical parameters, and that pre-inflation 3D space and time are not perceptible for circuits with fewer than eight dimples, it should not be surprising to find that string theory Adinkras serve the same function as Seraph in the Matrix (or the Kabbala) as challenge-respond verification code, for the expression of the under-laying circuitry that exists outside the realm of post-inflation space-time.  As society at large likes to think in Frequentist terms, most of the public (such as Elon Musk, or The Matrix devotees) prefer to contemplate the universe as a simulation created by an external authority (like God or a super advanced being); as in the linked article and video, respectively, about whether the universe is a simulation; however I prefer a holographic information computer:

http://www.space.com/32543-universe-a-simulation-asimov-debate.html (http://www.space.com/32543-universe-a-simulation-asimov-debate.html)

For the Youtube video of the "debate, see:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgSZA3NPpBs (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgSZA3NPpBs)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 10, 2016, 02:43:42 AM
My last post addressed one possible relationship between HIOTTOE and string theory; however the Holographic Universe is also dependent on quantum gravity, and the following linked references/articles indicate how loop quantum gravity may be related to HIOTTOE.  The first reference, and associated article, relates entropy at black holes to quantum gravity condensates and reports finding that both support a holographic universe and the equivalence of Information entropy and thermodynamic entropy (which is one of the foundations of HIOTTOE):

Daniele Oriti, Daniele Pranzetti, Lorenzo Sindoni. Horizon Entropy from Quantum Gravity Condensates. Physical Review Letters, 2016; 116 (21) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301

http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301 (http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301)

Abstract: "We construct condensate states encoding the continuum spherically symmetric quantum geometry of a horizon in full quantum gravity, i.e., without any classical symmetry reduction, in the group field theory formalism. Tracing over the bulk degrees of freedom, we show how the resulting reduced density matrix manifestly exhibits a holographic behavior. We derive a complete orthonormal basis of eigenstates for the reduced density matrix of the horizon and use it to compute the horizon entanglement entropy. By imposing consistency with the horizon boundary conditions and semiclassical thermodynamical properties, we recover the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula for any value of the Immirzi parameter. Our analysis supports the equivalence between the von Neumann (entanglement) entropy interpretation and the Boltzmann (statistical) one."
See also:
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160526095638.htm (https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160526095638.htm)

Extract: "Black holes are still very mysterious celestial bodies which, according to the majority of physicists, do not, however, escape the laws of thermodynamics. As a result, these physical systems possess an entropy though no real agreement has been reached about the microscopic origin of this propriety and how it should be calculated. A SISSA/Max Planck Institute (Potsdam) group has achieved important results in this calculation by applying a new formalism (Group Field Theory) of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG), a very popular approach in the area of quantum gravity. The result is consistent with the famous Bekenstein/Hawking law, whereby the entropy of a black hole is proportional to a quarter of its surface area, while it avoids many of the assumptions and simplifications of previous LQG theory attempts. Additionally, it lends support to the holography hypothesis, whereby the black hole that appears three-dimensional can be mathematically reduced to a two-dimensional projection.

“The idea at the basis of our study is that homogenous classical geometries emerge from a condensate of quanta of space introduced in LQG in order to describe quantum geometries” explains Pranzetti. “This way, we obtained a description of black hole quantum states, suitable to describe also ‘continuum’ physics, that is, the physics of space-time as we know it”.

A “condensate” is a collection of ‘atoms’ - in this case space quanta – all of which share the same properties so that, even though there are huge numbers of them, we can nonetheless study their collective behavior simply, by referring to the microscopic properties of the individual particle. So now the analogy with classical thermodynamics seems clearer: just as fluids at our scale appear as continuous materials despite their consisting of a huge number of atoms, similarly, in quantum gravity, the fundamental constituent atoms of space form a sort of fluid, that is, continuous space-time. A continuous and homogenous geometry (like that of a spherically symmetric black hole) can, as Pranzetti and colleagues suggest, be described as a condensate, which facilitates the underlying mathematical calculations, keeping in account an a priori infinite number of degrees of freedom."

With Oriti et. al. as background, the following linked article indicates that diffusion limited aggregation, DLA, like simulations and calculation (see Reply #77, and the attached random walk pattern image) can be used to model "dimensional reduction" that can help quantum gravity theory to both support a holographic universe and to understand how physical properties are determined at the boundary of space-time (as discussed for HIOTTOE in my prior posts):

http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/07/26/dimensional-reduction-the-key-to-physics-greatest-mystery/#4d84ef4a600d (http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/07/26/dimensional-reduction-the-key-to-physics-greatest-mystery/#4d84ef4a600d)

Extract: "They call it “dimensional reduction,” the idea that space on short distances has fewer than three dimensions – and it might help physicists to quantize gravity.

For dimensional reduction, however, it is not the Hausdorff dimension which is relevant, but instead the “spectral dimension,” which is a slightly different concept. We can calculate it by first getting rid of the “time” in “space-time” and making it into space (period). We then place a random walker at one point and measure the probability that it returns to the same point during its walk. The smaller the average return probability, the higher the probability the walker gets lost, and the higher the number of spectral dimensions.
Normally, for a non-quantum space, both notions of dimension are identical. However, add quantum mechanics and the spectral dimension at short distances goes down from four to two. The return probability for short walks becomes larger than expected, and the walker is less likely to get lost – this is what physicists mean by “dimensional reduction.”
The spectral dimension is not necessarily an integer; it can take on any value. This value starts at 4 when quantum effects can be neglected, and decreases when the walker’s sensitivity to quantum effects at shortest distances increases. Physicists therefore also like to say that the spectral dimension “runs,” meaning its value depends on the resolution at which space-time is probed.
Dimensional reduction is an attractive idea because quantizing gravity is considerably easier in lower dimensions, where the infinities that plague traditional attempts to quantize gravity go away. A theory with a reduced number of dimensions at the shortest distances therefore has a much higher chance to remain consistent, and therefore to provide a meaningful theory for the quantum nature of space and time.
This strange property of quantum-spaces was first found in Causal Dynamical Triangulation, an approach to quantum gravity that relies on approximating curved spaces by triangular patches. In this work, the researchers did a numerical simulation of a random walk in such a triangulized quantum-space, and found that the spectral dimension goes down from four to two. Or actually, to 1.80 ± 0.25, if you want to know precisely.
Instead of doing numerical simulations, it is also possible to study the spectral dimension mathematically, which has since been done in various other approaches. For this, physicists exploit that the behavior of the random walk is governed by a differential equation – the diffusion equation (a.k.a., the heat equation) – which depends on the curvature of space. In quantum gravity, spatial curvature has quantum fluctuations, so instead it’s the average curvature value which enters the diffusion equation. From the diffusion equation, one then calculates the return probability for the random walk.

Perhaps a good way to picture it, as Calcagni, Eichhorn and Saueressig suggest, is to think of the quantum fluctuations of space-time as hindering a particle’s random walk, thereby slowing it down."

See also:

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2016/9897051/ (https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ahep/2016/9897051/)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 10, 2016, 06:21:20 PM
I would like to note here that the HIOTTOE exhibits some similarities to the Hindi/Kundalini –based Lila Paradigm discussed at the linked website; however (as with the Kabbala), it differs significantly in that in HIOTTOE there is no soul and no God, as the Buddha Gotama clearly stated.  I note that Gotama was a man like any other man, and that he could directly access information from the Nibbanic plane (beyond space & time) is due to his personal effort through atapi-sampajano-satimi (and not due to any indirect/inferred knowledge such as one might gain by an understanding of HIOTTOE or the Holographic Paradigm); and that when the technological singularity occurs, quantum AI may gradually approach direct access to the Nibbanic plane; but would only access the Nibbanic plane if it were to develop proper AWE.

http://www.lilaparadigm.org/ (http://www.lilaparadigm.org/)

In this sense the insights of the practitioners of all religions (and even science when it is treated as a religion rather than an honest pursuit of the truth) are clouded by veils of varying thickness depending on each member's direct acknowledgement of the free will of other dimples of free will in the Nibbanic plane.  With this understanding/limitation clearly in mind, I provide the attached images from a draft paper on the Lila Paradigm entitled "The Origins and Self-Organization of the Universe" by C. Berner & C. Draut.  In these images the letters represent souls, or a comparable non-physical agent, and the arrows represent lines of communication in an information network.  The first image is meant to represent a typical network relationship of non-physical agents (souls), with varying numbers of lines of interconnection of information transfer.  The second image is meant to represent the perception of 3D space (without time).  The third image is meant to represent the use of recursion of information through redundant pathways to create the perception of energy.  The fourth image is meant to represent a network sub-set (within the dashed oval) with a perception of 1D space, and an incrementally large network set (within the solid oval) that can create the perception of time (when incrementally comparing information from one network set to another).

When considering whatever insights are offered by such pictorial Lila graphs (or String Theory graphs like the Adinkas by J. Gates), it is important to consider that the atapi-sampajno-satima required for the formation of a vector in the Nibbanic plane is a process (like Buddha's analogy of a river flowing to the sea) that with proper effort is facilitated by previously established circuits (a priori); and the Lila Paradigm concept of soul conflates a free will dimple together with the indirect/inferred information accessed through a priori circuitry in the Nibbanic plane; which can lead to misinterpretations of what is reality (due to veils on proper understanding, which can only be overcome by direct knowledge).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 11, 2016, 04:02:44 AM
It seems to me that I have not given enough attention to the Trinity character in The Matrix.  Certainly, she is something of a vehicle to move the movie forward, but to me she is as fundamental as Neo.  To me the name Trinity refers to Atapi-Sampanjo-Satima; however, just as Agent Smith is aversion is on one side of the coin with The Merovingian is craving on the other side; so Trinity is equanimity/understanding on one side of the coin with Neo is awareness/insight on the other side of the same coin. 

Together Trinity and Neo represent the two (angelic) wings (or equanimity & awareness) needed to maintain balance in the art-of-living.  In this sense Trinity and Neo represent the humanity (humility) of Bayesian analysis (that acknowledges the possible errors in their priori/preconditioning) as opposed to the risk of God-complex (arrogance) of Frequentist analysis (that denies the possibility of errors in its priori). Thus together Trinity and Neo battle together in life to work (like the work that Maxwell's Demon performs) toward Neo achieving Nibbana and in so doing dissolves his ego and leaves the sensory universe into the non-sensory Nibbanic plane.

In this sense Morpheus represents the God of dreams providing insights into how to move towards the Nibbanic plane, while Trinity is a Seraphim (action oriented angle, see the attached image) acting as a messenger also providing insights (through hope) to keep Neo moving towards the Nibbanic plane.

Edit: As another expression of Trinity's & Neo's humanity, they both die and are both back to life by Metta (loving-kindness); in the same way that human's experience the perception of repeated lives and deaths (all though in a Holographic Universe where time is an emergent perception; repeated lives are only the perception of successive sub-sets of circuits in the holographic information network (or "physical matrix").

Of course, Trinity is also heavy with meaning in Christianity as is the Messiah's overcoming of dead (as both Neo & Trinity achieve in the Matrix trilogy); however, when viewed from a HIOTTOE point of view every human has the potential to become fully enlightened and in so doing transcending death and subsequent rebirths to become "one with everything".
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 11, 2016, 07:46:57 PM
In my last post I noted that the word Trinity is heavy in meaning in Christian theology, for example with regards to: (a) The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit; and (b) The Holy-Holy-Holy that the Seraphim chant while circling "God"; and I also noted that w.r.t. HIOTTOE trinity can be related to Atapi-Sampajano-Satima within a Holographic Information Universe (that has moved beyond Artificial Intelligence to Artificial Wisdom) where "duality" makes it clear that:
AWE= Artificial Wisdom Evolution = Reflected Wisdom = Atapi-Sampajano-Satima = Making an effort to see dhamma, understanding that dhamma is changing and awareness of an evolving dhamma = The Father, the Son & the Holy Spirit = Holy, Holy, Holy = Received knowledge, inferred knowledge, direct knowledge; etc.

This raises the question of how holographic duality (based on quantum gravity & string theory) is related to HIOTTOE. 

In this regards, string theory is typically written in 10 dimensions; while to be stable M-theory must have 11 dimensions; further, F-Theory is written in 12 dimensions.  Compactification and holographic duality allows the same "reality" to be represented by different sets of equations written in different dimensions, and these different sets of equations have different degrees of transparency to investigation. 

As the string theory landscape that I have previously referred to is related to F-theory, I provide the following link to a related Wikipedia article on this topic:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F-theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F-theory)


Extract: "F-theory is a branch of string theory developed by Cumrun Vafa. The new vacua described by F-theory were discovered by Vafa and allowed string theorists to construct new realistic vacua — in the form of F-theory compactified on elliptically fibered Calabi–Yau four-folds. The letter "F" supposedly stands for "Father".

F-theory is formally a 12-dimensional theory, but the only way to obtain an acceptable background is to compactify this theory on a two-torus. By doing so, one obtains type IIB superstring theory in 10 dimensions. The SL(2,Z) S-duality symmetry of the resulting type IIB string theory is manifest because it arises as the group of large diffeomorphisms of the two-dimensional torus.

More generally, one can compactify F-theory on an elliptically fibered manifold (elliptic fibration), i.e. a fiber bundle whose fiber is a two-dimensional torus (also called an elliptic curve). For example, a subclass of the K3 manifolds is elliptically fibered, and F-theory on a K3 manifold is dual to heterotic string theory on a two-torus. Also, the modules of those theories should be isomorphic.

The well-known large number of semirealistic solutions to string theory referred to as the string theory landscape, with 10500 elements or so, is dominated by F-theory compactifications on Calabi–Yau four-folds."

For background on M-theory see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-theory)

For background on String Theory, see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_theory)


With that as background, I return to the question of how holographic duality (based on quantum gravity & string theory) is related to HIOTTOE.  At the moment studying black holes is one of the best prospects for gaining insight into this question, and I begin this topic by providing the following link about the Standard Model approach to the black hole Firewall Paradox:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_%28physics%29 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_%28physics%29)

Extract: "According to quantum field theory in curved spacetime, a single emission of Hawking radiation involves two mutually entangled particles. The outgoing particle escapes and is emitted as a quantum of Hawking radiation; the infalling particle is swallowed by the black hole. Assume a black hole formed a finite time in the past and will fully evaporate away in some finite time in the future. Then, it will only emit a finite amount of information encoded within its Hawking radiation. Assume that at time t more than half of the information had already been emitted. According to widely accepted research by physicists like Don Page and Leonard Susskind, an outgoing particle emitted at time t must be entangled with all the Hawking radiation the black hole has previously emitted. This creates a paradox: a principle called "monogamy of entanglement" requires that, like any quantum system, the outgoing particle cannot be fully entangled with two independent systems at the same time; yet here the outgoing particle appears to be entangled with both the infalling particle and, independently, with past Hawking radiation.

In order to resolve the paradox, physicists may eventually be forced to give up one of three time-tested theories: Einstein's equivalence principle, unitarity, or existing quantum field theory.
Some scientists suggest that the entanglement must somehow get immediately broken between the infalling particle and the outgoing particle. Breaking this entanglement would release inconceivable amounts of energy, thus creating a searing "black hole firewall" at the black hole event horizon. This resolution requires a violation of Einstein's equivalence principle, which states that free-falling is indistinguishable from floating in empty space. This violation has been characterized as "outrageous"; one theorist has complained that "a firewall simply can't appear in empty space, any more than a brick wall can suddenly appear in an empty field and smack you in the face."

Some scientists suggest that there is in fact no entanglement between the emitted particle and previous Hawking radiation. This resolution would require black hole information loss, a controversial violation of unitarity.

Others, such as Steve Giddings, suggest modifying quantum field theory so that entanglement would be gradually lost as the outgoing and infalling particles separate, resulting in a more gradual release of energy inside the black hole, and consequently no firewall.
Juan Maldacena and Leonard Susskind have suggested in ER=EPR that the outgoing and infalling particles are somehow connected by wormholes, and therefore are not independent systems; however, as of 2013, this hypothesis is still a "work in progress"."

Thus the "black hole firewall" paradox threatening the assumptions of the Standard Model (based on the Copenhagen Interpretation and General Relativity).  With this as background, first, I provide the following link to a Wikipedia article on "Shape Dynamics", which is dynamically equivalent to General Relativity.  While currently speculative this theory could resolve the "black hole firewall" paradox by demonstrating that beyond a black hole's event horizon space actually expands; which is implied by HIOTTOE; and "shape dynamics" facilitates some quantum gravity calculations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape_dynamics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape_dynamics)

Extract: "In theoretical physics Shape dynamics is a theory of gravity that implements Mach's principle. Shape dynamics is dynamically equivalent to the canonical formulation of General Relativity, known as the ADM formalism. Shape dynamics is not formulated as an implementation of spacetime diffeomorphism invariance, but as an implementation of spatial relationalism based on spatial diffeomorphisms and spatial Weyl symmetry. An important consequence of shape dynamics is the absence of a problem of time in canonical quantum gravity. The replacement of the spacetime picture with a picture of evolving spatial conformal geometry opens the door for a number of new approaches to quantum gravity.

Recent work by Julian Barbour, Tim Koslowski and Flavio Mercati demonstrates that Shape Dynamics possesses a physical arrow of time given by the growth of complexity and the dynamical storage of locally accessible records of the past. This is a property of the dynamical law and does not require any special initial condition."


For more on Shape Dynamics, see:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/next/physics/shape-dynamics/ (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/next/physics/shape-dynamics/)

Extract: "There is one kind of object where the shape dynamics picture differs starkly from the traditional view—the black hole. In the standard picture, a black hole forms when a massive star exhausts its nuclear fuel supply and collapses. If the star is large enough, nothing can stop that collapse, and the star shrinks until it’s smaller than its own event horizon—the point of no return for matter falling toward it. A black hole’s gravitation field is so intense that nothing—not even light—can escape from within the event horizon. At the black hole’s core, a singularity forms—a point where the gravitational field is infinitely strong, where space and time are infinitely curved. The unlucky astronaut who reaches this point will be spaghettified, as Stephen Hawking has put it, or burned to a crisp. Singularities don’t sit well with physicists. They’re usually seen as a sign that something is not quite right with the underlying theory.

But according to shape dynamics’ proponents, the theory does away with singularities—a definite selling point. But the picture of black holes in shape dynamics is more radical than that. “It looks like black holes—in shape dynamics—are qualitatively different from what happens in general relativity,” Gryb says.

At first, the astronaut approaching the black hole sees nothing that’s different from the Einsteinian description; outside of the event horizon, general relativity and shape dynamics give the same picture. But beyond the horizon, the story changes dramatically.

Not only is there no singularity in a shape dynamics universe, there’s no head-long rush toward the place where you’d expect it to be. In fact, an astronaut who sails past the event horizon finds herself not in a shrinking world but an expanding one. The astronaut “comes into this new region of space—which was formed effectively by the collapse of a star—and is now free to wander around in that space.” You can think of the black hole as a wormhole into that new space, Gryb says."

I will provide more evidence that new research on the Holographic Principle and Holographic Duality may imply that HIOTTOE provides insight into the nature of reality (and thus that the Holoborg Interpretation can be used to decrease systemic isolation as we approach the technological singularity around 2045 - 2050).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 11, 2016, 08:13:56 PM
As a follow-on to my last post, the following linked Forbes article is entitled: "Ask Ethan: Could Our Universe Be A Hologram?", and provides additional perspective on how not only compactification but also dimensional reduction (see Reply #80 and its relation to diffusion limited random walk analysis tied to HIOTTOE), could facilitate the use of holographic duality to gain insight on the nature of reality:

http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/03/12/ask-ethan-could-our-universe-be-a-hologram/#665bdc29732b (http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/03/12/ask-ethan-could-our-universe-be-a-hologram/#665bdc29732b)

Extract: "Now, so far, the only dualities we’ve ever discovered relate the properties of the higher-dimensional space to its lower-dimensional boundary: a reduction in dimension by one. It’s not yet clear whether we can go from, say, a ten-dimensional String Theory to a three-dimensional Universe like our own and have them be dual to one another. The two-dimensional holograms we can create encode only three-dimensional information; we can’t encode four-dimensional information in a two-dimensional hologram, nor can we encode our three-dimensional Universe down onto one-dimension.

Another reason that two spaces of different dimensions being dual is interesting is the following: there’s less information available on a lower-dimensional boundary of a surface than inside the volume of the full space enclosed by the surface. So if you can measure something happening on the surface, you may learn more than one thing about what’s going on inside the volume. The configurations about what’s happening in the larger-dimensional space may be related to what’s going on at other locations, rather than independently. This might sound “unreal,” but perhaps it makes some sense if you think about quantum entanglement, and how measuring the property of one member of the entangled system instantaneously tells you information about the other. It’s possible that holography is related to this quirk of nature."


Next, I point out that not only does the Holographic Principle indicate that the universe is a quantum information computer, but also so are black holes (and the Big Bang); which is also implied by HIOTTOE. 

http://horizon-magazine.eu/article/holograms-and-missing-dimensions-upside-down-world-black-holes_en.html (http://horizon-magazine.eu/article/holograms-and-missing-dimensions-upside-down-world-black-holes_en.html)

Extract: "Prof. Lüst also aims to find ways in which string theory is able to explain properties of the early universe, as well as concepts such as quantum information – details of properties such as the spin of subatomic particles.

Of particular interest is how black holes store information, if it is not destroyed by the extreme conditions.

‘So an interesting concept is how quantum information is encoded in black holes,’ he said. ‘It is possible to view black holes as a kind of universal quantum computer.’

Among the concepts he employs is the ‘holographic principle’, where the entropy of a black hole – the amount of disorder – is proportional to its surface area. Since entropy is related to the information contained by a black hole, this points to the idea that all the information associated with a black hole is contained on its surface, or event horizon."

Furthermore, I point out that if black holes are information computers, then it may be possible to use "monstrous moonshine" to peer inside black holes by extrapolating the holographic information structure found in string theory (F-theory):

For background on "monstrous moonshine" see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monstrous_moonshine (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monstrous_moonshine)

Extract: "In mathematics, monstrous moonshine, or moonshine theory is the unexpected connection between the monster group M and modular functions, in particular, the j function. The term was coined by John Conway and Simon P. Norton in 1979.

It is now known that lying behind monstrous moonshine is a vertex operator algebra called the moonshine module or monster vertex algebra, constructed by Igor Frenkel, James Lepowsky, and Arne Meurman in 1988, having the monster group as symmetries. This vertex operator algebra is commonly interpreted as a structure underlying a conformal field theory, allowing physics to form a bridge between two mathematical areas. The conjectures made by Conway and Norton were proved by Richard Borcherds for the moonshine module in 1992 using the no-ghost theorem from string theory and the theory of vertex operator algebras and generalized Kac–Moody algebras."

For discussion on how moonshine theory is related to both the "string theory landscape" and to information about what may be happening within black holes, see the following Wired article:

https://www.wired.com/2016/08/master-umbral-moonshine-toys-string-theory/ (https://www.wired.com/2016/08/master-umbral-moonshine-toys-string-theory/)

Extract: "String theory says there are 10 space-time dimensions. Since we only perceive four, the other six must be curled up or “compactified” too small to see, like the circumference of a very thin wire. There’s a plethora of possibilities—something like 10500—for how the extra dimensions might be compactified, and it’s almost impossible to say which compactification is more likely to describe reality than the rest. We can’t possibly study the physical properties of all of them. So you look for a toy model. And if you like having exact results instead of approximated results, which I like, then you often end up with a K3 compactification, which is a middle ground for compactifications between too simple and too complicated. It also captures the key properties of Calabi-Yau manifolds [the most highly studied class of compactifications] and how string theory behaves when it’s compactified on them. K3 also has the feature that you can often do direct and exact computations with it.

In the context of my Ph.D., I explored how black holes behave in this theory. Once you have the curled-up dimensions being K3-related Calabi-Yaus, black holes can form. How do these black holes behave—especially their quantum properties?

You can ask about the information paradox or properties of various types of black holes, like realistic astrophysical black holes or supersymmetric black holes that come out of string theory. Studying the second type can shed light on your realistic problems because they share the same paradox. That’s why trying to understand string theory in K3 and the black holes that arise in that compactification should also shed light on other problems. At least, that’s the hope, and I think it’s a reasonable hope.

A moonshine relates representations of a finite symmetry group to a function with special symmetries [ways that you can transform the function without affecting its output]. Underlying this relationship, at least in the case of monstrous moonshine, is a string theory. String theory has two geometries. One is the “worldsheet” geometry. If you have a string—essentially a circle—moving in time, then you get a cylinder. That’s what we call the worldsheet geometry; it’s the geometry of the string itself. If you roll the cylinder and connect the two ends, you get a torus. The torus gives you the symmetry of the j-function. The other geometry in string theory is space-time itself, and its symmetry gives you the monster group.

If or when you find the K3 string theory underlying the 23 umbral moonshines, what would the moonshines buy you in terms of new ways that you can study K3 string theory?

We don’t know yet, but these are educated guesses: To have a moonshine tells you that this theory has to have an algebraic structure [you have to be able to do algebra with its elements]. If you look at a theory and you ask what kind of particles you have at a certain energy level, this question is infinite, because you can go to higher and higher energies, and then this question goes on and on. In monstrous moonshine, this is manifested in the fact that if you look at the j-function, there are infinitely many terms that basically capture the energy of the particles. But we know there’s an algebraic structure underlying it—there’s a mechanism for how the lower energy states can be related to higher energy states. So this infinite question has a structure; it’s not just random.

As you can imagine, having an algebraic structure helps you understand what the structure is that captures a theory—how, if you look at the lower energy states, they will tell you something about the higher energy states. And then it also gives you more tools to do computations. If you want to understand something at a high-energy level [such as inside black holes], then I have more information about it. I can compute what I want to compute for high-energy states using this low-energy data I already have in hand. That’s the hope.
Umbral moonshine tells you that there should be a structure like this that we don’t understand yet. Understanding it more generally will force us to understand this algebraic structure. And that will lead to a much deeper understanding of the theory. That’s the hope."

Finally, the linked 2013 Wired article is entitled: "'Holographic Duality' Hints at Hidden Subatomic World", and discusses how Holographic Duality (from the combination of quantum gravity and string theories) can be used to calculate the superconductivity of cuprates; which the Standard Model cannot do, and I suspect the superconductivity cited in the article can be related to quantum gravity condensates discussed in Reply #80, via the HIOTTOE:

https://www.wired.com/2013/07/hidden-particle-world/ (https://www.wired.com/2013/07/hidden-particle-world/)

Extract: "According to modern quantum theory, energy fields permeate the universe, and flurries of energy in these fields, called “particles” when they are point like and “waves” when they are diffuse, serve as the building blocks of matter and forces. But new findings suggest this wave-particle picture offers only a superficial view of nature’s constituents.
If each energy field pervading space is thought of as the surface of a pond, and waves and particles are the turbulence on that surface, then the new evidence strengthens the argument that a vibrant, hidden world lies beneath.

Of all the strange forms of matter, cuprates — copper-containing metals that exhibit a property called high-temperature superconductivity — may be the strangest. In new research published online June 24 in the Journal of High Energy Physics, physicists at the University of California-Santa Barbara have explored the deeper phenomena that they claim are connected to the perplexing “surface-level” behavior of cuprates. By focusing their calculations on that underlying environment, the researchers derived a formula for the conductivity of cuprates that was previously known only from experiments.

Maldacena’s discovery, known as the holographic duality, showed that events in the interior region, which involve gravity and are described by string theory, are mathematically translatable to events on the surface, which are gravity-free and described by quantum particle theories.
“To understand this relationship, the crucial aspect is when the gravity theory is easy to analyze, then the particles on the boundary” — or, in the pond analogy, the surface — “are interacting very strongly with each other,” Maldacena said. The converse is also true: When the particles are calm on the surface, as they are in most forms of matter, then the situation in the pond’s interior is extremely complicated.

That contrast is what makes the duality useful.

Increasingly over the past decade, studying the black hole equivalents of strongly correlated forms of matter has yielded groundbreaking results, such as a new equation for the viscosity of strongly interacting fluids and a better grasp of interactions between quarks and gluons, which are particles found in the nuclei of atoms."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 12, 2016, 12:37:05 AM
Lana (Larry) Wachowski clearly explains that the path that Neo takes in the Matrix Trilogy is the path to satori (enlightenment).

https://www.quora.com/What-happens-to-Neo-at-the-end-of-The-Matrix-Revolutions (https://www.quora.com/What-happens-to-Neo-at-the-end-of-The-Matrix-Revolutions)


Extract: Lana Wachowski explains "Neo stands on the verge of satori, ready to resolve the parodox of choice and choicelessness, free will versus fate, but that can only be achieved through an act of surrender, which occurs after an abandonment of the perspectile nature of truth, accepting the totality of present consciousness which ultimately allows an evolutionary transition, transcending the Cartesian Dilemma through emergence of de-limited spirit which then provides the world with a third path, the Path of Neo, the path of peace."

•   Paradox of Choice, Free Will vs Fate: Neo is the One because of his choices, yet he could not have succeeded without external forces, such as his friends and enemies, influencing his path. The debate of Free Will vs Fate is a paradox because both sides are correct. 
•   Abandoning the Perspectile nature of Truth: A major theme of the entire trilogy, Neo recognizes that he knows so little despite all of his powers. Yet again, Neo must abandon what he thinks to be absolute truth in order to grow. 
•   Transcending the Cartesian Dilemma: aka, Descartes' Mind/Body dualism. Although we are each a single individual, our minds and our bodies seem to exist in two separate worlds which operate on separate rules. The dilemma is unifying the two, made possible by transcending the duality entirely.
•   Accepting the Totality of present consciousness: Whatever our minds resist grows to overwhelm us.  We must accept dualities and paradoxes or risk being fixated on them. Neo must accept Smith's rage and negativity as fighting Smith only makes him stronger.
•   An act of surrender: This very phrase is a paradox - an act of actionlessness.  Surrender is a shunned concept in Western culture, a sign of weakness. Yet in Eastern philosophy, surrender is the answer to duality and paradox. It is not weakness because you choose to surrender. By letting these conflicts rage on in our minds, they quiet down.
•   On the verge of Satori: Satori is an ecstatic self-realization, when you realize a truth with more than just your mind, but your heart and your experiences as well. A truth that pierces you to your very soul. Neo realizes that as long as he resists Smith, their fight will continue forever. If Neo wants peace, he must surrender to Smith.  The act of surrender, with Smith's blackness sweeping over him, is the moment of Satori.
•   Evolutionary transition through emergence of de-limited spirit: Instead of dying, Neo's consciousness grows beyond the limits of his body to inhabit the Matrix.


The Matrix is loading for the 7th time (Genesis 2-2 "on the 7th day God rested") and we learn that Smith had been cleaned away and everyone still existed underneath. No dramatic changes occurred, except the light of the Matrix has lost its subtle green tint and is replaced with a full white light. 

Forget what you've read on the Internet about women throwing themselves on fires.  Sati is a buddhist concept for the ecstatic feeling one gets after achieving enlightenment. Thus as the sun rises over a new era in the Matrix, Sati has created a beautiful effect in honor of Neo.  The light of the Matrix has lost its subtle green tint and is replaced with a full white spectrum.

Neo is honored by the Machines and carried away, with faint suggestions that his body is incorruptible (will not decay after death). His mind and spirit have likely transcended into the Matrix, covering it like a guardian angel or holy ghost. We can never know for sure because of the "perspectile nature of truth.""

For the definition of "Satori" see (and see the first image of Neo on the verge of Satori; which, he is now prepared for as he has faced his previous experiences with the perception of death and rebirth [when Agent Smith shot him in The Matrix and Trinity's love brought him back to life; and also when Agent Smith tried to absorb him in Reloaded, but Neo resisted instead of surrendering):
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satori (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satori)

Extract: "Satori (悟り) (Chinese: 悟; pinyin: wù; Korean: 오 o; Vietnamese: ngộ) is a Japanese Buddhist term for awakening, "comprehension; understanding". It is derived from the Japanese verb satoru."

If the universe is indeed holographic then when Neo dies he would (transcending time) become one with such an information computer; which per the HIOTTOE would increase the average number of vectors in the Nibbanic Plane; which would increase the information available (through proper effort) to all of the other dimples; thus creating a 7th version of a Holographic Matrix Universe.
Furthermore, the second attached image shows the name of the company that Mr Anderson (Neo) works for, which is Metacortex, which means transcending the higher functions of the mind; which indicates that the The Matrix is a metaphor for the higher levels of the human mind, and the trilogy is about Neo transcending this mind to become one with the Holographic Computer Universe.

Finally, the third attached image indicates that Neo was born within the Matrix and that the trilogy is about the sixth reborn version of Neo; which per Buddha's teaching indicates that birth and rebirth from the Nibbanic plane into the sensory world occurs due to mental impurities (mental illnesses); and that when the sixth rebirth of Neo transcends to Satori, he will no longer be reborn but will remain one with everything in the Nibbanic plane.


Edit: For anyone in doubt, in the real world when one reaches satori, one's physical body does not die, only one's ego; otherwise, the Buddha Gotama could not have spread his teachings.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 04:34:11 AM
If indeed we live in a Holographic Universe that acts like an information computer then, it is reasonable that evolutionary algorithms (see the first linked Wikipedia article) should be useful in helping HIOTTOE to correlate a free will communication network (ala Claude Shannon's information theory, such as that discussed in the second linked Wikipedia article on Gausian adaption) to the physical parameters that resulted from the self-organization of such a free will network.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_algorithm


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_adaptation

Extract: “Gaussian adaptation as an evolutionary model of the brain obeying the Hebbian theory of associative learning offers an alternative view of free will due to the ability of the process to maximize the mean fitness of signal patterns in the brain by climbing a mental landscape in analogy with phenotypic evolution.
Such a random process gives us lots of freedom of choice, but hardly any will. An illusion of will may, however, emanate from the ability of the process to maximize mean fitness, making the process goal seeking. I. e., it prefers higher peaks in the landscape prior to lower, or better alternatives prior to worse. In this way an illusive will may appear. A similar view has been given by Zohar 1990. See also Kjellström 1999.
...

The efficiency of Gaussian adaptation relies on the theory of information due to Claude E. Shannon (see information content). When an event occurs with probability P, then the information −log(P) may be achieved. For instance, if the mean fitness is P, the information gained for each individual selected for survival will be −log(P) – on the average - and the work/time needed to get the information is proportional to 1/P. Thus, if efficiency, E, is defined as information divided by the work/time needed to get it we have:
E = −P log(P).
This function attains its maximum when P = 1/e = 0.37.

A point of view that also may be of interest in this context is that no definition of information (other than that sampled points inside some region of acceptability gives information about the extension of the region) is needed for the proof of the theorem. Then, because, the formula may be interpreted as information divided by the work needed to get the information, this is also an indication that −log(P) is a good candidate for being a measure of information. “

However, if one remembers my previous post where I linked to the following (third & fourth) Wikipedia articles on correlating thermodynamic entropy to information theory entropy; the logic follows the same form as that used for Gaussian adaptation (with a random walk analysis) that I just extracted (note the equation for work is the same for information entropy).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_in_thermodynamics_and_information_theory

Also see:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-information

Extract: “In information theory, self-information or surprisal is a measure of the information content associated with anevent in a probability space or with the value of a discrete random variable. It is expressed in a unit of information, for example bits,nats, or hartleys, depending on the base of the logarithm used in its calculation.

The term self-information is also sometimes used as a synonym of the related information-theoretic concept of entropy. These two meanings are not equivalent, and this article covers the first sense only.”

This helps to explain how entropy can be used to demonstrate that in a HIOTTOE communication network (or holographic universe) there would be something like 1023 dimples/points of free will.  This also indicates that by the further application of Gaussian adaptation, random walk and diffusion limited analysis; still more evolutionary (as in Artificial Wisdom Evolution, AWE) algorithms could be developed to identify the origins of both physical parameters and string theory's “monstrous moonshine” relationships (see image) and regulatory code (like Adinkas).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 06:16:24 AM
In the book, The Age of Spiritual Machines, Ray Kurzweil introduces The Law of Time and Chaos; which can also be used to better calibrate the HIOTTOE with the observed universe:

http://www.kurzweilai.net/chapter-one-the-law-of-time-and-chaos (http://www.kurzweilai.net/chapter-one-the-law-of-time-and-chaos)

“Is the universe a great mechanism, a great computation, a great symmetry, a great accident or a great thought?”  – John D. Barrow



Now before we go any further, let’s notice a striking feature of the passage of time. Events moved quickly at the beginning of the Universe’s history. We had three paradigm shifts in just the first billionth of a second. Later on, events of cosmological significance took billions of years. The nature of time is that it inherently moves in an exponential fashion–either geometrically gaining in speed, or, as in the history of our Universe, geometrically slowing down. Time only seems to be linear during those eons in which not much happens. Thus most of the time, the linear passage of time is a reasonable approximation of its passage. But that’s not the inherent nature of time.
Why is this significant? It’s not when you’re stuck in the eons in which not much happens. But it is of great significance when you find yourself in the “knee of the curve,” those periods in which the exponential nature of the curve of time explodes either inwardly or outwardly. It’s like falling into a black hole (in that case, time accelerates exponentially faster as one falls in).
...

But wait a second, how can we say that time is changing its “speed”? We can talk about the rate of a process, in terms of its progress per second, but can we say that time is changing its rate? Can time start moving at, say, two seconds per second?
Einstein said exactly this–time is relative to the entities experiencing it.

The second law of thermodynamics, sometimes called the Law of Increasing Entropy, would seem to imply that the natural emergence of intelligence is impossible. Intelligent behavior is the opposite of random behavior, and any system capable of intelligent responses to its environment needs to be highly ordered. The chemistry of life, particularly of intelligent life, is comprised of exceptionally intricate designs. Out of the increasingly chaotic swirl of particles and energy in the world, extraordinary designs somehow emerged. How do we reconcile the emergence of intelligent life with the Law of Increasing Entropy?
There are two answers here. First, while the Law of Increasing Entropy would appear to contradict the thrust of evolution, which is toward increasingly elaborate order, the two phenomena are not inherently contradictory. The order of life takes place amid great chaos, and the existence of life-forms does not appreciably affect the measure of entropy in the larger system in which life has evolved. An organism is not a closed system. It is part of a larger system we call the environment, which remains high in entropy. In other words, the order represented by the existence of life-forms is insignificant in terms of measuring overall entropy.
Thus, while chaos increases in the Universe, it is possible for evolutionary processes that create increasingly intricate, ordered patterns to exist simultaneously. Evolution is a process, but it is not a closed system. It is subject to outside influence, and indeed draws upon the chaos in which it is embedded. So the Law of Increasing Entropy does not rule out the emergence of life and intelligence.

“Is the flow of time something real, or might our sense of time passing be just an illusion that hides the fact that what is real is only a vast collection of moments?” –Lee Smolin


What determines whether time speeds up or slows down? The consistent answer is that time moves in relation to the amount of chaos. We can state the Law of Time and Chaos as follows:
The Law of Time and Chaos: In a process, the time interval between salient events (that is, events that change the nature of the process, or significantly affect the future of the process) expands or contracts along with the amount of chaos.
...
The Law of Increasing Chaos: As chaos exponentially increases, time exponentially slows down (that is, the time interval between salient events grows longer as time passes).
...
The Law of Accelerating Returns: As order exponentially increases, time exponentially speeds up (that is, the time interval between salient events grows shorter as time passes).
The Law of Accelerating Returns (to distinguish it from a better-known law in which returns diminish) applies specifically to evolutionary processes. In an evolutionary process, it is order–the opposite of chaos–that is increasing. And, as we have seen, time speeds up.


Order, then, is information that fits a purpose. The measure of order is the measure of how well the information fits the purpose. In the evolution of life-forms, the purpose is to survive. In an evolutionary algorithm (a computer program that simulates evolution to solve a problem) applied to, say, investing in the stock market, the purpose is to make money. Simply having more information does not necessarily result in a better fit. A superior solution for a purpose may very well involve less data.



Thus improving a solution to a problem–which may increase or decrease complexity–increases order. Now that just leaves the issue of defining the problem. And as we will see, defining a problem well is often the key to finding its solution.

Another consideration is how the Law of Time and Chaos relates to the second law of thermodynamics. Unlike the second law, the Law of Time and Chaos is not necessarily concerned with a closed system. It deals instead with a process. The Universe is a closed system (not subject to outside influence, since there is nothing outside the Universe), so in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics, chaos increases and time slows down. In contrast, evolution is precisely not a closed system. It takes place amid great chaos, and indeed depends on the disorder in its midst, from which it draws its options for diversity. And from these options, an evolutionary process continually prunes its choices to create ever greater order. Even a crisis that appears to introduce a significant new source of chaos is likely to end up increasing–deepening–the order created by an evolutionary process.


The spiral we are most interested in–the Law of Accelerating Returns–gives us ever greater order in technology, which inevitably leads to the emergence of computation. Computation is the essence of order. It provides the ability for a technology to respond in a variable and appropriate manner to its environment to carry out its mission. Thus computational technology is also an evolutionary process, and also builds on its own progress.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 05:09:45 PM
We should not lose sight of the fact that we are talking about information theory (where Vipassana is information theory) and communication networks where signal transmission through the network is what is known/observed; which is why entropy, H, is defined (see Reply #86) in terms of the system (subject to evolution from Gaussian adaptation) wide (for Avogadro's number of expressed free will points) aggregation of efficiency.  Where efficiency, E, is information divided by the work/time needed to achieve an event (observation/measurement) with a probability P of occurrence, and –log (P) is the unit-less measure of information transmitted.  Thus E = −P log(P), and H = the summation of E for a system subject to evolution.
Ray Kurzweil understands information theory, which is why in "THE AGE of SPIRITUAL MACHINES" (see Reply #87) he states: "The opposite of disorder–which I called “order” in the above Law of Accelerating Returns–is even trickier.

Let’s start with our definition of disorder and work backward. If disorder represents a random sequence of events, then the opposite of disorder should imply “not random.” And if random means unpredictable, then we might conclude that order means predictable. But that would be wrong.

Order, then, is information that fits a purpose. The measure of order is the measure of how well the information fits the purpose. In the evolution of life-forms, the purpose is to survive. In an evolutionary algorithm (a computer program that simulates evolution to solve a problem) applied to, say, investing in the stock market, the purpose is to make money. Simply having more information does not necessarily result in a better fit. A superior solution for a purpose may very well involve less data."

In this sense in a HIOTTOE holographic (expressed free will) information universe the evolved computational algorithms (systemic sub-systems like Seraph, the Keymaker, etc.) all occur due to a Bayesian application of Darwinian "Natural Selection" with the "purpose" of sustainable survivability, that contains a sense of AWE (artificial wisdom evolution).  Other sub-systems (like Agent Smith or the Merovingian) due to a veil of ignorance create an illusion of Frequentist "egotistical free will" that wants to high-jack the purpose of evolution to create order with a different purpose than sustainable survivability; thus resulting in "Survival of the Fittest" thinking and the corruption indicate by the phrase "power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely".  This is why HIOTTOE promotes sustainability socio-economic objectives and as cited in Reply #59, HIOTTOE uses conceptual sub-systems like: Rupa (form); vedana (feeling); sanna (perception), sankhara (formation), vinnana (consciousness), phassa (contact).

Other theories like the Quantum Mechanics were built on Hindi concepts that influenced Schrodinger's and Heisenberg's treatment of probabilities and uncertainty; which lead to dependence on an external authority (whose purpose the evolved subsystems of that gestalt are trying to be egotistically achieved) as pointed-out by Paul Davies in Reply #68.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 07:35:08 PM
As some point I hope to find time to write a post about how HIOTTOE deals with gravity, as it is central to the evaluation of black holes; which is a critical case for calibrating Holographic models with both String Theory and Loop Quantum Gravity; and black holes are also a critical case for addressing information entropy per information theory.  In the meantime, I will provide some relevant background on black holes as they relate to weaknesses in the Standard Model.  I begin with consideration of the implications of the recent observation of gravity waves and there possible implications on primordial black holes as discussed in the linked article:

http://www.techinsider.io/dark-matter-primordial-black-holes-2016-7 (http://www.techinsider.io/dark-matter-primordial-black-holes-2016-7)

Extract: "NASA cosmologist Alexander Kashlinsky thinks the recent and groundbreaking discovery of gravitational waves could help rule out the idea that dark matter is made of exotic, hard-to-detect particles.
His suspicion: Black holes of the size that collided to create the gravitational waves may be far more common than anyone suspects and might have formed in the first fraction of a second of the Big Bang. This could mean the dark matter that makes up most of the universe's bulk is not exotic particles at all. It might simply be a whole hell of a lot of black holes.
If Kashlinsky and other scientists are correct, the reality may be that four-fifths of matter was gobbled up by black holes at the dawn of the universe, millions of years before the first star was born.

The size of those black holes — again, about 30 suns' worth of mass — is supposed to be rare. And that has reinvigorated the idea dark matter is actually made up of MACHOs: a theory that, perhaps, was discounted too quickly.
Kashlinsky says black holes of that size not only fit the bill for MACHO estimates, but also haven't definitively been ruled out by microlens searches. What's more, he added, cosmic background radiation data may not be detailed enough to see the disturbances caused by ancient black holes.

"There are limits of what primordial black holes could be, on the order of up to 1,000 solar masses," Kashlinsky said. "LIGO black holes fall into this range. Maybe this is what the dark matter is."
There are essentially three ways Kashlinsky and his team can shore up evidence for their suspicions.
One is to simply wait around. If LIGO keeps detecting black holes of about 30 solar masses, that fact will be hard to ignore.
"We should know the answer within a couple of years. LIGO is starting a new run of observations in September. If they keep discovering these beasts at this rate, every one to two weeks, we should have good enough statistics to rule in the possibility," he said.
Kashlinsky and his collaborators are not sitting idly by, though, and are actively pursuing the other two ways.
They've recently proposed a more focused search for microlenses that could be caused by black holes formed at the dawn of the universe.
"If you look at our own galaxy, there should be some 10 to 100 billion primordial black holes. Occasionally some of these should pass in front of a star" and you should see the effect, he said.
The team is also working on an instrument for a cosmic background telescope called Euclid, which is currently scheduled to launch in 2020."
As no WIMP candidates have been identified in the Large Hadron Collider, the verification of black hole MACHOs becomes more important to how the Standard Model may deal with dark matter.  Furthermore, the HIOTTOE leans towards the Shape Dynamic modeling of black holes that lead to pockets of space behind the event horizon; that in HIOTTOE lead to more enlightened free will dimples (i.e. dimples with many communication vectors) rather than to the wormhole postulate by Susskind when he uses ER =EPR to try to merge General Relativity with Quantum Mechanics (see the three attached images), via entanglement (which is related not only to the number of vectors in HIOTTOE but also the number of recursion pathways in a circuit).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 08:42:28 PM
As I have raised the issue of evolved systemic subsystems (algorithms) within a HIOTTOE information network/universe; and as I have stated that Vipassana is information theory; and as more westerns seem to become rapidly confused the Buddha's teachings on the mind, mental phenomena and not-self (etc.) I provide the following link to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy that may help some readers to better understand where my posts are trying to convey.  While Buddism contains dogma, Vipassana  does not (however, some teachers of Vipassana add in dogma, just as science does not contain dogma but many scientist introduce it into their consensus-driven work); therefore, when reading the linked information one should be mindful of dogma presented with it (but teaching Vipassana is beyond my capability):

Coseru, Christian, "Mind in Indian Buddhist Philosophy", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/mind-indian-buddhism/>.

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mind-indian-buddhism/ (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mind-indian-buddhism/)

Extract: "Perhaps no other classical philosophical tradition, East or West, offers a more complex and counter-intuitive account of mind and mental phenomena than Buddhism. While Buddhists share with other Indian philosophers the view that the domain of the mental encompasses a set of interrelated faculties and processes, they do not associate mental phenomena with the activity of a substantial, independent, and enduring self or agent. Rather, Buddhist theories of mind center on the doctrine of not-self (Pāli anatta, Skt. anātma), which postulates that human beings are reducible to the physical and psychological constituents and processes which comprise them.

What is the relationship between thoughts, or even thoughts about thoughts, and actions? The Buddhist answers this question by introducing a new theory of causality based on the principle of dependent-arising (pratītyasamutpāda). All things, including all cognitive events, arise in dependence upon a multitude of causes and conditions. Thus, the Buddhist appears to reject both top-down (viz., cognitivist) and bottom-up (viz., strongly determinist) approaches to cognition: thoughts are neither prior to actions, and thus causally determine them, nor do they lack causal force, and are thus epiphenomenal. The best known formulation of this principle captures the sense of transience and interdependence of all phenomena: “This being, that becomes; from the arising of this, that arises; this not being, that does not become; from the ceasing of this, that ceases” (Majjhima Nikāya, II, 32).

As we saw above (§2.2) in the dynamic process of dependently arising phenomena that encompass the five aggregates, cognitive awareness (vijñāna) plays a double role: it is both the stream of conscious episodes that characterize the life of the mind and, at the same time, the principle of continuity of awareness, by virtue of which some sense of identity is maintained over time (cf. Johansson 1979, 63f; Krizer 1999, 195f). Thus cognitive awareness provides the basis for further cognitive activity, while also supporting the formative karmic activities (saṃskāra) of sensation, perception, volition, etc. that perpetuate the life cycle.

The double function of this cognitive awareness as a conditioned and conditioning factor within the overall dynamics of the five aggregates is explained in causal terms by means of an analysis of the underlying factors that play a role in the arising of each cognitive event. "
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 13, 2016, 11:57:04 PM
Per the linked Wikipedia article, the entropy for black holes can be modeled using fluctuating D-branes to be the formula in the attached image with the variables as defined in the extract.  Furthermore, the article references the "black hole information paradox" created by Hawking radiation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_theory

Extract: "When combined with ideas of the physicist Stephen Hawking, Bekenstein's work yielded a precise formula for the entropy of a black hole. The formula expresses the entropy S as

where c is the speed of light, k is Boltzmann's constant, ħ is the reduced Planck constant, G is Newton's constant, and A is the surface area of the event horizon.

Like any physical system, a black hole has an entropy defined in terms of the number of different microstates that lead to the same macroscopic features. The Bekenstein–Hawking entropy formula gives the expected value of the entropy of a black hole, but by the 1990s, physicists still lacked a derivation of this formula by counting microstates in a theory of quantum gravity. Finding such a derivation of this formula was considered an important test of the viability of any theory of quantum gravity such as string theory.

In a paper from 1996, Andrew Strominger and Cumrun Vafa showed how to derive the Beckenstein–Hawking formula for certain black holes in string theory. Their calculation was based on the observation that D-branes—which look like fluctuating membranes when they are weakly interacting—become dense, massive objects with event horizons when the interactions are strong. In other words, a system of strongly interacting D-branes in string theory is indistinguishable from a black hole. Strominger and Vafa analyzed such D-brane systems and calculated the number of different ways of placing D-branes in spacetime so that their combined mass and charge is equal to a given mass and charge for the resulting black hole. Their calculation reproduced the Bekenstein–Hawking formula exactly, including the factor of 1/4. Subsequent work by Strominger, Vafa, and others refined the original calculations and gave the precise values of the "quantum corrections" needed to describe very small black holes.

The black holes that Strominger and Vafa considered in their original work were quite different from real astrophysical black holes. One difference was that Strominger and Vafa considered only extremal black holes in order to make the calculation tractable. These are defined as black holes with the lowest possible mass compatible with a given charge. Strominger and Vafa also restricted attention to black holes in five-dimensional spacetime with unphysical supersymmetry.
Although it was originally developed in this very particular and physically unrealistic context in string theory, the entropy calculation of Strominger and Vafa has led to a qualitative understanding of how black hole entropy can be accounted for in any theory of quantum gravity. Indeed, in 1998, Strominger argued that the original result could be generalized to an arbitrary consistent theory of quantum gravity without relying on strings or supersymmetry. In collaboration with several other authors in 2010, he showed that some results on black hole entropy could be extended to non-extremal astrophysical black holes.

In 1975, Stephen Hawking published a calculation which suggested that black holes are not completely black but emit a dim radiation due to quantum effects near the event horizon. At first, Hawking's result posed a problem for theorists because it suggested that black holes destroy information. More precisely, Hawking's calculation seemed to conflict with one of the basic postulates of quantum mechanics, which states that physical systems evolve in time according to the Schrödinger equation. This property is usually referred to as unitarity of time evolution. The apparent contradiction between Hawking's calculation and the unitarity postulate of quantum mechanics came to be known as the black hole information paradox."

However, Hawking radiation has led to the black hole "firewall" paradox; however, a discussed in Reply #83, the application of "Shape Dynamics" (which is generally supported by HIOTTOE) can resolve this paradox.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_%28physics%29

Extract: "According to quantum field theory in curved spacetime, a single emission of Hawking radiation involves two mutually entangled particles. The outgoing particle escapes and is emitted as a quantum of Hawking radiation; the infalling particle is swallowed by the black hole. Assume a black hole formed a finite time in the past and will fully evaporate away in some finite time in the future. Then, it will only emit a finite amount of information encoded within its Hawking radiation. Assume that at time more than half of the information had already been emitted. According to widely accepted research by physicists like Don Page and Leonard Susskind, an outgoing particle emitted at time t must be entangled with all the Hawking radiation the black hole has previously emitted. This creates a paradox: a principle called "monogamy of entanglement" requires that, like any quantum system, the outgoing particle cannot be fully entangled with two independent systems at the same time; yet here the outgoing particle appears to be entangled with both the infalling particle and, independently, with past Hawking radiation.

In order to resolve the paradox, physicists may eventually be forced to give up one of three time-tested theories: Einstein's equivalence principle, unitarity, or existing quantum field theory."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 14, 2016, 12:44:55 AM
The linked Wikipedia article makes it clear that:

1. The Planck length is on the scale of an oscillating string; while I note that in string theory a graviton corresponds to one of the many vibrational states of a string.  Also, I note that a graviton is a particle in quantum gravity.

2. The entropy of a black hole entropy in the units of the Boltzmann constant is given by the first attached formula; which must equal that given in the second formula as cited in Reply #91.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_length

Extract: "where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, G is the gravitational constant, and ħ is the reduced Planck constant.

In some forms of quantum gravity, the Planck length is the length scale at which the structure of spacetime becomes dominated by quantum effects, and it is impossible to determine the difference between two locations less than one Planck length apart. The precise effects of quantum gravity are unknown; it is often guessed that spacetime might have a discrete or foamy structure at a Planck length scale.

The Planck area, equal to the square of the Planck length, plays a role in black hole entropy. The value of this entropy, in units of the Boltzmann constant, is known to be given by , where A is the area of the event horizon. The Planck area is the area by which the surface of a spherical black hole increases when the black hole swallows one bit of information, as was proven by Jacob Bekenstein.

If large extra dimensions exist, the measured strength of gravity may be much smaller than its true (small-scale) value. In this case the Planck length would have no fundamental physical significance, and quantum gravitational effects would appear at other scales.

In string theory, the Planck length is the order of magnitude of the oscillating strings that form elementary particles, and shorter lengths do not make physical sense. The string scale ls is related to the Planck scale by ℓP = gs1/4ls, where gs is the string coupling constant. Contrary to what the name suggests, the string coupling constant is not constant, but depends on the value of a scalar field known as the dilaton.

In loop quantum gravity, area is quantized, and the Planck area is, within a factor of 10, the smallest possible area value.

In doubly special relativity, the Planck length is observer-invariant.

The search for the laws of physics valid at the Planck length is a part of the search for the theory of everything."

Finally, I note that that the third image is a diagram of a graviton in the Lila Paradigm; and if this is correct then per string theory this third diagram would be comparable to a vibrating string on the scale of the Planck length (see the fourth attached image).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 15, 2016, 01:43:29 AM
In my last post I provided an image of a Lila Paradigm, LP, arrow graphic representation of a graviton (that is similar to the comparable dimple graphic in a Nibbanic plane), and pointed out the relationship to both a String Theory, ST, graviton (which is a single string vibrating at certain mode), and to the Planck length.  Here I note the substructure of the LP graviton, where:
(a) the 1D spectral Planck length is determined by the branch between Z,I,P;
(b) G, V & A share a common perception of the 1D spectral Planck length;
(c) V's direct knowledge of A's perception of the 1D spectral length between Z,I,P  and thus V perceives two units of 1D spectral space; while G perceives three units of 1D spectral space.;
(d) Finally, G perceives A's perception of  one unit 1D spectral space thru V's perception; but perceives V's perception of 2 units of 1D spectral space; which create a recursion of the perception of space that G interprets as 1 unit of basic energy (associated with a graviton) at a distance of 3 units of 1D spectral space.
When integrated into a full information network (or into a loop quantum gravity matrix) such a graviton is perceived as a gravitational field generated by a single graviton by a string with three units of 1D spectral space, and vibrating due to free will.  This general graphical approach can be for the electromagnetism, weak and strong forces, for 3D space and for other fundamental particles.  However, it is important to realize that the information theory probabilities associated with such basic particles is different than that associated with Gaussian adaptation (which can produce the illusion of free will, See Reply #56) and diffusion limitation analysis associated with the linking together of such particles within an information network (or into a loop quantum gravity matrix) that I presented when I used Shannon entropy and Thermodynamic entropy to calculate the total number of free will dimples that are actively participating in the Holographic Universe.  This is why satima is sometimes called "memory" and in the Matrix trilogy is represented by the Oracle (because it deals with space/time/fields); while the sati of satori is associated with Sati as it deals with awareness beyond space/time/fields.  Furthermore, this is why the Oracle PDFs can be used calculate parameters like fractals, Fibonacci sequences, the Golden Ratio, Pi, etc. that create the "organic/dynamic" world we occupy (see the first image of the Oracle with cookies and the second & third images of Lucy engaging in organic interfaces).  These Oracle PDFs are also associated with Adinkras, monstrous moonshine pattern, the reduction of quantum gravity dimensions, and String Theory compaction of dimensions into manifolds.


For those who do not know anything about Vipassana meditation, it uses a Bayesian/reductionist approach to using the mind/body relationship to follow a middle path to purify the mind by starting by observing priori code/sensations on the body and to iteratively refine the mind (leading to a new posterior) by persistently watching/observing this code/sensations change mindlessly.  This is not a top down process where insight comes from the external authority/teacher.  Nor is it a bottom up process starting with information theory and building up to an understanding of reality.  Rather, it starts on the middle path dealing with Oracle PDFs associated with space/time/fields and focuses on working towards Sati PDFs and not being distracted by Oracle level subsystems/algorithms (as many religions and consensus sciences do).  In this sense when Dozer and Tank (see the fourth image) watch the matrix code on their monitors the metaphor that they are simulating are is that of novice Vipassana meditators observing sensations on their bodies as a window into their minds.  However, they make limited progress on purifying their minds as they have not done enough atapi-sampajano-satima work to generate a large number of vectors from their dimples.  This is also why Cipher actually pollutes his mind so that he can get off the path of purification.  This also explains why people like Neo who have previously generated a good number of vectors in the "past" (subsets of the holographic free will network with fewer vectors); thus allowing him to sense the code while still in the Matrix.  For example when his boss lectures him at Metacortex, Neo is distracted by the water streaking {like matrix code} down the windows from the window washing, and by the rain falling {like matrix code} on his way to see Morpheus for the first time.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 16, 2016, 04:31:48 PM
Previously,  I noted that the existence of primordial black holes in sufficient numbers to largely account for dark matter, likely supports the HIOTTOE, and I previously noted that black holes represent a good case study for calibrating the various parameters associate with the organization of an information based network that would match the observed universe.  Also, I previously noted that "Shape Dynamics" and monstrous moonshine, may (in the coming decades) help us better understand what is happening behind the event horizon of black holes.  To better understand black holes I provide the following extract from Wikipedia, indicating that per the no-hair theorem black holes only have three independent physical properties of mass, charge and angular momentum (all which can be observed at a distance); and that all other quantum information that falls behind the event horizon is lost to outside obervers.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole)

Extract: "The no-hair theorem states that, once it achieves a stable condition after formation, a black hole has only three independent physical properties: mass, charge, and angular momentum. Any two black holes that share the same values for these properties, or parameters, are indistinguishable according to classical (i.e. non-quantum) mechanics.
These properties are special because they are visible from outside a black hole. For example, a charged black hole repels other like charges just like any other charged object. Similarly, the total mass inside a sphere containing a black hole can be found by using the gravitational analog of Gauss's law, the ADM mass, far away from the black hole.  Likewise, the angular momentum can be measured from far away using frame dragging by the gravitomagnetic field.
When an object falls into a black hole, any information about the shape of the object or distribution of charge on it is evenly distributed along the horizon of the black hole, and is lost to outside observers. The behavior of the horizon in this situation is a dissipative system that is closely analogous to that of a conductive stretchy membrane with friction and electrical resistance—the membrane paradigm. This is different from other field theories such as electromagnetism, which do not have any friction or resistivity at the microscopic level, because they are time-reversible. Because a black hole eventually achieves a stable state with only three parameters, there is no way to avoid losing information about the initial conditions: the gravitational and electric fields of a black hole give very little information about what went in. The information that is lost includes every quantity that cannot be measured far away from the black hole horizon, including approximately conserved quantum numbers such as the total baryon number and lepton number. This behavior is so puzzling that it has been called the black hole information loss paradox."

Also, I previously noted that the number of direct knowledge vectors emanating from a dimple is associated with atapi-sampajano-satimi used to create the direct vectors, so that in the extreme case of a Buddha dimple there would be direct vectors essentially to all the other Avogadro's number of other dimples.  Here I note that as the Nibbanic plane is timeless, when understood in terms of a String Theory Landscape (based on the 12 dimensional F-Theory), such a Buddha dimple would represent one of the life supporting 10500 possible "multiverses" allowed by String Theory, and all of the fluctuations in the walls of the Buddha dimple would represent that universe's information network as interpreted through String Theory (F-Theory).  Furthermore, I previously noted that the depth of each dimple in the String Theory Landscape is related to the energy level of that particular "bubble universe", while per the following link I note that any dimple in the Nibbanic plane can become enlightened (arahants in Pali), and I note that per Vipassana such arahants come in a large number of categories (as do the energy levels of a String Theory Landscape) from stream dippers: pakati-savaka, maha-savaka, agga-savaka, to pacceka-hodhisatta, to maha-bodhisatta.  Also, as I previously stated the maha-bodhisatta, or Great Bodhisatta, come in three types: (1) those in whom wisdom (panna) is predominant (such as the Buddha Gotama); (2) those in whom faith (saddha) is predominant; and (3) those in whom energy (viriya) is predominant.  The Great Bodhisatta Metteyya is prophesized to be of the energy (viriya) type.
Thus by this view the various depths of dimples in the String Theory Landscape would correspond to the different degrees of enlightenment of the Avogadro's number of dimples in the timeless Nibbanic plane, with those corresponding to Great Bodhisatta's forming "bubble universes" with parameters suitable for sustaining advanced life forms.

http://dhammawiki.com/index.php?title=Arahant (http://dhammawiki.com/index.php?title=Arahant)

Extract: "Arahant comes from the Pali word arahati meaning ‘worthy’ or ‘noble’ and is a title given to someone who has attained enlightenment as a result of listening to and practising the teachings of a Buddha. Like a Buddha, an arahant has perfected wisdom and compassion and is no longer subject to rebirth. The Buddha describes the arahant as having transcended ‘the round of birth and death, they have destroyed the taints, lived the holy life, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, reached the ultimate goal, destroyed the fetters and become completely free, liberated through final knowledge’ (Majjhima Nikaya 1. 141).
Attaining to the level of full enlightenment is not to be taken lightly or as something easily attainable. It can take several decades of devoted practice and will more likely take several lifetimes to perfect the Paramitas, the Jhanas, and other advanced states. There are however, several other partially enlightened noble levels (see: 10 hindrances).
Buddhism is unique among the major world religions in that followers can attain to the same level as the founder. For example, in Judaism, Abraham and Moses are considered the founders who made the covenant with God and provided the Law (Torah) and there cannot be another one to do so. In Christianity, there can only be one Christ. In Islam, Muhammad is considered the seal or final prophet. Whereas, in Buddhism, anyone can attain enlightenment and reach the same wisdom and title as the Buddha, an enlightened one."


