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Author Topic: Historic Arctic Expeditions  (Read 2515 times)

logicmanPatrick

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Historic Arctic Expeditions
« on: January 20, 2017, 03:24:25 AM »
I will add to this list, compiled from various sources, from time to time.

Historic Arctic Expeditions with links to useful articles.


1364 - Alexander Abakumovich, Governor of Novgorod, crosses Polar Urals and reaches the Gulf of Ob.

1553 - Willoughby Expedition.

1556 - Stephen Burrough is the first European to reach Novaya Zemlya.

1576 - Sir Martin Frobisher (1st Expedition)

1577 - Sir Martin Frobisher (2nd Expedition)

1578 - Sir Martin Frobisher (3rd Expedition)
         -  George Best  made scientific observations during Frobisher expeditions.

1583 - John Davis East Greenland expedition.
1585 - John Davis penetrates Davis Strait to 67oN.
1587 - John Davis 3rd expedition charts Davis Inlet, Labrador.

1594 - William BarentszWilliam Barentsz 1st voyage reaches Novaya ZemlyaNovaya Zemlya
1595 - William Barentsz 2nd voyage
1596 - William Barentsz 3rd voyage, discovers Spitzbergen


1609 - Henry Hudson North East Passage expedition
1610 - Henry Hudson North West Passage expedition


1872 - 1874 - George Nares Challenger expedition
1875 - 1876 - George Nares British Arctic expedition

1879 - George W. Delong USS Jeanette
         - USS Jeanette article

1881 - Adolphus Greely International Polar expedition

1888 - Fridtjof Nansen = Greenland Expedition
         - Nansen, Nobel Prize, book: Furthest North
         - more of Nansen's books, Fram Museum

1890 - John Muir Third Alaska Expedition

1892 - Robert Peary Greenland Expedition

1893 - 1895  - Fridtjof Nansen = Fram Expedition
        -  See also 1888.


1902–1904 - Rasmussen Danish Literary Expedition
                   - Knud Rasmussen and Peter Freuchen founded the original settlement at Thule

1906 - 1918 - Vilhjalmur Stefansson canadian arctic expedition and other expeditions

1924 - 1934 - Isobel Wylie Hutchison travels in Northern countries as botanist and movie maker

1926 - Airship Norge flies over the pole

1928 - Airship Italia crashes on polar ice

1937 - North Pole 1
         - USSR, world's first North Pole ice station.

1940 - Wegener Eismitte station set up on Greenland ice cap.
         -  More info here and here.

1940–1944 - St. Roch North West Passage voyage.
                   - St. Roch 2nd expedition.
                   - Between St. Roch and a cold place
                   - St. Roch model kit

1952 - 1983 - Drift Station Alpha, aka T3 or Fletcher's Island used as a scientific base by U.S. miltary
                    - Documentary footage

1958 - Operation Sunshine U.S.S. Nautilus


« Last Edit: January 27, 2017, 03:23:22 AM by logicmanPatrick »
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Tor Bejnar

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #1 on: January 20, 2017, 04:32:06 AM »
Last year I read Hampton Sides' In the Kingdom of Ice: the grand and terrible polar voyage of the USS Jeannette (2014) - The voyage started in July 1879 and [edit: the expedition] ended in tragedy in October 1881.  [edit: The ship sank long before then.] A few of the crew survived the ordeal.
« Last Edit: January 24, 2017, 08:36:27 PM by Tor Bejnar »
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Tor Bejnar

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #2 on: January 20, 2017, 04:40:53 AM »
Wikipedia has a List of Arctic expeditions that starts with "Inuit, Greek, and Viking voyages in the far north".
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logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #3 on: January 20, 2017, 05:36:58 AM »
Last year I read Hampton Sides' In the Kingdom of Ice: the grand and terrible polar voyage of the USS Jeannette (2014) - The voyage started in July 1879 and ended in tragedy in October 1881.  A few of the crew survived the ordeal.

You may enjoy this -
http://www.science20.com/chatter_box/history_mysteries_1_who_shot_tomatoes-80506

My email was 'returned' by mailer and I can't find any alternative contact.

I think I'll compile a list by merging wiki, the one from arcticwebsite.com, my own articles and some old books.

I aim to put links to articles in the list and edit my first post from time to time.

For the record, here's what I posted before editing:


There is a long list of historic Arctic expeditions posted here:

http://arcticwebsite.com/Index.html

I've emailed for express permission to copy the list to the ASIF.

The first item is 1576  Sir Martin Frobisher (N. W. Passage Expedition)  The other George Best made some interesting scientific observations both before and during that expedition.
http://www.science20.com/chatter_box/george_best_elizabethan_climate_scientist-76675

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« Last Edit: January 20, 2017, 05:51:31 AM by logicmanPatrick »
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folke_kelm

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #4 on: January 20, 2017, 08:30:19 AM »
It is not widely known in the western world that communist Russia had a good number of polar expeditions and from the 1920´s continous operationg research stations on the arctic ice. They were mostly located on so called ice islands, tabular icebergs of 20 to 70 thickness. Most stations were operational for 2 to 3 years and were abandoned when the ice island was exportet out of the arctic. Russia had never less than 2 stations operational in the arctic ice.
Initiator of these stations was the russian meteorologist Ernst Krenkel.
You will not find much information about this. I had the luck to buy a book, a german translation of a russian original with the title "mit dem Mikrophon am Nordpol" where you can read about the complete history of these stations. The program was abandoned as late as in the early 80´s, due to lack of thick multiyear ice to support semipermanent stations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Krenkel
Really not much to read about him   :-\
If some of you is able to find this book, it is really worth a reading, absolutely with regard to the lack of information in the net.