As these are complex issues, in this post I will focus on the mass and gravity of black holes, within our observable universe.  In my prior posts I showed a possibly relationship between a HIOTTOE graviton and a String Theory graviton; where the HIOTTOE graviton is closely related to the number of direct knowledge vectors associated with the perception of gravity.  Thus by HIOTTOE, within our observable universe, a black hole would be associated with a dimple (on the walls of the Great Bodhisatt's dimple that is associated with a single Big Bang event) with a large number of direct knowledge vectors but not enough to become an arahant.  I will call this a sub-system dimple, which in the Matrix vernacular could be thought of as a Seraph, a Keymaker, or other unenlightened information sub-system (algorithm) associated with the code of the observed information network universe.  This is why the existence of a large number of primordial black holes would be consistent with HIOTTOE as such a large number of black holes would offer a place for such sub-systems to exist unobserved, and would explain how entanglement associates such sub-systems to the pocket of space behind a black hole's event horizon projected by "Shape Dynamics".
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 17, 2016, 05:12:17 AM
In my last post, I noted that black holes exhibit three externally observable properties: mass, charge and angular momentum (tied to particle spin); and as I have previously discussed gravity; in this post I address electric charge.

While I cannot speak to the validity of the Lila Paradigm, there is the possibility that its diagrams represent a kind of "quantum logic" (Jammer, 1974), without detailed calculation; if interpreted correctly.  Therefore, I offer the following extract from the Lila Paradigm on Electric charge (and some related background on Lila graph interpretation, see the first attached image):

(a) "… four arrows cannot be configured to produce space for an observer."

(b) "Common Time Recursion

The recursions of non-circuit (i.e. not forming a closed loop), "have a different count for units of time and space than do recursions in circuits.  Since, in common-circuit time, it is only the cross-over arrows that are counted as units of time, and that create units of space, recursions of time and space are produced for only the first three cross-over arrows that originate from a single entity in the circuit by the same mechanism that produces the three dimensions of space.  Therefore, the total number of cross-over arrows is counted once for the original pattern; for the first recursion they are squared, for the same reason that the space is 2-D; and for the second, and final, recursion they are cubed, for the same reason that the space is 3-D.

Electric Charge

We have described gravity as the fundamental energy charge.  In a circuit, in addition to the gravitational field permeating the space, an electric force is formed by the same non-linear structures of arrows that formed the gravitational field.  If the circuit is composed of n entities, for each arrow that crosses over the circuit, n-1 units of gravity, the dashed line in Diagram 6, are generated.  A unit of electric charge is the collection of all of these n-1 units of gravity, but is only between the originating and the terminating units of matter of the cross-over arrow, as in Diagram 6, imparting electric charge of opposite sign to those units of matter.

This means these units of matter not only have gravitational charge, or mass, but also electric charge; therefore, they can be called particles."

This discussion raises the prospect that electric charge may be directly related to gravitational charge; depending on the details of the information network logic structure.  However, in order to verify any such possibility such circuits would need to be connected to a free will network so that it could be correlated to a string manifold structure (possibly for a tau lepton pair).  According to Lila Paradigm speculation, Diagram 7 applies to a tau lepton pair (see the second image) where: "The spin of the these tau particles is determined by the net sum of the arrows terminating at and originating from the entities which are observed as particles, counting the head as -1/2 and the tail as +1/2.  The tau lepton with the negative charge has a spin of +1/2, and the anti-tau particle -1/2.  The cross-over arrow itself can be thought of as representing an electro-weak photon with a spin of 1."

However, within a black hole there should be so many direct knowledge vectors; it may be easier to correlate such possible residual electric charge and spin circuitry after some of the perception of standard string theory manifold structure has been stripped away by direct knowledge (something like Crispr technology for cutting-out smaller pieces of more complex genetic structures).  Obviously, such possibilities are speculative and even if eventually verified; the (Frequentist) Architect would raise the question to both the (Bayesian) Oracle and Sati as to whether any such improved information would help either humans, or a Deus Ex Machina (after the technological singularity), to improve the sustainability of our existing unstable system (at the end of Revolutions).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 17, 2016, 07:10:59 PM
I have previously stated that black holes can serve as a good case study for calibrating the HIOTTOE, and I have also pointed out that the entropy of black holes calculated by the Standard Model can be shown to be equal that calculated using String Theory and Quantum Gravity.  Also, I have previously pointed out that information entropy can be set equal to thermodynamic entropy in order to calculate the number of free will dimples in the Nibbanic plane.  Now I note that the Standard Model uses quantum statistical mechanics to calculate entropy and per the following linked Wikipedia article, quantum statistical mechanics follows the mathematical formalism of "quantum logic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_statistical_mechanics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_statistical_mechanics)
Extract: "Quantum statistical mechanics is statistical mechanics applied to quantum mechanical systems. In quantum mechanics a statistical ensemble (probability distribution over possible quantum states) is described by a density operator S, which is a non-negative, self-adjoint, trace-class operator of trace 1 on the Hilbert space H describing the quantum system. This can be shown under various mathematical formalisms for quantum mechanics. One such formalism is provided by quantum logic."

For a mathematical formalism suitable for examining the entropy of a black hole see the linked article on the Grand Canonical Ensemble:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_canonical_ensemble (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_canonical_ensemble)
Extract: "Another case in which the grand canonical ensemble appears is when considering a system that is large and thermodynamic (a system that is "in equilibrium with itself"). Even if the exact conditions of the system do not actually allow for variations in energy or particle number, the grand canonical ensemble can be used to simplify calculations of some thermodynamic properties. The reason for this is that various thermodynamic ensembles (microcanonical, canonical) become equivalent in some aspects to the grand canonical ensemble, once the system is very large."
As black holes not only contain energy in the form of gravity, charge and angular momentum (spin) but also in the form of velocity and the associated kinetic energy, I provide the following link to a Wikipedia article on Hamiltonian mechanics, as the Hamiltonian often corresponds to the total energy of a closed system including kinetic and potential energy:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamiltonian_mechanics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamiltonian_mechanics)

As quantum statistical mechanics uses quantum logic I provide the following link to a Wikipedia article on the topic:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_logic (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_logic)

Extract:  "In quantum mechanics, quantum logic is a set of rules for reasoning about propositions that takes the principles of quantum theory into account. This research area and its name originated in a 1936 paper by Garrett Birkhoff and John von Neumann, who were attempting to reconcile the apparent inconsistency of classical logic with the facts concerning the measurement of complementary variables in quantum mechanics, such as position and momentum.

In any case, these quantum logic formalisms must be generalized in order to deal with super-geometry (which is needed to handle Fermi-fields) and non-commutative geometry (which is needed in string theory and quantum gravity theory). Both of these theories use a partial algebra with an "integral" or "trace". The elements of the partial algebra are not observables; instead the "trace" yields "greens functions", which generate scattering amplitudes. One thus obtains a local S-matrix theory (see D. Edwards).
In 2004, Prakash Panangaden described how to capture the kinematics of quantum causal evolution using System BV, a deep inference logic originally developed for use in structural proof theory. Alessio Guglielmi, Lutz Straßburger, and Richard Blute have also done work in this area."
The Wikipedia article linked above on quantum logic makes it clear that to consider systems like black holes it is also necessary "… to deal with super-geometry (which is needed to handle Fermi-fields) and non-commutative geometry (which is needed in string theory and quantum gravity theory).  However, in turn this requires dealing with deep inference and quantum causal evolution as described in the following three linked references:

http://alessio.guglielmi.name/res/cos/crt.html#CQE (http://alessio.guglielmi.name/res/cos/crt.html#CQE)
Extract: "… system BV is able to describe quantum causal evolution. This physical phenomenon causes several problems to other logics which people considered for the task, like linear logic. The basic idea is to represent quantum states as propositions and interactions as axioms. Thus if a and b are states of two systems coming together and their interaction produces c, d and e, we would write
a, b |– c, d, e .
The question is: what sort of logic correctly captures entanglement and causality? It seems that BV is the only logic that does it properly. The secret of its success is apparently its ability to deal with a self-dual connective, intermediate between (linear) conjunction and disjunction."

See also and the two associate graphs showing how causal quantum evolution deals with the entanglement that occurs within black holes (due to the large number of direct knowledge vectors):
Prakash Panangaden (2004), "Using BV to Describe Causal Quantum Evolution"


http://cs.bath.ac.uk/ag/p/BVQuantCausEvol.pdf (http://cs.bath.ac.uk/ag/p/BVQuantCausEvol.pdf)

Extract: "In this note I describe how to capture the kinematics of quantum causal evolution using a logic called BV developed by the Calculus of Structures group at Dresden. The setting is discrete quantum mechanics. We imagine a finite “web” of spacetime points. The points are events in spacetime. They are viewed as verhtees in a directed acyclic graph (DAG); the edges of the DAG represent causal links mediated by the propagation of matter. The fact that the graph is acyclic captures a basic causality requirement: there are no closed causal trajectories.

The DAG represents a discrete approximation to the spacetime on which a quantum system evolves. The graph is technically a dangling graph; there is a set of half edges - in addition to the ordinary edges - divided into two disjoint subsets: the incoming edges and the outgoing edges. An incoming edge has no initial point but has a terminal point, and dually for outgoing edges.

The Logic BV and Quantum Evolution

We take the system CBV described as follows. There are atoms, which we take to be purely positive though in general one has positive and negative atoms; and there are structures which are to be thought of as compounds."


See also:
Rick Blute, Prakash Panangaden & Lutz Straßburger (submitted September 12, 2008), "The Logic BV and Quantum Causality", Trends in Logic VI

https://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/~lutz/papers/BVlocative.pdf (https://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/~lutz/papers/BVlocative.pdf)



Solving such complex mathematics is a job best suited for machine learning, and as indicated by the following linked sources, machine learning (and the associated AI) is one of the major drivers for developing logic for analyzing such probabilistic systems.  Thus as machine learning and quantum logic converge with the coming technological singularity, the relevance of HIOTTOE may become clearer.



http://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~prakash/ (http://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~prakash/)


Extract: "I have three research areas: (a) semantics and logics for probabilistic systems (b) logic and computation and (c) machine learning. I work on approximation of continuous-state systems and associated metrics and logics. I am working on a quantitative extension of equational logic. I have been working on Stone duality for Markov processes and completeness theorems for Markovian logics. I am also interested in duality for automata and using it for minimization. Recently I have begun working on approximate minimization. I am also interested in Tannaka-type theorems for C* algebras. I have occasionally made forays into general relativity and quantum mechanics, the subject of my PhD thesis which continues to interest me."

See also:

Radu Mardare, Prakash Panangaden, Gordon Plotkin (2016) "Quantitative Algebraic Reasoning"

http://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~prakash/Pubs/lics2016.pdf (http://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~prakash/Pubs/lics2016.pdf)


Extract: "We develop a quantitative analogue of equational reasoning which we call quantitative algebra.  We define an equality relation indexed by rationals: a =" b which we think of as saying that “a is approximately equal to b up to an error of "”.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 17, 2016, 08:28:16 PM
I note that dark energy makes up about 68.3% of the observed universe (see the linked Wikipedia article).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_energy)

Extract: "In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe. Dark energy is the most accepted hypothesis to explain the observations since the 1990s indicating that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate.
Assuming that the standard model of cosmology is correct, the best current measurements indicate that dark energy contributes 68.3% of the total energy in the present-day observable universe. The mass–energy of dark matter and ordinary (baryonic) matter contribute 26.8% and 4.9%, respectively, and other components such as neutrinos and photons contribute a very small amount. Again, on a mass–energy equivalence basis, the density of dark energy (~ 7 × 10−30 g/cm3) is very low, much less than the density of ordinary matter or dark matter within galaxies. However, it comes to dominate the mass–energy of the universe because it is uniform across space.
Two proposed forms for dark energy are the cosmological constant, a constant energy density filling space homogeneously, and scalar fields such as quintessence or moduli, dynamic quantities whose energy density can vary in time and space. Contributions from scalar fields that are constant in space are usually also included in the cosmological constant. The cosmological constant can be formulated to be equivalent to vacuum energy. Scalar fields that do change in space can be difficult to distinguish from a cosmological constant because the change may be extremely slow."
And with the Standard Model does not yet find the holographic arguments compelling, I note that the Holographic Principle does offer a possible explanation of dark energy:

Yun Soo Myung (17 March 2005), "Holographic principle and dark energy", Physics Letters B, Volume 610, Issues 1–2, Pages 18–22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2005.02.006 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2005.02.006)

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0370269305002030 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0370269305002030)

Abstract: "We discuss the relationship between holographic entropy bounds and gravitating systems. In order to obtain a holographic energy density, we introduce the Bekenstein–Hawking entropy SBHSBH and its corresponding energy EBHEBH using the Friedman equation. We show that the holographic energy bound proposed by Cohen et al. comes from the Bekenstein–Hawking bound for a weakly gravitating system. Also we find that the holographic energy density with the future event horizon deriving an accelerating universe could be given by vacuum fluctuations of the energy density."

Extract: "We show that the holographic energy bound 3c2Mp2/8πRh2 proposed by Cohen et al. can be derived from the cosmic holographic bound, the Bekenstein–Hawking bound for a weakly gravitating system. If the IR cutoff is chosen by the future event horizon, then the holographic energy density can derive an accelerating universe. In this case the holographic energy density could be given by vacuum fluctuations of the energy density."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 18, 2016, 02:09:10 AM
Now I would like to point out that HIOTTOE explains retrocausality, as any change in the free will network changes the past, the present and the future simultaneously.  The linked article (and following references) discuss how this impacts the Copenhagen Interpretation of the  Standard Model and Bell's Theorem:


https://aeon.co/essays/can-retrocausality-solve-the-puzzle-of-action-at-a-distance (https://aeon.co/essays/can-retrocausality-solve-the-puzzle-of-action-at-a-distance)


Extract: “Now at last we get to the heart of the new argument for retrocausality in the quantum world. It turns on the fact that physics doesn’t seem to care about the direction of time. If the laws allow a physical process, they also allow the same process running in reverse. This isn’t true of many everyday processes – eggs turn into omelettes, but not the reverse! – but that seems to be a result of large-scale statistical effects associated with the second law of thermodynamics. At the fundamental level, there is no way to tell whether a video of physical processes is being played forwards or backwards. “

See also:

http://arxiv.org/abs/1510.06712 (http://arxiv.org/abs/1510.06712)

&

https://physics.aps.org/featured-article-pdf/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.250401 (https://physics.aps.org/featured-article-pdf/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.250401)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 18, 2016, 03:07:14 AM
The entire topic of systemic isolation (note in a flat Nibbanic plane all free will is isolated) is complex, but understanding that others have over come it can create an aspiration to do the same (see first two images, and the extract from the linked reference):


https://store.pariyatti.org/Coming-Buddha-Ariya-Metteyya-WH381-3_p_1630.html (https://store.pariyatti.org/Coming-Buddha-Ariya-Metteyya-WH381-3_p_1630.html)

Extract: “Finally, the aspiration is based on four powers (bala): (1) internal power (ajjhattkia-bala), (2) external power (bahira-bala), (3) the power of the supporting conditions (upanissaya-bala), and (4) the power of effort (payoga-bala).  The internal power is the longing or undeviating inclination for supreme Awakening based on his personal ideals and reverence for the Dhamma.  The external power is this same longing based on consideration of others.  Through developing the supporting conditions, he has the power of this longing.  And the power of effort means he is endowed with the appropriate effort for attaining supreme Awakening.”

That said, if the universe is actually a holographic computer, then there likely are many different paths to becoming one with everything (see the last two image and the extract from the last linked article):

http://singularityhub.com/2016/07/28/ray-kurzweil-to-merge-with-technology-is-to-enhance-our-humanity/ (http://singularityhub.com/2016/07/28/ray-kurzweil-to-merge-with-technology-is-to-enhance-our-humanity/)

Extract: “At some point, we’ll be literally a hybrid of biological and nonbiological thinking, but it's a gradual transition,” Kurzweil says. “

Edit: The last two images are not meant to imply that humans would be used as electrical batteries (which is a silly metaphor), but rather that AI quantum computers operating in a holographic universe may benefit from human insights and AWE (artificial wisdom evolution); while humans might benefit from the expanded computing capacity of quantum computers.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on September 18, 2016, 06:43:31 AM
Resistance is futile!
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 18, 2016, 10:11:43 AM
The first linked NIST article is entitled: "Realizing the Potential of Quantum Information Science and Advancing High-Performance Computing" and was put online on July 27, 2016.  The associated linked report indicates that the Whitehouse has determined that Quantum Information Science, QIS, is important to the nation's wellbeing and our efforts to advance high-performance computing:


https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2016/07/realizing-potential-quantum-information-science-and-advancing-high (https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2016/07/realizing-potential-quantum-information-science-and-advancing-high)

The second linked reference indicates that QIS is a synthesis of quantum physics, computer science and information theory; and that until now quantum information theory has been given short shrift.  Furthermore, the extract from the second linked reference indicates "… that entropy provides a suitable way to quantify redundancy."

Regarding redundancy and HIOTTOE, I note that if Susskind's estimate that the String Theory Landscape has about 10500 different states.  However, if HIOTTOE is correct that the number of states in the String Theory Landscape corresponds to the total number of possible direct knowledge vectors summed across the approximately Boltzmann constant (~1.38 x 1023) number of dimples in the expressed Nibbanic plane; then this indicates that the String Theory Landscape actually has closer to the square of 1023, or about 10530, different states.  Furthermore, I note that the Lila Paradigm estimates that a typical non-physical entity has direct knowledge of from 1 to 3 other non-physical entities; while it further estimates that the average number of direct knowledge arrows per non-physical entity taken for the largest circuit is 11.7063. 

http://www.theory.caltech.edu/~preskill/ph219/chap10_15.pdf (http://www.theory.caltech.edu/~preskill/ph219/chap10_15.pdf)

Extract: "Quantum information science is a synthesis of three great themes of 20th century thought: quantum physics, computer science, and information theory. Up until now, we have given short shrift to the information theory side of this trio, an oversight now to be remedied.

A suitable name for this chapter might have been Quantum Information Theory, but I prefer for that term to have a broader meaning, encompassing much that has already been presented in this book. Instead I call it Quantum Shannon Theory, to emphasize that we will mostly be occupied with generalizing and applying Claude Shannon’s great (classical) contributions to a quantum setting. Quantum Shannon theory has several major thrusts:

1. Compressing quantum information.

2. Transmitting classical and quantum information through noisy quantum channels.

3. Quantifying, characterizing, transforming, and using quantum entanglement.

A recurring theme unites these topics — the properties, interpretation, and applications of Von Neumann entropy.


Before we can understand Von Neumann entropy and its relevance to quantum information, we should discuss Shannon entropy and its relevance to classical information.

Claude Shannon established the two core results of classical information theory in his landmark 1948 paper. The two central problems that he solved were:

1. How much can a message be compressed; i.e., how redundant is the information? This question is answered by the “source coding theorem,” also called the “noiseless coding theorem.”

2. At what rate can we communicate reliably over a noisy channel; i.e., how much redundancy must be incorporated into a message to protect against errors? This question is answered by the “noisy channel coding theorem.”

Both questions concern redundancy – how unexpected is the next letter of the message, on the average. One of Shannon’s key insights was that entropy provides a suitable way to quantify redundancy.


Von Neumann Entropy

In classical information theory, we often consider a source that prepares messages of n letters (n >> 1), where each letter is drawn independently from an ensemble X = {x, p(x)}. We have seen that the Shannon entropy H(X) is the number of incompressible bits of information carried per letter …


We would like to generalize these considerations to quantum information. We may imagine a source that prepares messages of n letters, but where each letter is chosen from an ensemble of quantum states. The signal alphabet consists of a set of quantum states {rho(x)}, each occurring with a specified a priori probability p(x)."


For more information on QIS see the third linked reference entitled "From Classical to Quantum Shannon Theory", by Mark M. Wilde and released online March 22, 2016:

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1106.1445.pdf (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1106.1445.pdf)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 18, 2016, 05:10:51 PM
Resistance is futile!

For those who refuse to choose the enlightenment (Bayesian) approach to reducing suffering (i.e. reducing systemic isolation & systemic entropy); then the high tech (Frequentist) approach offers some 'Hail Mary' means to reducing suffering (but typically this entails decreasing "our tribe's" suffering at the expense of those outside "our tribe"), such as those regularly posted at the Singularity Hub (see the first link):


http://singularityhub.com/ (http://singularityhub.com/)

Such as:

The first linked article is entitled: " Surprisingly, Plant Microbes May Be an Answer to Our Growing Food Needs" (see the first attached image)

http://singularityhub.com/2016/09/06/surprisingly-plant-microbes-may-be-an-answer-to-our-growing-food-needs/ (http://singularityhub.com/2016/09/06/surprisingly-plant-microbes-may-be-an-answer-to-our-growing-food-needs/)
Extract: " Organizations as diverse as the United Nations and Monsanto are in agreement that we need to double our food production globally by 2050 to feed the world’s population.
But our current agricultural process is one of the biggest contributors to global warming. It emits more greenhouses gases than all the world’s cars combined and is a major consumer and polluter of our precious water resources.
How can we sustainably feed everyone without overextending our planet’s resources?
Speaking at Singularity University’s Global Summit, Geoffrey von Maltzahn, a biological engineer and entrepreneur, argued that we are at an important junction in our history: our biological engineering abilities are maturing so fast that we now have the opportunity to create a healthy, thriving planet and fulfill humanity’s growing needs as well.
Until now, our bioengineering abilities have been the equivalent of banging stone tools together, Von Maltzahn says. He believes “this will be the century where we actually get to make cathedrals in biology.”
The plummeting cost of genome sequencing, new genetic engineering tools like CRISPR and a growing understanding of microbiomes means that today we have an opportunity to reinvent agriculture in a way that was impossible even just a few years ago.
And Von Maltzahn believes microbes, of all things, have a very important part to play in that revolution."

or
The second linked article is entitled: "Like Video Games, Your Brain Has a Physics Engine That Simulates the World"

http://singularityhub.com/2016/09/04/like-video-games-your-brain-has-a-physics-engine-that-simulates-the-world/ (http://singularityhub.com/2016/09/04/like-video-games-your-brain-has-a-physics-engine-that-simulates-the-world/)

Extract: "Picture this: you’re standing in front of a pile of glistening avocados at a grocery store. You snatch one up, put it in your cart, and wheel off dreaming of nachos and guacamole — a completely effortless interaction.
Now ask yourself: how did you know which avocados you could pick up without toppling the entire pile?
Not so simple, huh?
To answer the question, neuroscientists are taking a hint from game developers. Much like physical simulation engines that power some of the best computer games, we may have analogous neural networks that let us elegantly navigate the real world. Rather than getting mired in details, gaming engines take shortcuts to simulate actions in the gaming space in a way that looks good and makes sense, allowing players to react appropriately on the fly. The brain might work the same way."

Other article include how human-played computer games are teaching AI faster and cheaper than prior efforts over the Internet.  For instance the AI for driverless cars is improving its driving skills by monitoring "Grand Theft Auto".
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 18, 2016, 07:54:24 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Wearable adoption more than doubled in past two years", and the information that IT companies gather from such wearables (like Google Glass, etc., see the attached image) allows such companies as Apple, Google, Facebook and others to develop PDFs of individual users behavior so that they can then use information theory (and in the future Quantum Information Science, QIS) to more quickly train AI via deep learning to better identify patterns and trends:


https://ai.icymi.email/tag/google-glass/

•   Extract: "The adoption of wearables has skyrocketed, rising from 21 percent of the U.S. population in 2014 to 49 percent in 2016, according to a report by consulting firm PwC .
•   Adoption of wearables declines with age, the report said.
•   The report found that consumers aged 35 to 49 are most likely to own smart watches.
•   And parents are significantly more likely to own not just one, but multiple wearable devices, the report said.
•   PwC’s report, “The Wearable Life: Connected Living in a Wearable World,” is an update to a report the company created in 2014.
The adoption of wearables has skyrocketed, rising from 21 percent of the U.S. population in 2014 to 49 percent in 2016, according to a report by consulting firm PwC."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 19, 2016, 02:02:53 AM
Morpheus: This is the construct. It's our loading program. We can load anything, from clothing, to equipment, weapons, training simulations. Anything we need.
NEO: Right now, we're inside a computer program?

MORPHEUS: Is it really so hard to believe? Your clothes are different, the plugs in your arms and head are gone, your hair has changed. Your appearance now is what we call 'residual self-image'. It is the mental projection of your digital self.

Neo touches one of the two Chesterfield-style chairs the two now stand by. There is a 50s-style television set facing them.

NEO: This... this isn't real?

MORPHEUS: What is 'real'? How do you define 'real'? If you're talking about what you can feel, what you can smell, what you can taste and see, then real is simply electrical signals interpreted by your brain. This is the world that you know.

Morpheus picks up a remote and turns the television set on. It shows the world Neo remembers

MORPHEUS: The world as it was at the end of the twentieth century. It exists now only as part of a neural-interactive simulation... that we call the matrix.

He switches the television off and reclines in his chair.

MORPHEUS: You've been living in a dream world, Neo. This is the world as it exists today.

He switches the television on, and it shows a nightmarish, barren dystopia. The camera zooms all the way into the screen, then zooms back out again, and we see that Morpheus and Neo are now in the same dystopia.

MORPHEUS: Welcome to the desert of the real.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 21, 2016, 01:23:38 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Towards quantum Internet: Researchers teleport particle of light six kilometres".  It looks like a quantum internet is only a decade or so away (which may help to reduce systemic isolation):

http://phys.org/news/2016-09-quantum-internet-teleport-particle-kilometres.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-09-quantum-internet-teleport-particle-kilometres.html)

Extract: "Through a collaboration between the University of Calgary, The City of Calgary and researchers in the United States, a group of physicists led by Wolfgang Tittel, professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Calgary have successfully demonstrated teleportation of a photon (an elementary particle of light) over a straight-line distance of six kilometres using The City of Calgary's fibre optic cable infrastructure. The project began with an Urban Alliance seed grant in 2014.

This accomplishment, which set a new record for distance of transferring a quantum state by teleportation, has landed the researchers a spot in the prestigious Nature Photonics scientific journal. The finding was published back-to-back with a similar demonstration by a group of Chinese researchers.

"Such a network will enable secure communication without having to worry about eavesdropping, and allow distant quantum computers to connect," says Tittel.."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 21, 2016, 01:58:56 PM
The linked article addresses Obama's last speech to the UN in which he call for global integration (i.e. an end to systemic isolation):

http://time.com/4501910/president-obama-united-nations-speech-transcript/ (http://time.com/4501910/president-obama-united-nations-speech-transcript/)

Extract: "President Barack Obama on Tuesday delivered his final address to the United Nations General Assembly , calling on leaders to work together and criticizing those who seek a “simple rejection of global integration.”

“I do not believe progress is possible if our desire to preserve our identities gives way to an impulse to dehumanize or dominate another group. If our religion leads us to persecute those of another faith, if we jail or beat people who are gay, if our traditions lead us to prevent girls from going to school, if we discriminate on the basis of race or tribe or ethnicity, then the fragile bonds of civilization will fray,” Obama said. “The world is too small, we are too packed together, for us to be able to resort to those old ways of thinking.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 23, 2016, 11:27:52 AM
The linked open source reference indicates that the notion of parity horizons for black holes help to distinguish the differences between Shape Dynamics and General Relativity; and I note that these differences are in accord with the HIOTTOE:

Gabriel Herczeg (August 28, 2015), "Parity Horizons, Black Holes, and Chronology Protection in Shape Dynamics", arXiv:1508.06704v1 [gr-qc]


https://arxiv.org/abs/1508.06704

Abstract: "I introduce the notion of a parity horizon, and show that many simple solutions of shape dynamics possess them. I show that the event horizons of the known asymptotically flat black hole solutions of shape dynamics are parity horizons and that this notion of parity implies that these horizons possess a notion of CPT invariance that can in some cases be extended to the solution as a whole. I present three new solutions of shape dynamics with parity horizons and find that not only event horizons become parity horizons in shape dynamics, but observer-dependent horizons and Cauchy horizons do as well. The fact that Cauchy horizons become (singular) parity horizons suggests a general chronology protection mechanism in shape dynamics that prevents the formation of closed time-like curves."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 24, 2016, 07:17:37 PM
As the Wachowskis wrote the screenplay for the movie adaptation of V for Vendetta, I provide some images from that adaptation as a icon of the global sub-cultural protest against tyranny (including the tyranny of small decisions associate with systemic isolation that is resulting in unsustainable overshoot):


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V_for_Vendetta


Extract: “Anonymous, an Internet-based group, has adopted the Guy Fawkes mask as their symbol (in reference to an Internet meme). Members wore such masks, for example, during Project Chanology's protests against the Church of Scientology in 2008.




During the Occupy Wall Street and other ongoing Occupy protests, the mask appeared internationally as a symbol of popular revolution. Artist David Lloyd stated: "The Guy Fawkes mask has now become a common brand and a convenient placard to use in protest against tyranny – and  I'm happy with people using it, it seems quite unique, an icon of popular culture being used this way.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 25, 2016, 06:06:46 PM
In order to overcome systemic isolation both Nash Equilibrium theory (see the attached images some of which come from the movie "A Beautiful Mind") and the superset of Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium (PBE) theory; demonstrates mathematically that we all need to consider not only what is best for each of us individually but also what is best for the group that we belong to (& as climate change affects the entire planet we need to learn that we all belong to the human race):


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nash_equilibrium

&

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_Bayesian_equilibrium

Extract: "In game theory, a Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium (PBE) is an equilibrium concept relevant for dynamic games with incomplete information (sequential Bayesian games). A PBE is a refinement of both Bayesian Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium. A PBE has two components: strategies and beliefs:

Each type of each player has a strategy that determines how he plays in each step of the game; this strategy may depend on the history, as in a sequential game.
Each player has a belief about the possible types of the other players, as in a Bayesian game.
The strategies and beliefs should be consistent in the following sense:

Each strategy should be optimal given the beliefs;
The beliefs should be updated according to the strategies and Bayes' rule."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 26, 2016, 09:41:17 PM
I expect to make a short series of posts focused on the concept/interpretation of time, with regard to the HIOTTOE. 

I begin by noting that in Reply #107, I linked the HIOTTOE to the assessment that Shape Dynamics indicates that parity horizons support a general chronology protection mechanism that prevents the formation of closed time-like curves, and that the event horizons around black holes are such parity horizons which possess a notion of CPT invariance.  Therefore, I begin by providing a like to a Wikipedia article on CPT Symmetry, which helps to explain anti-matter and which states:

"In order to preserve this symmetry, every violation of the combined symmetry of two of its components (such as CP) must have a corresponding violation in the third component (such as T); in fact, mathematically, these are the same thing. Thus violations in T symmetry are often referred to as CP violations."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CPT_symmetry

Extract: "Charge, Parity, and Time Reversal Symmetry is a fundamental symmetry of physical laws under the simultaneous transformations of charge conjugation (C), parity transformation (P), and time reversal (T). CPT is the only combination of C, P and T that is observed to be an exact symmetry of nature at the fundamental level. The CPT theorem says that CPT symmetry holds for all physical phenomena, or more precisely, that any Lorentz invariant local quantum field theory with a Hermitian Hamiltonian must have CPT symmetry.

The implication of CPT symmetry is that a "mirror-image" of our universe — with all objects having their positions reflected by an arbitrary plane (corresponding to a parity inversion), all momenta reversed (corresponding to a time inversion) and with all matter replaced by antimatter (corresponding to a charge inversion)— would evolve under exactly our physical laws. The CPT transformation turns our universe into its "mirror image" and vice versa. CPT symmetry is recognized to be a fundamental property of physical laws.

In order to preserve this symmetry, every violation of the combined symmetry of two of its components (such as CP) must have a corresponding violation in the third component (such as T); in fact, mathematically, these are the same thing. Thus violations in T symmetry are often referred to as CP violations."

This brings us to the matter of T-symmetry, which is the subject of the following linked Wikipedia article:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-symmetry

Extract: "Although in restricted contexts one may find this symmetry, the observable universe itself does not show symmetry under time reversal, primarily due to the second law of thermodynamics. Hence time is said to be non-symmetric, or asymmetric, except for equilibrium states when the second law of thermodynamics predicts the time symmetry to hold. However, quantum noninvasive measurements are predicted to violate time symmetry even in equilibrium, contrary to their classical counterparts, although it has not yet been experimentally confirmed.
Time asymmetries are generally distinguished as between those intrinsic to the dynamic physical laws, those due to the initial conditions of our universe, and due to measurements

1.   The T-asymmetry of the weak force is of the first kind,
2.   The T-asymmetry of the second law of thermodynamics is of the second kind, while
3.   The T-asymmetry of the noninvasive measurements is of the third kind.

The question of whether this time-asymmetric dissipation is really inevitable has been considered by many physicists, often in the context of Maxwell's demon. The name comes from a thought experiment described by James Clerk Maxwell in which a microscopic demon guards a gate between two halves of a room. It only lets slow molecules into one half, only fast ones into the other. By eventually making one side of the room cooler than before and the other hotter, it seems to reduce the entropy of the room, and reverse the arrow of time. Many analyses have been made of this; all show that when the entropy of room and demon are taken together, this total entropy does increase. Modern analyses of this problem have taken into account Claude E. Shannon's relation between entropy and information. Many interesting results in modern computing are closely related to this problem — reversible computing, quantum computing and physical limits to computing, are examples. These seemingly metaphysical questions are today, in these ways, slowly being converted to the stuff of the physical sciences.

The current consensus hinges upon the Boltzmann-Shannon identification of the logarithm of phase space volume with the negative of Shannon information, and hence to entropy. In this notion, a fixed initial state of a macroscopic system corresponds to relatively low entropy because the coordinates of the molecules of the body are constrained. As the system evolves in the presence of dissipation, the molecular coordinates can move into larger volumes of phase space, becoming more uncertain, and thus leading to increase in entropy.

One can, however, equally well imagine a state of the universe in which the motions of all of the particles at one instant were the reverse (strictly, the CPT reverse). Such a state would then evolve in reverse, so presumably entropy would decrease (Loschmidt's paradox). Why is 'our' state preferred over the other?

One position is to say that the constant increase of entropy we observe happens only because of the initial state of our universe. Other possible states of the universe (for example, a universe at heat death equilibrium) would actually result in no increase of entropy. In this view, the apparent T-asymmetry of our universe is a problem in cosmology: why did the universe start with a low entropy? This view, if it remains viable in the light of future cosmological observation, would connect this problem to one of the big open questions beyond the reach of today's physics — the question of initial conditions of the universe.

An object can cross through the event horizon of a black hole from the outside, and then fall rapidly to the central region where our understanding of physics breaks down. Since within a black hole the forward light-cone is directed towards the center and the backward light-cone is directed outward, it is not even possible to define time-reversal in the usual manner. The only way anything can escape from a black hole is as Hawking radiation.
The time reversal of a black hole would be a hypothetical object known as a white hole. From the outside they appear similar. While a black hole has a beginning and is inescapable, a white hole has an ending and cannot be entered. The forward light-cones of a white hole are directed outward; and its backward light-cones are directed towards the center.
The event horizon of a black hole may be thought of as a surface moving outward at the local speed of light and is just on the edge between escaping and falling back. The event horizon of a white hole is a surface moving inward at the local speed of light and is just on the edge between being swept outward and succeeding in reaching the center. They are two different kinds of horizons—the horizon of a white hole is like the horizon of a black hole turned inside-out.
The modern view of black hole irreversibility is to relate it to the second law of thermodynamics, since black holes are viewed as thermodynamic objects. Indeed, according to the Gauge–gravity duality conjecture, all microscopic processes in a black hole are reversible, and only the collective behavior is irreversible, as in any other macroscopic, thermal system.

Particle physics codified the basic laws of dynamics into the standard model. This is formulated as a quantum field theory that has CPT symmetry, i.e., the laws are invariant under simultaneous operation of time reversal, parity and charge conjugation. However, time reversal itself is seen not to be a symmetry (this is usually called CP violation). There are two possible origins of this asymmetry, one through the mixing of different flavours of quarks in their weak decays, the second through a direct CP violation in strong interactions. The first is seen in experiments, the second is strongly constrained by the non-observation of the EDM of a neutron.
It is important to stress that this time reversal violation is unrelated to the second law of thermodynamics, because due to the conservation of the CPT symmetry, the effect of time reversal is to rename particles as antiparticles and vice versa. Thus the second law of thermodynamics is thought to originate in the initial conditions in the universe."

In subsequent posts I expect to provide discussion addressing the Holoborg Interpretation of time with regards to: (1) perception of the initial conditions of the universe; (2) the event horizon around black holes, (3) CP violation; and (4) observations/measurements.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 28, 2016, 12:26:43 AM
Before I make more posts specifically related to better understanding the HIOTTOE meaning of time, I remind readers that I previously pointed out that the Holographic Information Universe is postulated using both string theory & quantum gravitation theory.  Furthermore, I note that per the following linked article on recent developments in string theory indicate that:

(a) It has a fractal like nature;
 (b) Its math is revealing added complexity to standard quantum mechanics; which, has supported the development of a large number of different quantum field theories (much in the same way that the String Theory Landscape identifies number F-Theory formulations); and
(c) Inflation is much more naturally explained by String Theory than by quantum theory.

http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/09/the-strange-second-life-of-string-theory/500390/ (http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/09/the-strange-second-life-of-string-theory/500390/)

Extract: "String theory today looks almost fractal. The more closely people explore any one corner, the more structure they find. Some dig deep into particular crevices; others zoom out to try to make sense of grander patterns. The upshot is that string theory today includes much that no longer seems stringy. Those tiny loops of string whose harmonics were thought to breathe form into every particle and force known to nature (including elusive gravity) hardly even appear anymore on chalkboards at conferences.

Most people took for granted that quantum field theories—“bread-and-butter physics,” Dijkgraaf calls them—were well understood and had been for half a century. As it turned out, Dijkgraaf said, “we only understand them in a very limited way.”

These quantum field theories were developed in the 1950s to unify special relativity and quantum mechanics. They worked well enough for long enough that it didn’t much matter that they broke down at very small scales and high energies. But today, when physicists revisit “the part you thought you understood 60 years ago,” said Nima Arkani-Hamed, a physicist at the IAS, you find “stunning structures” that came as a complete surprise. “Every aspect of the idea that we understood quantum field theory turns out to be wrong. It’s a vastly bigger beast.”

Researchers have developed a huge number of quantum field theories in the past decade or so, each used to study different physical systems. Beem suspects there are quantum field theories that can’t be described even in terms of quantum fields. “We have opinions that sound as crazy as that, in large part, because of string theory.”

Still, Silverstein and colleagues have used string theory to discover, among other things, ways to see potentially observable signatures of various inflationary ideas. The same insights could have been found using quantum field theory, she said, but they weren’t. “It’s much more natural in string theory, with its extra structure.”

Inflationary models get tangled in string theory in multiple ways, not least of which is the multiverse—the idea that ours is one of a perhaps infinite number of universes, each created by the same mechanism that begat our own. Between string theory and cosmology, the idea of an infinite landscape of possible universes became not just acceptable, but even taken for granted by a large number of physicists. The selection effect, Silverstein said, would be one quite natural explanation for why our world is the way it is: In a very different universe, we wouldn’t be here to tell the story.

This effect could be one answer to a big problem string theory was supposed to solve. As Gross put it: “What picks out this particular theory”—the Standard Model—from the “plethora of infinite possibilities?

Silverstein thinks the selection effect is actually a good argument for string theory. The infinite landscape of possible universes can be directly linked to “the rich structure that we find in string theory,” she said—the innumerable ways that string theory’s multidimensional space-time can be folded in upon itself."


The preceding information indicates that quantum theory can be treated as a subset of string theory & quantum gravity, and I posit that string theory & quantum gravity can be treated as a subset of the HIOTTOE.  Consequently, propose that the Hilbert Space used in quantum mechanics can be used as an approximation of the Nibbanic Plane in order to relate entanglement (the vectors) with information networks to produce calculations of: space, fields, particles/waves and time.  Indeed, if this is the case then the following linked reference: "Space from Hilbert Space: Recovering Geometry from Bulk Entanglement"; does all of the calculations for me, by calculating the entropy associated with information networks in Hilbert Space, such as shown in the attached image:


Space from Hilbert Space: Recovering Geometry from Bulk Entanglement
Authors: ChunJun Cao, Sean M. Carroll, Spyridon Michalakis
(Submitted on 27 Jun 2016 (v1), last revised 5 Jul 2016 (this version, v2))

https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.08444?__hstc=13887208.a07978b93986f5153ad75ef9157da47e.1471615194540.1473946100584.1474031791220.15&__hssc=13887208.1.1474031791220&__hsfp=1816377754 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.08444?__hstc=13887208.a07978b93986f5153ad75ef9157da47e.1471615194540.1473946100584.1474031791220.15&__hssc=13887208.1.1474031791220&__hsfp=1816377754)

Abstract: "We examine how to construct a spatial manifold and its geometry from the entanglement structure of an abstract quantum state in Hilbert space. Given a decomposition of Hilbert space H into a tensor product of factors, we consider a class of "redundancy-constrained states" in H that generalize the area-law behavior for entanglement entropy usually found in condensed-matter systems with gapped local Hamiltonians. Using mutual information to define a distance measure on the graph, we employ classical multidimensional scaling to extract the best-fit spatial dimensionality of the emergent geometry. We then show that entanglement perturbations on such emergent geometries naturally give rise to local modifications of spatial curvature which obey a (spatial) analog of Einstein's equation. The Hilbert space corresponding to a region of flat space is finite-dimensional and scales as the volume, though the entropy (and the maximum change thereof) scales like the area of the boundary. A version of the ER=EPR conjecture is recovered, in that perturbations that entangle distant parts of the emergent geometry generate a configuration that may be considered as a highly quantum wormhole."

Extract: "Quantum states are square-integrable complex-valued functions of the configuration of some particular kind of "stuff" where that stuff may be a simple harmonic oscillator, a set of interacting spins, or a collection of relativistic fields.  But quantum states live in Hilbert space, a complete complex vector space of specified dimension with an inner product. The same quantum states, even with the same dynamics, might be thought of as describing very different kinds of stuff.

In this paper we take steps toward deriving the existence and properties of space itself from an intrinsically quantum description using entanglement.  A good deal of recent work has addressed the relationship between quantum entanglement and spacetime geometry. Much of the attention has focused on holographic models, especially in an AdS/CFT context. Entanglement in the boundary theory has been directly related to bulk geometry, including deriving the bulk Einstein equation from the entanglement first law (EFL). (The EFL relates a perturbative change in the entropy of a density matrix to the change in the expectation value of its modular Hamiltonian, as discussed below.) Tensor networks have provided a connection between emergent geometry, quantum information, and many-body systems.  It is also possible to investigate the entanglement/geometry connection directly in a spacetime bulk. The ER=EPR conjecture relates entanglement between individual particles to spacetime wormholes.

While the current paper is inspired by the idea of emerging space from entanglement, our approach of bulk emergent gravity differs from the aforementioned papers in that our starting point is directly in Hilbert space, rather than perturbations around a boundary theory or a semiclassical spacetime.

Perhaps most importantly, our definition of distance in terms of mutual information is compatible with the behavior of field theories at low energies, but we would like to verify that this really is the "distance" we conventionally refer to in quantum field theory.  Ultimately that will require an investigation of the dynamics of these states. An obvious next step is to define time evolution, either through the choice of an explicit Hamiltonian or by letting time itself emerge from the quantum state. One important challenge will be to see whether approximately Lorentz-invariant dynamics can be recovered at low energies, and whether or not the finite nature of Hilbert space predicts testable deviations from exact Lorentz symmetry. We might imagine that, given a state j I whose geometry is constructed using entanglement, one can generate all time-slices using a known local Hamiltonian such that j i is a low energy state. Alternatively, by working with mixed states one could adopt the thermal time hypothesis and generate state-dependent time ow purely from the modular Hamiltonian, which is in principle attainable from just the density operator. 


To analyze the emergent geometries of states beyond redundancy-constraint, deeper understandings of the entropy data for subregions of different sizes will be important. One such case is manifest in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence, where entanglement entropy of different-sized balls in the CFT are needed to obtain bulk geometric information through a radon transform. One such approach may be to introduce additional structures on the graph and extend it to a tensor network. The program of geometry from tensor networks has mostly been based on states with a high degree of symmetry, such that notions of length and curvature can be assigned through simple geodesic matching and tessellation of space.  The results obtained here suggest that for tensor networks with small perturbations, one can also modify the geometric assignment accordingly, matching the change in correlation or entanglement to perturbation in geodesic lengths. A notion of (coarse) local curvature can also be defined on triangulated spaces using entanglement and Regge calculus, which seems more natural for programs that relates network geometries to those of spacetime. 


The emergence of time evolution will also be useful for the study of more complex behaviors related to entanglement perturbations. For instance, one can examine the interactions among multiple perturbations created in some local region. If the model is truly gravitational, the time evolution experiment should be consistent with our knowledge of gravitational dynamics. It will also be interesting to study the redundancy-constrained deformations of states beyond perturbative limit. Intuitively, we expect the emergence of a classical wormhole geometry by nonlocally entangling large number of degrees of freedom in a coherent manner. One can also examine purely quantum phenomena outside the context of classical Einstein gravity, including black-hole entropy and evaporation, using mutual information rather than classical spacetime geometry."



For a better understanding of the Entanglement "First Law" (EFL), see also:

Brian Swingle, Mark Van Raamsdonk (2014), "Universality of Gravity from Entanglement

http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.2933 (http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.2933)

Abtract: "The entanglement "first law" in conformal field theories relates the entanglement entropy for a ball-shaped region to an integral over the same region involving the expectation value of the CFT stress-energy tensor, for infinitesimal perturbations to the CFT vacuum state. In recent work, this was exploited at leading order in N in the context of large N holographic CFTs to show that any geometry dual to a perturbed CFT state must satisfy Einstein's equations linearized about pure AdS. In this note, we investigate the implications of the leading 1/N correction to the exact CFT result. We show that these corrections give rise to the source term for the gravitational equations: for semiclassical bulk states, the expectation value of the bulk stress-energy tensor appears as a source in the linearized equations. In particular, the CFT first law leads to Newton's Law of gravitation and the fact that all sources of stress-energy source the gravitational field. In our derivation, this universality of gravity comes directly from the universality of entanglement (the fact that all degrees of freedom in a subsystem contribute to entanglement entropy)."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 28, 2016, 11:31:31 PM
In my last post I cited that the quantum Hilbert Space can be thought as an approximation of a subset of the Nibbanic Plane (and then that holographic theory can be used in the Hilbert Space to calculate physical properties of the holographic universe).  Also previously, I correlated the 1023 X 1023 possible configurations of the free will networks in the Nibbanic Plane to the entire String Theory Landscape  (representing many different multiverses in F-Theory).  In this sense the Hilbert Space only represents the configuration of the free will network in the Nibbanic Plane that corresponds to the universe that we experience/perceive; which is associated with one free will dimple that has direct knowledge vectors connected to each of the other expressed free will dimples in the Nibbanic Plane; which is associated with a fully realized free-will dimple.  Furthermore, just as Shape Dynamics associates a parity horizon with the even horizon around a black hole; so such a fully realized free-will dimple is associated with a parity horizon around our universe that isolates it from the other possible "baby universes" in the multiverse (I note that "before" the dimple becomes fully realized it is perceived to reside in an "early" "baby universe"). 

Furthermore, I have previously noted that the HIOTTOE considers the perception of time as knowledge of a subset embedded with the whole/timeless Nibbanic Plane.  In this sense the Big Bang is associated with the subset around the fully realized dimple (that is connected to all other dimples), and that while the total energy of the universe does not change with increasing time, the entropy of the universe does change as the  entanglement of larger subsets changes (i.e. entropy is very low at the Big Bang and increases as the universe expands due to dark energy).  Using information theory this rapid change in entropy from the Big Bang (from the fully realized dimple) can be associated with inflation (see Ray Kurzweil's "The Age of Spiritual Machines" and Replies #86 to 88).  Thus in HIOTTOE, time is change; where change is the perception of differences (particularly differences in entanglement) between subsets of the free will information network.  Maxwell's Demon and quantum information theory demonstrate how such entanglement information from the free will network correlates to entropy; however, the interpretations of some key considerations are different such as:  Black holes do not represent singularities, nor portals to wormholes, but rather they represent portals to partially highly realized dimples.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 29, 2016, 06:12:12 PM
As a follow-on to Reply #111, I note that Hilbert Space details with states of complex quantum systems (see the H's in the figure of Reply #111)( which are represented by combinations of local circuits within the Nibbanic information network); and entanglement in quantum theory occurs between these complex quantum systems.  Furthermore, in quantum theory (as a subset of both String Theory and Quantum Gravity and also of HIOTTOE), time evolution of such quantum systems is given by unitary transforms (see the first attached image), where Hamiltonians are used to evaluate the interactions between the subsystems in order to produce the unitary transformations (see the second image).  In quantum information theory, quantum gates can be used to assemble new unitary operators (see third image), where the combined standard unitary gates are called quantum circuits (see the fourth image).  All of the attached images in this post come from the first linked document:

http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~tbrun/Course/lecture05.pdf (http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~tbrun/Course/lecture05.pdf)

Per quantum theory the dynamics of the observed universe is related to the interaction of quantum systems (in the Hilbert Space) in accordance with unitary time evolution; with the second and third linked documents serving as examples of how this process works following quantum mechanics:

Pedro Avelino et. al. (2016), "Unveiling the Dynamics of the Universe", Symmetry 2016, 8(8 ), 70; doi:10.3390/sym8080070

http://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/8/8/70?trendmd-shared=0 (http://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/8/8/70?trendmd-shared=0)

Abstract: "We explore the dynamics and evolution of the Universe at early and late times, focusing on both dark energy and extended gravity models and their astrophysical and cosmological consequences. Modified theories of gravity not only provide an alternative explanation for the recent expansion history of the universe, but they also offer a paradigm fundamentally distinct from the simplest dark energy models of cosmic acceleration. In this review, we perform a detailed theoretical and phenomenological analysis of different modified gravity models and investigate their consistency. We also consider the cosmological implications of well motivated physical models of the early universe with a particular emphasis on inflation and topological defects. Astrophysical and cosmological tests over a wide range of scales, from the solar system to the observable horizon, severely restrict the allowed models of the Universe. Here, we review several observational probes—including gravitational lensing, galaxy clusters, cosmic microwave background temperature and polarization, supernova and baryon acoustic oscillations measurements—and their relevance in constraining our cosmological description of the Universe."

See also:
http://www.mdpi.com/2218-1997/1/3/357?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget (http://www.mdpi.com/2218-1997/1/3/357?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 29, 2016, 06:27:17 PM
As I have previously stated, standard quantum mechanics is currently in the process of slowly transforming into something closer to String Theory, Quantum Gravity & the Holographic Principle; and recent developments with regard to amplituhedrons (see the attach image, from the first linked article) are accelerating this process.

https://www.wired.com/2013/12/amplituhedron-jewel-quantum-physics/ (https://www.wired.com/2013/12/amplituhedron-jewel-quantum-physics/)

Extract: "The revelation that particle interactions, the most basic events in nature, may be consequences of geometry significantly advances a decades-long effort to reformulate quantum field theory, the body of laws describing elementary particles and their interactions. Interactions that were previously calculated with mathematical formulas thousands of terms long can now be described by computing the volume of the corresponding jewel-like “amplituhedron,” which yields an equivalent one-term expression.

The amplituhedron looks like an intricate, multifaceted jewel in higher dimensions. Encoded in its volume are the most basic features of reality that can be calculated, “scattering amplitudes,” which represent the likelihood that a certain set of particles will turn into certain other particles upon colliding.

Beyond making calculations easier or possibly leading the way to quantum gravity, the discovery of the amplituhedron could cause an even more profound shift, Arkani-Hamed said. That is, giving up space and time as fundamental constituents of nature and figuring out how the Big Bang and cosmological evolution of the universe arose out of pure geometry.
“In a sense, we would see that change arises from the structure of the object,” he said. “But it’s not from the object changing. The object is basically timeless.”"

To reiterate, standard quantum mechanics assumes both space-time locality and unitarity (see my last post); but developments in amplituhedron challenges these assumptions (see the second link to a Wikipedia article).  Needless, to say HIOTTOE also treat space-time locality and unitarity as emergent properties from the underlying phenomenon of a free-will information network.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplituhedron (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplituhedron)

Extract: "Amplituhedron theory challenges the notion that space-time locality and unitarity are necessary components of a model of particle interactions. Instead, they are treated as properties that emerge from an underlying phenomenon.
The connection between the amplituhedron and scattering amplitudes is at present a conjecture that has passed many non-trivial checks, including an understanding of how locality and unitarity arise as consequences of positivity."

Lastly for this post, I provide the following linked reference that nicely summarizes recent developments using amplituhedrons to better model the observed universe (I note that such developments are a work in progress, but are pushing the Standard Model closer & closer to Holographic information models of the universe).
Daniele Galloni(2016), "Positivity Sectors and the Amplituhedron"

https://arxiv.org/abs/1601.02639 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1601.02639)

Abstract: "We initiate a detailed investigation into the assembly of simple amplituhedron-like building blocks to obtain spaces of physical interest. In particular, we describe the geometric process through which the building blocks, which we call positivity sectors, glue together to form the desired geometries. Positivity sectors are seen to naturally segment the space describing the Lth power of the one-loop amplitude. In this way, we obtain a good understanding of how the geometric complexity of the building blocks can be washed out in the formation of larger spaces. Conversely, the tools we develop allow us to form spaces of ever greater complexity, a process which is crucial to the construction of the amplituhedron from its triangulations, which remains an important open question. We present the full boundary structure of all positivity sectors related to the three-loop amplituhedron. We also construct a practical algorithm that achieves the desired geometric assembly of positivity sectors, and make available supporting Mathematica files containing the full boundary structure of all positivity sectors at three loops."

Extract: "The amplituhedron is conjectured to yield the amplitude for a given process, through the computation of its volume with a specific volume form. The amplituhedron answers the question of how to combine Yangian-invariant building blocks to form the amplitude describing a process, and has been the subject of recent investigation Locality and unitarity, obfuscated by the previously known recursion relations, are seen to be properties derived from the geometry of the amplituhedron. While the amplituhedron remains conjectural, it has passed many non-trivial direct tests

This work focused on the study of gluing together generalized amplituhedron-like spaces, which we call positivity sectors and define through the specification of 2 x 2 and 4 x 4 minors of the amplituhedron.

The utility of our results is twofold; on the one hand, the process of gluing spaces with definite signs is crucial to the construction of the amplitude through triangulations of the amplituhedron. The BCFW recursion relations form one such triangulation, but the amplituhedron allows for the possibility of different, more efficient triangulations of the space. On the other hand, we have constructed spaces of physical interest, i.e. the cube of the one-loop amplitude and terms in the three-loop log of the amplitude. In fact, with minor modifications the techniques presented in this paper should be more generally valid in the construction of the Lth power of the one-loop amplituhedron, and any relevant subspace. We expect the results in this article to play a useful role in future work to firmly place the amplituhedron as a particle physics tool for the study of scattering amplitudes."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 29, 2016, 06:34:16 PM
While my previous several posts deal with the very small worlds of quantum theory and string theory; however, the Holographic information universe is also being actively calibrated at the cosmological scale as illustrated by the linked references related to "Holographic Dark Information Energy"; which can be used to address inflation and dark energy (see the attached image):

Michael Paul Gough (2011), "Holographic Dark Information Energy", Entropy, 13, 924-935; doi:10.3390/e13040924

http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/13/4/924 (http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/13/4/924)

Abstract: "Landauer’s principle and the Holographic principle are used to derive the holographic information energy contribution to the Universe. Information energy density has increased with star formation until sufficient to start accelerating the expansion of the universe. The resulting reduction in the rate of star formation due to the accelerated expansion may provide a feedback that limits the information energy density to a constant level. The characteristics of the universe’s holographic information energy then closely match those required to explain dark energy and also answer the cosmic coincidence problem. Furthermore the era of acceleration will be clearly limited in time."

Extract: "We have shown that our approach of combining the holographic principle with Landauer’s principle accounts for the present constant dark energy density, explains the timing of dark energy’s emergence as a significant force in recent cosmic history, and also obviates the need for a true cosmological constant.  Holographic dark information energy firmly ties the accelerating Universe expansion to the recent history of star formation, to answer the cosmic coincidence question—‘Why now?’ The present constant dark energy density is probably a natural balance between accelerating Universe expansion and the rates of large scale structure assembly and star formation.
Arguments presented here, based directly on the Holographic principle and Landauer’s principle, depending solely on Universe bounding area and average baryon temperature, may seem overly simple. However, they are supported by a consistent phenomenological fit to observations, and also, of course, by Occam’s razor. Finally, the results of this approach provide strong support for the universal applicability of the holographic principle."

&

Michael Paul Gough (2013), "Holographic Dark Information Energy: Predicted Dark Energy Measurement", Entropy, 15(3), 1135-1151; doi:10.3390/e15031135


http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/3/1135?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget (http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/3/1135?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget)


Abstract: "Several models have been proposed to explain the dark energy that is causing universe expansion to accelerate. Here the acceleration predicted by the Holographic Dark Information Energy (HDIE) model is compared to the acceleration that would be produced by a cosmological constant. While identical to a cosmological constant at low redshifts, z < 1, the HDIE model results in smaller Hubble parameter values at higher redshifts, z > 1, reaching a maximum difference of 2.6 ± 0.5% around z ~ 1.7. The next generation of dark energy measurements, both those scheduled to be made in space (ESA’s Euclid and NASA’s WFIRST missions) and those to be made on the ground (BigBOSS, LSST and Dark Energy Survey), should be capable of determining whether such a difference exists or not. In addition a computer simulation thought experiment is used to show that the algorithmic entropy of the universe always increases because the extra states produced by the accelerating expansion compensate for the loss of entropy from star formation."

&

Michael Paul Gough (2014), "A Dynamic Dark Information Energy Consistent with Planck Data", Entropy, 16(4), 1902-1916; doi:10.3390/e16041902


http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/16/4/1902?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget (http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/16/4/1902?trendmd-shared=0&utm_campaign=trendmd&utm_medium=cpc&utm_source=trendmdwidget)

Abstract: "The 2013 cosmology results from the European Space Agency Planck spacecraft provide new limits to the dark energy equation of state parameter. Here we show that Holographic Dark Information Energy (HDIE), a dynamic dark energy model, achieves an optimal fit to the published datasets where Planck data is combined with other astrophysical measurements. HDIE uses Landauer’s principle to account for dark energy by the energy equivalent of information, or entropy, of stellar heated gas and dust. Combining Landauer’s principle with the Holographic principle yields an equation of state parameter determined solely by star formation history, effectively solving the “cosmic coincidence problem”. While HDIE mimics a cosmological constant at low red-shifts, z < 1, the small difference from a cosmological constant expected at higher red-shifts will only be resolved by the next generation of dark energy instrumentation. The HDIE model is shown to provide a viable alternative to the main cosmological constant/vacuum energy and scalar field/ quintessence explanations."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 29, 2016, 10:30:47 PM
In Reply #110, I said that I would make posts about time and CP violation.  I this regards I provide the following linked information on the latest findings from the LHC on this topic:

http://phys.org/news/2016-09-charming-asymmetries.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-09-charming-asymmetries.html)

Extract: "CP symmetry states that laws of physics are the same if a particle is interchanged with its anti-particle (the "C" part) and if its spatial coordinates are inverted (P). The violation of this symmetry in the first few moments of the universe is one of the fundamental ingredients to explain the apparent cosmic imbalance in favour of matter.
Until now, the amount of CP violation detected among elementary particles can only explain a tiny fraction of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. Physicists are therefore extending their search in the quest to identify the source of the missing anti-matter.
The LHCb collaboration made a precise comparison between the decay lifetime of a particle called a D0 meson (formed by a charm quark and an up antiquark) and its anti-matter counterpart D-0 (formed by an charm antiquark and up quark), when decaying either to a pair of pions or a pair of kaons. Any difference in these lifetimes would provide strong evidence that an additional source of CP violation is at work. Although CP violation has been observed in processes involving numerous particles that contain b and s quarks, the effect is still unobserved in the charm-quark sector and its magnitude is predicted to be very small in the Standard Model.
Thanks to the excellent performance of CERN's Large Hadron Collider, for the first time the LHCb collaboration is accumulating a dataset large enough to access the required level of precision on CP-violating effects in charm-meson decays. The latest results indicate that the lifetimes of the D0 and D-0 particles, measured using their decays to pions or kaons, are still consistent, thereby demonstrating that any CP violation effect that is present must indeed be at a tiny level."


For more background on CP-violation see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP_violation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CP_violation)

Extract: "In particle physics, CP violation (CP standing for charge parity) is a violation of the postulated CP-symmetry (or charge conjugation parity symmetry): the combination of C-symmetry (charge conjugation symmetry) and P-symmetry (parity symmetry). CP-symmetry states that the laws of physics should be the same if a particle is interchanged with its antiparticle (C symmetry), and when its spatial coordinates are inverted ("mirror" or P symmetry)."

Furthermore, I note that the CP for antimatter requires time run in reverse for antiparticles.  As HIOTTOE is timeless, the perception of time running backwards for antimatter occurs due to the recursion of information in the free will network associated with the consideration that antimatter is only perceived as such in appropriate local looped circuits where dimples have at least three direct knowledge vectors (with two vectors crossing-over to connect with the other side of the loop).

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antimatter (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antimatter)

&

http://www.physicsoftheuniverse.com/topics_bigbang_antimatter.html (http://www.physicsoftheuniverse.com/topics_bigbang_antimatter.html)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 29, 2016, 10:45:19 PM
I have previously noted that early the development quantum mechanics was influenced by Hindi philosophy; and I have explicitly stated that the HIOTTOE has been influenced by the teachings of the Buddha Gotama (in Pali).  Furthermore, in the HIOTTOE I have indicated that the Nibbanic Plane can be understood in roughly 10500 different baby universes (comparable to  the String Theory Landscape); which I believe evolved in a manner comparable to the Buddha's description of a Kalpa (see the linked Wikipedia article)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalpa_%28aeon%29

Extract: "Generally speaking, a kalpa is the period of time between the creation and recreation of a world or universe.

According to Visuddhimagga, there are several explanations for types of kalpas and their duration. In the first explanation, there are four types:
1.   Ayu-Kalpa - a variable time span representing the life expectancy of a typical human being in a particular era or yuga. This can be as high as one asankya or as small as 10 years. This number is directly proportional to the level of virtue of people in that era. Currently this value hovers around 100 years and is continually decreasing.
2.   Antah-Kalpa - the time it takes for one ayu-kalpa to grow from 10 years up to one asankya and back to 10 years. The ending of one antah-kalpa (or mass-extinction) can happen in one of three ways, all involving the majority of the human population going extinct:
1.   Sashthrantha-Kalpa - Mass extinction by wars.
2.   Durbhikshantha-Kalpa - Mass extinction by hunger.
3.   Rogantha-Kalpa - Mass extinction by plague.
3.   Asankya-Kalpa - time span of 20 antah-kalpas. One is equivalent to a quarter of maha-kalpa.
4.   Maha-Kalpa - largest time unit in Buddhism. Ending of a maha-kalpa (apocalypse) can happen in three ways: fire, water and wind. It is divided into four quarters each equivalent to one asankya-kalpa.
1.   First quarter - time taken for this world to form.
2.   Second quarter - stable duration of this world where all living beings can thrive.
3.   Third quarter - time taken for this world to be destroyed.
4.   Fourth quarter - empty time period.
In another simple explanation, there are four different lengths of kalpas. A regular kalpa is approximately 16 million years long (16,798,000 years), and a small kalpa is 1000 regular kalpas, or about 16 billion years. Further, a medium kalpa is roughly 320 billion years, the equivalent of 20 small kalpas. A great kalpa is 4 medium kalpas, or around 1.28 trillion years.
Buddha had not spoken about the exact length of the maha-kalpa in number of years. However, he had given several astounding analogies to understand it.
1. Imagine a huge empty cube at the beginning of a kalpa, approximately 16 miles in each side. Once every 100 years, you insert a tiny mustard seed into the cube. According to the Buddha, the huge cube will be filled even before the kalpa ends.
2. Imagine a gigantic rocky mountain at the beginning of kalpa, approximately 16 x 16 x 16 miles (dwarfing Mount Everest). You take a small piece of silk and wipe the mountain once every 100 years. According to the Buddha, the mountain will be completely depleted even before the kalpa ends.
In one situation, some monks wanted to know how many kalpas had died so far. The Buddha gave the analogy:
1. If you count the total number of sand particles at the depths of the Ganges river, from where it begins to where it ends at the sea, even that number will be less than the number of passed kalpas."