Due to this continuous research program russia has a vast archive of ice maps. The academy of science in Moskva should be able to provide this to interested people who are capable to read and speak russian. I know they have the maps becaus when i was student in the 80´s i had a conversation with a german geologist who worked at the academy of science in russia and we discussed this issue. He was very generous with information at this time, something i really did not expect as a west germany born.

charles_oil

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #5 on: January 20, 2017, 12:02:37 PM »
may be worth including Nansen as well..... My grandfather (who passed away long before I was born) had an interest in and supported Nansen - though I don't know what the connection was.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/nansen-bio.html

logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #6 on: January 21, 2017, 06:28:22 AM »
folke_kelm - you may enjoy this article about Russian explorers and explorers of Russia -
http://www.arctic-info.com/encyclopedia/explorers-and-scientists/


charles_oil  Nansen is one of my all-time heroes.  Project Gutenberg has 'Furthest North' and 'In Northern Mists', both excellent reads. 
 
Watch for more explorer links soon.  (I am writing this at 05:20 UK time.  Sometimes, sleep beckons.)  ;D
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mati

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #7 on: January 21, 2017, 07:12:08 PM »
« Last Edit: January 21, 2017, 07:37:36 PM by mati »
and so it goes

longwalks1

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #8 on: January 21, 2017, 08:18:07 PM »
And http://fadedpage.com/  has several open source Arctic Books as well.  Death plus fifty is still alive and well in Canada.  Distributed Proofreaders Canada is their source.  Newest is

http://fadedpage.com/showbook.php?pid=20170119]  I did proof and foof on it.  Also on the Richardson book on Franklin. 

If the Author (and translator) has been dead since 1966, it's  probably fair game for contributing scans and ocr to Distributed Proofreaders Canada. 

logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #9 on: January 21, 2017, 09:32:40 PM »
mati and longwalks 1 - thanks, will add in over the weekend.
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logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #10 on: January 23, 2017, 01:36:35 AM »
mati and longwalks 1 - thanks, will add in over the weekend.

Not all added yet, but not forgotten.  Never enough time.  :'(
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Jim Hunt

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #11 on: January 24, 2017, 11:09:16 AM »
There's a fair few things missing from the Wikipedia list, especially if you're including "scientific" expeditions. How about:

Henry Larsen: http://www.ucalgary.ca/arcticexpedition/map-home/across-northwest-passage-larsen-expeditions

Drifting Station Alpha: http://climatescience.tv/2012/06/floating-on-top-of-the-world-the-international-geophysical-year-and-drifting-station-alpha/

Ice Station SHEBA: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_Heat_Budget_of_the_Arctic_Ocean

Tara Arctic Drift: http://www.damocles-eu.org/research/TARA_ARCTIC_2007-2008_The_Great_Arctic_drift_54.shtml

Catlin Arctic Survey(s): http://catlinarcticsurvey.investis.com/

FRAM 2014-15 Ice Drift Station: https://sabvabaa.nersc.no/

Surely Wally Herbert deserves a mention?
Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one - Albert Einstein

logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #12 on: January 26, 2017, 12:38:11 AM »
Updated.

Jim - will add those in soon, thanks.
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solartim27

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FNORD

logicmanPatrick

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #14 on: October 13, 2017, 12:53:32 AM »
may be worth including Nansen as well
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/nansen-bio.html
Today's Google doodle, the Wikipedia page is quite interesting reading.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Fridtjof+Nansen&oi=ddle&ct=fridtjof-nansens-156th-birthday-5694774550986752-law&hl=en&source=doodle-ntp

Already done :-

1888 - Fridtjof Nansen = Greenland Expedition
         - Nansen, Nobel Prize, book: Furthest North
         - more of Nansen's books, Fram Museum

1890 - John Muir Third Alaska Expedition

1892 - Robert Peary Greenland Expedition

1893 - 1895  - Fridtjof Nansen = Fram Expedition
        -  See also 1888.

Once my current court case is done I hope to have more time to spend on the ASIF.
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TerryM

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Re: Historic Arctic Expeditions
« Reply #15 on: October 29, 2017, 12:15:01 AM »
may be worth including Nansen as well
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/nansen-bio.html
Today's Google doodle, the Wikipedia page is quite interesting reading.
https://www.google.com/search?q=Fridtjof+Nansen&oi=ddle&ct=fridtjof-nansens-156th-birthday-5694774550986752-law&hl=en&source=doodle-ntp

Already done :-

1888 - Fridtjof Nansen = Greenland Expedition
         - Nansen, Nobel Prize, book: Furthest North
         - more of Nansen's books, Fram Museum

1890 - John Muir Third Alaska Expedition

1892 - Robert Peary Greenland Expedition

1893 - 1895  - Fridtjof Nansen = Fram Expedition
        -  See also 1888.

Once my current court case is done I hope to have more time to spend on the ASIF.


As do I. Some of my earliest insights into the Arctic were learned perusing the wonderful articles you wrote re. Petermann's calving back in 2010.


 Court Cases and Medical Procedures are seldom enjoyable.
Best of luck
Terry