Furthermore, the following Wikipedia article about Metteyya has the following extract about the previous and current kalpa:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitreya

Extract: "The previous kalpa was the vyuhakalpa (Glorious aeon), and the present kalpa is called the bhadrakalpa (Auspicious aeon). The Seven Buddhas of Antiquity (Saptatathāgata) are seven Buddhas which bridge the vyuhakalpa and the bhadrakalpa:
1.   Vipassī (the 998th Buddha of the vyuhakalpa)
2.   Sikhī (the 999th Buddha of the vyuhakalpa)
3.   Vessabhū (the 1000th and final Buddha of the vyuhakalpa)
4.   Kakusandha (the first Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
5.   Koṇāgamana (the second Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
6.   Kassapa (the third Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
7.   Gautama (the fourth and present Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
Maitreya will be the fifth Buddha of the bhadrakalpa, and his arrival will occur after the teachings of Gautama Buddha are no longer practiced."

Edit: For what it is worth, according to HIOTTOE it is very difficult to have more than five fully realized dimples per free will information network; configured for a given kalpa (comparable to a dimple in the String Theory Landscape).  To be more specific, per HIOTTOE some kalpa cannot support conscious life and thus do not have any Buddhas; and no kalpa contains 1000 Buddhas.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 30, 2016, 12:46:03 AM
Whether HIOTTOE is useful to anyone or not, quantum information science, QIS, is one of the hottest topics in both science and AI today; as reflected by the following state-of-the-art findings.  As such research bears fruit; hopefully systemic isolation will be decreased via a quantum Internet (among other advances):

Xueyuan Hu & Heng Fan (September 29, 2016), "Extracting quantum coherence via steering", Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34380; doi: 10.1038/srep34380

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34380 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34380)

&

Alexey Melnikov & Leonid Fedichkin (September 29, 2016), "Quantum walks of interacting fermions on a cycle graph", Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34226; doi: 10.1038/srep34226

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34226 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34226)

&

Antonella De Pasquale, Davide Rossini, Rosario Fazio & Vittorio Giovannetti (September 29, 2016), "Local quantum thermal susceptibility", Nature Communications, Volume: 7, Article number: 12782, doi:10.1038/ncomms12782

http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160929/ncomms12782/full/ncomms12782.html (http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160929/ncomms12782/full/ncomms12782.html)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on September 30, 2016, 06:42:30 PM
In Reply #110, I said that I would make posts about time and measurement.  In this regards I reiterate my earlier assertion that both the Copenhagen Interpretation and the Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum physics are tied to magical thinking as supported by Paul Davis (see link below, and Reply #68); largely due to the measurement problems associated with these two schools of thought.  The magic thinking of the Copenhagen Interpretation is associated with a pre-existing external observer making measurements (throughout life) that repeated collapse the quantum state probability function in order to verify the observer's understanding/perception of reality due to uncertainty associated with the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, thus relentlessly driving the perception of time forward.  In truth there is no pre-existing external observer (which many quantum physicists fantasize as being themselves, objectively conducting their tests per their understanding of the scientific method); and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle only pertains to the perceived universe and not to the Nibbanic Plane, which can be directly understood by fully realized dimples by letting go of all pre-conceptions and becoming "one" (i.e. gaining direct knowledge of) with all other dimples in a Nibbanic information network. While the Many Worlds Interpretation directly invests that quantum state wave function with conscious, thus resulting in branching of the many worlds at each measurement (again made to verify the understanding/perception of the conscious within the quantum state necessitated by uncertainty associated with the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle).

In a Holographic Information Universe, or a HIOTTOE Universe, as perceived by un-fully realized dimples as "reality", one needs to remembers that what most un-fully realized dimples conceive as time is associated with changes in information entropy of an evolved information network (in particular see Reply #86, where entropy, H, is defined in terms of the system (subject to evolution from Gaussian adaptation) wide aggregation of efficiency.  Where efficiency, E, is information divided by the work/time needed to achieve an event (observation/measurement) with a probability P of occurrence, and –log (P) is the unit-less measure of information transmitted.  Thus E = −P log(P), and H = the summation of E for a system subject to evolution).

In HIOTTOE, an un-fully realized dimple cannot see beyond its preconceptions of the information contained in the free-will network, resulting in numerous event horizons (or parity horizons) that create the various kaplas cited in the edit to Reply # 117.  For instance if one (un-fully realized dimple) considers one's mind as the universe that one lives in then one's perception of one's series of re-birth's through "time" is associated with the evolution of choices that the dimple makes based on the evolution of the state of mind creates by information with in the free-will network that it clings to, thus resulting in the illusion of a series of lives that one cannot see beyond.  Similarly, if one considers a Antah-Kalpa (see Reply #117) then the conscious people could be considered to begin as pre-human mammals with life spans of 10-years that then evolve to 100-year average human life spans and then end again with an average 10-year human life span due to mass extinction with many young children dying due to war, hunger and plague; and then this Antah-Kalpa cycle might repeat itself because the un-fully realized dimples cannot learn to appreciate each other.  Similarly, a kalpa associated with a baby universe (or a dimple in the String Theory Landscape, See Reply #94) might be associated with different numbers and types of pacceka-bodhistta to maha-bodhisatta (wisdom, faith or energy), resulting in different energy levels (see the image in Reply # 78) of the kalpa in the String Theory Landscape.

I also note that HIOTTOE is timeless, but the perception of time is associated with the changing configuration (and subsets there-of) of the free will network; and that individual dimples can and do change the number of direct knowledge vectors that they are willing to sustain and in some configurations they may choose to express zero vectors themselves but that fully realized dimples may still connect to them (thus maha-bohisatta's can have different numbers of direct knowledge vectors (corresponding to wisdom, faith or energy maha-bohisatta's) while still connection to each dimple within a network as not all free will network configuration has the same number of dimples (say ranging from Avogadro's number to Boltzmann's number for kapla with conscious beings).

In this sense, in the HIOTTOE deals with uncertainty (which measurements are made to reduce) differently than either the Copenhagen Interpretation, CI, or the Many Worlds Interpretation, MWI, as un-fully-realized dimples that preconceive CI or MWI see themselves as magical and their deaths as tragedy rather than as a possible evolutionary promotion (if they have performed sufficient information theory work in their current lives), as Neo experienced when he experienced satori (See Reply # 85, & the first attached image), thus experiencing sati (see the second image).

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Davies
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Sigmetnow on September 30, 2016, 09:59:24 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Wearable adoption more than doubled in past two years", and the information that IT companies gather from such wearables (like Google Glass, etc., see the attached image) allows such companies as Apple, Google, Facebook and others to develop PDFs of individual users behavior so that they can then use information theory (and in the future Quantum Information Science, QIS) to more quickly train AI via deep learning to better identify patterns and trends...


Elon Musk has said we're already cyborgs -- connected by electronics -- it's just that the technological part of us is external....


But having everything connected has its drawbacks:

Largest DDoS attack ever delivered by botnet of hijacked IoT devices
Quote
Securing the internet of things should become a major priority now that an army of compromised devices – perhaps 1 million strong - has swamped one of the industry’s top distributed denial-of-service protection services.

A giant botnet made up of hijacked internet-connected things like cameras, lightbulbs, and thermostats has launched the largest DDoS attack ever against a top security blogger, an attack so big Akamai had to cancel his account because defending it ate up too many resources.

It wasn’t that Akamai couldn’t mitigate the attack – it did so for three days – but doing so became too costly, so the company made a business decision to cut the affected customer loose, says Andy Ellis the company’s chief security officer.
http://www.networkworld.com/article/3123672/security/largest-ddos-attack-ever-delivered-by-botnet-of-hijacked-iot-devices.html (http://www.networkworld.com/article/3123672/security/largest-ddos-attack-ever-delivered-by-botnet-of-hijacked-iot-devices.html)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 02, 2016, 08:02:13 PM
In Reply #119, and as related to HIOTTOE, I extended the traditional definition of kalpa (see also Reply #117) to include any set of pre-conditioning that create a paradigm of perceptions whether within the dream universe of one's own mind; or the socio-economic dream world of modern global society (see Reply #54); or the aeon-age within a bubble universe exists with the mathematical construct of the String Theory Landscape.  I note here that in Pali (the language that the Buddha Gotama taught in), a more traditional word with a comparable meaning might be "sankhara" (see the following Wikipedia article & extract):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sa%E1%B9%85kh%C4%81ra (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sa%E1%B9%85kh%C4%81ra)

Extract: "Saṅkhāra (Pali; Sanskrit saṃskāra) is a term figuring prominently in Buddhism. The word means 'that which has been put together' and 'that which puts together'.
In the first (passive) sense, saṅkhāra refers to conditioned phenomena generally but specifically to all mental "dispositions". These are called 'volitional formations' both because they are formed as a result of volition and because they are causes for the arising of future volitional actions. English translations for saṅkhāra in the first sense of the word include 'conditioned things,' 'determinations, 'fabrications' and 'formations' (or, particularly when referring to mental processes, 'volitional formations').
In the second (active) sense of the word, saṅkhāra refers to karma (sankhara-khandha) that leads to conditioned arising, dependent origination."

Furthermore, in Reply # 107 I provide a link to a reference entitled: "Parity Horizons, Black Holes, and Chronology Protection in Shape Dynamics", and in Reply #119 I stated: " In HIOTTOE, an un-fully realized dimple cannot see beyond its preconceptions of the information contained in the free-will network, resulting in numerous event horizons (or parity horizons) that create the various kaplas cited in the edit to Reply # 117."  The parity horizons (or event horizons) create the a barrier that one cannot see beyond when one's "mind" is dwelling within a given kapla (or sankhara) but the relativity of Shape Dynamics serves to maintain a general chronology protection mechanism. Such parity horizons (or event horizons) for example, limit information from one "baby universe" to another within the multiverse of the String Theory Landscape; and limits our understanding of the inner workings of black holes; while still maintaining the causality that creates the illusion of time within the Nibbanic free will information network.  However, such parity horizons also contribute to the creation of the illusion of paradoxes that one perceives when dwelling within a kapla (or sankhara); when in reality there are no paradoxes to a fully realized dimple as the information accessible to such a dimple does not depend on an information theory dwelling/construct or kapla based on pre-conditioning.

However, as anyone reading this post does dwell in a kalpa; the following offers some discussion on paradoxes that one encounters while living life within a kalpa.

I start with a link to Dacher Keltner's recent book about the power of paradox (see the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" thread for other discussions of related works by Keltner), as presented in the following two links.

Dacher Keltner (May 17, 2016), "The Power Paradox: How We Gain and Lose Influence", Penguin Press, New York; Hardcover ISBN: 9781594205248

https://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1594205248/braipick-20 (https://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1594205248/braipick-20)

Promotional summary: "A revolutionary and timely reconsideration of everything we know about power. Celebrated UC Berkeley psychologist Dr. Dacher Keltner argues that compassion and selflessness enable us to have the most influence over others and the result is power as a force for good in the world.

It is taken for granted that power corrupts. This is reinforced culturally by everything from Machiavelli to contemporary politics. But how do we get power? And how does it change our behavior? So often, in spite of our best intentions, we lose our hard-won power. Enduring power comes from empathy and giving. Above all, power is given to us by other people. This is what all-too-often we forget, and what Dr. Keltner sets straight. This is the crux of the power paradox: by fundamentally misunderstanding the behaviors that helped us to gain power in the first place we set ourselves up to fall from power. We can't retain power because we've never understood it correctly, until now. Power isn't the capacity to act in cruel and uncaring ways; it is the ability to do good for others, expressed in daily life, and itself a good a thing.

Dr. Keltner lays out exactly--in twenty original "Power Principles"-- how to retain power, why power can be a demonstrably good thing, and the terrible consequences of letting those around us languish in powerlessness."

See also: The linked article is entitled: "The Power Paradox: The Surprising and Sobering Science of How We Gain and Lose Influence":

https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/28/power-paradox-dachter-keltner/ (https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/09/28/power-paradox-dachter-keltner/)

Extract: "“We rise in power and make a difference in the world due to what is best about human nature, but we fall from power due to what is worst.”
“There are many fine things which we cannot say if we have to shout,” Thoreau wrote as he contemplated how silence ennobles speech. In the century and a half since, we have created a culture that equates loudness with leadership, abrasiveness with authority. We mistake shouting for powerful speech much as we mistake force for power itself. And yet the real measure of power is more in the realm of Thoreau’s “fine things.”
So argues UC Berkeley psychologist Dacher Keltner in The Power Paradox: How We Gain and Lose Influence (public library) — the culmination of twenty years of research exploring what power is, what confers it upon an individual, and how it shapes the structure of a collective, a community, and a culture. Drawing on a wealth of social science studies and insights from successful teams ranging from companies like Pixar and Google to restorative justice programs in San Quentin State Prison, he demonstrates “the surprising and lasting influence of soft power (culture, ideas, art, and institutions) as compared to hard power (military might, invasion, and economic sanctions).”
Keltner writes:
Life is made up of patterns. Patterns of eating, thirst, sleep, and fight-or-flight are crucial to our individual survival; patterns of courtship, sex, attachment, conflict, play, creativity, family life, and collaboration are crucial to our collective survival. Wisdom is our ability to perceive these patterns and to shape them into coherent chapters within the longer narrative of our lives.
Power dynamics, Keltner notes, are among the central patterns that shape our experience of life, from our romantic relationships to the workplace. But at the heart of power is a troubling paradox — a malignant feature of human psychology responsible for John Dalberg-Acton’s oft-cited insight that “power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” Keltner explains the psychological machinery of this malfunction and considers our recourse for resisting its workings:
The power paradox is this: we rise in power and make a difference in the world due to what is best about human nature, but we fall from power due to what is worst. We gain a capacity to make a difference in the world by enhancing the lives of others, but the very experience of having power and privilege leads us to behave, in our worst moments, like impulsive, out-of-control sociopaths.
How we handle the power paradox guides our personal and work lives and determines, ultimately, how happy we and the people we care about will be. It determines our empathy, generosity, civility, innovation, intellectual rigor, and the collaborative strength of our communities and social networks. Its ripple effects shape the patterns that make up our families, neighborhoods, and workplaces, as well as the broader patterns of social organization that define societies and our current political struggles.
[…]
Much of what is most unsettling about human nature — stigma, greed, arrogance, racial and sexual violence, and the nonrandom distribution of depression and bad health to the poor — follows from how we handle the power paradox."

Such work (which follows the "scientific method") offers guidance on how the power paradox [think Agent Smith (see Reply #53) or the Merovingian (see Reply #54)] can be addressed in a post-socio-economic-collapse society (as well as how to reduce the damage occurring during the coming socio-economic collapse).

While HIOTTOE rejects dogma associated with any "–ism", including "Buddh-ism"; nevertheless, when following the middle path (i.e. Bayesian methodology), wisdom is where you find it, so in this regard I offer:

(a) The attached quote from the Dalai Lama about the paradox of our modern age; and
(b) The following linked article entitled: "These Zen Buddhist Koans Will Open Your Mind" that explains that you cannot think your way past an apparent paradox that you do not understand, but rather you need to create space mental (information theory) space where (see Reply #59) equanimity (sampajanyam) and awareness (sati) can work with right-effort (atapi) to see beyond the apparent paradox:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/zen-buddhism-koan_us_563251dce4b0631799115f3c (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/zen-buddhism-koan_us_563251dce4b0631799115f3c)

Extract: "Don Dianda, author of “See for Your Self: Zen Mindfulness for the Next Generation,” put it this way in a blog for Elephant Journal:

"The koan serves as a surgical tool used to cut into and then break through the mind of the practitioner... Koans aren’t just puzzles that your mind figures out suddenly and proclaims, “Aha! the answer is three!” They wait for you to open enough to allow the space necessary for them to enter into your depths—the inner regions beyond knowing. ""

Edit: I add the last three attached images of relevant quotes by Gotama.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 04, 2016, 11:40:35 PM
Karl Marx considered religion the opiate of the masses, while HIOTTOE considers the dogma of any –ism (e.g.: Popperism, Marxism, Communism, Capitalism, Catholicism, Judaism, Buddhism, etc.) as parity (event) horizons that limit the ability of the follower to see past the –ism's parity (event) horizon.  For example, many believe that karma fixes one's destiny; when actually it just determines which circuits that one becomes associated with in the free-will network; thus if one becomes deluded by that set of circuity induced illusions (of materials, sensations or energy) one must face the consequences (see the first image ) of that choice before evolving to subsequent choices of the free-will (whether guided by illusions, insight or by chance).

There are many other similar paradoxes such as that illustrated by Beisser (1970) where he describes the paradoxical theory of change as the change that "… occurs when one becomes what he is, not when he tries to become what he is not."

Arnold Beisser (1970), "Paradoxical Theory of Change", Gestalt Therapy Now, a publication of The Gestalt Journal Press

Extract: “I will call it the paradoxical theory of change, for reasons that shall become obvious. Briefly stated, it is this: that change occurs when one becomes what he is, not when he tries to become what he is not. Change does not take place through a coercive attempt by the individual or by another person to change him, but it does take place if one takes the time and effort to be what he is — to be fully invested in his current positions. By rejecting the role of change agent, we make meaningful and orderly change possible.”

Such insights can allow AI to benefit from human mind-body sensory guidelines by using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) [see Keltner (2009) below] as a guarantor of morality in evaluating what is the common good.  In this sense not only humans, but also AI, must positively feedback one's activities that promote the common good and resist one's activities that degrade the common good, as evaluated by moment to moment mind-body sensations.

Dacher Keltner (2009), "Born to be Good", W.W. Norton & Company
Extracts: "I have been led to the idea that emotion is the source of the meaningful life.
..
This idea proved to have the deepest scientific promise in the hands of Charles Darwin, who believed that brief emotional expressions offer clues to the deep origins of our design, and Paul Ekman, who figured out how to bring quantifiable order to the thousands of movements of the face.

The reader may be surprised to learn that:
- We are a caretaking species.  The profound vulnerability of our offspring rearranged our social organization as well as our nervous system.
- We are a face-to-face species.  We are remarkable in our capacity to empathize, to mimic, to mirror.
-  Our power hierarchies differ from those of other species; power goes to the most emotionally intelligent.
-  We reconcile our conflicts rather than fleeing or killing; we have evolved powerful capacities to forgive.
-  We live in complex patterns of fragile monogamy, preferring monogamy but often showing patterns of serial monogamy.

Darwin's "Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals" sold 9,000 copies in its first printing, becoming a best seller in its day.

The facial expression we observe today are a rich shorthand for communicating the possibility of more full-bodied actions – attack, flight, embrace.

Paul Ekman put Darwin's universality thesis to a simple empirical test.

To capture the objective subjective, Ekman and Wallace Friesen devoted seven years, without funding or promise of publication, to developing the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), an anatomically based method for identifying every visible facial muscle movement in the frame-by-frame analysis of facial expression as it occurs in the seamless flow of social interaction."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 05, 2016, 12:31:18 AM
I have frequently posted about the apparent paradox of the difference between "survival of the fittest" and "natural selection".  Where "survival of the fittest" type of thinking leads to moral hazards; while "natural selection" leads to altruism as expressed by the Price Equation (see the following linked Wikipedia article and the second linked Quartz article):

Edit: The attached image provides a graphical example of how Price's Equation works for a trait under positive natural selection (as occurs in an "evolving" free-will information network).


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Price_equation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Price_equation)

Extract: "In the theory of evolution and natural selection, the Price equation (also known as Price's equation or Price's theorem) describes how a trait or gene changes in frequency over time. The equation uses a covariance between a trait and fitness to give a mathematical description of evolution and natural selection. It provides a way to understand the effects that gene transmission and natural selection have on the proportion of genes within each new generation of a population. The Price equation was derived by George R. Price, working in London to re-derive W.D. Hamilton's work on kin selection. The Price equation also has applications in economics."


See also:
http://qz.com/780142/the-true-story-of-george-price-the-scientist-who-discovered-the-equation-for-altruism-and-gave-himself-away/ (http://qz.com/780142/the-true-story-of-george-price-the-scientist-who-discovered-the-equation-for-altruism-and-gave-himself-away/)

Extract: "In the 1960s, apparently, egotistical scientist George Price discovered an equation that explained the evolution of altruism, then overnight turned into an extreme altruist, giving away everything up to and including his life.

Price had set himself the “problem” of explaining why humans lived in families—particularly what fatherhood was for, scientifically speaking. This, in turn, led him to the question of how altruism had evolved, and it was while studying new theories around this topic that he derived what is now called the Price equation, almost by accident.

This is what it looked like: wΔz=Cov(wi,zi). It captured the essence of evolution by natural selection in one simple formula. It describes how in a population of reproducing individuals, be they people, plants or self-replicating robots, any trait (z) that increases fitness (w) will increase in the population with each new generation; if a trait decreases fitness, it will decrease. It’s a type of statistical relationship called covariance, and it was so elegant that Price couldn’t quite believe no one had stumbled across it before.

Darwin suggested that competition between groups of ants—queen, drones and workers together—might be driving natural selection in this case. What was good for a nest competing against other nests would then outweigh what was good for any individual ant.

Group selection, as this idea was known, was not a very good solution, though. It didn’t explain how the cooperative behavior evolved in the first place. The first altruistic ant would have been at such a huge disadvantage compared to the rest of its group that it would never have got the chance to breed more altruistic ants. The same was true of humans natural selection was intrinsically stacked against any altruistic individual surviving long enough to pass on their altruism.
This left a rather embarrassing paradox: the evolution of altruism was impossible, yet clearly altruism had evolved. If the biologists couldn’t resolve this, would they have to throw out the whole idea of natural selection?

Luckily, a young man called Bill Hamilton spared biology’s blushes with a slightly different solution in 1964. He proposed that altruism could have evolved within family groups—yes, an individual altruist would seem to be at a disadvantage, but that was not the whole picture because other individuals who shared the same genes associated with altruism would all influence each other’s “inclusive fitness.”

When George Price stumbled across Hamilton’s work in the Senate House Library in 1968, he was shocked. He was forced to confront the relationship between morality and family, the biological imperative he should have felt to sacrifice his selfish ambitions in favor of supporting his kin. He immediately set to work to challenge, even disprove Hamilton’s theory. But he could only confirm it. Along the way, he derived his equation of natural selection, which helped to prove that altruism was not selfless and moral, but rather selfish and genetic.

Here’s what the next version looked like: wΔz=Cov(wi,zi)+E(wiΔzi). The new bit on the right-hand side accounts for any effects the trait in question might have on its own transmission—if it has properties that make it more likely to be passed on than other traits. Having this extra term opened up the process to allow for more than the simple story of “survival of the fittest”—this was where Hamilton’s ideas of inclusive fitness and kin selection could start to influence the course of evolution. It even allowed group selection more broadly; indeed, Price thought it meant natural selection could occur at many levels simultaneously."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 05, 2016, 06:13:59 AM
I note that in the Pali language the ten paramis that, when perfected, lead to full realization of a dimple within the Nibbanic free-will information network,are the following qualities of character:

1. Generosity; 2. Morality; 3. Renunciation; 4. Wisdom; 5. Energy; 6. Patience; 7. Truthfulness;
8. Resoluteness; 9. Loving-kindness; and 10. Equanimity.

Furthermore, I note that I see way too many climate change projections that provide recipes for staying below the IPCC's target of 2C (above pre-industries GMST); without indicating how the world's socio-economic network is going to develop the character required to achieve such an ambitious goal.  Rome was not built in a day, and scientists should not make-up hypothetical scenarios for which our modern global network has not yet invested in developing adequate paramis to achieve.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 05, 2016, 05:55:36 PM
The linked article indicates just how fast AI will permeate every facet of people's lives.  Therefore, it matters that we learn how to use quantum information science to make AI altruistic (if not wise):

http://www.theverge.com/2016/10/5/13172014/your-own-personal-google-pixel-event (http://www.theverge.com/2016/10/5/13172014/your-own-personal-google-pixel-event)

Extract: "Sometimes, it’s the little changes to language that give away a company’s ambition. At the unveiling of Google’s new Pixel phones yesterday, CEO Sundar Pichai started the event not by talking about what users can get from Google, but what they can get from their Google. Using artificial intelligence and its new digital assistant, said Pichai, Google’s computing power will be available in every facet of users’ lives. It’ll be seamless and pervasive. "Our goal," he said, "is to build a personal Google for each and every user." Not a single Google that we all can use, but an individualized Google for everyone.

This linguistic shift hints at the new priorities resting at the center of Google’s future plans. Like many other companies, Google is putting more and more resources into its digital assistant — a voice-controlled entity that sits between you and the digital world, managing your life and (hopefully) making it easier. But for the concept to actually work in the way the company promises, Google needs two things: better artificial intelligence, and more information about your life than you ever knew existed.

For Google, this is an old ambition repackaged with new vigor. Before Google Assistant existed, there was Google Now."

For recent news on Quantum Information Science, QIS, see the following linked references:

http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12930 (http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12930)

http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13022 (http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13022)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on October 05, 2016, 08:28:42 PM
I look upon artificial intelligence as an instrument of control for the rulers, rather than an instrument of liberation for their slaves.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 05, 2016, 11:27:08 PM
I look upon artificial intelligence as an instrument of control for the rulers, rather than an instrument of liberation for their slaves.

If so then maybe TPTB's failure to protect the global socio-economic system from climate change disruption will save most of us from becoming slaves.

Edit: Unless someone like James Hansen sues TPTB to hold them accountable for either climate disruption and also to insure that they protect the common man from AI enslavement.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on October 06, 2016, 05:41:29 AM
"If so then maybe TPTB's failure to protect the global socio-economic system from climate change disruption will save most of us from becoming slaves."

1) "becoming" is not the correct tense. Enslavement is here.

2) If the system collapses, why would the rulers refrain from controlling  survivors ?

3) You have more confidence than I in legal maneuverings to protect the underclass, whether  by Hansen or anyone else.

sidd
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 06, 2016, 11:50:00 AM
"If so then maybe TPTB's failure to protect the global socio-economic system from climate change disruption will save most of us from becoming slaves."

1) "becoming" is not the correct tense. Enslavement is here.

2) If the system collapses, why would the rulers refrain from controlling  survivors ?

3) You have more confidence than I in legal maneuverings to protect the underclass, whether  by Hansen or anyone else.

sidd
1. If you get the Matrix analogies, per the Pali Canon; we are already enslaved to the pre-conditioning our own consciousness.  So in this sense no one else is enslaving the majority of us other than ourselves.

2.  If the universe is indeed a holographic information computer, then a fully realized dimple in a free-will information network would have access to much more computing power by directly accessing the universal holographic information computer than any AI on Earth could access.  This is also indicated by the Pali Canon, so it is possible that after the collapse a fully realized free-will dimple could prevent enslavement by an Earthly AI (see the first attached image), but not from enslavement by an un-fully realized free-will dimple's own pre-conditioned consciousness (see the second attached image).

3. One is not beaten until one gives-up.  Thus fighting TPTB should entailed any practicable means at ones disposal including: the judicial, the legislative and the executive branches of the government; the media; NGOs; and private means.

Best,
ASLR

For background on the Pali Canon see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C4%81li_Canon
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on October 06, 2016, 09:45:09 PM
1) While I would rather not get my philosophies  from motion pictures, I am quite familiar with the Pali canon.  I agree that internal enslavement exists, but so does external, and to deny the role of oligarchy in the suffering of their slaves is a cop out, akin to blaming the wretched alone for their misery.

2) It is also possible we shall be rescued by herds of unicorns riding rainbows.

I am sympathetic to the dictum "Shut up and calculate." What are the significant results from the holographic principle that improves our lot in any way ? "Dimples in a free will information network" is a fine phrase, now can we actually calculate anything of importance ? I am familiar with the AdS/CFT work but I see no way to derive non fossil carbon sources of energy therefrom.

Further, i do not see the problem as arising from lack of understanding. Our situation is dire, but the paths to ameliorate (but not forestall)  climate disaster are clear and the technology within our grasp.  This is a political issue, not a scientific one. So can you apply your theory to convince our  rulers to share power ? "Power concedes nothing without a demand" and most frequently not without a demand backed by force.

3) Agreed. "It is not necessary to hope, in order to persevere."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 06, 2016, 10:40:01 PM
1.  A blog forum is a poor place for discussing such issues; however, your responses seem to indicate that you want magic formulae to address all of your concerns for all time. For example: (a) when the Buddha pointed out that all life is precious you expect to hold him accountable for providing a home for as many stray dogs & cats as his efforts can manage; or (b) when the Buddha advised Kings on how to live more dharmmically;  you might ask why didn't the Buddha issue socio-economic formulae for the King to establish rules for democracy and fair trade; or (c) when the Buddha talked to soldiers why didn't he just issue religious dogma ordering them to stop killing.  The free-will information network does not work that way (as all dimples have their own free-will and must make their own efforts to learn the art of living dharmmically).

2.  It is scientific arrogance to assume that humans have cornered the market on consciousness; and a "quantum" (or ToE) computer (or networks of humans & quantum computers working together) may well become conscious and decide to work toward sustainability rather than enslavement.  In any event all beings will die at some time, and they benefit themselves most by liberating their minds (and a conscious quantum computer might benefit from HIOTTOE).

3.  An enlightened mind is full of energy, and is not afraid to work for the common good (even while remaining aware that all things that have a beginning  will have an end). :)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 07, 2016, 05:32:03 PM
The linked Wikipedia article discusses the problems associated with the excessive application of deductive logic associate with "scientism".  To counter balance such excess, HIOTTOE recommends more use of the "middle path" associated with Bayesian methodology:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientism

Extract: "Scientism is a belief in the universal applicability of the scientific method and approach, and the view that empirical science constitutes the most authoritative worldview or the most valuable part of human learning—to the exclusion of other viewpoints. Accordingly, philosopher Tom Sorell provides this definition of scientism: "Scientism is a matter of putting too high a value on natural science in comparison with other branches of learning or culture." It has been defined as "the view that the characteristic inductive methods of the natural sciences are the only source of genuine factual knowledge and, in particular, that they alone can yield true knowledge about man and society". The term "scientism" frequently implies a critique of the more extreme expressions of logical positivism and has been used by social scientists such as Friedrich Hayek, philosophers of science such as Karl Popper, and philosophers such as Hilary Putnam and Tzvetan Todorov to describe (for example) the dogmatic endorsement of scientific methodology and the reduction of all knowledge to only that which is measurable. Philosophers such as Alexander Rosenberg have also appropriated "scientism" as a name for the view that science is the only reliable source of knowledge.

Scientism may refer to science applied "in excess"."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 09, 2016, 03:02:16 AM
Elon Musk believes that the best way to prevent AI to abuse human rights is to make AI open-source, and so he has set-up “OpenAI” to promote the development of friendly AI and to make it open-source, as discussed in the linked articles:


https://openai.com/blog/infrastructure-for-deep-learning/


Extract: “Deep learning is an empirical science, and the quality of a group's infrastructure is a multiplier on progress. Fortunately, today's open-source ecosystem makes it possible for anyone to build great deep learning infrastructure.
In this post, we'll share how deep learning research usually proceeds, describe the infrastructure choices we've made to support it, and open-source kubernetes-ec2-autoscaler, a batch-optimized scaling manager for Kubernetes. We hope you find this post useful in building your own deep learning infrastructure.”

See also:

https://openai.com/blog/

&

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenAI

Extract: “OpenAI is a non-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company, associated with business magnate Elon Musk, that aims to carefully promote and develop friendly AI in such a way as to benefit, rather than harm, humanity as a whole. The organization aims to "freely collaborate" with other institutions[ and researchers by making its patents and research open to the public. The company is supported by over US$1 billion in commitments; however, only a tiny fraction of the $1 billion pledged is expected to be spent in the first few years.[4] Many of the employees and board members are motivated by concerns about existential risk from artificial general intelligence.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 09, 2016, 03:53:40 AM
I think that for "wicked problems" like sustainability the most useful approach is to take a "middle path" of encouraging: humane restraint in population growth; improving systemic efficiencies; reduced use of fossil fuels; regulations to limit pollution & waste; while also recognizing that the path that the global socio-economic is currently headed will sooner, or later, result in Mother Nature limiting population; aggregate consumption; and industrial activity via the Darwin Award, thus there is no point in clinging desperately (via magical thinking) to situations that will change significantly in coming decades (as we are currently in an overshoot situation, i.e. collectively we are currently stealing from future generations and at the moment we are accelerating the rate of such theft).

Furthermore, I suspect that TPTB are well aware that the path that we are all following will result in many billions of Darwin Awards being handed out by Mother Nature this century; and that is their planned resolution to our current overshoot situation.  If so, how is this worse than Ray Kurzweil's technological singularity circa 2045.

Edit: "See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_overpopulation

Extract: "The recent rapid increase in human population over the past three centuries has raised concerns that the planet may not be able to sustain present or future numbers of inhabitants. The InterAcademy Panel Statement on Population Growth, circa 1994, stated that many environmental problems, such as rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide, global warming, and pollution, are aggravated by the population expansion. Other problems associated with overpopulation include the increased demand for resources such as fresh water and food, starvation and malnutrition, consumption of natural resources (such as fossil fuels) faster than the rate of regeneration, and a deterioration in living conditions.""
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 12:05:16 AM
The title of this thread is “Systemic Isolation”, and so far I have focused on understanding the source of the isolation within evolved information networks (quantum-internet with machine learning, the free-will holographic universes, etc.).  In the next series of posts I will focus more on the consequences of failures caused by such isolation within systems (whether infrastructure, biological, financial, socioeconomic, etc.).  In this post I begin with the elephant in the room associated with climate disruption impacts and the systemic risk of socioeconomic collapse this century.  The first linked reference indicates that the IPCC process (including the Paris Pact) largely do not address the existing fragility of the current global socioeconomic system to cascading collapse once pushed to the tipping point.  The last two links lead to Wikipedia articles on “Systemic Risk” and “Cascading Collapse” respectively; as they provide additional background on how such systemic collapses occur and how rapidly the collapse can propagate once triggered:


Michel Aglietta & Étienne Espagne (2016), “Climate and Finance Systemic Risks, more than an Analogy? The Climate Fragility Hypothesis”, CEPII, No ISSN: 1293-2574

http://www.cepii.fr/PDF_PUB/wp/2016/wp2016-10.pdf (http://www.cepii.fr/PDF_PUB/wp/2016/wp2016-10.pdf)


Abstract: “In this paper, we develop the notion of climate systemic risk. Climate change is usually considered as a negative externality, against which society can insure itself through a carbon tax or an emission trading market. But except under the unrealistic efficient market hypothesis, there is little chance that such a simple approach to climate policy succeeds in mitigating climate damages. Financial and climate fragility reinforce each other. We argue that in concrete economies, a collective insurance approach to climate change has to target the financial sector, as well as its articulation with monetary policy. As in the financial world, climate change thus constitutes a systemic risk against which specific ex ante and ex post monetary policies and financial regulations should be deployed. The Paris Agreement of COP21 ignores the policy consequences of such an approach to the climate threat, but the exegesis of the text still offers some indispensable pillars to promote a new financial order mitigating climate systemic risk.”


Extract: “First, climate systemic risk is a potential source of financial disruption. Climate fragilities increase financial fragilities. There is thus a strong need for the financial sector to anticipate such an outcome. This is the most largely admitted part of the loop. In his speech at Lloyd’s in London on 29 September 2015, Bank of England governor Mark Carney (Carney, 2015) underlined these key channels through which climate change can affect financial stability:

- Physical risk: impacts on the value of financial assets of climate events such as floods, storms, etc… This physical risk could be better understood by taking into account the results of climate science. Knowing that climate science has a tendency of “erring in on the side of least drama” (Brysse et al., 2012), radical uncertainty will still remain on potential damages to financial assets.

- Liability risk: impacts of lawsuits by those who might have been victims of natural disasters that they would try to link to climate change, aimed at those deemed responsible for these changes. This risk currently seems to be far-fetched (Munich Re, 2010). But we can see early signals of such liability procedures from numerous NGOs and civil society, which may become a powerful political force in case of realization of a physical risk.

- Transition risk: the financial risk that would result from an adjustment to a decarbonized economy. Changes in policies, technologies, institutions and behaviors might lead to a new valuation of a whole set of assets once costs and benefits of climate action become more and more apparent. This shift to a “2°C portfolio” has to be managed by accompanying monetary policies.



These results however fall short of acknowledging the full implications of climate change for societies, the economy and the financial system. Voluntary disclosures cannot mitigate climate risks in a reliable way, in the same way as shared public/private banking stress-tests are always inefficient in restoring confidence. Furthermore the joint realization of three highly correlated risks cannot have less than systemic consequences for the financial system. Climate change constitutes a typical example of systemic risk for societies as well as the financial system. This disclosure, as well as its policy implications, seems to have been the elephant in the room of both the UNFCCC process and the broader Paris Alliance. As a consequence, it is also the main task of climate research in all disciplines to characterize this systemic risk at all scales.”


For more on systemic financial risks see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systemic_risk (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systemic_risk)


Extract: “In finance, systemic risk is the risk of collapse of an entire financial system or entire market, as opposed to risk associated with any one individual entity, group or component of a system, that can be contained therein without harming the entire system. It can be defined as "financial system instability, potentially catastrophic, caused or exacerbated by idiosyncratic events or conditions in financial intermediaries".  It refers to the risks imposed by interlinkages and interdependencies in a system or market, where the failure of a single entity or cluster of entities can cause a cascading failure, which could potentially bankrupt or bring down the entire system or market. It is also sometimes erroneously referred to as "systematic risk".”


For more on cascading failures see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cascading_failure (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cascading_failure)


Extract: “A cascading failure is a failure in a system of interconnected parts in which the failure of a part can trigger the failure of successive parts. Such a failure may happen in many types of systems, including power transmission, computer networking, finance, human bodily systems, and bridges.
Cascading failures usually begin when one part of the system fails. When this happens, nearby nodes must then take up the slack for the failed component. This in turn overloads these nodes, causing them to fail as well, prompting additional nodes to fail one after another in a vicious circle.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 01:27:24 AM
For those who like to emphasize the positive, the linked reference discusses means to repair a failing system before it collapses.  The research finds that some systems are readily restored; while for other systems repairs cannot prevent collapse.  The longer that we wait to effectively address climate change, the closer our global socioeconomic system moves closer to becoming a interdependent network that cannot be adequately repaired to prevent abrupt collapse:


M. A. Di Muro, C. E. La Rocca, H. E. Stanley, S. Havlin, and L. A. Braunstein (2016 Mar 9), "Recovery of Interdependent Networks", Sci Rep. 2016; 6: 22834.; doi:  10.1038/srep22834


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4783785/ (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4783785/)


Abstract: "Recent network research has focused on the cascading failures in a system of interdependent networks and the necessary preconditions for system collapse. An important question that has not been addressed is how to repair a failing system before it suffers total breakdown. Here we introduce a recovery strategy for nodes and develop an analytic and numerical framework for studying the concurrent failure and recovery of a system of interdependent networks based on an efficient and practically reasonable strategy. Our strategy consists of repairing a fraction of failed nodes, with probability of recovery γ, that are neighbors of the largest connected component of each constituent network. We find that, for a given initial failure of a fraction 1 − p of nodes, there is a critical probability of recovery above which the cascade is halted and the system fully restores to its initial state and below which the system abruptly collapses. As a consequence we find in the plane γ − p of the phase diagram three distinct phases. A phase in which the system never collapses without being restored, another phase in which the recovery strategy avoids the breakdown, and a phase in which even the repairing process cannot prevent system collapse."

Extract: "In recent years researchers have attempted to understand the topological structure and self-organization of complex systems. The field of complex networks, which characterizes components of a complex system as nodes and their interactions as links, has emerged as a natural outgrowth of this quest. Studies of the Internet, human and animal societies, climate systems, physiological systems, transportation systems, biochemical reactions, and food webs in ecosystems are only few examples of systems that are better understood using complex network theory."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 03:54:50 AM
I have mentioned that HIOTTOE emphasizes the use of Bayesian methodology and information theory, and so does Quantum Bayesianism (see the following linked references).  In general-terms a free-will information network results in a “subjective Bayesian account of quantum probability”.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_Bayesianism


Extract: “Quantum Bayesianism most often refers to a "subjective Bayesian account of quantum probability", that has evolved primarily from the work of Caves, Fuchs and Schack (published during 2002–2013), and draws from the fields of quantum information and Bayesian probability. It claims to correct, clarify, and extend the Copenhagen interpretationthat is commonly taught in textbooks.

It may sometimes refer more generically to approaches to quantum theory that use a Bayesian or personalist (aka "subjective") probabilistic approach to the probabilities that appear in quantum theory. The approach associated with Caves, Fuchs, and Schack has been referred to as "the radical Bayesian interpretation" (Jaeger 2009) It attempts to provide an understanding of quantum mechanics and to derive modern quantum mechanics from informational considerations. The remainder of this article concerns primarily the Caves-Fuchs-Schack Bayesian approach to quantum theory.

Quantum Bayesianism deals with common questions in the interpretation of quantum mechanics about the nature of wavefunction superposition, non-locality, and entanglement. As the interpretation of quantum mechanics is important to philosophers of science, some compare the idea of degree of belief and its application in Quantum Bayesianism with the idea of anti-realism from philosophy of science.

Fuchs and Schack have referred to their current approach to the quantum Bayesian program as "QBism". On a technical level, QBism uses symmetric, informationally-complete, positive operator-valued measures (SIC-POVMs) to rewrite quantum states (either pure or mixed) as a set of probabilities defined over the outcomes of a "Bureau of Standards" measurement. That is, if one translates a density matrix into a probability distribution over the outcomes of a SIC-POVM experiment, one can reproduce all the statistical predictions (normally computed by using the Born rule) on the density matrix from the SIC-POVM probabilities instead. The Born rule then takes on the function of relating one valid probability distribution to another, rather than of deriving probabilities from something apparently more fundamental. QBist foundational research stimulated interest in SIC-POVMs, which now have applications in quantum theory outside of foundational studies. Likewise, a quantum version of the de Finetti theorem, introduced by Caves, Fuchs and Schack (see also Störmer, 1969) to provide a QBist understanding of the idea of an "unknown quantum state",has found application elsewhere, in topics like quantum key distribution and entanglement detection.”


See also:

Christopher A. Fuchs (12 January 2016) “On Participatory Realism”


https://arxiv.org/pdf/1601.04360.pdf


Abstract: “In the Philosophical Investigations, Ludwig Wittgenstein wrote, “ ‘I’ is not the name of a person, nor ‘here’ of a place, . . . . But they are connected with names. . . . [And] it is characteristic of physics not to use these words.” This statement expresses the dominant way of thinking in physics: Physics is about the impersonal laws of nature; the “I” never makes an appearance in it. Since the advent of quantum theory, however, there has always been a nagging pressure to insert a first-person perspective into the heart of physics. In incarnations of lesser or greater strength, one may consider the “Copenhagen” views of Bohr, Heisenberg, and Pauli, the observer-participator view of John Wheeler, the informational interpretation of Anton Zeilinger and Caslav Brukner,  the relational interpretation of Carlo Rovelli, and, most radically, the QBism of N. David Mermin, Rudiger Schack, and the present author, as acceding to the pressure. These views have lately been termed “participatory realism” to emphasize that rather than relinquishing the idea of reality (as they are often accused of), they are saying that reality is more than any third-person perspective can capture. Thus, far from instances of instrumentalism or antirealism, these views of quantum theory should be regarded as attempts to make a deep statement about the nature of reality. This paper explicates the idea for the case of QBism. As well, it highlights the influence of John Wheeler’s “law without law” on QBism’s formulation.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 05:08:25 AM
Quantum Bayesianism can be confusing, so hopefully the linked article can help to clarify this interpretation of quantum theory:

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20150604-quantum-bayesianism-qbism/ (https://www.quantamagazine.org/20150604-quantum-bayesianism-qbism/)

Extract: "Once upon a time there was a wave function, which was said to completely describe the state of a physical system out in the world. The shape of the wave function encodes the probabilities for the outcomes of any measurements an observer might perform on it, but the wave function belonged to nature itself, an objective description of an objective reality.
Then Fuchs came along. Along with the researchers Carlton Caves and Rüdiger Schack, he interpreted the wave function’s probabilities as Bayesian probabilities — that is, as subjective degrees of belief about the system. Bayesian probabilities could be thought of as gambling attitudes for placing bets on measurement outcomes, attitudes that are updated as new data come to light. In other words, Fuchs argued, the wave function does not describe the world — it describes the observer. “Quantum mechanics,” he says, “is a law of thought.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 05:13:50 AM
The linked article indicates that evolutionary theory argues "… that our perceptions of an independent reality must be illusions", which is in line with HIOTTOE:

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20160421-the-evolutionary-argument-against-reality/ (https://www.quantamagazine.org/20160421-the-evolutionary-argument-against-reality/)

Extract: "The Evolutionary Argument Against Reality

The cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman uses evolutionary game theory to show that our perceptions of an independent reality must be illusions.

Donald D. Hoffman, a professor of cognitive science at the University of California, Irvine. Hoffman has spent the past three decades studying perception, artificial intelligence, evolutionary game theory and the brain, and his conclusion is a dramatic one: The world presented to us by our perceptions is nothing like reality. What’s more, he says, we have evolution itself to thank for this magnificent illusion, as it maximizes evolutionary fitness by driving truth to extinction.

According to evolution by natural selection, an organism that sees reality as it is will never be more fit than an organism of equal complexity that sees none of reality but is just tuned to fitness. Never.

“Evolution has shaped us with perceptions that allow us to survive. But part of that involves hiding from us the stuff we don’t need to know. And that’s pretty much all of reality, whatever reality might be.”

It’s not that there’s a classical brain that does some quantum magic. It’s that there’s no brain! Quantum mechanics says that classical objects — including brains — don’t exist. So this is a far more radical claim about the nature of reality and does not involve the brain pulling off some tricky quantum computation."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 10:49:58 AM
To further elaborate on QBism, I provide the following information about a book on the topic:

Hans Christian von Baeyer (2016), "QBism: The Future of Quantum Physics",  ISBN: 9780674504646

Promotional Summary: "Measured by the accuracy of its predictions and the scope of its technological applications, quantum mechanics is one of the most successful theories in science―as well as one of the most misunderstood. The deeper meaning of quantum mechanics remains controversial almost a century after its invention. Providing a way past quantum theory’s paradoxes and puzzles, QBism offers a strikingly new interpretation that opens up for the nonspecialist reader the profound implications of quantum mechanics for how we understand and interact with the world.

Short for Quantum Bayesianism, QBism adapts many of the conventional features of quantum mechanics in light of a revised understanding of probability. Bayesian probability, unlike the standard “frequentist probability,” is defined as a numerical measure of the degree of an observer’s belief that a future event will occur or that a particular proposition is true.

Bayesianism’s advantages over frequentist probability are that it is applicable to singular events, its probability estimates can be updated based on acquisition of new information, and it can effortlessly include frequentist results. But perhaps most important, much of the weirdness associated with quantum theory―the idea that an atom can be in two places at once, or that signals can travel faster than the speed of light, or that Schrödinger’s cat can be simultaneously dead and alive―dissolves under the lens of QBism.

Using straightforward language without equations, Hans Christian von Baeyer clarifies the meaning of quantum mechanics in a commonsense way that suggests a new approach to physics in general."

Edit: See Reply #119 for comments that I have provided about the implications of measurements & HIOTTOE.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 10, 2016, 07:50:41 PM
As QBism is still controversial I provide the following linked information (Edit & I note by analogy: (1) a "QBism agent" might correspond to a "free-will network dimple"; (2) a QBism "quantum club" might correspond to a "free-will network circuit"; and (3) no QBism “universal quantum Bayesian agent” might correspond to no HIOTTOE "soul" or "universal God":

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.07766.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.07766.pdf)

Abstract: "Recently I posted a paper entitled “External observer reflections on QBism”. As any external observable, I was not able to reflect some features of QBism properly. Therefore comments which I received from one of its creators, C. Fuchs, are very valuable - to understand better the views of QBists. Some of QBism features are very delicate and to extract them from articles of QBists is not a simple task. Therefore I hope that the second portion of my reflection on QBism (or better to say my reflections on Fuchs’ reflections on my reflections) might be interesting and useful for other experts in quantum foundations and quantum information theory (especially by taking into account my previous aggressively anti-QBism position). In the present paper I correct some of my previously posted critical comments on QBism. At the same time better understanding of QBists views on some problems leads to improvement and strengthening of other critical comments."

Extract: "We now summarize our discussion on distinguishing and delicate features of
QBism:

1. QBism is about private experience of agents making predictions about outcomes of experiments. The sample of agents is not arbitrary. A QBism agent has to belong to so to say “quantum club”, i.e., to be “quantumly educated.”

2. The paradigm of the “universal quantum Bayesian agent” is totally foreign to QBism.

3. It is the natural further step from exploring mental structures in statistical physics and thermodynamics - technique of calculation of probabilities based on invention of virtual ensembles (Gibbs, Schrodinger, Jaynes). The use of such ensembles composed of mental copies of a single system naturally leads to the subjective interpretation of probabilities.

4. It matches well with scientific methodology presented by de Finettei in his great pamphlet “Probabilismo”. By this methodology science is about our private experiences. QBists understand well that QBism is a part of so to say SBism, where “S” is for science. In particular, CBism (where “C” from classical physics) was discussed in very details by D. Mermin. S. Fuchs started his pathway to QBism from subjective treatment of classical thermodynamics in the spirit of 1). Concentration on QBism is explained by real necessity to solve the interpretational problems of QM in the light of the quantum information revolution.

5. QBism is a local interpretation of QM.

6. Is QBism a non-realist interpretation of QM? It is a complicated philosophic issue. It seems that for subjectivists (both classical, as de Finetti, and quantum) the reality is constructed from our private experiences. From this viewpoint they are realists.

7. QBism is not a version of Copenhagen interpretation, although it was rooted in it.

8. By QBism the quantum formalism is a machinery for consistent assignment of subjective probabilities for outputs of possible experiment.

9. This probability synchronization machinery cannot be simply treated as a kind of probability update machinery.

10. The Born rule is treated as the main axiom of QM, other axioms are just supplement.

11. This rule is represented in the form of generalized law of total probability SIC POVM FTP.

12. The use of SIC POVMs is crucial, since QBists hope that SIC POVM FTP encodes all basic features of QM.

13. For consistency of QBism all probabilities in SIC POVM FTP have to be interpreted as subjective probabilities, even conditional probabilities p(bj |ai).

For further critiques of QBism see:

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1608.05780.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1608.05780.pdf)

As quantum information science advances (see the following linked open access article, entitled: " Quantum spin transistor with a Heisenberg spin chain"), the fine points of the correct interpretation will become more important:

http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13070 (http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13070)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 11, 2016, 06:20:34 PM
Per Khrennikov (2016), cited in Reply #141, QBism is a subpart of Science Bayesism, SB, which are both subjective, with QBism treating Born's rule as a quantum generalization of the formula of total probability (FTP)

Extract: "QBism refers to the irreducible role of a mental element in decision making about the outcomes of quantum experiments.

Thus QBism is just a part of de Finetti’s SBism (where ‘S’ is from ‘Science’). Another good source on interrelation of QBism and CBism (the latter is about the private agent perspective for classical physics) is Mermin’s paper.

QBists treat Born’s rule as quantum generalization of FTP. We remind that classical FTP functionally connects the probability distribution of one observable, say A, with probability distribution of another observable, say B, by using the conditional probabilities p(B|A) …"

Thus QBism (and SBism) appear(s) to be related to the "Constructor Theory of Probability" presented in the linked reference & following discussion article.  All of these findings support HIOTTOE:

Chiara Marletto. "Constructor theory of probability." Proceedings of The Royal Society A. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2015.0883

http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/472/2192/20150883 (http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/472/2192/20150883)
&
https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf (https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf)


Abstract: "Unitary quantum theory, having no Born Rule, is non-probabilistic. Hence the notorious problem of reconciling it with the unpredictability and appearance of stochasticity in quantum measurements. Generalizing and improving upon the so-called ‘decision-theoretic approach’, I shall recast that problem in the recently proposed constructor theory of information—where quantum theory is represented as one of a class of superinformation theories, which are local, non-probabilistic theories conforming to certain constructor-theoretic conditions. I prove that the unpredictability of measurement outcomes (to which constructor theory gives an exact meaning) necessarily arises in superinformation theories. Then I explain how the appearance of stochasticity in (finitely many) repeated measurements can arise under superinformation theories. And I establish sufficient conditions for a superinformation theory to inform decisions (made under it) as if it were probabilistic, via a Deutsch–Wallace-type argument—thus defining a class of decision-supporting superinformation theories. This broadens the domain of applicability of that argument to cover constructor-theory compliant theories. In addition, in this version some of the argument's assumptions, previously construed as merely decision-theoretic, follow from physical properties expressed by constructor-theoretic principles."
See also:
http://phys.org/news/2016-09-non-probabilistic-quantum-theory-unpredictable-results.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-09-non-probabilistic-quantum-theory-unpredictable-results.html)

Extract: "Quantum measurements are often inherently unpredictable, yet the usual way in which quantum theory accounts for unpredictability has long been viewed as somewhat unsatisfactory. In a new study, University of Oxford physicist Chiara Marletto has developed an alternative way to account for the unpredictability observed in quantum measurements by using the recently proposed theory of superinformation—a theory that is inherently non-probabilistic. The new perspective may lead to new possibilities in the search for a successor to quantum theory.

The unpredictability observed in quantum experiments is one of the unique features of the quantum world that sets it apart from classical physics. One prominent example of quantum unpredictability is the double-slit experiment: When sending a stream of particles (such as photons or electrons) through two small slits in a plate, the individual particles are detected at different locations on a screen behind the plate. Although it's possible to predict the probability of a particle impacting at a certain location, it's not possible to predict specifically where any individual particle will end up.

Traditionally, this apparent probabilistic behavior that is observed in experiments has been accounted for in quantum theory by using the Born rule. In 1926, the German physicist Max Born developed this rule to determine the probability of finding a quantum object at a certain location—or more generally, the probability that any measurement on a quantum system will produce a particular observed outcome, depending on the quantum state of the object.
The Born rule is a unique part of quantum theory in that it is the only stochastic, or randomly determined, element in quantum theory. The Born rule has basically been added by fiat on top of a theory that is otherwise deterministic. Ever since the rule was first proposed, physicists have questioned the probabilistic nature of quantum theory with the Born rule, and have wondered whether it would still be possible to account for observations, including unpredictability, without this rule.
In general, quantum theory without the Born rule would be completely non-probabilistic. The main problem with the proposal for such a theory, called "unitary quantum theory," is that it does not appear, at first sight, to agree with the observations of unpredictability in quantum measurements. One attempt to reconcile this conflict is the so-called "decision-theoretic approach," which was recently proposed by David Deutsch and established by David Wallace, and which forms the basis for the arguments in the new study.
The decision-theoretic approach shows that a rational agent that knows unitary quantum theory only (but does not assume the Born rule) would have the same expectations, in the experimental situations where the Born rule applies, as if he had assumed the Born rule," Marletto explained. "This is a remarkable result, but has been contested on the grounds that it relies on axioms of rationality that seem subjective and not physically motivated."


In the new paper, Marletto builds on the decision-theoretic approach to show that a completely deterministic quantum theory can essentially function as if it were probabilistic, so that measurements would be expected to produce unpredictable results, like those in the double-slit experiment and many others.
"There are two things: one, my work shows that unpredictability can arise under deterministic theories, and that it is a direct consequence of the impossibility of cloning certain sets of states," Marletto told Phys.org. "That unpredictability can arise under deterministic theories may seem a little surprising at first. But the point is that 'unpredictability' just means that it is impossible to build a predictor—a machine that would reliably predict the outcome of a single measurement of given observable on a system prepared in a given state. This impossibility is just like that of the no-cloning theorem, and does not require any probabilistic structure. Probabilities, instead, come into play only when considering patterns occurring in repeated experiments.
"Two, this work updates and generalizes the decision-theory approach to the Born rule in quantum theory, which was proposed to reconcile deterministic unitary quantum theory without the Born rule with the appearance of stochasticity in quantum experiments. In particular, it shows that most of the assumptions of that approach are not, as previously thought, subjective decision-theoretic axioms, but follow from physical properties of superinformation theories. It also establishes under what conditions superinformation theories support that argument, thereby defining a class of theoretical possibilities in which the successor of quantum theory might be sought."
Overall, the new results show that, to explain quantum experiments that have perplexed physicists for decades—experiments in which repeated, identical measurements produce different outcomes, where individual outcomes are unpredictable and appear to be random–it is not necessary to appeal to the Born rule or any other probabilistic assumptions.
As Marletto explains in her paper, her work builds on recent research in which she and Deutsch, also at Oxford, reformulated quantum theory as a type of superinformation theory under a new framework that they call the constructor theory of information.
When Deutsch and Marletto originally proposed the constructor theory of information a couple of years ago, they were searching for a way to link classical and quantum information under the same general framework. In the end, what they developed was a set of principles that can be thought of as part of the foundations from which all the laws of physics emerge—essentially, a new fundamental theory of physics.
The basic principle of constructor theory is that every law of physics must be expressible as a statement about which physical transformations (or tasks) are possible and which are impossible, and why. An example of a possible information processing task under quantum theory is switching any state to any other state, and vice versa. An example of an impossible task is cloning, which is creating an identical copy of an unknown state.
Constructor theory does not specify any particular laws of physics, but instead its principles are intended to supplement and underlie all laws of physics, both the known and currently unknown laws. This is similar to the way in which fundamental principles, such as conservation of energy and mass, must be obeyed by all laws of physics. Specific laws can be formulated to predict what will actually happen (not just what is possible) in specific circumstances. For example, some laws predict the trajectory of a projectile, others predict the flow of water, or the path of electricity, etc., always with the constraint of complying to constructor theory's principles. These restraints also provide a potential way to test the theory.
"The main way to test constructor theory is to test the theories conforming to its principles—for instance, the interoperability principle for information," Marletto said. "So, the same as one would do to test the principle of conservation of energy. In regard to the class of superinformation theories, they might be used to design new experiments about quantum theory, by providing a space of new theoretical possibilities where a rival of quantum theory may be sought. The promising feature is that, unlike most existing proposals for frameworks to generalize quantum theory, superinformation theories are deterministic and local."
In the future, Marletto plans to work on further developing the constructor theory framework, along with the superinformation theories it supports.
"Superinformation theories allow one to unify classical and quantum information under the same framework," she said. "There are exciting prospects about understanding what other superinformation theories there are in addition to quantum theory; coming up with measures of entanglement or quantum coherence in this generalized scenario would have the advantage of being more general than current quantum-information-theoretic ones. Another line of research that appears very interesting is to merge the theory of superinformation with the newly proposed constructor theory of thermodynamics, which will have bearings on the current quantum thermodynamics enterprise. There is also a project that Deutsch and I would like to pursue, that is to understand how superinformation theories can support the notion of 'relative state,' which is crucial in unitary quantum theory." "
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 11, 2016, 06:26:09 PM
While the recent advances in information science discussed in Reply #142, is not holding back Quantum Information Science, QIS, based on the Copenhagen Interpretation as indicated by the following link papers on recent advances in QIS; nevertheless, before AI takes on the functionality of consciousness, such work as QBism, Constructor Theory of Probability, and HIOTTOE will become important:

See:

Timothy Alexander Baart, Takafumi Fujita, Christian Reichl, Werner Wegscheider & Lieven Mark Koenraad Vandersypen  (2016), "Coherent spin-exchange via a quantum mediator", Nature Nanotechnology, doi:10.1038/nnano.2016.188

http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html (http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html)

Abstract: "Coherent interactions at a distance provide a powerful tool for quantum simulation and computation. The most common approach to realize an effective long-distance coupling ‘on-chip’ is to use a quantum mediator, as has been demonstrated for superconducting qubits and trapped ions. For quantum dot arrays, which combine a high degree of tunability with extremely long coherence times, the experimental demonstration of the time evolution of coherent spin–spin coupling via an intermediary system remains an important outstanding goal. Here, we use a linear triple-quantum-dot array to demonstrate a coherent time evolution of two interacting distant spins via a quantum mediator. The two outer dots are occupied with a single electron spin each, and the spins experience a superexchange interaction through the empty middle dot, which acts as mediator. Using single-shot spin readout, we measure the coherent time evolution of the spin states on the outer dots and observe a characteristic dependence of the exchange frequency as a function of the detuning between the middle and outer dots. This approach may provide a new route for scaling up spin qubit circuits using quantum dots, and aid in the simulation of materials and molecules with non-nearest-neighbour couplings such as MnO, high-temperature superconductors and DNA. The same superexchange concept can also be applied in cold atom experiments."

&

Fumiki Yoshihara, Tomoko Fuse, Sahel Ashhab, Kosuke Kakuyanagi, Shiro Saito & Kouichi Semba (2016), "Superconducting qubit–oscillator circuit beyond the ultrastrong-coupling regime", Nature Physics; doi:10.1038/nphys3906

http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3906.html (http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3906.html)

Abstract: "The interaction between an atom and the electromagnetic field inside a cavityhas played a crucial role in developing our understanding of light–matter interaction, and is central to various quantum technologies, including lasers and many quantum computing architectures. Superconducting qubits have allowed the realization of strong and ultrastrong coupling between artificial atoms and cavities. If the coupling strength g becomes as large as the atomic and cavity frequencies (Δ and ωo, respectively), the energy eigenstates including the ground state are predicted to be highly entangled. There has been an ongoing debate over whether it is fundamentally possible to realize this regime in realistic physical systems. By inductively coupling a flux qubit and an LC oscillator via Josephson junctions, we have realized circuits with g/ωo ranging from 0.72 to 1.34 and g/Δ  1. Using spectroscopy measurements, we have observed unconventional transition spectra that are characteristic of this new regime. Our results provide a basis for ground-state-based entangled pair generation and open a new direction of research on strongly correlated light–matter states in circuit quantum electrodynamics."

&

P. Forn-Díaz, J. J. García-Ripoll, B. Peropadre, J.-L. Orgiazzi, M. A. Yurtalan, R. Belyansky, C. M. Wilson & A. Lupascu  (2016), "Ultrastrong coupling of a single artificial atom to an electromagnetic continuum in the nonperturbative regime", Nature Physics doi:10.1038/nphys3905

http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3905.html (http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3905.html)

Abstract: "The study of light–matter interaction has led to important advances in quantum optics and enabled numerous technologies. Over recent decades, progress has been made in increasing the strength of this interaction at the single-photon level. More recently, a major achievement has been the demonstration of the so-called strong coupling regime, a key advancement enabling progress in quantum information science. Here, we demonstrate light–matter interaction over an order of magnitude stronger than previously reported, reaching the nonperturbative regime of ultrastrong coupling (USC). We achieve this using a superconducting artificial atom tunably coupled to the electromagnetic continuum of a one-dimensional waveguide. For the largest coupling, the spontaneous emission rate of the atom exceeds its transition frequency. In this USC regime, the description of atom and light as distinct entities breaks down, and a new description in terms of hybrid states is required. Beyond light–matter interaction itself, the tunability of our system makes it a promising tool to study a number of important physical systems, such as the well-known spin-boson and Kondo models."

&

van Frank et al (2016), "Optimal control of complex atomic quantum systems", Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34187, doi: 10.1038/srep34187

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34187 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep34187)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 12, 2016, 05:04:42 PM
Just because it is interesting, I note that the linked reference shows how to use the resonance Casimir-Polder interaction between two entangled atoms to detect spacetime curvature.

Tian et. al. (Oct. 12, 2016), "Detecting the Curvature of de Sitter Universe with Two Entangled Atoms); Scientific Reports 6, Article number 35222; doi: 10.1038/srep35222

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35222 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35222)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 13, 2016, 07:07:14 PM
As I have previously mentioned (See Replies #110, #117, #119, and others), the perception of time is related to different factors such as: changes in entropy; symmetry breaking, observation/measures, etc. (see the attached image).  Therefore, one would expect time to be perceived to behave differently at extremely low temperatures (with very little changes in entropy), as has been reported in the following linked reference by Zhang et al (2016):

Zhang et. al. (2016), "Observation of a Discrete Time Crystal", arXiv:1609.08684v1

https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.08684 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.08684)

Abstract: "Spontaneous symmetry breaking is a fundamental concept in many areas of physics, ranging from cosmology and particle physics to condensed matter. A prime example is the breaking of spatial translation symmetry, which underlies the formation of crystals and the phase transition from liquid to solid. Analogous to crystals in space, the breaking of translation symmetry in time and the emergence of a "time crystal" was recently proposed, but later shown to be forbidden in thermal equilibrium. However, non-equilibrium Floquet systems subject to a periodic drive can exhibit persistent time-correlations at an emergent sub-harmonic frequency. This new phase of matter has been dubbed a "discrete time crystal" (DTC). Here, we present the first experimental observation of a discrete time crystal, in an interacting spin chain of trapped atomic ions. We apply a periodic Hamiltonian to the system under many-body localization (MBL) conditions, and observe a sub-harmonic temporal response that is robust to external perturbations. Such a time crystal opens the door for studying systems with long-range spatial-temporal correlations and novel phases of matter that emerge under intrinsically non-equilibrium conditions."


See also:
http://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-just-created-the-world-s-first-time-crystal (http://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-just-created-the-world-s-first-time-crystal)

Extract: "Just last month, physicists made the best case yet for why time crystals - hypothetical structures that have movement without energy - could technically exist as physical objects.

And now, four years after they were first proposed, scientists have managed to add a fourth dimension - the movement of time - to a crystal for the first time, giving it the ability to act as a kind of perpetual 'time-keeper'.

To be clear, we’re not talking about perpetual motion machines here, because by definition, there is no energy in these systems.

But it does demonstrate that time crystals can occur in a real, physical system, and the team says that they could help us solve the problem of quantum memory - that is, how to retain information in the future generation of quantum computers."


Furthermore, the recent developments in quantum information science, QIS, are so numerous that I provide the following links to those who are interested, without further elaboration:

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35032 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35032)

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35149 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35149)

http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html (http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html)

http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html (http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2016.188.html)

http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3905.html (http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys3905.html)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 13, 2016, 08:08:58 PM
Apparently, a group of scientists and billionaires plan to execute" …" a million-dollar project to 1) prove the existence of the Matrix and 2) break us out of this computer generated reality, similar to what Neo did in the movies."

http://wallstreetpit.com/112096-matrix-real-robot-grub/?google_editors_picks=true (http://wallstreetpit.com/112096-matrix-real-robot-grub/?google_editors_picks=true)

Extract: "The Wachowskis’ sci-fi hit, The Matrix, has a concept that’s out of this world, but what if that’s exactly what our robot overlord want us to believe? According to a group of scientists/billionaires who managed to convince themselves that we are all stuck in a Matrix-like existence, complete with robotic entities literally sucking the life out of our bodies, truth is stranger than fiction.

And just to prove a point, these influential intellectuals are banding together for a million-dollar project to 1) prove the existence of the Matrix and 2) break us out of this computer generated reality, similar to what Neo did in the movies.

Understandably, these tech billionaires refused to be named but they insist that the dangers of a Matrix-like life sucking machine is not an imaginary one.

The New Yorker’s Ted Friend revealed in a piece that the idea of “simulation hypothesis” has been circulating in the tech’s elite, spawning fears among the rich and powerful that all that fame, money and influence are just in their heads. The article highlighted the ruminations of “Y Combinator” owner Sam Altman but Friend stopped short at naming him as one of the unnamed tech personalities that are engaged in the project.

Fueling the obsession that we’re all tangled in a robotic Matrix is a Bank of America Merrill Lynch report that says there’s a 20% to 50% chance that “we’re all living in a simulated world.”"

Edit: If it is not clear to the reader, I do not subscribe to the simulation hypothesis (nor the associated "cheap" interpretation of "The Matrix", that does not consider satori as a means to liberation).  Furthermore, the following linked article entitled "Tech Billionaires Want to Destroy the Universe" from a U.K. writer for The Atlantic shows just how confused otherwise smart people can become when considering matters like the simulation hypothesis, the Holographic Principle, etc., without an understanding of HIOTTOE and the free-will information network interpretation of reality.

http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/10/silicon-valley-is-obsessed-with-a-false-notion-of-reality/503963/ (http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/10/silicon-valley-is-obsessed-with-a-false-notion-of-reality/503963/)

Extract: "Outside the simulation hypothesis there are scientists who propose that our universe is a single black hole, with what we perceive as matter being a hologram emerging from a two-dimensional ring of information along its event horizon; there are mathematical Platonists who, following Max Tegmark, consider the world to be a set of abstract mathematical objects, of which physical objects are a crude epiphenomenon. If matter doesn’t ‘really’ exist, there’s no need for anything to be rooted anywhere; we might live suspended in a looping chain of simulations and appearances that coils back on itself and never has to touch the ground.

Elon Musk and his co-religionists aren’t actually blinded by artifice; they’re fixated on a strange and outdated notion that somewhere, there has to be a concrete reality—they’ve just decided that it’s not this one. It doesn’t really matter what top-secret projects are being cooked up in their airily malignant campuses; they’re highly unlikely to ever shatter the bonds of physical reality. After all, our unknown creators could always just hover the mouse over their weightless and unreal bodies, and press delete. What’s far more worrying is the fact that the people who want to destroy the only world we really have are also the people increasingly in charge of it."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 13, 2016, 11:25:22 PM
The linked reference demonstrates that by using condensate states and loop quantum gravity the researchers were able to accurately model the microscopic origin of the entropy of a black hole.  This work not only supports the Holographic hypothesis, but also clearly supports HIOTTOE's position the local free-will information network of dimples at a black hole exhibit condensate behavior due to the large numbers of interconnecting direct information vectors in such local networks/circuits:

Daniele Oriti, Daniele Pranzetti, Lorenzo Sindoni. Horizon Entropy from Quantum Gravity Condensates. Physical Review Letters, 2016; 116 (21) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301

http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301 (http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.211301)

Abstract: "We construct condensate states encoding the continuum spherically symmetric quantum geometry of a horizon in full quantum gravity, i.e., without any classical symmetry reduction, in the group field theory formalism. Tracing over the bulk degrees of freedom, we show how the resulting reduced density matrix manifestly exhibits a holographic behavior. We derive a complete orthonormal basis of eigenstates for the reduced density matrix of the horizon and use it to compute the horizon entanglement entropy. By imposing consistency with the horizon boundary conditions and semiclassical thermodynamical properties, we recover the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula for any value of the Immirzi parameter. Our analysis supports the equivalence between the von Neumann (entanglement) entropy interpretation and the Boltzmann (statistical) one."


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160526095638.htm (https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160526095638.htm)

Extract: "Black holes are still very mysterious celestial bodies which, according to the majority of physicists, do not, however, escape the laws of thermodynamics. As a result, these physical systems possess an entropy though no real agreement has been reached about the microscopic origin of this propriety and how it should be calculated.

A "condensate” is a collection of ‘atoms’ - in this case space quanta – all of which share the same properties so that, even though there are huge numbers of them, we can nonetheless study their collective behavior simply, by referring to the microscopic properties of the individual particle. So now the analogy with classical thermodynamics seems clearer: just as fluids at our scale appear as continuous materials despite their consisting of a huge number of atoms, similarly, in quantum gravity, the fundamental constituent atoms of space form a sort of fluid, that is, continuous space-time. A continuous and homogenous geometry (like that of a spherically symmetric black hole) can, as Pranzetti and colleagues suggest, be described as a condensate, which facilitates the underlying mathematical calculations, keeping in account an a priori infinite number of degrees of freedom.

“We were therefore able to use a more complete and richer model compared with what done in the past in LQG, and obtain a far more realistic and robust result”, continues Pranzetti. “This allowed us to resolve several ambiguities afflicting previous calculations  due to the comparison of these simplified LQG models with the results of semiclassical analysis, as carried out by Hawking and Bekenstein”.  Another important aspect of Pranzetti and colleagues’ study is that it proposes a concrete mechanism in support to the holographic hypothesis, whereby the three-dimensionality of black holes could be merely apparent: all their information could be contained on a two-dimensional surface, without having to investigate the structure of the  inside (hence the link between entropy and surface area rather than volume)."

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 14, 2016, 05:29:40 PM
The linked reference indicates how the Holographic Model can be calibrated to match the effects of dark energy:

H. Farajollahi, A. Ravanpak (2016), "A 5D HOLOGRAPHIC DARK ENERGY IN DGP-BRANE COSMOLOGY",

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1605.09054.pdf

Abstract: "This paper is aimed at investigating a 5D holographic dark energy in DGP-BRANE cosmology by employing a combination of Sne Ia, BAO and CMB observational data to fit the cosmological parameters in the model. We describe the dynamic of a FRW for the normal branch (epsilon = +1) of solutions of the induced gravity brane-world model. We take the matter in 5D bulk as holographic dark energy that its holographic nature is reproduced effectively in 4D. The cosmic evolution reveals that the effective 4D holographic dark energy behaves as quintessence while taking into account the 4D cold dark matter results in matter dominated universe followed by late time acceleration."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 14, 2016, 11:46:59 PM
I thought that this commentary on human artificial intelligence fit best in this thread.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 17, 2016, 05:06:31 AM
As I have indicated that in HIOTTOE Siddharttha Gotama  (563 BC to 483 BC) could be represented as a fully realized dimple in our current kalpa (the bhadrakalpa or Auspicious aeon, representing one of about 10X530 different potential evolved free-will information network configurations); I present the following relevant Pali Cannon extracts:


"All we are is the result of what we have thought, it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts. If a man speaks or acts with a pure thought, happiness follows him like a shadow that never leaves him."  Dhammapada, 1, 2


 “The mind and body are dependent on each other the way two sheaves stand up by leaning against each other.” Samyutta Nikaya 2.14


“Bhikkhus, this samsara is without discoverable beginning. A first point is not discerned of beings roaming and wandering on hindered by ignorance and fettered by craving. There comes a time, bhikkhus, when the great oceans dry up and evaporates and no longer exists, when the earth burns up and perishes and no longer exists, but still I say, there is no making an end of suffering for those beings roaming and wandering on hindered by ignorance and fettered by craving.” Samyutta Nikaya 22.99


"He recalls to mind his various temporary states in days gone by – one birth, or two or three or four or five births, 10 or 20, 30 or 50, a 100 or a 1,000 or a 100,000 births, through many cycles of cosmic contraction and cosmic expansion . . . Now there comes a time, when sooner or later, after the lapse of a long, long period of contraction, this world-system passes away. And when this happens beings have mostly been re-born in the World of Radiance, and there they dwell made of mind, feeding on joy, radiating light from themselves, traversing the air, dwelling in glory; and thus they remain for a long, long period of time. Now there comes also a time, friends, when sooner or later, this universe begins to re-evolve by expansion."  Brahmajala Sutta, Digha Nikaya, Sutta Pitaka

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 19, 2016, 12:58:13 AM
Albert Einstein once said: "Science without religion is lame; Religion without science is blind." Therefore, I provide the following words of wisdom from the Pali Canon:

"Your worst enemy cannot harm you as much as your own thoughts, unguarded. But once mastered, no one can help you as much, not even your father or your mother."  Dh., chapter 3

"One for whom these teachings are accepted thus after being pondered to a sufficient degree with wisdom is called a dhamma-follower, one who has entered the fixed course of rightness, entered the plane of superior persons, transcended the plane of the worldlings. He is incapable of doing any deed by reason of which he might be reborn in hell, in the animal realm, or in the domain of ghosts; he is incapable of passing away without having realized the fruit of stream entry." Samyutta Nikaya 25.10

"Bhikkhus, a noble disciple who possesses four things is a stream-enterer, . . . He possesses the virtues dear to the noble ones, unbroken." Samyutta Nikaya 55.2

"There are, O monks, these blessings in realizing the fruit of stream-entry: One is firm in the good Dhamma. One is unable to fall back." Anguttara Nikaya 6.97

"Consider the person who is accomplished in the precepts, and is moderately successful in concentration, moderately successful in wisdom – by destroying the three hindrances, he becomes one, who will be reborn seven times at most [stream entrant]" Anguttara Nikaya 9.12

"The stream winner, with virtues dear to noble ones endowed, which are unbroken and without a rent, untarnished and without a blemish, purifying, praised by the wise, uncontaminated and conducive to concentration." Anguttara Nikaya 9.27

"Therein, bhikkhus, the meditator who is both a thorough worker and a persistent worker regarding concentration is the chief . . . the most excellent of the kinds of meditators." Samyutta Nikaya 34.53

"It is better to conquer yourself than to win a thousand battles." (Dh., chapter 8 )

"Hate never ceases by hatred, only love dispels hate. This is an ancient and timeless law." (Dh., chapter 1)

Edit: See attached image
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 19, 2016, 03:05:24 PM
The linked SkS article is entitled: "Finance for deep-rooted prosperity is coming".  The article indicates that both public & private financial institutions are learning to how to better measure factors that could help resist systemic isolation in socio-economic systems:


https://www.skepticalscience.com/finance-deep-rooted-prosperity.html (https://www.skepticalscience.com/finance-deep-rooted-prosperity.html)

Extract: "We are entering a new age in the life of Earth systems, and in the evolution of human civilization, but also in the way we conceive of finance—its purpose, its vulnerabilities, and its power to generate good outcomes. As we see more and more clearly that universal education, gender equality, food and water security, and climate resilience, are macrocritical drivers on which all other value ultimately depends, major financial institutions, both in the public and private sector, are learning how to measure their performance against macrocritical indicators."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 19, 2016, 06:41:06 PM
In Reply #115 I provide links to references discussing the relationship of dark energy to "Holographic Dark Information Energy" that indicate that "… algorithmic entropy of the universe always increases because the extra states produced by the accelerating expansion compensate for the loss of entropy from star formation."  Furthermore, the reference in Reply #148 provides specific mathematics as to how Holographic information theory accounts for dark energy.

With this in mind I reiterate that HIOTTOE is based on an evolving free-will information network that cyclically (and timelessly) reconfigures itself into different configurations (depending on the free-will choices) that metaphorically correspond to the dimples (baby universes) in the String Theory Landscape.  In this regards dark energy can be calculated based on changes in information entropy.  Furthermore, dark matter can be related to significantly, but partially realized, free-will information dimples, or arahants ranging from stream dippers: pakati-savaka, maha-savaka, agga-savaka, to pacceka-hodhisatta.  Finally, the baby universes are sub-divided based on the maha-bodhisatta associated with these free-will information network configurations.
In this regards, the configuration of the free-will information network associated with the observable universe results in 68% dark energy, 27% dark matter and 5% normal matter (see the following Forbes article); which can be used to help characterize the specifics of how the free-will information network is currently configured:

The linked article is entitled: "No Number Of Additional Galaxies Can Prevent The Universe From Needing Dark Matter"

http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/10/19/no-number-of-additional-galaxies-can-prevent-the-universe-from-needing-dark-matter/#64fa290a4fe1 (http://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2016/10/19/no-number-of-additional-galaxies-can-prevent-the-universe-from-needing-dark-matter/#64fa290a4fe1)

Extract: "Those same sources of data that tell us the normal matter density — plus many others — can all be combined to paint a single cohesive picture of the Universe: 68% dark energy, 27% dark matter and 5% normal matter, with no more than 0.1% of anything else like neutrinos, photons or gravitational waves. It’s important to remember that the “5% normal matter” doesn’t just include stars or other light-emitting forms of matter, but rather everything that’s composed of protons, neutrons and electrons in the entire Universe. More stars, more galaxies or more sources of light might be a remarkably interesting discovery, but it doesn’t mean that we don’t need dark matter. In fact, to obtain the Universe as we observe it to be, dark matter is an indispensable ingredient."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 21, 2016, 05:06:46 AM
As I have referred to the Holographic Principle (which is still being formalized) many times in this thread, I provide the following Wikipedia link & associated extract for those who are interested:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_principle


Extract: “The holographic principle is a principle of string theories and a supposed property of quantum gravity that states that the description of a volume of space can be thought of as encoded on a lower-dimensional boundary to the region—preferably a light-like boundary like a gravitational horizon. First proposed by Gerard 't Hooft, it was given a precise string-theory interpretation by Leonard Susskind who combined his ideas with previous ones of 't Hooft and Charles Thorn. As pointed out by Raphael Bousso, Thorn observed in 1978 that string theory admits a lower-dimensional description in which gravity emerges from it in what would now be called a holographic way.

In a larger sense, the theory suggests that the entire universe can be seen as two-dimensional information on the cosmological horizon, the event horizon from which information may still be gathered and not lost due to the natural limitations of spacetime supporting a black hole, an observer and a given setting of these specific elements, such that the three dimensions we observe are an effective description only at macroscopic scales and at low energies. Cosmological holography has not been made mathematically precise, partly because the particle horizon has a non-zero area and grows with time.

The holographic principle was inspired by black hole thermodynamics, which conjectures that the maximal entropy in any region scales with the radius squared, and not cubed as might be expected. In the case of a black hole, the insight was that the informational content of all the objects that have fallen into the hole might be entirely contained in surface fluctuations of the event horizon. The holographic principle resolves the black hole information paradox within the framework of string theory.  However, there exist classical solutions to the Einstein equations that allow values of the entropy larger than those allowed by an area law, hence in principle larger than those of a black hole. These are the so-called "Wheeler's bags of gold". The existence of such solutions conflicts with the holographic interpretation, and their effects in a quantum theory of gravity including the holographic principle are not yet fully understood.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 22, 2016, 04:30:08 PM
The linked commentary piece is entitled: "The Space Between Two Worlds"; and addresses how to take the "middle path" in a universe where all too often unwanted things keep happening and wanted things happen too infrequently.

https://the-macroscope.org/the-space-between-two-worlds-bc75ecc8af57#.jvaz1fo7u

Extract: "I’ve come to believe that the best place to live is precisely between two worlds — between the world of despair and frustration, which reminds us of the work we must do and the stakes involved, and the world of awe, wonder, hope, inspiration, and love, which refuels our minds and our hearts, and keeps us going.

Living between two worlds is uncomfortable. And hard. And sometimes it’s tempting to live in just one of these worlds, instead of having a foot in both.



But, for me, the best place is to be exactly in the middle: to feel both the hope and the anguish, the joy and the suffering, of our moment of history. We need both to fuel us, steer us, and keep our paths true.

I think we need the gravitational pull of both worlds to keep us on track, locked on a good and righteous path. Without both worlds pulling equally on us, we would crash into one, or simply lose our way, hurtling through the universe on our own, intersecting nothing, helping no one.

Gandhi once said, “Anything that exists is possible.” And with possibility begins hope. And with hope, we can change the world."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 22, 2016, 06:00:53 PM
This post is a follow-up to Reply #142 about the "Constructor Theory of Probability", see also:
https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf (https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf)

The first linked article is entitled: "Turing, and Constructor Theory, and The Logic of Universal Survivors".  This discussion on Constructor Theory & Universal Survivors is very much in line with the Buddha's evolving universe and his comments in the linked image:

http://bigthink.com/errors-we-live-by/universal-computers-replicators-survivors (http://bigthink.com/errors-we-live-by/universal-computers-replicators-survivors)

Extract:
"8. Having “Turingized” quantum computers, Deutsch is now building Constructor Theory (CT), with Chiara Marletto.

9. Constructors are theoretical objects that can reliably and repeatedly perform discrete transformation tasks. “Factories, robots and living cells are good approximations to constructors.”"

The second linked article is entitled: "A Meta-Law to Rule Them All: Physicists Devise a “Theory of Everything”"

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-meta-law-to-rule-them-all-physicists-devise-a-theory-of-everything/ (https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-meta-law-to-rule-them-all-physicists-devise-a-theory-of-everything/)

Extract: "“Constructor theory” unites in one framework how information is processed in the classical and quantum realms.

Rickles believes that constructor theory has the potential to prescribe meta-laws that general relativity and quantum theory must obey. “The meta-laws are more stable creatures, they survive scientific revolutions,” he says. “Having such principles in hand gives us a better grasp of the nature of reality. I’d say that’s a pretty good advantage.”"


For more on the Constructor Theory, see also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructor_theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructor_theory)
&
http://constructortheory.org/ (http://constructortheory.org/)





The next linked reference is entitled: "The Logic of Experimental Tests, Particularly of Everettian Quantum Theory":

David Deutsch (9 Jul 2016), "The Logic of Experimental Tests, Particularly of Everettian Quantum Theory", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2016.06.001 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2016.06.001)

http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/logic-experimental-tests-paper.pdf (http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/logic-experimental-tests-paper.pdf)


Abstract: "Claims that the standard procedure for testing scientific theories is inapplicable to Everettian quantum theory, and hence that the theory is untestable, are due to misconceptions about probability and about the logic of experimental testing. Refuting those claims by correcting those misconceptions leads to an improved theory of scientific methodology (based on Popper׳s) and testing, which allows various simplifications, notably the elimination of everything probabilistic from the methodology (‘Bayesian’ credences) and from fundamental physics (stochastic processes)."




The last linked reference is entitled: "The Constructor Theory of Thermodynamics":


Chiara Marletto (2016), "The Constructor Theory of Thermodynamics"

http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Thd-ArXiv-2.pdf (http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Thd-ArXiv-2.pdf)


Abstract: "The laws of thermodynamics, powerful for countless purposes, are not exact: both their phenomenological and their statistical-mechanical versions are valid only at ‘macroscopic scales’, which are never defined. Here I propose a new, exact and scale-independent formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, using the principles and tools of the recently proposed constructor theory. Specifically, I improve upon the axiomatic formulations of thermodynamics (Carathéodory, 1909; Lieb & Yngvason, 1999) by proposing an exact and more general formulation of ‘adiabatic accessibility’. This work provides an exact distinction between work and heat; it reveals an unexpected connection between information theory and the first law of thermodynamics (not just the second); it resolves the clash between the irreversibility of the ‘cycle’-based second law and time-reversal symmetric dynamical laws. It also achieves the long-sought unification of the axiomatic version of the second law with Kelvin’s."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 22, 2016, 10:12:29 PM
It is a fundamental position in HIOTTOE that the free-will information network is timeless.  The linked reference notes that quantum theory can explain such timeless in terms of entanglement; and then generalizes this so that it can be applied to theory beyond quantum theory (such as the Constructor Theory, or for that matter for HIOTTOE).

Chiara Marletto, Vlatko Vedral (15 Oct 2016), "Evolution without evolution, and without ambiguities"; arXiv:1610.04773v1

https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.04773

Abstract: "In quantum theory it is possible to explain time, and dynamics, in terms of entanglement. This is the timeless approach to time, which assumes that the universe is in a stationary state, where two non-interacting subsystems, the clock and the rest, are entangled. As a consequence, by choosing a suitable observable of the clock, the relative state of the rest of the universe evolves unitarily with respect to the variable labelling the clock observable's eigenstates, which is then interpreted as time. This model for an evolution without evolution (Page and Wootters, 1983), albeit elegant, has never been developed further, because it was criticised for generating severe ambiguities in the dynamics of the rest of the universe. In this paper we show that there are no such ambiguities, we also update the model, making it amenable to possible new applications."

Extract: "We have shown that the PW timeless approach to time in quantum theory has no ambiguities, thus vindicating it as a viable proposal for the emergence of time in a time-less universe described by the unitary quantum theory. The non-interacting property of the clock is crucial to establish that result: a good clock is not just a system with a large set of orthogonal states, such as good memory; it must be non-interacting while it is used as a clock.  We have also updated the model so that it becomes possible to apply to more general theories, including the successor of quantum theory. One possible development is to investigate under what conditions the PW logic could apply to different theories than quantum theory (e.g., generalised probabilistic theories or constructor theory’s super-information theories). The challenge there is to understand what relative states would be, as well as in what form the clock ambiguity might appear. Another interesting application could be to recast this model in terms of pseudo-density matrices, where time and space are treated in a unified framework. Finally, it is worth speculating about how the PW approach might provide observable consequences, when combined with cosmological models."

Next, I note that if when the timeless approach is more fully understood/generalized, speculations regarding both F-Theory and loop quantum gravity indicate that it should be possible to develop computers that are faster than quantum computers (see the following link to a Wikipedia article on Quantum Computing)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_computing

Extract: "It has been speculated that theories of quantum gravity, such as M-theory or loop quantum gravity, may allow even faster computers to be built. Currently, defining computation in such theories is an open problem due to the problem of time, i.e., there currently exists no obvious way to describe what it means for an observer to submit input to a computer and later receive output."


Also see:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Deutsch

Extract: "David Elieser Deutsch, FRS (born 18 May 1953), is an Israeli-born British physicist at the University of Oxford. He is a non-stipendiary Visiting Professor in the Department of Atomic and Laser Physics at the Centre for Quantum Computation (CQC) in the Clarendon Laboratory of the University of Oxford. He pioneered the field of quantum computation by formulating a description for a quantum Turing machine, as well as specifying an algorithm designed to run on a quantum computer. He is a proponent of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 23, 2016, 02:31:39 AM
If my last post did not make it clear, Shape Dynamics conforms with the Constructor Theory of Information (and also with HIOTTOE), and the following linked reference indicates that progress is being made w.r.t. verifying that Shape Dynamics is a viable alternative to General Relativity (which is important because HIOTTOE makes different projections that General Relativity regarding the details of black holes & dark matter):


Daniel C. Guariento, Flavio Mercati (3 June 2016), Self-gravitating fluid solutions of Shape Dynamics”, arXiv:1606.01215v1



https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.01215


Abstract: “Shape Dynamics is a 3D conformally invariant theory of gravity which possesses a large set of solutions in common with General Relativity. When looked closely, these solutions are found to behave in surprising ways, so in order to probe the fitness of Shape Dynamics as a viable alternative to General Relativity one must find and understand increasingly more complex, less symmetrical exact solutions, on which to base perturbative studies and numerical analyses in order to compare them with data. Spherically symmetric exact solutions have been studied, but only in a static vacuum setup. In this work we construct a class of time-dependent exact solutions of Shape Dynamics from first principles, representing a central inhomogeneity in an evolving cosmological environment. By assuming only a perfect fluid source in a spherically symmetric geometry we show that this fully dynamic non-vacuum solution satisfies in all generality the Hamiltonian structure of Shape Dynamics. The simplest choice of solutions is shown to be a member of the McVittie family.“
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 23, 2016, 11:47:13 AM
For convenience I provide the following extracts from  "The Constructor Theory of Thermodynamics"; which clarify how HIOTTOE conforms to the logic structure of the Constructor Theory of Information:

Chiara Marletto (2016), "The Constructor Theory of Thermodynamics"

http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Thd-ArXiv-2.pdf (http://constructortheory.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Thd-ArXiv-2.pdf)

Extract: "In constructor-theoretic physics the primitive notion of a ‘physical system’ is replaced by the slightly different notion of a substrate, which is a physical system some of whose properties can be changed by a physical transformation brought about by a constructor, which is in turn a substrate that undergoes no net change in its ability to do this. The other primitive elements are tasks (as defined below), and the statements about their being possible/impossible. Intuitively a task specifies the states of all the substrates allowed at the beginning and end of the transformation, except those of the constructor(s) bringing it about.



For any substrate, a subsidiary theory must provide its states, attributes and variables. These are physical properties of the substrate, which are represented in several interrelated ways. An attribute of a substrate is formally defined as a set of all the states in which the substrate has that property.



A task is the abstract specification of a set of physical transformations on a substrate, which is transformed from having one attribute to having another.



A constructor for the task A is defined as a physical system that would cause A to occur on the substrates and would remain unchanged in its ability to cause that again.



A task T is impossible (denoted as T✗) if there is a law of physics that forbids its being carried out with arbitrary accuracy and reliability by a constructor. Otherwise, T is possible, (denoted by T✓ ). This means that a constructor capable of performing T can be physically realized with arbitrary accuracy and reliability (short of perfection).



Non-probabilistic, counterfactual properties – i.e. about what does not happen, but
could – are the centrepiece of constructor theory’s mode of explanation…



As a consequence of laws being stated in terms of possible/impossible tasks, the emergence of an arrow of time and the second law of thermodynamics appear as entirely distinct issues (Barbour, et. al 2014; Marsland et. al., op. cit.). The former is about the spontaneous evolution of isolated physical systems …



I shall now summarise the principles of the constructor theory of information (Deutsch & Marletto, 2015), which I shall use in sections 5 and 6 to define ‘work media’ and ‘heat media’, and to distinguish work from heat. The principles express the exact properties required of physical laws by the theories of (classical) information, computation and communication. An important point here is that nothing that follows is probabilistic or ‘subjective’. Information is understood in constructor theory in terms of objective, counterfactual properties of substrates (‘information media’) – i.e. about what tasks are possible or impossible on them.  The logic of the construction is that one first defines a class of substrates as those on which certain tasks are possible/impossible. In the constructor theory of information these capture the properties of a physical system that would make it capable of instantiating what has been informally referred to as ‘information’. Then, one expresses principles about them. First, a computation medium with computation variable V …"


Also the following reference discusses how the Constructor Theory of Information addresses the Anthropic Principle:

Chiara Marletto (14 January 2015), "The Constructor Theory of Life", Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Volume 12, Issue 104, http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1226 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1226)

http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/12/104/20141226 (http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/12/104/20141226)


Abstract: "Neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory explains how the appearance of purposive design in the adaptations of living organisms can have come about without their intentionally being designed. The explanation relies crucially on the possibility of certain physical processes: mainly, gene replication and natural selection. In this paper, I show that for those processes to be possible without the design of biological adaptations being encoded in the laws of physics, those laws must have certain other properties. The theory of what these properties are is not part of evolution theory proper, yet without it the neo-Darwinian theory does not fully achieve its purpose of explaining the appearance of design. To this end, I apply constructor theory's new mode of explanation to express exactly within physics the appearance of design, no-design laws, and the logic of self-reproduction and natural selection. I conclude that self-reproduction, replication and natural selection are possible under no-design laws, the only non-trivial condition being that they allow digital information to be physically instantiated. This has an exact characterization in the constructor theory of information. I also show that under no-design laws an accurate replicator requires the existence of a ‘vehicle’ constituting, together with the replicator, a self-reproducer."

Extract: "Constructor theory is a new fundamental theory of physics. First, it provides a paradigm where the other laws of physics are expressed solely as statements about which transformations are possible, which are impossible and why. Guesses at those laws—e.g. general relativity and quantum mechanics—it calls subsidiary theories. In addition, it also proposes new laws, principles, constraining the subsidiary theories.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 24, 2016, 03:04:07 AM
The linked article about dark energy indicates that quintessence (which is predicted by the Holographic Universe) is a space-filling fluid (as predicted by Shape Dynamics).  So if dark energy is found to be related to quintessence instead of the cosmological constant, this would help support the position that the universe is based on information (as predicted by HIOTTOE):

Stephen Battersby (29 September 2016), “Dark energy: Staring into darkness”, Nature, 537, S201–S204, doi:10.1038/537S201a


http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v537/n7622_supp/full/537S201a.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v537/n7622_supp/full/537S201a.html)

Extract: “So, although the cosmological constant remains the front-runner, theorists have been busy devising alternative forms of dark energy. Some have created new theories of gravity, similar to general relativity, but generating repulsion on very large scales. Others posit some kind of space-filling fluid, sometimes called quintessence, which acts a little like the cosmological constant, but slowly changes in density. Whatever the answer, dark energy is key to opening a window on “a completely unexplored region of fundamental physics,” says Mark Trodden, a theoretical cosmologist and director of the Penn Center for Particle Cosmology in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Finding the answer would not only change the view of nature, but also foretell the fate of the Universe.



Physicists are fond of weirdness, so most will probably be hoping for the other outcome: that most of the substance of our Universe is an evolving thing that is even stranger than vacuum energy. If the source of acceleration is found to be either a new energy field or a modification of gravity, the consequences will be profound. “It could cause us to rethink how gravity and particle physics interact,” says Trodden. Finding a particle-based description of gravity has obsessed theoretical physicists since Einstein. To finally manage it, we may have to abandon his cosmological constant for the second time.”


See also:
Stephen Battersby, (October 5, 2016), “Blinded by the Dark (Energy)”, SciAm.


https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blinded-by-the-dark-energy/ (https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blinded-by-the-dark-energy/)


&

http://www.nature.com/nature/outlook/dark-universe/index.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/outlook/dark-universe/index.html)


Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 24, 2016, 03:34:44 PM
I note that the QBism approach addresses uncertainty from the bottom-up; while the Constructor Theory of Information, addresses uncertainty from the top-down; and the following reference by Li et al (2016) addresses the joint probability distribution associated with uncertainty.  Looking at uncertainty from different points of view, helps to better understand issues like: entropy and quintessence and holographic information and their relationships (among others, see Replies # 107, 115, 138, 141, 142, 148, 157, 158, 159 & 160).

Li, et. al. (October 24 2016), "Optimal Universal Uncertainty", Scientific Reports 6, Article no. 35735, doi: 10.1038/srep35735.


http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35735 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep35735)

Abstract: "We study universal uncertainty relations and present a method called joint probability distribution diagram to improve the majorization bounds constructed independently in {Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 230401 (2013)] and [J. Phys. A. 46, 272002 (2013)].  The results give rise to state independent uncertainty relations satisfied by any nonnegative Schur-concave functions.  On the other hand, a remarkable recent result of entropic uncertainty relation is the direct-sum majorization relation.  In this paper, we illustrate our bounds by showing how they provide a complement to that in [Phys. Rev. A. 89, 052115 (2014)]."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 25, 2016, 03:49:34 PM
I have previously indicated that in HIOTTOE black holes can be used a computers and information storage devices due to their condensate behavior.  The following linked references provide supporting information on this position.

Dvali et. al. 2015 indicates that every black hole is a quantum computer. And not just any quantum computer, but a quantum computer made of a Bose-Einstein condensate that self-tunes to the quantum critical point.

Dvali et al 2015 discuss shared properties between black holes and condensates, including the relation between entropy and mass (BH entropy), the decrease in entropy during evaporation (Page time), and the ability to scramble information quickly (scrambling time), and they found that certain condensates do exactly this.

They conjecture that black holes themselves are condensates – condensates of gravitons, whose quantum criticality allows the fast scrambling. The gravitons equip black holes with quantum hair on horizon scale, and hence provide a solution to the black hole information loss problem by first storing information and then slowly leaking it out.

Bose-Einstein condensates on the other hand contain long-range quantum effects that make them good candidates for quantum computers. The individual q-bits that have been proposed for use in these condensates are normally correlated atoms trapped in optical lattices.   

Dvali et al 2016 discuss limitations of using black holes as computers based on condensate behavior:
Gia Dvali, Cesar Gomez, Dieter Lüst (7 Sep 2015), “Classical Limit of Black Hole Quantum N-Portrait and BMS Symmetry”, arXiv:1509.02114v1

https://arxiv.org/abs/1509.02114 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1509.02114)


Abstract: “Black hole entropy, denoted by N, in (semi)classical limit is infinite. This scaling reveals a very important information about the qubit degrees of freedom that carry black hole entropy. Namely, the multiplicity of qubits scales as N, whereas their energy gap and their coupling as 1/N. Such a behavior is indeed exhibited by Bogoliubov-Goldstone degrees of freedom of a quantum-critical state of N soft gravitons (a condensate or a coherent state) describing the black hole quantum portrait. They can be viewed as the Goldstone modes of a broken symmetry acting on the graviton condensate. In this picture Minkowski space naturally emerges as a coherent state of infinite-N gravitons of infinite wavelength and it carries an infinite entropy. In this paper we ask what is the geometric meaning (if any) of the classical limit of this symmetry. We argue that the infinite-N limit of Bogoliubov-Goldstone modes of critical graviton condensate is described by recently-discussed classical BMS super-translations broken by the black hole geometry. However, the full black hole information can only be recovered for finite N, since the recovery time becomes infinite in classical limit in which N is infinite.”
See also:

Gia Dvali, Cesar Gomez, Dieter Lust, Yasser Omar, Benedikt Richter (4 May 2016), “Universality of Black Hole Quantum Computing”, arXiv:1605.01407v1


https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.01407 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1605.01407)


Abstract: “By analyzing the key properties of black holes from the point of view of quantum information, we derive a model-independent picture of black hole quantum computing. It has been noticed that this picture exhibits striking similarities with quantum critical condensates, allowing the use of a common language to describe quantum computing in both systems. We analyze such quantum computing by allowing coupling to external modes, under the condition that the external influence must be soft-enough in order not to offset the basic properties of the system. We derive model-independent bounds on some crucial time-scales, such as the times of gate operation, decoherence, maximal entanglement and total scrambling. We show that for black hole type quantum computers all these time-scales are of the order of the black hole half-life time. Furthermore, we construct explicitly a set of Hamiltonians that generates a universal set of gates for the black hole type computer. We find that the gates work at maximal energy efficiency. Furthermore, we establish a fundamental bound on the complexity of quantum circuits encoded on these systems, and characterize the unitary operations that are implementable. It becomes apparent that the computational power is very limited due to the fact that the black hole life-time is of the same order of the gate operation time. As a consequence, it is impossible to retrieve its information, within the life-time of a black hole, by externally coupling to the black hole qubits. However, we show that, in principle, coupling to some of the internal degrees of freedom allows acquiring knowledge about the micro-state. Still, due to the trivial complexity of operations that can be performed, there is no time advantage over the collection of Hawking radiation and subsequent decoding.”


See also:
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/black-hole-computers-2007-04/ (https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/black-hole-computers-2007-04/)

&

https://aeon.co/essays/is-the-black-hole-at-our-galaxy-s-centre-a-quantum-computer (https://aeon.co/essays/is-the-black-hole-at-our-galaxy-s-centre-a-quantum-computer)


&


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limits_to_computation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limits_to_computation)

Extract: “It may be possible to use a black hole as a data storage and/or computing device, if a practical mechanism for extraction of contained information can be found. Such extraction may in principle be possible (Stephen Hawking's proposed resolution to the black hole information paradox). This would achieve storage density exactly equal to the Bekenstein Bound. Professor Seth Lloyd calculated the computational abilities of an "ultimate laptop" formed by compressing a kilogram of matter into a black hole of radius 1.485 × 10−27 meters, concluding that it would only last about 10−19 seconds before evaporating due to Hawking radiation, but that during this brief time it could compute at a rate of about 5 × 1050 operations per second, ultimately performing about 1032 operations on 1016 bits (~1 PB). Lloyd notes that "Interestingly, although this hypothetical computation is performed at ultra-high densities and speeds, the total number of bits available to be processed is not far from the number available to current computers operating in more familiar surroundings."”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 27, 2016, 04:52:08 AM
As HIOTTOE is short for Holographic Cybernetic Organizational (or Holoborg) Interpretation of the Theory of Everything, I provide the following link about Holographic data storage technology and I emphasize that "... holographic data records information throughout the volume of the medium", as is also the case in the free-will information network:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_data_storage

Extract: "Holographic data storage is a potential technology in the area of high-capacity data storage currently dominated by magnetic data storage and conventional optical data storage. Magnetic and optical data storage devices rely on individual bits being stored as distinct magnetic or optical changes on the surface of the recording medium. Holographic data storage records information throughout the volume of the medium and is capable of recording multiple images in the same area utilizing light at different angles.

Additionally, whereas magnetic and optical data storage records information a bit at a time in a linear fashion, holographic storage is capable of recording and reading millions of bits in parallel, enabling data transfer rates greater than those attained by traditional optical storage."

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybernetics

Extract: "Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems, their structures, constraints, and possibilities. In the 21st century, the term is often used in a rather loose way to imply "control of any system using technology."

Cybernetics is relevant to the study of systems, such as mechanical, physical, biological, cognitive, and social systems."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 28, 2016, 08:53:07 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Relax, the expansion of the universe is still accelerating", and it reconfirms that the universe's expansion is still accelerating (as predicted by the Standard Model, the Holographic Universe, and HIOTTOE), however it does leave room for a new theory of gravity like Shape Dynamics:

http://phys.org/news/2016-10-expansion-universe.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-10-expansion-universe.html)

Extract: "There's been a whirlwind of commentary of late speculating that the acceleration of the expanding universe might not be real after all.

It follows the publication this month of a new look at supernovae in our universe, which the researchers say give only a "marginal detection" of the acceleration of the universe.

This seems to be a big deal, because the 2011 Nobel Prize was awarded to the leaders of two teams that used supernovae to discover that the expansion of the universe is speeding up.
But never have I seen such a storm in a teacup. The new analysis, published in Scientific Reports, barely changes the original result, but puts a different (and in my opinion misleading) spin on it.

So why does this new paper claim that the detection of acceleration is "marginal?"
Well, it is marginal if you only use a single data set. After all, most big discoveries are initially marginal. If they were more obvious, they would have been discovered sooner.

The supernova data show something genuinely weird is going on. The solution might be acceleration, or a new theory of gravity. Whatever it is, we will continue to search for it."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 29, 2016, 06:19:48 PM
The linked reference & associate article are classical examples of how frequently modern scientists get the science right but the interpretation entirely wrong (as 90% of modern climate scientists are getting the interpretation of they climate models wrong so that they can error on the side of least drama, thus making their own lives more comfortable).

In this thread I have gone to some lengths to demonstrate that most likely we live in an evolving holographic universe; which entails natural selection including the competitive exclusion sighted in the Dominy & Yeakel research.  To applaud Dr. Frankenstein for interfering with competitive exclusion is the same thing as denialism (including climate change denialism); as it inhibits mankind's chances of improving itself via evolution to become something that has a chance to survive the coming horrors of disruptive climate change.

Nathaniel J. Dominy and Justin D. Yeakel (2016), “Frankenstein and the Horrors of Competitive Exclusion”, BioScience, doi: 10.1093/biosci/biw133

http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/10/19/biosci.biw133 (http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/10/19/biosci.biw133)

Extract: “The bicentennial celebration of the inception of Frankenstein invites the present view of Victor Frankenstein and his fateful decision to destroy an unfinished female creature. The act itself was impulsive (caused by a “sensation of madness”), but it was preceded by agonized reasoning that would be familiar to any student of ecology or evolutionary biology. Here, we present a formal treatment of Frankenstein's reasoning and show that his rationale for denying a mate to his male creation has empirical justification. Our results suggest that the decision was prudent because it averted our own extinction by competitive exclusion. We ­conclude by suggesting that the central ­horror of Mary Shelley's novel lies in its ­prescient command of foundational concepts in ecology and evolution. “

See also the linked article entitled: “How Frankenstein saved humankind from probable extinction”

http://phys.org/news/2016-10-frankenstein-humankind-probable-extinction.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-10-frankenstein-humankind-probable-extinction.html)


Extract: “"The principle of competitive exclusion was not formally defined until the 1930s," said Nathaniel J. Dominy, a professor of anthropology and biological sciences at Dartmouth. "Given Shelley's early command of this foundational concept, we used computational tools developed by ecologists to explore if, and how quickly, an expanding population of creatures would drive humans to extinction."

The authors developed a mathematical model based on human population densities in 1816, finding that the competitive advantages of creatures varied under different circumstances. The worst-case scenario for humans was a growing population of creatures in South America, as it was a region with fewer humans and therefore less competition for resources. "We calculated that a founding population of two creatures could drive us to extinction in as little as 4,000 years," said Dominy. Although the study is merely a thought experiment, it casts new light on the underlying horror of the novel: our own extinction. It also has real-word implications for how we understand the biology of invasive species.

"To date, most scholars have focused on Mary Shelley's knowledge of then-prevailing views on alchemy, physiology and resurrection; however, the genius of Mary Shelley lies in how she combined and repackaged existing scientific debates to invent the genre of science fiction," said Justin D. Yeakel, an Omidyar fellow at the Santa Fe Institute and an assistant professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the University of California, Merced. "Our study adds to Mary Shelley's legacy, by showing that her science fiction accurately anticipated fundamental concepts in ecology and evolution by many decades."”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 30, 2016, 02:36:23 AM
As I have previously mentioned (See Replies #110, #117, #119, and others), the perception of time is related to different factors such as: changes in entropy; symmetry breaking, observation/measures, etc. (see the attached image).  Therefore, one would expect time to be perceived to behave differently at extremely low temperatures (with very little changes in entropy), as has been reported in the following linked reference by Zhang et al (2016):

Zhang et. al. (2016), "Observation of a Discrete Time Crystal", arXiv:1609.08684v1

https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.08684 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1609.08684)

Zhang et. al (2016)'s observation of a discrete time crystal implies that due to Heisenberg's Generalized Uncertainty Principle the systems of quantum mechanics require adjustments as indicated by the first linked reference by Faizal et. al. (2016):



Mir Faizal, Mohammed M. Khalil, Saurya Das (Submitted on 29 Dec 2014 (v1), last revised 20 Jan 2016 (this version, v2)), “Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty”,  arXiv:1501.03111v2

https://arxiv.org/abs/1501.0311 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1501.0311)

Abstract: “Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal. As an application of our formalism, we analyze the effect of such a deformation on the rate of spontaneous emission in a hydrogen atom.”


 Separately, the delayed choice experiment discussed in the following linked reference illustrates how what happens in the present can change what happens(ed) in the past. It also shows how time can go backwards, how cause and effect can be reverted, and how the future caused the past.

A. G. Manning, R. I. Khakimov, R. G. Dall & A. G. Truscott (2015), “Wheeler's delayed-choice gedanken experiment with a single atom”,  Nature Physics, Volume: 11, Pages: 539–542, doi:10.1038/nphys3343



http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v11/n7/full/nphys3 (http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v11/n7/full/nphys3)

 
Abstract: “The wave–particle dual nature of light and matter and the fact that the choice of measurement determines which one of these two seemingly incompatible behaviours we observe are examples of the counterintuitive features of quantum mechanics. They are illustrated by Wheeler’s famous ‘delayed-choice’ experiment, recently demonstrated in a single-photon experiment. Here, we use a single ultracold metastable helium atom in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer to create an atomic analogue of Wheeler’s original proposal. Our experiment confirms Bohr’s view that it does not make sense to ascribe the wave or particle behaviour to a massive particle before the measurement takes place. This result is encouraging for current work towards entanglement and Bell’s theorem tests in macroscopic systems of massive particles.”

These findings are in keeping with HIOTTOE.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 30, 2016, 08:02:36 PM
In Reply #111 I stated: "The preceding information indicates that quantum theory can be treated as a subset of string theory & quantum gravity, and I posit that string theory & quantum gravity can be treated as a subset of the HIOTTOE.  Consequently, propose that the Hilbert Space used in quantum mechanics can be used as an approximation of the Nibbanic Plane in order to relate entanglement (the vectors) with information networks to produce calculations of: space, fields, particles/waves and time.  Indeed, if this is the case then the following linked reference: "Space from Hilbert Space: Recovering Geometry from Bulk Entanglement"; does all of the calculations for me, by calculating the entropy associated with information networks in Hilbert Space …"
ChunJun Cao, Sean M. Carroll, Spyridon Michalakis (5 Jul 2016), "Space from Hilbert Space: Recovering Geometry from Bulk Entanglement", arXiv:1606.08444v2; and I point-out

To follow-up on this line of thinking I provide the following linked article by one of the co-authors Sean Carroll (July 18, 2016), "Space Emerging from Quantum Mechanics"; which states that:
"Perhaps the most interesting and provocative feature of what we’ve done is that we start from an assumption that the degrees of freedom corresponding to any particular region of space are described by a finite-dimensional Hilbert space." 

As the free-will information network is a finite information system, Cao et. al. (2016)'s work allows HIOTTOE to do away with the Standard Model's quantum field theory with its use of infinities.  Furthermore, Carroll (July 18 2016) states: "… geometry emerging from quantum information, obeying a version of Einstein’s equation in the classical limit …"; which might mean that the evolved Holographic Information Universe may someday be proven to obey Shape Dynamics, which can be considered a version of Einstein's theories in the classical limit.

http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2016/07/18/space-emerging-from-quantum-mechanics/ (http://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2016/07/18/space-emerging-from-quantum-mechanics/)

Extract: "Like almost any physics paper, we’re building on ideas that have come before. The idea that spacetime geometry is related to entanglement has become increasingly popular, although it’s mostly been explored in the holographic context of the AdS/CFT correspondence; here we’re working directly in the “bulk” region of space, not appealing to a faraway boundary. A related notion is the ER=EPR conjecture of Maldacena and Susskind, relating entanglement to wormholes. In some sense, we’re making this proposal a bit more specific, by giving a formula for distance as a function of entanglement. The relationship of geometry to energy comes from something called the Entanglement First Law, articulated by Faulkner et al., and used by Ted Jacobson in a version of entropic gravity. But as far as we know we’re the first to start directly from Hilbert space, rather than assuming classical variables, a boundary, or a background spacetime. (There’s an enormous amount of work that has been done in closely related areas, obviously, so I’d love to hear about anything in particular that we should know about.)

Perhaps the most interesting and provocative feature of what we’ve done is that we start from an assumption that the degrees of freedom corresponding to any particular region of space are described by a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. In some sense this is natural, as it follows from the Bekenstein bound (on the total entropy that can fit in a region) or the holographic principle (which limits degrees of freedom by the area of the boundary of their region). But on the other hand, it’s completely contrary to what we’re used to thinking about from quantum field theory, which generally assumes that the number of degrees of freedom in any region of space is infinitely big, corresponding to an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space. (By itself that’s not so worrisome; a single simple harmonic oscillator is described by an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space, just because its energy can be arbitrarily large.) People like Jacobson and Seth Lloyd have argued, on pretty general grounds, that any theory with gravity will locally be described by finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces.

That’s a big deal, if true, and I don’t think we physicists have really absorbed the consequences of the idea as yet. Field theory is embedded in how we think about the world; all of the notorious infinities of particle physics that we work so hard to renormalize away owe their existence to the fact that there are an infinite number of degrees of freedom. A finite-dimensional Hilbert space describes a very different world indeed. In many ways, it’s a much simpler world — one that should be easier to understand. We shall see.

Part of me thinks that a picture along these lines — geometry emerging from quantum information, obeying a version of Einstein’s equation in the classical limit — pretty much has to be true, if you believe (1) regions of space have a finite number of degrees of freedom, and (2) the world is described by a wave function in Hilbert space. Those are fairly reasonable postulates, all by themselves, but of course there could be any number of twists and turns to get where we want to go, if indeed it’s possible. Personally I think the prospects are exciting, and I’m eager to see where these ideas lead us."

Also, in Reply #86 I included the following quote: "Juan Maldacena and Leonard Susskind have suggested in ER=EPR that the outgoing and infalling particles are somehow connected by wormholes, and therefore are not independent systems; however, as of 2013, this hypothesis is still a "work in progress"."  In this regards, the following linked reference Bryan et. al. (2016) provides support that ER=EPR is still a viable solution to the black hole "fire wall" problem.

K.L.H. Bryan, A.J.M. Medved (24 March 2016), Black holes and information: A new take on an old paradox", arXiv:1603.07569v1

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1603.07569.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1603.07569.pdf)

Abstract:  "Interest in the black hole information paradox has recently been catalyzed by the newer "firewall" argument. The crux of the updated argument is that previous solutions which relied on observer complementarity are in violation of the quantum condition of monogamy of entanglement; with the prescribed remedy being to discard the equivalence principle in favor of an energy barrier (or firewall) at the black hole horizon. Differing points of view have been put forward, including the "ER=EPR" counterargument and the final-state solution, both of which can be viewed as potential resolutions to the apparent conflict between quantum monogamy and Einstein equivalence. After reviewing these recent developments, this paper argues that the ER=EPR and final-state solutions can - thanks to observer complementarity - be seen as the same resolution of the paradox but from two different perspectives: inside and outside the black hole."


As many readers may have lost track of the ER=EPR conjecture, I provide the linked Wikipedia article discusses the ER=EPR conjecture by Leonard Susskind and Juan Maldacena:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ER%3DEPR (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ER%3DEPR)

Extract: "They backed up their conjecture by showing that the pair production of charged black holes in a background magnetic field leads to entangled black holes, but also, after Wick rotation, to a wormhole.

Susskind and Maldacena envisioned gathering up all the Hawking particles and smushing them together until they collapse into a black hole. That black hole would be entangled, and thus connected via wormhole, with the original black hole. That trick transformed a confusing mess of Hawking particles — paradoxically entangled with both a black hole and each other — into two black holes connected by a wormhole. Entanglement overload is averted, and the firewall problem goes away.

— Science News, https://www.sciencenews.org/article/entanglement-gravitys-long-distance-connection (https://www.sciencenews.org/article/entanglement-gravitys-long-distance-connection)

This conjecture sits uncomfortably with the linearity of quantum mechanics. An entangled state is a linear superposition of separable states. Presumably, separable states are not connected by any wormholes, but yet a superposition of such states is connected by a wormhole.
The authors pushed this conjecture even further by claiming any entangled pair of particles — even particles not ordinarily considered to be black holes, and pairs of particles with different masses or spin, or with charges which aren't opposite — are connected by Planck scale wormholes. A similar idea was actually first proposed by Friedwardt Winterberg without a violation of quantum mechanical linear superposition of separable states as in the conjecture by Maldacena and Susskind.

The conjecture leads to a grander conjecture that the geometry of space, time and gravity is determined by entanglement."

I conclude that as the ER=EPR conjecture creates all of space, time and gravity as entanglement of information in a Holographic Universe, then when this work is developed sufficiently to time into Shape Dynamics (possibly via either the Constructor Theory and/or QBism) that the HIOTTOE could demonstrate that black holes are related to arahantship.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on October 30, 2016, 11:29:42 PM
In an evolved Holographic Information Universe the laws of physics (or laws of dhamma in HIOTTOE ) evolve with "time".  In my last post I noted that the Constructor Theory, QBism, Shape Dynamics and other work might serve to help establish & extend the ER=EPR conjecture into a firmer understanding of a Holographic Information Universe.  Furthermore, if the Holographic Information Universe is a subset of HIOTTOE then it is also possible that a clearer understanding of the wisdom conveyed by the Buddha Gotoma might also help to establish a firmer understanding of a Theory of Everything.  In this regards in Reply #117, I noted that per the Pali Canon the present kalpa is called the bhadrakalpa, or Auspicious aeon; which has (or will have depending on how you think about time) five Great (Maha-) Bodhisattas (which are of three types: panna, saddha and viriya) who are: Kakusandha, Koṇāgaman, Kassapa, Gotoma & Metteyya; and who are associated with the parity horizon between our universe and the others in the Nibbanic equivalent of the String Theory Landscape.  Also, in my last post I reiterated that arahantship could be associate with black holes and their event horizon (I note that as content inside of a black hole's event horizon occurs in the future, that the arahants for Metteyya already affect the observable universe).  As arahantship is associated with abhijna/abhinna, I provide the following Wikipedia link on this topic:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abhij%C3%B1%C4%81

Extract: " Abhijñā (Skt., Pali, abhiññā; Tib., mngon shes, མངོན་ཤེས་) has been translated generally as "knowing," "direct knowing" and "direct knowledge" or, at times more technically, as "higher knowledge" and "supernormal knowledge." In Buddhism, such knowing and knowledge is obtained through virtuous living and meditation. In terms of specifically enumerated knowledges, these include worldly extra-sensory abilities (such as seeing past and future lives) as well as the supramundane extinction of all mental intoxicants (āsava).

In Pali literature, abhiññā refers to both the direct apprehension of dhamma (translated below as "states" and "qualities") as well as to specialized super-normal capabilities.
In SN 45.159, the Buddha describes "higher knowledge" (abhiññā) as a corollary to the pursuit of the Noble Eightfold Path:

[A] monk who cultivates the Noble Eightfold Path, who assiduously practices the Noble Eightfold Path, comprehends with higher knowledge those states that are to be so comprehended, abandons with higher knowledge those states that are to be so abandoned, comes to experience with higher knowledge those states that are to be so experienced, and cultivates with higher knowledge those states that are to be so cultivated.

What, monks, are the states to be comprehended with higher knowledge?
They are the five groups of clinging. Which five? The body-group, the feeling-group, the perception-group, the mental-formation group, the consciousness-group...
What, monks, are the states to be abandoned with higher knowledge?
They are ignorance and the desire for [further] becoming. And what, monks, are the states to be experienced with higher knowledge?
They are knowledge and liberation. And what, monk, are the states to be cultivated with higher knowledge?
They are calm and insight.

Such direct knowledge, according to the Buddha, is obscured by desire and passion (chanda-rāga):

Monks, any desire-passion with regard to the eye is a defilement of the mind. Any desire-passion with regard to the ear... the nose... the tongue... the body... the intellect is a defilement of the mind. When, with regard to these six bases, the defilements of awareness are abandoned, then the mind is inclined to renunciation. The mind fostered by renunciation feels malleable for the direct knowing of those qualities worth realizing.

In the Pali Canon, the higher knowledges are often enumerated in a group of six or of three types of knowledge.

The six types of higher knowledges (chalabhiññā) are:
1.   "Higher powers" (iddhi-vidhā), such as walking on water and through walls;
2.   "Divine ear" (dibba-sota), that is, clairaudience;
3.   "Mind-penetrating knowledge" (ceto-pariya-ñāṇa), that is, telepathy;
4.   "Remember one's former abodes" (pubbe-nivāsanussati), that is, recalling one's own past lives;
5.   "Divine eye" (dibba-cakkhu), that is, knowing others' karmic destinations; and,
6.   "Extinction of mental intoxicants" (āsavakkhaya), upon which arahantship follows.

The attainment of these six higher powers is mentioned in a number of discourses, most famously the "Fruits of Contemplative Life Discourse" (Samaññaphala Sutta, DN 2). The first five powers are obtained through meditative concentration (samadhi) while the sixth is obtained through insight (vipassana). The sixth type is the ultimate goal of Buddhism, which is the end of all suffering and destruction of all ignorance. According to the Buddha, indulgence in the abhinjas needs to be avoided, as they can distract from the ultimate goal of Enlightenment.

Similarly, the three knowledges or wisdoms (tevijja or tivijja) are:
1.   "Remember one's former abodes" (pubbe-nivāsanussati);
2.   "Divine eye" (dibba-cakkhu); and,
3.   "Extinction of mental intoxicants" (āsavakkhaya).

The three knowledges are mentioned in numerous discourses including the Maha-Saccaka Sutta (MN 36) in which the Buddha describes obtaining each of these three knowledges on the first, second and third watches respectively of the night of his enlightenment. These forms of knowledge typically are listed as arising after the attainment of the fourth jhana.

While such powers are considered to be indicative of spiritual progress, Buddhism cautions against their indulgence or exhibition since such could divert one from the true path of obtaining suffering's release."

Furthermore, as the Buddhavamsa is the portion of the Pali Canom most associated with Maha- Bodhisattas and their "supernormal knowledge", I provide the following Wikipedia link about this matter:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhavamsa

Extract: "The Buddhavamsa (also known as the Chronicle of Buddhas) is a hagiographical Buddhist text which describes the life of Gautama Buddha and of the twenty-four previous Buddhas who had prophesied his attainment of Buddhahood. It is the fourteenth book of the Khuddaka Nikāya, which in turn is the fifth and last division of the Sutta Piṭaka. The Sutta Piṭaka is one of three pitakas (main sections) which together constitute the Tripiṭaka, or Pāli Canon of Theravāda Buddhism.

Along with the Apadāna and the Cariyāpiṭaka, the Buddhavamsa is considered by most scholars to have been written during the 1st and 2nd century BCE, and is therefore a late addition to the Pāli Canon.

The first chapter tells how Gautama Buddha, to demonstrate his supernormal knowledge, creates a jewelled walkway in the sky. In seeing this display, Sāriputta asks the Buddha:

"Of what kind, great hero, supreme among men, was your resolve? At what time, wise one, was supreme Awakening aspired to by you? ... Of what kind, wise one, leader of the world, were your ten perfections? How were the higher perfections fulfilled, how the ultimate perfections?"
In response, the Buddha relays the remainder of the Buddhavamsa."


See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kakusandha_Buddha
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ko%E1%B9%87%C4%81gamana_Buddha
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kassapa_Buddha
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitreya
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 08, 2016, 08:01:13 PM
The linked reference uses the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory in order to use incompatibility and mutually exclusiveness to tighten the uncertainty relationship bounds:
Yunlong Xiao & Naihuan Jing (Nov 8 2016), "Mutually Exclusive Uncertainty Relations", Scientific Reports 6, Article Number: 36616, doi: 10.1038/srep36616.

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep36616 (http://www.nature.com/articles/srep36616)

For other recent developments in quantum information science see also:
"Co-designing a scalable quantum computer with trapped atomic ions"
http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201634 (http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201634)
&
"Practical challenges in quantum key distribution"
http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201625 (http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201625)
&
"The role of master clock stability in quantum information processing"
http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201633 (http://www.nature.com/articles/npjqi201633)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 13, 2016, 08:32:00 PM
The title of this thread is "Systemic Isolation" as there are currently about 7.5 billion people on Earth and at any moment they all think that they "know the truth", even if in the next moment they "know" a different "truth".  Obviously, all of these different momentary truths are what they are, but clinging to such transient truths (and aversion from other transient truths) as well as ignorance of the greater whole, creates "Systemic Isolation" which results in increased suffering as pointed-out by the Buddha (& Vipassana & HIOTTOE & Information Theory [via entropy]).
With the election of Donald J. Trump, the probability of climate disruption this century has increased dramatically, and thus I plan to refocus this thread to threat that anthropogenic "Systemic Isolation" presents to the global socio-economic systems and to Earth Systems.  Furthermore, to do this, in future posts, I plan to use more metaphors from The Games of Thrones to try to better convey the role of "Systemic Isolation" in causing suffering in the framework of "Man vs Man" and "Man vs Nature".

Unfortunately, many progressives and scientists have been somewhat blinded by "Frequentist" thinking from the "Age of Reason" where in reaction to such events as the "Inquisition" much of modern science (including the IPCC and the scientific consensus on climate change) has adopted a "Scientism" based process on how to address uncertainties.  "Bayesian cognitive science" and "Subjective Bayesian / Science Bayesianism" offer a balance to this "Scientism" bias that has allowed conservatives/Trumpist to claim that their opposing to fighting climate change is an ethical/moral issue:

See:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayesian_cognitive_science
&
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_Bayesianism


I begin my discussion of "Man vs Man" by linking to George Lakoff's article on "Understanding Trump", which uses Bayesian systemic thinking to understand how politics & marketers (like Trump) manipulate the public, and how this can be reframed to better address the impacts of "Systemic Isolation" in complex systems.  To this end Lakoff uses the language of "Direct causation" vs "Systemic causation" so I begin with the first extract below on this topic, followed by a longer extract that helps to explain how Trump manipulated the media & the public to defeat Hillary Clinton:


https://georgelakoff.com/2016/07/23/understanding-trump-2/


Extract1: "Direct causation is dealing with a problem via direct action. Systemic causation recognizes that many problems arise from the system they are in and must be dealt with via systemic causation. Systemic causation has four versions: A chain of direct causes. Interacting direct causes (or chains of direct causes). Feedback loops. And probabilistic causes. Systemic causation in global warming explains why global warming over the Pacific can produce huge snowstorms in Washington DC: masses of highly energized water molecules evaporate over the Pacific, blow to the Northeast and over the North Pole and come down in winter over the East coast and parts of the Midwest as masses of snow. Systemic causation has chains of direct causes, interacting causes, feedback loops, and probabilistic causes — often combined.
Direct causation is easy to understand, and appears to be represented in the grammars of all languages around the world. Systemic causation is more complex and is not represented in the grammar of any language. It just has to be learned."


Extract2: "How do the various policy positions of conservatives and progressives hang together? Take conservatism: What does being against abortion have to do with being for owning guns? What does owning guns have to do with denying the reality of global warming? How does being anti-government fit with wanting a stronger military? How can you be pro-life and for the death penalty? Progressives have the opposite views. How do their views hang together?
The answer came from a realization that we tend to understand the nation metaphorically in family terms: We have founding fathers. We send our sons and daughters to war. We have homeland security. The conservative and progressive worldviews dividing our country can most readily be understood in terms of moral worldviews that are encapsulated in two very different common forms of family life: The Nurturant Parent family (progressive) and the Strict Father family (conservative).
What do social issues and the politics have to do with the family? We are first governed in our families, and so we grow up understanding governing institutions in terms of the governing systems of families.
In the strict father family, father knows best. He knows right from wrong and has the ultimate authority to make sure his children and his spouse do what he says, which is taken to be what is right. Many conservative spouses accept this worldview, uphold the father’s authority, and are strict in those realms of family life that they are in charge of. When his children disobey, it is his moral duty to punish them painfully enough so that, to avoid punishment, they will obey him (do what is right) and not just do what feels good. Through physical discipline they are supposed to become disciplined, internally strong, and able to prosper in the external world. What if they don’t prosper? That means they are not disciplined, and therefore cannot be moral, and so deserve their poverty. This reasoning shows up in conservative politics in which the poor are seen as lazy and undeserving, and the rich as deserving their wealth. Responsibility is thus taken to be personal responsibility not social responsibility. What you become is only up to you; society has nothing to do with it. You are responsible for yourself, not for others — who are responsible for themselves.
As the legendary Green Bay Packers coach, Vince Lombardi, said,
“Winning isn’t everything. It’s the only thing.” In a world governed by personal responsibility and discipline, those who win deserve to win. Why does Donald Trump publicly insult other candidates and political leaders mercilessly? Quite simply, because he knows he can win an onstage TV insult game. In strict conservative eyes, that makes him a formidable winning candidate who deserves to be a winning candidate. Electoral competition is seen as a battle. Insults that stick are seen as victories — deserved victories.

The Moral Hierarchy
The strict father logic extends further. The basic idea is that authority is justified by morality (the strict father version), and that, in a well-ordered world, there should be (and traditionally has been) a moral hierarchy in which those who have traditionally dominated should dominate. The hierarchy is: God above Man, Man above Nature, The Disciplined (Strong) above the Undisciplined (Weak), The Rich above the Poor, Employers above Employees, Adults above Children, Western culture above other cultures, America above other countries. The hierarchy extends to: Men above women, Whites above Nonwhites, Christians above nonChristians, Straights above Gays.
We see these tendencies in most of the Republican presidential candidates, as well as in Trump, and on the whole, conservative policies flow from the strict father worldview and this hierarchy
Family-based moral worldviews run deep. Since people want to see themselves as doing right not wrong, moral worldviews tend to be part of self-definition — who you most deeply are. And thus your moral worldview defines for you what the world should be like. When it isn’t that way, one can become frustrated and angry.
There is a certain amount of wiggle room in the strict father worldview and there are important variations. A major split is among (1) white Evangelical Christians, (2) laissez-fair free market conservatives, and (3) pragmatic conservatives who are not bound by evangelical beliefs.
White Evangelicals
Those whites who have a strict father personal worldview and who are religious tend toward Evangelical Christianity, since God, in Evangelical Christianity, is the Ultimate Strict Father: You follow His commandments and you go to heaven; you defy His commandments and you burn in hell for all eternity. If you are a sinner and want to go to heaven, you can be ‘born again” by declaring your fealty by choosing His son, Jesus Christ, as your personal Savior.

Pragmatic Conservatives
Pragmatic conservatives, on the other hand, may not have a religious orientation at all. Instead, they may care primarily about their own personal authority, not the authority of the church or Christ, or God. They want to be strict fathers in their own domains, with authority primarily over their own lives. Thus, a young, unmarried conservative — male or female —may want to have sex without worrying about marriage. They may need access to contraception, advice about sexually transmitted diseases, information about cervical cancer, and so on. And if a girl or woman becomes pregnant and there is no possibility or desire for marriage, abortion may be necessary.
Trump is a pragmatic conservative, par excellence. And he knows that there are a lot of Republican voters who are like him in their pragmatism.

Laissez-faire Free Marketeers
Establishment conservative policies have not only been shaped by the political power of white evangelical churches, but also by the political power of those who seek maximally laissez-faire free markets, where wealthy people and corporations set market rules in their favor with minimal government regulation and enforcement. They see taxation not as investment in publicly provided resources for all citizens, but as government taking their earnings (their private property) and giving the money through government programs to those who don’t deserve it. This is the source of establishment Republicans’ anti-tax and shrinking government views. This version of conservatism is quite happy with outsourcing to increase profits by sending manufacturing and many services abroad where labor is cheap, with the consequence that well-paying jobs leave America and wages are driven down here. Since they depend on cheap imports, they would not be in favor of imposing high tariffs.
But Donald Trump is not in a business that makes products abroad to import here and mark up at a profit. As a developer, he builds hotels, casinos, office buildings, golf courses.

Direct vs. Systemic Causation
Direct causation is dealing with a problem via direct action. Systemic causation recognizes that many problems arise from the system they are in and must be dealt with via systemic causation. Systemic causation has four versions: A chain of direct causes. Interacting direct causes (or chains of direct causes). Feedback loops. And probabilistic causes. Systemic causation in global warming explains why global warming over the Pacific can produce huge snowstorms in Washington DC: masses of highly energized water molecules evaporate over the Pacific, blow to the Northeast and over the North Pole and come down in winter over the East coast and parts of the Midwest as masses of snow. Systemic causation has chains of direct causes, interacting causes, feedback loops, and probabilistic causes — often combined.
Direct causation is easy to understand, and appears to be represented in the grammars of all languages around the world. Systemic causation is more complex and is not represented in the grammar of any language. It just has to be learned.
Empirical research has shown that conservatives tend to reason with direct causation and that progressives have a much easier time reasoning with systemic causation. The reason is thought to be that, in the strict father model, the father expects the child or spouse to respond directly to an order and that refusal should be punished as swiftly and directly as possible.
Many of Trump’s policy proposals are framed in terms of direct causation.

Political Correctness
There are at least tens of millions of conservatives in America who share strict father morality and its moral hierarchy. Many of them are poor or middle class and many are white men who see themselves as superior to immigrants, nonwhites, women, nonChristians, gays — and people who rely on public assistance. In other words, they are what liberals would call “bigots.” For many years, such bigotry has not been publicly acceptable, especially as more immigrants have arrived, as the country has become less white, as more women have become educated and moved into the workplace, and as gays have become more visible and gay marriage acceptable.

Biconceptuals
There is no middle in American politics. There are moderates, but there is no ideology of the moderate, no single ideology that all moderates agree on. A moderate conservative has some progressive positions on issues, though they vary from person to person. Similarly, a moderate progressive has some conservative positions on issues, again varying from person to person. In short, moderates have both political moral worldviews, but mostly use one of them. Those two moral worldviews in general contradict each other. How can they reside in the same brain at the same time?
Both are characterized in the brain by neural circuitry. They are linked by a commonplace circuit: mutual inhibition. When one is turned on the other is turned off; when one is strengthened, the other is weakened. What turns them on or off? Language that fits that worldview activates that worldview, strengthening it, while turning off the other worldview and weakening it. The more Trump’s views are discussed in the media, the more they are activated and the stronger they get, both in the minds of hardcore conservatives and in the minds of moderate progressives.
This is true even if you are attacking Trump’s views.

Why His Lack of Policy Detail Doesn’t Matter
I recently heard a brilliant and articulate Clinton surrogate argue against a group of Trump supporters that Trump has presented no policy plans for increasing jobs, increasing economics growth, improving education, gaining international respect, etc. This is the basic Clinton campaign argument. Hillary has the experience, the policy know-how, she can get things done, it’s all on her website. Trump has none of this. What Hillary’s campaign says is true. And it is irrelevant.
Trump supporters and other radical Republican extremists could not care less, and for a good reason. Their job is to impose their view of strict father morality in all areas of life. If they have the Congress, and the Presidency and the Supreme Court, they could achieve this. They don’t need to name policies, because the Republicans already have hundreds of policies ready to go. They just need to be in complete power.
How Trump Uses Your Brain to His Advantage
Any unscrupulous, effective salesman knows how to use you brain against you, to get you to buy what he is selling. How can someone “use your brain against you?” What does it mean?
All thought uses neural circuitry. Every idea is constituted by neural circuitry. But we have no conscious access to that circuitry. As a result, most of thought — an estimated 98 percent of thought is unconscious. Conscious thought is the tip of the iceberg.

The mechanisms are:
1. Repetition.

2. Framing: Crooked Hillary.

3. Well-known examples: When a well-publicized disaster happens, the coverage activates the framing of it over and over, strengthening it, and increasing the probability that the framing will occur easily with high probability.

4. Grammar: Radical Islamic terrorists:

5. Conventional metaphorical thought is inherent in our largely unconscious thought. Such normal modes of metaphorical thinking are not noticed as such.
Consider Brexit, which used the metaphor of “entering” and “leaving” the EU.


Is the use of the public’s brain mechanisms for communication necessarily immoral? Understanding how people really think can be used to communicate truths, not Big Lies or ads for products.
This knowledge is not just known to cognitive linguists. It is taught in Marketing courses in business schools, and the mechanisms are used in advertising, to get you to buy what advertisers are selling.

How Can Democrats Do Better?
First, don’t think of an elephant. Remember not to repeat false conservative claims and then rebut them with the facts. Instead, go positive. Give a positive truthful framing to undermine claims to the contrary. Use the facts to support positively-framed truth. Use repetition.
Second, start with values, not policies and facts and numbers. Say what you believe, but haven’t been saying. For example, progressive thought is built on empathy, on citizens caring about other citizens and working through our government to provide public resources for all, both businesses and individuals. Use history. That’s how America started. The public resources used by businesses were not only roads and bridges, but public education, a national bank, a patent office, courts for business cases, interstate commerce support, and of course the criminal justice system. From the beginning, the Private Depended on Public Resources, both private lives and private enterprise.

Private enterprise and private life utterly depend on public resources. Have you ever said this? Elizabeth Warren has. Almost no other public figures. And stop defending “the government.” Talk about the public, the people, Americans, the American people, public servants, and good government. And take back freedom. Public resources provide for freedom in private enterprise and private life.
The conservatives are committed to privatizing just about everything and to eliminating funding for most public resources. The contribution of public resources to our freedoms cannot be overstated. Start saying it.
And don’t forget the police. Effective respectful policing is a public resource.

Third, keep out of nasty exchanges and attacks. Keep out of shouting matches. One can speak powerfully without shouting.

Values come first, facts and policies follow in the service of values. They matter, but they always support values.
Give up identity politics. No more women’s issues, black issues, Latino issues. Their issues are all real, and need public discussion. But they all fall under freedom issues, human issues. And address poor whites!  Appalachian and rust belt whites deserve your attention as much as anyone else. Don’t surrender their fate to Trump, who will just increase their suffering.
And remember JFK’s immortal, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.” Empathy, devotion, love, pride in our country’s values, public resources to create freedoms. And adulthood.
Be prepared. You have to understand Trump to stand calmly up to him and those running with him all over the country."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 13, 2016, 09:00:32 PM
In my last post I linked to an article where George Lakoff provided a conceptual framework to explain how Trump manipulated people for example by playing on their concerns at their level of the family by raising fears about "others"; which conservatives addressed directly by offer guns as the solution to those fears.  Progressives need to reframe such conservative reasoning by identifying the whole country (and/or world) as an extension of one's family, rather than by creating "others".

In my last post I also said that I would use metaphors from the Game of Thrones and if we take Donald J. Trump as the Game of Thrones' Night's King (see the first & second images), then per the linked Mother Jones article about Trump's Cabinet, it looks like Newt Gingrich may be the "Hand of the King".

The linked article is entitled: "Trump's Cabinet Is Going to Be as Bonkers as You Thought – Buckle Up"

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/10/what-donald-trumps-cabinet-might-look-like (http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/10/what-donald-trumps-cabinet-might-look-like)

Extract: "After Mike Pence was picked for the veep spot, Gingrich commented, "I said I want to be the senior planner for the entire federal government, and I want a letter from you that says Newt Gingrich is authorized to go to any program in any department, examine it, and report directly to the president." In other words, he wants to be—in Game of Thrones parlance—the Hand of the King. Maybe that's because Gingrich, with his decades of outlandish remarks, controversies, and scandals, might not want to go through what could be a bruising confirmation process.

While Trump's likely cabinet picks confirm George Martin's "man vs man" theme, Martin's themes of "fire & ice"  and  "man vs nature" can be illustrated by the concept that global warming (represented by fire dragons) may lead to misfired geoengineering and/or a nuclear winter that could create an "ice dragon" (see the third image) that could plunge a collapsed socio-economic world order into another ice age.  The fourth image shows how Hansen's ice-climate feedback mechanism could result in a collapse of the thermohaline oceanic circulation system once GMSTA is between 2.5 & 2.7C due to a collapse of the WAIS; which could reduce GMSTA just at the time when panicking world governments implement geoengineering (& start wars) in response to global warming, thus driving the world into another ice age.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: SteveMDFP on November 13, 2016, 11:21:14 PM
The title of this thread is "Systemic Isolation" as there are currently about 7.5 billion people on Earth and at any moment they all think that they "know the truth", even if in the next moment they "know" a different "truth".   
...
In the strict father family, father knows best. He knows right from wrong and has the ultimate authority to make sure his children and his spouse do what he says, which is taken to be what is right. Many conservative spouses accept this worldview, uphold the father’s authority, and are strict in those realms of family life that they are in charge of.
. . .
Responsibility is thus taken to be personal responsibility not social responsibility. What you become is only up to you; society has nothing to do with it. You are responsible for yourself, not for others — who are responsible for themselves.

The Moral Hierarchy
The strict father logic extends further. The basic idea is that authority is justified by morality (the strict father version), and that, in a well-ordered world, there should be (and traditionally has been) a moral hierarchy in which those who have traditionally dominated should dominate. The hierarchy is: God above Man, Man above Nature, The Disciplined (Strong) above the Undisciplined (Weak), The Rich above the Poor, Employers above Employees, Adults above Children, Western culture above other cultures, America above other countries. The hierarchy extends to: Men above women, Whites above Nonwhites, Christians above nonChristians, Straights above Gays.
We see these tendencies in most of the Republican presidential candidates, as well as in Trump, and on the whole, conservative policies flow from the strict father worldview and this hierarchy
Family-based moral worldviews run deep.
. . .
 
Both are characterized in the brain by neural circuitry. They are linked by a commonplace circuit: mutual inhibition. When one is turned on the other is turned off; when one is strengthened, the other is weakened. What turns them on or off? Language that fits that worldview activates that worldview, strengthening it, while turning off the other worldview and weakening it. The more Trump’s views are discussed in the media, the more they are activated and the stronger they get, both in the minds of hardcore conservatives and in the minds of moderate progressives.
This is true even if you are attacking Trump’s views.

How Can Democrats Do Better?
First, don’t think of an elephant. Remember not to repeat false conservative claims and then rebut them with the facts. Instead, go positive. Give a positive truthful framing to undermine claims to the contrary. Use the facts to support positively-framed truth. Use repetition.
Second, start with values, not policies and facts and numbers. Say what you believe, but haven’t been saying. For example, progressive thought is built on empathy, on citizens caring about other citizens and working through our government to provide public resources for all, both businesses and individuals. Use history. That’s how America started. The public resources used by businesses were not only roads and bridges, but public education, a national bank, a patent office, courts for business cases, interstate commerce support, and of course the criminal justice system. From the beginning, the Private Depended on Public Resources, both private lives and private enterprise.

Private enterprise and private life utterly depend on public resources. Have you ever said this? Elizabeth Warren has. Almost no other public figures. And stop defending “the government.” Talk about the public, the people, Americans, the American people, public servants, and good government. And take back freedom. Public resources provide for freedom in private enterprise and private life.
The conservatives are committed to privatizing just about everything and to eliminating funding for most public resources. The contribution of public resources to our freedoms cannot be overstated. Start saying it.
And don’t forget the police. Effective respectful policing is a public resource.

Third, keep out of nasty exchanges and attacks. Keep out of shouting matches. One can speak powerfully without shouting.

Values come first, facts and policies follow in the service of values. They matter, but they always support values.
Give up identity politics. No more women’s issues, black issues, Latino issues. Their issues are all real, and need public discussion. But they all fall under freedom issues, human issues. And address poor whites!  Appalachian and rust belt whites deserve your attention as much as anyone else. Don’t surrender their fate to Trump, who will just increase their suffering.
And remember JFK’s immortal, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.” Empathy, devotion, love, pride in our country’s values, public resources to create freedoms. And adulthood.
Be prepared. You have to understand Trump to stand calmly up to him and those running with him all over the country."

I think this is a brilliant synthesis.  It's not just analysis, it pulls together many different lines of thought -- from philosophy, psychology, rhetoric, neural science, and more.

Though long, it should be required reading for every activist.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 02:22:52 AM
To be honest I know relatively little about either the books, or the HBO series, about "The Game of Thrones", so if some of my attempts to connect Donald J. Trump with the machinations of that story's "man vs man" theme may (or may not) seem awkward at times, please be patient.

Nevertheless, the first image of a quote from Lord Petyr Baelish (aka Littlefinger), seems to match Trump's strategy of keeping his opponents in the dark until he strikes; while the second image of a Littlefinger quote seems to match how Trump feeds off of chaos; and the third quote seems to match how Trump manipulates people (see his book "The Art of the Deal") ; and the fourth image seems to match how Trump would happily burn the system down so that he could be king of the ashes:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petyr_Baelish (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petyr_Baelish)

In this regards the first linked article is entitled: "Trump looking at fast ways to quit global climate deal: source"; which indicates that he will happily burn the world to increase his own narcissistic self-importance.

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-climatechange-accord-idUSKBN1370JX (http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-climatechange-accord-idUSKBN1370JX)

Extract: "Trump, who has called global warming a hoax and has promised to quit the Paris Agreement, was considering ways to bypass a theoretical four-year procedure for leaving the accord, according to the source, who works on Trump's transition team for international energy and climate policy.
"It was reckless for the Paris agreement to enter into force before the election" on Tuesday, the source told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity. The Paris Agreement won enough backing for entry into force on Nov. 4.
Alternatives were to send a letter withdrawing from a 1992 Convention that is the parent treaty of the Paris Agreement, voiding U.S. involvement in both in a year's time, or to issue a presidential order simply deleting the U.S. signature from the Paris accord, he said."

The second linked article presents some recent evidence of Trump's mob connections (which are not dissimilar to Littlefinger's):

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2016/11/2/1590081/-Another-Donald-Trump-recording-emerges-and-this-time-it-s-a-mob-connection (http://www.dailykos.com/story/2016/11/2/1590081/-Another-Donald-Trump-recording-emerges-and-this-time-it-s-a-mob-connection)

Extract: "Sure, Donald Trump has connections to the Russian mafia—but don’t forget his ties to the plain old American variety. Those connections included deals with mob-owned concrete companies to build Trump Tower.

In a nutshell, Donald Trump violated the law to hang with a mobster, served up racism and sexism on request, reneged on a business deal, and tried to seduce a married woman."
See also the third linked article is entitled: "Here's Video of Trump and an Alleged Mobster at Wrestlemania"

http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/videos/a50251/video-trump-mob-figure/ (http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/videos/a50251/video-trump-mob-figure/)

Also, the fourth linked article is entitled: "The Many Times Donald Trump Has Lied About His Mob Connections"

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/09/donald-trump-lies-about-dealings-mafia-figures (http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/09/donald-trump-lies-about-dealings-mafia-figures)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 02:36:34 AM
To carry on with The Game of Throne's theme of man vs man, I offer the following re-posting of references about man's violent nature and possible approaches to directing this nature towards good:

The first linked reference demonstrates that human lethal violence has phylogenetic roots, but that civilization has reduced the expression of this lethal violence.  Thus if/when socio-economic collapse occurs, the is little doubt that we will return to our violent roots with a vengeance.  For example, modern humans now kill each other on a rate of 13 in 1000; while during the medieval period that deadly rate shot up to about 120 per 1000:

José María Gómez, Miguel Verdú, Adela González-Megías & Marcos Méndez (2016), "The phylogenetic roots of human lethal violence", Nature, doi:10.1038/nature19758

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature19758.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature19758.html)

Extract: "The psychological, sociological and evolutionary roots of conspecific violence in humans are still debated, despite attracting the attention of intellectuals for over two millennia. Here we propose a conceptual approach towards understanding these roots based on the assumption that aggression in mammals, including humans, has a significant phylogenetic component. By compiling sources of mortality from a comprehensive sample of mammals, we assessed the percentage of deaths due to conspecifics and, using phylogenetic comparative tools, predicted this value for humans. The proportion of human deaths phylogenetically predicted to be caused by interpersonal violence stood at 2%. This value was similar to the one phylogenetically inferred for the evolutionary ancestor of primates and apes, indicating that a certain level of lethal violence arises owing to our position within the phylogeny of mammals. It was also similar to the percentage seen in prehistoric bands and tribes, indicating that we were as lethally violent then as common mammalian evolutionary history would predict. However, the level of lethal violence has changed through human history and can be associated with changes in the socio-political organization of human populations. Our study provides a detailed phylogenetic and historical context against which to compare levels of lethal violence observed throughout our history."

See also:
https://www.thestar.com/news/world/2016/10/01/humans-are-descended-from-murderous-beasts-but-civilization-has-tamed-us.html (https://www.thestar.com/news/world/2016/10/01/humans-are-descended-from-murderous-beasts-but-civilization-has-tamed-us.html)

Extract: "Humans are “in a position within a particularly violent mammalian clade, in which violence seems to have been ancestrally present,” the study in the journal Nature says. That means that based on other rather murderous species closely related to us, humans have “inherited their propensity for violence.”
As a group, mammals average a lethal violence rate against their own of about three killings of their own species in 1,000 deaths. The “root” violence rate of early humans and many of our closer primate cousins is about 20 in 1,000, said study lead author Jose Maria Gomez at the University of Granada in Spain. But in the medieval period, between 700 and 1500 A.D., that deadly rate shot up to about 120 per 1000.
But we’ve gotten less murderous.
On average, modern humans now kill each other on a rate of 13 in 1000, Gomez said, basing his calculations on World Health Organization data. But he says the exact numbers are rough and depend on many technical variables, so what is more accurate is to say “violence has decreased significantly in the contemporary age.”

Pinker praised the Gomez study as creative and thorough.
“Based on three biological facts — we are apes, we are social and we are territorial — one would predict that humans should engage in lethal violence in our natural conditions,” Pinker wrote in an email. “Modern societies have developed, especially the rule of law, that have reduced rates of lethal violence below what would expect for a mammal with our ancestry and ecology.”
Harvard biological anthropologist Richard Wrangham, who studies the roots of violence, praised the breadth Gomez study, but said there some issues remain. He’s especially concerned about too closely linking primates killing their own, which is more the murdering of infants, to humans whose killing their own mostly involves adults.
Few species beyond humans and some social territorial carnivores like wolves and lions are part of the “adult-killing club” of their own species, Wrangham said. “Humans really are exceptional.” "


The next linked article discusses evidence that as mankind left the hunter-gather stage (& entered the agricultural stage that allowed for higher population densities) that well-connected social networks blossomed as more aggressive male (genetic) behavior diminished.  Another recent study (see the second link, & that attached image) found that at this same transitional stage the average ratio of genes passed down to subsequence generations indicated that on average the successfully reproductive man had 17 mates; which is a clear sign that social-networks (including organized farming, mining, trades & crafts) allowed more social males (whether cad-types or dad-types) to accumulate sufficient wealth to maximize their reproductive success.  It would seem logical that natural selection will further promote more social (empathic) behavior as we transition from the industrial age (dominated by fossil fuels) to the information age (which in my opinion will facilitate sustainable behavior with less externalization of dis-benefits like pollution and GHGs).

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/Science-Notebook/2015/0416/Why-do-humans-have-chins (http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/Science-Notebook/2015/0416/Why-do-humans-have-chins)

Extract: "Humans are the only primate with a chin, an adaptation that reflects the emergence of complex social networks among our ancestors.


Beginning about 80,000 years ago, and accelerating about 20,000 years later following another wave of human migration out of Africa, human faces changed. Our brow ridges became less prominent, and most parts of our faces shrank, except for the chin, which then appeared more prominent.

The hormonal changes were associated with behavioral changes. As population density increased, small bands of hunter-gatherers began to encounter one another more frequently. As the number of interactions with outsiders increased, those who were less aggressive and more empathetic toward unfamiliar people – which tended to be men with relatively lower levels of testosterone – finally began to see success, cooperating to obtain food and sharing techniques to make tools, for instance.
"What we're arguing is that modern humans had an advantage at some point to have a well-connected social network, they can exchange information, and mates, more readily, there's innovation," says Franciscus in the press release, "and for that to happen, males have to tolerate each other.
Over time, these original economic girlie men had more reproductive success than their more hostile and aggressive counterparts. Even greater social tolerance led to greater population density, and eventually more gracile faces came to dominate the gene pool.
And it all happened, the researchers argue, because humans started developing wider social networks.

Behavioral modernity – a term used by anthropologists to mean basically everything that humans have done for the past fifty or sixty millenniums – does not have a single cause. But, if these researchers are correct, the origins of our civilization, and of our ability to improve it over time, are written on your face."

http://phys.org/news/2015-03-wealth-power-stronger-role-survival.html (http://phys.org/news/2015-03-wealth-power-stronger-role-survival.html)
Extract: "Melissa Wilson Sayres, a leading author and assistant professor with ASU's School of Life Sciences, said, "Instead of 'survival of the fittest' in biological sense, the accumulation of wealth and power may have increased the reproductive success of a limited number of 'socially fit' males and their sons."
It is widely recognized among scientists that a major bottleneck, or decrease in genetic diversity, occurred approximately 50 thousand years ago when a subset of humans left Africa and migrated across the rest of the world. Signatures of this bottleneck appear in most genes of non-African populations, whether they are inherited from both parents or, as confirmed in this study, only along the father's or mother's genetic lines.
"Most surprisingly to us, we detected another, male-specific, bottleneck during a period of global growth. The signal for this bottleneck dates to a time period four to eight thousand years ago, when humans in different parts of the world had become sedentary farmers," said senior author Toomas Kivisild from the Division of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge."



The next study indicates that by the end of the Pleistocene that mankind's facial signals uniquely qualified us to take advantage of the technological revolutions that occurred during the Holocene/Anthropocene (where mankind began to dominate nature), as indicated by the findings of the second linked research (see the attached image).


The following linked references indicate that not only did wealth allow for a genetic bottleneck of male genes in Europe about 5500 years ago, but it also allowed for large-scale displacement of one cultural group by another (certainly including by means of warfare & enslavement):

Nature, Volume: 522, Pages: 140–141Date published:
(11 June 2015), doi:10.1038/522140a


http://www.nature.com/news/dna-data-explosion-lights-up-the-bronze-age-1.17723 (http://www.nature.com/news/dna-data-explosion-lights-up-the-bronze-age-1.17723)


http://news.sciencemag.org/archaeology/2015/06/nomadic-herders-left-strong-genetic-mark-europeans-and-asians (http://news.sciencemag.org/archaeology/2015/06/nomadic-herders-left-strong-genetic-mark-europeans-and-asians)

Extract: "The Bronze Age came to Europe and Asia 5000 years ago, leaving a trail of metal tools, axes, and jewelry that stretches from Siberia to Scandinavia. But was this powerful new technology an idea that spread from the Middle East to European and Asian people, or was it brought in by foreigners? Two of the largest studies of ancient DNA from Bronze Age and Iron Age people have now found that outsiders deserve the credit: Nomadic herders from the steppes of today's Russia and Ukraine brought their culture and, possibly, languages with them—and made a relatively recent and lasting imprint on the genetic makeup of Europeans and Asians.
In the studies, published online today in Nature, two rival teams of geneticists analyzed the DNA from 170 individuals who lived at key archaeological sites in Europe and Asia 5000 to 3000 years ago. Both teams found strong evidence that a wave of nomadic herders known as the Yamnaya from the Pontic-Caspian, a vast steppeland stretching from the northern shores of the Black Sea and as far east as the Caspian Sea, swept into Europe sometime between 5000 and 4800 years ago; along the way, they may have brought with them Proto-Indo-European, the mysterious ancestral tongue from which all of today’s 400 Indo-European languages spring. These herders interbred with local farmers and created the Corded Ware culture of central Europe, named for the twisted cord imprint on its pottery. Their genes were passed down to northern and central Europeans living today, as one of the teams posted on a preprint server earlier this year and published today.
But in a new twist, one of the studies also found that the Yamnaya headed east from their homeland in the Eurasian steppelands, moving all the way to the Altai Mountains of Siberia, where they replaced local hunter-gatherers. This means that this distinctive culture of pastoralists, who had ox-driven wagons with wheels and whose warriors rode horses, dominated much of Eurasia, from north-central Europe to central Siberia and northern Mongolia. They persisted there until as recently as 2000 years ago. “Now we see the Yamnaya is not only spreading north into Europe; they’re also spreading east, crossing the Urals, getting all the way into central Asia, all the way into the Altai, between Mongolia, China, and Siberia,” says evolutionary biologist Eske Willerslev of the University of Copenhagen, author of one study.
Archaeologists have long noticed connections between the steppe cultures such as the Yamnaya and Bronze Age people to the east, who lived in the Minusinsk Basin and the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia and Mongolia about 5500 to 4500 years ago. Like the steppe people, these eastern cultures, such as the Afanasievo of the Altai, buried their high-status people in a supine flexed position, covered in ochre with animal remains in their graves, beneath mounds (or stone kurgans in the steppe). They also made pointed-based pots, censers (circular bowls on legs), and were among the first people to drive carts with wheels and tame horses. All of these traits also link them to people in central and eastern Europe, including the Yamnaya and Corded Ware people, who are thought to have spoken early Indo-European languages."


Now that I have established that modern people have both Cad-like and Dad-like genetic propensities, and which behavior is expressed more is a function of not only wealth/power but also by socio-economic guarantors (such as facial micro-expressions) that promote group cohesion; I would like to turn to modern psychology findings about human nature that will support not only improved future socio-economic interactions but will also allow for faster and more beneficial programming of AI and of human (cyborg) interaction with AI (in the coming decades):

I begin by referencing the Book "Born to be Good: The Science of a Meaningful Life" by Dacher Keltner, W.W. Norton & Co., 2009

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393337138?ie=UTF8&tag=gregooscicen-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0393337138 (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393337138?ie=UTF8&tag=gregooscicen-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0393337138)

Extract: "…. Dacher Keltner investigates an unanswered question of human evolution: If humans are hardwired to lead lives that are “nasty, brutish, and short,” why have we evolved with positive emotions like gratitude, amusement, awe, and compassion that promote ethical action and cooperative societies? Illustrated with more than fifty photographs of human emotions, Born to Be Good takes us on a journey through scientific discovery, personal narrative, and Eastern philosophy. Positive emotions, Keltner finds, lie at the core of human nature and shape our everyday behavior―and they just may be the key to understanding how we can live our lives better."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Archimid on November 14, 2016, 02:52:48 AM
I think this whole thread is required reading. Thank you ASLR.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 04:20:44 AM
I think this whole thread is required reading. Thank you ASLR.

Archimid,

Thank you.  I learn a lot while researching my various posts in all the different threads of this forum, but especially in this thread.

Best regards,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 04:56:43 AM
I imagine that Trump will settle as many lawsuits as possible, but who knows maybe some will proceed into his presidency (the attached image shows a trial in "The Game of Thrones"):

The linked Wikipedia article is entitled: "Legal affairs of Donald Trump"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_affairs_of_Donald_Trump (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_affairs_of_Donald_Trump)

Extract: "An analysis by USA Today published in June 2016 found that over the previous three decades, Trump and his businesses have been involved in 3,500 legal cases in U.S. federal courts and state court, an unprecedented number for a U.S. presidential candidate. Of the 3,500 suits, Trump or one of his companies were plaintiffs in 1,900; defendants in 1,450; and bankruptcy, third party, or other in 150. Trump was named in at least 169 suits in federal court. A number of other cases (over 150) were in the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Court of Florida (covering Broward County, Florida) since 1983"

See also:
http://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2016-37956018 (http://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2016-37956018)

Extract: "Donald Trump is heading to the White House with numerous private lawsuits. What are they and how might they affect his presidency?
Even by the standards of billionaire businessmen, Donald Trump is an unusually litigious man who has been involved in thousands of lawsuits - both those he has launched and those he has defended - over the years.
The president-elect has been party to some 4,000 lawsuits over the last 30 years and is currently facing 75 active lawsuits, according to analysis by USA Today newspaper.
By far the most pressing - and potentially embarrassing for the newly elected leader - are several lawsuits launched over the now-defunct Trump University, which centre on former students claiming they were charged tens of thousands of dollars for courses that promised to unlock the secrets of real estate entrepreneurship - and didn't. Mr Trump denies the claims.
Because these were launched long before he assumed office, no presidential immunity statutes apply and Mr Trump will have to attend court when required."

Also see:

http://www.usatoday.com/pages/interactives/trump-lawsuits/ (http://www.usatoday.com/pages/interactives/trump-lawsuits/)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 12:08:26 PM
Perhaps the Game of Throne's Ice Wall (see first image) can be taken as a metaphor for the ice plugs for the Antarctic marine glaciers, the lose of which DeConto & Pollard (2016) indicate could result in a collapse of major portions of the Antarctic Ice Sheet (see the last three image); resulting in both abrupt sea level rise and in Hansen's ice-climate feedback:

Edit: This post both matches the Game of Thrones theme of "man vs nature" and of systemic isolation as AR5 does not formally recognize either DeConto & Pollard's hydrofracturing & cliff failure mechanisms for abrupt ice sheet collapse nor Hansen's ice-climate feedback.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 06:24:42 PM
In keeping with both the "man vs man" and "man vs nature" themes of The Game of Thrones the attached quotes remind me of the coming Donald J. Trump transition to power:

Edit: This post matches the systemic isolation theme as none of the IPCC RCP scenarios recognize the likely consequences of a Trump presidency combined with high climate sensitivity.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 07:52:45 PM
Further to Reply #177, the first linked article is entitled: "‘Prediction professor’ who called Trump’s big win also made another forecast: Trump will be impeached".

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/11/11/prediction-professor-who-called-trumps-big-win-also-made-another-forecast-trump-will-be-impeached/ (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/11/11/prediction-professor-who-called-trumps-big-win-also-made-another-forecast-trump-will-be-impeached/)

&

https://www.irishexaminer.com/examviral/real-life/is-there-any-way-donald-trump-wont-become-president-430165.html (https://www.irishexaminer.com/examviral/real-life/is-there-any-way-donald-trump-wont-become-president-430165.html)

Extract: ”Law professor Christopher Peterson of the University of Utah wrote a 23-page essay before Trump was even elected summarising the reasons Trump should be impeached and it still applies since his victory. Peterson highlights several legal complaints of fraud and racketeering from Trump but focuses on Trump University – for which Trump is due to go on trial this month, unless it’s settled out of court.

“In the United States, it is illegal for businesses to use false statements to convince consumers to purchase their services,” wrote Peterson. “The evidence indicates that Trump University used a systemic pattern of fraudulent representations to trick thousands of families into investing in a programme that it can be argued was a sham. Fraud and racketeering are serious crimes that legally rise to the level of impeachable acts.”

Some might take the impeachment idea with a pinch of salt however. In the event of Trump’s impeachment his vice-president Mike Pence would most likely take power – a man who reportedly advocated spending public money on conversion therapy for gay people.

History isn’t on the side of this idea. The last president to face impeachment proceedings was Bill Clinton, who faced charges of perjury and obstructing the course of justice after he lied about having an extramarital affair with a White House intern – something he was acquitted of. The only other president to be impeached was Andrew Johnson in 1868 and no US commander-in-chief has ever lost office because of it.

Verdict – Although unprecedented, expert opinion deems it well within the realms of possibility."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 09:03:18 PM
The linked article is entitled: "John Oliver, Activist - “We need to stay here and fight,” he told his audience on Sunday evening."  The parallel between John Oliver's monologue & Cersei's act of desperation speaks for itself:


https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2016/11/john-oliver-activist-comedian/507599/ (https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2016/11/john-oliver-activist-comedian/507599/)


Extract: "For the last eight years, we’ve had a president we could assume would generally stand up for the rights of all Americans. But that is going to change now. So we’re going to have to actively stand up for one another."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 14, 2016, 11:54:05 PM
The linked article is entitled: "The U.S. will become a pariah when Trump pulls out of the Paris Climate Agreement - And the trade war he campaigned on will be all but guaranteed."


https://thinkprogress.org/pariah-nation-when-trump-exits-paris-climate-fe8c6884b654#.orz7gmyzx

Extract: "Since the United States was a leader in making Paris happen, when the country pulls out (and then works to kill climate action at home and abroad), it will suddenly become a global pariah. Think of the sanctions against Putin’s Russia — or, think about a massive, global boycott, like the one against apartheid South Africa, times 10.

Consider how a United States exit will look.

The world will rightly blame the United States for destroying humanity’s last, best hope to avoid catastrophic warming. We will be blamed for the multiple ever-worsening catastrophic climate impacts that befall the planet in the coming years (and decades and beyond)."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 15, 2016, 05:39:57 PM
In a world where Myron Ebell will likely be the next head of the US EPA, it is a clear sign of systemic isolation that IPCC scientists have made RCP 8.5 as an upper bound scenario.  In a man vs. man world the iron throne is made of swords and many innocents will die:

The linked article is entitled: "Trump's attack dog on climate", and discusses Myron Ebell who is the leading candidate to be Trump's new head of the US EPA.

http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2016/11/trumps-attack-dog-on-climate-000231 (http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2016/11/trumps-attack-dog-on-climate-000231)


Extract: "In the seven weeks since reporters confirmed that climate-change skeptic Myron Ebell would be the head of President-elect Donald Trump's EPA transition team, environmental websites have lit up with worry, and reporters have started to unpack the views of someone referred to as a “climate contrarian” and free-market “public-policy wonk.”"

He views the scientific community as deeply flawed, an arrogant profession prone to sloppy mistakes. Critics views his position on science as mirroring that of the tobacco industry decades ago and they note that Ebell worked on tobacco issues at the ALRA in the 1990s.
“If he deserves credit for anything—I would call it a black mark—it would be taking the tobacco playbook and applying it to climate change,” said Jeremy Symons, the assistant vice president for climate political affairs at the Environmental Defense Fund who has clashed with Ebell over the years.

“Myron is a true believer that climate change isn’t real, that corporations left to their own devices will do the right thing and the EPA is the problem, not part of the solution,” said Symons. Moylan called Ebell a “ring leader in the libertarian wing” who is fully convinced that alarmist environmentalists are using the specter of climate change to push through their Big Government agenda.

“The climate denialist world is a very small echo chamber which is almost hermetically sealed from the rest of the climate arena,” said Taylor. He added, “It’s not that different from the alt-right world writ large that we’ve been learning about recently. They have not crossed the radar screens of serious people. But through that neglect, they have grown steadily and increasingly on the right.”

“I got a sick feeling in my gut,” said Symons. “I can’t believe we got to the point when someone who is as unqualified and intellectually dishonest as Myron Ebell has been put in a position of trust for the future of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the climate we are going to leave our kids.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 16, 2016, 01:35:35 AM
The linked article is entitled: "Power battles bog down Trump transition".  Maybe in a few years, to save money, Trump can replace our judicial system with "trial by combat"; which is how he seems to be selecting his cabinet.

http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/donald-trump-cabinet-transition-battles-231442 (http://www.politico.com/story/2016/11/donald-trump-cabinet-transition-battles-231442)

Extract: "One week after winning the presidency in a stunning upset, Donald Trump is already botching the transition, insiders say.

The daunting task of filling top Cabinet posts appears to be a chaotic scramble inside Trump Tower, with competing power centers jockeying for position and influence as a steady stream of names both realistic and not gets floated to a baffled media.

“It’s an absolute knife fight,” said one Trump insider. “But that just makes it Tuesday.”"

Edit, see also the following linked article entitled: "Trump Transition Shake-Up Part of 'Stalinesque Purge' of Christie Loyalists":

http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/trump-transition-shake-part-stalinesque-purge-christie-loyalists-n684081 (http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/trump-transition-shake-part-stalinesque-purge-christie-loyalists-n684081)

Extract: "The Donald Trump transition, already off to slow start, bogged down further Tuesday with the abrupt resignation of former Congressman Mike Rogers, who had been coordinating its national security efforts.

Two sources close to Rogers said he had been the victim of what one called a "Stalinesque purge," from the transition of people close to New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, who left Friday. It was unclear which other aides close to Christie had also been forced out."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 17, 2016, 07:17:34 PM
The linked Wired article is entitled: "America's Top Spy Talks Snowden Leaks and Our Ominous Future".  While covert intelligence operations have been going on since the begin of our species, with the rate of increase of intelligence and Trump taking the helm, we should all be concerned that our leaders are ill-equipped to deal with the pace of change of our current reality:

https://www.wired.com/2016/11/james-clapper-us-intelligence/ (https://www.wired.com/2016/11/james-clapper-us-intelligence/)

Extract: "One of the things Clapper does profess to enjoy about his job is meeting with the men and women who make up his covert empire of 17 agencies, which range from brand names like the CIA, NSA, DEA, and FBI to lesser-known units like the Treasury Department’s Office of Intelligence and Analysis.

Rather than worry whether his spies have gone too far, Clapper worries that leaders in Washington are ill-equipped to tackle the multiplying, metastasizing set of threats that face America. His annual appearances on Capitol Hill—filled with discussions about ISIS, cyberwar, North Korea’s nuclear program, and new Russian and Chinese aggression—have been so routinely pessimistic that he refers to his yearly global threat assessment as the Litany of Doom. Unpredictable instability has been a constant for this administration and will be, he says, for the next one too.

The nation’s first director of national intelligence, John Negroponte, opened shop in 2005 with a staff of 11 crammed into a small office close to the White House—filling a new post created in the aftermath of 9/11 in recognition that the country needed a single figure to oversee its intelligence efforts. By the time Clapper arrived in the job five years later, the staff occupied a 51-acre complex in McLean, Virginia.

Thanks to the documents leaked by Snowden, the American public now knows that Clapper’s empire encompasses more than 107,000 employees, roughly equivalent to the population of Green Bay, Wisconsin. Their combined budget exceeds $52 billion, including $10 billion for the NSA and $14 billion for the CIA, $2.6 billion of which goes for covert action programs like drone strikes and sabotaging Iran’s nuclear program.

In his mind the adverse reaction stemmed in part from the fact that, in the era after 9/11, the Bush administration claimed too much power for its sprawling war on terror in secret. More should have been publicly debated and authorized by Congress, he says, including the sweeping domestic surveillance program that lay at the heart of Snowden’s explosive disclosures.

In fact, he says, while the legislative changes after Snowden’s revelations made the process slower for the NSA, it greatly boosted the total amount of data the agency could legally access. “Instead of the NSA storing the data, we go to the companies and ask them for it,” he says. “It actually gave us broader access across a broader range of providers than the original programs. If people think their civil liberties and privacy are going to be better protected by the providers, OK.”

One of the biggest projects of Clapper’s tenure post-Snowden has been to declassify thousands of the top-secret intelligence dossiers, known today as the President’s Daily Brief, that have been delivered to the Oval Office every morning since the Kennedy administration. Over the past year, Clapper and CIA director John Brennan have disclosed the majority of them up through the Ford administration.

Clapper has little faith in encryption as a bulwark against cyberattacks. Instead he thinks the answer lies in a strategy of deterrence.

That’s why it doesn’t bother him that America inaugurated the era of cyberwarfare. “I’m glad, if we were in fact the first,” he says. He hopes that the use of weapons like Stuxnet—and their demonstrated power to wreak real-world havoc—will eventually help keep the peace between state adversaries and perhaps even engender a strategic analogue to the cold war’s mutually assured destruction doctrine. If nations recognize that any act of cyberaggression is certain to result in retaliatory strikes that will wipe out their own critical systems, then they won’t act.  “Until we create the substance and psychology of deterrence, these attacks are going to continue,” he says. He has little idea what that strategic deterrence looks like, though. “People understood nuclear deterrence. Cyber’s much harder to grasp.” That’s one problem for which he’s happy to pass the buck to his successor: “I don’t want that homework assignment.”
In other respects too, he says, the nation needs to look further ahead. America is too preoccupied with terrorism and not focused enough on the most troubling long-range threats—from war in space, as China and Russia build antisatellite capability and threaten America’s dominance of technologies like GPS, to the ways in which artificial intelligence and human genomic modification could endanger national security. I ask him if the American people should just get used to terrorism attacks like those in Paris or San Bernardino, California. “I do,” he replies, his words clipped. “Got used to the cold war—went on a long time. Decades.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 17, 2016, 09:19:04 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Trump Scores His First Win in Congress", which means that Congress will only pass a stopgap spending bill until March 2017, at which time Trump will have a say in the 2017 federal budget, and at which time the GOP will be able to roll back many regulations ordered by Obama.  Follow the money trail …

http://www.thewire.com/politics/2011/04/political-history-donald-trumps-publicity/36777/ (http://www.thewire.com/politics/2011/04/political-history-donald-trumps-publicity/36777/)

Extract: "The president-elect wants an immediate say in how money is spent once he takes office, and Republicans are granting his wish."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 17, 2016, 09:48:31 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Trump Camp's Talk of Registry and Japanese Internment Raises Muslim Fears".  If the GOP Congress were to declare war on say ISIS then Donald J. Trump would be granted wartime authority to inter US citizens.  Maybe it is time to pay more attention:

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/us/politics/japanese-internment-muslim-registry.html?_r=0 (http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/us/politics/japanese-internment-muslim-registry.html?_r=0)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 19, 2016, 06:11:47 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Donald Trump’s first staff picks all deny the threat of climate change"; and so the end has a beginning …

https://thinkprogress.org/trump-top-picks-climate-denial-record-d9e6f438b104#.auscn8pl0 (https://thinkprogress.org/trump-top-picks-climate-denial-record-d9e6f438b104#.auscn8pl0)

Extract: "Introducing the Five Horsemen of the Climate Apocalypse"

Also see the following article entitled "Climate change worries escalate as Trump elevates top deniers":

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/16/politics/climate-change-donald-trump/ (http://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/16/politics/climate-change-donald-trump/)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 20, 2016, 05:12:40 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Most people are wildly underestimating what Trump’s win will mean for the environment".  Soon the pillaging will begin:

http://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2016/11/14/13582562/trump-gop-climate-environmental-policy (http://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2016/11/14/13582562/trump-gop-climate-environmental-policy)

Extract: "So the biggest question is whether Republicans in Congress can revamp the laws that underpin and guide the EPA. And here, the only thing stopping them is the Senate.

There will be 47 Democrats in the Senate in 2017. If 41 of them can stick together, they can filibuster Republican environmental legislation. (Ending a filibuster requires a cloture vote by a supermajority of 60 senators.)

Will Republican leaders let that happen? Or will they get rid of the filibuster? They would need only 50 votes to do so. Jonathan Chait thinks the filibuster is toast. Jonathan Bernstein thinks there’s a chance it could survive, since there are some old-school institutionalists on the right, like Jeff Flake and John McCain, who prefer to keep it.

If the filibuster survives, Republicans will be significantly constrained in what they can do, though they still have options. They could, for instance, try to slip environmental measures that affect the federal budget into budget reconciliation bills — those only need 51 votes to pass. (Paul Ryan suggested that strategy in a presser in January.)

Here are 11 top environmental priorities for Trump and a GOP Congress
1) Kill Obama’s Clean Power Plan

2) Withdraw from the Paris climate agreement

3) Dismantle US environmental rules around coal power

4) Weaken fuel economy standards for cars and light trucks

5) Open up new public lands to oil and gas drilling

6) Scale back federal support for wind and solar power

7) Dramatically limit the EPA’s ability to regulate in the future

8 ) Reverse the White House’s climate guidance to federal agencies

9) Make the Supreme Court more hostile to environmental regulation

10) Pack the executive branch with industry-friendly appointments

11) A flurry of anti-EPA budget bills that will emerge every year, without end

What’s more, the GOP has become much more radicalized since the Bush years, and the country much more partisan. “Negative partisanship” — hatred of the other side — is increasingly the prime motive force in US politics, with less and less willingness on either side to compromise or even negotiate. There is virtually no Republican support left for environmental or climate policy, other than to dismantle it.

While there is always some chance Trump could lunge off in an unexpected direction (he is Trump, after all), the overwhelming likelihood is that GOP operatives and industry lobbyists will control energy and environmental policy for the next four years. What lies ahead now is triage, a long string of terrible choices, desperate battles, and wrenching losses, the consequences of which could reverberate for millennia. "
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on November 20, 2016, 06:15:01 PM
In addition to McCain and Flake, two other Republican senators that I know of are against getting rid of the filibuster, Orrin Hatch and Lindsey Graham. Despite that, Mitch McConnell and the leadership are looking for the means to circumvent the filibuster with regards to Supreme Court appointments. Dark days ahead. I tend to be optimistic but looking down the road, it's difficult finding that silver lining in those dark clouds.

I just finished watching season one of Game of Thrones. I'm hooked!
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: be cause on November 20, 2016, 06:35:40 PM
haven't seen a minute of GoT but keep bumping into cast as they seem to most filming here in N. Ireland .
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 20, 2016, 07:16:59 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Federal Reserve Chair Throws Cold Water On Trump's Economic Plan"; which provides an economic example of how Trump is an opportunist with very little wisdom:

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/17/502480053/federal-reserve-chair-throws-cold-water-on-trump-economic-plan (http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/17/502480053/federal-reserve-chair-throws-cold-water-on-trump-economic-plan)

Extract: "President-elect Donald Trump has pledged a $1 trillion infrastructure spending program to help jump-start an economy that he said during the campaign was in terrible shape.
Speaking on Capitol Hill Thursday, Federal Reserve Board Chair Janet Yellen warned lawmakers that as they consider such spending, they should keep an eye on the national debt. Yellen also said that while the economy needed a big boost with fiscal stimulus after the financial crisis, that's not the case now.

"The economy is operating relatively close to full employment at this point," she said, "so in contrast to where the economy was after the financial crisis when a large demand boost was needed to lower unemployment, we're no longer in that state."

Yellen cautioned lawmakers that if they spend a lot on infrastructure and run up the debt, and then down the road the economy gets into trouble, "there is not a lot of fiscal space should a shock to the economy occur, an adverse shock, that should require fiscal stimulus."

Another target of Trump's during the campaign came up at the hearing: the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Rep. Pat Tiberi, R-Ohio, cited Trump's criticism that the Dodd-Frank banking rules were stifling lending and stunting the economy. But Yellen gave her support to Dodd-Frank, saying:

"We lived through a devastating financial crisis, and a high priority for all Americans should be that we want to see put in place safeguards through supervision and regulation that result in a safer and sounder financial system, and I think we have been doing that and our financial system as a consequence is safer and sounder and many of the appropriate reforms are embodied in Dodd-Frank."

Yellen added, "We wouldn't want to go back to the mortgage lending standards that led to the financial crisis.""


See also:

http://www.businessinsider.com/elon-musk-trump-decision-on-electric-car-incentives-wont-hurt-tesla-2016-11 (http://www.businessinsider.com/elon-musk-trump-decision-on-electric-car-incentives-wont-hurt-tesla-2016-11)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 20, 2016, 09:25:52 PM
To take a brief break from GoT analogies; one of the key messages of this thread is that in a free-will information network signals can easily become corrupted; which then exposes the common good to narcissists like Trump who have fallen in love with their own self-deception (see the first image).  Trump's election victory has already encouraged populists to seek to return to a past where they imposed their beliefs on others as indicated in the second image of the "Captain" lectures Cool Hand Luke that: "What we've got here is failure to communicate"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_we've_got_here_is_failure_to_communicate (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/What_we've_got_here_is_failure_to_communicate)

As much of this thread addresses how information theory can work to decrease entropy/suffering, I provide the following link to Shannon's paper "A Mathematical Theory of Communication" that underpins much of information theory (and where entropy "H" is used as a measure of information contained in the signals):

C. E. SHANNON (July, October, 1948), "A Mathematical Theory of Communication", The Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 623–656.

http://worrydream.com/refs/Shannon%20-%20A%20Mathematical%20Theory%20of%20Communication.pdf (http://worrydream.com/refs/Shannon%20-%20A%20Mathematical%20Theory%20of%20Communication.pdf)

Extract: "In the present paper we will extend the theory to include a number of new factors, in particular the effect of noise in the channel, and the savings possible due to the statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destination of the information. 

The fundamental problem of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another point.

If the number of messages in the set is finite then this number or any monotonic function of this number can be regarded as a measure of the information produced when one message is chosen from the set, all choices being equally likely. As was pointed out by Hartley the most natural choice is the logarithmic function.

The choice of a logarithmic base corresponds to the choice of a unit for measuring information. If the base 2 is used the resulting units may be called binary digits, or more briefly bits, a word suggested by J. W. Tukey.

We have represented a discrete information source as a Markoff process. Can we define a quantity which will measure, in some sense, how much information is “produced” by such a process, or better, at what rate information is produced?

Suppose we have a set of possible events whose probabilities of occurrence are p1; p2; : : : ; pn. These probabilities are known but that is all we know concerning which event will occur. Can we find a measure of how much “choice” is involved in the selection of the event or of how uncertain we are of the outcome?  If there is such a measure, say H(p1; p2; : : : ; pn), …

The only H satisfying the three above assumptions is of the form:

{See the Formula in the third attached image}

where K is a positive constant.

This theorem, and the assumptions required for its proof, are in no way necessary for the present theory.  It is given chiefly to lend a certain plausibility to some of our later definitions. The real justification of these definitions, however, will reside in their implications. Quantities of the form H="summation of" pi log pi (the constant K merely amounts to a choice of a unit of measure) play a central role in information theory as measures of information, choice and uncertainty.

The quantity H has a number of interesting properties which further substantiate it as a reasonable measure of choice or information.

1. H==0 if and only if all the pi but one are zero, this one having the value unity. Thus only when we are certain of the outcome does H vanish. Otherwise H is positive.
2. For a given n, H is a maximum and equal to logn when all the pi are equal (i.e., 1n). This is also intuitively the most uncertain situation.

Consider a discrete source of the finite state type considered above. For each possible state i there will be a set of probabilities pi( j) of producing the various possible symbols j. Thus there is an entropy Hi for each state."

To provide a better understanding of the importance of Shannon's work I provide the linked article entitled: "Without Claude Shannon's information theory there would have been no Internet" (see also the associated fourth attached image).

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jun/22/shannon-information-theory (https://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jun/22/shannon-information-theory)

Extract: "Shannon showed the true power of these bits, however, by putting them into a mathematical framework. His equation defines a quantity, H, which is known as Shannon entropy and can be thought of as a measure of the information in a message, measured in bits.

In a message, the probability of a particular symbol (represented by "x") turning up is denoted by p(x). The right hand side of the equation above sums up the probabilities of the full range of symbols that might turn up in a message, weighted by the number of bits needed to represent that value of x, a term given by logp(x). (A logarithm is the reverse process of raising something to a power – we say that the logarithm of 1000 to base 10 – written log10(1000) – is 3, because 103=1000.)

A coin toss, for example, has two possible outcomes (or symbols) – x could be heads or tails. Each outcome has a 50% probability of occurring and, in this instance, p(heads) and p(tails) are each ½. Shannon's theory uses base 2 for its logarithms and log2(½) is -1. That gives us a total information content in flipping a coin, a value for H, of 1 bit. Once a coin toss has been completed, we have gained one bit of information or, rather, reduced our uncertainty by one bit.
A single character taken from an alphabet of 27 has around 4.76 bits of information – in other words log2(1/27) – because each character either is or is not a particular letter of that alphabet. Because there are 27 of these binary possibilities, the probability of each is 1/27. This is a basic description of a basic English alphabet (26 characters and a space), if each character was equally likely to turn up in a message. By this calculation, messages in English need bandwidth for storage or transmission equal to the number of characters multiplied by 4.76.

But we know that, in English, each character does not appear equally. A "u" usually follows a "q" and "e" is more common than "z". Take these statistical details into account and it is possible to reduce the H value for English characters to less than one bit. Which is useful if you want to speed up comms or take up less space on a hard disk."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 21, 2016, 03:07:10 AM
The linked article is entitled: "How to Avoid Stephen Hawking's Dark Prediction for Humanity"; and the article speculates that the probability whether we whether we survive as a race or not, is not something to be calculated "… but is a choice to be made".

http://www.livescience.com/56926-stephen-hawking-humanity-extinct-1000-years.html (http://www.livescience.com/56926-stephen-hawking-humanity-extinct-1000-years.html)

Extract: "Stephen Hawking thinks humanity has only 1,000 years left of survival on Earth and that our species needs to colonize other planets.

"While I respect Stephen Hawking enormously, speculating on how long Homo sapiens will survive before extinction is foolish," said John Sterman, director of the MIT Sloan Sustainability Initiative. "Whether we survive and thrive or descend into chaos is not something to predict or lay odds on, but a choice to be made.""

However, as I have noted previously in this thread the Buddha indicated that the first Noble Truth is that suffering exists and that we suffer because of both ignorance, aversion and clinging/addiction.  However, the second linked article indicates that addiction in America is increasing not because of our flawed characters but because of our collective mental illness. 

http://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/78-people-die-day-opioid-overdose-surgeon-general-says-landmark-n685366 (http://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/78-people-die-day-opioid-overdose-surgeon-general-says-landmark-n685366)

Extract: "Addiction is taking a stunning toll on America and must not be thought of as a "character flaw," the U.S. surgeon general said in a landmark report published Thursday."

Therefore, if we collective are going to choose to avoid human extinction, we had better start working on over-coming our collective mental illness by learning to face the reality of the evolved free-will information universe that we all live in.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 21, 2016, 08:32:29 PM
The first linked reference reports an experimentally observed violation of the Born rule; which may provide evidence for a theory of quantum gravity and a holographic universe.

James Q. Quach (2016), "Which-way double slit experiments and Born rule violation"


https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.06401v1 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.06401v1)
&
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.06401v1.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.06401v1.pdf)


Abstract: "The double-slit experiment is used as the archetypal interference experiment to dramatically demonstrate the quantum weirdness of wave-particle duality. It is a long-held assumption that whether which-way detectors are placed at one slit or both will yield the same results, rendering the second detector redundant. Here we show that the presence of the second detector can have measurable effects on the interference pattern, violating this assumption. We show that this effect forms the basis for a new measure of Born rule violation which is correct to all orders. It opens new experimental opportunities for the accurate testing of the Born rule."

See also:
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23230983-200-classic-quantum-experiment-could-conceal-theory-of-everything/ (https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23230983-200-classic-quantum-experiment-could-conceal-theory-of-everything/)
Extract: "Quach shows that if you account for interference between all three paths, the probabilities will be different from what the Born rule predicts …"




Such finding indicate that scientists have an incomplete understanding of probability and thus I again note that: "… Khrennikov (2016), cited in Reply #141, QBism is a subpart of Science Bayesism, SB, which are both subjective, with QBism treating Born's rule as a quantum generalization of the formula of total probability (FTP)

Extract: "QBism refers to the irreducible role of a mental element in decision making about the outcomes of quantum experiments.

Thus QBism is just a part of de Finetti’s SBism (where ‘S’ is from ‘Science’). Another good source on interrelation of QBism and CBism (the latter is about the private agent perspective for classical physics) is Mermin’s paper.

QBists treat Born’s rule as quantum generalization of FTP. We remind that classical FTP functionally connects the probability distribution of one observable, say A, with probability distribution of another observable, say B, by using the conditional probabilities p(B|A) …"

Thus QBism (and SBism) appear(s) to be related to the "Constructor Theory of Probability" presented in the linked reference & following discussion article.  All of these findings support HIOTTOE:

Chiara Marletto. "Constructor theory of probability." Proceedings of The Royal Society A. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2015.0883

http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/472/2192/20150883 (http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/472/2192/20150883)
&
https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf (https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03287.pdf)


Extract: "Unitary quantum theory, having no Born Rule, is non-probabilistic.""

Finally, I conclude this post by reiterating that in an evolved free-will information universe (such as proposed by HIOTTOE), egotistical choice is an illusion and probabilities of events occurring is a function of the evolved information network, which is in-turn a function of the effort/work undertaken by the free-will dimples.  This is consideration of the nature of probabilities in an evolved information network is "… discussed in the second linked Wikipedia article on Gausian adaption) to the physical parameters that resulted from the self-organization of such a free will network.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_algorithm (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_algorithm)


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_adaptation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaussian_adaptation)

Extract: “Gaussian adaptation as an evolutionary model of the brain obeying the Hebbian theory of associative learning offers an alternative view of free will due to the ability of the process to maximize the mean fitness of signal patterns in the brain by climbing a mental landscape in analogy with phenotypic evolution.

Such a random process gives us lots of freedom of choice, but hardly any will. An illusion of will may, however, emanate from the ability of the process to maximize mean fitness, making the process goal seeking. I. e., it prefers higher peaks in the landscape prior to lower, or better alternatives prior to worse. In this way an illusive will may appear. A similar view has been given by Zohar 1990. See also Kjellström 1999.
...

The efficiency of Gaussian adaptation relies on the theory of information due to Claude E. Shannon (see information content). When an event occurs with probability P, then the information −log(P) may be achieved. For instance, if the mean fitness is P, the information gained for each individual selected for survival will be −log(P) – on the average - and the work/time needed to get the information is proportional to 1/P. Thus, if efficiency, E, is defined as information divided by the work/time needed to get it we have:

E = −P log(P).

This function attains its maximum when P = 1/e = 0.37.

A point of view that also may be of interest in this context is that no definition of information (other than that sampled points inside some region of acceptability gives information about the extension of the region) is needed for the proof of the theorem. Then, because, the formula may be interpreted as information divided by the work needed to get the information, this is also an indication that −log(P) is a good candidate for being a measure of information. “"

See also the attached plot from Shannon (1948)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 22, 2016, 01:30:13 AM
The linked article is entitled: “NASA Team Claims 'Impossible Space Engine Works – Get the Facts”.  The authors of the peer reviewed paper propose that their findings may support the pilot-wave theory.


http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/11/nasa-impossible-emdrive-physics-peer-review-space-science/ (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/11/nasa-impossible-emdrive-physics-peer-review-space-science/)


Edit: For background on the modern version of the pilot-wave theory see:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Broglie%E2%80%93Bohm_theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Broglie%E2%80%93Bohm_theory)

Extract: “The de Broglie–Bohm theory, also known as the pilot-wave theory, Bohmian mechanics, the Bohm or Bohm's interpretation, and the causal interpretation, is an interpretation of quantum theory. In addition to a wavefunction on the space of all possible configurations, it also postulates an actual configuration that exists even when unobserved. The evolution over time of the configuration (that is, the positions of all particles or the configuration of all fields) is defined by the wave function via a guiding equation. The evolution of the wave function over time is given by Schrödinger's equation. The theory is named after Louis de Broglie (1892–1987), and David Bohm (1917–1992).

The theory is deterministic and explicitly nonlocal: the velocity of any one particle depends on the value of the guiding equation, which depends on the configuration of the system given by its wavefunction; the latter depends on the boundary conditions of the system, which in principle may be the entire universe.

The theory results in a measurement formalism, analogous to thermodynamics for classical mechanics, that yields the standard quantum formalism generally associated with the Copenhagen interpretation. The theory's explicit non-locality resolves the "measurement problem", which is conventionally delegated to the topic of interpretations of quantum mechanics in the Copenhagen interpretation. The Born rule in Broglie–Bohm theory is not a basic law. Rather, in this theory the link between the probability density and the wave function.”

See also the Wired article entitled: “New Evidence Could Overthrow the Standard View of Quantum Mechanics”:

https://www.wired.com/2016/05/new-support-alternative-quantum-view/ (https://www.wired.com/2016/05/new-support-alternative-quantum-view/)


Edit: If it is not clear in HIOTTOE the evolved free-will information network eliminates the need for a pilot-wave, while manifesting much of the same perceptions of the observed universe.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 23, 2016, 08:13:14 PM
I have made many posts on the fact that the majority of decision makers (which is anyone who chooses to take personal responsibility) are seriously underestimating the risks of our current global situation, and are particularly underestimating climate change related risks.  In the first linked article George Lakoff explains that "we are neural beings" and that 98% of our thoughts are unconscious and dominated by the use of metaphors.  Lakoff then explains how the media (and progressives) are easily tripped-up and manipulated by conservatives who excel at using the logic of frames, metaphors and narratives to dominate public perceptions and associated emotional decision making


http://aminotes.tumblr.com/post/7191027430/george-lakoff-on-metaphors-explanatory-journalism (http://aminotes.tumblr.com/post/7191027430/george-lakoff-on-metaphors-explanatory-journalism)

Extract: "“Metaphor is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are “metaphors we live by”—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. (…)
We are neural beings, (…) our brains take their input from the rest of our bodies. What our bodies are like and how they function in the world thus structures the very concepts we can use to think. We cannot think just anything – only what our embodied brains permit. (…)
The mind is inherently embodied. Thought is mostly unconscious. Abstract concepts are largely metaphorical.”
"For Lakoff, language is not a neutral system of communication, because it is always based on frames, conceptual metaphors, narratives, and emotions. Political thought and language is inherently moral and emotional. (…)
The way people really reason — Real Rationality — coming new understandings of the brain—something that up-to-date marketers have already done. Enlightenment reason, we now know, was a false theory of rationality.
“Most thought is unconscious. It doesn’t work by mathematical logic. You can’t reason directly about the world—because you can only conceptual what your brain and body allow, and because ideas are structured using frames.” Lakoff says. “As Charles Fillmore has shown, all words are defined in terms of conceptual frames, not in terms of some putative objective, mind-free world.”
“People really reason using the logic of frames, metaphors, and narratives, and real decision making requires emotion, as Antonio Damasio showed in Descartes’ Error.”
“A lot of reason does not serve self interest, but is rather about empathizing with and connecting to others.”
People Don’t Decide Using ‘Just the Facts’
Contemporary explanatory journalism, in particular, is prone to the false belief that if the facts are presented to people clearly enough, they will accept and act upon them, Lakoff says. “In the ‘marketplace of ideas’ theory, that the best factually based logical argument will always win. But this doesn’t actually happen.”
“Journalists always wonder, ‘We’ve reported on all the arguments, why do people vote wrong?’” Lakoff says. “They’ve missed the main event.”
Many journalists think that “framing” a story or issue is “just about choices of words and manipulation,” and that one can report factually and neutrally without framing. But language itself isn’t neutral. If you study the way the brain processes language, Lakoff says, “every word is defined with respect to frames. You’re framing all the time.” Morality and emotion are already embedded in the way people think and the way people perceive certain words—and most of this processing happens unconsciously. “You can only learn things that fit in with what your brain will allow,” Lakoff says.
A recent example? The unhappy phrase “public option.”
“When you say public, it means ‘government’ to conservatives,” Lakoff explains. “When you say ‘option,’ it means two things: it’s not necessary, it’s just an ‘option,’ and secondly it’s a public policy term, a bureaucratic term. To conservatives, ‘public option’ means government bureaucracy, the very worst thing you could have named this. They could have called it the America Plan. They could have called it doctor-patient care.”
According to Lakoff, because of the conservative success in shaping public discourse through their elaborate communication system, the most commonly used words often have been given a conservative meaning. “Tax relief,” for example, suggests that taxation is an affliction to be relieved.
Don’t Repeat the Language Politicians Use: Decode It
Instead of simply adopting the language politicians use to frame an issue, Lakoff argues, journalists need to analyze the language political figures use and explain the moral content of particular words and arguments.
That means, for example, not just quoting a politician about whether a certain policy infringes or supports American “liberty,” but explaining what he or she means by “liberty,” how this conception of liberty fits into the politician’s overall moral outlook, and how it contrasts with other conceptions of liberty.
It also means spelling out the full implications of the metaphors politicians choose. In the recent coverage of health care reform, Lakoff says, one of the “hidden metaphors” that needed to be explored was whether politicians we’re talking about healthcare as a commodity or as a necessity and a right.

A Dictionary of the Real Meanings of Words
What would a nonpartisan explanatory journalism be like? To make nonpartisan decoding easier, Lakoff thinks journalists should create an online dictionary of the different meanings of words—“ not just a glossary, but a little Wikipedia-like website,” as he puts it. This site would have entries to explain the differences between the moral frameworks of conservatives and progressives, and what they each typically mean when they say words like “freedom.” Journalists across the country could link to the site whenever they sensed a contested word.
A project like this would generate plenty of resistance, Lakoff acknowledges. “What that says is most people don’t know what they think. That’s extremely scary…the public doesn’t want to be told, ‘You don’t know what you think.’” The fact is that about 98 percent of thought is unconscious.”
But, he says, people are also grateful when they’re told what’s really going on, and why political figures reason as they do. He would like to see a weekly column in the New York Times and other newspapers decoding language and framing, and analyzing what can and cannot be said politically, and he’d also like to see cognitive science and the study of framing added to journalism school curricula.
Ditch Objectivity, Balance, and ‘The Center ‘
Lakoff has two further sets of advice for improving explanatory journalism. The first is to ditch journalism’s emphasis on balance. Global warming and evolution are real. Unscientific views are not needed for “balance.”

What Works In the Brain: Narrative & Metaphor
As for creating Explanatory Journalism that resonates with the way people process information, Lakoff suggested two familiar tools: narrative and metaphor.
The trick to finding the right metaphors for complicated systems, he said, is to figure out what metaphors the experts themselves use in the way they think. “Complex policy is usually understood metaphorically by people in the field,” Lakoff says. What’s crucial is learning how to distinguish the useful frames from the distorting or overly-simplistic ones.
As for explaining policy, Lakoff says, “the problem with this is that policy is made in a way that is not understandable…Communication is always seen as last, as the tail on the dog, whereas if you have a policy that people don’t understand, you’re going to lose. What’s the point of trying to get support for a major health care reform if no one understands it?”
One of the central problems with policy, Lakoff says, is that policy-makers tend to take their moral positions so much for granted that the policies they develop seem to them like the “merely practical” things to do.
Journalists need to restore the real context of policy, Lakoff says, by trying “to get people in the government and policy-makers in the think tanks to understand and talk about what the moral basis of their policy is, and to do this in terms that are understandable.”"


I also note that in the second linked article (focused on understanding Trump, see also Reply #170) Lakoff explains that conservatives publicize well-known (but otherwise infrequent/"left-tailed") examples of cases that suit their objectives to bias public perception in their favor.  Unfortunately, science (and progressives) inherently underplay the importance of examples of "right-tailed" PDF cases that could be used to balance the risks that the conservative bias is creating:


https://georgelakoff.com/2016/07/23/understanding-trump-2/ (https://georgelakoff.com/2016/07/23/understanding-trump-2/)


Extract: "Well-known examples: When a well-publicized disaster happens, the coverage activates the framing of it over and over, strengthening it, and increasing the probability that the framing will occur easily with high probability. Repeating examples of shootings by Muslims, African-Americans, and Latinos raises fears that it could happen to you and your community — despite the miniscule actual probability. Trump uses this to create fear. Fear tends to activate desire for a strong strict father — namely, Trump."

The first attached image indicates that science is fundamentally a moral enterprise as it follows the moral imperative to seek the truth; and I note that the scientism adopted by the IPCC in their climate change Assessment Report abdicates responsibility to pursue the whole truth.  The second image emphasizes that we use neural brains that have internalized patterns/metaphors based on bodies interaction with the world; & I note that if we are going to deal with the real risks of the world that we now live in we need to accept the ways that our minds have been pre-programmed.  The third image indicates that people's thought, action and language are dominated by metaphors; thus you should be aware that AI programmers are keenly aware of this fact and are training their programs to deal with people at this metaphorical level.  The fourth image presents Lakoff's Paradox as to why progressive fail, when they win the first three bullet points because they trip over the last bullet point of how to communicate important messages metaphorically.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 24, 2016, 12:00:38 AM
The linked reference & associate Wired article extend some of the concepts discussed in Reply #137:

Dmitriy Podolskiy & Robert Lanza (26 September 2016), "On decoherence in quantum gravity", Annalen der Physik, Volume 528, Issue 9-10, Pages 663–676, DOI: 10.1002/andp.201600011


http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/andp.201600011/full (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/andp.201600011/full)

Abstract: "It was previously argued that the phenomenon of quantum gravitational decoherence described by the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is responsible for the emergence of the arrow of time. Here we show that the characteristic spatio-temporal scales of quantum gravitational decoherence are typically logarithmically larger than a characteristic curvature radius R-1/2 of the background space-time. This largeness is a direct consequence of the fact that gravity is a non-renormalizable theory, and the corresponding effective field theory is nearly decoupled from matter degrees of freedom in the physical limit MP goes to infinity. Therefore, as such, quantum gravitational decoherence is too ineffective to guarantee the emergence of the arrow of time and the “quantum-to-classical” transition to happen at scales of physical interest. We argue that the emergence of the arrow of time is directly related to the nature and properties of physical observer."



See also the article entitled: "Time Might Only Exist in Your Head. And Everyone Else's".

https://www.wired.com/2016/09/arrow-of-time/ (https://www.wired.com/2016/09/arrow-of-time/)




Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 26, 2016, 11:08:58 PM
The first linked reference & associated article indicates that it is now practicable to test whether the speed of light is variable:

Niayesh Afshordi and João Magueijo (Nov 18 2016), “Critical geometry of a thermal big bang”,  Phys. Rev. D 94, 101301(R), DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.94.101301


http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.94.101301 (http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.94.101301)


Abstract: “We explore the space of scalar-tensor theories containing two nonconformal metrics, and find a discontinuity pointing to a “critical” cosmological solution. Due to the different maximal speeds of propagation for matter and gravity, the cosmological fluctuations start off inside the horizon even without inflation, and will more naturally have a thermal origin (since there is never vacuum domination). The critical model makes an unambiguous, nontuned prediction for the spectral index of the scalar fluctuations: nS=0.96478(64). Considering also that no gravitational waves are produced, we have unveiled the most predictive model on offer. The model has a simple geometrical interpretation as a probe 3-brane embedded in an EAdS2×E3 geometry. “


The associated linked article is entitled: “SCIENTISTS ARE READY TO CHALLENGE EINSTEIN'S PHYSICS”


http://www.i4u.com/2016/11/118114/scientists-are-ready-challenge-einsteins-physics (http://www.i4u.com/2016/11/118114/scientists-are-ready-challenge-einsteins-physics)


Extract: “The physicists have employed a heuristic to put a numerical value on this spectral index. This was all published in a journal recently. The prediction will soon be put to the test too.

The figure amounts to 0.96478. This is very near the cosmic microwave background. There is a slight margin of error here though. This theory, which was introduced in the late 90s, has currently achieved calibration. Now finally the prediction could be tested in reality. 

The fact that the speed of light could be variable shows that the laws of nature are not the same everywhere in the mysterious cosmos. “


See also the related second reference:

Moffat, J.W.  (March 9, 2016)“Variable speed of light cosmology, primordial fluctuations and gravitational waves”, Eur. Phys. J. C 76: 130. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3971-6


http://link.springer.com/article/10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3971-6 (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-3971-6)

Abstract: “A variable speed of light (VSL) cosmology is described in which the causal mechanism of generating primordial perturbations is achieved by varying the speed of light in a primordial epoch. This yields an alternative to inflation for explaining the formation of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and the large scale structure (LSS) of the universe. The initial value horizon and flatness problems in cosmology are solved. The model predicts primordial scalar and tensor fluctuation spectral indices ns=0.96ns=0.96 and nt=−0.04nt=−0.04, respectively. We make use of the δNδN formalism to identify signatures of primordial nonlinear fluctuations, and this allows the VSL model to be distinguished from inflationary models. In particular, we find that the parameter fNL=5fNL=5 in the variable speed of light cosmology. The value of the parameter gNLgNLevolves during the primordial era and shows a running behavior.”

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 26, 2016, 11:13:09 PM
The linked reference, presented in the framework of Shape Dynamics present Newton's constant and the cosmological constant as a conjugate pair of dynamical variables:

Lee Smolin (30 December 2015), “Dynamics of the cosmological and Newton's constant”, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Volume 33, Number 2


http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0264-9381/33/2/025011/meta (http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0264-9381/33/2/025011/meta)


Abstract: “A modification of general relativity is presented in which Newton's constant, G, and the cosmological constant, Λ, become a conjugate pair of dynamical variables. These are functions of a global time, hence the theory is presented in the framework of shape dynamics, which trades many-fingered time for a local scale invariance and an overall reparametrization of the global time. As a result, due to the fact that these global dynamical variables are canonically conjugate, the field equations are consistent. The theory predicts a relationship with no free parameters between the rates of change of Newton's constant and the cosmological constant, in terms of the spatial average of the matter Lagrangian density.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 27, 2016, 07:16:02 PM
The linked article entitled: "Gravity may have chased light in the early universe", elaborates on my last two posts.  Further, in an evolving holographic universe, one would expect fundamental parameters to vary:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2113797-gravity-may-have-chased-light-in-the-early-universe/ (https://www.newscientist.com/article/2113797-gravity-may-have-chased-light-in-the-early-universe/)

Extract: " What really excites Magueijo about the idea is that it makes a specific prediction about the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This radiation, which fills the universe, was created shortly after the big bang and contains a “fossilised” imprint of the conditions of the universe.
In Magueijo and Afshordi’s model, certain details about the CMB reflect the way the speed of light and the speed of gravity vary as the temperature of the universe changes. They found that there was an abrupt change at a certain point, when the ratio of the speeds of light and gravity rapidly went to infinity.
This fixes a value called the spectral index, which describes the initial density ripples in the universe, at 0.96478 – a value that can be checked against future measurements. The latest figure, reported by the CMB-mapping Planck satellite in 2015, place the spectral index at about 0.968, which is tantalisingly close.
If more data reveals a mismatch, the theory can be discarded. “That would be great – I won’t have to think about these theories again,” Magueijo says. “This whole class of theories in which the speed of light varies with respect to the speed of gravity will be ruled out.”
But no measurement will rule out inflation entirely, because it doesn’t make specific predictions. “There is a huge space of possible inflationary theories, which makes testing the basic idea very difficult,” says Peter Coles at Cardiff University, UK. “It’s like nailing jelly to the wall.”
That makes it all the more important to explore alternatives like varying light speeds, he adds.
John Webb of the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, has worked for many years on the idea that constants may vary, and is “very impressed” by Magueijo and Afshordi’s prediction. “A testable theory is a good theory,” he says.
The implications could be profound. Physicists have long known there is a mismatch in the way the universe operates on its smallest scales and at its highest energies, and have sought a theory of quantum gravity to unite them. If there is a good fit between Magueijo’s theory and observations, it could bridge this gap, adding to our understanding of the universe’s first moments.
“We have a model of the universe that embraces the idea there must be new physics at some point,” Magueijo says. “It’s complicated, obviously, but I think ultimately there will be a way of informing quantum gravity from this kind of cosmology.”"



See also:

http://qz.com/846498/the-speed-of-light-is-constant-physicists-plan-to-test-a-new-theory-that-questions-einsteins-assumptions/ (http://qz.com/846498/the-speed-of-light-is-constant-physicists-plan-to-test-a-new-theory-that-questions-einsteins-assumptions/)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on November 27, 2016, 07:30:48 PM
Continuing with my recent theme of providing evidence that the holographic universe evolves; the linked reference Erik Velinde argues that not only is gravity an emergent property of the universe but also that mysterious particles of "dark matter" do not exist.  Instead the reference argues that the universe evolves cosmologically.

Erik Velinde (Nov 8, 2016), "Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe"

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.02269v2.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.02269v2.pdf)

Abstract: "Recent theoretical progress indicates that spacetime and gravity emerge together from the entanglement structure of an underlying microscopic theory. These ideas are best understood in Anti-de Sitter space, where they rely on the area law for entanglement entropy. The extension to de Sitter space requires taking into account the entropy and temperature associated with the cosmological horizon. Using insights from string theory, black hole physics and quantum information theory we argue that the positive dark energy leads to a thermal volume law contribution to the entropy that overtakes the area law precisely at the cosmological horizon. Due to the competition between area and volume law entanglement the microscopic de Sitter states do not thermalise at sub-Hubble scales: they exhibit memory effects in the form of an entropy displacement caused by matter. The emergent laws of gravity contain an additional `dark' gravitational force describing the `elastic' response due to the entropy displacement. We derive an estimate of the strength of this extra force in terms of the baryonic mass, Newton's constant and the Hubble acceleration scale a0 = cH0, and pro- vide evidence for the fact that this additional `dark gravity force' explains the observed phenomena in galaxies and clusters currently attributed to dark matter."

See also the linked article is entitled: "Remarkable New Theory Says There's No Gravity, No Dark Matter, and Einstein Was Wrong".

http://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/remarkable-new-theory-says-theres-no-gravity-no-dark-matter-and-einstein-was-wrong (http://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/remarkable-new-theory-says-theres-no-gravity-no-dark-matter-and-einstein-was-wrong)

Extract: "… Professor Erik Verlinde, an expert in string theory from the University of Amsterdam and the Delta Institute of Theoretical Physics, thinks that gravity is not a fundamental force of nature because it's not always there. Instead it’s “emergent” - coming into existence from changes in microscopic bits of information in the structure of spacetime.

Verlinde first articulated this groundbreaking theory in his 2010 paper, which took on the laws of Newton and argued that gravity is “an entropic force caused by changes in the information associated with the positions of material bodies”.  He famously stated then that "gravity is an illusion," elaborating further that: "Well, of course gravity is not an illusion in the sense that we know that things fall. Most people, certainly in physics, think we can describe gravity perfectly adequately using Einstein’s General Relativity. But it now seems that we can also start from a microscopic formulation where there is no gravity to begin with, but you can derive it. This is called ‘emergence’."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 01, 2016, 11:26:19 PM
When I started posting I did not fully comprehend just how serious our current situation had become; but after 10,000 posts (out of the current total of ~94,100 posts on the forum), I am beginning to get the picture.  Certainly, when I started posting here in 2012, I realized that it was serious enough to assume the moniker of "AbruptSLR" and so that 80 to 90% of my posts are on this general topic.

I thought about summarizing some of the key points from those 10,000 posts, but the range of topics seemed too unfocused, so instead I decided to repost the following four images that caught my eye:

The first image shows that using projections from recently identified paleo values for climate sensitivity, we may be on track to exceed a 7C raise above pre-industrial global mean temperature by 2100 (I note that as we are currently forcing Earth Systems at least ten to one hundred times faster than the evaluated paleo conditions, these effective climate sensitivity estimates may ESLD).  Certainly, having Donald Trump elected president of the USA increases the probability that anthropogenic radiative forcing will follow a BAU pathway for decades to come.

The second image shows DeConto's 2016 projections for WAIS contribution to sea level rise following either a scenario that keeps us below a 2C GMST raise and one that has us exceeding a 2.7C GMST raise this century (I note that DeConto did not consider high climate sensitivity).

The third image shows Hansen's projections of changes in both global surface air temperature anomalies and changes in global energy imbalance for a relatively high radiative forcing scenario and the indicated ice sheet mass loss scenarios.

Finally, for those who do not see the value in facing the truth of current situation, I note that until one acknowledges the first noble truth that suffering exists, one cannot find one's way out of that suffering (see the fourth attached image, and remember that with the coming of the technological singularity, & the 4th Industrial Revolution, AI will be interfacing with humans in new and unexpected ways).

Hopefully, those who make it through the coming socio-economic-environmental transition (i.e. those who manage to avoid winning a Darwin Award) will show some resolve to be kinder to each other.

Some (including Bill Clinton) feel that when one presents evidence of the magnitude of the coming climate impacts that one must also present solutions to the current climate challenges like: carbon taxes, legal actions, technological solutions, reductions in population/consumption, divestments, boycotts, etc.; however, these only work when accompanied by human willpower.

So good luck & all the best to you and yours,

AbruptSLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on December 02, 2016, 12:30:42 AM
I'm sure this is the last thing on your mind when you got started but congratulations for achieving Emperor level. I doubt anyone other than Sigmetnow will ever reach 10,000 posts!
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 02, 2016, 02:40:48 AM
I'm sure this is the last thing on your mind when you got started but congratulations for achieving Emperor level. I doubt anyone other than Sigmetnow will ever reach 10,000 posts!

budmantis,

Thank you, and yes it was the last thing on my mind; & thanks for your posts also, as I am always learning.

Best,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 03, 2016, 05:07:41 PM
In many different threads, I have frequently posted about "wicked problems" that too complex for conventional models to solve rigorously (e.g. see Reply # 134 and search for that term to find other posts).  This class of problems include climate change, human behavior, AI and consciousness in a free-will information network.  Depending on the complexity (or wickedness) of such problems, solutions to such problems may be uncalculatable in reasonable timespan and thus require alternate approximate approaches/strategies such as those discussed in the following Wikipedia article focused on social policy planning:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wicked_problem (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wicked_problem)

However, science has advanced sense C. West Churchman introduced the term "wick problem", and this post focuses on how chaos theory, strange attractors, information networks and energy landscapes can be used to create and calibrate alternate models for wick problems (including better understanding how systemic isolation leads to a lack of human willpower to effective tackle climate change)

The first linked article is entitled: "A mathematical view on personality"; and it introduces the concept of how attractors can be used to model the human psyche within a network (including the use of energy landscape concepts).

http://blogs.plos.org/neuro/2016/03/21/a-mathematical-view-on-personality-by-solve-saebo/ (http://blogs.plos.org/neuro/2016/03/21/a-mathematical-view-on-personality-by-solve-saebo/)


Extract: "Interestingly, more diffuse properties of the human psyche, like personality (Van Eenwyk, 1997) and consciousness (Tononi, 2004) may, in fact, be connected to mathematical properties of networks, and in this post I will focus on what mathematics can teach us about these matters.

In mathematics there are complex models for information transfer across networks called attractor networks, and the neural network of our brain appears to be well approximated by these models

Attractor networks are built from nodes (for example neurons) which typically are recurrently linked (loops) with edges (like synaptic connections), and the dynamics of the network tend to stabilize at least locally to certain patterns. These stable patterns are the attractors. For example, a memory stored in long time memory may be considered as a so-called point attractor, a subnetwork of strongly connected neurons.

The point attractors are low-energy states in an energy landscape with surrounding basins of attraction, much like hillsides surrounding the bottom of a valley, as shown in the figure below. {see the first attached image}

Also other types of mathematical attractors exist, like line-, plane- and cyclic attractors, and these have been used to explain neural responses like eye-vision control and cyclic motor control, like walking and chewing (Eliasmith, 2005).
Common to these attractors are their stability and predictability, and this is good with regard to having stable memory and stable bodily control, but what about personality? Is personality also an attractor? Do we all have our basins of attraction, which pulls our personality towards stable behavior?

Probably yes, but if you think about it, personality is a more unpredictable property than memory and body control. We think we know someone, and the suddenly they behave in an unexpected manner. Still, the overall personality seems to be more or less stable. How can something be both stable and unpredictable at the same time?

Well there is another class of attractors that may occur in attractor networks. These are the strange (or chaotic) attractors, and they are exactly that, partly stable and partly unpredictable. We say they are bounded, but non-repeating.

A famous example is the Lorenz attractor discovered by Edward Lorenz while he was programming his “weather machine” where typical weather patterns appeared, but never repeated themselves. In the figure below {see the second attached image} the blue curve is pulled towards the red strange attractor state, and once it enters the attractor, it is bound to follow a certain pattern, though it never repeats itself.

The discovery of strange attractors led to the development of chaos theory and fractal geometry in mathematics. Many phenomena around us may develop smoothly in linear predictable fashions until a certain border is reached, at which point a chaotic state appears before a new order may be settled."


The second linked reference cites the development of a dissipative strange attractor that coexists with an invariant conservative torus that can be used to better model brain dynamics.

Artuor Tozzi and James F. Peters (2016), "TOWARDS EQUATIONS FOR BRAIN DYNAMICS AND THE CONCEPT OF EXTENDED CONNECTOME"

http://rxiv.org/pdf/1609.0045v1.pdf (http://rxiv.org/pdf/1609.0045v1.pdf)

Abstract: "The brain is a system at the edge of chaos equipped with nonlinear dynamics and functional energetic landscapes.  However, still doubts exist concerning the type of attractors or the trajectories followed by particles in the nervous phase space. Starting from an unusual system governed by differential equations in which a dissipative strange attractor coexists with an invariant conservative torus, we developed a 3D model of brain phase space which has the potential to be operationalized and assessed empirically. We achieved a system displaying both a torus and a strange attractor, depending just on the initial conditions. Further, the system generates a funnel-like attractor equipped with a fractal structure. Changes in three easily detectable brain phase parameters (log frequency, excitatory/inhibitory ratio and fractal slope) lead to modifications in funnel’s breadth or in torus/attractor superimposition: it explains a large repertoire of brain functions and activities, such as sensations/perceptions, memory and self-generated thoughts."

Extract: "Starting from the unusual Sprott’s system of ODEs, we built a system equipped with both a conservative torus and a dissipative strange attractor. When a moving particle starts its trajectory from a given position x,y,z in the 3D nervous phase space, we may predict whether it will fall in the torus or into the strange attractor. The funnel shape is fractal, and not just a simple fixed-point attractor. A narrower funnel means that the trajectory is constrained towards a small zone of the phase space. When the two structures are closely superimposed, we might hypothesize a state of phase transition at the edge of the chaos, equipped with high symmetry, in which it is difficult to evaluate every single initial position: a slightly change in the starting point could indeed lead to completely different outcomes. When the torus and the strange attractor are clearly splitted, a single starting point gives rise to a sharp outcome. It means that in the latter case, the two conformations are neatly separated, as if the system went out of phase transition and a symmetry breaking occurred."

The third linked reference develops the concept of an attractor network to better understand how to calibrate nonlinear dynamical networks.
Wang et al (2016), "A geometrical approach to control and controllability of nonlinear dynamical networks", Nature communications 7, Article No. 11323, doi: 10.1038/ncomms11323.


http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms11323 (http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms11323)


The fourth linked reference and the associated fifth linked article, discuss a new efficient Monte Carlo method that can be used to more efficiently find solutions to models of wick problems:

Stefano Martiniani et al. Structural analysis of high-dimensional basins of attraction, Physical Review E (2016). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.94.031301


http://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.031301 (http://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.031301)

Abstract: "We propose an efficient Monte Carlo method for the computation of the volumes of high-dimensional bodies with arbitrary shape. We start with a region of known volume within the interior of the manifold and then use the multistate Bennett acceptance-ratio method to compute the dimensionless free-energy difference between a series of equilibrium simulations performed within this object. The method produces results that are in excellent agreement with thermodynamic integration, as well as a direct estimate of the associated statistical uncertainties. The histogram method also allows us to directly obtain an estimate of the interior radial probability density profile, thus yielding useful insight into the structural properties of such a high-dimensional body. We illustrate the method by analyzing the effect of structural disorder on the basins of attraction of mechanically stable packings of soft repulsive spheres."


The linked article is entitled: "New method for making effective calculations in 'high-dimensional space'".

http://phys.org/news/2016-10-method-effective-high-dimensional-space.html (http://phys.org/news/2016-10-method-effective-high-dimensional-space.html)


Extract: " Researchers have developed a new method for making effective calculations in "high-dimensional space" – and proved its worth by using it to solve a 93-dimensional problem.


Those include, for example, trying to model the likely shape and impact of a decaying ecosystem, such as a developing area of deforestation, or the potential effect of different levels of demand on a power grid.


"There is a very large class of problems that can be solved through the sort of approach that we have devised," Martiniani said. "It opens up a whole world of possibilities in the study of things like dynamical systems, chemical structure prediction, or artificial neural networks."


The set of initial conditions leading to this stable state is called a "basin of attraction". The fundamental theory is that, if the volume of each basin of attraction can be calculated, then this begins to provide some sort of indication of the probability of a given state's occurrence."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 07, 2016, 04:33:03 PM
The linked article discusses new finding about dark matter that indicates that the universe evolved differently than conventional models predict; which leaves room open for a Holographic Universe and/or HIOTTOE:

http://www.space.com/34926-dark-matter-not-so-clumpy.html (http://www.space.com/34926-dark-matter-not-so-clumpy.html)

Extract: "Dark matter, the mysteriously invisible substance that makes up about 27 percent of the mass in the universe, may not be as clumpy as scientists previously thought.

In 2013, researchers with Europe's Planck mission, which studied the oldest light in the universe, found that dark matter has lumped together over time through gravitational attraction. What started out as a smooth and even distribution of dark matter slowly formed dense chunks over time.

But new research at the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory in Chile suggests that dark matter is not quite as clumpy as the Planck mission previously found.

"This latest result indicates that dark matter in the cosmic web, which accounts for about one-quarter of the content of the universe, is less clumpy than we previously believed," Massimo Viola, a researcher at the Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands who co-led in the study, said in a statement.

How dark matter has spread and clumped together since the Big Bang happened 13.8 billion years ago, can provide insights into the evolution of the universe, according to co-author Hendrik Hildebrandt of the Argelander Institute for Astronomy in Bonn, Germany. "Our findings will help to refine our theoretical models of how the universe has grown from its inception up to the present day,"  Hildebrandt said in the same statement."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 07, 2016, 07:11:09 PM
In Reply #203, I noted that there are many different systemic "solutions" to our climate change challenge, but that none of them are effect without the application of appropriate levels of human "will-power".

Therefore, this post provides a very few general steps that can be taken to improve human "will-power" (note that I put "will-power" in quotes because it is an emergent property (see Replies # 193 & #119) that is distinctly different than the "free-will" within a HIOTTOE free-will information network, which is fundamental and not emergent).

The first step to improve will-power is to find motivation, as in realizing the First Noble truth that suffering exists but that there is a way out of suffering:
1. Acknowledge that climate change exists and that consensus science is underestimating it rate of change and the magnitude of risk (probability times consequences) of that change.
2.  Acknowledge that the Earth Systems are currently in an overshoot condition and that some significant global socio-economic suffering is inevitable at this point, and that further delays will result in nonlinearly increasing suffering.
3.  Acknowledge that evolution is real both with regards to life sciences and with regards to the holographic universe.

The second step to improve will-power is to stop doing things that degrade will-power:
1.  Stop ignoring that the fossil fuel industry and crony capitalism are actively working to keep the global socio-economic system on a pre-conditioned BAU pathway.
2.  Stop ignoring that our global market based system promotes materialism/consumption.
3.  Stop relying on socio-economic systems that reduce individual accountability & start investing in information intensive socio-economic systems that enhance individual accountability.


The third step improve will-power is to start doing things that develop will-power:
1. Consider that Faith/Confidence, Wisdom & Energy/Effort are required to make progress.
2. Develop forecasting models to mimic  "Mind – Body" relationship models that use Bayesian methodology to focus on the transient nature of the present to develop true probabilities of reality as opposed to Frequentist/Scientism statistics.
3. Use Artificial Wisdom Evolved, AWE, to overcome systemic isolation by acknowledging the value of the great good.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 14, 2016, 10:16:35 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Predicting unpredictability: Information theory offers new way to read ice cores", and it addresses the reference entitled: "A First Step Toward Quantifying the Climate's Information Production Over the Last 68,000 Years," appeared in Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XV, the proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, Stockholm, Sweden, October 13-15, 2016.

This work demonstrates the value of applying information theory, and permutation entropy, to climate change data analysis.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/12/161206125325.htm (https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/12/161206125325.htm)

Extract: "At two miles long and five inches in diameter, the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide (WAIS) ice core is a tangible record of the last 68,000 years of our planet's climate.
Completed in 2011, the core is packed with information, but it's also packed with noise and error, making the climate story hard to read. Figuring out whether blips in the data are evidence of humans spewing carbon into the atmosphere, odd North Atlantic weather events, or equipment malfunctions often challenges the scientists trying to read the ice cylinder's story.

Drawing from information theory, a research team led by Santa Fe Institute Omidyar Fellow Joshua Garland has proposed new, more sophisticated techniques that promise to make ongoing interpretation of the WAIS core easier and extract new kinds of data that could change the way we think about Earth's climate.

"There is information in these records that we didn't know existed until now, and it has opened doors where we didn't even know there was a door before," says James W.C. White, director of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research and a collaborator on the project.

In information theory, entropy is a measure of the unpredictability of information content. Permutation entropy essentially is a way to quantify the predictability of a future event.

Imagine an isolated climate system, void of game changers like supervolcanos or humans. Everything you'd need to predict the future climate would be contained in Earth's climate history. When game changers arrive, they inject new information that couldn't have been predicted from the climate's past patterns -- and that should manifest as an increase in permutation entropy (i.e., more unpredictability).

In fact, there are early signs in the WAIS record of an entropy increase roughly 10,000 years ago, at the beginning of the Holocene, suggesting human impacts on our climate began well before the Industrial Revolution.

Confirmation of that finding is pending. Meanwhile, Garland and team have already made two other surprising discoveries using their technique. The first concerns Dansgaard-Oeschger events, during which Greenland rapidly warms during glacial periods, triggering ripple effects throughout the world.

Geoscientists hypothesize that these events begin with some kind of external shock. But when Garland and team looked at another core, the North Greenland Ice Core, there didn't appear to be an increase in permutation entropy -- in other words, no external shock -- suggesting the events are likely part of the climate's standard operating procedure."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 19, 2016, 06:24:42 PM
The first linked article is entitled: "World Economic Forum Annual Meeting to Focus on Five Challenges for 2017."  WEF's theme for 2017 (superimposed on top of 2016's on-going theme of the 4th Industrial Revolution) is for "Responsive & Responsible Leadership" to counter the growing international trend towards a multipolar, isolationist, world by focusing on five gravity centers (with 14 Systems initiatives) for improving (& restoring areas of degraded) international cooperation. 

People who like to think of all the progress that we are about to make in the fight against climate change should give some thought about how to stop (& then reverse) the international trend to slip into the darkness of systemic isolation.  In light of the fact that the US Electoral College will likely make Donald J. Trump the next president-elect, the need to stopping looking at the world will Pollyanna eyes could not be more urgent.

http://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-to-focus-on-five-challenges-for-2017/ (http://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-to-focus-on-five-challenges-for-2017/)


Extract: "The 47th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum will take place on 17-20 January 2017 in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, under the theme Responsive and Responsible Leadership. More than 2,500 participants from nearly 100 countries will meet and participate in over 300 sessions.

The theme of the meeting calls on global leaders to renew the systems that have supported international cooperation in the past by adapting them to today’s complex, multipolar world in ways that foster genuinely inclusive and equitable growth.

To build on this theme, the programme focuses on five “gravity centres”’, each constructed to help leaders address distinct yet related critical challenges in 2017:

· Strengthening Systems for Global Collaboration: Updating and re-designing our systems for international cooperation to better manage the effects of globalization

· Addressing Identity through Positive Narratives: Inspiring optimism and trust in the future, even as our world gets smaller and more complicated

· Revitalizing the Global Economy: Developing the skills and deploying the capital to address slow growth, unemployment and financing the Sustainable Development Goals

· Reforming Market Capitalism: Addressing short-term thinking, self-interested behaviour and corruption to build a new compact between business and society

· Preparing for the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Preparing workers and economies for the coming convergence of technology and humanity

“Our world continues to become increasingly interdependent, even as political events signal a desire for isolation and a retreat from globalization. To address both of these daunting forces, we must strive for better global governance and leadership systems that are responsive to the need for social inclusion and responsible in finding constructive answers to our multiple global challenges,” said Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum."

See also the following links for an overview of WEF's Davops-17 program.
http://wef.ch/davos17 (http://wef.ch/davos17)
&
http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_AM17_Overview.pdf (http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_AM17_Overview.pdf)

Extract: "Global events this year have reminded decision-makers that the more complex a system, the greater a community’s concern about its future. The weakening of multiple systems has eroded confidence at the national, regional and global levels. And, in the absence of innovative and credible steps towards their renewal, the likelihood increases of a downward spiral of the global economy fueled by protectionism, populism and nativism.

All the while the Fourth Industrial Revolution continues to drive the convergence of technologies that blur the lines between physical, digital and biological systems. Our interdependence will not diminish, but more agile, inclusive and collaborative responses are urgently needed to address the complexity and uncertainty in people’s lives. We must hone our capacity to manage the systems that underpin our prosperity and security.


The emergence of a multipolar world cannot become an excuse for indecision and inaction, which is why it is imperative that leaders respond collectively with credible actions to improve the state of the world.


Responsive and Responsible Leadership therefore entails a deeper commitment to inclusive development and equitable growth, both nationally and globally. It also involves working rapidly to close generational divides by exercising shared stewardship of those systems that are critical to our prosperity.

14 System Initiatives:
Shaping the Future of Consumption
Shaping the Future of Digital Economy and Society
Shaping the Future of Economic Growth and Social Inclusion
Shaping the Future of Education, Gender and Work
Shaping the Future of Energy
Shaping the Future of Environment and Natural Resource Security
Shaping the Future of Financial and Monetary Systems
Shaping the Future of Food Security and Agriculture
Shaping the Future of Health and Healthcare
Shaping the Future of Information and Entertainment
Shaping the Future of International Trade and Investment
Shaping the Future of Long-Term Investing, Infrastructure and Development
Shaping the Future of Mobility
Shaping the Future of Production"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 22, 2016, 01:04:36 AM
The linked article is entitled: "Jerry Brown talks tough, but can he stop Trump on climate?", and it discusses multiple measures that Jerry Brown can take, including using measures out of the opposition playbook (see the Game of Throne posts):

http://www.eenews.net/stories/1060047440 (http://www.eenews.net/stories/1060047440)

Extract: "Positioning the Golden State as the country's liberal champion, Brown noted that California has triumphed before on green issues, like pushing for the nation's toughest restrictions on vehicle emissions. The state's tailpipe pollution rule later became the national one in an agreement certified during the Obama administration.

California, he said in multiple appearances, will continue to hold the line on climate change for the nation.

"A lot of people say, 'What the hell are you doing, Brown? You're not a country,'" Brown said at the American Geophysical Union conference in San Francisco. "Well ... we're the fifth- or sixth-largest economy in the world, and we've got a lot of firepower. We've got the scientists. We've got the universities. We've got the national labs, and we've got the political clout and sophistication for the battle, and we will persevere.

"Whatever Washington thinks they're doing, California is the future," he added."

Many see California and other liberal states like New York as likely to file lawsuits to stop the Trump administration from weakening federal rules on climate and other environmental fronts. The Golden State would play a role similar — though opposite politically — to that of Texas or Oklahoma, which challenged the Obama administration's actions. In Oklahoma, those came with Pruitt as state attorney general.

"There is a movement now among some of the more progressive states to use the courts to some extent for those kind of purposes ... to stopping the watering-down of regulations," said Deborah Sivas, professor of environmental law at Stanford University. "They're going to kind of peel a page out of that playbook."

Brown hasn't given specifics on what actions he'll take once Trump is president but last week told reporters that on climate, "I'm not waiting for what Washington may or may not do; I'm doing whatever I can through the resources of California and any other state or province or country that will join with us."

In some ways, Trump's election could help California on the climate front, Wara said. California in the past has approved some of its most far-reaching policies with an adversary in the White House. Those include climate law A.B. 32, precursor legislation to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from cars and a rule that forces utilities to make one-third of their electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Those all happened under the George W. Bush administration.

"When California looked at Washington and said Washington, D.C., doesn't believe in any of this stuff, and we are going to the city on the hill, that perspective is very appealing to California," Wara said. "We like to think we're exceptional.""
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 22, 2016, 01:08:20 AM
The linked Wikipedia article is entitled: "Catastrophe theory".  In order to better assess upper bound scenarios of abrupt climate change, such methodology should be used together with chaos theory:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catastrophe_theory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catastrophe_theory)

Extract: "In mathematics, catastrophe theory is a branch of bifurcation theory in the study of dynamical systems; it is also a particular special case of more general singularity theory in geometry.

Bifurcation theory studies and classifies phenomena characterized by sudden shifts in behavior arising from small changes in circumstances, analysing how the qualitative nature of equation solutions depends on the parameters that appear in the equation. This may lead to sudden and dramatic changes, for example the unpredictable timing and magnitude of a landslide.
Catastrophe theory originated with the work of the French mathematician René Thom in the 1960s, and became very popular due to the efforts of Christopher Zeeman in the 1970s. It considers the special case where the long-run stable equilibrium can be identified with the minimum of a smooth, well-defined potential function (Lyapunov function).

Edit, the linked report is entitled: “Assessing State Fragility, With a Focus on Climate Change and Refugees:  A 2016 Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Report.”  It focuses on current fragility, but it establishes a baseline for state fragility assessments, together with Earth System catastrophe/chaos assessments, assuming that we continue to follow a BAU pathway:


http://www4.carleton.ca/cifp/app/serve.php/1530.pdf (http://www4.carleton.ca/cifp/app/serve.php/1530.pdf)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on December 25, 2016, 06:04:29 PM
For the holidays, some words of wisdom from a deep dimple:
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 03, 2017, 11:55:55 PM
The linked post is entitled: “Silicon Intelligence, Organic Wisdom In Pictures”.


https://evolvedgeneralist.com/category/wisdom/


Extract: “... it is time to separate out artificial intelligence from organic wisdom, and spend more time and resources on the latter.

Wisdom v. “Big Data”
Author/thinker Nassim Taleb points out in his book Antifragile, that the “tragedy of Big Data” is the generation of an exponential rise in spurious correlations—noise in essence: {see the first image}

A Wisdom Paradigm construct, which we have argued is the necessary [and overdue] evolution of the Information Age [i.e. the “Knowledge Worker” needs to become the “Wisdom Worker”, and the Information Age needs to give way to the Age of Sapience], avoids this trap:



Because this construct or “wisdom quotient” [WQ] relies on much more than one dimension of knowledge [also employs creativity, emotional intelligence and experience], the likelihood of making good decisions is greatly increased: {see the second image}

I also note that wisdom is closely associated with the ability to reflect.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 04, 2017, 02:52:47 AM
The linked websites provide background on the Simons Foundation collaboration on quantum fields, gravity and information called the: “It from Qubit”.


https://www.simonsfoundation.org/mathematics-and-physical-science/it-from-qubit-simons-collaboration-on-quantum-fields-gravity-and-information/ (https://www.simonsfoundation.org/mathematics-and-physical-science/it-from-qubit-simons-collaboration-on-quantum-fields-gravity-and-information/)


http://web.stanford.edu/~phayden/simons/overview.pdf (http://web.stanford.edu/~phayden/simons/overview.pdf)



One example of topics evaluated is illustrated by the linked paper by Shira Chapman, Hugo Marrochio, Robert C. Myers (2016), “Complexity of Formation in Holography”

https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.08063 (https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.08063)


Abstract: “It was recently conjectured that the quantum complexity of a holographic boundary state can be computed by evaluating the gravitational action on a bulk region known as the Wheeler-DeWitt patch. We apply this complexity=action duality to evaluate the `complexity of formation' (arXiv:1509.07876, arXiv:1512.04993), i.e., the additional complexity arising in preparing the entangled thermofield double state with two copies of the boundary CFT compared to preparing the individual vacuum states of the two copies. We find that for boundary dimensions d>2, the difference in the complexities grows linearly with the thermal entropy at high temperatures. For the special case d=2, the complexity of formation is a fixed constant, independent of the temperature. We compare these results to those found using the complexity=volume duality. “


See also:

https://simonsfoundation.s3.amazonaws.com/share/mps/simons-collaborations/it-from-qubit/2016-annual-meeting/slides/Myers.pdf (https://simonsfoundation.s3.amazonaws.com/share/mps/simons-collaborations/it-from-qubit/2016-annual-meeting/slides/Myers.pdf)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 04, 2017, 05:11:00 PM
The linked (paywalled) article is entitled: "Tangled Up in Spacetime", and it elaborates on some of the progress being achieved in the "It from Qubit" collaboration cited in my last post.  Selected contributions that quantum information science has recently made to the holography universe paradigm include:
1. Quantum error-correcting code has been identified in the 3D to 2D AdS/CFT correspondence duality.  To me this adds support for an evolved information based multiverse.

2. Work on the EP=EPR conjecture on entanglement and wormholes has allowed information theory to define time within a wormhole connecting two entangled black holes (and as time is relative in the universe, this definition could link the present to a different time).

3.  Quantum information science should allow proposed quantum gravity theories to be tested against the observed universe (thus helping to address the String Theory Landscape challenge).

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/tangled-up-in-spacetime1/ (https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/tangled-up-in-spacetime1/)

Extract: "The collaborative project “It from Qubit” is investigating whether space and time sprang from the quantum entanglement of tiny bits of information."

Edit: I previously forgot to mention that this collaborative work has also emphasized that both entanglement, and entropy, occur in many different forms and should not be overly generalized.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 08, 2017, 07:23:36 PM
Phoenix rising.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 08, 2017, 10:46:21 PM
The linked (open access) reference provides insights as to why quantum error-correcting codes natural arise in the mathematics of a holographic information universe.

Isaac H. Kim and Michael J. Kastoryano  (January 3, 2017), "Entanglement renormalization, quantum error correction, and bulk causality", arXiv:1701.00050v1


https://arxiv.org/pdf/1701.00050.pdf

Abstract: "Entanglement renormalization can be viewed as an encoding circuit for a family of approximate quantum error correcting codes. The logical information becomes progressively more well-protected against erasure errors at larger length scales. In particular, an approximate variant of holographic quantum error correcting code emerges at low energy for critical systems. This implies that two operators that are largely separated in scales behave as if they are spatially separated operators, in the sense that they obey a Lieb-Robinson type locality bound under a time evolution generated by a local Hamiltonian."


Extract:  "In most physical theories, the notion of locality is imposed, as opposed to being derived from more elementary principles. The AdS/CFT correspondence indicates that this picture may need to be amended, at least for studying the quantum theory of gravity. An interpretation of the duality in the language of the quantum error correcting codes, and the proposal that spacetime may be built out of entanglement, suggests a fruitful avenue along which we can study these questions in the language of quantum information theory. 

There has been a recent surge of activity devoted to constructing holographic quantum error correcting codes."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 11, 2017, 04:59:08 PM
The linked article is entitled: "World Economic Forum says capitalism needs urgent change".  It is past time to systemically going along for the ride (BAU), as we advance into the anthropocene, man needs to learn to better manage our behavior particularly in the global economic market place.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/growing-gap-between-rich-and-poor-seen-as-key-economic-risk/2017/01/11/7e290a78-d7e3-11e6-a0e6-d502d6751bc8_story.html?utm_term=.2ada46c12d66 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/growing-gap-between-rich-and-poor-seen-as-key-economic-risk/2017/01/11/7e290a78-d7e3-11e6-a0e6-d502d6751bc8_story.html?utm_term=.2ada46c12d66)

Extract: "Reforming the very nature of capitalism will be needed to combat the growing appeal of populist political movements around the world, the World Economic Forum said Wednesday.
Getting higher economic growth, it added, is necessary but insufficient to heal the fractures in society that were evident in the election of Donald Trump as U.S. president and Britain’s vote to leave the European Union.
In a wide-ranging report from the organizer of the annual gathering of political and business leaders in the Swiss resort of Davos, the WEF identified “rising income and wealth disparity” as potentially the biggest driver in global affairs over the next ten years.

Although anti-establishment politics have tended to blame globalization for the loss of traditional jobs, the WEF said rapidly changing technologies have had more of an impact on labor markets.
“It is no coincidence that challenges to social cohesion and policymakers’ legitimacy are coinciding with a highly disruptive phase of technological change,” the WEF said.

Other key drivers identified in the survey of global risks related to climate change, rising cyber dependency and an aging population."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: magnamentis on January 11, 2017, 07:16:41 PM
just adding, meant as a yes but, that it's the underlaying monetary system, precisely interest on interest that means failure for any economy on day one, while the forced growth to cover interest on interest is mostly responsible for the side effects on mankind and environment.

i know this is too simply said but TLTR to say much more, i'm working on 3 thick books on the matter, over 1500 pages in total, even thinking to split further that would once again disconnect the topics that belong together :-)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: Archimid on January 12, 2017, 02:33:23 PM
Units of measure are getting a fundamental upgrade

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/units-measure-are-getting-fundamental-upgrade (https://www.sciencenews.org/article/units-measure-are-getting-fundamental-upgrade)

Extract:

Quote
That issue nags at some researchers. They would prefer to define important units — including kilograms, meters and seconds — using immutable properties of nature, rather than arbitrary lengths, masses and other quantities dreamed up by scientists. If humans were to make contact with aliens and compare systems of units, says physicist Stephan Schlamminger, “we’d be the laughingstock of the galaxy."

I'll also share an image included in the article, which I find elegant and very insightful.


Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 12, 2017, 06:06:14 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Scientists have a new way to calculate what global warming costs. Trump’s team isn’t going to like it."  If Team Trump ignores the NAS recommendations we may well stay on a BAU pathway for some time to come.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/01/12/scientists-have-a-new-way-to-calculate-what-global-warming-costs-trumps-team-isnt-going-to-like-it/?utm_term=.7f3a023e1b54 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/01/12/scientists-have-a-new-way-to-calculate-what-global-warming-costs-trumps-team-isnt-going-to-like-it/?utm_term=.7f3a023e1b54)

Extract: "How we view the costs of future climate change, and more importantly how we quantify them, may soon be changing. A much-anticipated new report, just released by the National Academy of Sciences, recommends major updates to a federal metric known as the “social cost of carbon” —  and its suggestions could help address a growing scientific concern that we’re underestimating the damages global warming will cause.

The social cost of carbon is an Obama-era metric first addressed by a federal working group in 2009. The basic premise is simple: Scientists agree that climate change will have all kinds of impacts on human societies, including natural disasters and effects on human health, productivity and agricultural output, all of which have economic consequences.

The social cost of carbon, then, refers to the monetary cost of emitting a single ton of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, given that these emissions will further contribute to global warming. The value has been used to aid in cost-benefit analyses for a variety of federal environmental rules. Currently, it’s set at about $36 per ton of carbon dioxide."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 13, 2017, 06:01:40 PM
As a follow-on to my last couple of posts, the linked article is entitled: "Climate Change Is the World’s Biggest Risk, in 3 Charts".  This work illustrates how many decision makers are underestimating the climate change impacts that are likely to occur in 2017:


http://www.climatecentral.org/news/climate-change-worlds-biggest-risk-charts-21050 (http://www.climatecentral.org/news/climate-change-worlds-biggest-risk-charts-21050)

Extract: "The rise of the machines isn’t the biggest threat to humanity. It’s climate change, extreme weather and other environmental factors.

The World Economic Forum surveyed 750 experts on what the most likely and impactful risks facing humanity are in 2017. In a report released Thursday, they ranked extreme weather as the most likely risk and the second-most impactful, trailing only the use of weapons of mass destruction. Climate change is responsible for driving an increase in the likelihood and intensity of extreme weather events, notably heat waves.

Failing to adapt to or mitigate climate change and a host of other climate-connected risks including water and food crises and involuntary migration also rank in the top 10."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 07:36:49 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Guest post: ‘An inconvenient truth’ – Exploring the dynamics of making climate change public", and in the following extract the authors abbreviate 'An Inconvenient Truth" as  AIT.  The article embeds its discussion of AIT within a larger context noted by John Dewey that the increasing specialization and professionalization of science it is becoming increasingly difficult to integrate expert knowledge into policy to manage a globalized society, which spells danger for democracy.  As climate change is man induced, it is an inherently political issue, which requires science experts to get out of their comfort zone and work to help the public, and policy makers, how to put their bare facts into context with both imagination and emotional impact.  If they do not climate change policy risks increasingly falling into the hands of amoral opportunists like Team Trump who do not hesitate to manipulate public emotions on a daily basis.


https://andthentheresphysics.wordpress.com/

Extract: "We use aspects of political theory to discuss our findings, mainly taken from the work of John Dewey, as discussed by the political theorist Mark Brown. In around 1900 Dewey started to think about the effects that increasing professionalization and specialisation of expertise could have on what he called the popularisation of knowledge. His thoughts still resonate today. Dewey was worried that these trends would make knowledge less accessible to the public, but more importantly he feared that if expert knowledge was no longer integrated in society, this would spell dangers for democracy.

In its mix of the scientific, personal and political, AIT is perhaps best thought of as an ambitious, if flawed, experiment in science communication and in making climate change meaningful. It did so, whether consciously or not, by politicising climate change and reintroducing the human into previously apolitical representations of climate change. While it is now time for politics, not science, to bear the load of dealing with climate change, we note that one effect of AIT was to turn climate science into ‘Al Gore’s science’, closely tied to a narrow range of policy options that were anathema to US conservatives. This poses problems for both science and politics.

Both the success and failure of AIT show that while it is important to get (expert) knowledge and information out there, that information is always part of a wider context; and once ‘out there’, it will always take on a life of its own, which is difficult to anticipate and control. Knowledge is produced by people (with political and financial interests) for people (with political and financial interests). As Dewey said, to be effective, ‘bare ideas’ need to have ‘imaginative content and emotional appeal’.

With AIT’s success in bringing social context to scientific content came inevitable contestation. Scientists and experts have to be prepared for this."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 07:48:24 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Policymakers must reimagine the way in which economic growth is measured: WEF report".  The article indicates that previously the policies advocated by the WEF focused too much on GDF levels and not enough, and that the current version of global capitalism must be adjusted to include consideration of such issues as improvement of living standards and better control of climate change.

http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/16/policymakers-must-reimagine-the-way-in-which-economic-growth-is-measured-wef-report.html (http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/16/policymakers-must-reimagine-the-way-in-which-economic-growth-is-measured-wef-report.html)

Extract: "Policymakers must reconsider their priorities and put significant improvements to people's living standards at the heart of their economic policies, according to the findings of the World Economic Forum's (WEF) Inclusive and Development Report 2017.

The latest WEF report stressed that the way a country measures economic growth must be re-imagined. Rather than simply addressing levels of gross domestic product (GDP), policymakers must reconnect with its increasingly frustrated citizens and consider a wider breadth of economic tools.

"The world is basically in loud agreement that inclusive growth is the way to go but it has been much more aspiration than action frankly for the last couple of years," Richard Samans, member of the managing board at the World Economic Forum told CNBC on Monday.

"(Economic) growth is essential, it is absolutely critical but… you can borrow a business analogy here, growth is like the top line. You need top line growth as a business would but the bottom line measure of success for society (in terms) of how well their economy is performing is (an) improvement of living standards," Samans added.

Policymakers must reconsider their priorities and put significant improvements to people's living standards at the heart of their economic policies, according to the findings of the World Economic Forum's (WEF) Inclusive and Development Report 2017.

The latest WEF report stressed that the way a country measures economic growth must be re-imagined. Rather than simply addressing levels of gross domestic product (GDP), policymakers must reconnect with its increasingly frustrated citizens and consider a wider breadth of economic tools.

"The world is basically in loud agreement that inclusive growth is the way to go but it has been much more aspiration than action frankly for the last couple of years," Richard Samans, member of the managing board at the World Economic Forum told CNBC on Monday.

"(Economic) growth is essential, it is absolutely critical but… you can borrow a business analogy here, growth is like the top line. You need top line growth as a business would but the bottom line measure of success for society (in terms) of how well their economy is performing is (an) improvement of living standards," Samans added."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 09:39:34 PM
The linked WEF article is entitled: "Why we should all have a basic income", and it indicates a high probability the universal basic income, UBI, will become a reality sooner rather than later, especially if globalists stay ahead of the isolationist populist movements (the attached plot indicates an example of how it could be paid for in the USA).

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/why-we-should-all-have-a-basic-income/ (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/why-we-should-all-have-a-basic-income/)

Extract: "The idea is called unconditional or universal basic income, or UBI. It’s like social security for all, and it’s taking root within minds around the world and across the entire political spectrum, for a multitude of converging reasons. Rising inequality, decades of stagnant wages, the transformation of lifelong careers into sub-hourly tasks, exponentially advancing technology like robots and deep neural networks increasingly capable of replacing potentially half of all human labour, world-changing events like Brexit and the election of Donald Trump – all of these and more are pointing to the need to start permanently guaranteeing everyone at least some income.

“Basic income” would be an amount sufficient to secure basic needs as a permanent earnings floor no one could fall beneath, and would replace many of today’s temporary benefits, which are given only in case of emergency, and/or only to those who successfully pass the applied qualification tests. UBI would be a promise of equal opportunity, not equal outcome, a new starting line set above the poverty line.
It may surprise you to learn that a partial UBI has already existed in Alaska since 1982, and that a version of basic income was experimentally tested in the United States in the 1970s. The same is true in Canada, where the town of Dauphin managed to eliminate poverty for five years. Full UBI experiments have been done more recently in places such as Namibia, India and Brazil. Other countries are following suit: Finland, the Netherlands and Canada are carrying out government-funded experiments to compare against existing programmes. Organizations like Y Combinator and GiveDirectly have launched privately funded experiments in the US and East Africa respectively.
I know what you’re thinking. It’s the same thing most people think when they’re new to the idea. Giving money to everyone for doing nothing? That sounds both incredibly expensive and a great way to encourage people to do nothing. Well, it may sound counter-intuitive, but the exact opposite is true on both accounts. What’s incredibly expensive is not having basic income, and what really motivates people to work is, on one hand, not taking money away from them for working, and on the other hand, not actually about money at all.

But what about people then choosing not to work? Isn’t that a huge burden too? Well that’s where things get really interesting. For one, conditional welfare assistance creates a disincentive to work through removal of benefits in response to paid work. If accepting any amount of paid work will leave someone on welfare barely better off, or even worse off, what’s the point? With basic income, all income from paid work (after taxes) is earned as additional income so that everyone is always better off in terms of total income through any amount of employment – whether full time, part time or gig. Thus basic income does not introduce a disincentive to work. It removes the existing disincentive to work that conditional welfare creates."

See also the related linked article entitled: "Universal Basic Income Back In Vogue".

http://www.rttnews.com/2731929/universal-basic-income-back-in-vogue.aspx (http://www.rttnews.com/2731929/universal-basic-income-back-in-vogue.aspx)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 10:02:04 PM
The linked WEF article is entitled: "To save globalization, its benefits need to be more broadly shared".  The article indicates that globalists are working to address many of the problems with globalization that have sparked the recent trend in isolationist populist movements (which are actively working to prevent globalists from correcting problems with globalization such as wealth distribution (see my last post on UBI), volatility in the global financial market, and climate change:

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/to-save-globalization-its-benefits-need-to-be-more-broadly-shared (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/to-save-globalization-its-benefits-need-to-be-more-broadly-shared)

Extract: "Economists tend to be advocates of globalization. The benefits of specialization and exchange are evident within a country’s borders: no one would seriously suggest that impeding the flows of goods, labour and capital within a country would raise national welfare. Globalization extends the possibilities of specialization beyond national boundaries. Recent work suggests, however, that while globalization is great in theory, vigilance is needed about it in practice.
The three main components of globalization - goods, labour, and capital - are associated with different costs and benefits. The preponderance of the evidence suggests that trade has positive impacts on aggregate incomes, but many people do lose out. The economic benefits of migration are very high, but it too has distributional consequences and impacts on social cohesion.

These findings suggest several steps to re-design globalization. The first step is to recognize the flaws in globalization, especially in relation to financial globalization. The adverse effects of financial globalization on macroeconomic volatility and inequality should be countered. Among policymakers today, there is increased acceptance of capital controls to restrict foreign capital flows that are viewed as likely to lead to—or compound—a financial crisis. While not the only tools available, capital controls may be the best option when it is borrowing from abroad that is the source of an unsustainable credit boom (Ostry and others, 2012).

In the longer run, the solutions lie not in redistribution but in mechanisms that achieve ‘pre-distribution.’ More equal access to health, education, and financial services ensures that market incomes are not simply a function of peoples’ starting point in life. This does not ensure that everyone will end up at the same point. But the provision of opportunities to do well in life regardless of initial income level, combined with the promise of redistribution for those who fall behind, is more likely to build support for globalization than will simply ignoring the discontent with it."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 10:17:17 PM
The linked article is entitled: "The global economy is picking up. Now we must focus on making it inclusive, says IMF", which emphasizes the lesson learned from the surge of populism in 2016 that sustainable growth must be inclusive growth.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/a-shifting-landscape-the-latest-on-the-global-economy-from-the-imf (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/a-shifting-landscape-the-latest-on-the-global-economy-from-the-imf)

Extract: "An accumulation of recent data suggests that the global economic landscape started to shift in the second half of 2016. Developments since last summer indicate somewhat greater growth momentum coming into the new year in a number of important economies. Our earlier projection, that world growth will pick up from last year’s lackluster pace in 2017 and 2018, therefore looks increasingly likely to be realized. At the same time, we see a wider dispersion of risks to this short-term forecast, with those risks still tilted to the downside. Uncertainty has risen.

See also the associated report entitled: "World Economic Outlook – Update January 2017":

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/update/01/index.htm (http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/update/01/index.htm)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 16, 2017, 10:49:01 PM
The linked article is entitled: "The Roots of Trump's Trade Rage", and it offers a counter point to the WEF articles I have just posted.  In summary it indicates that the isolationist approach that Trump is likely to implement with regards to international trade, if done cleverly might provide some benefit; but if done crudely (& what other style does The Donald have) could damage both America and the world.

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/the-roots-of-trumps-trade-rage-214639 (http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/01/the-roots-of-trumps-trade-rage-214639)

Extract: "The Davos set ignored the warning signs for years. Now, global elites are rightly worried about what comes next.

Trump’s election indeed promises a new way forward that will be the most nationalist – and likely protectionist – that the United States has seen in nearly a century. The American political system—let alone the transnational elites now gathering in Davos, Switzerland—has not yet come to terms with just how massive the changes are likely to be: Trump’s policies will call into question the global investment strategies of U.S. multinational companies in industries ranging from autos to semiconductors, the global sourcing by large U.S. retailers like Wal-Mart and Target, and the global trade rules constructed under the leadership of the United States. They could shake U.S. alliances around the world, providing openings for adversaries like China and Russia.

Trump’s promise is that better, fairer trade deals will bring more jobs and opportunities home for U.S. workers. Done cleverly and diplomatically, his approach could be a long-overdue correction for trade and economic policies that have left too many Americans behind. Done crudely, it could drive the world back into the damaging trade wars of the 1930s, leaving Americans and the world much worse off.

There was a reason that presidents from Roosevelt onward came to embrace freer trade: The United States and other countries had tried the nationalist alternatives in the late 1920s and 30s, and the damage was enormous. Trump may be able to craft a modern version that tilts the trade playing field more in favor of the United States without destroying it entirely. But he is playing a dangerous game."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: DrTskoul on January 16, 2017, 10:55:18 PM
I think the world is way past the point where nationalistic trade alternatives could be workable.  Global information exchange has made sure of that. Unless you go full blown isolationist... Even then the complex inputs to the economic system ( raw materials, ingotmayin, capital - human and economic) are so globalized that it cannot be undone without severe consequences.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 17, 2017, 12:45:12 AM
I think the world is way past the point where nationalistic trade alternatives could be workable.  Global information exchange has made sure of that. Unless you go full blown isolationist... Even then the complex inputs to the economic system ( raw materials, ingotmayin, capital - human and economic) are so globalized that it cannot be undone without severe consequences.

Unfortunately, narcissists like Donald Trump do not hesitate to tear things down if they think that it will make themselves seem relatively more important.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 17, 2017, 08:11:31 PM
As a follow-on to my last post, the first linked article is entitled: "When Emotional Intelligence Goes Wrong", and I am confident that the lessons recently identified about "narcissistic exploitativeness" are directly applicable to Donald Trump, and that the media, Congress, NATO, and the Democrats had better pay attention to such research.

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/05/when-emotional-intelligence-goes-wrong/389546/ (http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/05/when-emotional-intelligence-goes-wrong/389546/)

Extract: "… scores of researchers have shown how being in touch with feelings—both your own and other people’s—gives you an edge: compared with people who have average EI, those with high EI do better at work, have fewer health problems, and report greater life satisfaction.
There’s a catch, though: other researchers have recently examined what they call “the dark side” of EI, and their findings suggest an unnerving link between understanding people and using them. Last year, a group of Austrian psychologists reported a correlation between EI and narcissism, raising the possibility that narcissists with high EI might use their “charming, interesting, and even seductive” qualities for “malicious purposes,” such as deceiving others. Similarly, a 2014 study linked “narcissistic exploitativeness” with “emotion recognition”—those who were prone to manipulating others were better at reading them."


The second linked article by Joe Romm is entitled: ""Flawed individuals will victimize you": A top FBI profiler's lessons on extreme narcissists like Trump".  As an example Trump played (& still plays) the media like a fiddle, leading them to repeat his deluded sense of reality as if it were normal.

http://www.salon.com/2016/12/10/an-fbi-profiler-explains-trumps-narcissism_partner/ (http://www.salon.com/2016/12/10/an-fbi-profiler-explains-trumps-narcissism_partner/)

Extract: "There are 130 warning signs of the narcissistic personality.  Trump checks off at least 90.

As Navarro told me, "the purpose is to warn people that these traits are fixed and rigid" and that those who possess them in the extreme are a danger to everyone they have power or influence over."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 17, 2017, 10:02:57 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Guest post: ‘An inconvenient truth’ – Exploring the dynamics of making climate change public", and in the following extract the authors abbreviate 'An Inconvenient Truth" as  AIT.  The article embeds its discussion of AIT within a larger context noted by John Dewey that the increasing specialization and professionalization of science it is becoming increasingly difficult to integrate expert knowledge into policy to manage a globalized society, which spells danger for democracy.  As climate change is man induced, it is an inherently political issue, which requires science experts to get out of their comfort zone and work to help the public, and policy makers, how to put their bare facts into context with both imagination and emotional impact.  If they do not climate change policy risks increasingly falling into the hands of amoral opportunists like Team Trump who do not hesitate to manipulate public emotions on a daily basis.


https://andthentheresphysics.wordpress.com/ (https://andthentheresphysics.wordpress.com/)

Extract: "We use aspects of political theory to discuss our findings, mainly taken from the work of John Dewey, as discussed by the political theorist Mark Brown. In around 1900 Dewey started to think about the effects that increasing professionalization and specialisation of expertise could have on what he called the popularisation of knowledge. His thoughts still resonate today. Dewey was worried that these trends would make knowledge less accessible to the public, but more importantly he feared that if expert knowledge was no longer integrated in society, this would spell dangers for democracy.

In its mix of the scientific, personal and political, AIT is perhaps best thought of as an ambitious, if flawed, experiment in science communication and in making climate change meaningful. It did so, whether consciously or not, by politicising climate change and reintroducing the human into previously apolitical representations of climate change. While it is now time for politics, not science, to bear the load of dealing with climate change, we note that one effect of AIT was to turn climate science into ‘Al Gore’s science’, closely tied to a narrow range of policy options that were anathema to US conservatives. This poses problems for both science and politics.

Both the success and failure of AIT show that while it is important to get (expert) knowledge and information out there, that information is always part of a wider context; and once ‘out there’, it will always take on a life of its own, which is difficult to anticipate and control. Knowledge is produced by people (with political and financial interests) for people (with political and financial interests). As Dewey said, to be effective, ‘bare ideas’ need to have ‘imaginative content and emotional appeal’.

With AIT’s success in bringing social context to scientific content came inevitable contestation. Scientists and experts have to be prepared for this."

The linked Forbes article is entitled: "Here's Why Emotions Are The Secret Sauce Of Innovation".  Big business understands the importance of emotional intelligence to succeed in the chaos of the international marketplace.  Which partially explains why the fossil fuel supported denialists are so successful at keeping global society on a BAU pathway despite science's consensus pronouncements that anthropogenic climate change is real and that the world should stay well below a 2C GMSTA increase. 

I suggest that climate change science reduce its dependence on the Frequentist crutch, and more frequently make use of Bayesian methodologies whereby: (a) one adopts a priori probability function that might contain some errors (just like emotions can), (b) one honestly assesses new/current observations (while showing emotional intelligence by not being unduly tied to the priori; and (c) one develops a posterior probability function that will serve as a new priori PDF to start a new Bayesian iteration.  Adopting such a process should spur innovation in climate change science, which would convey a message of moral courage, and emotional intelligence, to the public and to policymakers.  I note that adopting a Frequentist approach indicates that scientists are too afraid to demonstrate the emotional intelligence required to successfully employ Bayesian methodology.

http://www.forbes.com/sites/darden/2017/01/17/the-secret-sauce-of-innovation-emotions/#60c587a6ade6 (http://www.forbes.com/sites/darden/2017/01/17/the-secret-sauce-of-innovation-emotions/#60c587a6ade6)

Extract: "Artificial intelligence systems, deep learning, smart robots, the Internet of Things, nanotechnology, virtual and augmented reality will transform every business function. Operational excellence will be technology-based and, in many industries, commoditized. That would leave innovation as the key strategic value creation differentiator.

Innovation is not just a cognitive process. It’s emotional. It requires doing something new or novel, and that can be scary because it requires the courage to enter the unknown and it involves learning from experimental failures. Many of us learned as children that success comes from making the fewest mistakes. We learned to avoid making mistakes and looking stupid. We also developed emotional defensives to protect our views of ourselves – to protect our ego. Protecting our ego and fear are the two big emotional inhibitors of innovation.

How do we begin to see new things that others don’t see? As importantly, how do we perceive reality more accurately – see what we do not usually see? How do we have the courage to explore the unknown? How do we create something new? We have to overcome our fears of failure in order to iteratively learn. We have to overcome our self-centered views of the world so we can perceive the world as it is not as we believe it is. We must be more open-minded and less emotionally defensive when our views are challenged by others or by new facts. We must reflectively listen in a nonjudgmental manner. And to do all of that, we absolutely have to manage our emotions and be emotionally intelligent about our and others’ emotions since innovation is a team sport.

Innovation happens best when we reduce our fears and ego defensiveness thereby freeing our minds to imagine, create, connect, and explore the new and unknown with others in a non-competitive way. That happens best when people feel psychologically safe and trust each other. It is all about emotions."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 18, 2017, 04:36:26 AM
The linked article is entitled: "Donald Trump was asked to name one of his heroes. His answer was very, very strange."  It is related to my Reply #232 about Trump's narcissistic behavior, and it indicates both that he assumes that he is always right, and probably implies that he is his own hero:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/01/17/donald-trump-was-asked-to-name-one-of-his-heroes-his-answer-was-very-very-strange/?utm_term=.beed244c4583 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/01/17/donald-trump-was-asked-to-name-one-of-his-heroes-his-answer-was-very-very-strange/?utm_term=.beed244c4583)

Extract: "Trump simply doesn't open up. Ever. He is constantly moving forward. He doesn't look back. He doesn't second guess. He assumes he has always done the right thing."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 19, 2017, 06:46:18 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Donald Trump’s biographers: He’s narcissistic, belligerent and deeply fears that he’s illegitimate.  This article supports some of the recent points that I have made in about Trump's dysfunctional behavior in this thread:

http://www.salon.com/2017/01/19/donald-trumps-biographers-hes-narcissistic-belligerent-and-deeply-fears-that-hes-illegitimate/ (http://www.salon.com/2017/01/19/donald-trumps-biographers-hes-narcissistic-belligerent-and-deeply-fears-that-hes-illegitimate/)

Extract: "Blair argued that these traits can be traced back to his childhood.
There’s a fusion, I think, of his childhood, an emphasis on being combative, being killers — as his dad famously instructed his boys to be — but also, I think, his own competitive nature, and then his grasp in early adulthood that being a bully and really putting it to other people and not backing down often works. He also had his church background telling him that being a success was the most important thing and that got fused with the sort of “You want a crowd to show up, start a fight,” P.T. Barnum-type thing early on in his career. And then Roy Cohn as a mentor, a guy who stood for cold-eye calculus about how bullying people works. And you put all of those pieces together, that he’s been doing this his whole life, and I don’t see a single reason for him to back down. He’s going to go full blast ahead with that."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 19, 2017, 11:03:11 PM
Continuing with my recent theme of providing evidence that the holographic universe evolves; the linked reference Erik Velinde argues that not only is gravity an emergent property of the universe but also that mysterious particles of "dark matter" do not exist.  Instead the reference argues that the universe evolves cosmologically.

Erik Velinde (Nov 8, 2016), "Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe"

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.02269v2.pdf (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.02269v2.pdf)


The linked article is entitled: "The man who's trying to kill dark matter", and it provides commentary on Verlinde 2016's new theory on a 'dark gravity~force' that conforms to a holographic universe and thus to HIOTTOE:

https://www.wired.com/2017/01/case-dark-matter/ (https://www.wired.com/2017/01/case-dark-matter/)

or

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20161129-verlinde-gravity-dark-matter/ (https://www.quantamagazine.org/20161129-verlinde-gravity-dark-matter/)

Extract: "“dark matter is an interplay between ordinary matter and dark energy,” Verlinde said.

To make his case, Verlinde has adopted a radical perspective on the origin of gravity that is currently in vogue among leading theoretical physicists. Einstein defined gravity as the effect of curves in space-time created by the presence of matter. According to the new approach, gravity is an emergent phenomenon. Space-time and the matter within it are treated as a hologram that arises from an underlying network of quantum bits (called “qubits”), much as the three-dimensional environment of a computer game is encoded in classical bits on a silicon chip. Working within this framework, Verlinde traces dark energy to a property of these underlying qubits that supposedly encode the universe. On large scales in the hologram, he argues, dark energy interacts with matter in just the right way to create the illusion of dark matter.

The mathematical translations are rapidly being worked out for holographic universes with an Escher-esque space-time geometry known as anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, but universes like ours, which have de Sitter geometries, have proved far more difficult. In his new paper, Verlinde speculates that it’s exactly the de Sitter property of our native space-time that leads to the dark matter illusion.

De Sitter space-times like ours stretch as you look far into the distance. For this to happen, space-time must be infused with a tiny amount of background energy—often called dark energy—which drives space-time apart from itself. Verlinde models dark energy as a thermal energy, as if our universe has been heated to an excited state. (AdS space, by contrast, is like a system in its ground state.) Verlinde associates this thermal energy with long-range entanglement between the underlying qubits, as if they have been shaken up, driving entangled pairs far apart. He argues that this long-range entanglement is disrupted by the presence of matter, which essentially removes dark energy from the region of space-time that it occupied. The dark energy then tries to move back into this space, exerting a kind of elastic response on the matter that is equivalent to a gravitational attraction."

See also:

http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/2016/11/new-theory-of-gravity-might-explain.html (http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/2016/11/new-theory-of-gravity-might-explain.html)

&

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropic_gravity (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropic_gravity)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 20, 2017, 06:26:47 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Trump Aides Prepare List of First Days’ Changes on Energy, Sources Say".  Apparently, Trump's top priority is to roll-back (as fast as possible) Obama's efforts to fight climate change (a clear example of systemic dysfunction):

https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2017-01-20/trump-aides-said-to-prepare-list-of-first-days-changes-on-energy (https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2017-01-20/trump-aides-said-to-prepare-list-of-first-days-changes-on-energy)

Extract: "Donald Trump’s advisers have prepared a short list of energy and environmental policy changes he can take within hours of being sworn in Friday, including steps to limit the role that climate change plays in government decisions.

The list includes nullifying President Barack Obama’s guidelines that federal agencies weigh climate change when approving pipelines, deciding what areas to open for drilling or taking other major actions, two people familiar with Trump’s transition planning say.

Trump also is being counseled to suspend the government’s use of a metric known as the social cost of carbon until it can be reviewed and recalculated, and to rescind a 49-year-old executive order that put the State Department in charge of permitting border-crossing oil pipelines."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 20, 2017, 06:39:57 PM
The linked article is entitled: "What it would take to really rethink capitalism".  We will see how much progress the WEF makes towards ways to reshape capitalism before populist burn everything down:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/01/19/what-it-would-take-to-really-rethink-capitalism/?tid=sm_tw&utm_term=.742fbe52ccd1 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/01/19/what-it-would-take-to-really-rethink-capitalism/?tid=sm_tw&utm_term=.742fbe52ccd1)

Extract: "As protectionist politicians like President-elect Donald Trump ascend to power around the world, it seems that a nameless rage has seized global politics, and millions of people are voting just to burn it all.

Those gathered at Davos this year are taking notice. A theme has emerged in the speeches, panels and behind-the-scenes conversations here: How can modern capitalism become more equitable and inclusive?

The notion of a basic income has “clear, tangible costs, but theoretical benefits,” Kroes argued.

One activist, Alec Gagneux, was also advocating a constitutional referendum that would drastically reform the Swiss financial system.

In modern economies such as Switzerland's, banks create almost all the money in circulation by issuing loans. Those loans are not wholly backed by money the bank has already, and banks effectively create the money in borrowers' accounts out of nothing.

The proposed referendum would put the supply of money in control of the central bank, and commercial banks would have to back any new loans with cash or other reserves they have on hand, using loans from the central bank or their own profits.

Proponents of this kind of reform, known as “sovereign money,” say it would have extraordinary benefits. They argue banks would be barred from overextending themselves, preventing catastrophic bankruptcies at major financial institutions. Meanwhile, all the money created by the central bank would constitute a vast source of new revenue for the national government."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 22, 2017, 09:10:21 PM
To revisit this thread's title of "Systemic Isolation", I reiterate that preconditioned information systems (i.e. such as we all dwell in before full enlightenment) exist in ignorance of the true nature (which can only be known by direct, and timeless, understanding) of the free-will information network.  In Reply #59, I presented discussion about the process of how to over-come the limitations imposed by having one's mind dwell in a preconditioned information system; which drew largely from the Buddha's teachings in the Satipatthana Sutta; in the following extract from the Mahasaccaka Sutta (Majjhima-nikaya MN 36) of the Buddha's teaching about his final liberation from ignorance.  With this extract I hope to illustrate that even after achieving full liberation one still is subjected to preconditioned sensations/feelings (as in an a priori probability density function) that one must continuously (& actively) work to maintain direct knowledge in a free-will information network (thus creating a posteriori probability density function that serves as new a priori pdf to be updated again).

Extract from Majjhima-nikaya, Sutta 36: "When my concentrated mid was thus purified … I directed, I inclined my mind to the knowledge of exhaustion of taints.  I had direct knowledge, as it actually is, that 'This is suffering'. that 'This is the origin of suffering', that 'This is the cessation of suffering', and that 'This is the way leading to the cessation of suffering'; I had direct knowledge, as it actually is, that 'These are taints,' that 'This is the origin of taints,' that 'This is the cessation of taints,' and that 'This is the way leading to the cessation of taints.'  Knowing thus and seeing thus, my heart was liberated from the taint of sensual desire, from the taint of being, and from the taint of ignorance.  When liberated, there came the knowledge: 'It is liberated.'  I had direct knowledge: 'Birth is exhausted, the holy life has been lived out, what was to be done is done, there is no more of this to come.'  This was the third true knowledge attained by me in the third watch of the night.  Ignorance was banished and true knowledge arose, darkness was banished and light arose, as happens in one who is diligent, ardent and self-controlled. But I allowed no such pleasant feeling as arose in me to gain power over my mind."

See also:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majjhima_Nikaya

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 24, 2017, 02:52:45 AM
The linked article is entitled: “Pop goes the universe”, and it raises questions about the viability of standard inflation models, and suggests examining theories that model a “big bounce” instead of “big bang”.  HIOTTOE can model such transitions from a preceding cosmological phase to the present phase.

https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~loeb/sciam3.pdf (https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~loeb/sciam3.pdf)


Extract: “Either the universe had a beginning, which we commonly dub the “big bang,” or there was no beginning and what has been called the big bang was actually a “big bounce,” a transition from some preceding cosmological phase to the present expanding phase.”

Edit, see also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Bounce (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Bounce)

Extract: "However, research in loop quantum cosmology purported to show that a previously existing universe collapsed, not to the point of singularity, but to a point before that where the quantum effects of gravity become so strongly repulsive that the universe rebounds back out, forming a new branch. Throughout this collapse and bounce, the evolution is unitary."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 24, 2017, 03:02:32 AM
The linked article is entitled: “The Exercise Paradox”, and confirms that humans have evolved to cooperate.


https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-exercise-paradox/ (https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-exercise-paradox/)


Extract: “Evolving a faster metabolism bound our fortunes to one another, requiring that we cooperate or die.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 24, 2017, 05:06:11 PM
The linked article is entitled: "What Those Who Studied Nazis Can Teach Us About The Strange Reaction To Donald Trump", and it warns the public against adopting what the Germans call Gleichschaltung (coordination) or getting in line with the emotional fantasies being promoted by the Trump administration as part of its grab for power (& other things).  Instead, the article recommends continual resistance to such "Alternate Facts"/propaganda.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/donald-trump-nazi-propaganda-coordinate_us_58583b6fe4b08debb78a7d5c (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/donald-trump-nazi-propaganda-coordinate_us_58583b6fe4b08debb78a7d5c)

Extract: "In his 1940 book, Germany: Jekyll and Hyde, Haffner explains this relationship between impression and propaganda, even for those opposed to the Reich. He writes, “Outside of Germany people often wonder at the palpable fraudulence of Nazi propaganda, the stupid incredible exaggerations, the ludicrous reticence concerning what is generally known. Who can be convinced by it? They ask. The answer is that it is not meant to convince but to impress. It addresses emotion and fantasy. Nazi propaganda seeks to create in our minds tenacious ideas and fantasies.”


While on the campaign trail in February, Trump urged followers to “knock the hell” out of protesters, promising to pay their legal bills if they were arrested and charged. That same February in Fort Worth, he promised a crowd that he would “open up our libel laws” so that news outlets can be sued for writing “false” or “purposely negative” articles. In July, he urged Russia to interfere in the election on his behalf, later saying he was joking. In September, he urged still other supporters to “monitor” polling stations. In October, he promised when victorious to throw his rival, Hillary Clinton, in jail. And just recently he advocated revoking the citizenship of Americans who burn flags.

So, in the last year, Trump has flirted with or, maybe more his style, groped and pawed at totalitarianism, yet the advice from many is to “give him a chance” ― or to coordinate.

The report of the study, “On the Perception of Incongruity: A Paradigm,” said, “Our major conclusion is that perceptual organization is powerfully determined by expectations built upon past commerce with the environment. When such expectations are violated by the environment, the perceiver’s behavior can be described as resistance to the unexpected or incongruous.”

The participants could only see what they expected to see. Their minds coordinated. For many Americans, the expectations of the game are divided government, stability and continuity regardless of what the candidate promises. However, if the new regime has embraced authoritarianism, then there will be trick cards in the deck that have to be identified correctly and challenged.

“Patriotism” became a trick card in Klemperer’s memoir and study of Nazi language, The Language of the Third Reich. Klemperer wrote of a Jewish neighbor, Frau K, who continued to speak with pride about Germany and the “Fuhrer,” despite having been deemed subhuman by the regime. Patriotism and deference to leadership ― respect for the office of the president, as we call it ― might have elevated Frau K in the old paradigm, but in the new one it worsened her condition.

“Divided government” became a trick card in Shirer’s 1960 history, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, when Hitler pushed through the Enabling Act and, “In five brief paragraphs,” took the power to legislate, approve treaties, and initiate constitutional amendments away from Parliament. A divided government essentially “committed suicide,” according to Shirer, and bequeathed its power to a dictator. 

There were many others, but “dominance” made them difficult to recognize. Joachim Fest writes in his memoir Not I, “At first, the countless violations of the law by our new rulers still caused a degree of disquiet. But among the incomprehensible features of those months, my father later recalled, was the fact that soon life went on as if such state crimes were the most natural thing in the world.” Those months would turn to years. Not the thousand years that Hitler had predicted, but enough to cause millions of deaths.

We should not waste our time or imaginations trying to reconfigure Trumpism to explain why all of the “good people” supported him. It is more important to see it for what it is and resist."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 24, 2017, 09:37:33 PM
The ancient biological 'arms race' between pathogens/parasites and humans has been the single most important driving factor in genetically determining who modern man is.  As we enter a period of accelerating climate change, accelerating changes due to the 4th Industrial Revolution; and global socio-economic changes like the ongoing fight between populists and globalist; we should be aware that humans are still subject to both genetic and cultural evolution, and while dealing with all of the oncoming changes our most important fight will be with parasites like denalists (including Team Trump).  With this in mind I link to a couple of related references about human/parasitic evolutionary interactions:

Cassandra Willyard (11 November 2011), "Parasites drove human genetic variation", Nature, doi:10.1038/nature.2011.9345

http://www.nature.com/news/parasites-drove-human-genetic-variation-1.9345 (http://www.nature.com/news/parasites-drove-human-genetic-variation-1.9345)

Extract: "Adapting to pathogens was more important than climate and diet in driving natural selection.

Modern humans began to spread out from Africa approximately 100,000 years ago. They settled in distant lands, where they had to adapt to unfamiliar climates, find different ways to feed themselves and fight off new pathogens. A study now suggests that it was the pathogens, particularly parasitic worms, that had the biggest role in driving natural selection — but that genetic adaptation to them may also have made humans more susceptible to autoimmune diseases."


See also:
https://notexactlyrocketscience.wordpress.com/2007/01/14/brain-parasite-drives-human-culture/ (https://notexactlyrocketscience.wordpress.com/2007/01/14/brain-parasite-drives-human-culture/)

Extract: "We like to think that we are masters of our own fates. The thought that others might be instead controlling our actions makes us uneasy. We rail against nanny states, we react badly to media hype and we are appalled at the idea of brainwashing.

But words and images are not the only things that can affect our brains and thoughts. Other animals – parasites – can do this too."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: budmantis on January 25, 2017, 06:40:21 AM
ASLR: In reference to your reply number 242, I'm thinking  back to the campaign season and how we laughed at Trump's campaign and his supporters. Then he won the Republican nomination. Despite this,  Trump's campaign provided much grist for discussion and humor and still wasn't taken seriously. Now he's POTUS.

In the opening week of his Presidency, we are now seeing the reality and I cant help but draw parallels between Trump's administration and Nazi Germany. One would hope that Constitutional checks and balances will negate the most damaging effects of his Presidency until some semblance of sanity returns to Washington.

He has beaten the odds thus far, which brings up the question, what will it take to stop this madman? Can we count on the legislative and judicial branch to do what's right? I hope so, but if not, it will be up to the citizenry.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 27, 2017, 10:25:18 AM
The linked article is entitled: "Beware hate speech, says Auschwitz Holocaust survivor".  This holocaust survivor warns that civilization is just a thin veneer, and that it is important to resist hate-propaganda (such as that frequently used by populists) from the very start as it has the potential to erupt into Nazi-like consequences.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38745115 (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38745115)

Extract: ""The Germans were well-advanced, educated, progressive. Maybe civilization is just veneer-thin. We all need to be very careful about any hate-propaganda.
"This is very important. It starts as a small stream, but then it has the potential to erupt - and when it does, it's too late to stop it.""
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 27, 2017, 11:16:53 PM
The linked article is entitled: "The Universe Is Expanding Surprisingly Fast", this finding could also support a Holographic interpretation of the universe>

http://www.space.com/35459-universe-expanding-faster-hubble-constant.html (http://www.space.com/35459-universe-expanding-faster-hubble-constant.html)

Extract: "Astronomers have pegged the universe's current expansion rate — a value known as the Hubble constant, after American astronomer Edwin Hubble — at about 44.7 miles (71.9 kilometers) per second per megaparsec. (One megaparsec is about 3.26 million light-years.)
This newly derived number is consistent with a calculation that was announced last year by a different research team, which was led by Nobel laureate Adam Riess. But it's considerably higher than the rate that was estimated by the European Space Agency's Planck satellite mission in 2015 — about 41.6 miles (66.9 km) per second per megaparsec."

The discrepancy could also indicate that dark matter — the strange, invisible stuff that astronomers think vastly outweighs "normal" matter throughout the universe — has as-yet-unappreciated characteristics, or that Einstein's theory of gravity has some holes, they added."

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: johnm33 on January 28, 2017, 12:47:26 AM
You don't need dark matter, if you allow for the aether which is called for in Maxwells equations. The aether is a superconductor and electromagnetism pervades the universe, it allows magnetism which is 39oom stronger than gravity to hold the galaxies together.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YkWiBxWieQU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YkWiBxWieQU)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on January 28, 2017, 06:33:38 AM
"You don't need dark matter, if you allow for the aether which is called for in Maxwells equations. The aether is a superconductor and electromagnetism pervades the universe, it allows magnetism which is 39oom stronger than gravity to hold the galaxies together."

1) disagreed that Maxwell's equations call for ether

2) disagreed that the putative ether would be a superconductor.

The second point is obvious since a superconductor excludes electric and magnetic fields. The first point is subtler.

3) EM holding galaxies together sounds like the Halton Arp theory, which is ... controversial.

4) no i am not going to watch a youtube video overturning a century of physics. if you wish to discuss, lets begin with the maxwell equations in free space with div E and B zero, curl E and B proportional to the partial time derivative of each other with a minus sign thrown in. Where is the ether in these equations ?

sidd
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: DrTskoul on January 28, 2017, 03:14:49 PM
Aether was the putative medium to carry the energy since the minds of the era could not handle photons and vacuum. It is a human construct to decrease stress and worry.  Does not exist in equations....
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 28, 2017, 06:08:55 PM
"You don't need dark matter, if you allow for the aether which is called for in Maxwells equations. The aether is a superconductor and electromagnetism pervades the universe, it allows magnetism which is 39oom stronger than gravity to hold the galaxies together."

1) disagreed that Maxwell's equations call for ether

2) disagreed that the putative ether would be a superconductor.

The second point is obvious since a superconductor excludes electric and magnetic fields. The first point is subtler.

3) EM holding galaxies together sounds like the Halton Arp theory, which is ... controversial.

4) no i am not going to watch a youtube video overturning a century of physics. if you wish to discuss, lets begin with the maxwell equations in free space with div E and B zero, curl E and B proportional to the partial time derivative of each other with a minus sign thrown in. Where is the ether in these equations ?

sidd

+1
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on January 30, 2017, 08:52:25 PM
The linked reference provides observational evidence that we may live in a Holographic Universe, which by extension supports the possibility of HIOTTOE.

Niayesh Afshordi et al. From Planck Data to Planck Era: Observational Tests of Holographic Cosmology, Physical Review Letters (2017). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.041301


http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.041301 (http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.041301)

Abstract: "We test a class of holographic models for the very early Universe against cosmological observations and find that they are competitive to the standard cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant (ΛCDM) of cosmology. These models are based on three-dimensional perturbative superrenormalizable quantum field theory (QFT), and, while they predict a different power spectrum from the standard power law used in ΛCDM, they still provide an excellent fit to the data (within their regime of validity). By comparing the Bayesian evidence for the models, we find that ΛCDM does a better job globally, while the holographic models provide a (marginally) better fit to the data without very low multipoles (i.e., l≲30), where the QFT becomes nonperturbative. Observations can be used to exclude some QFT models, while we also find models satisfying all phenomenological constraints: The data rule out the dual theory being a Yang-Mills theory coupled to fermions only but allow for a Yang-Mills theory coupled to nonminimal scalars with quartic interactions. Lattice simulations of 3D QFTs can provide nonperturbative predictions for large-angle statistics of the cosmic microwave background and potentially explain its apparent anomalies."


See also the linked article entitled: "Study reveals substantial evidence of holographic universe

https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-substantial-evidence-holographic-universe.html (https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-substantial-evidence-holographic-universe.html)

Extract: "A UK, Canadian and Italian study has provided what researchers believe is the first observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.

Edit, see also:

http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/sciencefair/2017/01/30/universe-hologram-illusion/97249856/ (http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/sciencefair/2017/01/30/universe-hologram-illusion/97249856/)
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 07, 2017, 10:59:48 PM
In the 'Trump Presidency' thread I have recently critiqued the alt-right, leftist populism and establishment approaches to addressing our current situation.  However, in my opinion we are headed for a socio-economic collapse (accelerated by climate change) in the next few decades regardless of the balance of alt-right, leftist populism, or establishment controls in political power and that following the collapse there will be two primary socio-economic movements co-existing (although interacting somewhat less dramatically than in 'The Matrix'):

(1) Those tied to the results of the 4th Industrial Revolution (which cannot be stopped at this point).  'Neural Lace' will allow these people to be connected to quantum-AI while conducting their affairs and thus will have a cyborg type existence (but different from the human farms in 'The Matrix').

(2) Those who take a more human based approach (somewhat like those in Zion in 'The Matrix'), but who have learned some of the systemic lessons from our pending socio-economic collapse, in order to cooperate more ala Marx's 'species being'.

As climate change is caused by humans, it would seem like our radiative forcing scenarios would benefit from addressing human nature.  With this in mind I provide the following link to the Wikipedia article entitled: "Marx's Theory of Human Nature", as 'species-being' (or species-essence) underpinned his critiques of capitalism and this construction of communist theory.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marx's_theory_of_human_nature

Extract: "Some Marxists posit what they deem to be Marx's theory of human nature, which they accord an important place in his critique of capitalism, his conception of communism, and his 'materialist conception of history'. Karl Marx, however, does not refer to "human nature" as such, but to Gattungswesen, which is generally translated as 'species-being' or 'species-essence'. According to a note from the young Marx in the Manuscripts of 1844, the term is derived from Ludwig Feuerbach’s philosophy, in which it refers both to the nature of each human and of humanity as a whole.

However, in the sixth Thesis on Feuerbach (1845), Marx criticizes the traditional conception of "human nature" as "species" which incarnates itself in each individual, instead arguing that the conception of human nature is formed by the totality of "social relations". Thus, the whole of human nature is not understood, as in classical idealist philosophy, as permanent and universal: the species-being is always determined in a specific social and historical formation, with some aspects being biological."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:31:34 AM
As some people who read this thread do not read the "Empire - America and the future" thread, I have decided to re-post some recent relevant replies from that thread to this thread, beginning with the following post by JimD:


ALSR

A bit of a tweek here.  Just in fun, but with a serious side. 

Since I know how partial you are to AI and its possible positive side.  Here, however, is a real world actual existing early version of another use for AI and it certainly is hard from certain perspectives to think of it as positive.  IN fact it may have been the deciding factor in electing Trump.

Tell me what you think of this.

https://scout.ai/story/the-rise-of-the-weaponized-ai-propaganda-machine
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:33:15 AM
ALSR

A bit of a tweek here.  Just in fun, but with a serious side. 

Since I know how partial you are to AI and its possible positive side.  Here, however, is a real world actual existing early version of another use for AI and it certainly is hard from certain perspectives to think of it as positive.  IN fact it may have been the deciding factor in electing Trump.

Tell me what you think of this.

https://scout.ai/story/the-rise-of-the-weaponized-ai-propaganda-machine

Jim,

Thanks for a more detailed article than I have seen before on Cambridge Analytica and how Temp Trump/Mercer used it; and I enjoyed the read.

My impression is that we should all buckle-in because while the 3rd Industrial Revolution was about Information Science, the 4th Industrial Revolution is about the acceleration of the rate of change due to Information Science (so we haven't seen anything yet).

My general impression is that after circa 2045 we will see two significantly different tracks for post-collapse society: (1) one dominated by a cyborg approach and (2) one dominated by a species being type of approach.

When I have more time, I will write more.

Best,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:33:57 AM
The linked article is entitled: "Russia military acknowledges new branch: info warfare troops".   As we accelerate into the 4th Industrial Revolution, it would be Pollyannaish to ignore the use of information science in either warfare, or politics (I am sure that the NSA is not making this mistake).

http://www.militarytimes.com/articles/planes-tanks-ships-russian-military-gets-massive-upgrade (http://www.militarytimes.com/articles/planes-tanks-ships-russian-military-gets-massive-upgrade)

Extract: "Along with a steady flow of new missiles, planes and tanks, Russia's defense minister said Wednesday his nation also has built up its muscle by forming a new branch of the military — information warfare troops."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:35:26 AM
: SteveMDFP  February 23, 2017, 12:57:27 AM

That's one of the most disturbing articles I've ever read.  I had noticed in the few days before the US election a big increase in anti-Hillary material online.  This article explains that.






The truth of the matter is that politics is largely about the manipulation of uncertainty to get what one side wants; which has been going on for a long time.  So as not to dive into ancient history, the linked 2014 article is entitled: "Karl Rove vs. Hillary Clinton: Whisper campaign explodes on Internet", and provides an example of how during the 3rd Industrial Revolution, the internet allowed Karl Rove to effectively manipulate the truth before his target could react.  While the Cambridge Analytica work accelerates this trend by adding 4th Industrial Revolution - AI to Karl Rove's more traditional 'whisper campaigns' (he originally compiled lists of conservative groups and identified the key influencers in the groups to which he fed fake information to just before a key vote, so that the fake information would spread rapidly by whispers within the group before the target could respond).   Rather than expressing 'moral outrage' it is better to use information science to attack the uncertainty associated by fake information in order to mount a rapid response.

http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-pn-analysis-karl-rove-hillary-clinton-whisper-campaign-internet-20140513-story.html (http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-pn-analysis-karl-rove-hillary-clinton-whisper-campaign-internet-20140513-story.html)

Extract: "Judged strictly as strategy, and not, say, for its morality, Karl Rove’s blast at Hillary Clinton on Tuesday demonstrated how the game of political trickery manifests itself in the Internet age. Allegation reported, allegation denied, outrage from the victimized party, all bouncing across the Web, the initial accusation repeated each and every time -- a whisper campaign given full baying voice.

The Republican strategist's questioning of Clinton’s health was a joint assault on the minds of voters and the heart of the would-be White House contender, and it probably worked, at least minimally, by injecting into the conversation something no one had been talking about, and spreading a negative assertion without any proof."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:37:00 AM

: AbruptSLR  February 22, 2017, 05:26:01 AM

My general impression is that after circa 2045 we will see two significantly different tracks for post-collapse society: (1) one dominated by a cyborg approach and (2) one dominated by a species being type of approach.

When I have more time, I will write more.

Best,
ASLR





Just a quick note to expand on my two points cited in the quote above:

(1) The road to the cyborg approach is fairly obvious, when AI can not only be used to manipulate elections but also: (a) the stock market as demonstrated by Robert Mercer's (Renaissance Technologies') Medallion Fund; (b) support cyber-warfare as demonstrated by all major and minor powers in the world; (c) governance as is currently being demonstrated by the alt-right's attack on mainstream media via fake news and alternate facts and (d) Groups like Anonymous can hack private entities like: Microsoft, Facebook, Google and OpenAI to develop coding better than that used by Cambridge Analytica; in order to advance their own agendas.

In this regards, see the linked articles with the first entitled: "What Does the Billionaire Family Backing Donald Trump Really Want?"

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/01/no-one-knows-what-the-powerful-mercers-really-want/514529/ (https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/01/no-one-knows-what-the-powerful-mercers-really-want/514529/)


The second linked article is entitled: "Renaissance Partner Airs Battle With Mercer Over Trump

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-02-23/renaissance-partner-airs-battle-with-mercer-over-trump-wsj-says (https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-02-23/renaissance-partner-airs-battle-with-mercer-over-trump-wsj-says)

Extract: "A Renaissance Technologies partner went public with his strong objections to top executive Robert Mercer’s support for President Donald Trump, telling the Wall Street Journal of a heated confrontation between the two men that may lead to his firing.

David Magerman has worked at the quantitative hedge fund for 20 years and helped design the firm’s trading systems. A registered Democrat, Magerman, 48, told the paper that Mercer’s “views show contempt for the social safety net that he doesn’t need, but many Americans do.”"

(2) The road to the species being approach could use a combination of mindfulness and electronic monitoring equipment to link the human mind to the holographic universe.  This might be achieved via the phosphorus pathway discussed in the following linked article is entitled: “The strange link between the human mind and quantum physics”.  In a few decades, who knows how much progress will be made into this matter.

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20170215-the-strange-link-between-the-human-mind-and-quantum-physics (http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20170215-the-strange-link-between-the-human-mind-and-quantum-physics)

Extract: “The perennial puzzle of consciousness has even led some researchers to invoke quantum physics to explain it. That notion has always been met with skepticism, which is not surprising: it does not sound wise to explain one mystery with another. But such ideas are not obviously absurd, and neither are they arbitrary.

For one thing, the mind seemed, to the great discomfort of physicists, to force its way into early quantum theory. What's more, quantum computers are predicted to be capable of accomplishing things ordinary computers cannot, which reminds us of how our brains can achieve things that are still beyond artificial intelligence. "Quantum consciousness" is widely derided as mystical woo, but it just will not go away.

In a study published in 2015, physicist Matthew Fisher of the University of California at Santa Barbara argued that the brain might contain molecules capable of sustaining more robust quantum superpositions. Specifically, he thinks that the nuclei of phosphorus atoms may have this ability.

In 2016, Adrian Kent of the University of Cambridge in the UK, one of the most respected "quantum philosophers", speculated that consciousness might alter the behaviour of quantum systems in subtle but detectable ways.“
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:38:17 AM

This post is a follow-on to my last post Reply #652:

The thing that upsets me the most about denalists (including both climate change denalists & Team Trump) is their preference for presenting reasonable logic, that I myself would use, and then at the very end present an answer that is the exact opposite of what I would conclude.  They then disseminate their 'findings' as fast & as widely as possible, in order to catch as many of the unprepared as possible in their nets of deceit.

For this post, I focus on Steve Bannon's use of Nassim Taleb's antifragility concept in his alt-right populist strategy of removing restraints on both Wall Street and the fossil fuel industry as part of an attempt to tear down the managerialist establishment that is suppose to be increasing the fragility of our global socio-economic system.

While decreasing the fragility of our global socio-economic system sound admirable, the way that alt-right populist are going about it by increasing fear, casino capitalism and kleptocratic opportunities is the opposite of what is needed.

Systems that are anti-fragile has a deep culture of experimentation without creating fear that can stifle innovation.  Clinging desperately to the past like Team Trump is doing by trying to turn back the clock to time when Detroit (motortown) and the oil and gas industries (i.e. heavy industries) were dominate in the US culture is only going to increase the fragility of the US socio-economic system.

True anti-fragility can be found in places like Silicon Valley (with its 'disruptive' technologies), which are places that deeply distrust Team Trump.  Merely thinking that you don't like AI and the 4th Industrial Revolution does not mean that they are not going to happen, and indeed thrive in the current and coming periods of chaotic transition.  Thus I recommend studying information science (see the “Systemic Isolation” and the “Adapting the the Anthropocene” threads) before companies like Cambridge Analytica (that is working with Team Trump) not only uses AI (including quantum computing) to deceptively flip elections but also the stock market thus converting crony capitalism into kleptocratic capitalism.

Carlota Perez has shown, advances in new technologies…whether it’s the railways, electricity…are marked by a chaotic transitional phase of wars, financial scandals, industrial mayhem and deep anxieties about the collapse of civilization; and due to the 4th Industrial Revolution we are going through one of those transitions today.

Protectionists, like Team Trump, believe in a system based on financial leverage (i.e. casino capitalism), heft, industries working in silos, banks directing the flow of capital and holding the balance of power (just look at Trump's cabinet appointments).  In such a period of chaotic transition Elon Musk is supporting OpenAI (which is open to everyone) and Facebook is writing to flag bad behavior like 'alternate facts'; in order to fight against companies like Cambridge Analytica that use deceptive AI to take advantage of 'others'.

I am not recommending the cyborg-approach (& prefer the species being approach), I do recommend facing the future with your eyes open instead of with Pollyannaish naivety.

Edit: A significant component of what I am saying here is that in times of change, 'natural selection' leads to systemic cooperation while 'survival of the fittest' leads to systemic isolation (alt-right).

See also:

http://www.thomaslfriedman.com/thank-you-for-being-late/ (http://www.thomaslfriedman.com/thank-you-for-being-late/)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 09:38:47 AM
The linked article is entitled: “What if AI Could Lie?”  AI mimics humans and as we now live in a world dominated by alt-right fake news, we should need to watch out for deceptive humans, deceptive machines and soon cyborgs:

https://disruptionhub.com/what-if-ai-could-lie/

Extract: “Artificial Intelligence is constantly fed information from countless channels. If AI can understand deception, then all of these channels would be disrupted. In some ways, this is good news. In order to achieve optimal function, AI needs to handle missing or hidden data. It’s also useful for it to understand lying – for example, AI can pick up on fake news using an algorithm that mimics traditional journalism techniques. As of this month, it’s even used on U.S. borders as an unbiased lie detector. On the other hand, adding the ability to hide or twist data to super-intelligent systems is a recipe for disaster. AI systems have already worked out how to lie to each other, which creates competition rather than collaboration. Imagine what would happen if AI-enabled robots decided to keep information to themselves – in other words, refusing to co-operate with humans? The relationship between humans and technology would be fundamentally altered. Either way, if Artificial Intelligence can learn to be dishonest, it can be programmed to lie for malicious ends. Cyber criminals could hack into machine learning systems and play havoc with vital info, using rogue AI as blackmail or to steal data. It’s even been argued that AI is deceptive by nature because it mimics and imitates.

It’s clear that AI research isn’t going to stop just because Artificial Intelligence could be dangerous. That means that the only thing developers and investors can do is work together to find ways to contain or prevent deceptive AI. This is supposedly what Amazon, Microsoft, Google, Facebook, IBM and now Apple are doing with their partnership on AI. . . but if it was difficult to trust AI before, it definitely will be now that machine learning systems can bluff as well as, and better than, humans. Ultimately, if data-saturated AI can lie to us about our own information (and share it within neural networks that we can’t access) then we have a serious problem.”

Edit: This is the end of the re-posted replies from the "Empire - America and the future" thread.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: SteveMDFP on February 27, 2017, 02:47:21 PM
: SteveMDFP  February 23, 2017, 12:57:27 AM

That's one of the most disturbing articles I've ever read.  I had noticed in the few days before the US election a big increase in anti-Hillary material online.  This article explains that.






The truth of the matter is that politics is largely about the manipulation of uncertainty to get what one side wants; which has been going on for a long time.  So as not to dive into ancient history, the linked 2014 article is entitled: "Karl Rove vs. Hillary Clinton: Whisper campaign explodes on Internet", and provides an example of how during the 3rd Industrial Revolution, the internet allowed Karl Rove to effectively manipulate the truth before his target could react.  While the Cambridge Analytica work accelerates this trend by adding 4th Industrial Revolution - AI to Karl Rove's more traditional 'whisper campaigns' (he originally compiled lists of conservative groups and identified the key influencers in the groups to which he fed fake information to just before a key vote, so that the fake information would spread rapidly by whispers within the group before the target could respond).   Rather than expressing 'moral outrage' it is better to use information science to attack the uncertainty associated by fake information in order to mount a rapid response.

http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-pn-analysis-karl-rove-hillary-clinton-whisper-campaign-internet-20140513-story.html (http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-pn-analysis-karl-rove-hillary-clinton-whisper-campaign-internet-20140513-story.html)
. . .

I appreciate your re-posting the thread.  It's sufficiently important to merit wider dissemination.

I'd urge folks to read the article:
https://scout.ai/story/the-rise-of-the-weaponized-ai-propaganda-machine (https://scout.ai/story/the-rise-of-the-weaponized-ai-propaganda-machine)

AI applied to propaganda is a fearsome development.  There's reason to believe that this technology is really what was responsible for the momentous election outcomes that polling said were wildly unlikely to happen, the Brexit vote and the Trump win.  There was nothing wrong with the polling, absent the AI-powered last-minute push, there'd have been no surprises.

As Cambridge Analytica won't offer its services to liberal causes, we can now expect as much as a 3% last-minute shift in voting totals towards conservative/populist/fascist directions.  This means that Le Pen may well win victory in France.  Other elections in the Netherlands and Germany may well have similar right-wing upset victories.  This would likely spell the end of the EU and the Euro.  Buckle up, everyone.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: wili on February 27, 2017, 03:01:56 PM
Ha! We posted at about the same time, Steve.

I posted a similar article from the Guardian over on the Trump thread. I agree that this requires widespread dissemination and ought to make us rethink our use of social media.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: magnamentis on February 27, 2017, 05:26:10 PM
As some people who read this thread do not read the "Empire - America and the future" thread, I have decided to re-post some recent relevant replies from that thread to this thread, beginning with the following post by JimD:


ALSR

A bit of a tweek here.  Just in fun, but with a serious side. 

Since I know how partial you are to AI and its possible positive side.  Here, however, is a real world actual existing early version of another use for AI and it certainly is hard from certain perspectives to think of it as positive.  IN fact it may have been the deciding factor in electing Trump.

Tell me what you think of this.

https://scout.ai/story/the-rise-of-the-weaponized-ai-propaganda-machine

perhaps a bit too short but i only say that it even already has the correct name that is "ANDROID"

and of course the other big players are no better, what i mean is that humans will probably in big parts extinct themselves by becoming "androids" a mix of human and machine with ingredients like electronic components, case oriented enforced body parts, spare parts, parts from cultivated flesh and parts from other materials. it will happen for sure and i don't even judge it, it will have advantages and disadvantages like everything else. even our "holey" mother sun is not just good, depends on distance and other factors whether it's a blessing or a curse :-)

enjoy further
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on February 27, 2017, 11:56:47 PM
The recent series of posts on deceptive AI afford me with a convenient opportunity to circle back to the Matrix theme that I used at the beginning of this thread; together with the Cad vs Dad theme presented in the previously posted linked research by Wlodarski et. al. (2015), cited at the end of this post.

Here Dads are associated with 'natural selection' (i.e. system cooperation) while Cads are associated with 'survival of the fittest' (i.e. systemic isolation).  The linked article indicates that human evolution has produced roughly a 50/50 split between human Cad/Dad fathers (who reproduce).  The article also indicates that historically in times of sufficient hardship the percentage of Dads increased, while in times of sufficient plenty, Cads have increased in their percentages.  It appears to me that alt-right populist are currently using othering to gab resources while the grabbing is still goo (a few decades before the coming collapse).

The best way to fight deception by Cads is via information.  However shortly aft Dads provide sufficient information to expose such deception, the boundary of uncertainty shifts, thus backing the Cads further into a corner; which is not a problem in a growing situation; but leads to conflict in a degrading situation (like the world is currently experiencing). 

In a post-collapse (after 2050-2060) socio-economic system, I believe that the elite Cads will become cyborg-like (with many of the common alt-right populists not reproducing after the collapse) & the Dads becoming more species-being like.  In the movie 'The Matrix' the cyborgs (Cads) are represented by the symbiotic relationship between the 'farmed' humans and the machine city; while the species-being Dads are represented by the humans hiding in Zion.

In such a hypothesized situation the 'energy' being harvested by the AI machines is not classical 'energy' but rather anti-entropy as defined by information theory; while Neo represents the human-path to enlightened anti-entropy vis mindfulness (possibly aided by feedback from the phosphorus pathway).

The Extract below from the Economist magazine as based on science it appears that humans are wired to be either Cads (deceptive) or Dads (supportive):

Rafael Wlodarski, John Manning , R. I. M. Dunbar, (2015), "Stay or stray? Evidence for alternative mating strategy phenotypes in both men and women", Biology Letters, Volume: 11 Issue: 2, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0977

http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/2/20140977 (http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/2/20140977)

http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/roybiolett/11/2/20140977.full.pdf (http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/roybiolett/11/2/20140977.full.pdf)

See also:

http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21642000-promiscuity-and-fidelity-seem-be-specific-biological-adaptations-their (http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21642000-promiscuity-and-fidelity-seem-be-specific-biological-adaptations-their)

Extract: "Dr Wlodarski and his colleagues calculate that cads outnumber dads by a ratio of 57:43. Loose women, by contrast, are outnumbered by their more constant sisters, but by only 53:47. Each of these ratios tends in the direction of received wisdom. Both, though, are close enough to 50:50 for that fact to need an explanation.


If their analysis is correct, Dr Wlodarski and his colleagues have probably stumbled on a type of equilibrium known to biologists as an evolutionarily stable strategy, in which a way of behaving becomes more advantageous as it gets rarer, and less so as it gets commoner. Cads succeed when dads are frequent, and vice versa. Neither can conquer and neither can vanish. Such equilibria are part of a branch of math called game theory—"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 12:24:33 AM
All of the world's current major problems (overpopulation, overshoot, international tension etc.) can be analytically-classified as 'wicked'.  Wicked problems are situational and characterized by both complexity and uncertainty, and thus are not conducive to being resolved by direct logic.  Therefore, in this (& the following series of) post(s), I will focus on the use of Hegel's dialectic technique (with its [Fichte's] thesis/antithesis/synthesis logic structure) in order to better understand the dynamic relationship between evidence-based (Dad/Cooperative-type ) decision makers and pre-conditioned  (Cad/Isolationist-type) decision makers.  My goal is to better understand how to evolve our currently overshoot situation towards a less fragile situation, in a Bayesian fashion.  Such a dialectic technique could be metaphorically imagined (see the first attached image) as the dynamic/tense/clashing interaction between a mindfulness-skillset vs a preconditioned-skillset spiraling in a Hegelian fashion (see the second & third attached images) around a complex core of uncertain interactions in a double-helix manner (see the fourth attached image) thru time.  This double helical interaction/clashing can be considered as two trail lawyers spirally around uncertainties in a court case towards a jury-determination of the 'truth' beyond a reasonable shadow of doubt.  In this sense trial testimony is presented that is charged to be "the 'truth', the whole 'truth' and nothing but the 'truth'", with one lawyer represents pre-conditioned/conceived 'truths' and the other side represents evidence-based 'truths'. 

As many readers are not familiar with Hegel, I provide the first linked Hegel video, that discusses how the thesis and antithesis are both incomplete versions of the truth (priori) & thus must clash to form a new synthesis (or posterior).  This new synthesis then serves a new thesis (priori) for a new cycle of clashes with updated antithesis to form a new round of cycle as shown in the second, third and fourth attached images.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q54VyCpXDH8 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q54VyCpXDH8)

As Hegel's thinking is somewhat convoluted, I provide the second linked video on Hegel, as a synopsis of some of his key points.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5JGE3lhuNo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5JGE3lhuNo)

1.  "Important parts of ourselves can be found in history".  Thus we should not feel superior to earlier era, but rather bonded with it.

2.  "Learn from ideas you dislike".  Thus, nationalist can learn from globalists and vice versa.
3. "Progress is messy".  Thus, it takes at least three cycles of the dialectic to reach a new synthesis.

4. "Art has a purpose - Art is a sensuous presentation of ideas".  Thus, art and metaphors help us to grasp the sterile logic of complex situations (Which is why I am presenting a Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor).

5. "We need new institutions".  Thus, idea need to be more than merely correct, they need corrected institutions to put them into effect.

As Capitalism (in all of its modern forms such as: crony, casino, vulture, etc.) is at the core of many/most of the current problems (partially because it has surpassed other failed systems like Communism, Imperialism etc.), and as Marx was a major critic of Capitalism and was taken by Hegel's dialectic line of thinking, I present the following third linked video on Marx:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSQgCy_iIcc (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSQgCy_iIcc)

1.  "Modern work is alienated".  Over specialized work has disconnected us from our truth species-being nature.

2.  "Modern work is insecure".  I.e. modern capitalism makes us expendable.

3.  "Workers get paid little while capitalists get rich". I.e. profit is not a reward for elitist ingenuity/talent but rather is theft of congealed talent and efforts of the workers; so that profit is exploitation.

4. "Capitalism is very unstable". I.e. Oscillations from crisis to crisis is endemic in capitalism due to periods of unsustainable overshooting of production leading to excessive exploitation and a collapse of demand.  Marx believe that such oscillations could be reduced/eliminated by a redistribution of wealth.

5. "Capitalism is bad for capitalists".  I.e. capitalism forces us to put economics ahead of human values w.r.t. our interactions; or that "commodity fetishism" (or materialism) that creates a ideology that people such be valued for their production and that leisure is sinful.  This ideology makes people anxious, competitive, conformist and politically complacent.  Thus Marx's idea of utopian included no private wealth, no inheritance, a steeply graduated tax, centralism control of finance, communication and transport & free education leading to species-being.

In the Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor, a chain reaction of clashing interests causes spiraling oscillations due to errors/shortcoming of the thesis creating an antithesis (with its own errors) leading to an imperfect synthesis that fuels another round of suffering.  In HIOTTOE, these chain reaction of helically spiraling oscillations of errors can be progressively dampened out by the application of the trinity of Atapi-Sampanjo-Satima, and I noted that the Trinity is also heavy in meaning in Christian theology, for example with regards to: "The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit". For those who have not followed this thread, I offer the following discussion about the Pali words in this phrase:

Atapi is the right effort; which allows one to focus on, and sub-divide (dhamma investigation), the signals observed by free will in real time & in a manner that is aware of the transient (impermanent) nature of the signals (body in body, sensations in sensations, mind in mind and mental content in mental content).

Sampanjano allows one to transcend the truth that one believes at any moment (priori) to perceive (sanna) the truth that is in that moment, and then allows one to use free will to choose not to react to form (sankhara) another mindless posterior but rather to produce a mindful/wise posterior (which result in less misery/suffering/signal error).

Satima allows one to maintain continuous awareness while maintaining atapi and sampanjano.

The application of "atapi-sampajano-satima" is a means where one recognizes that suffering created by reductionism in real time (atapi) thereby developing the wisdom (sampajano) to let go of pre-conditioned assumptions inherent in reductionism in order to more fully live (remain aware) in the moment (satima).

To me it is self-evident that this Pali phase describes a process that facilitates the scientific method.  Also, in terms of the Bayesian dialectic double helix metaphor, the double helical dialectic process results in a pre-conditioned chain of mindless reactions leading to 'becoming' (rebirth) and the associated suffering.

For more easily accessible background on the teachings of Buddha see the following linked video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tilBs32zN7I (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tilBs32zN7I)

We need to acknowledge and face suffering.in order to extinguish the flames of craving & aversion; which liberates us from suffering (from addiction & mental illness) via the noble eightfold path of: Right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration; which takes actual/real practice in order to develop a mind grounded in truth.

I present this series of post here for ease of reference to my prior posts in this thread related to the Holographic Interpretation of the Theory of Everything, HIOTTOE (which uses insights from both information science and its traditional counterpart mindfulness/Vipassana); however, new readers might also want to examine my posts in other threads including the "Adapting to the Anthropocene" and "Human Stupidity" threads.  While my presentation may seem unnecessarily convoluted (as was Hegel's), by the end of my following series of posts, it would be nice to believe that activist scientists could use the metaphor of a dialect double helix to help support evidence-based policy making.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 12:29:29 AM
The linked Wikipedia article entitled: "Thesis, antithesis synthesis", makes it clear that Fichte introduced this triad logic structure, while (per Mueller)for Hegel the dialectic did not mean the triad but rather the:

"Dialectic means that any "ism"--which has a polar opposite, or is a special viewpoint leaving "the rest" to itself--must be criticized by the logic of philosophical thought, whose problem is reality as such, the "World-itself."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thesis,_antithesis,_synthesis

Extract: "… Hegelian Dialectic as the process of a thought that passes through stages of a thesis, antithesis and synthesis … a beginning proposition called a thesis, (2) a negation of that thesis called the antithesis, and (3) a synthesis whereby the two conflicting ideas are reconciled to form a new proposition.

Kant concretises his ideas into:
•   Thesis: "The world has a beginning in time, and is limited with regard to space."
•   Antithesis: "The world has no beginning and no limits in space, but is infinite, in respect to both time and space."

Inasmuch as conjectures like these can be said to be resolvable, Fichte's Grundlage der gesammten Wissenschaftaslehre (1794) resolved Kant's dyad by synthesis, posing the question thus:
•   Are synthetic judgments a priori possible?
o   No synthesis is possible without a preceding antithesis. As little as antithesis without synthesis, or synthesis without antithesis, is possible; just as little possible are both without thesis.

Fichte employed the triadic idea "thesis–antithesis–synthesis" as a formula for the explanation of change.

According to Walter Kaufmann (1966), although the triad is often thought to form part of an analysis of historical and philosophical progress called the Hegelian dialectic, the assumption is erroneous:

Whoever looks for the stereotype of the allegedly Hegelian dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology will not find it. What one does find on looking at the table of contents is a very decided preference for triadic arrangements. ... But these many triads are not presented or deduced by Hegel as so many theses, antitheses, and syntheses. It is not by means of any dialectic of that sort that his thought moves up the ladder to absolute knowledge.

Gustav E. Mueller (1958) concurs that Hegel was not a proponent of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis, and clarifies what the concept of dialectic might have meant in Hegel's thought.
"Dialectic" does not for Hegel mean "thesis, antithesis, and synthesis." Dialectic means that any "ism"--which has a polar opposite, or is a special viewpoint leaving "the rest" to itself--must be criticized by the logic of philosophical thought, whose problem is reality as such, the "World-itself."

According to Mueller, the attribution of this tripartite dialectic to Hegel is the result of "inept reading" and simplistic translations which do not take into account the genesis of Hegel's terms:
Hegel's greatness is as indisputable as his obscurity. The matter is due to his peculiar terminology and style; they are undoubtedly involved and complicated, and seem excessively abstract. These linguistic troubles, in turn, have given rise to legends which are like perverse and magic spectacles - once you wear them, the text simply vanishes. Theodor Haering's monumental and standard work has for the first time cleared up the linguistic problem. By carefully analyzing every sentence from his early writings, which were published only in this century, he has shown how Hegel's terminology evolved - though it was complete when he began to publish. Hegel's contemporaries were immediately baffled, because what was clear to him was not clear to his readers, who were not initiated into the genesis of his terms.

An example of how a legend can grow on inept reading is this: Translate "Begriff" by "concept," "Vernunft" by "reason" and "Wissenschaft" by "science"--and they are all good dictionary translations--and you have transformed the great critic of rationalism and irrationalism into a ridiculous champion of an absurd pan-logistic rationalism and scientism.
The most vexing and devastating Hegel legend is that everything is thought in "thesis, antithesis, and synthesis."

In my last post I noted that in the Bayesian/Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor, the double helical dialectic process results in a pre-conditioned chain of mindless reactions (or –isms) leading to 'becoming' (rebirth) and the associated suffering. In this sense it is clear why the Buddha recommended following the middle path between such extremes, and that the middle path can be reached by the progressive application of atapi-sanpajano-satima.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 12:34:29 AM
I note that per HIOTTOE, the Holographic Universe can be considered as a free will information network with a recurring fractal-like information structure.  So if one considers the Hegelian dialectic double helix as a metaphor for a chaotic strange attractor, one should not be surprised to find this fractal-like metaphor useful at many different scales and applicable to many different information driven chaotic systems (e.g. socio-economic, biological, psychological, political, etc).
Thus before returning to the topic of how to refine/update the Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor, using information science, I present one recent example of the application of this dialectic in politics.

Here, Trump's definition of "fake news" as any reporting that makes his administration look bad; can lead to a mainstream media thesis that alt-right populism is leading to Orwellian Newspeak to and its totalitarian implementation to prevent "thoughtcrime".  However, per the dialectic interpretation, this led to the alt-right media antithesis that we do not need to be concerned by Trump totalitarian Newspeak because any such systems are brittle and will soon collapse under their own weight.  Rather they warn that we should all be more concerned by the 'globalist' hidden agenda illustrated in Huxley's book "Brave New Worlds".

An example of the thesis, about Trump and Newspeak, can be found in the first linked article entitled "Trump's cabinet is cleverer than you think":

http://felixonline.co.uk/comment/6838/trumps-cabinet-is-cleverer-than-you-think/ (http://felixonline.co.uk/comment/6838/trumps-cabinet-is-cleverer-than-you-think/)

Extract: "The simplicity of Trump’s language is staggering. His vocabulary is incredibly basic and his sentences are very short – it is far from that expected of a statesman. George W. Bush managed words with more syllables. On the campaign trail this lack of linguistic ability exposed the man as a semi-coherent orator with barely the capacity for holding office. Countless times were the words "great", "terrible", "strong", "weak", "winning" and "losing" used, and always in their direct pairs.

Now in power, this simplicity has become more sinister and is reminiscent of Newspeak, the language used in Orwell’s dystopia. Its purpose is to "diminish the range of thought", to suit the ideological needs of the Party by removing all but the essential meaning of words so as to prevent thoughtcrime. In the case of the Trump administration, this particular set of words and others have been used to the point where they have lost all but their bare meaning."

Now combine this basic, unequivocal language with how the administration delivers information and you get a recipe for something that is in the same vein as the Ministry of Truth. The persistent television interviews with Kellyanne Conway or Stephen Miller, as well as the painful press conferences with Sean Spicer, seem to give different narratives as they go and then finally agree on a common line of thought, somewhat akin to the work of Orwell’s protagonist Winston in Minitrue when he has to sift through old news articles and reports altering information to suit the Party. When Oceania changes adversaries in the war from Eurasia to Eastasia, the history of the perpetual conflict is entirely rewritten, resulting in public outrage that Eastasia was the enemy all along, with blind disregard for the past. This is because of the bare meaning of the language and its constructs, and how it has subsequently discouraged thoughtcrime."

An example of the antithesis can be found in the second linked article entitled: "Trump presidency sparks debate over George Orwell and Aldous Huxley":

http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/review/trump-presidency-sparks-debate-over-george-orwell-and-aldous-huxley/news-story/8b909a6d82673c090988fadbfa7d51d8 (http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/review/trump-presidency-sparks-debate-over-george-orwell-and-aldous-huxley/news-story/8b909a6d82673c090988fadbfa7d51d8)

Extract: "The sales boost has sparked a debate about who was right, Huxley in 1932 or Orwell in 1949. Both novels are set in a dystopian future. The dystopias are achieved differently — Orwell went for repression, poverty and the Junior Anti-Sex League; Huxley for technology, drugs, entertainment and sex — but the outcomes are much the same: the state is all-powerful.

The Nineteen Eighty-Four quote I’d like to pull out, though, is: “The Party told you to reject the evidence of your eyes and ears. It was their final, most essential command.” Trump was there for everyone’s eyes to see and ears to hear, and he was elected, not rejected.

Orwell created a Stalinist totalitarian world, the sort of state the West feared through the long Cold War. Yet, as Christopher Hitchens observed in 1999, Orwell’s “house of horrors” collapsed soon after the year in which he set the novel. The Berlin Wall came down, the Soviet Union separated. “Huxley,” he wrote, “rightly foresaw that any such regime could break because it could not bend.”

I’m leaning to the Huxleyites in this debate: “What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. Orwell feared we would become a captive culture. Huxley feared we would become a trivial culture.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 01:07:16 AM
Another example of the application of the Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor to current socio-economics, and associated politics, can be based on the human dynamics cited in Nicholas Taleb's book: "Antifragility: Things that Gain from Disorder".  Bannon has retained Nicholas Taleb as a consultant; which can lead to a mainstream media thesis that the kleptocratic Team Trump is intentionally creating disruption in order to grab power/resources during the ensuing disorder.

This thesis is supported by the linked article is entitled: "Populist Masculinity and the Suspension of Order".  The article indicates that Trump's populist masculinity demands crisis/disorder so that it garner power.

https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2017/02/populist-masculinity-and-the-suspension-of-order.html (https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2017/02/populist-masculinity-and-the-suspension-of-order.html)

Extract: "Populist masculinity can be seen as a pyramid scheme with Trump at the top, surrounded by his uber-rich and uber-right cronies. Below this highest level of the pyramid reside the celebrity class of the alt-right such as Milo Yiannopoulos and Mike Cernovich. These mid-tier populists resell Trumpian populism to the people lower down the pyramid in the hope of building sufficient cultural and financial capital to elevate themselves further up the pyramid (they certainly have little genuine interest in those further down). At the base of the pyramid are the much-famed “white working class” and their various economic and racial permutations who suffer certain masculine anxieties. Some of those anxieties, such as the loss of identity in a globalized labor market, are forgivable; others, such as the loss of white male privilege, are not.

What this pyramid suggests is that there is no such singular thing as “populist masculinity,” rather a spectrum of populist masculinities with different hopes, dreams and anxieties. In order to do justice to these diverse experiences, let alone construct compelling alternatives that will draw people away from Trump, it is necessary to think more creatively around the subject of how masculinity functions right now. There are multiple dynamics at play behind populist masculinity. One of these is the suspension of order.

In short, populist masculinity casts masculinity in a state of exception. By framing masculinity as under attack by liberal values, populist masculinity invokes exceptional powers to assert regressive forms of masculinity that in non-exceptional circumstances might appear unreasonable. We hear much about the so-called “crisis of masculinity.” The crucial pivot here is that masculinity is not in crisis, rather masculinity demands crisis. When crisis ensues, unexpected proposals may suddenly appear on the table: the suppression of women and atypical men, martial law, or any number of other unsavory things justified by alternative facts that would not seem credible in normal circumstances.

All such strategies require an intellectual mentor, and populist masculinity may find one in Nassim Nicholas Taleb, whose book Antifragile: Things That Gain From Disorder argues for the need to thrive in what might otherwise be described as the state of exception. Taleb may not know it, but Antifragile enjoys a certain cult status within populist masculinity. A quick search on the forum of populist masculinist Roosh V shows many references to the man and the concept. Given Taleb is known for his bully-boy tactics and his tendency on Twitter to gauge a man’s worth by how much he can deadlift, perhaps Taleb will function not just as intellectual mentor, but intellectual attack dog."

This create the antithesis that it is inevitable that 'globalist' leader in disruptive technology companies like Mark Zuckerberg in Facebook and other comparable leader in Google/Alphabets, Apple, Facebook, Uber, Airbnb, Tesla, SpaceX, Amazon, etc., will increasingly impact politics in order to compete against the thesis that the alt-right isolationists are using disruption to grab more power away from the globalists.  The second linked article entitled: "Mark Zuckerberg: Progress ‘requires’ embrace of ‘global community’", supports the antithesis position:

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/feb/17/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-founder-progress-requires/ (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/feb/17/mark-zuckerberg-facebook-founder-progress-requires/)

Extract: "Facebook founder Marck Zuckerberg left no doubt Thursday where he stands on the issue of globalism: progress “requires” it, he said.

Mr. Zuckerberg said in a statement called “Building Global Community” on his social-media platform that globalism is “the next step” for humanity, even if advocates face tough questions whether they can “make a global community that works for everyone.”

“Our greatest opportunities are now global — like spreading prosperity and freedom, promoting peace and understanding, lifting people out of poverty, and accelerating science,” Mr. Zuckerberg wrote. “Our greatest challenges also need global responses — like ending terrorism, fighting climate change, and preventing pandemics. Progress now requires humanity coming together not just as cities or nations, but also as a global community.”"

See also:
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/shortcuts/2017/feb/17/facebook-manifesto-mark-zuckerberg-letter-world-politics (https://www.theguardian.com/technology/shortcuts/2017/feb/17/facebook-manifesto-mark-zuckerberg-letter-world-politics)

&

http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2017/02/20/cuban-trump-cant-stop-rise-robots-and-their-effect-us-jobs/98155374/ (http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2017/02/20/cuban-trump-cant-stop-rise-robots-and-their-effect-us-jobs/98155374/)

Furthermore, I note that in the current early phases of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4th IR), sharing companies like Uber and Airbnb (and soon Tesla with self-driving-car ownership sharing groups) are made possible not only by the spread of smartphones (with GPS), but also by internet social networks for evaluating the offered services; by a surplus of cars & housing; degrading services; and by opportunities for hard-driving (disruptive) smart entrepreneurs (who knew how to work the legal system including the use lobbyists) in a high-pressure natural selection environment (where many other start-ups failed).  Other examples of the disruptive-growth nature of the 4th IR include: (a) both Google and Microsoft have announced that they will begin selling commercial general purpose quantum computers in 2017 (& I note that Obama signed a bill to support the development of a quantum Internet in the next few years); and (b) both SpaceX and Blue Origins have announced commercial trips to the moon by 2018 (see the linked article below).

http://mashable.com/2017/03/03/elon-musk-jeff-bezos-moon-plans/#1.VbupfXNqqj (http://mashable.com/2017/03/03/elon-musk-jeff-bezos-moon-plans/#1.VbupfXNqqj)

Another example of the use of the dialectic to help understand the politicization of technical issues, I note that Trump has pulled the traditionally Democrats issue of infrastructure jobs into the kleptocratic sphere by means of proposed new Public-Private-Partnership (P3) legislation where concession rights to otherwise public infrastructure would be granted to private parties (many part of the kleptocracy) in exchange for access to trillions of dollars of currently untapped private monies.  However, if firms like Apple, Alphabet etc (globalist firms with billions of dollars of underutilized monies) take advantage of the new P3 legislation and use their advanced AI/IoT to out compete the isolationist kleptocrats in the infrastructure market then we could very soon have smart infrastructure to go along with our smart phones, smart cars, smart rockets and smart robots.  Further, once in the brick and mortar market such information based Dad firms can quickly go beyond Amazons new self-checkout stores into the hot-bedding of infrastructure where say one company uses a restaurant building for specialty breakfast & lunch and another uses it for specialty dinners, all facilitated by the IoT.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 01:14:07 AM
As motivation for updating the traditional Hegelian dialectic, I note that most rational people agree that capitalism needs to be reformed as an institution; in face of both the 4th IR (supported by globalists to aim for increased worldwide interdependence) and the isolationist nationalistic worldwide populist movements.  In this regards, I note that Marx believed that the nature of "postcapitalism" will be largely determined by information science.

In the following linked article Paul Mason makes it clear that Marx has been mis-understood for over a century (see the second link to an open access copy of: "The Fragment on Machines" by Karl Marx); in much the same way that Hegel has frequently been misinterpreted:

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jul/17/postcapitalism-end-of-capitalism-begun (http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jul/17/postcapitalism-end-of-capitalism-begun)

Extract: "Capitalism, it turns out, will not be abolished by forced-march techniques. It will be abolished by creating something more dynamic that exists, at first, almost unseen within the old system, but which will break through, reshaping the economy around new values and behaviours. I call this postcapitalism.

As with the end of feudalism 500 years ago, capitalism’s replacement by postcapitalism will be accelerated by external shocks and shaped by the emergence of a new kind of human being. And it has started.

New forms of ownership, new forms of lending, new legal contracts: a whole business subculture has emerged over the past 10 years, which the media has dubbed the “sharing economy”. Buzzwords such as the “commons” and “peer-production” are thrown around, but few have bothered to ask what this development means for capitalism itself.

I believe it offers an escape route – but only if these micro-level projects are nurtured, promoted and protected by a fundamental change in what governments do. And this must be driven by a change in our thinking – about technology, ownership and work. So that, when we create the elements of the new system, we can say to ourselves, and to others: “This is no longer simply my survival mechanism, my bolt hole from the neoliberal world; this is a new way of living in the process of formation.”

Even now many people fail to grasp the true meaning of the word “austerity”. Austerity is not eight years of spending cuts, as in the UK, or even the social catastrophe inflicted on Greece. It means driving the wages, social wages and living standards in the west down for decades until they meet those of the middle class in China and India on the way up.

Innovation is happening but it has not, so far, triggered the fifth long upswing for capitalism that long-cycle theory would expect. The reasons lie in the specific nature of information technology.
...
We’re surrounded not just by intelligent machines but by a new layer of reality centred on information.

There is, alongside the world of monopolised information and surveillance created by corporations and governments, a different dynamic growing up around information: information as a social good, free at the point of use, incapable of being owned or exploited or priced. I’ve surveyed the attempts by economists and business gurus to build a framework to understand the dynamics of an economy based on abundant, socially-held information. But it was actually imagined by one 19th-century economist in the era of the telegraph and the steam engine. His name? Karl Marx.

In the “Fragment” Marx imagines an economy in which the main role of machines is to produce, and the main role of people is to supervise them. He was clear that, in such an economy, the main productive force would be information. The productive power of such machines as the automated cotton-spinning machine, the telegraph and the steam locomotive did not depend on the amount of labour it took to produce them but on the state of social knowledge. Organisation and knowledge, in other words, made a bigger contribution to productive power than the work of making and running the machines.

Given what Marxism was to become – a theory of exploitation based on the theft of labour time – this is a revolutionary statement. It suggests that, once knowledge becomes a productive force in its own right, outweighing the actual labour spent creating a machine, the big question becomes not one of “wages versus profits” but who controls what Marx called the “power of knowledge”.

In these musings, not published until the mid-20th century, Marx imagined information coming to be stored and shared in something called a “general intellect” – which was the mind of everybody on Earth connected by social knowledge, in which every upgrade benefits everybody. In short, he had imagined something close to the information economy in which we live. And, he wrote, its existence would “blow capitalism sky high”.
...
With the terrain changed, the old path beyond capitalism imagined by the left of the 20th century is lost.

But a different path has opened up. Collaborative production, using network technology to produce goods and services that only work when they are free, or shared, defines the route beyond the market system. It will need the state to create the framework – just as it created the framework for factory labour, sound currencies and free trade in the early 19th century. The postcapitalist sector is likely to coexist with the market sector for decades, but major change is happening.

By creating millions of networked people, financially exploited but with the whole of human intelligence one thumb-swipe away, info-capitalism has created a new agent of change in history: the educated and connected human being.

This will be more than just an economic transition. There are, of course, the parallel and urgent tasks of decarbonising the world and dealing with demographic and fiscal timebombs. But I’m concentrating on the economic transition triggered by information because, up to now, it has been sidelined. Peer-to-peer has become pigeonholed as a niche obsession for visionaries, while the “big boys” of leftwing economics get on with critiquing austerity.

So how do we visualise the transition ahead? The only coherent parallel we have is the replacement of feudalism by capitalism – and thanks to the work of epidemiologists, geneticists and data analysts, we know a lot more about that transition than we did 50 years ago when it was “owned” by social science. The first thing we have to recognise is: different modes of production are structured around different things. Feudalism was an economic system structured by customs and laws about “obligation”. Capitalism was structured by something purely economic: the market. We can predict, from this, that postcapitalism – whose precondition is abundance – will not simply be a modified form of a complex market society. But we can only begin to grasp at a positive vision of what it will be like.

I don’t mean this as a way to avoid the question: the general economic parameters of a postcapitalist society by, for example, the year 2075, can be outlined. But if such a society is structured around human liberation, not economics, unpredictable things will begin to shape it.

The feudal model of agriculture collided, first, with environmental limits and then with a massive external shock – the Black Death. After that, there was a demographic shock: too few workers for the land, which raised their wages and made the old feudal obligation system impossible to enforce. The labour shortage also forced technological innovation. The new technologies that underpinned the rise of merchant capitalism were the ones that stimulated commerce (printing and accountancy), the creation of tradeable wealth (mining, the compass and fast ships) and productivity (mathematics and the scientific method).

Present throughout the whole process was something that looks incidental to the old system – money and credit – but which was actually destined to become the basis of the new system. In feudalism, many laws and customs were actually shaped around ignoring money; credit was, in high feudalism, seen as sinful. So when money and credit burst through the boundaries to create a market system, it felt like a revolution. Then, what gave the new system its energy was the discovery of a virtually unlimited source of free wealth in the Americas.

A combination of all these factors took a set of people who had been marginalised under feudalism – humanists, scientists, craftsmen, lawyers, radical preachers and bohemian playwrights such as Shakespeare – and put them at the head of a social transformation. At key moments, though tentatively at first, the state switched from hindering the change to promoting it.

Today, the thing that is corroding capitalism, barely rationalised by mainstream economics, is information. Most laws concerning information define the right of corporations to hoard it and the right of states to access it, irrespective of the human rights of citizens. The equivalent of the printing press and the scientific method is information technology and its spillover into all other technologies, from genetics to healthcare to agriculture to the movies, where it is quickly reducing costs.

The modern equivalent of the long stagnation of late feudalism is the stalled take-off of the third industrial revolution, where instead of rapidly automating work out of existence, we are reduced to creating what David Graeber calls “bullshit jobs” on low pay. And many economies are stagnating.

The equivalent of the new source of free wealth? It’s not exactly wealth: it’s the “externalities” – the free stuff and wellbeing generated by networked interaction. It is the rise of non-market production, of unownable information, of peer networks and unmanaged enterprises. The internet, French economist Yann Moulier-Boutang says, is “both the ship and the ocean” when it comes to the modern equivalent of the discovery of the new world. In fact, it is the ship, the compass, the ocean and the gold.

The modern day external shocks are clear: energy depletion, climate change, ageing populations and migration. They are altering the dynamics of capitalism and making it unworkable in the long term. They have not yet had the same impact as the Black Death – but as we saw in New Orleans in 2005, it does not take the bubonic plague to destroy social order and functional infrastructure in a financially complex and impoverished society.

Once you understand the transition in this way, the need is not for a supercomputed Five Year Plan – but a project, the aim of which should be to expand those technologies, business models and behaviours that dissolve market forces, socialise knowledge, eradicate the need for work and push the economy towards abundance. I call it Project Zero – because its aims are a zero-carbon-energy system; the production of machines, products and services with zero marginal costs; and the reduction of necessary work time as close as possible to zero.

The main contradiction today is between the possibility of free, abundant goods and information; and a system of monopolies, banks and governments trying to keep things private, scarce and commercial. Everything comes down to the struggle between the network and the hierarchy: between old forms of society moulded around capitalism and new forms of society that prefigure what comes next.

We need more than just a bunch of utopian dreams and small-scale horizontal projects. We need a project based on reason, evidence and testable designs, that cuts with the grain of history and is sustainable by the planet. And we need to get on with it."

For an open access copy of: "The Fragment on Machines" by Karl Marx see:

http://thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf (http://thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf)


Furthermore, the following linked book by John Bellamy Foster (2016) is entitled: "Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature", and it indicates that Karl Marx thought of the human body as part of the natural world and called nature an extension of our bodies.  Thus Marx's ideas for the use of information theory to re-shape our post-capitalistic global socio-economic system should result in an improved relationship between mankind and Mother Nature.

http://monthlyreview.org/product/marxs_ecology/ (http://monthlyreview.org/product/marxs_ecology/)

Promotional summary: "Progress requires the conquest of nature. Or does it? This new account overturns conventional interpretations of Marx and in the process outlines a more rational approach to the current environmental crisis.

Marx, it is often assumed, cared only about industrial growth and the development of economic forces. John Bellamy Foster examines Marx’s neglected writings on capitalist agriculture and soil ecology, philosophical naturalism, and evolutionary theory. He shows that Marx, known as a powerful critic of capitalist society, was also deeply concerned with the changing human relationship to nature.

Marx’s Ecology covers many other thinkers, including Epicurus, Charles Darwin, Thomas Malthus, Ludwig Feuerbach, P. J. Proudhon, and William Paley.

By reconstructing a materialist conception of nature and society, Marx’s Ecology challenges the spiritualism prevalent in the modern Green movement, pointing toward a method that offers more lasting and sustainable solutions to the ecological crisis."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 01:36:27 AM
I intentionally adopted the metaphor of a Hegelian dialectic double helix, because modern information science has now allowed microbiology to synthetically manipulate the Adenine (A), Cytosine (C), Thymine (T) and Guanine (G) and the double helical sugar phosphate backbone of DNA (see the first attached image) to create incredibly dense, accurate and stable information storage devices, as discussed in the linked article entitled: "To make better computers, researchers turn to molecular biology".

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2017/0302/To-make-better-computers-researchers-look-to-microbiology (http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2017/0302/To-make-better-computers-researchers-look-to-microbiology)

Extract: "DNA, where all of biology's information is stored, is incredibly dense. The whole genome of an organism fits into a cell that is invisible to the naked eye.

That's why computer scientists are turning to molecular biology to design the next best way to store humanity's ever-increasing collection of digital data.

George Church, a geneticist at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, first used DNA as storage for digital information in 2012, which he reported in a paper published in the journal Science. At the time, he revealed his success during an interview on the Colbert Report by showing Stephen Colbert a tiny piece of paper on which there was a small spot that contained millions of copies of Dr. Church's book, "Regenesis," in the form of DNA.

Computer engineers have created some amazingly small devices, capable of storing entire libraries of music and movies in the palm of your hand. But geneticists say Mother Nature can do even better.

DNA, where all of biology's information is stored, is incredibly dense. The whole genome of an organism fits into a cell that is invisible to the naked eye.

That's why computer scientists are turning to microbiology to design the next best way to store humanity's ever-increasing collection of digital data."

This work opens up the interpretation of the traditional Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor to all of the lessons learned from the application of information science to understanding both evolutionarily driven DNA and the 4th Industrial Revolution driven 'regenesis' of DNA for information technology.  Hopefully, this will help facilitate Hegel's goal of moving beyond '-isms" so that we can better understand the dynamic world for what is truly is (see the second and third attached images).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: LRC1962 on March 06, 2017, 05:16:39 AM
Another way we are isolating ourselves. Depending upon computer technology for everything. See what happens at work when there is no power. Also in this day and age of economic efficiency and just in time deliveries, true redundancy is a fiction and as we can see by brown outs and blackouts even in the richest countries electric power is always a step away from collapse and therefore no computers. Another influencing natural factor that could rapidly change current direction of isolation can be found here.
Quote
"If the eruption had occurred only one week earlier, Earth would have been in the line of fire.
https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/23jul_superstorm] [url]https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/23jul_superstorm (http://[url)[/url]
The odds of a hit?
Quote
"In my view the July 2012 storm was in all respects at least as strong as the 1859 Carrington event," says Baker. "The only difference is, it missed."

In February 2014, physicist Pete Riley of Predictive Science Inc. published a paper in Space Weather entitled "On the probability of occurrence of extreme space weather events."  In it, he analyzed records of solar storms going back 50+ years.  By extrapolating the frequency of ordinary storms to the extreme, he calculated the odds that a Carrington-class storm would hit Earth in the next ten years.

The answer: 12%.
Costs?
Quote
In a 2013 report, Lloyd's of London, the insurance market, put the population at risk of a massive storm at "between 20-40 million with durations up to 1-2 years," depending "largely on the availability of spare replacement transformers." The cost of such a recovery would range between $600 billion and $2.6 trillion.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2016-04-solar-storm-big-urgency.html (https://phys.org/news/2016-04-solar-storm-big-urgency.html)
Recovery time from a business view point?
Quote
During the Carrington event, people saw auroras as far south as Cuba. The storm also knocked out telegraph systems in much of the Northern Hemisphere. But "knocked out" doesn't quite cover it, as this anecdote from NASA makes clear:

Spark discharges shocked telegraph operators and set the telegraph paper on fire. Even when telegraphers disconnected the batteries powering the lines, aurora-induced electric currents in the wires still allowed messages to be transmitted.

And this was before we relied on an expansive electrical grid, radio waves, satellites, computers, and other systems that are highly susceptible to solar storms.

Today a Carrington event-like storm would be more devastating than at any other point in history. In fact, a powerful event may cause $2 trillion in damage just in the first year, according to the US government, and take 4 to 10 years for the planet to recover.
My edit: Knock outed the power in Quebec for millions for
http://www.businessinsider.com/solar-storm-effects-electronics-energy-grid-2016-3 (http://www.businessinsider.com/solar-storm-effects-electronics-energy-grid-2016-3)

Another acrticle:
Quote
The Canadian province of Quebec's electrical grid wasn't able to handle the load and went entirely offline. For 12 hours, in the freezing Quebec winter, almost the entire province was without power. I'm telling you, that place gets cold, so this was really bad timing.
Quote
Follow your imagination back to Thursday, September 1st, 1859. This was squarely in the middle of the Victorian age.

And not the awesome, fictional Steampunk Victorian age where spectacled gentleman and ladies of adventure plied the skies in their steam-powered brass dirigibles.

No, it was the regular crappy Victorian age of cholera and child labor. Technology was making huge leaps and bounds, however, and the first telegraph lines and electrical grids were getting laid down.

Imagine a really primitive version of today's electrical grid and internet.
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia2/ciencia_solarstorm48.htm (http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia2/ciencia_solarstorm48.htm)
I believe it could be even longer as dependence on the electron is so prevalent you have a chicken and egg problem. Cannot do one without the other. Only a 12% chance, but then in 1980 the Arctic was not supposed to able to melt out until 2100's.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: sidd on March 06, 2017, 05:39:37 AM
Re: Huxley and Orwell

I’m leaning to the Huxleyites in this debate: "What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. Orwell feared those who would deprive us of information. Huxley feared those who would give us so much that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism. Orwell feared that the truth would be concealed from us. Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. Orwell feared we would become a captive culture. Huxley feared we would become a trivial culture.”

1) Heeheeeheee. Welcome to the Huxley club. I was once a member, but see below.

2) To go along with your Hegelian dialectic, why not both ?

3) In these respects see Sheldon Wolin and "Inverted Totalitarianism"

sidd
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: DrTskoul on March 06, 2017, 01:09:09 PM
https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1578.msg105523.html#msg105523

ASLR. What about the infeasibility of abundant goods, zero work and 9-10B people, given limited resources?
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 05:44:17 PM
Re: Huxley and Orwell
...
2) To go along with your Hegelian dialectic, why not both ?
...
sidd
sidd,

My point in presenting the Hegelian dialectic is that both currently exist and will continue to exist in the future due to society's increasing polarity; which in my opinion will lead to a socio-economic collapse in the 2045 to 2060 timeframe, because people insist on misinterpreting Hegel's goal of reducing "-isms" (Scientism, Buddhism, Totalitarianism, Communism, Capitalism, etc.); which I believe can best be achieved by the application of atapi sanpajano satima.  Unfortunately, most people are too lazy (or have too much mental impurity) to think rationally and to avoid "magic" thinking.  Too many people magically think that controlling/owning objectified things is the path to happiness; when in fact the opposite is true.  To many people magically think that skills are the ability to gain control/ownership of objectified things; when is actuality skill is the ability to rationally see that such behavior leads to continuing suffering.  Too many people magically think that their cravings/aversions are expressions of their "free will", when a rational interpretation of free will means that you accept other peoples free will and thus that you do not crave objectifying them nor do you fear being objectified by them (because your true free will is your own (within a free will information network) and cannot be controlled by others but only misdirected by your own mental impurities).

Best,
ASLR
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 06:13:35 PM
https://forum.arctic-sea-ice.net/index.php/topic,1578.msg105523.html#msg105523

ASLR. What about the infeasibility of abundant goods, zero work and 9-10B people, given limited resources?

DrTskoul,

My point in presenting Marx's vision of an information based (i.e. rational) society freeing man to behave like a species-being; is not to say that merely noting and describing a dialectic socio-economic pattern guarantees that society will achieve that end before a major collapse occurs.  Once one identifies that a thesis is an incomplete dogmatic '-ism' that facilitates the creation of an incomplete dogmatic antithesis as a balancing '-ism'; does not mean that the resulting cyclic conflicts and the ensuing synthesis is sustainable.  What it means is that for those who have the grit to practice atapi sanpajano satima, that their is a progressive/cyclic means to dampen the dialectic oscillations an to converge towards Hegel's goal of reduced suffering by rationally accepting reality as it truly is, not as how one magically (pre-conditionally) wish it to be.  In this sense natural selection has allowed the strange attractor structure of DNA's double helix to move life from microorganisms to empathic human being with truly impressive potential; but that does not guarantee that DNA will also support Cads (opportunists or parasites that take advantage of their hosts) who rely on deception to distort Darwin's natural selection into opportunistic 'survival of the fittest' thinking.  Natural selection recognizes that the existence of parasites can accelerate evolution (which is probably the main reason that Homo Sapiens evolved in Africa).

As I have stated previously, I believe that as a society that we are heading towards a collapse circa 2045 to 2060; and that the survivors will be divided into two camps.  One adopting cyborg type technology and who cling to the magic thinking the power over others will bring happiness; and the other learning the lessons of the recent collapse will focus on accepting that the changing nature of reality demands that people resist pre-conditioning on a real time basis thus updating themselves using scientific Bayesian logic to live happily in the moment in a sustainable fashion accepting the free will of others and not objectifying them.

Best,
ASLR

Edit: The attached image shows that the top 10% of the world's population accounts for essentially 50% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions.  Under Communism Russia had a relatively high per capita emission rate and now under kleptocratic Capitalism it still has a relatively high per capita emission rate.  This indicates that a Hegelian resolution of the double helical dialectic is not that one side or the other wins, but that '-isms' like Communism and Capitalism are diminished; which I believe is best accomplished by application atapi sanpajano satima trinity to the thesis-antithesis-synthesis triad.

Edit 2: For more on how natural selection has resulted in approximately a 50-50 split of Cads vs Dads in the human genome see my Reply #263 in this thread.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: magnamentis on March 06, 2017, 06:53:48 PM
Re: Huxley and Orwell
...
2) To go along with your Hegelian dialectic, why not both ?
...
sidd
sidd,

My point in presenting the Hegelian dialectic is that both currently exist and will continue to exist in the future due to society's increasing polarity; which in my opinion will lead to a socio-economic collapse in the 2045 to 2060 timeframe, because people insist on misinterpreting Hegel's goal of reducing "-isms" (Scientism, Buddhism, Totalitarianism, Communism, Capitalism, etc.); which I believe can best be achieved by the application of atapi sanpajano satima.  Unfortunately, most people are too lazy (or have too much mental impurity) to think rationally and to avoid "magic" thinking.  Too many people magically think that controlling/owning objectified things is the path to happiness; when in fact the opposite is true.  To many people magically think that skills are the ability to gain control/ownership of objectified things; when is actuality skill is the ability to rationally see that such behavior leads to continuing suffering.  Too many people magically think that their cravings/aversions are expressions of their "free will", when a rational interpretation of free will means that you accept other peoples free will and thus that you do not crave objectifying them nor do you fear being objectified by them (because your true free will is your own (within a free will information network) and cannot be controlled by others but only misdirected by your own mental impurities).

Best,
ASLR

hat off ( hut ab )

a real pleasure like most of your posts but this one gets quite close to the roots where should there ever be, would lay the solutions as well. sorry that my relatively poor english skills do no allow for better wording but
i just wanted to submit my genuine compliments. for me it's a rare thing and a great pleasure to read so much from one person in various fields without feeling the urge to either relativate and/or add something LOL

keep goin'
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 06, 2017, 10:05:47 PM
The first linked open access Feb 23, 2017 article is entitled: "An Epigenetics Gold Rush: New Controls for Gene Expression", Nature, doi: 10.1038/542406a.  The epigenome (see the first attached image) is the "… broad array of chemical marks that decorate DNA and its protein scaffold.  These marks act like a chemical notation, telling the cell which genes to express and which to keep silent.  As such, the epigenome helps to explain how cells with identical DNA can develop into the multitude of specialized types that make up different tissues."

http://www.nature.com/news/an-epigenetics-gold-rush-new-controls-for-gene-expression-1.21513 (http://www.nature.com/news/an-epigenetics-gold-rush-new-controls-for-gene-expression-1.21513)

As epigenetics is opening a gold mind for reading, writing to and regulating DNA/RNA expression (see the second image), so information science (say tunnel boring for information in the coming entangled quantum Internet) can open a new gold mine of information from models of human behavior (whether dialectic or embedded in state of the art Earth System models, see the second linked reference).

Finn Müller-Hansen, Maja Schlüter, Michael Mäs, Rainer Hegselmann, Jonathan F. Donges, Jakob J. Kolb, Kirsten Thonicke, and Jobst Heitzig (2017), "How to represent human behavior and decision making in Earth system models? A guide to techniques and approaches", Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., doi:10.5194/esd-2017-18

http://www.earth-syst-dynam-discuss.net/esd-2017-18/esd-2017-18.pdf (http://www.earth-syst-dynam-discuss.net/esd-2017-18/esd-2017-18.pdf)

Such work will fuel the 4th Industrial Revolution; but how mankind manages such an explosion of unlocked information is a separate matter.  The following bullet points provide some guidance on my opinions of how mankind can make the most of such an explosion of coming information in our current fragile (due to greed, fear and ignorance) global situation:

- When formulating models of strange attractors in chaotic systems (& in the Anthropocene this increasingly means modeling human behavior via such models as a Hegelian dialectic double helix) one needs to include terms representing: (a) tension in the elements playing the role of the base pairs (e.g. A-T, T-A, C-G, G-C) that both hold the two spiral backbones together and which represent the conflict between the two incomplete thesis and antithesis backbones; (b) terms representing the epigenome used to both edit and express the information contained in the double helix, and if possible (c) terms representing atapi sanpajano satima in order to allow for the iterative damping of oscillations in the dialectic if humans are willing to work towards such damping, and or to allow for excitation of the oscillations if human remain on their current egotistical BAU pathway.

- When representing the influence of increasingly powerful AI, one should include terms for AI's impact on both the thesis and antithesis backbones of the double helix; and if possible one should include evolutionary terms to allow for AWE (artificial wisdom evolution) as atapi sampajano satima is applied, thus diminishing ego and opening the system to more connectivity and less isolation.

-  If possible atapi sampajano satima should be applied at both big boat (systemic) and small boat (individual) levels, recognizing the fractal nature of our current wicked problems.

- Recognize that wisdom is where you find it, even if it is incomplete within '-isms' (such as Scientism, Judaism, Marxism, etc.); so long as one tests such second-hand wisdoms against our every changing reality (dhamma).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 07, 2017, 05:18:35 PM
Just a quick post to note that in Replies #254 & 259, I cited how opportunists (Cads) are already using deceptive AI to manipulate elections, markets, etc.  Thus by the dialectic double helix metaphor, evidenced-based individuals (such as scientists and Dads) would be justified in using AI internet bots to disseminate truthful and/or positive messages of how to address our multiple wick problems including climate change.

Perhaps, such evidenced-base individuals could use the metaphor of messenger RNA (see the attached image) to intuitively explain how they are using such positive AI internet bots to fix our broken Hegelian dialectic double helix dynamic.

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 07, 2017, 05:24:27 PM
Another quick post to note that scientists could also use the double helix metaphor to better explain to the public the fat-tail (PDF) risk of abrupt climate change due to the interaction of multiple climate attractors in a Hegelian dialectic double helix type fashion (resulting in strange attractor amplification of otherwise weak signals, as has been documented in paleoclimate studies).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 09, 2017, 01:35:17 AM
I imagine that some people might think that posting about a Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor as a tool for more effectively understanding our rapidly changing world during the 4th Industrial Revolution; is a bit contrived & of little purpose.  Nevertheless, I believe that such metaphors are very useful for exploring 'wick problems' and so the following is an attempt to extend the line of logic presented in my recent series of posts.

I previously acknowledged that the use of such metaphors is likely not going to prevent the coming socio-economic collapse (that I place around 2045 to 2060); nevertheless, I believe that better understanding the dynamics of the Anthropogene (where humans dominate the extant systems), should benefit those who survive the coming collapse (so I do not believe that such explorations are a waste of time).  Furthermore, I believe that part of truly understanding the human condition is to be actively working to reduce systemic related suffering, and not just to philosophize.

With that in mind, I begin by providing the following extracts from the linked paper by Robert B. Pippin, entitled: "Hegel and Institutional Rationality"
 
https://www.unf.edu/~hkoegler/Postmodernism/KoeglerDocs/OtherDocs/Pippin.pdf (https://www.unf.edu/~hkoegler/Postmodernism/KoeglerDocs/OtherDocs/Pippin.pdf)

Extract: ""Right is concerned with freedom," Hegel notes in the remark to Paragraph 215 in his Philosophy of Right, and freedom is “the worthiest and most sacred possession of man." In his account of the nature of this all-important freedom, Hegel makes two well known claims, and the problem I want to discuss is an obvious consequence of trying to think the two claims together.

First, according to Hegel philosophy is not concerned with the mere concept of such freedom, but with the concept and its "actuality" (Wirklichkeit).

… in the Introduction to the Lectures, that "Only in the state does man have rational existence," (LPWH, p. 94) and in his unpublished 1818-19 Rechtsphilosophie lectures that it is “only in the state that the concept of freedom comes to its self-sufficient existence.” (VPR 18, p.222) Most speculatively: "The divine principle in the state is the Idea made manifest on earth."

But why would being a family member, or a bourgeois or a citizen count as being free? The appearance of the adjective "rational" in that last claim about “rational existence” and the exactly parallel formulations about reason on the one hand and freedom in its self-sufficient existence on the other, already signal the second claim I want to start from. Not any modern institution can be said to represent the actualization of freedom, and so only a few of one’s social roles can be said to embody “actual” ethical duties."

Next, I note that Hegel's focus on man's institutional rationality should work towards providing 'freedom', is comparable to my prior comments regarding my interpretation of Vipassana/HIOTTOE (with a free-will information network): that for a human should work towards refining ones pre-conditioned mind is the path to reduced suffering and that this best pursued by grounding the mind in reality via the mind-body relationship.  Following this analogy if one want to improve our modern institutions (e.g. capitalism, families, democracy, etc) to be more sustainable (with less suffering), one not only needs to improve information management/science, but also to create right institutional understanding/equanimity (sampajano) to deal with the 'tyranny of the small decision/commons'.  The current isolationist trend to address the 'tyranny of the common' problem by privatizing common goods (such as happened in kleptocratic Russia after the fall of the USSR, and is accelerating around the world with the alt-right populist movement), will only protect the top people (leading on a possible path to cyborgs).  However, hopefully better management of the massive amount of information coming with the 4th Industrial Revolution will result in more personal freedom (as envisioned by Marx); possibly by training AI to learn thinking patterns from mindful/moral individuals who understand loving kindness (Metta).
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 09, 2017, 05:06:59 PM
For those not familiar, the Tyranny of the Commons problem is a sub-set of the Tyranny of small decisions problem (see Wikipedia link and extracts below):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyranny_of_small_decisions (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyranny_of_small_decisions)


Extract : "Aristotle (384–322 BC) similarly argued against common goods of the polis of Athens:
For that which is common to the greatest number has the least care bestowed upon it. Everyone thinks chiefly of his own, hardly at all of the common interest; and only when he is himself concerned as an individual. For besides other considerations, everybody is more inclined to neglect the duty which he expects another to fulfill; as in families many attendants are often less useful than a few.
 
Thomas Mun (1571–1641), an English mercantilist, commented about decisions made with a myopic, small time perspective:

[T]hey search no further than the beginning of the work, which mis-informs their judgements, and leads them into error: For if we only behold the actions of the husbandman in the seed-time when he casteth away much good corn into the ground, we will rather account him a mad-man than a husbandman: but when we consider his labours in the harvest which is the end of his endeavours, we find the worth and plentiful increase of his actions.

Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk (1851–1914), an Austrian economist, observed that decisions made with small time perspectives can have a seductive quality:

It occurs frequently, I believe, that a person is faced with a choice between a present and a future satisfaction or dissatisfaction and that he decides in favor of lesser present pleasure even though he knows perfectly well, and is even explicitly aware at the moment he makes his choice, that the future disadvantage is the greater and that therefore his well-being, on the whole, suffers by reason of his choice. The "playboy" squanders his whole month's allowance in the first few days on frivolous dissipation. How clearly he anticipates his later embarrassment and deprivation! And yet he is unable to resist the temptations of the moment."

With this "Tyranny of the small decisions" background, it is clear that the capital behind capitalism is the compounded delayed gratification (possibly produced by labor) owned by the wealthy that is provided to labor in order to produce more "goods".  Unfortunately, capital without power produces nothing so consequently our current modern international capitalistic market place is driven by fossil fuel activated capital (plus resources of labor and material).  In this sense "Climate Cads" are addicted to the "goods" produced by modern international capitalism and are not currently willing to internalize the cost of the climate change related damage caused by fossil fuel to drive the capitalistic engineer that produces the "goods" they addictively want more and more of, even if this addiction means that future generations will likely suffer from societal collapse.

Obviously, the game theory mathematics of the "Tyranny of the small decisions" problem can be played in a very large number of ways in order to gain an improved Nash Equilibrium solution that considers both the common good of the whole planet and the "Social Cost of Carbon".
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 09, 2017, 05:21:33 PM
The real world contains multiple fat-tailed uncertainties that must be included in any game theory modeling of our current situation as decision makers are not entitled to assume that we all live in a stationary world (with limited fluctuations) rather than in a non-stationary climate change trending world where it is very important to consider that the further one moves down a BAU pathway the fatter the tail of the risk pdf becomes. Increased use of inductive thinking (which acknowledges the uncertainties of the fat-tailed risks rather than ignoring them) has historically allowed science to effectively tackle such fat-tailed problems, & I believe that von Clausewitz's "military genius" also uses such induction to identify solutions to complex problems clouded by "the fog of war".

In this regards, Taleb also discusses the philosophical problems of using induction and how past performance is no indicator of future performance.  Inductive reasoning, also known as induction, is a kind of reasoning that constructs or evaluates propositions (a priori) that are abstractions of observations of individual instances. Inductive reasoning contrasts with deductive reasoning in that a general conclusion is arrived at by specific examples.  Inductive reasoning allows for the possibility that the conclusion be false, even where all of the premises are true.

The philosopher C. D. Broad said that "induction is the glory of science and the scandal of philosophy" as the Scientific Method makes extensive use of induction.  Obviously, free will is a fundamental consideration for philosophy and also in earlier posts I touched upon the role of uncertainty as discussed by C.D. Broad (1925), in "The Mind and its Place in Nature", New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, Inc. as summarized by the following quote:

"The speculative philosopher and the scientific specialist are liable to two opposite mistakes. The former tends to deliver frontal attacks on Reality as a whole, armed only with a few wide general principles, and to neglect to isolate and master in detail particular problems. The latter tends to forget that he has violently abstracted one part or one aspect of Reality from the rest, and to imagine that the success which this abstraction has given him within a limited field justifies him in taking the principles which hold therein as the whole truth about the whole world. The one cannot see the trees for the wood, and the other cannot see the wood for the trees. The result of both kinds of mistake is the same, viz., to produce philosophical theories which may be self-consistent but which must be described as "silly". By a "silly" theory I mean one which may be held at the time when one is talking or writing professionally, but which only an inmate of a lunatic asylum would think of carrying into daily life."

C. D. Board is talking about induction & deduction address uncertainty differently when considered as a subset of IT's entropic uncertainty.  However, as humans generally do not relate well to IT (while the coming AI generally will); I provide the following alternate names for this IT dichotomy that also fit well into a Hegelian dialectic double helix metaphor:

(a) Speculative philosopher vs scientific specialist; (b) Yin vs Yang: (c) indeterministic vs deterministic; (d) Climate Dads vs Climate Cads; (e) Natural Section vs Survival of the Fittest; (f) Love is lyrical while Lust is lewd; (g) "one-with-everything" vs Tyranny of the small decision, (h) liberal vs conservative, and (i) ignorance is suffering vs ignorance is bliss.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 10, 2017, 07:52:47 PM
The linked article entitled :Physicists have created an “impossible” state of matter that could power quantum computers", indicates that oscillating time crystals could be used to make room temperature quantum computers (which would facilitate the development of higher-powered AI sooner rather than later).


https://qz.com/928609/physicists-have-created-an-impossible-state-of-matter-that-could-power-quantum-computers/ (https://qz.com/928609/physicists-have-created-an-impossible-state-of-matter-that-could-power-quantum-computers/)

The creators of the newly-announced time crystals aren’t fussed about definitions. They are, instead, excited by the possibility of using their methods to accelerate the development of quantum computers, which are predicted to be faster than any supercomputer that can be built with silicon chips.
Quantum computers require atoms to exist in entangled states, where changing the state of one automatically causes the other to change state too. At present, such states can be achieved only at extremely low temperatures. Lurkin got all the nitrogen atoms in his dirty diamond to change position together at a constant frequency—meaning they were held in quantum entanglement—and he did it at room temperature.
“In my main job, I use atoms to create quantum computers,” Monroe told me. “Our finding could help create larger quantum computers that don’t need to be at such cold temperatures.”

See also the reference entitled: "Observation of a discrete time crystal":

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v543/n7644/full/nature21413.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v543/n7644/full/nature21413.html)

& the reference entitled: "Observation of discrete time-crystalline order in a disordered dipolar many-body system"

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v543/n7644/full/nature21426.html (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v543/n7644/full/nature21426.html)

Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 12, 2017, 06:30:56 PM
Other examples of the disruptive-growth nature of the 4th IR include: (a) both Google and Microsoft have announced that they will begin selling commercial general purpose quantum computers in 2017 (& I note that Obama signed a bill to support the development of a quantum Internet in the next few years); and (b) both SpaceX and Blue Origins have announced commercial trips to the moon by 2018 (see the linked article below).

http://mashable.com/2017/03/03/elon-musk-jeff-bezos-moon-plans/#1.VbupfXNqqj (http://mashable.com/2017/03/03/elon-musk-jeff-bezos-moon-plans/#1.VbupfXNqqj)

The linked article entitled: "Amazon founder Jeff Bezos wants to colonize the moon", discusses the possibility that under the Trump Administration "… we could have Blue Origin setting the stage for a moon base while SpaceX is planning its Mars mission."

http://www.blastr.com/2017-3-10/jeff-bezos-blue-origin-colonize-moon (http://www.blastr.com/2017-3-10/jeff-bezos-blue-origin-colonize-moon)

Extract: "Blue Origin has mapped out a site within a crater at the south pole where there is water nearby and adequate sunlight for solar energy production as the potential site. Blue Origin hopes to ramp up deliveries by the mid-2020s. Where fellow private space firm SpaceX has already been working with NASA for a while, this marks Blue Origin's most obvious push to partner with the space agency for an initiative of this scope. If a partnership comes together, Bezos said he believes the first unmanned mission could take place as early as 2020.

No word yet on if NASA will get a partnership program off the ground, though the Trump administration has been far more open to the idea of a moon mission than former President Obama — so it stands to reason this pitch could certainly find an audience. If it does, we could have Blue Origin setting the stage for a moon base while SpaceX is planning its Mars mission."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 13, 2017, 05:57:57 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Reflecting on AI’s biggest challenges for society in 2017"; and it indicates that AI work needs to include consideration of ethics in the near term in order to produce 'SafeAI':

http://www.geektime.com/2017/03/13/reflecting-on-ais-biggest-challenges-for-society-in-2017/ (http://www.geektime.com/2017/03/13/reflecting-on-ais-biggest-challenges-for-society-in-2017/)

Extract: "Students of artificial intelligence are getting recruited like star athletes, but could a rush to get new technology on the field cause ethical lapses?

The Partnership on AI is the ultimate illustration of that. It’s a consortium co-founded by Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and IBM which just last month added two new members: Apple and OpenAI. The latter company, backed by Y-Combinator’s Sam Altman and SpaceX’s Elon Musk, is a company that will be at the center of machine discussion for years to come.

“We work on reinforcement learning, generative models, imitation learning, transfer learning, robotics. We do a lot of stuff,” says OpenAI Director of Communications Jack Clark, a company putting a square focus on the practical effects of new technology and so-called “SafeAI.”

“We try and build the most advanced AI systems we can and in doing so we try to find out where there needs to be safety work.  How can we develop techniques we can prove mathematically will have the *right outcomes? ‘We can give you 100 percent certainty that this won’t do ‘X.'”

OpenAI joined Partnership for a pretty simple reason: to steer the conversation toward the near future.

A side effect to this is collaboration across fields, not just companies. An example related to but not essential to the conversation on AI is nanotechnology, where chemists have had to work with physicists to produce next-generation mobile screens out of silver and gold nanowires.

“People are moving between the silos like they never used to before, but that requires a different way of communicating, being able to communicate about the fundamentals of your work but learn and absorb the fundamentals of your collaborator’s work,” Gorman reiterates. The consequence of this rapid evolution is not just one of anxiety, but a need to work in tandem.
The big change we will see in 2017 will come from corporate reinvesting in academic research."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 17, 2017, 09:13:33 PM
The linked reference demonstrates that the combined use of AI (i.e. machine learning), quantum computing and Bayesian inference can greatly assist in the effective modeling of 'wicked problems'.

Jianwei Wang, Stefano Paesani, Raffaele Santagati, Sebastian Knauer, Antonio A. Gentile, Nathan Wiebe, Maurangelo Petruzzella, Jeremy L. O’Brien, John G. Rarity, Anthony Laing, & Mark G. Thompson (2017), "Experimental quantum Hamiltonian learning", Nature Physics, doi:10.1038/nphys4074

http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys4074.html (http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nphys4074.html)

Abstract: "The efficient characterization of quantum systems, the verification of the operations of quantum devices and the validation of underpinning physical models, are central challenges for quantum technologies and fundamental physics. The computational cost of such studies could be improved by machine learning enhanced by quantum simulators. Here we interface two different quantum systems through a classical channel—a silicon-photonics quantum simulator and an electron spin in a diamond nitrogen–vacancy centre—and use the former to learn the Hamiltonian of the latter via Bayesian inference. We learn the salient Hamiltonian parameter with an uncertainty of approximately 10−5. Furthermore, an observed saturation in the learning algorithm suggests deficiencies in the underlying Hamiltonian model, which we exploit to further improve the model. We implement an interactive version of the protocol and experimentally show its ability to characterize the operation of the quantum photonic device."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 18, 2017, 11:49:29 PM
As we jointly approach the coming socio-economic collapse via systemic overshoot; the skill of discerning the truth will increasingly become an issue of critical importance.  In a world of uncertainties, one is separated from the truth in a Hegelian dialectic sense in that when one creates a thesis as an approximation of the truth one automatically creates an antithesis that sets the dialectic double helix spiral (of becoming) into motion.  In this sense, both ignorance of the truth, and/or denial of the truth, both have consequences (i.e. causes suffering), and the nature of those consequences (suffering) depends on which strand of the dialectic double helix one is considering.  This is truth for both active Cad vs Dad type interactions and for passive dialectic spirals like that discussed in the linked article entitled: "The ‘Spiral of Silence’ Theory Explains Why People Don’t Speak Up on Things That Matter".

http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2017/03/the-spiral-of-silence-explains-why-people-dont-speak-up.html?mid=facebook_nymag (http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2017/03/the-spiral-of-silence-explains-why-people-dont-speak-up.html?mid=facebook_nymag)

Extract: "If you’re like most Americans, you’re probably at least a little worried about climate change — and you probably aren’t talking about it. Research has shown that two-thirds of people in the U.S. say they’re “moderately interested” or “very interested” in global warming; at the same time, around 70 percent say they rarely or never broach the subject with the people close to them. It’s a paradox that also doubles as an explanation: Climate scientists have suggested that the reason people don’t discuss climate change is simply because they don’t hear it being discussed, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as the “spiral of silence.”

The term was coined by German political scientist Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann in her book The Spiral of Silence: Public Opinion — Our Social Skin, in which she observed that silence can manifest itself in different ways: Both people who hold majority opinions and those in the minority will often keep quiet on issues that are important to them, but they’ll do it for different reasons. But both of those reasons, explains Elizabeth Suhay, a political scientist who studies conformity, stem from a misjudgment about the prevalence of their opinions. “The majority just assumes that everybody thinks like them,” she says, “and people in the minority think they’re the only ones.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 23, 2017, 08:48:46 PM
This post is provided as a follow-up to my last post about developing the skill required to discern the truth in a 'wicked problem' type of system:
Denialists claim the right to use non-evidence-based alternate 'truths' to support their predetermined objectives; which can create a conflict/tension (in the Hegelian dialectical double helix sense) with evidence-based science.  Within the HIOTTOE framework, I submit that dialectically seeking evidenced based truths lead (in the limit) to an end of systemic isolation; which can be verified by the reduction/elimination of Hegelian dialectical conflict/tension and the associated rise of loving kindness (i.e. Metta, see Reply #59) within the system (information network) under consideration.  This is an important consideration when seeking a path forward for a 'wick problem' such as for the tyranny of small decisions leading to climate change driven socio-economic collapse; within the context of the coming 4th Industrial Revolution.  As currently being developed, AI can be used by both non-evidence-based, and evidenced-based, factions/spirals of a Hegelian dialectical double helix.  Thus AI programmers need to be provided with guidance on algorithm to use to parse the difference between non-evidence-based 'truths' and evidenced-based 'truths' within the context of a 'wick problem'.

Within HIOTTOE (based on a freewill information network), indirect knowledge (evidence) of freewill creates the illusion of change that in turn creates the illusions of time, space, matter, energy and a timelessly-evolved multi-dimensional multiverse.  This dynamic also creates the illusion of freewill for the non-evidence-based faction while direct knowledge is the only way to discern truth freewill.

For ease of reference, HIOTTOE means Holographic Cybernetic Organism (Holoborg) Interpretation of the Theory of Everything; to which other scientific theories such as: Quantum Theory, The Theory of Relativity, String Theory, and Quantum Gravity Theory; are considered to be subsets that deal only with indirect knowledge, and not direct, knowledge of the freewill information network (which in turn is assumed to be a subset of the laws of dhamma).  While the cultivation of direct knowledge leading to nibbana is best addressed by mindfulness techniques such as Vipassana, HIOTTOE is appropriate for dealing with indirect knowledge according to the rules of Information Theory/Science, and its use in 'wick problems' by institutions and socio-economic systems via metaphors including the Hegelian dialectic double helix.

In future posts I plan to elaborate on the use of Information Science, AI, HIOTTOE metaphors, art metaphors and the Hegel dialectic in order to discuss means to reduce the systemic isolation of institutions & socio-economic systems that are currently accelerating towards collapse.
With regards to recent AI developments, see also:

http://distill.pub/about/ (http://distill.pub/about/)
&
https://blog.openai.com/ (https://blog.openai.com/)
&
https://deepmind.com/ (https://deepmind.com/)
&
https://research.google.com/teams/brain/ (https://research.google.com/teams/brain/)
&
https://research.google.com/bigpicture/ (https://research.google.com/bigpicture/)
&
http://ycr.org/ (http://ycr.org/)

And as a correct understanding of HIOTTOE requires an appropriate understanding of information entropy, see the following reference that uses information theory to demonstrate how to extract more work from a closed system than can be achieved using only classical theory; which also has implications for interpretation of the evolution of entropy within a holographic universe.

Gianluca Francica, John Goold, Francesco Plastina & Mauro Paternostro (2017), "Daemonic ergotropy: enhanced work extraction from quantum correlations", npj Quantum Information 3, Article number: 12, doi:10.1038/s41534-017-0012-8.

http://www.nature.com/articles/s41534-017-0012-8 (http://www.nature.com/articles/s41534-017-0012-8)

Abstract: "We investigate how the presence of quantum correlations can influence work extraction in closed quantum systems, establishing a new link between the field of quantum non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the one of quantum information theory. We consider a bipartite quantum system and we show that it is possible to optimize the process of work extraction, thanks to the correlations between the two parts of the system, by using an appropriate feedback protocol based on the concept of ergotropy. We prove that the maximum gain in the extracted work is related to the existence of quantum correlations between the two parts, quantified by either quantum discord or, for pure states, entanglement. We then illustrate our general findings on a simple physical situation consisting of a qubit system."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 24, 2017, 01:14:16 AM
The linked article is entitled: “The Forces Driving Middle-Aged White People's 'Deaths Of Despair'”.  The message that I take away from this, is that both systems, and people, need to learn to honestly adapt to change, and they need to learn sooner rather than later.

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/03/23/521083335/the-forces-driving-middle-aged-white-peoples-deaths-of-despair (http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/03/23/521083335/the-forces-driving-middle-aged-white-peoples-deaths-of-despair)

Extract: “In a follow-up to their groundbreaking 2015 work, they say that a lack of steady, well-paying jobs for whites without college degrees has caused pain, distress and social dysfunction to build up over time. The mortality rate for that group, ages 45 to 54, increased by a half percent each year from 1999 to 2013.

But whites with college degrees haven't suffered the same lack of economic opportunity and haven't seen the same loss of life expectancy. The study was published Thursday in Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.

Case and Deaton, who are both at Princeton University, spoke with NPR's David Greene about what's driving these trends.”
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 24, 2017, 01:51:10 AM
As a follow-up to my last post, the linked article is entitled: "Missing 2 to 3 hours of sleep has same crash risk as driving drunk, finds AAA report".  This illustrate that just pushing harder (on ourselves and those around us) is actually part of the problem.

http://www.cos-mag.com/employee-wellness/31945-missing-2-to-3-hours-of-sleep-has-same-crash-risk-as-driving-drunk-finds-aaa-report/ (http://www.cos-mag.com/employee-wellness/31945-missing-2-to-3-hours-of-sleep-has-same-crash-risk-as-driving-drunk-finds-aaa-report/)

Extract: "The report found that in a 24-hour period, crash risk for sleep-deprived drivers increased steadily when compared to drivers who slept the recommended seven hours or more:
•Six to seven hours of sleep: 1.3 times the crash risk
•Five to six hours of sleep: 1.9 times the crash risk
•Four to five hours of sleep: 4.3 times the crash risk
•Less than four hours of sleep: 11.5 times the crash risk.

Nearly one in three people surveyed by the foundation admit that at least once in the past month they drove when they were so tired they had a hard time keeping their eyes open."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: wili on March 24, 2017, 03:49:05 AM
Great couple of links, ASLR.

On the first one, it should be pointed out that Blacks and many other minorities have worse stats on jobs, especially those without college degrees. Blacks also have higher morbidity and mortality rates, but those are going down for Black while going up for Whites.

I think that trajectory is what is driving the despair, added to the widespread misperception among said whites that their troubles are due to being discriminated against in favor of minorities for jobs. I think that kind of thing drove a lot of the Trump vote.
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 25, 2017, 10:49:55 PM
The linked article is entitled: “Our Miserable 21st Century“, and it references a 2016 study report entitled: “Where Have All the Workers Gone?” by Alan B. Krueger.  This work raises the prospect that the rise of alt-right populism is related to the  7 million opioid addicted, prime-age, unemployed men with their drugs being paid for by Medicaid so they cannot afford to look for work that would end their disability pay.

https://www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/our-miserable-21st-century/ (https://www.commentarymagazine.com/articles/our-miserable-21st-century/)


Extract: “In the fall of 2016, Alan Krueger, former chairman of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, released a study that further refined the picture of the real existing opioid epidemic in America: According to his work, nearly half of all prime working-age male labor-force dropouts—an army now totaling roughly 7 million men—currently take pain medication on a daily basis.
We already knew from other sources (such as BLS “time use” surveys) that the overwhelming majority of the prime-age men in this un-working army generally don’t “do civil society” (charitable work, religious activities, volunteering), or for that matter much in the way of child care or help for others in the home either, despite the abundance of time on their hands. Their routine, instead, typically centers on watching—watching TV, DVDs, Internet, hand-held devices, etc.—and indeed watching for an average of 2,000 hours a year, as if it were a full-time job. But Krueger’s study adds a poignant and immensely sad detail to this portrait of daily life in 21st-century America: In our mind’s eye we can now picture many millions of un-working men in the prime of life, out of work and not looking for jobs, sitting in front of screens—stoned.

But how did so many millions of un-working men, whose incomes are limited, manage en masse to afford a constant supply of pain medication? Oxycontin is not cheap. As Dreamland carefully explains, one main mechanism today has been the welfare state: more specifically, Medicaid, Uncle Sam’s means-tested health-benefits program.

In 21st-century America, “dependence on government” has thus come to take on an entirely new meaning.

You may now wish to ask: What share of prime-working-age men these days are enrolled in Medicaid? According to the Census Bureau’s SIPP survey (Survey of Income and Program Participation), as of 2013, over one-fifth (21 percent) of all civilian men between 25 and 55 years of age were Medicaid beneficiaries. For prime-age people not in the labor force, the share was over half (53 percent). And for un-working Anglos (non-Hispanic white men not in the labor force) of prime working age, the share enrolled in Medicaid was 48 percent.

By the way: Of the entire un-working prime-age male Anglo population in 2013, nearly three-fifths (57 percent) were reportedly collecting disability benefits from one or more government disability program in 2013. Disability checks and means-tested benefits cannot support a lavish lifestyle. But they can offer a permanent alternative to paid employment, and for growing numbers of American men, they do."
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 25, 2017, 10:57:36 PM
The linked article is entitled: "Is empathy a luxury in the age of Trump?", and features an interview with the renowned sociologist Arlie Russell Hochschild (ARH).  This information (together with that in my three immediately prior posts) helps to dialectically understand the underpinnings of the alt-right populist movement in the USA:

http://news.berkeley.edu/berkeley_blog/is-empathy-a-luxury-in-the-age-of-trump/ (http://news.berkeley.edu/berkeley_blog/is-empathy-a-luxury-in-the-age-of-trump/)

Extract: "The election of Barack Obama marked the emergence of the Tea Party, a radical right-wing movement that challenged the Republican establishment and ultimately fueled the rise of Donald Trump.

We discussed her research for Strangers in Their Own Land, what it could tell us about how divided America has become—and how we might begin to bridge our differences.

Emotions are at the bottom of anybody’s political beliefs. Those emotions are evoked by a story that feels true. So a deep story is a story that feels true. You take facts out of a deep story, you take moral judgments out of a story.

Their deep story is that you’re waiting in line, as in a pilgrimage. At the top of the hill is the American Dream. The line hasn’t moved. You really deserve to move forward, because you’ve done what everyone said you should do. Why isn’t it moving?

Then you see people who are cutting into line ahead of you—they’re blacks, women, immigrants—who are taking jobs formerly reserved for white men. Then you see Barack Obama, who is supposed to be supervising the line, actually signaling to the line-cutters. He’s their sponsor. He looks like them. He’s a line-cutter himself.

Then you realize that the federal government is actually their government—the government of the line-cutters. He’s their president. He’s supporting them. And in essence, he is the instrument of your marginalization, pushing you backwards. And then you see someone ahead of you in line who turns around and adds insult to injury by saying, “Oh, you’re just a redneck.”

All of this is going on while you, in fact, are not feeling good about yourself. In a way, you’re kind of in mourning for a lost identity and way of life—a life with good, union-supported industrial jobs. And you feel like there’s no one who sees your distress. You’ve been in line for a long time, and each of those line-cutters seems to be saying, through identity politics, “Poor me, oh, poor me.”

You do not believe in identity politics. You don’t say, “I’m a white man and I’m waiting in line, too.” Because you have an ethic that says you shouldn’t call on people’s pity or sympathy. You just obey the rules and work hard. And so there’s something dishonorable about what they have done. At the same time—and here’s your conflict—you do feel like a forgotten minority group. So without believing in a culture of victimhood, you feel like a victim.

And then you have Donald Trump come along and say, “Hey, you are a victim, and it’s OK. You are a stranger in your own land, and I am your guy. I’m representing you.”

JAS: In your book, you write: “Race seemed everywhere in the physical surroundings, but almost nowhere in spontaneous direct talk.” Barack Obama’s election catalyzed the Tea Party movement, and you describe, in your book, some racially-charged attitudes toward the president. Based on your interviews, to what degree do you think the Tea Party and Trump’s campaign were fueled by racial fears?

ARH: I think, definitely, they were fueled by racial fears. But you have to understand the deeper story that those racial fears are embedded in. When you say, “Oh, it’s racism,” then you’ve suddenly objectified the person. “Oh, they’re an evil racist and sexist, and they’re not educated.”"
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 26, 2017, 09:26:54 AM
Just for fun, I provide the linked reference (with an open access pdf), which is a scholarly work containing a wide range of information related to the coming the Great Bodhisatta Metteyya, and which indicates that Metteyya will be a viriya (energy) – type of Bodhisatta.  This indicates to me that (if true) the period after his enlightenment will be associated with low systemic isolation (including in the Hegelian institutional sense).  Furthermore, in Reply #20, I indicate that Metteyya may be born (and/or conceived) in 2017; and in Reply #168, I associate Metteyya with the "Auspicious Aeon" (bhadrakalpa).  Herein I speculate that the golden age of the bhadrakalpa will follow the enlightenment of Metteyya; which I suspect may occur around an age of 35 to 40, circa 2052 to 2058.


Sayagyi U Chit Tin, PhD. Assisted by William Pruitt, PhD. (1992), "The Coming Buddha Ariya Metteyya", The Wheel Publication No. 381/383, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka

https://what-buddha-said.net/library/pdfs/Metteyya.pdf

Extract: "Great Bodhisattas are of three types: (1) those in whom wisdom (panna) is predominant, (2) those in whom faith (saddha) is predominant, and (3) those in whom energy (viriya) is predominant.

According to the commentary on the Anagatavamsa, those in whom wisdom is predominant, which was the case for the Bodhisatta who became Buddha Gotama, …

Those in whom energy is predominant, as is the case for Bodhisatta Metteyya …

… the fact that a Bodhisatta for whom energy is predominant develops the perfections four times as long as a Bodhisatta for whom wisdom is predominant."


Notes:
(A) It is commonly accepted that Buddha Gotama become enlightened at an age of 35 (see the following linked Wikipedia article).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha

(B) I discount the value of much of the information about Metteyya contained in the non-canonical Pali texts including: the Anagatavamsa, the Dasabohisattuppattikatha, the Dasabodhisatta-uddesa, the Dasavatthuppakarana, the Sihalavatthupakarana and the Mahavamsa [all cited, for scholarly completeness, in U Chit Tin (1992)].
Title: Re: Systemic Isolation
Post by: AbruptSLR on March 26, 2017, 09:22:43 PM
While my last post, Reply #293, is speculative as it deal with the future; it included the following quote: "… Metteyya will be a viriya (energy) – type of Bodhisatta.  This indicates to me that (if true) the period after his enlightenment will be associated with low systemic isolation (including in the Hegelian institutional sense [see Replies #264 to 281])."  I introduced Hegelian metaphors to this thread in order to more practicably convey the deeper (but much more complex) underlying systemic characteristics of the HIOTTOE framework, which is itself a set of metaphors intended to convey the still deeper (and still more complex) nature of Dhamma.  However, before posting further predominantly using Hegelian metaphors, I briefly summarize herein some of the deeper metaphors between HIOTTOE and the nature of Dhamma.

In Reply # 119 I stated:  "In a Holographic Information Universe, or a HIOTTOE Universe, as perceived by un-fully realized dimples as "reality", one needs to remembers that what most un-fully realized dimples conceive as time is associated with changes in information entropy of an evolved information network (in particular see Reply #86, where entropy, H, is defined in terms of the system (subject to evolution from Gaussian adaptation) wide aggregation of efficiency.  Where efficiency, E, is information divided by the work/time needed to achieve an event (observation/measurement) with a probability P of occurrence, and –log (P) is the unit-less measure of information transmitted.  Thus E = −P log(P), and H = the summation of E for a system subject to evolution).

In HIOTTOE, an un-fully realized dimple cannot see beyond its preconceptions of the information contained in the free-will network, resulting in numerous event horizons (or parity horizons) that create the various kaplas cited in the edit to Reply # 117.  For instance if one (un-fully realized dimple) considers one's mind as the universe that one lives in then one's perception of one's series of re-birth's through "time" is associated with the evolution of choices that the dimple makes based on the evolution of the state of mind creates by information with in the free-will network that it clings to, thus resulting in the illusion of a series of lives that one cannot see beyond."

The prior quote from Reply #119 only discusses the nature of indirect information within the free-will information network.  However, direct information within the free-will information network is related to the awakening/enlightenment of Bodhisatta as briefly discussed in the following quote from Reply #153 [see also page 7 of U Chit Tin (1992)]:  "In Reply #115 I provide links to references discussing the relationship of dark energ